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ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:207
Date: 2015-05-21

RIOXX

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rioxxterms:version_of_record'http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature07098 ' is not a valid HTTP URI in rioxxterms:version_of_record

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rioxxterms:version_of_record'http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature07098 ' is not a valid HTTP URI in rioxxterms:version_of_record
rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
dcterms:dateAcceptedMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dcterms:dateAccepted - found 0 values
ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:207</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-05-21T08:56:46Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Sister chromatid cohesion, which is essential for mitosis, is mediated by a multi-subunit&#13;
protein complex called cohesin whose Scc1, Smc1, and Smc3 subunits form a tripartite&#13;
ring structure. It has been proposed that cohesin holds sister DNAs together by trapping&#13;
them inside its ring. To test this, we used site-specific cross-linking to create chemical&#13;
connections at the three interfaces between the ring’s three constituent polypeptides,&#13;
thereby creating covalently closed cohesin rings. As predicted by the ring entrapment&#13;
model, this procedure produces dimeric DNA/cohesin structures that are resistant to&#13;
protein denaturation. We conclude that cohesin rings concatenate individual sister&#13;
minichromosome DNAs.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/207/1/WRAP_Arumugam_resubmitted_cover_delete.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Nature Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>0028-0836</dc:source><dc:subject>QR</dc:subject><dc:title>The cohesin ring concatenates sister DNA molecules</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Haering, Christian H.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Farcas, Ana-Maria</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Arumugam, Prakash</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Metson, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Nasmyth, Kim</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2008-07-02</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature07098
</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:202
Date: 2016-07-28

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rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
dcterms:dateAcceptedMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dcterms:dateAccepted - found 0 values
ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:202</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-07-28T16:41:18Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D50:5045</setSpec>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D50:5052</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This article intends to investigate the relationship between literary translation and cultural memory, using a twentieth century film version of one of Shakespeare’s plays as a case study in inter-semiotic translation. The common perception of translation is often confined to its use as a language learning tool or as a means of information transfer between languages. The wider academic concept embraces not only inter-lingual translation, but both intra-lingual activity or rewording in the same language and inter-semiotic translation defined by Roman Jacobson as “the interpretation of verbal signs by means of signs of nonverbal sign systems” (Jakobson, 1959: 114).</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/202/1/WRAP_Long_0070255-020908-Long_Literary_Translation_and_Cultural_Memory.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:subject>PE</dc:subject><dc:subject>PR</dc:subject><dc:title>Literary translation and cultural memory</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Long, Lynne</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2008</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>other</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AO</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:201
Date: 2016-07-28

RIOXX

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This is not a valid RIOXX record
PropertyError
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RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:version_of_record'http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-8-135 ' is not a valid HTTP URI in rioxxterms:version_of_record
rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
dcterms:dateAcceptedMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dcterms:dateAccepted - found 0 values
ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:201</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-07-28T16:41:18Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7374617475733D707562</setSpec>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D42:4246</setSpec>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D52:524A:524A313031</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Background: Although young people's transition from Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) to Adult Mental Health Services (AMHS) in England is a significant health issue for service users, commissioners and providers, there is little evidence available to guide service development. The TRACK study aims to identify factors which facilitate or impede effective transition from CAHMS to AMHS. This paper presents findings from a survey of transition protocols in Greater London.&#13;
Methods: A questionnaire survey (Jan-April 2005) of Greater London CAMHS to identify transition protocols and collect data on team size, structure, transition protocols, population served and referral rates to AMHS. Identified transition protocols were subjected to content analysis.&#13;
Results: Forty two of the 65 teams contacted (65%) responded to the survey. Teams varied in type (generic/targeted/in-patient), catchment area (locality-based, wider or national) and transition boundaries with AMHS. Estimated annual average number of cases considered suitable for transfer to AMHS, per CAMHS team (mean 12.3, range 0–70, SD 14.5, n = 37) was greater than the annual average number of cases actually accepted by AMHS (mean 8.3, range 0–50, SD 9.5, n = 33). In April 2005, there were 13 active and 2 draft protocols in Greater London. Protocols were largely&#13;
similar in stated aims and policies, but differed in key procedural details, such as joint working between CAHMS and AMHS and whether protocols were shared at Trust or locality level. While the centrality of service users' involvement in the transition process was identified, no protocol specified how users should be prepared for transition. A major omission from protocols was procedures to ensure continuity of care for patients not accepted by AMHS.&#13;
Conclusion: At least 13 transition protocols were in operation in Greater London in April 2005. Not all protocols meet all requirements set by government policy. Variation in protocol-sharing organisational units and transition process suggest that practice may vary. There is discontinuity of care provision for some patients who 'graduate' from CAMHS services but are not accepted by&#13;
adult services.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/201/1/WRAP_Paul_1472-6963-8-135.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>BioMed Central</dc:publisher><dc:source>1472-6963</dc:source><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:subject>RJ101</dc:subject><dc:title>Transitions of care from child and adolescent mental health&#13;
services to adult mental health services (TRACK Study) : a study of protocols in Greater London</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Singh, Swaran P.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Paul, Moli</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ford, Tamsin</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kramer, Tami</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Weaver, Tim</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2008</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-8-135
</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:200
Date: 2016-07-28

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is not a valid RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:version_of_record'http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/adc.2005.091629 ' is not a valid HTTP URI in rioxxterms:version_of_record

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:version_of_record'http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/adc.2005.091629 ' is not a valid HTTP URI in rioxxterms:version_of_record
rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
dcterms:dateAcceptedMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dcterms:dateAccepted - found 0 values
ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:200</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-07-28T16:41:18Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D52:524A</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This article provides an overview of different types of rights to&#13;
aid consideration of, and debate about, children and young&#13;
people’s rights in the context of paediatrics and child health. It&#13;
demonstrates how children’s rights may or may not differ from&#13;
adult rights and the implications for practice. It shows that&#13;
applying a children’s rights framework can be more helpful in&#13;
pursuing a public child health agenda than in reducing ethical&#13;
or legal conflicts when interacting with child patients and their&#13;
families.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/200/1/WRAP_Paul_720.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>BMJ</dc:publisher><dc:source>0003-9888</dc:source><dc:subject>RJ</dc:subject><dc:title>Rights</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Paul, Moli</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/adc.2005.091629
</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:197
Date: 2015-10-27

RIOXX

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PropertyError
rioxxterms:version_of_record'http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/jmir.9.3.e23 ' is not a valid HTTP URI in rioxxterms:version_of_record

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rioxxterms:version_of_record'http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/jmir.9.3.e23 ' is not a valid HTTP URI in rioxxterms:version_of_record
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dcterms:dateAcceptedMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dcterms:dateAccepted - found 0 values
ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:197</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-10-27T16:21:16Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D52:5241</setSpec>
      <setSpec>74797065733D61727469636C65</setSpec>
      <setSpec>636F6C6C656374696F6E3D77726170</setSpec></header>
    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Background: The development of the Internet has created new opportunities for health care provision, including its use as a&#13;
tool to aid the self-management of chronic conditions. We studied stakeholder reactions to an Internet-based “virtual clinic,”&#13;
which would allow people with diabetes to communicate with their health care providers, find information about their condition,&#13;
and share information and support with other users.&#13;
Objective: The aim of the study was to present the results of a detailed consultation with a variety of stakeholder groups in&#13;
order to identify what they regard as the desirable, important, and feasible characteristics of an Internet-based intervention to aid&#13;
diabetes self-management.&#13;
Methods: Three focus groups were conducted with 12 people with type 1 diabetes who used insulin pumps. Participants were&#13;
recruited through a local diabetes clinic. One-on-one interviews were conducted with 5 health care professionals from the same&#13;
clinic (2 doctors, 2 nurses, 1 dietitian) and with 1 representative of an insulin pump company. We gathered patient consensus via&#13;
email on the important and useful features of Internet-based systems used for other chronic conditions (asthma, epilepsy, myalgic&#13;
encephalopathy, mental health problems). A workshop to gather expert consensus on the use of information technology to improve&#13;
the care of young people with diabetes was organized.&#13;
Results: Stakeholder groups identified the following important characteristics of an Internet-based virtual clinic: being grounded&#13;
on personal needs rather than only providing general information; having the facility to communicate with, and learn from, peers;&#13;
providing information on the latest developments and news in diabetes; being quick and easy to use. This paper discusses these&#13;
characteristics in light of a review of the relevant literature. The development of a virtual clinic for diabetes that embodies these&#13;
principles, and that is based on self-efficacy theory, is described.&#13;
Conclusions: Involvement of stakeholders is vital early in the development of a complex intervention. Stakeholders have clear&#13;
and relevant views on what a virtual clinic system should provide, and these views can be captured and synthesized with relative&#13;
ease. This work has led to the design of a system that is able to meet user needs and is currently being evaluated in a pilot study.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/197/1/WRAP_Powell_Stakeholder_Diabetes_2.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Journal of Internet Medical Research</dc:publisher><dc:source>1438-8871</dc:source><dc:subject>RA</dc:subject><dc:title>Stakeholder perspectives on the development of a virtual clinic for diabetes care : qualitative study</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Armstrong, Natalie</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hearnshaw, Hilary</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Powell, John</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dale, Jeremy</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/jmir.9.3.e23
</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:189
Date: 2015-10-27

RIOXX

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This is a valid RIOXX record

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
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PropertyError
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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:189</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-10-27T16:22:02Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D48:4842</setSpec>
      <setSpec>74797065733D61727469636C65</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>We examine potential nonlinear behaviour in the conduct of monetary policy by the Bank of&#13;
England. We find significant nonlinearity in this policy setting, and in particular that the standard&#13;
Taylor rule really only begins to bite once expected inflation is significantly above its target. This&#13;
suggests, for example, that while the stated objective of the Bank of England is to pursue a symmetric&#13;
inflation target, in practice some degree of asymmetry has crept into interest-rate setting.&#13;
We argue that, nevertheless, the very predictability of the policy rule, especially when set out in a&#13;
highly plausible and intuitive nonlinear framework, is perhaps one reason why the United Kingdom&#13;
has, since the early 1990s, enjoyed price stability combined with relatively strong growth.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/189/1/WRAP_Taylor_viewcontent.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Berkeley Electronics Press</dc:publisher><dc:source>1558-3708</dc:source><dc:subject>HB</dc:subject><dc:title>Interest rate setting and inflation targeting : evidence of a nonlinear Taylor rule for the United Kingdom</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Taylor, Mark P.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Davradakis, Emmanuel</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.2202/1558-3708.1359</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:188
Date: 2015-10-27

RIOXX

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PropertyError
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RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:version_of_record'http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/500674 ' is not a valid HTTP URI in rioxxterms:version_of_record
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dcterms:dateAcceptedMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dcterms:dateAccepted - found 0 values
ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:188</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-10-27T16:21:16Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D48:4842</setSpec>
      <setSpec>74797065733D61727469636C65</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>We examine the term structure of interest rates for the United States, Germany, and Japan over the period 1982–2000, using a nonlinear multivariate vector equilibrium correction-modeling framework that allows for asymmetric adjustment and regime shifts. The model has a very general underlying theoretical rationale that allows for time-varying term premia and other short-run deviations from the expectations model of the term structure. The empirical models fit well, display regime switches closely correlated with key monetary policy variables, and have good forecasting properties.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/188/1/WRAP_Taylor_500674.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>University of Chicago Press</dc:publisher><dc:source>0021-9398</dc:source><dc:subject>HB</dc:subject><dc:title>The role of asymmetries and regime shifts in the term structure of interest rates</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Clarida, Richard H.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Sarno, Lucio</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Taylor, Mark P.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Valente, Giorgio</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/500674
</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:187
Date: 2017-03-13

RIOXX

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:187</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-03-13T09:31:10Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Background&#13;
The National Epirubicin Adjuvant Trial (NEAT) and the BR9601 trial examined the efficacy of anthracyclines in the adjuvant treatment of early breast cancer.&#13;
&#13;
Methods&#13;
In NEAT, we compared four cycles of epirubicin followed by four cycles of cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and fluorouracil (CMF) with six cycles of CMF alone. In the BR9601 trial, we compared four cycles of epirubicin followed by four cycles of CMF, with eight cycles of CMF alone every 3 weeks. The primary end points were relapsefree&#13;
and overall survival. The secondary end points were adverse effects, dose intensity, and quality of life.&#13;
&#13;
Results&#13;
The two trials included 2391 women with early breast cancer; the median follow-up was 48 months. Relapse-free and overall survival rates were significantly higher in the epirubicin–CMF groups than in the CMF-alone groups (2-year relapse-free survival, 91% vs. 85%; 5-year relapse-free survival, 76% vs. 69%; 2-year overall survival, 95% vs. 92%; 5-year overall survival, 82% vs. 75%; P&lt;0.001 by the log-rank test for all comparisons). Hazard ratios for relapse (or death without relapse) (0.69; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.58 to 0.82; P&lt;0.001) and death from any cause (0.67; 95% CI, 0.55 to&#13;
0.82; P&lt;0.001) favored epirubicin plus CMF over CMF alone. Independent prognostic factors were nodal status, tumor grade, tumor size, and estrogen-receptor status (P&lt;0.001 for all four factors) and the presence or absence of vascular or lymphatic&#13;
invasion (P = 0.01). These factors did not significantly interact with the effect of epirubicin plus CMF. The overall incidence of adverse effects was significantly higher with epirubicin plus CMF than with CMF alone but did not significantly affect the delivered-dose intensity or the quality of life.&#13;
&#13;
Conclusions&#13;
Epirubicin plus CMF is superior to CMF alone as adjuvant treatment for early breast cancer.&#13;
(ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00003577.)</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/187/1/WRAP_Dunn_1851.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Massachusetts Medical Society Publisher</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00003577</dc:relation><dc:source>0028-4793</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RS</dc:subject><dc:title>Epirubicin and cyclophosphamide, methotrexate,&#13;
and fluorouracil as adjuvant therapy for early breast cancer</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Poole, Christopher J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Earl, Helena M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hiller, Louise</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dunn, Janet A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bathers, Sarah</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Grieve, Robert J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Spooner, David A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Agrawal, Rajiv K.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Brunt, A. Murray</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>O’Reilly, Susan M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Crawford, S. Michael</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Rea, Daniel W.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Simmonds, Peter</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mansi, Janine L.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Stanley, Andrew</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Harvey, Peter</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>McAdam, Karen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Foster, Liz</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Leonard, Robert C. F.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Twelves, Chris</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:project funder_name="Cancer Research UK" funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100000289"/><rioxxterms:project funder_name="Pfizer" funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100004319"/><rioxxterms:publication_date>2006-11-02</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa052084</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:184
Date: 2015-10-27

RIOXX

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:184</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-10-27T16:21:16Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The vestibular system in almost all vertebrates, and in particular in humans, controls&#13;
balance by employing a set of six semicircular canals, three in each inner ear, to detect angular&#13;
accelerations of the head in three mutually orthogonal coordinate planes. Signals from the canals are&#13;
transmitted to eight (groups of) neck motoneurons, which activate the eight corresponding muscle&#13;
groups. These signals may be either excitatory or inhibitory, depending on the direction of head&#13;
acceleration. McCollum and Boyle have observed that in the cat the relevant network of neurons&#13;
possesses octahedral symmetry, a structure that they deduce from the known innervation patterns&#13;
(connections) from canals to muscles. We rederive the octahedral symmetry from mathematical&#13;
features of the probable network architecture, and model the movement of the head in response to&#13;
the activation patterns of the muscles concerned. We assume that connections between neck muscles&#13;
can be modeled by a “coupled cell network,” a system of coupled ODEs whose variables correspond&#13;
to the eight muscles, and that this network also has octahedral symmetry. The network and its&#13;
symmetries imply that these ODEs must be equivariant under a suitable action of the octahedral&#13;
group. It is observed that muscle motoneurons form natural “push-pull pairs” in which, for given&#13;
movements of the head, one neuron produces an excitatory signal, whereas the other produces an&#13;
inhibitory signal. By incorporating this feature into the mathematics in a natural way, we are led&#13;
to a model in which the octahedral group acts by signed permutations on muscle motoneurons.&#13;
We show that with the appropriate group actions, there are six possible spatiotemporal patterns of&#13;
time-periodic states that can arise by Hopf bifurcation from an equilibrium representing an immobile&#13;
head. Here we use results of Ashwin and Podvigina. Counting conjugate states, whose physiological&#13;
interpretations can have significantly different features, there are 15 patterns of periodic oscillation,&#13;
not counting left-right reflections or time-reversals as being different. We interpret these patterns&#13;
as motions of the head, and note that all six types of pattern appear to correspond to natural head&#13;
motions.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/184/1/WRAP_Stewart_GetPDFServlet.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics</dc:publisher><dc:source>0036-1399</dc:source><dc:subject>QA</dc:subject><dc:title>Spatiotemporal symmetries in the disynaptic canal-neck projection</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Golubitsky, Martin</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Shiau, Liejune</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Stewart, Ian</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007-07-20</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1137/060667773
</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:183
Date: 2015-10-27

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:183</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-10-27T16:26:01Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D51:5141</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>A coupled cell system is a network of dynamical systems, or “cells,” coupled together. The architecture&#13;
of a coupled cell network is a graph that indicates how cells are coupled and which cells are&#13;
equivalent. Stewart, Golubitsky, and Pivato presented a framework for coupled cell systems that&#13;
permits a classification of robust synchrony in terms of network architecture. They also studied&#13;
the existence of other robust dynamical patterns using a concept of quotient network. There are&#13;
two difficulties with their approach. First, there are examples of networks with robust patterns of&#13;
synchrony that are not included in their class of networks; and second, vector fields on the quotient&#13;
do not in general lift to vector fields on the original network, thus complicating genericity arguments.&#13;
We enlarge the class of coupled systems under consideration by allowing two cells to be coupled in&#13;
more than one way, and we show that this approach resolves both difficulties. The theory that we&#13;
develop, the “multiarrow formalism,” parallels that of Stewart, Golubitsky, and Pivato. In addition,&#13;
we prove that the pattern of synchrony generated by a hyperbolic equilibrium is rigid (the pattern&#13;
does not change under small admissible perturbations) if and only if the pattern corresponds to&#13;
a balanced equivalence relation. Finally, we use quotient networks to discuss Hopf bifurcation in&#13;
homogeneous cell systems with two-color balanced equivalence relations.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/183/1/WRAP_Stewart_10_1_1_77_4033_1.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics</dc:publisher><dc:source>1536-0040</dc:source><dc:subject>QA</dc:subject><dc:title>Patterns of synchrony in coupled cell networks with multiple arrows</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Golubitsky, Martin</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Stewart, Ian</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Torok, Andrei</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005-02-22</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1137/040612634
</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:182
Date: 2015-10-27

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:182</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-10-27T16:26:01Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D51:5141</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>A coupled cell system is a network of dynamical systems, or “cells,” coupled together. Such systems&#13;
can be represented schematically by a directed graph whose nodes correspond to cells and whose&#13;
edges represent couplings. A symmetry of a coupled cell system is a permutation of the cells that&#13;
preserves all internal dynamics and all couplings. Symmetry can lead to patterns of synchronized&#13;
cells, rotating waves, multirhythms, and synchronized chaos. We ask whether symmetry is the only&#13;
mechanism that can create such states in a coupled cell system and show that it is not.&#13;
The key idea is to replace the symmetry group by the symmetry groupoid, which encodes information&#13;
about the input sets of cells. (The input set of a cell consists of that cell and all cells&#13;
connected to that cell.) The admissible vector fields for a given graph—the dynamical systems with&#13;
the corresponding internal dynamics and couplings—are precisely those that are equivariant under&#13;
the symmetry groupoid. A pattern of synchrony is “robust” if it arises for all admissible vector&#13;
fields. The first main result shows that robust patterns of synchrony (invariance of “polydiagonal”&#13;
subspaces under all admissible vector fields) are equivalent to the combinatorial condition that an&#13;
equivalence relation on cells is “balanced.” The second main result shows that admissible vector&#13;
fields restricted to polydiagonal subspaces are themselves admissible vector fields for a new coupled&#13;
cell network, the “quotient network.” The existence of quotient networks has surprising implications&#13;
for synchronous dynamics in coupled cell systems.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/182/1/WRAP_Stewart_groupoid_siam.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics</dc:publisher><dc:source>1536-0040</dc:source><dc:subject>QA</dc:subject><dc:title>Symmetry groupoids and patterns of synchrony&#13;
in coupled cell networks</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Stewart, Ian</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Golubitsky, Martin</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Pivato, Marcus</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1137/S1111111103419896
</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:181
Date: 2015-10-27

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:181</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-10-27T16:21:15Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D51:5141</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>A formal theory of symmetries of networks of coupled dynamical&#13;
systems, stated in terms of the group of permutations of the nodes that preserve&#13;
the network topology, has existed for some time. Global network symmetries&#13;
impose strong constraints on the corresponding dynamical systems,&#13;
which affect equilibria, periodic states, heteroclinic cycles, and even chaotic&#13;
states. In particular, the symmetries of the network can lead to synchrony,&#13;
phase relations, resonances, and synchronous or cycling chaos.&#13;
Symmetry is a rather restrictive assumption, and a general theory of networks&#13;
should be more flexible. A recent generalization of the group-theoretic&#13;
notion of symmetry replaces global symmetries by bijections between certain&#13;
subsets of the directed edges of the network, the ‘input sets’. Now the symmetry&#13;
group becomes a groupoid, which is an algebraic structure that resembles&#13;
a group, except that the product of two elements may not be defined. The&#13;
groupoid formalism makes it possible to extend group-theoretic methods to&#13;
more general networks, and in particular it leads to a complete classification&#13;
of ‘robust’ patterns of synchrony in terms of the combinatorial structure of the&#13;
network.&#13;
Many phenomena that would be nongeneric in an arbitrary dynamical&#13;
system can become generic when constrained by a particular network topology.&#13;
A network of dynamical systems is not just a dynamical system with&#13;
a high-dimensional phase space. It is also equipped with a canonical set of&#13;
observables—the states of the individual nodes of the network. Moreover, the&#13;
form of the underlying ODE is constrained by the network topology—which&#13;
variables occur in which component equations, and how those equations relate&#13;
to each other. The result is a rich and new range of phenomena, only a few of&#13;
which are yet properly understood.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/181/1/WRAP_Stewart_S0273-0979-06-01108-6.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>American Mathematical Society </dc:publisher><dc:source>0273-0979</dc:source><dc:subject>QA</dc:subject><dc:title>Nonlinear dynamics of networks : the groupoid formalism</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Golubitsky, Martin</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Stewart, Ian</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2006-07</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1090/S0273-0979-06-01108-6
</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:180
Date: 2017-09-20

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:180</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-20T10:29:14Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Past research demonstrates that children learn from a previously accurate speaker rather&#13;
than from a previously inaccurate one. This study shows that children do not necessarily&#13;
treat a previously inaccurate speaker as unreliable. Rather, they appropriately excuse past&#13;
inaccuracy arising from the speaker’s limited information access. Children (N = 67) aged&#13;
3, 4 and 5 years aimed to identify a hidden toy in collaboration with a puppet as&#13;
informant. When the puppet had previously been inaccurate despite having full&#13;
information, children tended to ignore what they were told and guess for themselves:&#13;
They treated the puppet as unreliable in the longer term. However children more&#13;
frequently believed a currently well-informed puppet whose past inaccuracies arose&#13;
legitimately from inadequate information access.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/180/1/WRAP_Robinson8573940_081008_Nurmsoo_Robinson_2008_3.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell</dc:publisher><dc:source>0009-3920</dc:source><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:title>Children’s trust in previously inaccurate informants who were well- or poorly- informed : when past errors can be excused</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Nurmsoo, Erika</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Robinson, Elizabeth J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:178
Date: 2015-11-11

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:178</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-11T11:37:33Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7374617475733D707562</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Using novel methods, this paper explores sources of uncertainty and gender bias in primary care doctors’ diagnostic decision making about coronary heart disease (CHD). Claims about gendered consultation styles and quality of care are re-examined, along with the adequacy of CHD models for women.&#13;
Randomly selected doctors in the UK and the US (n=112, 56 per country, stratified by gender) were shown standardised videotaped vignettes of actors portraying patients with CHD. ‘Patients’ age, gender, ethnicity and social class were varied systematically. During interviews, doctors gave free-recall accounts of their decision making, which were analysed to determine patient and doctor gender effects.&#13;
We found differences in male and female doctors’ responses to different types of patient information. Female doctors recall more patient cues overall, particularly about history presentation, and particularly amongst women. Male doctors appear less affected by patient gender but both male and especially female doctors take more account of male patients’ age and consider more age-related disease possibilities for men than women. Findings highlight the need for better integration of knowledge about female presentations within accepted CHD risk models, and do not support the contention that women receive better quality care from female doctors.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/178/1/WRAP_Adams_Gender_and_CHD_R1_mod_280307_2.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell</dc:publisher><dc:source>0141-9889</dc:source><dc:subject>RC</dc:subject><dc:title>The influence of patient and doctor gender on diagnosing coronary heart disease</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Adams, Ann</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Buckingham, Christopher D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Lindenmeyer, Antje</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>McKinlay, John B.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Link, Carol</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Marceau, Lisa</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Arber, Sara</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2008-01</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AO</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9566.2007.01025.x
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ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:177
Date: 2015-11-11

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:177</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-11T11:43:34Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Background: Research into mental-health risks has tended to focus on epidemiological approaches and to consider pieces of evidence in isolation. Less is known about the particular&#13;
factors and their patterns of occurrence that influence clinicians’ risk judgements in practice.&#13;
Aims: To identify the cues used by clinicians to make risk judgements and to explore how these combine within clinicians’ psychological representations of suicide, self-harm, self-neglect, and harm to others.&#13;
Method: Content analysis was applied to semi-structured interviews conducted with 46 practitioners from various mental-health disciplines, using mind maps to represent the&#13;
hierarchical relationships of data and concepts.&#13;
Results: Strong consensus between experts meant their knowledge could be integrated into a single hierarchical structure for each risk. This revealed contrasting emphases between data and concepts underpinning risks, including: reflection and forethought for suicide; motivation&#13;
for self-harm; situation and context for harm to others; and current presentation for self-neglect.&#13;
Conclusions: Analysis of experts’ risk-assessment knowledge identified influential cues and their relationships to risks. It can inform development of valid risk-screening decision support systems that combine actuarial evidence with clinical expertise.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/177/1/WRAP_Adams_jmh_risk_resub.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Taylor &amp; Francis</dc:publisher><dc:source>0963-8237</dc:source><dc:subject>RC0321</dc:subject><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:title>Cues and knowledge structures used by mental-health professionals when making risk assessments</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Buckingham, Christopher D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Adams, Ann</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mace, Chris</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2008</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638230701498374
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ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:176
Date: 2017-09-27

RIOXX

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:176</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-27T16:23:35Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D52:5243</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Sleep deprivation (5 hour per night) was associated with a higher risk of hypertension in middle-aged&#13;
American adults but not among older individuals. However, the outcome was based on self-reported diagnosis of&#13;
incident hypertension, and no gender-specific analyses were included. We examined cross-sectional and prospective&#13;
associations of sleep duration with prevalent and incident hypertension in a cohort of 10 308 British civil servants aged&#13;
35 to 55 years at baseline (phase 1: 1985–1988). Data were gathered from phase 5 (1997–1999) and phase 7&#13;
(2003–2004). Sleep duration and other covariates were assessed at phase 5. At both examinations, hypertension was&#13;
defined as blood pressure 140/90 mm Hg or regular use of antihypertensive medications. In cross-sectional analyses&#13;
at phase 5 (n5766), short duration of sleep (5 hour per night) was associated with higher risk of hypertension&#13;
compared with the group sleeping 7 hours, among women (odds ratio: 2.01; 95% CI: 1.13 to 3.58), independent of&#13;
confounders, with an inverse linear trend across decreasing hours of sleep (P0.003). No association was detected in&#13;
men. In prospective analyses (mean follow-up: 5 years), the cumulative incidence of hypertension was 20.0% (n740)&#13;
among 3691 normotensive individuals at phase 5. In women, short duration of sleep was associated with a higher risk&#13;
of hypertension in a reduced model (age and employment) (6 hours per night: odds ratio: 1.56 [95% CI: 1.07 to 2.27];&#13;
5 hour per night: odds ratio: 1.94 [95% CI: 1.08 to 3.50] versus 7 hours). The associations were attenuated after&#13;
accounting for cardiovascular risk factors and psychiatric comorbidities (odds ratio: 1.42 [95% CI: 0.94 to 2.16]; odds&#13;
ratio: 1.31 [95% CI: 0.65 to 2.63], respectively). Sleep deprivation may produce detrimental cardiovascular effects&#13;
among women. (Hypertension. 2007;50:694-701.)&#13;
Key Words: sleep duration  blood pressure  hypertension  gender differences  confounders  comorbidities</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/176/1/WRAP_Cappuccio_0482983-061008-Hypertension_2007_Sleep.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>American Heart Association</dc:publisher><dc:source>0194-911X</dc:source><dc:subject>RC</dc:subject><dc:title>Gender-specific associations of short sleep duration with&#13;
prevalent and incident hypertension : the Whitehall II Study</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Cappuccio, Francesco</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Stranges, Saverio</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kandala, Ngianga-Bakwin</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Miller, Michelle A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Taggart, Frances M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kumari, Meena</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ferrie, Jane E.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Shipley, Martin J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Brunner, Eric</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Marmot, Michael G.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007-09-04</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.107.095471</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:175
Date: 2017-09-27

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:175</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-27T16:21:56Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D52:5243</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Objective— Gender and ethnicity modulate the phenotypic expression of cardiovascular risk factors. In particular, men are at higher risk of developing cardiovascular diseases compared to women, whereas black populations of African origin display reduced mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD) as compared to both whites and South Asians. Because the male-specific region (MSY) of the human Y chromosome is an obvious candidate for gender-related differences in the development of cardiovascular diseases, we aimed to identify genetic variants of MSY influencing cardiovascular risk profile in different ethnic groups. &#13;
&#13;
Methods and Results— We genotyped 4 polymorphisms of MSY (HindIII±, rs768983 of TBL1Y, rs3212292 of USP9Y, and rs9341273 of UTY genes) in 579 men of different ethnic groups (blacks, South Asians, and whites) from UK and in 301 whites in Italy. We found that the TBL1YA USP9YA haplotype, present only in blacks in whom it represents the most frequent allelic combinations (AA: n=125; all other combinations: n=45), was associated with lower levels of triglycerides (P=0.025) and higher levels of HDL-cholesterol (P=0.005) as compared to the other haplotypes. &#13;
&#13;
Conclusion— The TBL1YA USP9YA haplotype of the Y chromosome, present only in black people of African origin, attributes a favorable lipoprotein pattern, likely to contribute to their reduced susceptibility to coronary heart disease. &#13;
&#13;
The study evaluated the association of genetic variants of the male-specific region of the Y chromosome with cardiovascular risk factors in different ethnic groups. The most frequently observed haplotype in black people was associated with a favorable lipoprotein pattern, thus contributing to the lower rate of cardiovascular diseases in blacks. </dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/175/1/WRAP_Cappuccio_0482983-061008-ATVB_2008_Y-chrom.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>American Heart Association, Inc. </dc:publisher><dc:source>1079-5642</dc:source><dc:subject>RC</dc:subject><dc:title>Genetic variants of Y chromosome are associated with a&#13;
protective lipid profile in black men</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Russo, Paola</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Siani, Alfonso</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Miller, Michelle A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Karanam, Sharada</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Esposito, Teresa</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gianfrancesco, Fernando</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Barba, Gianvincenzo</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Lauria, Fabio</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Strazzullo, Pasquale</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Cappuccio, Francesco</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2008-05-29</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/ATVBAHA.108.168641</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:174
Date: 2015-07-28

RIOXX

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:174</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-07-28T10:57:01Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D52:5231</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Blood pressure is the most powerful predictor of stroke and other cardiovascular events. The importance of salt (sodium chloride) intake in determining blood pressure and the incidence of hypertension is well established. Furthermore, randomised controlled clinical trials of moderate reductions in salt intake show a dose dependent cause-effect relation and lack of a threshold effect within usual levels of salt intake in populations worldwide. The effect is independent of age, sex, ethnic origin, baseline blood pressure, and body mass. &#13;
&#13;
Prospective studies,2 3 4 5 with one exception,6 also indicate that higher salt intake predicts the incidence of cardiovascular events. While widespread support exists for reducing salt intake to prevent cardiovascular disease, the lack of large and long randomised trials on the effects of salt reduction on clinical outcomes has encouraged some people to argue against a policy of salt reduction in populations.&#13;
&#13;
</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/174/1/WRAP_Cappuccio_0482983-061008-BMJ_2007_Salt_editorial.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>BMJ Publishing Group Ltd. </dc:publisher><dc:source>0959-535X</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RC</dc:subject><dc:title>Salt and cardiovascular disease</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Cappuccio, Francesco</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007-04-27</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj39175.364954.BE
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ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:173
Date: 2015-07-27

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:173</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-07-27T13:45:16Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D52:5231</setSpec>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D48:4856</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Interest, curiosity, or dismay—which feeling predominates when we learn from BBC Newsnight that our NHS employs doctors who commute from Poland to cover the out of hours duties that local GPs are unable to work because they are too tired at night? Is it interest in an innovative solution for modern pan-European healthcare provision, curiosity in discovering huge variations in the standard of living across the medical profession in an open Europe, or dismay that the government’s emphasis, that healthcare practice should be based on the best scientific evidence, is little more than lip service? &#13;
&#13;
Working continuously for a long time, particularly at night, increases the risk of making errors and causing injury, which is why many professions limit the number of hours of continuous duty. These risks also apply to the medical profession: tired doctors make mistakes that harm patients (N Engl J Med 2004;351:1838-48) and themselves&#13;
</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/173/1/WRAP_Cappuccio_0482983-061008-BMJ_2008_flying_doctor.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>BMJ Publishing Group Ltd. </dc:publisher><dc:source>0959-535X</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>HV</dc:subject><dc:title>Safety and the flying doctor</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Cappuccio, Francesco</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Lockley, Steven B.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2008-01-26</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.39468.659051.59</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:172
Date: 2015-07-27

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:172</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-07-27T13:43:36Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7374617475733D707562</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The new guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) on lipid modification for the prevention of cardiovascular disease will guide the way we assess cardiovascular risk and treat lipids, both in primary and in secondary care. What are the new aspects, and what is it that might spark controversy in this new publication?</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/172/1/WRAP_Cappuccio_0482983-061008-BMJ_2008_NICE_lipids.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>BMJ Publishing Group Ltd. </dc:publisher><dc:source>0959-535X</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:title>Commentary : controversies in NICE guidance on lipid&#13;
modification for the prevention of cardiovascular disease</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Cappuccio, Francesco</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2008-05-31</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.39580.424352.AD</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:171
Date: 2015-07-27

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:171</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-07-27T13:48:02Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Background&#13;
In Africa hypertension is common and stroke is increasing. Detection, treatment and control of high blood pressure (BP) is limited. BP can be lowered by reducing salt intake. In Africa salt is added to the food by the consumer, as processed food is rare. A population-wide approach with programmes based on health education and promotion is thus possible.&#13;
Methods&#13;
We carried out a community-based cluster randomised trial of health promotion in 1,013 participants from 12 villages (628 women, 481 rural dwellers); mean age 55 years to reduce salt intake and BP. Average BP was 125/74 mmHg and urinary sodium (UNa) 101 mmol/day. A health promotion intervention was provided over 6 months to all villages. Assessments were made at 3 and 6 months. Primary end-points were urinary sodium excretion and BP levels.&#13;
Results&#13;
There was a significant positive relationship between salt intake and both systolic (2.17 mmHg [95% CI 0.44 to 3.91] per 50 mmol of UNa per day, p &lt; 0.001) and diastolic BP (1.10 mmHg [0.08 to 1.94], p &lt; 0.001) at baseline. At six months the intervention group showed a reduction in systolic (2.54 mmHg [-1.45 to 6.54]) and diastolic (3.95 mmHg [0.78 to 7.11], p = 0.015) BP when compared to control. There was no significant change in UNa. Smaller villages showed greater reductions in UNa than larger villages (p = 0.042). Irrespective of randomisation, there was a consistent and significant relationship between change in UNa and change in systolic BP, when adjusted for confounders. A difference in 24-hour UNa of 50 mmol was associated with a lower systolic BP of 2.12 mmHg (1.03 to 3.21) at 3 months and 1.34 mmHg (0.08 to 2.60) at 6 months (both p &lt; 0.001).&#13;
Conclusion&#13;
In West Africa the lower the salt intake, the lower the BP. It would appear that a reduction in the average salt intake in the whole community may lead to a small but significant reduction in population systolic BP.&#13;
</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/171/1/WRAP_Cappuccio_0482983-061008-BMC_Pub_Health_2006_Africa.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>BioMed Central Ltd </dc:publisher><dc:source>1471-8219</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RA0421</dc:subject><dc:title>A community programme to reduce salt intake and blood pressure in Ghana &#13;
</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Cappuccio, Francesco</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kerry, Sally M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Micah, Frank B.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Plange-Rhule , Jacob</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Eastwood, John B.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2006-01-24</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-6-13
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ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:170
Date: 2015-11-11

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:170</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-11T11:44:13Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Current tools for assessing risks associated with mental-health problems require assessors to make high-level judgements based on clinical experience. This paper describes how new technologies can enhance qualitative research methods to identify lower-level cues underlying these judgements, which can be collected by people without a specialist mental-health background.&#13;
Methods and evolving results: Content analysis of interviews with 46 multidisciplinary mental-health experts exposed the cues and their interrelationships, which were represented by a mind map using software that stores maps as XML. All 46 mind maps were integrated into a single XML knowledge structure and analysed by a Lisp program to generate quantitative information about the numbers of experts associated with each part of it. The knowledge was refined by the experts, using software developed in Flash to record their collective views within the XML itself. These views specified how the XML should be transformed by XSLT, a technology for rendering XML, which resulted in a validated hierarchical knowledge structure associating patient cues with risks.&#13;
Conclusions: Changing knowledge elicitation requirements were accommodated by flexible transformations of XML data using XSLT, which also facilitated generation of multiple data-gathering tools suiting different assessment circumstances and levels of mental-health knowledge.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/170/1/WRAP_Adams_xml_medinfo_2.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Taylor &amp; Francis</dc:publisher><dc:source>1753-8157</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:title>Using XML and XSLT for flexible elicitation of mental-health risk knowledge</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Buckingham, Christopher D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ahmed, A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Adams, Ann</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007-03</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14639230601097895
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ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:169
Date: 2017-06-12

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:169</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-06-12T12:55:52Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Diarrhoea, cough and fever are the leading causes of childhood morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa.&#13;
Despite it being a determinant of mortality in many developing countries, geographical location has seldom been&#13;
considered as an explanatory factor for the large regional variations seen in the childhood morbidity attributed to&#13;
these causes in this area. The relevant data collected in two Nigerian Demographic and Health Surveys, one in&#13;
1999 and the other in 2003, have now therefore been analysed and compared. The aim was to reveal and explore&#13;
inequalities in the health of Nigerian children by mapping the spatial distribution of childhood morbidity associated&#13;
with recent diarrhoea, cough and fever and accounting for important risk factors, using a Bayesian geo-additive&#13;
model based on Markov-chain–Monte-Carlo techniques.&#13;
Although the overall prevalences of recent diarrhoea, cough and fever recorded in 1999 (among children aged ,3&#13;
years) were similar to those seen in 2003 (among children aged ,5 years), the mapping of residual spatial effects&#13;
indicated that, in each survey, the morbidity attributable to each of these causes varied, differently, at state level.&#13;
Place of birth (hospital v. other), type of feeding (breastfed only v. other), parental education, maternal visits to&#13;
antenatal clinics, household economic status, marital status of mother and place of residence were each significantly&#13;
associated with the childhood morbidity investigated. In both surveys, children from urban areas were found to&#13;
have a significantly lower risk of fever than their rural counterparts. Most other factors affecting diarrhoea, cough&#13;
and fever differed in the two surveys. The risk of developing each of these three conditions increased in the first 6–8&#13;
months after birth but then gradually declined. The analysis explained a significant share of the pronounced&#13;
residual spatial effects. Maps showing the prevalences of diarrhoea, cough and fever in young children across&#13;
Nigeria were generated during this study. Such maps should facilitate the development of policies to fulfil the&#13;
Millennium Development Goals in Nigeria and throughout sub-Saharan Africa.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/169/1/WRAP_Kandala_morb_in_children_trop_med_2008.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Maney Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>0003-4983</dc:source><dc:subject>RJ101</dc:subject><dc:title>Morbidity from diarrhoea, cough and fever among young&#13;
children in Nigeria</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Kandala, Ngianga-Bakwin</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ji, Chen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Stallard, Nigel</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Stranges, Saverio</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Cappuccio, Francesco</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2008-07</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/136485908X300797</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:164
Date: 2015-10-27

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:164</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-10-27T16:26:00Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>We survey recent research on the Soviet economy in the state, party, and military&#13;
archives of the Stalin era. The archives have provided rich new evidence on the economic&#13;
arrangements of a command system under a powerful dictator including&#13;
Stalin’s role in the making of the economic system and economic policy, Stalin’s accumulation&#13;
objectives and the constraints that limited his power to achieve them, the&#13;
limits to administrative allocation, the information flows and incentives that governed&#13;
the behavior of economic managers, the scope and significance of corruption and&#13;
market-oriented behavior, and the prospects for economic reform.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/164/1/WRAP_Harrison_jel05.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>American Economic Association</dc:publisher><dc:source>0022-0515</dc:source><dc:subject>HC</dc:subject><dc:subject>DK</dc:subject><dc:title>Allocation under dictatorship : research in Stalin’s archives</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Gregory, Paul</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Harrison, Mark</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005-09</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1257/002205105774431225
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ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:159
Date: 2017-06-12

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:159</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-06-12T12:56:11Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Recent Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) from Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) indicate a decline in&#13;
childhood vaccination coverage but a high prevalence of childhood diarrhea, cough, and fever. We used Nigerian DHS&#13;
data to investigate the impact of geographical factors and other important risk factors on diarrhea, cough, and fever using&#13;
geoadditive Bayesian semiparametric models. A higher prevalence of childhood diarrhea, cough, and fever is observed&#13;
in the northern and eastern states, while lower disease prevalence is observed in the western and southern states. In&#13;
addition, children from mothers with higher levels of education and those from poor households had a significantly lower&#13;
association with diarrhea; children delivered in hospitals, living in urban areas, or from mothers having received prenatal&#13;
visits had a significantly lower association with fever. Our maps are a novel and relevant tool to help local governments&#13;
to improve health-care interventions and achieve Millennium Development Goals (MDG4).</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/159/1/WRAP_Kandala_770.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene</dc:publisher><dc:source>0002-9637</dc:source><dc:subject>RJ101</dc:subject><dc:title>Spatial analysis of risk factors for childhood morbidity in Nigeria</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Kandala, Ngianga-Bakwin</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ji, Chen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Stallard, Nigel</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Stranges, Saverio</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Cappuccio, Francesco</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:156
Date: 2015-11-23

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:156</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-23T18:27:12Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/156/1/WRAP_Szczepura_DH_064473_1.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Centre for Health Services Studies, Warwick Business School, University of Warwick</dc:publisher><dc:subject>RA0421</dc:subject><dc:title>Assessment of the costs to the NHS arising from the need for interpreter, advocacy and translation services</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Clark, M. D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Owen, David</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Szczepura, Ala</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Johnson, Mark R. D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:150
Date: 2015-11-23

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:150</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-23T18:21:08Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This report sets out an evidence-based review on work-related health and safety issues relating to black and&#13;
minority ethnic groups. Data included available statistical materials and a systematic review of published research&#13;
and practice-based reports.&#13;
UK South Asians are generally under-represented within the most hazardous occupational groups. They have&#13;
lower accident rates overall, while Black Caribbean workers rates are similar to the general population;&#13;
Bangladeshi and Chinese workers report lowest workplace injury rates&#13;
UK South Asian people exhibit higher levels of limiting long-term illness (LLI) and self reported poor health than the&#13;
general population while Black Africans and Chinese report lower levels. Ethnic minority workers with LLI are more&#13;
likely than whites to withdraw from the workforce, or to experience lower wage rates.&#13;
Some of these findings conflict with evidence of differentials from USA, Europe and Australasia, but there is a&#13;
dearth of effective primary research or reliable monitoring data from UK sources.&#13;
There remains a need to improve monitoring and data collection relating to black and ethnic minority populations&#13;
and migrant workers. Suggestions are made relating to workshops on occupational health promotion programmes&#13;
for ethnic minorities, and ethnic minority health and safety 'Beacon' sites.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/150/1/WRAP_Szczepura_r221.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>HSE Books</dc:publisher><dc:source>0717628426</dc:source><dc:subject>RA0421</dc:subject><dc:subject>HV</dc:subject><dc:title>Review of the occupational health and safety of Britain’s ethnic minorities</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Szczepura, Ala</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gumber, Anil</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Clay, Diane</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Davies, Rhys</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Elias, Peter</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Johnson, Mark R. D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Walker, Ian</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Owen, David</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>other</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:149
Date: 2015-11-23

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:149</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-23T18:19:23Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>From individual level longitudinal data for two entire cohorts of medical students in UK universities, we use multilevel models to analyse the probability that an individual student will drop out of medical school. We find that academic preparedness—both in terms of previous subjects studied and levels of attainment therein—is the major influence on withdrawal by medical students. Additionally, males and more mature students are more likely to withdraw than females or younger students respectively. We find evidence that the factors influencing the decision to transfer course differ from those affecting the decision to drop out for other reasons. </dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/149/1/WRAP_Arulampalam_dp333.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.0964-1998.2003.00717.x</dc:relation><dc:source>0964-1998</dc:source><dc:subject>LC5201</dc:subject><dc:subject>HB</dc:subject><dc:title>A hazard model of the probability of medical school dropout in the United Kingdom</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Arulampalam, Wiji</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Naylor, Robin Andrew</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Smith, Jeremy</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2001-07</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:147
Date: 2015-10-27

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:147</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-10-27T16:21:21Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Australia had one of the highest per capita incomes in the world in the late nineteenth century, although this exceptional position subsequently eroded over time. This paper compares national income and sectoral labour productivity in Australia and the UK between 1861 and 1948 to uncover the underlying sources of Australia's high income and the reasons for its subsequent relative decline. We find that the country's higher per capita income was due primarily to higher labour productivity, because labour force participation, although higher in Australia than in the USA, was lower than in the UK. Australia had a substantial labour productivity lead in agriculture throughout the period, due to the importance of high value-added, non-arable farming, and a smaller lead in industry before World War I. The early productivity lead in industry was largely based on the importance of mining, and disappeared as manufacturing became more important. There was little productivity difference in services. These results reaffirm the importance of Australia's successful exploitation of its natural resource endowments in explaining the country's high initial income.</dc:description><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/147/1/</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell</dc:publisher><dc:source>0013-0249</dc:source><dc:subject>HB</dc:subject><dc:title>Lost exceptionalism? : comparative income and productivity in Australia and the United Kingdom, 1861-1948</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Broadberry, Stephen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Irwin, Douglas A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007-09-14</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4932.2007.00413.x
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ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:143
Date: 2015-11-23

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:143</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-23T18:18:48Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D52:524D</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Aim: In premenopausal women, hyper-androgenicity is associated with central obesity and an increased cardiovascular risk. We investigated the effects of dydrogesterone (DYD)(a non-androgenic progestogen) and norethisterone (NET)(an androgenic progestogen) on lipoprotein lipase (LPL), hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) and glycerol release in adipocytes isolated from subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue. Methods: Adipose tissue was obtained from 12 non-diabetic women, mean age 51 years (range 37-78) and mean BMI 25.4kg/m2 (range 20.3-26.4). Adipocytes were treated with increasing doses of DYD and NET for 48 hours prior to protein extraction. Effects on lipogenesis and lipolysis were assessed using western blotting to determine the expression of key enzymes, LPL (56kDa) and HSL (84kDa) respectively. Measurement of glycerol release into the medium provided an assessment of lipolytic activity. Results: Expression of LPL was increased by DYD and NET (mean protein expression relative to control ± SEM); with greatest effect at 10-8M for DYD: 2.32±0.51(p&lt;0.01) and 10-8M for NET: 2.06±0.19(p&lt;0.01). In contrast, HSL expression was reduced by all concentrations of DYD, with maximal effect at 10-9M: 0.49±0.02(p&lt;0.001). NET reduced HSL expression at all concentrations from 10-9M: 0.62±0.06(p&lt;0.001) to 10-7M: 0.69±0.08(p&lt;0.001). Glycerol measurements supported the HSL expression studies(p&gt;0.05). Conclusions: DYD and NET significantly increased LPL expression relative to control whilst significantly reducing HSL expression. At the concentrations studied, similar effects were observed with the androgenic NET and the non-androgenic DYD despite differing effects on the lipid profile when taken&#13;
in combination with estrogen. Further work in this area may improve knowledge about the effects of different progestogens on body fat distribution and enable progestogen use to be tailored to the individual to achieve maximal benefits.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/143/1/WRAP_Kumar_2007_-_Post-print_version_Dydrogesterone_and_norethisterone_regulate.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/118491434/HTMLSTART</dc:relation><dc:source>1462-8902</dc:source><dc:subject>RM</dc:subject><dc:title>Dydrogesterone and norethisterone regulate expression of lipoprotein lipase and hormones-sensitive lipase in human subcutaneous abdominal adipocytes</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Palin, S. L.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>McTernan, P. G.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>McGee, K. C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Sturdee, D. W.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Barnett, A. H.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kumar, Sudhesh</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007-01-23</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AO</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-1326.2006.00680.x
</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:134
Date: 2015-11-23

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:134</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-23T18:30:52Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Reducing the waits in emergency departments is important for patients&#13;
and is a government priority. In order to reduce waits the whole&#13;
system must be considered. The flow of patients before arrival at the&#13;
emergency department determines the workload of the department.&#13;
The staffing, resources and systems within the emergency department&#13;
are key to providing high quality timely care. The flow of patients after&#13;
leaving the emergency department until their return home will&#13;
determine whether they can be discharged from the department in a&#13;
timely manner. Despite the present focus on emergency care in the&#13;
NHS there have been no reviews of the literature to inform the present&#13;
changes to reduce waits.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/134/1/WRAP_Szczepura_29-final-report.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>[National Co-ordinating Centre for NHS Service Delivery and Organisation R &amp; D (NCCSDO)]</dc:publisher><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:title>Reducing attendances and waits in emergency departments : a systematic review of present innovations</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Cooke, Matthew</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Fisher, Joanne</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dale, Jeremy</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>McLeod, Eileen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Szczepura, Ala</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Walley, Paul</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Wilson, Sue</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004-01</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>other</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:133
Date: 2015-11-23

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:133</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-23T18:15:10Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>27. In summary, the overall evaluation of the UK Pilot has demonstrated that key parameters of test and programme performance observed in randomised studies of FOBt screening can be repeated in population-based pilot programmes. However, our study provides strong evidence of very low CRC screening uptake for ethnic groups in the Pilot area. This is coupled with a very low uptake of colonoscopy for individuals from ethnic groups with a positive FOBt result.&#13;
28. It has long been acknowledged that a diverse population may require diverse responses. Following the implementation of the Race Relations Amendment Act 2000, there has been a statutory duty laid upon all NHS agencies to ‘have due regard to the need to eliminate unlawful discrimination’, and to make explicit consideration of the implications for racial equality of every action or policy.&#13;
29. Because the observed overall outcomes in the UK Pilot generally compare favourably with the results of previous randomised trials of FOBt screening, the main Evaluation Group has concluded that benefits observed in the trials should be repeatable in a national roll-out.&#13;
30. However, our study indicates that any national colorectal cancer screening programme would need to very carefully consider the implications of ethnicity for roll-out, and develop a strategic plan on how best to accommodate this at both a national and local level. Based on our findings, consideration will clearly need to be given to improved access and screening service provision for ethnic minorities.&#13;
31. In order to ensure adequate CRC screening provision for a diverse UK population, and to address the explicit implications for racial equality highlighted by our findings, interventions now urgently need to be evaluated to improve access for ethnic minorities. This work should be undertaken as part of the second round of CRC screening currently underway in the English Pilot.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/133/1/WRAP_Szczepura_ethnicity-finalreport.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>[Department of Health]</dc:publisher><dc:subject>RC0254</dc:subject><dc:subject>RA0421</dc:subject><dc:title>Ethnicity : UK colorectal cancer screening pilot : final report</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Szczepura, Ala</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Johnson, Mark R. D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Orbell, Sheina</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gumber, Anil</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>O'Sullivan, I.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Clay, Diane</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Owen, David</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>HASH(0x55eac6091460)</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>other</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:132
Date: 2015-03-11

RIOXX

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:132</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-03-11T10:39:28Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The world of the alehouse and tavern in early modern England has generally been&#13;
regarded as primarily male, a view that was deeply embedded in the period itself.&#13;
This essay explores the place of women within the public house, in serving, buying&#13;
and consuming alcohol, and the unwritten conventions that underpinned social&#13;
practice. It argues that while some female customers matched their contemporary&#13;
image, as disorderly, immoral and dishonest, it was also possible for respectable&#13;
women to visit a tavern or alehouse without risking their good name, provided they&#13;
adhered to the conventions. Middling-sort and elite women might drink and dine in&#13;
London taverns with their husbands, or in mixed parties; throughout England married&#13;
couples, and mixed groups of young folk, might drink, dance, and socialise; marketwomen&#13;
might assemble at the end of the day, and chapwomen often lodged overnight.&#13;
And, at least in London, respectable women might enter a public house alone, by&#13;
day, without meeting disapproval. Many establishments provided private as well as&#13;
public rooms, and these created social spaces for female customers, couples and&#13;
mixed parties, serving different needs than those met within the main public space.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/132/2/WRAP_Capp_Gender_and_the_Culture_of_the_English_Alehouse.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Collegium</dc:publisher><dc:source>1796-2986</dc:source><dc:subject>HQ</dc:subject><dc:subject>HN</dc:subject><dc:subject>DA</dc:subject><dc:title>Gender and the culture of the English alehouse in late Stuart England</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Capp, B. S.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:130
Date: 2017-08-29

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:130</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-08-29T09:18:45Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Background: A substantial proportion of patients with whiplash injuries develop chronic&#13;
symptoms. However, the best treatment of acute injuries to prevent long-term problems is&#13;
uncertain. A stepped care treatment pathway has been proposed, in which patients are given advice&#13;
and education at their initial visit to the emergency department (ED), followed by review at three&#13;
weeks and physiotherapy for those with persisting symptoms. MINT is a two-stage randomised&#13;
controlled trial to evaluate two components of such a pathway: 1. use of The Whiplash Book versus&#13;
usual advice when patients first attend the emergency department; 2. referral to physiotherapy&#13;
versus reinforcement of advice for patients with continuing symptoms at three weeks.&#13;
Methods: Evaluation of the Whiplash Book versus usual advice uses a cluster randomised design&#13;
in emergency departments of eight NHS Trusts. Eligible patients are identified by clinicians in&#13;
participating emergency departments and are sent a study questionnaire within a week of their ED&#13;
attendance. Three thousand participants will be included. Patients with persisting symptoms three&#13;
weeks after their ED attendance are eligible to join an individually randomised study of&#13;
physiotherapy versus reinforcement of the advice given in ED. Six hundred participants will be&#13;
randomised. Follow-up is at 4, 8 and 12 months after their ED attendance. Primary outcome is the&#13;
Neck Disability Index (NDI), and secondary outcomes include quality of life and time to return to&#13;
work and normal activities. An economic evaluation is being carried out.&#13;
Conclusion: This paper describes the protocol and operational aspects of a complex intervention&#13;
trial based in NHS emergency and physiotherapy departments, evaluating two components of a&#13;
stepped-care approach to the treatment of whiplash injuries. The trial uses two randomisations,&#13;
with the first stage being cluster randomised and the second individually randomised.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/130/2/WRAP_Szczepura_1471-2474-8-7.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Biomed central</dc:publisher><dc:source>1471-2474</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:title>Managing Injuries of the Neck Trial (MINT) : design of a randomised&#13;
controlled trial of treatments for whiplash associated disorders</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Lamb, S. E. (Sallie E.)</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gates, Simon</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Underwood, M. (Martin) M.D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Cooke, Matthew (Professor of clinical systems design)</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ashby, Deborah</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Szczepura, Ala</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Williams, Mark A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Williamson, Esther M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Withers, Emma J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Isa, Shahrul Mt </rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gumber, Anil</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007-01-26</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2474-8-7</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:127
Date: 2015-11-23

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:127</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-23T18:16:02Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>• The aim of the present study was to identify and review the available&#13;
research evidence on 'ethnicity and communication' in areas relevant to&#13;
ensuring effective provision of mainstream services (e.g. via interpreter,&#13;
advocacy and translation services); provision of services targeted on&#13;
communication (e.g. speech and language therapy, counselling,&#13;
psychotherapy); consensual/ participatory activities (e.g. consent to&#13;
interventions), and; procedures for managing and planning for linguistic&#13;
diversity.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/127/1/WRAP_Szczepura_communicationsreview.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>[University of Warwick]</dc:publisher><dc:source>0953543048</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RA0421</dc:subject><dc:title>An overview of the research evidence on ethnicity and communication in healthcare</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Szczepura, Ala</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Johnson, Mark R. D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gumber, Anil</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jones, Kip</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Clay, Diane</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Shaw, A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>HASH(0x55eac608a0d8)</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005-10</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>other</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:126
Date: 2017-03-01

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:126</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-03-01T22:11:43Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>In this paper we conduct a Monte Carlo study to determine the power of&#13;
Pearson’s overall goodness-of-fit test as well as the “Pearson analog” tests (see&#13;
Anderson (1994)) to detect rejections due to shifts in variance, skewness and kurtosis,&#13;
as we vary the number and location of the partition points. Simulations are conducted&#13;
for small and moderate sample sizes. While it is generally recommended that to&#13;
improve the power of the goodness-of-fit test the partition points are equiprobable, we&#13;
find that power can be improved by the use of non-equiprobable partitions.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/126/1/WRAP_Smith_Jeremy_twerp694.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>University of Warwick, Department of Economics</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/ETC-200040782</dc:relation><dc:subject>HB</dc:subject><dc:title>The sensitivity of chi-squared goodness-of-fit tests to the partitioning of data</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Smith, Jeremy (Jeremy P.)</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:123
Date: 2015-10-27

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:123</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-10-27T16:21:14Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D48:4842</setSpec>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D48:4841</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>We solve a class of two-dimensional screening problems in which one&#13;
dimension has the standard features, while the other dimension is impossible to exaggerate and enters the agent's utility only through the message&#13;
but not the true type. Natural applications are procurement and regulation where the producer's ability to produce quality and his costs of&#13;
producing quantity are both unknown; or selling to a budget constrained&#13;
buyer. We show that under these assumptions, the orthogonal incentive constraints are necessary and sufficient for the full set of incentive&#13;
constraints. Provided that types are affiliated and all the conditional distributions of types have monotonic inverse hazard rates, the solution is&#13;
fully separating in both dimensions.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/123/1/WRAP_Szalay_twerp_802.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>University of Warwick, Department of Economics</dc:publisher><dc:subject>HB</dc:subject><dc:subject>HA</dc:subject><dc:title>Multidimensional screening, affliation, and full&#13;
separation</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Szalay, Dezsö</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Blackorby, Charles</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:112
Date: 2015-07-17

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:112</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-07-17T10:18:28Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D51:514B</setSpec>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D51:5148</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The cellular import of the hormone auxin is a fundamental requirement for the generation of auxin gradients which control a multitude of plant developmental processes. The AUX/LAX family of auxin importers, exemplified by AUX1 from Arabidopsis thaliana, has been shown to mediate auxin import when expressed heterologously. The quantitative nature of the interaction between AUX1 and its transport substrate indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) is incompletely understood and we sought to address this in the present investigation. We expressed AUX1 to high levels in a baculovirus expression system and prepared membrane fragments from baculovirus-infected insect cells. These membranes proved suitable for determination of the binding of IAA to AUX1 and enabled us to determine a Kd of 2.6 µM, comparable with estimates for the Km for IAA transport. The efficacy of a number of auxin analogues and auxin transport inhibitors to displace IAA binding from AUX1 has also been determined and can be rationalized in terms of their physiological effects. Determination of the parameters describing the initial interaction between a plant transporter and its hormone ligand provides novel quantitative data for modelling auxin fluxes.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>American Society of Plant Biologists</dc:publisher><dc:source>0032-0889</dc:source><dc:subject>QK</dc:subject><dc:subject>QH</dc:subject><dc:title>The binding of auxin to the Arabidopsis auxin influxtransporter, AUX1 </dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Carrier, David J. </rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bakar, Norliza Tendot Abu </rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Swarup, Ranjan </rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Callaghan, Richard </rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Napier, R. (Richard)</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bennett, Malcolm J. </rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kerr, Ian D. </rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2008-07-09</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.108.122044
</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:109
Date: 2017-06-01

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:109</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-06-01T14:48:59Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D52:5231</setSpec>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D52:5247</setSpec>
      <setSpec>74797065733D61727469636C65</setSpec>
      <setSpec>636F6C6C656374696F6E3D77726170</setSpec></header>
    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Background: ‘‘Referral’’ characterises a significant area of interaction between primary and secondary care.&#13;
Despite advantages, it can be inflexible, and may lead to duplication.&#13;
Objective: To examine the outcomes of an integrated model that lends weight to general practitioner (GP)-led&#13;
evidence based care.&#13;
Design: A prospective, non-random comparison of two services: women attending the new (Bridges) pathway&#13;
compared with those attending a consultant-led one-stop menstrual clinic (OSMC). Patients’ views were&#13;
examined using patient career diaries, health and clinical outcomes, and resource utilisation. Follow-up was&#13;
for 8 months.&#13;
Setting: A large teaching hospital and general practices within one primary care trust (PCT).&#13;
Results: Between March 2002 and June 2004, 99 women in the Bridges pathway were compared with 94&#13;
women referred to the OSMC by GPs from non-participating PCTs. The patient career diary demonstrated a&#13;
significant improvement in the Bridges group for patient information, fitting in at the point of arrangements&#13;
made for the patient to attend hospital (ease of access) (p,0.001), choice of doctor (p = 0.020), waiting time&#13;
for an appointment (p,0.001), and less ‘‘limbo’’ (patient experience of non-coordination between primary&#13;
and secondary care) (p,0.001). At 8 months there were no significant differences between the two groups in&#13;
surgical and medical treatment rates or in the use of GP clinic appointments. Significantly fewer (traditional)&#13;
hospital outpatient appointments were made in the Bridges group than in the OSMC group (p,0.001).&#13;
Conclusion: A general practice-led model of integrated care can significantly reduce outpatient attendance&#13;
while improving patient experience, and maintaining the quality of care.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/109/2/WRAP_Szczepura_Menstrual_disorders_-_Quality_in_Health_Care_paper-published.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>BMJ</dc:publisher><dc:source>1475-3898</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RG</dc:subject><dc:title>An integrated care pathway for menorrhagia across the primary–secondary interface : patients' experience, clinical outcomes, and service utilisation</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Julian, Sophia </rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Naftalin, Nicholas J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Clark, M. D. (Michael D.)</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Szczepura, Ala</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Rashid, Aly </rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Baker, Richard</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Taub, Nicholas </rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Habiba, Marwan </rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/qshc.2005.016782</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:105
Date: 2015-11-23

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:105</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-23T18:31:49Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D52:5243</setSpec>
      <setSpec>74797065733D61727469636C65</setSpec>
      <setSpec>636F6C6C656374696F6E3D77726170</setSpec></header>
    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Background: Delivering high quality and evidence based healthcare to deprived sectors of the community is a major goal for society. We investigated the effectiveness of a culturally sensitive enhanced care package in UK general practice in improving cardiovascular risk factors in South Asian patients with type 2 diabetes.&#13;
Methods: 21 inner city practices were randomised to intervention (enhanced practice nurse time, link worker and diabetes specialist nurse support) (n=868) or control (standard care) (n=618) groups. Prescribing algorithms with clearly defined targets were provided for all practices. Main outcome measures comprised changes in blood pressure, total cholesterol and glycaemic control (HbA1c) after 2 years.&#13;
Findings: At baseline, groups were similar with respect to age, sex and cardiovascular risk factors.&#13;
Comparing treatment groups, after adjustment for confounders, and clustering, differences in diastolic blood pressure (1.91mmHg, P=0.0001) and mean arterial pressure (1.36mmHg, P=0.0180) were significant. There were no significant differences between groups for total cholesterol or HbA1c. Economic analysis indicates the nurse-led intervention was not cost-effective.&#13;
Across the whole study population systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and cholesterol decreased significantly by 4.9mmHg, 3.8mmHg and 0.45mmol/L respectively, but there was no change in HbA1c.&#13;
Interpretation: Additional, although limited, benefits were observed from our culturally enhanced care package over and above the secular changes achieved in the UK in recent years. Stricter targets in general practice and further measures to motivate patients are needed to maximise healthcare outcomes in South Asian patients with diabetes.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/105/1/WRAP_Sczepura_Manuscript-UKADS-Lancet-Final-18Mar2008.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140673608607643/fulltext</dc:relation><dc:source>0140-6736</dc:source><dc:subject>RC</dc:subject><dc:title>Effectiveness of enhanced diabetes care to patients of South Asian ethnicity : the United Kingdom Asian Diabetes Study (UKADS) : a cluster randomised controlled trial</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bellary, S.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>O'Hare, J. Paul</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Raymond, Neil T.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gumber, Anil</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mughal, S.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Szczepura, Ala</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kumar, Sudhesh</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Barnett, A. H.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>HASH(0x55eac5cb4e00)</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2008</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(08)60764-3</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:97
Date: 2015-11-23

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:97</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-23T18:30:42Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The study of the Reformation has arguably never been in better shape, as new books and articles appear with dizzying regularity. The current rude good health of the subject can be substantiated by a few minutes spent with the catalog of the British Library. A title keyword search under “Reformation” produces 490 items for the 1960s, dipping to 449 for the 1970s. But in the 1980s, this shoots up to 656 and remains at almost exactly that level through the 1990s. In the new century up to the end of 2007, no fewer than 563 books with the word “Reformation” in the title have been published and deposited at the British Library. Moreover, the concerns of Reformation history and theology are now regularly cropping up in places where they have not been much in evidence before: in art history, musicology, and literary studies, for example. To point to just one particular case, the study of William Shakespeare—always a reliable barometer of Anglo‐American cultural and academic preoccupations—has taken a decidedly religious turn over recent years, in which questions of the meaning and impact of the Reformation are very much to the fore.1 The collective problem faced by students of the Reformation, if indeed we have a problem, is not therefore one of nurturing a tender and precarious plant, struggling to thrive in stony and unyielding historical soil. Rather, it is the challenge of maintaining order and coherence in a large and untidy garden, alive with luxuriant foliage, periodic colorful blooms, and a smattering of undesirable weeds.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/97/1/WRAP_Marshall_redefining.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>University of Chicago Press</dc:publisher><dc:source>0021-9371</dc:source><dc:subject>BR</dc:subject><dc:subject>DA</dc:subject><dc:title>(Re)defining the English Reformation</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Marshall, Peter</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2009-07</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AO</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/600128
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ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:96
Date: 2017-09-13

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:96</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-13T11:59:37Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Background: There is a growing policy imperative to promote positive mental health as well as preventing the development of mental health problems in children. This paper summarises the results of published systematic reviews evaluating interventions to promote mental health and prevent mental illness in children.&#13;
Method: A search was undertaken of ten electronic databases using a combination of medical subject headings (MeSH) and free text searches. Systematic reviews covering mental health promotion or mental illness prevention interventions aimed at infants, children or young people up to age 19 were included. Reviews of drug and alcohol prevention programmes or programmes to prevent childhood abuse and neglect were excluded because these have been the subject of recent good quality reviews of reviews. Critical appraisal of all studies was undertaken using a standardised appraisal tool for systematic reviews. Where possible effect sizes and 95% confidence intervals are reported. A narrative summary has been provided.&#13;
Results: A total of 27 systematic reviews were included and grouped pragmatically under the following headings: parenting interventions; programmes for the prevention of anxiety and depression, programmes to promote self esteem, violence and aggression prevention programmes, school-based programmes, and general reviews. Included studies targeted a range of risk and protective factors, and a range of populations (including both parents and children). While, many lacked methodological rigour, overall, the evidence is strongly suggestive of the effectiveness of a range of interventions in promoting positive mental well-being, and reducing key risk factors for mental illness in children.&#13;
Conclusion: A variety of programmes have been shown to be effective in promoting children’s mental health, albeit with modest effect sizes. Based on this evidence, arguments are advanced for the preferential provision of early preventive programmes.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/96/1/Wrap_Barlow_Journal_of_Public_Helath_Medicine_paper.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Pavilion</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.pavpub.com/pavpub/journals/jpmh/samples/0307sample.pdf</dc:relation><dc:relation>http://webcat.warwick.ac.uk/record=b2152600~S15</dc:relation><dc:source>1746-5729</dc:source><dc:subject>HQ</dc:subject><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:subject>RJ101</dc:subject><dc:title>A systematic review of reviews of interventions to promote mental health and prevent mental health problems in children and young people</dc:title><rioxxterms:apc>not required</rioxxterms:apc><rioxxterms:author>Tennant, Ruth</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Goens, Cristina</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Barlow, Jane</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Day, Crispin</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Stewart-Brown, Sarah L.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007-03</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:95
Date: 2017-09-13

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:95</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-13T12:10:20Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Objective To test the effectiveness at one year of the Webster Stratton Parents and Children Series group parenting programme in a population sample of parents&#13;
Design multicentre block randomised controlled trial&#13;
Setting 3 urban General Practices in Oxford.&#13;
Participants Parents of children aged 2-8 years in 116 families who scored in the upper 50% on a behaviour inventory.&#13;
Intervention Webster-Stratton’s 10-week parenting programme led by health visitors.&#13;
Outcome measures. Eyberg Child Behaviour Inventory, Goodman Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, General Health Questionnaire, Parenting Stress Index, Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale. Qualitative interviews with volunteer parents from both intervention and control groups immediately post intervention.&#13;
Results The intervention significantly reduced child behaviour problems and improved mental health at immediate and 6-month follow-ups. One-year differences between control and intervention groups were not significant. Possible methodological reasons for this are: Hawthorne effects and contamination of control group. At interview parents spoke of a need for further sessions and a desire for attendance by both parents. They also described how, as a result of the programme, they had gained in confidence,&#13;
felt less stressed, shouted less and achieved more cooperation from their children.&#13;
Conclusions Parenting programmes have the potential to promote mental health and reduce social inequalities, but further work is needed to improve long-term effectiveness.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/95/1/Wrap_Barlow_Archives__paper.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>BMJ</dc:publisher><dc:source>0003-9888</dc:source><dc:subject>HQ</dc:subject><dc:subject>RJ101</dc:subject><dc:title>Impact of a general practice based group parenting programme on the mental health of children and parents 12 months post intervention : quantitative and qualitative results from a controlled trial</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2003-10-02</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author>Stewart-Brown, Sarah L.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Patterson, Jacoby</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mockford, Carole</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Barlow, Jane</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Klimes, Ivana</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Pyper, Cecilia</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:project funder_name="NHS Executive"/><rioxxterms:project funder_name="Department of Health" funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100000276"/><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004-06</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/adc.2003.028365</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:93
Date: 2017-02-02

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:93</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-02-02T08:50:20Z</datestamp>
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      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D48:4851</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Objectives – To evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of an intensive home visiting programme in improving outcomes for vulnerable families.&#13;
Design – Multicentre randomised controlled trial in which eligible women were allocated to receive home visiting (n=67) or standard services (n=64). Incremental cost analysis.&#13;
Setting – 40 GP practices across two counties in the UK&#13;
Participants – 131 vulnerable pregnant women.&#13;
Intervention: Selected health visitors were trained in the Family Partnership Model to provide a weekly home visiting service from 6-months antenatally to 12 months postnatally.&#13;
Main outcome measures – mother-child interaction, maternal psychological health attitudes and behaviour, infant functioning and development, and risk of neglect or abuse.&#13;
Results – At 12-months differences favouring the home visited group were observed on an independent assessment of maternal sensitivity (p&lt;0.04) and infant cooperativeness (p&lt;0.02). No differences were identified on any other measures. There was a non-significant increase in the likelihood of intervention group infants being the subject of child protection proceedings, or being removed from the home, and one death in the control group. The mean incremental cost per infant of the home visiting intervention was £3,246 (bootstrapped 95% confidence interval for the difference: £1,645 - £4,803).&#13;
Conclusion – This intervention may have the potential to improve parenting and increase the identification of infants at risk of abuse and neglect in vulnerable families. Further investigation is needed together with long term follow up to assess possible sleeper effects.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/93/1/WRAP_Barlow_Archives_paper_-_Final_revised_July_2006.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>BMJ</dc:publisher><dc:source>0003-9888</dc:source><dc:subject>HQ</dc:subject><dc:subject>RJ101</dc:subject><dc:title>Role of home visiting in improving parenting and health in families at risk of abuse and neglect : results of a multicentre randomised controlled trial and economic evaluation</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Barlow, Jane</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Davis , Hilton</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>McIntosh, Emma</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jarrett, Patricia</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mockford, Carole</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Stewart-Brown, Sarah L.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AO</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/adc.2006.095117</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:91
Date: 2017-09-20

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:91</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-20T10:27:56Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Children do not necessarily disbelieve a speaker with a history of inaccuracy; they take into account reasons for errors. Three- to 5 year-olds (N = 97) aimed to identify a hidden target in collaboration with a puppet. The puppet’s history of inaccuracy arose either from false beliefs, or occurred despite his being fully informed. On a subsequent test trial, children’s realistic expectation about the target was contradicted by the puppet who was fully informed. Children were more likely to revise their belief in line with the puppet’s assertion when his previous errors were due to false beliefs. Children who explained this puppet’s prior inaccuracy in terms of false belief were more likely to believe the puppet than those who did not. As children’s understanding of the mind advances, they increasingly balance the risk of learning falsehoods from unreliable speakers against that of rejecting truths from speakers who made excusable errors.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/91/1/WRAP_Robinson_and_Nurmsoo_2008.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/08852014</dc:relation><dc:source>0885-2014</dc:source><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:title>When do children learn from unreliable speakers?</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Robinson, Elizabeth J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Nurmsoo, Erika</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2009-01</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cogdev.2008.08.001</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:90
Date: 2016-07-28

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:90</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-07-28T16:13:37Z</datestamp>
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      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D48:4846</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Quantile forecasts are central to risk management decisions because of the widespread&#13;
use of Value-at-Risk. A quantile forecast is the product of two factors: the model used to&#13;
forecast volatility, and the method of computing quantiles from the volatility forecasts. In&#13;
this paper we calculate and evaluate quantile forecasts of the daily exchange rate returns&#13;
of five currencies. The forecasting models that have been used in recent analyses of the&#13;
predictability of daily realized volatility permit a comparison of the predictive power of&#13;
different measures of intraday variation and intraday returns in forecasting exchange rate&#13;
variability. The methods of computing quantile forecasts include making distributional&#13;
assumptions for future daily returns as well as using the empirical distribution of predicted&#13;
standardized returns with both rolling and recursive samples. Our main findings are that the&#13;
Heterogenous Autoregressive model provides more accurate volatility and quantile forecasts&#13;
for currencies which experience shifts in volatility, such as the Canadian dollar, and that&#13;
the use of the empirical distribution to calculate quantiles can improve forecasts when there&#13;
are shifts.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/90/1/WRAP_Clements_-cgkv_jempfin_r1.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>0927-5398</dc:source><dc:subject>HF</dc:subject><dc:subject>HB</dc:subject><dc:title>Quantile forecasts of daily exchange rate returns from&#13;
forecasts of realized volatility</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Clements, Michael P.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Galvão, Ana Beatriz</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kim, Jae H.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2008</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AO</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jempfin.2007.12.001
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ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:89
Date: 2015-10-27

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:89</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-10-27T16:21:13Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper explores how to optimally set taxes and transfers when taxation authorities:&#13;
(1) are uninformed about individuals’ value of time in both market and non-market activities&#13;
and (2) can observe both market-income and time allocated to market employment. We&#13;
show that optimal redistribution in this environment involves distorting market employment&#13;
upwards for low wage individuals through decreasing wage-contingent employment subsidies,&#13;
and distorting employment downwards for high wage individuals through positive and increasing&#13;
marginal income tax rates. In particular, we show that whether a person is taxed&#13;
or subsidized depends primarily on his wage, with the optimal program involving a cut-off&#13;
wage whereby workers above the cutoff are taxed as they increase their income, while workers&#13;
earning a wage below the cutoff receive an income supplement as they increase their income.&#13;
Finally, we show that the optimal program transfers zero income to individuals who choose&#13;
not to work.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/89/1/WRAP_Szalay_redist22.08_07.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>Unpublished</dc:source><dc:subject>HC</dc:subject><dc:subject>HD</dc:subject><dc:title>Taxes and employment subsidies in optimal redistribution programs</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Beaudry, Paul</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Blackorby, Charles</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Szalay, Dezsö</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:88
Date: 2015-11-23

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:88</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-23T18:24:57Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>From a unique data-set identifying the school attended prior to university for a full cohort of UK university students, we examine the determinants of final degree classification.&#13;
We exploit the detailed school-level information and focus on the influence of school characteristics,&#13;
such as school type, on subsequent performance of students at university. We&#13;
estimate that, on average, a male (female) graduate who attended an Independent school&#13;
is 6.5 (5.4) percentage points less likely to obtain a `good' degree than is a student who&#13;
attended an LEA (that is, state-sector) school, ceteris paribus. We also find considerable&#13;
variation around this average figure across different Independent schools. We find that, for&#13;
males, the variation in the probability of attaining a `good' degree across schools can largely&#13;
be explained by the level of school fees.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/88/1/WRAP_Smith_Jeremy_twerp657.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>University of Warwick. Dept. of Economics</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleListURL&amp;_method=list&amp;_ArticleListID=752909497&amp;_sort=d&amp;view=c&amp;_acct=C000029838&amp;_version=1&amp;_urlVersion=0&amp;_userid=585204&amp;md5=a9d5022a08ec8e5d079030147a9b863a</dc:relation><dc:subject>HC</dc:subject><dc:subject>LC5201</dc:subject><dc:title>Schooling effects on subsequent university performance : evidence for the UK university population</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Naylor, Robin Andrew</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Smith, Jeremy</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2002-11-11</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:87
Date: 2015-11-23

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:87</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-23T18:19:24Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>From individual-level data for nine entire cohorts of undergraduate students in UK&#13;
universities, we estimate the probability that an individual will drop out of university during&#13;
their first-year. We examine the 1984-85 to 1992-93 cohorts of students enrolling full-time for&#13;
a three or four-year course, and focus on the sensitivity of the probability of withdrawal to the&#13;
individual’s prior qualifications relative to those of the other students in their university course.&#13;
We show not only that weaker students are more likely to withdraw but also that the extent of&#13;
variation in prior qualifications within the student’s university degree course exerts an&#13;
influence on the individual's probability of withdrawal in a way that varies with the individual’s&#13;
own in-class rank.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/87/1/WRAP_Smith_Jeremy_dp655.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.econedurev.2004.05.007</dc:relation><dc:subject>LC5201</dc:subject><dc:title>Effects of in-class variation and student rank on the probability of withdrawal : cross-section and time-series analysis for UK university students</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Arulampalam, Wiji</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Naylor, Robin Andrew</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Smith, Jeremy</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2002-11</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:84
Date: 2017-09-25

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:84</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-25T08:56:13Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper provides a comparative account of two conceptualisations of pleasure. The first draws on Foucault's analysis of bio-power. The second provides a phenomenological account where pleasure is viewed as an aspect of our immediate consciousness. These conceptualizations are illuminated through an analysis of employees’ accounts of learning at work. Overall, the paper demonstrates how, in a Foucauldian analysis, pleasure disappears as it becomes a cipher for power whereas within the phenomenological account pleasure is foregrounded but power disappears. The concluding section focuses on the problems of both conceptualizations and explores whether we should simply accept that different analytical frameworks do different work for us or whether we should be more concerned at the losses, and gains, associated with theoretical choices. The conclusion further asks whether a concern to foreground pleasure in accounts of learning represents an antidote to the pessimism of much critical analysis or whether we should treat pleasure as a morally duplicitous category that encourages political apathy.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/84/1/WRAP_Hughes_The_Pleasures_of_Learning_at_Work.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Taylor and Francis</dc:publisher><dc:source>0142-5692</dc:source><dc:subject>B1</dc:subject><dc:subject>HM</dc:subject><dc:title>The pleasures of learning at work : Foucault and phenomenology compared</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Hughes, Christina</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007-05</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01425690701253430</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:83
Date: 2017-09-25

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description> &#13;
&#13;
</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/83/1/WRAP_Hughes_Future_of_Method.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Taylor and Francis</dc:publisher><dc:source>0142-5692</dc:source><dc:subject>LB</dc:subject><dc:subject>HM</dc:subject><dc:title>Rethinking research</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Hughes, Christina</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007-11</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01425690701610225</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:82
Date: 2015-10-27

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:82</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-10-27T16:22:43Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>I discuss the use of simulation techniques to evaluate unilateral effects of horizontal mergers and&#13;
the pitfalls that one can encounter when using them. Simple econometric models are desirable&#13;
because they can be implemented in a short period of time and can be understood by non experts.&#13;
Unfortunately, their predictions are often misleading. Complex models are more reliable but they&#13;
require more time to implement and are less transparent. The use of merger simulations and the&#13;
sensitivity of predictions to modeling choices is illustrated with an application to mergers in the UK&#13;
brewing industry. There have been a number of brewing mergers that have changed the structure&#13;
of the UK market, as well as proposed but unconsummated mergers that would have had even&#13;
more profound effects. I assess two of them: the successful merger between Scottish&amp;Newcastle and&#13;
Courage and the proposed merger between Bass and Carlsberg–Tetley.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/82/1/WRAP_Slade_twerp_767.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>University of Warwick, Department of Economics</dc:publisher><dc:subject>HC</dc:subject><dc:subject>HD</dc:subject><dc:title>Merger simulations of unilateral effects : what can we learn from the UK brewing industry?</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Slade, Margaret E.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2006-10</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:81
Date: 2015-10-27

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:81</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-10-27T16:21:13Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>We develop methods and employ similar sample restrictions to analyse differences in intergenerational&#13;
earnings mobility across the United States, the United Kingdom, Denmark, Finland,&#13;
Norway and Sweden. We examine earnings mobility among pairs of fathers and sons as well&#13;
as fathers and daughters using both mobility matrices and regression and correlation coefficients.&#13;
Our results suggest that all countries exhibit substantial earnings persistence across&#13;
generations, but with statistically significant differences across countries. Mobility is lower in&#13;
the U.S. than in the U.K., where it is lower again compared to the Nordic countries. Persistence&#13;
is greatest in the tails of the distributions and tends to be particularly high in the upper&#13;
tails: though in the U.S. this is reversed with a particularly high likelihood that sons of the&#13;
poorest fathers will remain in the lowest earnings quintile. This is a challenge to the popular&#13;
notion of ’American exceptionalism’. The U.S. also differs from the Nordic countries in&#13;
its very low likelihood that sons of the highest earners will show downward ’long-distance’&#13;
mobility into the lowest earnings quintile. In this, the U.K. is more similar to the U.S.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/81/1/WRAP_Naylor_twerp_781.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>University of Warwick, Department of Economics</dc:publisher><dc:subject>HD</dc:subject><dc:title>American exceptionalism in a new light : a comparison of intergenerational earnings mobility in the Nordic countries, the United Kingdom and the United States</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Jäntti, Markus </rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bratsberg, Bernt  </rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Røed, Knut </rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Raaum, Oddbjørn </rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Naylor, Robin Andrew</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Österbacka, Eva </rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Björklund, Anders </rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Eriksson, Tor </rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005-12</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:80
Date: 2017-02-02

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:80</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-02-02T04:54:36Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Political principals face high-powered electoral pressures while bureaucrat-agents face longer&#13;
term, low-powered incentives. Given constitutional constraints, what "carrots and sticks" do&#13;
politicians employ to control bureaucrats and how do bureaucrats respond to such incentives?&#13;
We use a simple career concerns framework and a unique dataset from the Indian Administrative Service to address these issues. State level politicians (Chief Ministers) exert control over&#13;
bureaucrats when they assume office, through a novel mechanism of reassignment (transfers)&#13;
to new jobs. Transfers are less likely if district politicians belong to the same party as the Chief&#13;
Minister, i.e. he appears to treat local politicians and bureaucrats as substitutes. We use a&#13;
framework where bureaucrats differ in their willingness to invest in job expertise or political&#13;
loyalty. Consistent with this framework, we find in our data that more able bureaucrats and&#13;
those with greater job-specific experience are less likely to be reassigned when a new politician&#13;
assumes office. In accordance with politicians district reassignment patterns, we do not find robust evidence of any negative impact of such politically-induced transfers on development&#13;
and policy outcomes at the district level.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/80/1/WRAP_Mani_bureaucrazy_nov2007.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Department of Economics, University of Warwick</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/42302/</dc:relation><dc:subject>HC</dc:subject><dc:subject>JS</dc:subject><dc:title>Traveling agents : political change and bureaucratic turnover in India</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Iyer, Lakshmi</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mani, Anandi</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:78
Date: 2015-10-27

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:78</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-10-27T16:43:30Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>We present comparable evidence on intergenerational earnings mobility for Denmark,&#13;
Finland, Norway, the UK and the US, with a focus on the role of gender and marital status.&#13;
We confirm that earnings mobility in the Nordic countries is typically greater than in the US&#13;
and in the UK, but find that, in contrast to all other groups, for married women mobility is&#13;
approximately uniform across countries when estimates are based on women's own&#13;
earnings. Defining offspring outcomes in terms of family earnings, on the other hand, leads to&#13;
estimates of intergenerational mobility in the Nordic countries which exceed those for the US&#13;
and the UK for both men and women, single and married. Unlike in the Nordic countries, we&#13;
find that married women with children and with husbands from affluent backgrounds tend to&#13;
exhibit reduced labor supply in the US and the UK. In these countries, it is the combination of&#13;
assortative mating and labor supply responses which weakens the association between&#13;
married women's own earnings and their parents' earnings.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/78/1/WRAP_Naylor_dp3037.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.bepress.com/bejeap/vol7/iss2/art7/</dc:relation><dc:subject>HC</dc:subject><dc:subject>HD</dc:subject><dc:title>Marital sorting, household labour supply, and intergenerational mobility across countries</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Raaum, Oddbjørn</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bratsberg, Bernt</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Røed, Knut</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Österbacka, Eva</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Eriksson, Tor</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jäntti, Markus</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Naylor, Robin Andrew</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007-09</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:76
Date: 2015-10-27

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:76</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-10-27T16:26:00Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Humans preferentially attend to negative stimuli. A consequence of this automatic vigilance for negative valence is that negative words elicit slower responses than neutral or positive words on a host of cognitive tasks. Some researchers have speculated that negative stimuli elicit a general suppression of motor activity, akin to the freezing response exhibited by animals under threat. Alternatively, we suggest that negative stimuli only elicit slowed responding on tasks for which stimulus valence is irrelevant for responding. To discriminate between these motor suppression and response-relevance hypotheses, we elicited both lexical decisions and valence judgments of negative words and positive words. Relative to positive words (e.g., kitten), negative words (e.g., spider) elicited slower lexical decisions but faster valence judgments. Results therefore indicate that negative stimuli do not cause a generalized motor suppression. Rather, negative stimuli elicit selective responding, with faster responses on tasks for which stimulus valence is response-relevant.</dc:description><dc:format>application/msword</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/76/1/WRAP_Estes_Estes_Verges.doc</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>0010-0277</dc:source><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:title>Freeze or flee? : negative stimuli elicit selective responding </dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Estes, Zachary</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Verges, Michelle</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2008.03.003
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ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:75
Date: 2017-09-20

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:75</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-20T10:05:13Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>In three experiments (N = 123; 148; 28), children observed a video in which two speakers offered alternative labels for unfamiliar objects. In Experiment 1, 3- to 5-year-olds endorsed the label given by a speaker who had previously labeled familiar objects accurately, rather than that given by a speaker with a history of inaccurate labeling, even when the inaccurate speaker erred only while blindfolded. In Experiments 2 and 3, 3- to 7-year-olds showed no preference for the label given by a previously inaccurate but blindfolded speaker, over that given by a second inaccurate speaker with no obvious excuse for erring. Children based their endorsements on speakers’ history of accuracy or inaccuracy irrespective of the speakers’ information access at the time, raising doubts that children made mentalistic interpretations of speakers’ inaccuracy.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell</dc:publisher><dc:source>1363-755x</dc:source><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:title>Identifying unreliable informants : do children excuse past inaccuracies</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Nurmsoo, E.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Robinson, Elizabeth J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2009-01</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7687.2008.00750.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:68
Date: 2015-10-27

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:68</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-10-27T16:21:13Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D52:5241:524130343231</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>There is a dearth of information regarding the prevalence of brain injury, serious enough to require hospital admission, amongst children in the United Kingdom. In North Staffordshire a register of all children admitted with traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been maintained since 1992 presenting an opportunity to investigate the incidence of TBI within the region in terms of age, cause of injury, injury severity and social deprivation. The register contains details of 1553 children with TBI, two thirds of whom are male. This population-based study shows that TBI is most prevalent amongst children from families living in more deprived areas, however, social deprivation was not related to the cause of injury. Each year, 280 per 100,000 children are admitted for ≥24 hours with a TBI, of these 232 will have a mild brain injury, 25 moderate, 17 severe, and 2 will die. The incidence of moderate and severe injuries is higher than previous estimates. Children under 2 years old account for 18.5% of all TBIs, usually due to falls, being dropped or non-accidental injuries. Falls account for 60% of TBIs in the under 5s. In the 10-15 age group road traffic accidents were the most common cause (185, 36.7%). These findings will help to plan health services and target accident prevention initiatives more accurately.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/68/1/WRAP_Hawley_injury_prevalence_revised_march_022.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>0020-1383</dc:source><dc:subject>RA0421</dc:subject><dc:subject>RJ101</dc:subject><dc:title>Prevalence of traumatic brain injury amongst children admitted to hospital in one health district : a population-based study</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Hawley, Carol</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ward, Anthony B.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Long, Julie</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Owen, David</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Magnay, Andrew R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0020-1383(02)00193-6</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:67
Date: 2016-07-28

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:67</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-07-28T16:13:36Z</datestamp>
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      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D52:5243</setSpec>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D52:524A</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Objectives: To identify outcomes following head injury (HI) amongst a population of children admitted to one hospital centre and compare outcomes between different severity groups.&#13;
Methods:A postal follow-up of children admitted with HI to one NHS Trust, between 1992-1998, was carried out. Children were aged 5-15 years at injury (mean 9.8), followed-up at a mean of 2.2 years post-injury. Parents of 526 injured children (419 mild, 58 moderate, 49 severe) and 45 controls completed questionnaires. Outcomes were assessed using the King’s Outcome Scale for Childhood Head Injury (KOSCHI).&#13;
Results:Frequent behavioural, emotional, memory and attentional problems were reported by one third of the severe group, one quarter of the moderate, and 10-18% of the mild. Personality change since HI was reported for 148 children (28%) (21% mild HI, 46% moderate, 69% severe). There was a significant relationship between injury severity and KOSCHI outcomes. Following the HI, 252(48%) had moderate disability (43% mild HI, 64% moderate, 69% severe), 270(51%) made a good recovery (57% mild HI, 36% moderate, 22% severe). There was a significant association between social deprivation and poor outcome (p=0.002). Only 30%(158) of children received hospital follow-up after the HI. All children with severe disability received appropriate follow-up, but 64% of children with moderate disability received none. No evidence was found to suggest a threshold of injury severity below which the risk of late sequelae could be safely discounted.&#13;
Conclusions:Children admitted with mild HI may be at risk of poor outcomes, but often do not receive routine hospital follow-up. A postal questionnaire combined with the KOSCHI to assess outcomes after HI may be used to identify children who would benefit from clinical assessment. Further research is needed to identify factors which place children with mild HI at risk of late morbidity.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/67/1/WRAP_Hawley_JNNP2003020651_revised_18sept_2003TEXTTABS.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>BMJ</dc:publisher><dc:source>0022-3050</dc:source><dc:subject>RC</dc:subject><dc:subject>RJ</dc:subject><dc:title>Outcomes following childhood head injury : a population study</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Hawley, Carol</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ward, Anthony B.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Magnay, Andrew R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Long, Julie</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jnnp.2003.020651
</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:65
Date: 2016-07-28

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:65</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-07-28T16:13:36Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D52:5243:524330333231</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Primary objectives: To identify the incidence of head injury (HI) amongst mentally disordered offenders (MDOs) in UK medium secure units (MSUs), and test the hypothesis that patients with a history of HI are more difficult to discharge than patients without HI.&#13;
Design, methods and procedures: 113 MDOs being discharged to community settings from five MSUs in England were recruited consecutively between 1/4/99 and 31/12/00. Data on previous HI, offending history, and discharge planning were collected from clinical casenotes, structured questionnaires, and interviews with clinical staff.&#13;
Main outcomes and results: More HI patients (57.4%) than non-HI patients (47%) had a violent index offence. Risk assessments carried out prior to discharge showed HI patients to be at greater risk of violence to others and of self-harm than non-HI patients (p ≤ 0.05). All but two HI patients were difficult to discharge (43, 95.6%), compared to 52 (82.5%) non-HI patients.&#13;
Conclusions: Information on previous HI should be collected on admission to MSUs and considered when planning for discharge.</dc:description><dc:format>application/msword</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/65/1/WRAP_Hawley_180602_tbi_and_offending_paper.doc</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Taylor and Francis</dc:publisher><dc:source>0269-9052</dc:source><dc:subject>RC0321</dc:subject><dc:title>Mentally disordered offenders with a history of previous head injury : are they more difficult to discharge?</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Hawley, Carol</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Maden, Anthony</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0269905031000089341
</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:63
Date: 2017-09-20

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:63</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-20T10:29:04Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>In three Experiments, (N = 48 3- to 4-year olds; 100 3- to 5-year olds; 54 4-yearolds), children who could see or feel a target toy, recognized when they had sufficient information to answer “Which one is it?” and when they needed additional access. They were weaker at taking the informative modality of access when the choice was between&#13;
seeing more of a partially visible toy and feeling it; at doing so when the target was completely hidden; and at reporting seeing or feeling as their source of knowledge of the target’s identity having experienced both. Working understanding of the knowledge gained from seeing and feeling (identifying the target efficiently) was not necessarily in advance of explicit understanding (reporting the informative source).</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/63/1/WRAP_Robinson_Robinson__Haigh__Pendle__2008.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell</dc:publisher><dc:source>1363-755x</dc:source><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:title>Children's working understanding of the knowledge gained from seeing and feeling</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Robinson, Elizabeth J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Haigh, S. N.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Pendle, J. E. C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2008-03-10</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7687.2008.00676.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:62
Date: 2015-10-27

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:62</identifier>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>We show that the patterns of intergenerational earnings mobility in Denmark, Finland,&#13;
and Norway, unlike those for the US and the UK, are highly nonlinear. The Nordic&#13;
relationship between log earnings of sons and fathers is flat in the lower segments of the&#13;
fathers’ earnings distribution – sons growing up in the poorest households have the same&#13;
adult earnings prospects as sons in moderately poor households – and is increasingly&#13;
positive in middle and upper segments. This convex pattern contrasts sharply with our&#13;
findings for the United States and the United Kingdom, where the relationship is much&#13;
closer to being linear. As a result, cross-country comparisons of intergenerational&#13;
earnings elasticities may be misleading with respect to transmission mechanisms in the&#13;
central parts of the earnings distribution, and uninformative in the tails of the distribution.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/62/1/WRAP_Naylor_twerp_782.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>University of Warwick, Department of Economics</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.res.org.uk/economic/ejtoc.asp?ref=0013-0133&amp;vid=117&amp;iid=519&amp;oc=</dc:relation><dc:subject>HD</dc:subject><dc:title>Nonlinearities in intergenerational earnings mobility : consequences for cross-country comparisons</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bratsberg, Bernt  </rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Røed, Knut </rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Raaum, Oddbjørn </rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Naylor, Robin Andrew</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jäntti, Markus </rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Eriksson, Tor </rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Österbacka, Eva </rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:59
Date: 2015-10-27

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>On the basis of new historical research on the Soviet command system we analyze the choices of a plan-setter and an effort-setter who interacted with each other and an external market to determine real output, hidden inflation, and the quality of corruption. We show that the performance of the Soviet economy was affected not only by the level of corruption but also by its quality, that is, how corrupt incomes were used. Our results explain rapid Soviet economic growth despite high corruption levels, and why slower economic growth in the 1970s&#13;
was accompanied by increased privatization of rents.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/59/1/WRAP_Harrison_jeh06.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Cambridge University Press</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayIssue?jid=JEH&amp;volumeId=66&amp;issueId=01</dc:relation><dc:source>0022-0507</dc:source><dc:subject>HC</dc:subject><dc:title>Plans, prices, and corruption : the Soviet firm under partial centralization, 1930 to 1990</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Harrison, Mark</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Byung-Yeon, Kim</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2006-03-17</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022050706000015
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ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:58
Date: 2015-10-27

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:58</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-10-27T16:26:00Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>In an earlier paper [Blackorby and Murty; 2007] we showed that if a monopoly sector is imbedded in a general equilibrium framework and profits are taxed at one hundred percent, then unit (specific) taxation and ad valorem taxation are welfare-wise equivalent. In this paper, we consider private ownership of the monopoly sector. Given technical difficulties in making a direct general equilibrium comparison of unit and ad valorem taxation, we&#13;
adopt a technique due to Guesnerie [1980] and Quinzii [1992] in a somewhat different context of increasing returns and non-convex economies to show that neither ad valorem taxation nor unit taxation Pareto dominates the other; although, generally, the two are not welfare-wise equivalent.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/58/1/WRAP_Murty_twerp_797.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>University of Warwick, Department of Economics</dc:publisher><dc:subject>HB</dc:subject><dc:title>Unit versus ad valorem taxes : the private ownership of monopoly in general equilibrium</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Murty, Sushama</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Blackorby, Charles</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:57
Date: 2017-09-20

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:57</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-20T10:28:25Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>In three experiments children aged between 3 and 5 years (N = 38; 52; 94; mean ages 3;7 to 5;2) indicated their confidence in their knowledge of the identity of a hidden toy. With the exception of some 3-year-olds, children revealed working understanding of their knowledge source by showing high confidence when they had seen or felt the toy, and lower confidence when they had been told its identity by an apparently well-informed speaker, especially when the speaker subsequently doubted the adequacy of his access to the toy. After a 2-minute delay, 3-to 4- year olds, unlike&#13;
4- to 5-year-olds, failed to see the implications of the speaker’s doubt about his access.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/57/1/WRAP_Robinson_Robinson__Haigh__Nurmsoo__2008.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>0885-2014</dc:source><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:title>Children's working understanding of knowledge sources : confidence in knowledge gained from testimony</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Robinson, Elizabeth J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Haigh, S. N.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Nurmsoo, Erika</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2008-05-22</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cogdev.2007.05.001</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:56
Date: 2017-06-12

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      <datestamp>2017-06-12T12:55:35Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Population surveys of health and fertility are an important source of information about demographic trends and their likely impact on the HIV/AIDS epidemic. In contrast to groups sampled at health facilities they can provide nationally and regionally representative estimates of a range of variables. Data on HIV sero-status were collected in the 2001-2 Zambia Demographic and Health Survey (ZDHS) and made available in a separate data file in which HIV status was linked to a very limited set of demographic variables. We utilized this data set to examine associations between HIV prevalence, gender, age and geographical location. &#13;
We apply the generalized geo-additive semi-parametric model as an alternative to the common linear model, in the context of analyzing the prevalence of HIV infection. This model enables us to account for spatial auto-correlation, non-linear, location effects on the prevalence of HIV infection at the disaggregated provincial level (9 provinces) and assess temporal and geographical variation in the prevalence of HIV infection, while simultaneously controlling for important risk factors.&#13;
54 % of the overall sample of 3950 was female. The overall HIV positivity rate was 565 (14.3%). The mean age at HIV diagnosis for male was 30.3 (SD: 11.2) and 27.7 (SD: 9.3) for female respectively.&#13;
Lusaka and Copperbelt have the first and second highest prevalence of AIDS/HIV (marginal odds ratios of 3.24 and 2.88 respectively) but when the younger age of the urban population and the spatial auto-correlation was taken into account Lusaka and Copper belt were no longer among the areas with the highest prevalence. Nonlinear effects of age at HIV diagnosis were also discussed and the importance of spatial residual effects and control of confounders on the prevalence of HIV infection.&#13;
The study was conducted to assess the spatia pattern and the effect of confounding risk factors on AIDS/HIV prevalence and to develop a means of adjusting estimates of AIDS/HIV prevalence on the important risk factors.&#13;
Controlling for important risk factors such as geographical location (spatial auto-correlation), age structure of the population, gender gave estimates of prevalence that are statistically robust. Researchers should be encouraged to use all available information in the data to account for important risk factors when reporting AIDS/HIV prevalence. Where this is not possible, correction factors should&#13;
be applied, particularly where estimates of AIDS/HIV prevalence are pooled in systematic reviews.&#13;
Our maps can be used for policy planning and management of AIDS/HIV in Zambia.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/56/1/WRAP_Kandala_KandalaAIDSCARE2008.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Taylor and Francis</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a793825133~db=all~tab=content~order=pubdate</dc:relation><dc:source>0954-0121</dc:source><dc:subject>RA</dc:subject><dc:title>The epidemiology of HIV infection in Zambia</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Kandala, Ngianga-Bakwin</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ji, Chen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Cappuccio, Francesco</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Stones, R. Willliam</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2008-08</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540120701742292</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:55
Date: 2015-07-27

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ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:54
Date: 2017-06-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The research aimed to assess the nature and level of pupils’ educational aspirations and to elucidate the factors that influence these aspirations. A sample of five inner city comprehensive secondary schools were selected by their Local Authority because of poor pupil attendance, below average examination results and low rates of continuing in full-time education after the age of 16. Schools were all ethnically mixed and co-educational. Over 800 pupils aged 12-14 completed a questionnaire assessing pupils’ experience of home, school and their peers. A sub-sample of 48 pupils selected by teachers to reflect ethnicity and ability levels in individual schools also participated in detailed focus group interviews. There were no significant differences in aspirations by gender or year group, but differences between ethnic groups were marked. Black African, Asian Other and Pakistani groups had significantly higher educational aspirations than the White British group, who had the lowest aspirations. The results suggest the high aspirations of Black African, Asian Other and Pakistani pupils are mediated through strong academic self-concept, positive peer support, a commitment to schooling and high educational aspirations in the home. They also suggest that low educational aspirations may have different mediating influences in different ethnic groups. The low aspirations of White British pupils seem to relate most strongly to poor academic self-concept and low educational aspirations in the home, while for Black Caribbean pupils disaffection, negative peers and low commitment to schooling appear more relevant. Interviews with pupils corroborated the above findings and further illuminated the factors students described as important in their educational aspirations. The results are discussed in relation to theories of aspiration which stress its nature as a cultural capacity.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/54/1/WRAP_Strand_0481308-090708-Paper_2008.04.07.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Routledge</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a794616561~db=all~order=pubdate</dc:relation><dc:source>0305-5698</dc:source><dc:subject>LC</dc:subject><dc:title>Educational aspirations in inner city schools</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Strand, Steve</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Winston, Joe</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2008-10</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03055690802034021</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:52
Date: 2017-09-20

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:52</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-20T10:29:52Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Two experiments investigated children’s implicit and explicit differentiation between beliefs about matters of fact and matters of opinion. In Experiment 1, 8- to 9-year-olds’ (n ! 88) explicit understanding of the subjectivity of opinions was found to be limited, but their conformity to others’ judgments on a matter of opinion was considerably lower than their conformity to others’ views regarding an ambiguous fact. In Experiment 2, children aged 6, 8, or 10 years (n ! 81) were asked to make judgments either about ambiguous matters of fact or about matters of opinion and then heard an opposing judgment from an&#13;
expert. All age groups conformed to the opposing judgments on factual matters more than they did to the experts’ views on matters of opinion. However, only the oldest children explicitly recognized that opinions are subjective and cannot be “wrong.” Implications of these results for models of children’s reasoning about epistemic states are discussed.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/52/1/WRAP_Robinson_8573940-150708-Banerjee_et_al_2007.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>American Psychological Association</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.43.5.1084 </dc:relation><dc:source>0012-1649</dc:source><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:title>Children's differentiation between beliefs about matters of fact and matters of opinion</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Banerjee, R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Yuill, N.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Easton, K.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Larson, C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Robinson, Elizabeth J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007-09</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.43.5.1084</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:51
Date: 2017-09-20

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:51</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-20T10:29:39Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Results of two experiments show children’s understanding of diversity in personal preference is incomplete. Despite acknowledging diversity, in Experiment 1(N=108), 6-&#13;
and 8-year-old children were less likely than adults to see preference as a legitimate basis for personal tastes and more likely to say a single truth could be found about a matter of taste. In Experiment 2 (N=96), 7- and 9-year-olds were less likely than 11- and 13-yearolds to say a dispute about a matter of preference might not be resolved. These data suggest that acceptance of the possibility of diversity does not indicate an adult-like understanding of subjectivity. An understanding of the relative emphasis placed on objective and subjective factors in different contexts continues to develop into adolescence.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/51/1/WRAP_Robinson_8573940-150708-Rowley_and_Robinson_in_press.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/bpl/sode/2007/00000016/00000004/art00007</dc:relation><dc:source>0961-205x</dc:source><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:title>Understanding the truth about subjectivity</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Rowley, M. G.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Robinson, Elizabeth J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007-11</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9507.2007.00405.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:50
Date: 2017-09-20

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:50</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-20T10:30:23Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>We argue that, amongst 3- to 5- year-olds, failure to report the source of knowledge recently acquired in answer to “How do you know…?” is due to a specific failure to make a causal inference, in line with source monitoring theory but not fuzzy trace theory. In three Experiments, children (N = 37; 30; 59) identified a hidden toy by seeing, feeling, or by being told, having had two modes of access on each trial, one informative (e.g. seeing a toy identified by colour) and the other uninformative (e.g. being told the toy’s colour by the Experimenter who had only felt it). Children who answered the know question wrongly nevertheless reported accurately who saw and who felt the toy, and what the well-informed player had said. They also realised when&#13;
the Experimenter’s uninformative access implied their own knowledge was unreliable, suggesting precocious working understanding of knowledge sources.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/50/1/WRAP_Robinson_8573940-150708-Haigh_and_Robinson_in_press.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Taylor &amp; Francis</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~db=all?content=10.1080/17405620601183569</dc:relation><dc:source>1740-5629</dc:source><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:title>What children know about the source of their knowledge without reporting it as the source</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Haigh, S. N.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Robinson, Elizabeth J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17405620601183569</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:49
Date: 2017-09-20

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:49</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-20T10:30:07Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>In two experiments we examined young children’s ability to delay a response to ambiguous input. In Experiment 1 5- and 6- year olds performed as poorly when they had to choose between basing an interpretation on ambiguous input and delaying an interpretation as when making explicit evaluations of knowledge. Seven- and 8- year olds’ found the former task easy. In Experiment 2 5- and 6- year olds performed well on a task that required delaying a response but removed the need to decide between strategies.&#13;
We discuss children’s difficulty with ambiguity in terms of the decision making demands made by different procedures. These demands appear to cause particular problems for&#13;
young children.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/49/1/WRAP_Robinson_8573940-150708-Beck_and_Robinson_and_Freeth_2008.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&amp;_imagekey=B6WJ9-4P903JR-1-1&amp;_cdi=6873&amp;_user=585204&amp;_orig=browse&amp;_coverDate=04%2F30%2F2008&amp;_sk=999009995&amp;view=c&amp;wchp=dGLbVzW-zSkzS&amp;md5=0dc64bf6a0b2a84ef5ecbaa7b947630c&amp;ie=/sdarticle.pdf</dc:relation><dc:source>0022-0965</dc:source><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:title>Can children resist making interpretations when uncertain?</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Beck, S.R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Robinson, Elizabeth J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Freeth, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007-07-27</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2007.06.002</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:47
Date: 2015-10-27

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:47</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-10-27T16:21:08Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Theological interpretations of ‘The Rime of the Ancient Mariner’ have sometimes been judged to do little more than to compound the problem of interpretation. This essay reflects on a contrasting response from the Welsh poet David Jones which challenges the ‘Rime’ for a theological incoherence in itself constituting a failure of imagination, and then considers the relation of language to liturgy in recent postmodern theology. What emerges from Coleridge’s poem is a divergence between the identical repetition of the tale itself and a ‘repetition with difference’ implied in the Mariner’s vision of a procession to the kirk. Coleridge’s ‘Gothic’ imagination can do little more than stage this difference of repetition on the margins of his poem, but there are implications for his later writing career, as he moves away from the predominance of imagination towards the counter-horizons of speculative theological prose.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/47/1/WRAP_Larkin_REPETITION.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Oxford University Press</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/litthe/frm007 </dc:relation><dc:source>0269-1205</dc:source><dc:subject>PR</dc:subject><dc:title>Repetition, difference and liturgical participation in Coleridge's 'The ancient mariner'</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Larkin, Peter</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007-05-14</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:46
Date: 2016-07-28

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:46</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-07-28T16:13:36Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Since Ronald H. Coase's (1937) seminal paper, a rich set of theories has been developed that deal with firm boundaries in vertical or input–output structures. In the last twenty-five years, empirical evidence that can shed light on those theories also has been accumulating. We review the findings of empirical studies that have addressed two main interrelated questions: First, what types of transactions are best brought within the firm and, second, what are the consequences of vertical integration decisions for economic outcomes such as prices, quantities, investment, and profits. Throughout, we highlight areas of potential cross-fertilization and promising areas for future work.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/46/1/WRAP_Slade_jel_paper_may07.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>American Economic Association</dc:publisher><dc:source>0022-0515</dc:source><dc:subject>HC</dc:subject><dc:title>Vertical integration and firm boundaries : the evidence</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Lafontaine, Francine</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Slade, Margaret E.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1257/jel.45.3.629
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ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:44
Date: 2015-10-27

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:44</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-10-27T16:44:53Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>We consider a principal-agent problem where the principal wishes to be endorsed by a sequence of agents, but cannot truthfully reveal type. In the standard "herding" model, the agents learn from each other’s decisions, which can lead to cascades on a given decision when later agents’ private information is swamped. We augment the standard model to allow the principal to subject herself to a test designed to provide public information about her type. She must decide how tough a test to attempt from a continuum of test types, which involves trading off the higher probability of passing&#13;
an easier test against the greater impact from passing a tougher test. We find that the principal will always choose to be tested, and will prefer a tough test to a neutral or easy one.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/44/1/WRAP_Sgroi_2006_geb_biasseq.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>0899-8256</dc:source><dc:subject>HC</dc:subject><dc:title>Sequential decisions with tests</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Sgroi, Daniel</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gill, David</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2008-07</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geb.2006.07.004
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ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:43
Date: 2017-09-20

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:43</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-20T10:30:40Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Children were more likely correctly to specify possibilities when uncertainty resided in the physical world, and more likely to guess the outcome when objectively identical uncertainty arose from their own perspective of ignorance (epistemic uncertainty). In Experiment 1, 4-to 6-year-olds more frequently marked both doors from which a block might emerge when the outcome was undetermined, than when the block was hidden behind one door. In Experiment 2 (5-to 6- year-olds) and 3 (5-to 8- yearolds), children more frequently placed food in both possible locations when an imaginary pet was yet to be placed in a box, than when it was hidden in one. Results have implications for interpretive theory of mind and ‘curse of knowledge’.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/43/2/8573940-130608-Robinson_et_al_2006.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell-synergy</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2006.00964.x</dc:relation><dc:source>0009-3920</dc:source><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:title>Children's sensitivity to their own relative ignorance : handling of possibilities under epistemic and physical uncertainty</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Robinson, Elizabeth J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Rowley, M. J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Beck, S. R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Carroll, D. J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Apperly, Ian</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2006-11-14</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2006.00964.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:40
Date: 2015-11-23

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:40</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-23T18:16:56Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Background: Delivery of high-quality, evidence-based health care to deprived sectors of the community is a major goal&#13;
for society. We investigated the effectiveness of a culturally sensitive, enhanced care package in UK general practices for improvement of cardiovascular risk factors in patients of south Asian origin with type 2 diabetes.&#13;
Methods: In this cluster randomised controlled trial, 21 inner-city practices in the UK were assigned by simple&#13;
randomisation to intervention (enhanced care including additional time with practice nurse and support from a link&#13;
worker and diabetes-specialist nurse [nine practices; n=868]) or control (standard care [12 practices; n=618]) groups. All adult patients of south Asian origin with type 2 diabetes were eligible. Prescribing algorithms with clearly defined targets were provided for all practices. Primary outcomes were changes in blood pressure, total cholesterol, and glycaemic control (haemoglobin A1c) after 2 years. Analysis was by intention to treat. This trial is registered, number ISRCTN 38297969.&#13;
Findings: We recorded significant differences between treatment groups in diastolic blood pressure (1·91 [95% CI&#13;
–2·88 to –0·94] mm Hg, p=0·0001) and mean arterial pressure (1·36 [–2·49 to –0·23] mm Hg, p=0·0180), after adjustment for confounders and clustering. We noted no significant differences between groups for total cholesterol&#13;
(0·03 [–0·04 to 0·11] mmol/L), systolic blood pressure (–0·33 [–2·41 to 1·75] mm Hg), or HbA1c (–0·15%&#13;
[–0·33 to 0·03]). Economic analysis suggests that the nurse-led intervention was not cost effective (incremental&#13;
cost-eff ectiveness ratio £28 933 per QALY gained). Across the whole study population over the 2 years of the trial,&#13;
systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and cholesterol decreased significantly by 4·9 (95% CI 4·0–5·9)&#13;
mm Hg, 3·8 (3·2–4·4) mm Hg, and 0·45 (0·40–0·51) mmol/L, respectively, and we recorded a small and non-significant increase for haemoglobin A1c (0·04% [–0·04 to 0·13]), p=0·290).&#13;
Interpretation: We recorded additional, although small, benefits from our culturally tailored care package that were&#13;
greater than the secular changes achieved in the UK in recent years. Stricter targets in general practice and further measures to motivate patients are needed to achieve best possible health-care outcomes in south Asian patients with diabetes.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>The Lancet Publishing Group</dc:publisher><dc:source>0140-6736</dc:source><dc:subject>RA</dc:subject><dc:subject>RM</dc:subject><dc:title>Enhanced diabetes care to patients of south Asian ethnic origin (the United Kingdom Asian Diabetes Study) : a cluster randomised controlled trial</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bellary, Srikanth</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>O'Hare, J. Paul</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Raymond, Neil T.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gumber, Anil</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mughal, S.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Szczepura, Ala</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kumar, Sudhesh</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Barnett, A. H.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2008-05-22</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(08)60764-3
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ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:35
Date: 2017-06-29

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>We study the effects of market structure on entry using data from the UK fast food (counter-service burger) industry over the years 1991-1995. Over this period, the market can be characterized as a duopoly. We find that market structure matters greatly: for both firms, rival presence increases the probability of entry.&#13;
We control for market specific time-invariant unobservables and their correlation with existing outlets of both firms through a variety of methods. Such unobservables generally play a minor role. For both firms, variable profits per customer are increasing in the number of own outlets, and decreasing in the number of rival outlets. Structural form estimations show that the positive effect of rival presence on the probability of entry is due to firm learning: rival presence increases the estimate of the size of the market. The firms are differently affected by demand variables and have different fixed costs of entry. These results strongly&#13;
suggest the presence of product differentiation, firm learning and market power.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/35/1/WRAP_Waterson_twerp593.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>University of Warwick, Department of Economics</dc:publisher><dc:subject>HC</dc:subject><dc:title>Market structure and entry : where's the beef?</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Toivanen, Otto</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Waterson, Michael</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:34
Date: 2017-06-29

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      <datestamp>2017-06-29T09:11:11Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper develops the idea that consumers’ behaviour matters significantly from the viewpoint of industry performance. This is examined through some theoretical propositions, but then at greater length by means of some case study examples. These examples demonstrate how, even in potentially competitive industries, reluctance on the part of consumers to search or to switch suppliers can lead to a sub-competitive outcome. The&#13;
significance of non-traditional competition policy remedies in changing the outcome is drawn out.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/34/1/WRAP_Waterson_twerp607.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>University of Warwick, Department of Economics</dc:publisher><dc:subject>HC</dc:subject><dc:title>The role of consumers in competition and competition policy</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Waterson, Michael</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2001-07</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:33
Date: 2017-06-29

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:33</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-06-29T09:09:22Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper shows that even if all consumers face search costs, if these are below a certain level dependent upon the firm numbers and demand elasticity, the Diamond-type equilibrium with all prices at the monopoly level fails to exist.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/33/1/WRAP_Waterson_twerp679.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>University of Warwick, Department of Economics</dc:publisher><dc:subject>HF</dc:subject><dc:title>Consumers and competition</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Waterson, Michael</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003-05</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:32
Date: 2017-06-29

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:32</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-06-29T09:10:01Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>One of the phenomena of the twentieth century, chainstores, are remarkably little studied by economists. Amongst open questions are the following: What factors influence the pattern of their openings? Does the spread of one constrain others having broadly the same retail offer? Do they locate close to competitors?  To answer such questions, one must examine a time path of development- put simply one must observe actual entry.  This is precisely what is done in a series of papers (Toivanen and Waterson, 2000; 2001; Sault, Toivanen and Waterson -hereafter STW, 2002; forthcoming) we are working on concerning the spread of restaurant outlets in the UK. This paper sketches the main elements of our program, then examines a particular issue, the micro-geography of location, in detail.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/32/1/WRAP_Waterson_twerp661.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>University of Warwick, Department of Economics</dc:publisher><dc:subject>HC</dc:subject><dc:title>Market structure and entry in fast food</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Sault, Joanne E.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Toivanen, Otto</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Waterson, Michael</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003-01</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:29
Date: 2015-03-11

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>A Door of Hope was the manifesto of the Fifth Monarchists’ desperate uprising in London in January 1661, a few months after the Restoration of Charles II. While the rising itself is well known, its manifesto has never been examined in detail. Probably based on a sermon to Venner’s congregation, it displays a defiant conviction that the Restoration could be understood as part of God’s providential plan, the next step towards the imminent kingdom of Christ on earth. But it also reaches out to a much wider constituency, all the supporters of the “Good Old Cause”, offering a programme that might appeal to many radicals. And the author draws on secular, republican discourse to buttress his apocalyptic claims, revealing close links between even the most extreme Fifth Monarchists and wider currents of interregnum radicalism.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/29/1/WRAP_Capp_0481046-260308-Capp_Door_of_Hope_revised.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9809.2008.00699.x</dc:relation><dc:source>0022-4227</dc:source><dc:subject>DA</dc:subject><dc:subject>BX</dc:subject><dc:title>A Door of Hope re-opened : the Fifth Monarchy, King Charles and King Jesus</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Capp, B. S.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2008-02-20</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9809.2008.00699.x
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ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:27
Date: 2015-11-23

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ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:26
Date: 2015-10-27

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ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:25
Date: 2017-06-29

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Using a two-stage model in which consumers become informed about the quality of the good only in period 2, we examine what determines the presence or absence of private label&#13;
experience goods in supermarkets. Our most novel result is that in the case of products purchased infrequently, producing a reputable private label is not sustainable.&#13;
Retailer bargaining power increases the likelihood of a private label good being produced. Evidence from France is consistent with the main propositions.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/25/1/WRAP_Waterson_BergesSennouWaterson.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Berkeley Electronic Press</dc:publisher><dc:source>1542-0485</dc:source><dc:subject>HF</dc:subject><dc:title>Private label products as experience goods</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Berges-Sennou, Fabian</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Waterson, Michael</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005-03</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:24
Date: 2017-06-29

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>We start the survey by reviewing the implications of horizontal and vertical product differentiation on market structure under the assumption of single-product firms. Then, we analyse the main results of the multi-product firm models, both when variants are assumed differentiated in vertical attributes only and when variants are assumed differentiated in two dimensions (vertical and horizontal). Finally, we review the empirical literature about discrete-choice models of product differentiation.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/24/1/WRAP_Waterson_twerp594.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>University of Warwick, Department of Economics</dc:publisher><dc:subject>HF</dc:subject><dc:title>Multiproduct firms and product differentiation : a survey</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Manez, Juan A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Waterson, Michael</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2001-06</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:23
Date: 2017-06-29

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper examines developments in the market for domestic electricity supply in the UK since September 1998 when the market was thrown over to competition using a variety of sources including firm interviews and a consumer questionnaire. We find that there was a substantial amount of entry, but that there has since been significant consolidation. There is still a substantial gap between the prices set by a firm in its incumbent area and prices obtainable from entrants to the market. There is no evidence&#13;
that the market is near to Bertrand in operation.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/23/1/WRAP_Waterson_2003_stategic_change.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>[Warwick Business School, Centre for Management under Regulation]</dc:publisher><dc:subject>HB</dc:subject><dc:title>Strategic change in the market for domestic electricity in the UK</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Brigham, Bitten</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Waterson, Michael</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:22
Date: 2017-06-29

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      <datestamp>2017-06-29T09:12:28Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The UK energy regulator has recently removed price controls from about 40% of residential energy users, and plans total deregulation of the gas and electricity markets by 2002, relying instead on general competition policy to protect consumers. We examine responses to a specially commissioned survey of over one thousand consumers, to identify determinants of consumer choice between suppliers. We&#13;
conclude that there are substantial switching costs which seem higher for more vulnerable groups. By assessing the savings which consumers require to switch supplier, we deduce that the incumbent retains considerable market power, suggesting that some continued regulation may be necessary.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/22/1/WRAP_Waterson_2000_cmur_4.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Warwick Business School, Centre for Management under Regulation</dc:publisher><dc:source>1369-0450</dc:source><dc:subject>HC</dc:subject><dc:title>Redundant regulation? : competition and consumer choice in the residential energy markets</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Giulietti, Monica</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Waddams, Catherine</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Waterson, Michael</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2000-11</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>other</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:21
Date: 2017-06-29

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:21</identifier>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This report considers the social welfare effects resulting from the exercise of buyer power - whereby a firm or group of firms obtain from suppliers more favourable terms than those available to other buyers or would otherwise be expected under normal competitive conditions. It seeks to&#13;
synthesise and extend existing theory on monopsony and buyer power, so as to identify the conditions where detrimental effects are likely to dominate benign social welfare effects, and vice versa, with the aim of providing practical guidance to competition authorities seeking to develop appropriate responses to the presence of buyer power.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/21/1/WRAP_Waterson_oft239.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Office of Fair Trading</dc:publisher><dc:subject>HC</dc:subject><dc:title>The welfare consequences of the exercise of buyer power</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Waterson, Michael</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dobson, Paul</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1998</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>other</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:20
Date: 2017-06-29

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ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:19
Date: 2017-06-29

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This report considers the private and social welfare effects of vertical restraints - whereby contractual arrangements between suppliers (manufacturers) and distributors (retailers) extend beyond simple arms-length pricing. It seeks to synthesise and extend existing theory on vertical restraints, so as to identify the conditions where detrimental effects are likely to dominate benign social welfare effects, and vice versa, with the aim of developing a practical framework for the analysis of vertical restraints.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/19/1/WRAP_Waterson_oft177.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Office of Fair Trading</dc:publisher><dc:subject>HC</dc:subject><dc:title>Vertical restraints and competition policy</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Waterson, Michael</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dobson, Paul</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1996</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>other</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:17
Date: 2017-06-29

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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper investigates the evolution of electricity prices for domestic customers in the UK following the introduction of competition. The empirical analysis is based on a panel data set containing detailed information about electricity supply prices over the period 1999 to 2006. The analysis aims to test theoretical hypotheses about the nature of consumers’ switching and search costs. The econometric analysis of persistence and price dispersion provides only&#13;
limited support for the view that the market is becoming more competitive and also indicates that there remain significant potential benefits to consumers from searching alternative suppliers.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/17/1/WRAP_Waterson_twerp__790.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>University of Warwick. Dept. of Economics</dc:publisher><dc:subject>HB</dc:subject><dc:title>Pricing behaviour under competition in the UK electricity supply industry</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Waterson, Michael</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Giulietti, Monica</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Otero, Jesus</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:14
Date: 2015-11-23

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:14</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-23T18:31:14Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>For the 1990-92 and 1998-2000 cohorts we find the probability of dropping out of medical school is lower for students (i) with better prior qualifications, (ii) with a parent who is a doctor, (iii) living on campus.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/14/1/WRAP_Arulampalam_dropouts.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwells</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.1365-2929.2007.02710.x</dc:relation><dc:source>0308-0110</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>HB</dc:subject><dc:title>Dropping out of medical school in the UK : explaining changes over 10 years</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Arulampalam, Wiji</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Naylor, Robin Andrew</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Smith, Jeremy</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2929.2007.02710.x
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ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:12
Date: 2015-10-27

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:12</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-10-27T16:22:40Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>A competitive market mechanism is a prominent example of a non-binary social choice rule, typically defined for a special class of economic environments in which each social state is an economic allocation of private goods, and individuals' preferences concern only their own personal consumption. This chapter begins by discussing which Pareto efficient allocations can be characterized as competitive equilibria with lump-sum transfers. It also discusses existence and characterization of such equilibria without lump-sum transfers. The second half of the chapter focuses on continuum economies, for which such characterization results are much more natural given that agents have negligible influence over equilibrium prices.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/12/1/WRAP_Hammond_twerp_804.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>University of Warwick Economics Department</dc:publisher><dc:subject>HB</dc:subject><dc:title>Competitive market mechanisms as social choice procedures</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Hammond, Peter J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:10
Date: 2015-04-02

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:10</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-04-02T09:28:39Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Following recent empirical evidence which indicates the importance of rank for the determination of workers' wellbeing, this paper introduces status seeking preferences in the form of rank-dependent utility functions into a moral&#13;
hazard framework with one firm and multiple workers, but no correlation in production. We show that workers' concern for the rank of their wage in the firm's wage distribution induces the firm to offer discriminatory wage contracts when its aim is to induce all workers to expend effort.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/10/1/WRAP_Dhillon_gebstatus.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>0899-8256</dc:source><dc:subject>HB</dc:subject><dc:title>Games of status and discriminatory contracts</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Dhillon, Amrita</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hertzog-Stein, Alexander</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2009-01</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geb.2008.03.009</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:8
Date: 2015-10-27

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:8</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-10-27T16:21:09Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>In an intertemporal Arrow-Debreu economy with a continuum of agents, suppose that the auctioneer sets prices while the government institutes optimal lump-sum transfers period by period. An earlier paper showed how subgame imperfections arise because agents understand how their current decisions such as those determining investment will influence future lump-sum transfers. This observation undermines the second efficiency theorem of welfare economics and makes "history" a widespread externality. A two-period model is used to investigate the constrained efficiency properties of different kinds of equilibrium. Possibilities for remedial policy are also discussed.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/8/1/WRAP_Hammond_twerp_808.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>University of Warwick, Department of Economics</dc:publisher><dc:subject>HB</dc:subject><dc:title>History : sunk cost or widespread externality? : second Arcelli lecture at the University of Piacenza, April 2007</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Hammond, Peter J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>other</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AO</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:7
Date: 2015-10-27

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:7</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-10-27T16:21:09Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>In a classic model of tax competition, we show that the level of public good provision and taxation in a Nash equilibrium can be efficient or inefficient with either too much, or too little public good provision. The key is whether there exists a unilateral incentive to deviate from the efficient state and, if so, whether this entails raising or lowering taxes. A priori, there is no reason to suppose the incentive is in either one direction or the other. In&#13;
addition, we demonstrate conditions ensuring existence of an asymmetric Nash equilibrium with efficient public good provision. As in prior literature, local amenities enhance capital’s productivity. Prior literature, however, focuses on under-provision of public goods.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/7/1/WRAP_Dhillon_twerp622.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>University of Warwick, Department of Economics</dc:publisher><dc:subject>HC</dc:subject><dc:title>Tax competition reconsidered</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Wooders, Myrna Holtz</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Zissimos, Ben</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dhillon, Amrita</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>other</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:5
Date: 2015-11-23

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:5</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-23T18:29:12Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Objectives: To assess the extent to which various factors influence the probability that anindividual medical student will drop out of medical school during their first year of study, focussing on the influence both of prior qualifications, such as A-level subjects taken and&#13;
scores attained, and of type of school and family background.&#13;
Design: Individual-level administrative data for entire cohorts of medical students from 1980/81 to 1992/93 (that is, the graduating cohorts of 1985/86 to 1997/98), yielding data on 51,810 students in 20 medical schools in the UK. The nature of the data permits two different approaches to the modelling of medical school dropout. First, by focussing on&#13;
the determinants of first-year dropout we are able to exploit data for cohorts up to and including the entry cohort of 1992. Second, as an alternative, for any given cohort one can analyse the probability of a student dropping out in any one of the 5 years of their programme: but in this case one is restricted to data on cohorts no more recent than the 1986 entry cohort.1 In the current paper, we follow the first of these research strategies. Statistical analysis is by logistic regression.&#13;
Main outcome measures First-year dropout from medical school versus continuation into second year of study. A (first-year) dropout is anyone who left their medical school&#13;
programme before the end of their first year of study.&#13;
Results The probability that a student will drop out of medical school during their first year of study is influenced significantly both by the subjects studied at A-level and by the scores achieved. Among students who took Biology, Chemistry and Physics at A-level, each extra grade achieved reduces the probability of dropping out by about one-third of a percentage point. There is an additional effect for students with the maximum A-level score of 30 points in their best 3 A-levels (that is, three grade As): such a student is almost one percentage point less likely to drop out of medical school, ceteris paribus, compared to a student with 28 points. Furthermore, this estimated effect of A-level performance on dropout behaviour is very similar for each of the 13 cohorts. In general, indicators of both the social class and the previous school background of the student are largely insignificant, with the exception that students with a parent who is a medical doctor are significantly less likely to drop out. There are significant differences by gender, with males more likely to drop out. There is also evidence of significant age effects, with a tendency for the dropout probability to fall with age.&#13;
Conclusions: Policies aimed at increasing the size of the medical student intake in the UK and of widening access to students from non-traditional backgrounds should be informed&#13;
by evidence that student dropout probabilities are sensitive to measures of A-level attainment such as subject studied and scores achieved. If traditional entry requirements&#13;
or standards are relaxed, then this is likely to have detrimental effects on medical schools’ retention rates unless accompanied by appropriate measures such as targeted&#13;
admissions and focussed student support.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/5/1/WRAP_Arulampalam_twerp618.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>University of Warwick. Dept. of Economics</dc:publisher><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>LC5201</dc:subject><dc:title>Factors affecting the probability of first-year medical student dropout in the UK : a logistic analysis for the entry cohorts of 1980-1992</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Arulampalam, Wiji</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Naylor, Robin Andrew</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Smith, Jeremy</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>other</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AO</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:4
Date: 2015-04-01

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      <datestamp>2015-04-01T15:33:43Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>In this paper I consider the following problem: there is a collection of exogenously given socially feasible sets, and for each one of them, each one of a group of individuals chooses from an individually feasible set.&#13;
The fact that the product of the individually feasible sets is larger than the socially feasible set notwithstanding, there arises no conflict between individuals. Assuming that individual preferences are random, I here characterize collective choices in terms of the way in which individual&#13;
preferences must co-vary in order to explain them. I do this by combining standard revealed preference theory and its counterpart under random preferences. I also argue that there exist collective choices that cannot be rationalized, and hence that the individual rationality assumption can be&#13;
refuted.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/4/1/WRAP_Carvajal_dpe0429.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Royal Holloway College, Department of Economics</dc:publisher><dc:subject>HB</dc:subject><dc:title>Individually-rational collective choice</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Carvajal, Andrés M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:1
Date: 2015-07-24

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      <datestamp>2015-07-24T09:50:53Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>We present a neural network methodology for learning game-playing rules in general. Existing research suggests learning to find a Nash equilibrium in a new game is too difficult a task for a neural network, but says little about what it will do instead. We observe that a neural network trained to find Nash equilibria in a known subset of games, will use self-taught rules developed endogenously when facing new games. These rules are close to payoff dominance and its best response. Our findings are consistent with existing experimental results, both in terms of subject's methodology and success rates.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier Science BV</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/economics/staff/faculty/sgroi/papers/2007_wp_nn.pdf</dc:relation><dc:relation>http://www.econ.cam.ac.uk/dae/repec/cam/pdf/wp0207.pdf</dc:relation><dc:source>0167-2681</dc:source><dc:subject>HB</dc:subject><dc:title>Learning to play 3 x 3 games : neural networks as bounded-rational players</dc:title><rioxxterms:apc>not required</rioxxterms:apc><rioxxterms:author>Sgroi, Daniel</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Zizzo, Daniel John</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2009-01</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2008.09.008</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>

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