University of Worcester Research and Publications

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ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:283
Date: 2015-04-01

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ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:255
Date: 2016-05-18

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:255</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-05-18T11:27:48Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This paper reports on the experiences of the first year of operation of a novel on-line health psychology module. Results from the first year indicated a number of pertinent issues: firstly, students performed in examinations at a higher level than with “traditional lectures” and their performance was correlated with usage of the material. Furthermore, students appeared to enjoy the material. However, there was some reluctance to develop an independent learning style. These results suggest that although on-line learning has many positives, tutors are going to have to ensure that the material is developed in an interactive and engaging fashion and students should not forget their responsibility for their own learning.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>British Psychological Society</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.bps.org.uk/</dc:relation><dc:source>The Psychologist in Wales</dc:source><dc:subject>LB2300</dc:subject><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:title>Experiences with an On-line Health Psychology Course.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Upton, Dominic</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Cooper, C.D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:254
Date: 2016-05-18

RIOXX

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:254</identifier>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Health psychology is taught across a range of courses throughout higher education institutions in the UK. This study aimed firstly to produce online teaching material in health psychology, ensuring that students from a range of courses and levels can access appropriate material. The&#13;
second aim, which is the focus of this report, was to explore students’ views on the material, their performance with the material and to explore any student group differences. Results suggested that some students taught through the online medium performed at a higher level in&#13;
examinations than those taught through ‘traditional lectures’, and performance was correlated with usage of the material for psychology students. Furthermore, students appeared to enjoy the material although there was some reluctance to develop an independent learning style. There was also a noted difference between different student groups in terms of their views on the material and the rewards derived from it. It was apparent that material has to be developed that can both engage and motivate learners, thereby further developing independent learning, and that this may have to be tailored dependent on a number of student factors.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Higher Education Academy Psychology Network</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.psychology.heacademy.ac.uk</dc:relation><dc:source>Psychology Learning and Teaching (PLAT)</dc:source><dc:subject>LB2300</dc:subject><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:title>Online Health Psychology: Do Students Need It, Use It, Like It, and Want It?</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Upton, Dominic</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Cooper, C.D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003-06</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:250
Date: 2015-05-20

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper outlines the development of international firms over the period from 1870 to 1945. It shows how British and other European trading firms developed international investment operations using the medium of free-standing companies. This was the origin of Royal Dutch Shell amongst other firms. It then considers the emergence of international Foreign Direct Investment that was stimulated by the developments of the Second Industrial Revolution in the latter years of the nineteenth century. The production of standardised products using system of mass production, and the scientific breakthroughs in chemistry and electrical engineering, amongst others, brought to the fore international firms such as Siemens and General Electric, Singer, British American Tobacco and Ford. The growth of these enterprises suffered a setback during the First World War from which German firms were slow to recover. The Great Depression that followed the US stock market crash in 1929 brought the first era of globalisation to an end. The work of Alfred D. Chandler and Geoffrey Jones in explaining the development of international companies is given particular attention.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.worc.ac.uk/250/1/Evolution_of_International_Business.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>International Thomson</dc:publisher><dc:source>1861523521</dc:source><dc:subject>HC</dc:subject><dc:subject>HD28</dc:subject><dc:title>The Evolution of International Business Enterprise</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Cox, Howard</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:contributor>John, R.</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:publication_date>1997</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Book chapter</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:248
Date: 2015-08-07

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>A biography and bibliography of James Lennox Kerr, who wrote for children as Peter Dawlish. In addition to his own name, he also used the pseudonym Gavin Douglas.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.worc.ac.uk/248/1/Peter_Dawlish_articleF.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>(not published in a journal)</dc:source><dc:subject>PZ</dc:subject><dc:title>Sea Adventures: Peter Dawlish (James Lennox Kerr), a Writer Amongst Artists.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bigger, Stephen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:247
Date: 2015-08-07

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ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:246
Date: 2015-08-07

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      <datestamp>2015-08-07T14:31:11Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Spiritual education concerns the quality of our thinking about ourselves, our relationships, our sense of worth and identity, and our sense of well-being.  All curriculum subjects can contribute to this search for meaning. Religious education and the act of worship can contribute but are in practice very problematic if dogma inhibits open reflection. No one tradition of spirituality should be promoted since spirituality is a process. The world faiths provide starting points, but life provides more. The human spirit may be finite or eternal; but we are concerned with the here and now and education should promote open qualitative questioning.&#13;
* First published in 2003 in Prospero: A Journal of New Thinking for Education vol 9, no 1, pp.12-18. This version has been revised.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.worc.ac.uk/246/1/ProsperoSpirituality.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Ingleside-Ashby</dc:publisher><dc:source>Prospero: A Journal of New Thinking for Education</dc:source><dc:subject>LB2361</dc:subject><dc:subject>LB</dc:subject><dc:subject>B1</dc:subject><dc:subject>BL</dc:subject><dc:title>Spirituality as a Process within the School Curriculum.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bigger, Stephen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:245
Date: 2015-08-07

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Review of Piper, H and Stronach I (eds) 2004 Educational Research: Difference and Diversity (Cardiff Papers in Qualitative Research)  Aldershot: Ashgate Publishers. £45.00. IBSN 0754633551&#13;
&#13;
This collection of papers on educational methodology  are drawn from two conferences, ‘Realism, Relativism or Post-Modernism’ (1997) and ‘Feminism and Educational Research Methodologies’ (1999), suitably updated and with additional material. The overview and introduction are given in the final chapter, with separate text from each editor side by side in two columns. This overview is critical, even ‘rude’ (Piper’s word) so as not to seem to be 'sycophantic'...</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.worc.ac.uk/245/1/PiperStronachjbv.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Routledge (Taylor &amp; Francis)</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.informaworld.com</dc:relation><dc:source>1361-7672</dc:source><dc:subject>LB</dc:subject><dc:subject>B1</dc:subject><dc:subject>L1</dc:subject><dc:title>Difference and Diversity. (Review Article)</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bigger, Stephen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005-04</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13617670500047731</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:242
Date: 2015-08-07

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>A review of J. Kincheloe and S Steinberg, (1998) Changing Multiculturalism Thousand Oaks: Sage.&#13;
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ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:241
Date: 2015-08-07

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ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:240
Date: 2015-08-07

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ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:238
Date: 2016-02-12

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Date: 2016-02-12

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ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:235
Date: 2015-08-07

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ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:232
Date: 2015-08-06

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The origins of British-based trading companies are to be found in the international mercantile networks which linked together Britain's commercial centres with the rest of the world during the nineteenth century. One such network, drawing together participants with operations in Singapore and Sarawak, was formalized under the title of The Borneo Company Limited (BCL) between 1851 and 1856. To function effectively, these inter-personal networks of merchants required a high degree of trustworthiness among the participants in order to overcome principal/agent problems, since direct supervision from the headquarters in London was not feasible. However, in order to expand, it was necessary to widen the circle of network participants and to incorporate new types of competence. This contribution analyses the early history of BCL with a view to understanding the way in which the process of growth was managed, distinguishing between three different types of expansion: engaging in production as well as trade; extending the geographical scope of the organization; and diversifying into new markets.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.worc.ac.uk/232/1/Preprint.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Taylor &amp; Francis</dc:publisher><dc:source>1743-792X (electronic) 1360-2381 (paper)</dc:source><dc:subject>HD28</dc:subject><dc:subject>HB</dc:subject><dc:subject>DS</dc:subject><dc:subject>D1</dc:subject><dc:title>The Borneo Company Limited:The Origins of a Nineteenth Century Networked Multinational</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Cox, Howard</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Metcalfe, S.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1998</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13602389812331288294</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:225
Date: 2015-09-28

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This research examines the impact of flow regulation on the spatial distribution and dynamics of physical habitats or channel geomorphic units (CGU) of the Soca River, an upland river system in Slovenia.  In order to assess the impact of flow alteration on the spatial pattern of CGU type, size, hydraulics and distribution, a river channel survey was completed along three reaches (totalling 14.3km), i.e. an unregulated stretch and two regulated reaches (with reduced flows).  In addition, one regulated reach was re-surveyed at different discharges to investigate the dynamics of CGU’s and their relationship with flow.  &#13;
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CGU’s were classified and mapped on foot and from a boat using a combination of visual assessment and physical measurements of velocity and depth in each CGU.  Mapping-grade GPS was used to locate CGU boundaries to sub-metre accuracy, and the application of GIS (MapInfo) enabled the description and analysis of the longitudinal distribution of CGU’s along each reach.&#13;
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ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:224
Date: 2015-09-28

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper sets out to examine the effects of flow regulation on the size, spatial distribution and connectivity of physical habitats or channel geomorphic units (CGU) of an upland river system in Slovenia.   A river channel survey was completed along three reaches (totalling 14.3km) of the Soča River in order compare an unregulated stretch (reach 1), with two regulated reaches with lower discharges, i.e. a bypassed section that experiences significant flow reduction (reach 2), and a stretch regulated by dam operation (reach 3).  CGU’s were classified according to a modified version of the Hawkins et al (1993) system, and mapped on foot and from a boat using a combination of visual assessment and physical measurement.  Mapping-grade GPS was used to locate CGU boundaries to sub-metre accuracy, and the application of GIS (MapInfo) enabled the description and analysis of the longitudinal distribution of CGU’s along each reach.&#13;
Results demonstrated significant differences in the CGU composition between the unregulated and regulated reaches.  The unregulated stretch (reach 1) was dominated by the glides (55%) with relatively fast-flowing and turbulent features (runs, riffles and rapids) making up the rest of the reach.  The dominant feature of both of the regulated reaches were the slow flowing pool CGU’s occupying 44% of the bypassed section (reach 2), and 76% of the dam regulated section (reach 3), with glides, runs, riffles and rapids forming the remainder of the CGU’s.  &#13;
Physical measurements highlighted the extent to which the reduced discharge in the regulated reaches was dewatering the channel and reducing the size of the CGU’s.  The average CGU size in the unregulated stretch (reach 1) was 58m2 of water area per m of channel length (m2/m) compared to 18.42m2/m in the reach 2, and 29.22m2/m in reach 3.  CGU’s tended to be shorter, and hence there was greater habitat division or fragmenta-tion evident in the two regulated reaches, particularly the bypassed section.  For example, there were on aver-age 6.81 CGU’s per km in the unregulated reach (reach 1), 18.12 CGU/km in reach 2, and 8.08 CGU/km in reach 3.    &#13;
This study suggests that in the Soča River under the flow conditions present during the survey, flow regula-tion alters the dominant types of CGU’s present (to slower flowing and less turbulent features), significantly reduces the size of CGU’s, and affects the longitudinal distribution of types by reducing habitat connectivity and creating greater habitat fragmentation.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.worc.ac.uk/224/1/Maddock_et_al_for_Silkeborg.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>National Environmental Research Institute, Denmark</dc:publisher><dc:source>8777728734</dc:source><dc:subject>G1</dc:subject><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>GB</dc:subject><dc:subject>QH301</dc:subject><dc:title>The Effect of Flow Regulation on Channel Geomorphic Unit (CGU) Composition in the Soča River, Slovenia.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Maddock, Ian</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hill, Graham</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Smolar-Žvanut, N.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:contributor>Harby, Atle</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Baptist, Martin</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Duel, Harm</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Dunbar, Michael</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Goethals, Peter</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Huusko, Ari</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Ibbotson, Anton</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Mader, Helmut</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Pedersen, Morten Lauge</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Schmutz, Stefan</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Schneider, Matthias</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:project funder_name="European Science Foundation">COST626 Aquatic Habitat Modelling</rioxxterms:project><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Book chapter</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:221
Date: 2015-05-07

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ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:220
Date: 2015-07-23

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ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:219
Date: 2015-08-06

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper provides a detailed analysis of the evolving relationship between the British trading company John Swire and Sons and its Chinese partners involved in the distribution of its products, notably sugar. From the nineteenth century, Swire had utilised the Chinese system of the Comprador. The article identifies various weakness of the Comprador system from a management perspective but illustrates that, despite its evident shortcomings, Swire formally continued to recognise the system until the 1930s. However, in line with Jones’ notion of the adaptability of British trading companies, the paper concludes that significant changes in the corporate architecture of Swire had actually begun to be put in place from the early twentieth century. The emergence of a modern, managerially-based system of organisation in Swire before the 1930s suggests that the image of British trading companies as generally undynamic business institutions is of dubious validity.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.worc.ac.uk/219/1/Swire.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Taylor &amp; Francis</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.tandf.co.uk</dc:relation><dc:source>0007-6791</dc:source><dc:subject>HC</dc:subject><dc:subject>HD28</dc:subject><dc:subject>D880</dc:subject><dc:subject>DS</dc:subject><dc:subject>DA</dc:subject><dc:title>Compradors, Firm Architecture and the ‘Reinvention’ of British Trading Companies: John Swire &amp; Sons’ Operations in Early Twentieth Century China.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Cox, Howard</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Huang, B.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Metcalfe, S.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:project funder_name="South Bank University Research Development Fund">Anglo-Chinese business relations</rioxxterms:project><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003-04</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/713999308</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:216
Date: 2015-08-07

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      <datestamp>2015-08-07T14:29:23Z</datestamp>
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ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:214
Date: 2016-12-23

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      <datestamp>2016-12-23T10:23:20Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The impact of channel morphology and flow on physical habitat availability for the two-spined blackfish (Gadopsis bispinosus) was assessed in the Cotter River, ACT, Australia. Physical habitat requirements for three life stages were identified based on previous field sampling in the Cotter River. Two sites were selected with contrasting channel morphology: Spur Hole, with a moderate gradient and runs and glides, and Vanity’s Crossing, with a steeper gradient, rapids, and fast-flowing pools. Physical Habitat Simulation System (PHABSIM) was used to simulate the flow v. physical habitat availability relationship for each life stage at both sites. Clear differences were apparent between sites, with Spur Hole characterised by increasing habitat with increasing flow and Vanity’s Crossing showing the opposite relationship. The nature of the channel morphology determined this difference, with Spur Hole characterised by marginal zones becoming inundated at higher flows and providing additional suitable physical habitat as discharge increases. Vanity’s Crossing does not contain similar marginal zones. Further analysis demonstrated that high water velocity was the most important factor limiting physical habitat availability at both sites. This approach demonstrates the importance of channel morphology in determining physical habitat availability and an alternative use of PHABSIM to highlight limiting factors for target species.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>CSIRO Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.publish.csiro.au</dc:relation><dc:source>1323-1650</dc:source><dc:subject>G1</dc:subject><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>GB</dc:subject><dc:subject>QH301</dc:subject><dc:title>Identifying the Influence of Channel Morphology on Physical Habitat Availability for Native Fish: Application to the Two-spined Blackfish (Gadopsis bispinosus) in the Cotter River, Australia.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Maddock, Ian</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Thoms, M.C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jonson, K.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dyer, F.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Lintermans, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004-03</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/MF03114</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:213
Date: 2015-09-28

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      <datestamp>2015-09-28T14:25:30Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Recent studies of river bank erosion in three catchments in the UK have been characterized by the persistent occurrence of negative erosion-pin results. The cause of these negative recordings is considered with reference to field data from the Afon Trannon, Nant Tanllwyth and River Arrow, and to a laboratory study of freeze-thaw and desiccation processes. It seems that there is potential for, and in some cases evidence of, a number of different circumstances that generate negative results, but none of these alone is sufficient to explain all incidents. Factors considered include: deposition of sediment during high flows; soil fall from the upper parts of the bank on to lower erosion pins; loosening of the soil surface and expansion/contraction of the soil mass with fluctuations in temperature and moisture content; movement of the erosion-pin within the bank and human interference. Each has its own implications for the use of erosion pins. &#13;
Further issues arise when including negative data in subsequent data analysis, and it is demonstrated that attempts to correlate erosion rates with hydro-meteorological data in order to ascertain causes of erosion will be influenced by the way in which negative data are handled. It is thus suggested that any study of river bank erosion using erosion pins should state whether or not negative data were obtained, and if so, how they were included in data analysis. Failure to include this information could lead to comparison of mean erosion rates that reflect bank processes very differently. &#13;
The studies presented here offer a clear example of the value of anomalous field data: results which do not appear to fit expected patterns can reveal as much about the processes in operation as those that do.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>John Wiley and Sons Ltd.</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://eu.wiley.com/</dc:relation><dc:source>0197 9337</dc:source><dc:subject>G1</dc:subject><dc:subject>GB</dc:subject><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:title>Insights into River Bank Erosion Processes Derived from Analysis of Negative Erosion-pin Recordings: Observations from Three Recent UK Studies.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Couper, Pauline</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Stott, T.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Maddock, Ian</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2002-01</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/esp.285</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:211
Date: 2015-08-07

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:211</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-08-07T11:34:59Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The Upper Derwent catchment is situated in the Peak District National Park in North Derbyshire, England and&#13;
includes the Derwent Valley Reservoir System. The natural inflows to the reservoir system are boosted by flow&#13;
diversion schemes from the River Ashop and River Noe, leaving almost dry stretches in these rivers for long periods of time. Compensation releases are made into Jaggers Clough and the River Derwent. This study examined the possibility of altering the operation of the diversion scheme and compensation flow releases, both temporally and&#13;
spatially to restore flows within these dry reaches. The overall intention was to minimize the ecological impacts of&#13;
regulation in the four rivers whilst protecting the yield of this critical public water supply.&#13;
The study utilized the Physical Habitat Simulation System (PHABSIM) to identify and compare feasible operational changes. This technique enables quantitative comparisons of the suitable habitat available under different&#13;
flow regime scenarios.&#13;
Brown Trout is the most abundant fish species in the Upper Derwent streams, with Grayling, Brook Lamprey and&#13;
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Habitat mapping along four stretches of river totalling 10 km was carried out in the summer of 1998, followed by&#13;
PHABSIM fieldwork on 24 transects in the autumn. This information was utilized to examine the tradeoffs in habitat availability between reinstating flows in the dry stretches of river, and reducing compensation flows elsewhere to minimize the supply impact. Various operating scenarios were examined and two sets of compensation control rules proposed for normal and drought years. Each set included seasonal variability in the rules.&#13;
The PHABSIM work described here is the first stage in the process of developing a more ecologically acceptable&#13;
flow regime in the Upper Derwent catchment. The decision on the final implementation will be subject to further&#13;
resource modelling and negotiation between the Environment Agency, the water company and local interested&#13;
stakeholders.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>John Wiley and Sons Ltd.</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.eu.wiley.com</dc:relation><dc:source>1535-1459</dc:source><dc:subject>G1</dc:subject><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>GB</dc:subject><dc:subject>QH301</dc:subject><dc:title>Reallocation of Compensation Releases to Restore River Flows and Improve Instream Habitat Availability in the Upper Derwent Catchment, Derbyshire, UK</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Maddock, Ian</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bickerton, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Spence, R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Pickering, T.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2001-07</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rrr.663</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:208
Date: 2016-01-15

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ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:206
Date: 2016-05-18

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:206</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-05-18T11:32:15Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper re-examines the organisational charlatan scale using a sample of Nigerian managers. The predictors of charlatan (false) behaviour and its relationship with four other variables were investigated. Survey data was collected using self-report questionnaires, with usable questionnaires obtained from a sample of 565 managers in the private and public sector of Nigeria. The results revealed a positive and significant relationship between charlatan behaviour on one hand and perception of business ethics, continuance and normative commitments on the other but an inverse relationship with affective commitment. Continuance commitment, perception of business ethics and normative commitment emerged significant predictors of charlatan behaviour in that other of strength. Charlatan behaviour was also found to be a multidimensional construct with four dimensions identified. Managerial implications for employee selection and evaluation were discussed and suggestions made for future studies.</dc:description><dc:format>application/msword</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.worc.ac.uk/206/1/T11_Gbolahan_Gbadamosi.doc</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:relation>http://www.iaabd.org</dc:relation><dc:source>Building New Strategic Partnerships for Africa’s Economic Development</dc:source><dc:subject>HF</dc:subject><dc:subject>HD28</dc:subject><dc:subject>BJ</dc:subject><dc:title>False Performance as Unethical Behaviour: Re-examining the Organisational Charlatan Scale.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Gbadamosi, Gbolahan</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Osuagwu, L.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007-05</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:205
Date: 2015-08-17

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:205</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-08-17T16:01:55Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify predictors of charlatan behaviour and investigate relationships among the construct and other variables like: trust in management, organisational commitment, turnover intention, supervisory support, job performance and some job characteristics in Botswana and Swaziland.&#13;
&#13;
Design/methodology/approach – Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires in this survey. Usable questionnaires were received from a total of 484 respondents. Respondents were from public and private sector. Five hypotheses were tested. &#13;
&#13;
Findings – Result shows a strong and significant inverse relationship between charlatan behaviour and trust on the one hand and a direct significant relationship with continuance commitment on the other. Supervisory support, employee participation and goal clarity were also significantly albeit inversely correlated with charlatan behaviour but not so with all other study variables. The significant predictors of charlatan behaviour were trust in management and continuance commitment.&#13;
 &#13;
Research limitations/implications – The predictor variables for charlatan behaviour in this study were few and the sample is heavily skewed towards the public sector. Future studies would benefit from looking at how co-worker trust and ethical behaviour scales would relate to charlatan behaviour, as well as cross-cultural and multi-cultural comparison. &#13;
&#13;
Practical implications – Deliberate management policies that build trust, identify and tackle charlatan behaviour during selection and performance evaluation while sustaining employee commitment is vital. So is dealing with the potential problems posed by charlatans especially the possibility of upsetting and demotivating other sincere and committed employees. &#13;
&#13;
Originality/value – The paper re-awakens a new task for HR practitioners and researchers: that of identifying organisational charlatans. Also striving to create sustained commitment while building trust and segregating (or incorporating where possible) charlatans.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Emerald</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.emeraldinsight.com/0262.1711.htm</dc:relation><dc:source>0622-1711</dc:source><dc:subject>HD28</dc:subject><dc:title>Predicting Charlatan Behaviour in a Non-Western Setting: Lack of Trust or Absence of Commitment?</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Gbadamosi, Gbolahan</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ndaba, J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Oni, F.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/02621710710777264</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:204
Date: 2015-07-23

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      <datestamp>2015-07-23T21:26:55Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This paper reflects on conferences of the first five years of the International Academy of African Business and Development (IAABD:  2000—2004) focusing specifically on the conference proceedings. The papers presented at the five conferences and published in its proceedings were reviewed and analysed in terms of functional areas covered, the research methodologies employed as well as the geographical spread and country focus of the authors. The analysis demonstrates a number of significant achievements for IAABD and identifies a number of challenges for the future.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Haworth Press</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://jab.haworthpress.com</dc:relation><dc:source>1522-8916</dc:source><dc:subject>HF</dc:subject><dc:subject>LG</dc:subject><dc:title>IAABD Five Years After: Looking Back To the Future.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Gbadamosi, Gbolahan</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Iyanda, O.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J156v08n01_08</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:202
Date: 2016-05-18

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ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:200
Date: 2016-05-18

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ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:191
Date: 2016-05-18

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Although the angle and base of gait are useful parameters commonly measured in podiatric medical practice, a standardized procedure has yet to be defined. Static footprints and clinical tracings of the perimeters of both feet were investigated in 25 asymptomatic subjects (17 women and 8 men). The intrarater reliability of each measurement condition was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficients and ranged from 0.965 to 0.981 for the angle of gait and from 0.979 to 0.986 for the base of gait. Both sets of data were compared using paired t-tests and demonstrated no significant differences (P &gt; .001) for the angle and base of gait. The results suggest that footprint data and a simple clinical tracing of the foot are similar, providing a useful clinical tool for static assessment of the angle and base of gait.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>American Podiatric Medical  Association</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.apma.org/s_apma/index.asp</dc:relation><dc:source>8750-7315</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:title>Quantifying the Quasi-Static Angle and Base of Gait: a Preliminary Investigation Comparing Footprints and a Clinical Method.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Curran, S.A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Upton, Dominic</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Leary, I.D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2006-03</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:188
Date: 2015-07-27

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The rationale that subtalar joint position, reflected by calcaneal alignment, determines foot morphology was used to formulate an approach to examination of the validity of three measures of "foot type": the Staheli Arch Index, the Chippaux-Smirak Index, and navicular height. Each measure was calculated in five positions, progressively inverting from a reference position of maximal comfortable eversion. Pearson product moment correlations (Staheli Arch Index: r = 0.5; Chippaux-Smirak Index: r = 0.6; and navicular height: r = 0.8) indicated that each measure progressively increased with inversion. The change in calcaneal position required to produce significant changes in each measure was investigated using analysis of variance with Scheffé post hoc analysis. This analysis revealed that changes of 15 degrees and 20 degrees were required to produce significant differences in Chippaux-Smirak Index and Staheli Arch Index scores, respectively, threatening their validity. Navicular height was sensitive to smaller changes of 10 degrees and thus displays greater sensitivity to changes in calcaneal position than the footprint parameters tested.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>American Podiatric Medical Association</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.apma.org/s_apma/index.asp</dc:relation><dc:source>8750-7315</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:title>Examining the Validity of Selected Measures of Foot Type: a Preliminary Study.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Mathieson, I.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Upton, Dominic</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Prior, T.D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004-05</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:186
Date: 2015-08-03

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Although the negative effect of epilepsy on patient's psychosocial well-being has been increasingly documented in the last decade, the influence of the condition on the family has attracted much less interest. This paper reviews the present state of family research, examining the influence of both childhood and adulthood epilepsy on the psychological and social well-being of family members. Studies indicate that epilepsy may cause high levels of psychosocial difficulties for all family members, including stigmatization, stress, psychiatric morbidity, marital problems, poor self esteem and restriction of social activities. Studies also suggest that the family environment may be an important intervening factor between the condition and the outcome for the family unit, and a number of family factors are reviewed which have been suggested to mediate this relationship, with recommendations being made for their use in intervention studies. Shortcomings of the family studies to date are discussed and these include: concentration on examination of issues around family life, studies being based on reports from single members of the family and the selection of subjects from clinical populations. Recommendations are made concerning methodological and conceptual issues that need addressing for future research. Copyright 2000 BEA Trading Ltd.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/623071/description?navopenmenu=-2</dc:relation><dc:source>Seizure - European Journal of Epilepsy</dc:source><dc:subject>HQ</dc:subject><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:title>Epilepsy and the Family: a Review of Current Literature</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Upton, Dominic</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ellis, N.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Thompson, P.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2000-01</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:182
Date: 2015-08-03

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>There are policy pressures to make agriculture more environmentally sustainable and to give a more local expression to agri-environmental priorities. This paper considers these moves, with particular reference to the beef sector, and speculates on the further policy responses required to facilitate benign local agri-environmental management. The UK beef sector is characterized by its complexity and diversity but four major systems can be identified operating at varying levels of intensity. Of these, suckler herds and grass-rearing systems have long been associated with high natural value forms of agricultural land management. Many of the cherished habitats and landscapes of the UK are dependent upon grazing for their ecological and amenity value. However a combination of the BSE crisis, the strength of sterling and the recent Foot &amp; Mouth epidemic threatens the sustainability of these high nature value grazing systems. The importance of grazing to fifty selected Sites of Special Scientific Interest is highlighted in the paper. Survey work identified a wide range of systems to be particularly vulnerable to changes in profitability in the beef sector, including: coastal grazing marsh, wet acidic grassland / marshland, upland moor and heath, calcareous grassland and neutral grassland. To maintain these systems requires agricultural policy to be more sensitive to local conditions than appears currently to be the case. There is little policy support for beef farmers in a regional context, still less giving special prominence to those farming within particular biotopes. Nor has there been sufficient policy encouragement to markets for traditional and local beef breeds. The continuing pressure for CAP reform offers further opportunity for policies to be devolved to regions and localities.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.worc.ac.uk/182/1/beef2002.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>John Wiley</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleListURL&amp;_method=list&amp;_ArticleListID=628092465&amp;_sort=d&amp;view=c&amp;_acct=C000024118&amp;_version=1&amp;_urlVersion=0&amp;_userid=495664&amp;md5=7b3afb411424e8255798ab467bd95d0a</dc:relation><dc:source>Land Use Policy</dc:source><dc:subject>S1</dc:subject><dc:subject>SF</dc:subject><dc:title>Re-assessing Agrarian Policy and Practice in Local Environmental Management: The Case of Beef Cattle</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Evans, Nick</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gaskell, P.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Winter, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0264-8377(03)00026-7</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:181
Date: 2015-08-06

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:181</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-08-06T11:44:23Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Future research directions for agricultural geography were the subject of debate in Area in the late 1980s. The subsequent application of political economy ideas undoubtedly revived interest in agricultural research. This paper argues that agricultural geography contains greater diversity than the dominant political economy discourse would suggest. It reviews ‘other’ areas of agricultural research on policy, post-productivism, people, culture and animals, presenting future suggestions for research. They should ensure that agricultural research continues revitalized rather than redundant into the next millennium.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.worc.ac.uk/181/1/AREA.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:relation>http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1475-4762.1999.tb00101.x?journalCode=area</dc:relation><dc:source>Area</dc:source><dc:subject>S1</dc:subject><dc:subject>G1</dc:subject><dc:title>Research on the Geography of Agricultural Change: Redundant or Revitalized?</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Morris, C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Evans, Nick</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:180
Date: 2015-08-06

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:180</identifier>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>It is accepted that British rural geography has actively engaged with the ‘cultural turn’, leading to a resurgence of research within the sub-discipline. However, a reading of recent reviews suggests that the cultural turn has largely, if not completely, bypassed those geographers interested in the agricultural sector. Farming centred engagements with notions of culture have been relatively limited compared with those concerned with the non-agricultural aspects of rural space. Indeed, agricultural geography represents something of an awkward case in the context of the disciplinary turn to culture, a situation that demands further exposition. In seeking explanation, it becomes evident that research on the farm sector is more culturally informed than initially appears. This paper argues that there have been both interesting and important engagements between agricultural geography and cultural perspectives over the past decade. The paper elaborates four specific areas of research which provide evidence for concern about the ‘culture’ within agriculture. The future contribution that culturally informed perspectives in geographical research can bring to agricultural issues is outlined by way of conclusion.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.worc.ac.uk/180/1/nick_evans_agricult.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.elsevier.com/</dc:relation><dc:source>ISSN: 0743-0167</dc:source><dc:subject>S1</dc:subject><dc:subject>G1</dc:subject><dc:title>Agricultural Turns, Geographical Turns: Retrospect and Prospect.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Morris, C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Evans, Nick</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004-01</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0743-0167(03)00041-X</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:179
Date: 2015-08-06

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Drawing upon the 'Farmlife' pages of Farmer's Weekly, the most significant farming publication in the UK, this paper assesses the ways in which gender identities in farming are represented by its text and images. Lead articles from 1976 and 1996 issues of Farmlife are taken as the research focus to determine how representations have altered in line with restructuring of the agricultural industry. Reference is made to Connell's (1987) notions of hegemonic masculinity and emphasised femininity to inform the analysis about the ways in which these gender identities are (re)produced through the British farming media. A simple typology is derived from the articles which assists in revealing a remarkable degree of consistency in the portrayal of gender identities over time. The findings augment evidence from international research suggesting that dominant gender identities within agriculture are being perpetuated through the farming media. The implications of this are highlighted and suggestions made for research with the consumers of these media products.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.worc.ac.uk/179/1/nick_evans_cheesemakers.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Routledge</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/0966369X.asp</dc:relation><dc:source>Gender, Place and Culture - A Journal of Feminist Geography</dc:source><dc:subject>S1</dc:subject><dc:subject>GF</dc:subject><dc:subject>HM</dc:subject><dc:title>Cheese Makers are Always Women: Gendered Representations of Farm Life in the Agricultural Press</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Morris, C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Evans, Nick</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2001-12-01</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:178
Date: 2015-07-27

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.worc.ac.uk/178/1/Pricevans_finalrev.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Ashgate</dc:publisher><dc:source>0754635171</dc:source><dc:subject>HQ</dc:subject><dc:subject>S1</dc:subject><dc:subject>GF</dc:subject><dc:subject>HM</dc:subject><dc:title>Work and Worry: Revealing Farm Women's Way of Life</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Price, L.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Evans, Nick</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Book chapter</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:176
Date: 2015-04-02

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Review of a collaboration between United Nations Research Institute for Social development (UNRISD) and the Department of Peace and Conflict Research at Uppsala University Sweden. Ashok Swain discusses ‘Knowledge, Identity and Power’. He links education and power through the control of knowledge. Knowledge he argues can be used despotically through a ‘master discourse’ designed to impose national identity; or knowledge is owned by people whose critical skills have been sharpened.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.worc.ac.uk/176/1/Swain_ReviewJBV_eprints.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Taylor and Francis</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/index/HP461266801W7801.pdf</dc:relation><dc:relation>http://librarysearch.worc.ac.uk/</dc:relation><dc:source>Print ISSN: 1361-7672  Online ISSN: 1469-9362</dc:source><dc:subject>LB</dc:subject><dc:title>Review of Education as Social Action: Knowledge, Identity and Power (Book Review)</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bigger, Stephen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2006-04</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13617670600616526</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:173
Date: 2015-07-26

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This report was produced as part of a NERC funded ‘Connect A’ project to establish a new collaborative partnership between the University of Worcester (UW) and Q-par Angus Ltd.  The project aim was to assess the potential of using complex Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) to image river bed morphology.  An assessment of the viability of sensors inserted vertically into the channel margins to provide real-time or near real-time monitoring of bed morphology is reported. Funding has enabled UW to carry out a literature review of the use of EIT and existing methods used for river bed surveys, and outline the requirements of potential end-users. Q-par Angus has led technical developments and assessed the viability of EIT for this purpose.&#13;
&#13;
EIT is one of a suite of tomographic imaging techniques and has already been used as an imaging tool for medical analysis, industrial processing and geophysical site survey work.  The method uses electrodes placed on the margins or boundary of the entity being imaged, and a current is applied to some and measured on the remaining ones.  Tomographic reconstruction uses algorithms to estimate the distribution of conductivity within the object and produce an image of this distribution from impedance measurements. &#13;
&#13;
The advantages of the use of EIT lie with the inherent simplicity, low cost and portability of the hardware, the high speed of data acquisition for real-time or near real-time monitoring, robust sensors, and the object being monitored is done so in a non-invasive manner.  The need for sophisticated image reconstruction algorithms, and providing images with adequate spatial resolution are key challenges.&#13;
&#13;
A literature review of the use of EIT suggests that to date, despite its many other applications, to the best of our knowledge only one study  has utilised EIT for river survey work (Sambuelli et al 2002).  The Sambuelli (2002) study supported the notion that EIT may provide an innovative way of describing river bed morphology in a cost effective way.  However this study used an invasive sensor array, and therefore the potential for using EIT in a non-invasive way in a river environment is still to be tested.&#13;
&#13;
A review of existing methods to monitor river bed morphology indicates that a plethora of techniques have been applied by a range of disciplines including fluvial geomorphology, ecology and engineering.  However, none provide non-invasive, low costs assessments in real-time or near real-time.  Therefore, EIT has the potential to meet the requirements of end users that no existing technique can accomplish.&#13;
&#13;
Work led by Q-par Angus Ltd. has assessed the technical requirements of the proposed approach, including probe design and deployment, sensor array parameters, data acquisition, image reconstruction and test procedure.  Consequently, the success of this collaboration, literature review, identification of the proposed approach and potential applications of this technique have encouraged the authors to seek further funding to test, develop and market this approach through the development of a new environmental sensor.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.worc.ac.uk/173/1/Maddock_et_al_CONNECT_A_NE-E522559-1.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>University of Worcester</dc:publisher><dc:subject>Q1</dc:subject><dc:subject>T1</dc:subject><dc:subject>GB</dc:subject><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:title>Assessing the Viability of Complex Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) with a Spatially Distributed Sensor Array for Imaging of River Bed Morphology: a Proof of Concept (Study)</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Maddock, Ian</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Visser, Fleur</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hill, Graham</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Holliday, R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Wynn, D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:project funder_name="Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)">'Connect A' Scheme</rioxxterms:project><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:172
Date: 2015-04-02

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ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:171
Date: 2016-04-27

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The majority of midwifery practice and literature focuses on mothers with little research on fathers-to-be. This study was undertaken in order to gain a better understanding of men's psychological response to pregnancy in their partners. Data from a questionnaire and attitude scale survey were collected from 141 expectant fathers. Anxiety was not reported in a significant proportion of expectant fathers and this was not associated with age, social class or number of previous pregnancies. However, a significant proportion of fathers reported symptoms of couvade and an indication that psychological and emotional state altered during pregnancy. The study suggests that it would be beneficial for health-care professionals to recognize the needs of the father-to-be in a more holistic manner.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Mark Allen Publishing Ltd</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.markallengroup.com/healthcare/index.html</dc:relation><dc:relation>http://www.britishjournalofmidwifery.com/</dc:relation><dc:source>0969-4900</dc:source><dc:subject>HQ</dc:subject><dc:subject>RG</dc:subject><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:title>Expectant Fathers' Attitudes Towards Pregnancy.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Thomas, S.G.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Upton, Dominic</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2000-04-06</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:169
Date: 2016-05-18

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:format>application/msword</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.worc.ac.uk/169/1/GradRep.doc</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Report for Ministry of Education Botswana</dc:publisher><dc:subject>LG</dc:subject><dc:subject>L1</dc:subject><dc:title>Graduates’ Views of their Preparation for Teaching at Molepolole College of Education, Botswana.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Dart, Gareth</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Chadwick, S.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Davis, B.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Molefe, D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:168
Date: 2017-01-09

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Total pollen production per inflorescence was studied in the most important species of the Poaceae family in the city of Córdoba in order to further our knowledge of the partial contribution of each species of this family to the total amount of pollen released into the atmosphere. &#13;
The contribution of grasses in a given area was estimated by counting the number of inflorescences in an area of one square meter. Four different representative areas of the city were selected. The number of pollen grains per anther and flowers per inflorescence was also estimated in order to obtain total pollen production per inflorescence. &#13;
Pollen production per inflorescence ranged from 14,500 to more than 22,000,000 pollen grains, the amount being clearly higher in the perennial species. Pollen production per square meter was higher in the mountains near the city and lower in areas of abandoned crops. &#13;
Only a few species are responsible for the majority of pollen produced. A phenological study is necessary in order to determine the temporal distribution of this pollen production and subsequent shedding.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Taylor &amp; Francis</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.taylorandfrancis.com/</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0017-3134  Online: 1651-2049</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR</dc:subject><dc:title>Pollen Production in the Poaceae Family.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Prieto-Baena, Jose</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hidalgo, P.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Galán, C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Domínguez, E.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003-09</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00173130310011810</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:167
Date: 2017-01-09

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer New York</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://link.springer.com</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0007-4861  Online: 1432-0800</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR</dc:subject><dc:title>Solid Suspended Particles Affecting the Quality of Air in Urban Environments</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Prieto-Baena, Jose</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Cariñanos, P.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Galán, C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Domínguez, E.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2001-09</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s001280136</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:165
Date: 2017-01-06

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The occurrence of symptoms in pollen allergy patients in urban areas may be affected by local environmental factors such as sources of pollution, natural and ornamental vegetation, local architecture impeding dispersion, etc. The aim of this study was to analyse the frequency of sensitization in pollen allergy patients and the relationship with antihistamine sales.&#13;
For this study, a large number of clinical records, together with pharmaceutical and pollen data, were collected between 1999 and 2001 in the city of Córdoba, in the south of the Iberian Peninsula. Differences were observed in the symptoms suffered by pollen allergy patients in different areas of the city due to varying local emission of both biological and non-biological particles. Temporal distribution of symptoms over&#13;
the three study years was influenced by meteorological factors, especially rainfall patterns; higher water supply to plants was associated with increased airborne pollen concentrations. Air pollution might be one of the main factors affecting the distribution of pollen allergy patients within the city.&#13;
Recent years have seen a worsening of symptoms and increased sensitization to urban species such as plane-trees.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Esmon Publicidad</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.jiaci.org</dc:relation><dc:source>1018-9068</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR180</dc:subject><dc:title>Pollen Allergy in Cordoba City: Frequency of Sensitization and Relation with Antihistamine Sales</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Prieto-Baena, Jose</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Sánchez-Mesa, J.A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Serrano, P.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Cariñanos, P.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Moreno, C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Guerra, F.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Galán, C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:164
Date: 2017-01-06

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:164</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-01-06T16:58:21Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Background: Artemisia species pollen represents a major cause of allergy in Central Europe. Variations in the pollen season, the influence of climate variables and the prevalence of pollinosis to it were analyzed in Poznan, in western Poland between 1995 and 2004.  &#13;
Methods: A Hirst volumetric spore trap was used for atmospheric sampling. Pollination date trend analysis and Spearman correlation tests were performed. Skin prick tests (SPT) and allergen specific immunoglobulin (Ig)E antibody measurements were performed in 676 and 524 patients, respectively.&#13;
Results: The Artemisia species pollen season grew longer due to a clear advance in the starting day and only a slightly earlier end point; the peak day also came slightly earlier. Rainfall in the fi rst fortnight of July highly influenced pollen season severity. Temperature was directly correlated with daily Artemisia species pollen levels; relative humidity was inversely correlated. Twelve percent of patients had a positive SPT reaction to Artemisia species. Their symptoms were rhinitis and conjunctivitis (15%), atopic dermatitis (15%), chronic urticaria (14.3%), bronchial asthma (2.4%), and facial and disseminated dermatitis (1.3%). Elevated specifi c IgE concentrations were detected in the sera of 10.1% of patients.&#13;
Conclusions: Artemisia species pollen is an important cause of pollinosis in western Poland. Pollen season intensity is highly influenced by rainfall in the previous weeks. Trends towards earlier season starts and longer duration, possibly caused by climate change, may have an impact on the allergic population.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Esmon Publicidad</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.jiaci.org</dc:relation><dc:source>1018-9068</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR</dc:subject><dc:title>Prevalence of Artemisia Species Pollinosis in Western Poland: Impact of Climate Change on Aerobiological Trends, 1995-2004</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Prieto-Baena, Jose</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Stach, Alicja</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>García-Mozo, H.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Czarnecka-Operacz, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jenerowicz, D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Silny, W.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Galán, C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:163
Date: 2016-02-16

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:163</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-02-16T10:01:27Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Pollen data from three samplers located at heights of 0.5m, 10m and 55 m were used to investigate vertical differences in pollen abundance in North-Central London. Weekly accumulative counts for all pollen types were collected from February to September 1988. Distinct variations in abundance between the sites were recorded for some pollen taxa. For example,Gramineae recorded greater abundance at the higher sampling position. Other pollen types, includingPlatanus, were recorded at consistently greater abundance at the 10 m height compared to the 55 m level. Significant differences between the pollen counts at these two heights are discussed in relation to pollen source area, the specific gravity of the pollen grain, airflow patterns of the urban area and the weather conditions affecting pollen dispersal. Tracer experiments using Lycopodium spores were employed to investigate dispersal patterns to all three sampling heights. The results from these trials are used to assist in the interpretation of data from the depositional samplers. The study reported in this paper forms part of a wider survey of 14 sampling sites examining spatial variations in pollen abundance.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer Netherlands</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://link.springer.com/</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0393-5965  Online: 1573-3025</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR</dc:subject><dc:title>Vertical Variation in Pollen Abundance in North-Central London</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bryant, Richard</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Norris-Hill, J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1989-12</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02486510</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:162
Date: 2016-02-16

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:162</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-02-16T10:02:51Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Annual differences in cumulative counts of Urticaceae pollen are found to relate primarily to the weather conditions during the pollen formative period (April and May) and secondarily to the weather prevailing during the season itself. Relative humidity, temperature, wind velocity and precipitation emerge as the most influential variables in the analysis of daily variations but their relative importance varies between years. Diurnal patterns in concentrations show general peaks occurring in the early even but the severity and exact timing of these relates closely to wind direction. The implications of these results are considered in the context of forecasting.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer Netherlands</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://link.springer.com/</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0393-5965  Online: 1573-3025</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR</dc:subject><dc:title>Annual, Daily, and Diurnal Variation of Urticaceae Pollen in North-Central London</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Norris-Hill, J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1991-06</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02450017</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
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Date: 2016-02-12

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Data from a Burkard volumetric sampler in a densely built-up area of North-central London, England are used to investigate the effects of rainfall on pollen concentrations over four years. Pollen counts generally decreased with rainfall, although several episodes of increased pollen concentration have been recorded in London following the onset of precipitation.&#13;
Pollen concentration is recorded as two-hourly pollen counts, while hourly records of nine meteorological variables, including rainfall amount and intensity, are obtained from the London site of the Meteorological Office. The two-hourly changes in concentration that take place during both «normal» rainfall events and during those displaying marked increases in pollen concentration are examined in relation to the patterns of rainfall, the wind regimes, synoptic situation and general characteristics of urban areas.&#13;
The influence of rainfall in removing pollen from the air is also examined in relation to the rainfall intensity and size of pollen grains for selected taxa.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer Netherlands</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://springerlinkmetapress.com</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0393-5965  Online: 1573-3025</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR</dc:subject><dc:title>The Incidence of Increases Pollen Concentrations During Rainfall in the Air of London</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Norris-Hill, J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1993-04</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02311367</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:160
Date: 2016-02-12

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:160</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-02-12T12:22:46Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The record of daily average grass pollen concentrations monitored at St Mary's Hospital, Paddington. London, U.K. since 1961 is the longest duration pollen data set in Europe. Analysis of the results identifies the trends and characteristics of grass pollen seasons over three decades. During this lime seasonal allergic rhinitis has increased significantly in Britain. The annual start dates, length of season and severity are examined in relation to the main meteorological variables of cumulated temperatures above 5-5°C and precipitation measured at one site within London and two in the surrounding rural areas. Land-use changes are also considered. Significant decreases have taken place in both the duration and severity of the seasons, particularly between the 1960s and the early 1970s but also through the last 20 yr. This is largely a result of a decrease in pollen abundance in the region. The decline in pollen counts has slowed in recent years due to the increase in flowering grasses caused by the seaside policy and by uncut verges. Grass pollen seasons have tended to start later over the last two decades, despite an increase in the cumulated temperature profiles during late winter and spring. Empirical models have been developed using multiple regressions to incorporate meteorological and pollen data for the last 20 yr in order to forecast the start dates. duration and severity of the grass pollen seasons. These models were applied successful using the data for 1991 and 1992. Predictions of the main characteristics on the pollen seasons can be obtained relatively early in the year through the use of these models by employing the monthly weather forecasts in conjunction with long-term average weather profiles.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.blackwellpublishing.com</dc:relation><dc:source>0954-7894</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR180</dc:subject><dc:title>Annual Variations in Grass Pollen Seasons in London 1961-1990</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Savage, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jones, S.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1993-11</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1365-2222.1993.tb00275.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:159
Date: 2016-02-12

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:159</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-02-12T12:37:54Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Recent climatic trends in Europe have been examined in the context of longer term variations and vegetation zonation. The most recent computer models of future climatic changes resulting from increasing carbon dioxide emissions are discussed in relation to the possible impacts that the predicted climatic shifts may have on the distribution and abundance of the main allergenic pollen types. The probable repercussions of these changes on the patterns and incidences of seasonal allergic rhinitis are considered. This study focuses on pollen from Betula, the Poaceae, Ambrosia, Parietaria and Olea, but also examines the implications of climatic change for other aeroallergens, including those from various crops such as Brassica species (oil-seed rape) and Helianthemum (sunflowers). In the case of natural distributions, the response of the plants to climatic changes are viewed in relation to the potential migration rates of the species. For agricultural crops, shifts in the location of productive areas involve agricultural economics both at the national and European community levels. In addition to broad regional impacts, this study examines the influence of increasing ultraviolet radiation on pollen production over various areas of Europe, and considers the effect of changing airflow trajectories on the long-range transport of pollen with pollution from central and northern Europe into Scandinavia.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.blackwellpublishing.com</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0105-4538  Online: 1398-9995</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR</dc:subject><dc:title>The Effects of Patterns in Climate and Pollen Abundance on Allergy</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1994-01</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1398-9995.1994.tb04233.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:158
Date: 2016-02-12

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Date: 2016-02-12

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.blackwellpublishing.com</dc:relation><dc:source>0954-7894</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR</dc:subject><dc:title>Plant Allergens on Pauci-Micronic Airborne Particles</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1995-03</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2222.1995.tb01029.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:156
Date: 2016-02-12

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:156</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-02-12T13:52:35Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Little research has been carried out in London concerning fungal spore prevalence yet this information may help to elucidate geographical patterns of asthma and hay fever. Although many types of spore reach peak concentrations outdoors in late-summer, the incidences in the indoor environment may be more important through the winter because of heating and poor ventilation. Daily average concentrations of fungal spores in the ambient atmosphere were monitored with a Burkard volumetric spore trap on an exposed roof in North London from autumn 1991 until the summer of 1992. Indoor spore measurements were taken in 19 homes in the vicinity through the winter months, both by direct air sampling using a portable Burkard sampler and by dust culture. Trends in the occurrence and concentrations of fungal spores indoors and outdoors were examined. Relationships between the abundance of selected allergenic fungi and features of the houses were analysed including age of dwelling, dampness, cleanliness and presence of pets.Aspergillus andPenicillium were the most frequently occurring spore types in the homes. Overall, high spore incidence was associated with dampness and dust accumulation. The outdoor spore samples revealed generally low concentrations through the winter until March when concentrations of many types includingCladosporium, Epicoccum andAlternaria increased in abundance in response to the warmer weather. Even during the late-spring and early-summer, concentrations of most fungal spores were notably below those reported for rural sites</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer Netherlands</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://springerlink.metapress.com</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0393-5965  Online: 1573-3025</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR180</dc:subject><dc:title>The Incidence of Fungal Spores in the Ambient Air and Inside Homes: Evidence from London</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Newman, Tim</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bryant, Richard</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02447205</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:153
Date: 2016-02-12

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:153</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-02-12T14:06:40Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Although early microscopists established the presence of pollens in the air in the 18th century, airborne pollens were not sampled until the end of the 19th century. For many years, the sedimentation slide was the commonest method of assessing airborne pollen concentrations but later, samplers originally developed for sampling airborne bacteria and fungal spores were utilised. In particular, the Hirst automatic volumetric spore trap, which was based on a cascade impactor but additionally allowed collection of the sample onto a moving slide, became the commonest method of pollen sampling. This allowed much more accurate assessments of pollen concentration than had previously been possible and more detailed studies of diurnal and seasonal periodicities. This article evaluates different pollen sampling methods and recently developed techniques for collecting pollen antigens for immunoassay and DNA amplification.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.elsevier.com/</dc:relation><dc:source>0021-8502</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR180</dc:subject><dc:title>Sampling Pollens</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Mullins, John</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1997-04</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-8502(96)00439-9</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:152
Date: 2016-12-23

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:152</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-12-23T10:58:45Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Background  A large epidemic of asthma occurred following a thunderstorm in southern and central England on 24/25 June 1994. A collaborative study group was formed.&#13;
&#13;
Objectives  To describe the epidemic and the meteorological, aerobiological and other environmental characteristics associated with it.&#13;
&#13;
Methods  Collation of data from the Meteorological Office, the Pollen Research Unit, the Department of the Environment's Automatic Urban Network, from health surveillance by the Department of Health and the National Poisons Unit, from clinical experience in general practice and hospitals, and from an immunological study of some of the affected cases from north east London.&#13;
&#13;
Results  The thunderstorm was a Mesoscale Convective System, an unusual and large form of storm with several centres and severe wind gusts. It occurred shortly after the peak grass pollen concentration in the London area. A sudden and extensive epidemic occurred within about an hour affecting possibly several thousand patients. Emergency services were stretched but the epidemic did not last long. Cases had high serum levels of IgE antibody to mixed grass pollen.&#13;
&#13;
Conclusion  This study supports the view that patients with specific IgE to grass pollen are at risk of thunderstorm-related asthma. The details of the causal pathway from storm to asthma attack are not clear. Case-control and time series studies are being carried out.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/</dc:relation><dc:source>0954-7894</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR180</dc:subject><dc:title>Thunderstorm Related Asthma - the Epidemic of 24/25 June 1994</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Venables, K.M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Allitt, U.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Collier, C.G.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Greig, J.B.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hardaker, P.J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Higham, J.H.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Laing-Morton, T.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Maynard, R.L.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Murray, V.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Strachan, D.P.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Tee, R.D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1997-07</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2222.1997.790893.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:151
Date: 2016-12-23

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:151</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-12-23T10:57:22Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Recent epidemics of acute asthma have caused speculation that, if their causes were known, early warnings might be feasible. In particular, some epidemics seemed to be associated with thunderstorms. We wondered what risk factors predicting epidemics could be identified. Daily asthma admissions counts during 1987-1994, for two age groups (0-14 yrs and &gt; or = 15 yrs), were measured using the Hospital Episodes System (HES). Epidemics were defined as combinations of date, age group and English Regional Health Authority (RHA) with exceptionally high asthma admission counts compared to the predictions of a log-linear autoregression model. They were compared with control days 1 week before and afterwards, regarding seven meteorological variables and 5 day average pollen counts for four species. Fifty six asthma epidemics were identified. The mean density of sferics (lightning flashes), temperature and rainfall on epidemic days were greater than those on control days. High sferics densities were overrepresented in epidemics. Simultaneously high sferics and grass pollen further increased the probability of an epidemic, but only to 15% (95% confidence interval 2-45%). Two thirds of epidemics were not preceded by thunderstorms. Thunderstorms and high grass pollen levels precede asthma epidemics more often than expected by chance. However, most epidemics are not associated with thunderstorms or unusual weather conditions, and most thunderstorms, even following high grass pollen levels, do not precede epidemics. An early warning system based on the indicators examined here would, therefore, detect few epidemics and generate an unacceptably high rate of false alarms.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>ERS Journals</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://erj.ersjournals.com</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0903-1936  Online: 1399-3003</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR180</dc:subject><dc:title>Acute Asthma Epidemics, Weather and Pollen in England, 1987-1994</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Newson, R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Strachan, D.P.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Archibald, E.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hardaker, P.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Collier, C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1998-03</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1183109031936.98.11030694</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:150
Date: 2016-02-12

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:150</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-02-12T14:32:46Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>BACKGROUND A study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between daily hospital admissions for asthma and air pollution in London in 1987-92 and the possible confounding and modifying effects of airborne pollen.&#13;
METHODS For all ages together and the age groups 0-14, 15-64 and 65+ years, Poisson regression was used to estimate the relative risk of daily asthma admissions associated with changes in ozone, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and particles (black smoke), controlling for time trends, seasonal factors, calendar effects, influenza epidemics, temperature, humidity, and autocorrelation. Independent effects of individual pollutants and interactions with aeroallergens were explored using two pollutant models and models including pollen counts (grass, oak and birch).&#13;
RESULTSIn all-year analyses ozone was significantly associated with admissions in the 15-64 age group (10 ppb eight hour ozone, 3.93% increase), nitrogen dioxide in the 0-14 and 65+ age groups (10 ppb 24 hour nitrogen dioxide, 1.25% and 2.96%, respectively), sulphur dioxide in the 0-14 age group (10 µg/m3 24 hour sulphur dioxide, 1.64%), and black smoke in the 65+ age group (10 µg/m3 black smoke, 5.60%). Significant seasonal differences were observed for ozone in the 0-14 and 15-64 age groups, and in the 0-14 age group there were negative associations with ozone in the cool season. In general, cumulative lags of up to three days tended to show stronger and more significant effects than single day lags. In two-pollutant models these associations were most robust for ozone and least for nitrogen dioxide. There was no evidence that the associations with air pollutants were due to confounding by any of the pollens, and little evidence of an interaction between pollens and pollution except for synergism of sulphur dioxide and grass pollen in children (p&lt;0.01).&#13;
CONCLUSIONS Ozone, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and particles were all found to have significant associations with daily hospital admissions for asthma, but there was a lack of consistency across the age groups in the specific pollutant. These associations were not explained by confounding by airborne pollens nor was there convincing evidence that the effects of air pollutants and airborne pollens interact in causing hospital admissions for asthma.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>British Medical Association</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.bma.org.uk/</dc:relation><dc:source>Print 0040-6376  Online 1468-3296</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR180</dc:subject><dc:title>Air Pollution Pollens, and Daily Admissions for Asthma in London 1987-92</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Anderson, H.R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ponce de Leon, A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bland, J.M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bower, J.S.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Strachan, D.P.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1998-10</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/thx.53.10.842</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:149
Date: 2016-02-12

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:149</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-02-12T15:10:28Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Three sites in the UK have daily records of pollen spanning several decades, giving the longest data sets worldwide. Previous research on London data revealed decreasing severity of grass pollen seasons. This is often taken as a model for the whole country but comparisons with Derby and Cardiff, in different regions of local climate and land-use, emphasize the need for regional studies.&#13;
&#13;
Objective &#13;
The grass pollen seasons were analysed for three contrasting long-term sites to provide regional insight into the changing incidence of hay fever.&#13;
&#13;
Methods &#13;
Pollen was monitored by volumetric instruments using standard techniques. Data have been taken from 1961 to 1993 to examine variation in grass pollen seasons in relation to land-use changes, cumulative temperatures and rainfall. Models were developed to predict total seasonal catches.&#13;
&#13;
Results &#13;
At Cardiff the annual counts and severity increased in the 1960s, declined in the 1970s and rose again in the 1980s. At Derby and London the annual counts and severity declined but at different rates. Start dates have tended to become earlier at Cardiff and Derby, but later at London. Trends in annual counts and severity are similar to changes in grassland areas but they cannot be accounted for entirely by these. Weather in spring and early summer has tended to become warmer but there are no sustained patterns in June and July. No trends are apparent in the rainfall records for these months. The maximum explanation (r2≥ 95%) in forecast models was obtained using 10-day aggregates of weather. &#13;
&#13;
Conclusion &#13;
The contrasting patterns both in the pollen records and land-use changes between the three sites emphasize the need for regional data. The predictive models achieved a high degree of explanation enabling pollen season severity to be forecast with high confidence shortly before the start date.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/</dc:relation><dc:source>0954-7894</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR180</dc:subject><dc:title>Regional Variations in Grass Pollen Seasons in the UK, Long-term Trends and Forecast Models</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mullins, J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Corden, J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jones, S.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Millington, W.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Brookes, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Savage, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1999-03</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2222.1999.00369.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:148
Date: 2016-02-12

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:148</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-02-12T15:15:09Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Betula pollen is known to be an important aeroallergen in Europe and the UK, with very large quantities of pollen released into the air at the height of the season, making it the most abundant tree pollen present in the UK spring air. There has been long term pollen monitoring in Cardiff, Derby and London but in recent years the number of regional sites has increased. Seven sites throughout the UK have monitored Betula pollen using Burkard samplers for the period 1993–1997 and for this study regional differences in Betula pollen and climate were investigated. Detailed analysis revealed considerable variation in the start dates, duration and quantity of Betula pollen for the seven UK sites throughout the five year period. These regional variations in Betula pollen duration and intensity of season, indicate the importance of maintaining sites throughout the UK as an aid to clinicians, researchers and the general public.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer Netherlands</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://springerlink.metapress.com</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0393-5965  Online: 1573-3025</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR180</dc:subject><dc:title>UK Regional Variations in Betula Pollen (1993-1997)</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Corden, J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Millington, W.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bailey, J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Brookes, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Caulton, E.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mullins, J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Simpson, C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Wood, A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2000-06</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1007607307139</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:147
Date: 2016-02-12

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:147</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-02-12T15:34:43Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This study investigates the size, composition and concentration of airborne particles. These feature sare examined from continuously recorded volumetric daily air samples, taken by Burkard and Hirst traps from the centre of Cardiff City and samples froms elected sites around Cardiff. The set of slides is unique as it dates from 1954 to the present day, and contains data, which precedes any other routine measurements of PM10.&#13;
Image analysis has not been used previously to examine PM10 from slides taken by Hirst-type traps, but it has been demonstrated as an important application in alternative projects. The advantages of being able to perform simple but tedious measurements quickly make it an important tool for this project. It can also measure a number of images simultaneously and quantify parameters that would otherwise have been based on qualitative subjective comparisons.&#13;
Environmental data including wind speeds, rain fall and temperature measurements are investigated to examine the influence on the temporal variation of the abundance and characteristics of airborne particulate matter. Confounding factors that may have impacts on cardiovascular and respiratory illness are beingexamined. These include data on aeroallergens (pollen and fungal spore counts), nitrogen oxide, sulphurdioxide, and carbon monoxide. The project will be extended to an analysis of the results in relation to health data.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer Netherlands</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://link.springer.com</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0393-5965  Online: 1573-3025</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR180</dc:subject><dc:title>The Use of Image Analysis PM10 Characterisation of Volumetric Air Samples taken in Cardiff since 1956</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Potter, Claire</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mullins, J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2000-03</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1007610620280</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:146
Date: 2017-01-06

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:146</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-01-06T16:57:15Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Two of the most frequently used methods of pollen counting on slides from Hirst type traps are evaluated in this paper: the transverse traverse method and the longitudinal traverse method. The study was carried out during June–July 1996 and 1997 on slides from a trap at Worcester, UK. Three pollen types were selected for this purpose: Poaceae, Urticaceae and Quercus. The statistical results show that the daily concentrations followed similar trends (p &lt; 0.01, R-values between 0.78–0.96) with both methods during the two years, although the counts were slightly higher using the longitudinal traverses method. Significant differences were observed, however, when the distribution of the concentrations during 24 hour sampling periods was considered. For more detailed analysis, the daily counts obtained with both methods were correlated with the total number of pollen grains for the taxon over the whole slide, in two different situations: high and low concentrations of pollen in the atmosphere. In the case of high concentrations, the counts for all three taxa with both methods are significantly correlated with the total pollen count. In the samples with low concentrations, the Poaceae and Urticaceae counts with both methods are significantly correlated with the total counts, but none of Quercus counts are. Consideration of the results indicates that both methods give a reasonable approximation to the count derived from the slide as a whole. More studies need be done to explore the comparability of counting methods in order to work towards a Universal Methodology in Aeropalynology.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer Netherlands</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://springerlink.metapress.com</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0393-5965  Online: 1573-3025</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR180</dc:subject><dc:title>Comparison of Two Pollen Counting Methods of Slides from a Hirst Type Volumetric Trap.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Cariñanos, P.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Galán, C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dominguez-Vilches, E.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2000-04</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1026577406912</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:145
Date: 2016-12-23

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:145</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-12-23T11:02:56Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Geographical and temporal variations in the start dates of grass pollen seasons are described for selected sites of the European Pollen Information Service. Daily average grass pollen counts are derived from Network sites in Finland, the Netherlands, Denmark, United Kingdom, Austria, Italy and Spain, giving a broad longitudinal transect over Western Europe. The study is part of a larger project that also examines annual and regional variations in the severity, timing of the peak and duration of the grass pollen seasons. For several sites, data are available for over twenty years enabling long term trends to be discerned. The analyses show notable contrasts in the progression of the seasons annually with differing lag times occurring between southern and northern sites in various years depending on the weather conditions. The patterns identified provide some insight into geographical differences and temporal trends in the incidence of pollinosis. The paper discusses the main difficulties involved in this type of analysis and notes possibilities for using data from the European Pollen Information service to construct pan European predictive models for pollen seasons.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer Netherlands</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://link.springer.com</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0393-5965  Online: 1573-3025</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR180</dc:subject><dc:title>Temporal and Georaphical Variations in Grass Pollen Seasons in Areas of Western Europe: an Analysis of Season dates at Sites of the European Pollen Information System.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jaeger, S.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dominguez-Vilches, E.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Soldevilla, C.G.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hodal, L.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mandrioli, P.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Rantio-Lehtimäki, A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Savage, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Spieksma, F.T.M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bartlett, Catherine</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2000-04</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1026521331503</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:144
Date: 2016-02-12

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:144</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-02-12T15:39:26Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>A large number of sites worldwide measure airborne pollen and fungal spore concentrations using a Hirst-type volumetric impaction sampler. In Europe anumber of adhesive drum coatings are routinely used. The drum coating routinely used in the UK, V/P,consisting of 90% petroleum Jelly (Vaseline)/10%paraffin wax, has not previously been compared with other coatings, for fungal spores or pollens. The collection efficiency of different coatings was compared in a wind tunnel, at IACR-Rothamsted. Spores of different species were released and trapped in identical miniature suction traps which reproduce the aerodynamic features of a full size Hirst-type spore trap. The trapping surfaces were coated in one of three commonly used drum coatings: (1) V/P; (2) SiliconeFluid; (3) Glycerol Jelly. These are all used in Europe and both V/P and Glycerol Jelly are used the UK.&#13;
Four spore types, Lycopodium clavatum (moss);Alternaria alternata; Botrytis cinerea;and Calvatia excipuliformis, which represent the size range of spores most frequently found in the air, were used. With the exception of B cinerea, the numbers of spores collected on Glycerol Jelly were significantly smaller than on the other two coatings. For all spore types, the numbers caught on the V/P andSilicone Fluid were not significantly different.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer Netherlands</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://link.springer.com</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0393-5965  Online: 1573-3025</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR</dc:subject><dc:title>Wind Tunnel Comparison of the Collection Efficiency of Three Hirst-Type Volumetric Sampler Drum Coatings</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Warner, F.E.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>McCartney, H.A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2000-03</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1007637105259</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:143
Date: 2016-02-12

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:143</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-02-12T15:46:35Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Few published studies have looked at the health effects of air pollution in the primary care setting, and most have concentrated on lower rather than upper respiratory diseases. The authors investigated the association of daily consultations with general practitioners for allergic rhinitis with air pollution in London, United Kingdom. Generalized additive models were used to regress time series of daily numbers of patients consulting for allergic rhinitis against 1992–1994 measures of air pollution, after control for possible confounders and adjustment for overdispersion and serial correlation. In children, a 10th–90th percentile increase in sulfur dioxide (SO2) levels 4 days prior to consultation (13–31 µg/m3) was associated with a 24.5% increase in consultations (95% confidence interval: 14.6, 35.2; p &lt; 0.00001); a 10th–90th percentile increase in averaged ozone (O3) concentrations on the day of consultation and the preceding 3 days (6–29 parts per billion) was associated with a 37.6% rise (95% confidence interval: 23.3, 53.5; p &lt; 0.00001). For adults, smaller effect sizes were observed for SO2 and O3. The association with SO2 remained highly significant in the presence of other pollutants. This study suggests that air pollution worsens allergic rhinitis symptoms, leading to substantial increases in consultations. SO2 and O3 seem particularly responsible, and both seem to contribute independently.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Oxford University Press</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.oxfordjournals.org/</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0002-9262  Online: 1476-6256</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR180</dc:subject><dc:title>Association Between Air Pollution and Daily Consultations with General Practitioners for Allergic Rhinitis In London, United Kingdom</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Hajat, S.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Haines, A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Atkinson, R.W.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bremmer, S.A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Anderson, H.R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2001-04</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/153.7.704</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:142
Date: 2016-02-12

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:142</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-02-12T15:56:59Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>A shift in the timing of birch pollen seasons is important because it is well known to be a significant aeroallergen, especially in NW Europe where it is a notable cause of hay fever and pollen-related asthma. The research reported in this paper aims to investigate temporal patterns in the start dates of Betula (birch) pollen seasons at selected sites across Europe. In particular it investigates relationships between the changes in start dates and changes in spring temperatures over approximately the last 20 years. Daily birch pollen counts were used from Kevo, Turku, London, Brussels, Zurich and Vienna, for the core period from 1982 to 1999 and, in some cases, from 1970 to 2000. The sites represent a range of biogeographical situations from just within the Arctic Circle through to North West Maritime and Continental Europe. Pollen samples were taken with Hirst-type volumetric spore traps. Weather data were obtained from the sites nearest to the pollen traps. The timing of birch pollen seasons is known to depend mostly on a non-linear balance between the winter chilling required to break dormancy, and spring temperatures. Pollen start dates and monthly mean temperatures for January through to May were compiled to 5-year running means to examine trends. The start dates for the next 10 years were calculated from regression equations for each site, on the speculative basis that the current trends would continue. The analyses show regional contrasts. Kevo shows a marked trend towards cooler springs and later starts. If this continues the mean start date will become about 6 days later over the next 10 years. Turku exhibits cyclic patterns in start dates. A current trend towards earlier starts is expected to continue until 2007, followed by another fluctuation. London, Brussels, Zurich and Vienna show very similar patterns in the trends towards earlier start dates. If the trend continues the mean start dates at these sites will advance by about 6 days over the next 10 years. Following this work, amendments will be needed to pollen calendars and local predictive models. It will also be important to assess the implications of earlier seasons for allergy sufferers.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer Berlin Heidelberg</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://link.springer.com</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0020-7128  Online: 1432-1254</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR180</dc:subject><dc:title>Responses to the Start of Betula (birch) Pollen Seasons to Recent Changes in Spring Temperatures Across Europe</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Detandt, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gehrig, R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jaeger, S.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Nolard, N.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Rantio-Lehtimäki, A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2002-09</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00484-002-0139-x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:141
Date: 2016-02-12

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:141</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-02-12T16:56:38Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The existence of long-term (20–33 years) trends in the annual totals of daily airborne pollen concentrations of five common and/or allergenic wind pollinating taxa was evaluated at five pollen-monitoring stations in western Europe:Delmenhorst (D), Helmond (NL), Brussels (B),Leiden (NL), and Derby (UK). At all stations,identical or comparable volumetric traps wereused to sample pollen from the air. For grass pollen no increasing or decreasing trends were found at any station. Trends for birch pollen and oak pollen are increasing, but not significant at the stations with the higher annual totals (Delmenhorst and Helmond),probably due to strong year-to-year fluctuations. At all five stations significant increasing trends for stinging nettle pollen were observed. Trends for mugwort pollen are significant at all stations, but in different directions. Longer periods of observations are needed to arrive to more definitive conclusions about trends in airborne pollen concentrations.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer Netherlands</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://link.springer.com</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0393-5965  Online: 1573-3025</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR180</dc:subject><dc:title>Quantitative Trends in Annual Totals of Five Common Airbourn Pollen Types (Betula, Qercus, Poacrae, Urtica, and Artemisia), at Five Pollen-Monitoring Stations in Western Europe.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Spieksma, F.T.M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Corden, J.M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Detandt, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Millington, W.M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Nikkels, H.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Nolard, N.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Schoenmalers, C.H.H.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Wachter, R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>de Weger, L.A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Willems, R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003-09</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:AERO.0000006528.37447.15</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:127
Date: 2015-09-28

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:127</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-09-28T15:00:51Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Routledge</dc:publisher><dc:source>0415283019</dc:source><dc:subject>GV</dc:subject><dc:subject>JA</dc:subject><dc:subject>D1</dc:subject><dc:subject>HM</dc:subject><dc:title>Who Are the Boys in Green? Irish Identity and Soccer in the Republic of Ireland</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Holmes, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Storey, David</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Book chapter</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:118
Date: 2016-02-12

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:118</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-02-12T16:39:17Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Background Although pollens are major allergens associated with allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and asthma, there is little information about the relative prevalence of these conditions in populations with different pollen exposures.&#13;
&#13;
Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between pollen exposure and allergic symptoms among children in different countries.&#13;
&#13;
Methods An ecological analysis was conducted to see whether pollen exposure (pollen counts, and duration and severity of pollen seasons) is associated with symptoms of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, asthma and atopic eczema in 28 centres within 11 countries (nine being in Europe). Data on the prevalence of symptoms in 13–14-year olds were based on the responses to the written questionnaires from the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC). The analysis was adjusted for gross national product and mean annual relative humidity.&#13;
&#13;
Results There was little relationship between pollen exposure and symptom prevalence, except for a significant inverse association between grass pollen counts and lifetime prevalence of the symptoms of allergic rhinitis (P=0.03). Almost all the regression coefficients were negative. The associations were even weaker and all non-significant when the analyses were conducted within countries, using a random intercept fixed slope model, but there was still no evidence of a positive association between pollen exposure and symptoms.&#13;
&#13;
Conclusion There is a weak but consistent tendency for the prevalence of allergic symptoms to be inversely associated with pollen exposure. This finding accords with evidence from several countries, suggesting that the prevalence of hayfever and asthma tends to be lower in rural than in urban areas, and lowest among people living on farms. Exposure to allergenic pollen in early life does not appear to increase the risk of acquiring symptoms of respiratory allergy, and may even give some protection against them.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0954-7894  Online: 1365-2222</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR180</dc:subject><dc:title>Pollen Counts in Relation to the Prevalence of Allergic Rhinoconjunctivitis, Asthma and Atopic Eczema in the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC).</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Burr, M.L.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Treu, R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Cheng, S.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Pearce, N.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>ISAAC Phase One Study Group, .</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003-12</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2222.2003.01816.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:117
Date: 2016-02-15

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:117</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-02-15T14:48:29Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Persistent allergies are common in workers in florist shops but little research has been done on the reasons for this. This paper reports an investigation of occupational exposure of florists to pollen and spores in three florist shops over a 2-week period in the autumn of 2000. In each shop three sampling methods were used: Burkard continuous volumetric samplers, deposition plates and low-tac tape for surface samples, including hands of the florists and leaves of a selection of the plants. The florists kept a record of the type of work they undertook each day and of the stock amounts of flowers in the shops. The volumetric traps collected 80 pollen and spore taxa. The average concentrations recorded through the working day were generally low but short-term peak (one hour mean) concentrations of some types were found to be relatively high or very high. For a few taxa these concentrations equalled or exceeded those typical for short-term peaks in wind dispersed pollen types in the ambient air. Fungal spore concentrations of several known allergenic types were also very high for peak periods. This was most notable for Aspergillus spp. which reached extremely high concentrations in one shop, compared with typical peak concentrations in the ambient atmosphere. Low-tac tape leaf samples demonstrated that the flowers' foliage is a major source of the fungal spores. Few pollen grains or fungal spores were found on the hands.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer Netherlands</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://link.springer.com/</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0393-5965  Online: 1573-3025</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR180</dc:subject><dc:title>Airborne Pollen and Fungal Spores in Florist Shops in Worcester and in Bristol UK: A Potential Problem for Occupational Health</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Adams-Groom, Beverley</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Treu, R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Carswell, F.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004-06</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:AERO.0000032952.99736.f5</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:116
Date: 2016-02-15

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:116</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-02-15T15:51:45Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Objective: An inert cellulose powder has been on sale in the UK since 1994 as a remedy for hay fever but no scientific trials have been conducted previously. It is applied to the inside of the nose where it forms a gelatinous coating. The principal aim was to determine if there is a significant difference in the amount and type of rescue medication required for adult hay fever sufferers to control their symptoms while using either the inert cellulose powder or a placebo. The second objective was to see whether the cellulose powder resulted in an improvement in symptom control.&#13;
&#13;
Research design: A double blind, placebo controlled study was conducted of 97 adult hay fever sufferers, over the grass pollen season of 2004. Participants (selectively recruited to be living within the catchment area of a 50-km radius from Worcester, UK) were assigned randomly to two groups (A, Active and B, Placebo) matched by age by decades and gender. Of those completing the trial, group A had 19 males and 28 females and group B had 21 males and 29 females. There were no significant differences between the groups in age distributions, severity of symptoms over the last 2 years or in medication taken. They completed daily symptom diary score cards and were allowed to take any medications they wished in addition to the inert cellulose powder or placebo because medication use was taken as an outcome measure. Results were analysed in relation to pollen counts.&#13;
&#13;
Results: Significant differences were found in the amounts of rescue medication taken by the active and placebo groups (p &lt; 0.05). More people in the placebo group took rescue treatments than those in the active group.&#13;
&#13;
No significant differences were found (p &lt; 0.01) between the active and placebo groups in Likert scores for any of the rhinitis nasal symptoms or in the total Likert symptom daily scores. No adverse events were reported during the study.&#13;
&#13;
Conclusions: The amount of rescue medication taken by the placebo group was significantly more than that taken by the active group both overall, considering all types of medication, and also in the individual cases of antihistamines, nasal sprays and eye drops. These results provide evidence that the inert cellulose powder reduces the need to take rescue medication for the symptoms of hay fever.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Libra Pharm Ltd</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.librapharm.com/librapharm/main/Home.asp</dc:relation><dc:source>0300-7995, Online ISSN: 1473-4877</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR180</dc:subject><dc:title>A Double Blind, Placebo Controlled Trial of Inert Cellulose Powder for the Relief of Hay Fever in Adults</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Lewis, R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2006-02</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1185/030079906X80440</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:115
Date: 2016-02-16

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      <datestamp>2016-02-16T10:12:28Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The aim of this paper is to study the relation between climate change and the earliness of Birch pollination, a tree that produces allergenic pollen, which is of particular importance in north-western Europe. The study allowed us to make projections for the next few years in order to evaluate the evolution of Birch pollination starting date according to spring temperatures. It has been done in ten European locations, Kevo and Turku (Finland), London (United Kingdom), Paris and Lyon (France), Brussels (Belgium), Zürich (Switzerland), Vienna (Austria), Poznan and Cracow (Poland). The study period ranged from six to twenty-eight years depending on the city. Pollens were recorded daily thanks to volumetric Hirst traps, and the data were compared to monthly temperatures from January to May using correlations and multiple regressions. Except in Kevo where the trend is towards colder springs and a later pollination, in the other cities the results showed a spring warming associated with an earlier starting date of pollination: this trend is very well marked in Turku, Zürich, London, Vienna and Brussels, less evident in France while there is no trend in Poland. The results of this work should lead to an updating of the pollen calendars and the pollen forecast models, in the cities where there is a pronounced trend.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.sciencedirect.com</dc:relation><dc:source>0335-7457</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR</dc:subject><dc:title>Climate Change and Evolution of the Pollen Content of the Air in Seven European Countries: the Example of Birch</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Laaidi, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Detandt, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gehrig, R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jaeger, S.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Myszkowska, D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Nolard, N.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Rantio-Lehtimäki, A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Stach, Alicja</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007-03</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.allerg.2006.11.005</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:112
Date: 2016-02-12

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:112</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-02-12T15:54:27Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Recent changes in weather in North-West Europe have been reflected in the start dates of pollen seasons. It is therefore necessary to update previous models, such as the one produced by Jones (1995), so that the model will be weighted by current weather patterns. Birch pollen data, collected over a period of eleven years (1987 to 1997 inclusive) from three pollen counting stations in the UK, London, Derby and Cardiff, were analysed to determine the start dates using the Sum75 method. The start dates of the birch pollen seasons of the eleven-year period were then tested for significance against ten-day aggregated variables of temperature and rainfall for each site. The significant variables were entered into multiple regression models until the most valid equation for each site was found. The models were then tested on three years not included in their data sets. The models showed mean differences between actual and predicted start dates, for the eleven years used, of 1.5, 3 and 5 days at Derby, Cardiff and London respectively. For the test years the mean difference was 1, 4.5 and 7.5 days at Derby, Cardiff and London respectively. The most powerful model was for Derby where the corresponding meteorological station is at 0.5 km distance and the weakest was for London where the corresponding meteorological station is much further away at 21 km distance. Weather variables from early February to mid March were found to be the most influential on the start dates of the birch pollen season at the three sites.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer Netherlands</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://link.springer.com</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0393-5965  Online: 1573-3025</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR</dc:subject><dc:title>Predicting the Start of the Birch Pollen Season at London, Derby and Cardiff, United Kingdom, Using a Multiple Regression Model, Based on Data from 1987 to 1997</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Adams-Groom, Beverley</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Corden, J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Millington, W.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mullins, J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2002-06</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1020698023134</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:111
Date: 2016-02-15

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:111</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-02-15T14:40:15Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The 2001 grass pollen season in the United Kingdom was notably severe. An epidemic of foot and mouth disease (FMD) occurred in the UK during February and spread through the country during the summer. The media claimed that the control measures of culling infected animals and the restricted movement of stock, led to reduced grazing allowing pastures to flower more than in previous years. This study aimed to examine whether the severity was due only to weather factors or if the control measures also contributed. Three pollen sites from the FMD-affected Midlands region were investigated and compared with two sites from regions unaffected for differences in pollen catches, culling levels and weather. The June pollen catch in the Midlands was particularly high but this pattern also features in areas such as Cambridge in the East that were minimally affected by the epidemic. In most of the catchment areas affected by FMD the quantity of animals culled was less than 10% of the total livestock. In areas where culling was concentrated we can assume that there would have been some localized affect on the pollen levels. The results show that the main influencing variable on the 2001 grass pollen counts in the Midlands was the weather and that culling due to the foot and mouth epidemic did not exert an important influence at the regional level.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer Netherlands</dc:publisher><dc:relation>htto://www.springerlink.com</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0393-5965  Online: 1573-3025</dc:source><dc:subject>SF</dc:subject><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR</dc:subject><dc:title>An Analysis of the Possible Effects of the 2001 Foot and Mouth Disease Epidemic on Grass Pollen Concentrations in the Midlands, UK</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Adams-Groom, Beverley</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004-09</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10453-004-1184-1</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:110
Date: 2016-05-20

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:110</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-05-20T15:12:44Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>No randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have been conducted of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for depressed patients who have not responded to antidepressants, yet CBT is often reserved for this group. We conducted a pilot study for a pragmatic RCT of the clinical effectiveness of CBT as an adjunct to pharmacotherapy in primary care based patients with treatment resistant depression (TRD). Patients on antidepressants for at least 6 weeks were mailed a study invitation by their GP. Those who consented to contact were mailed a questionnaire. TRD was defined as compliance with medication (self-report) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) ≥ 15. Those who met ICD-10 depression criteria were eligible for randomisation and followed after 4 months. Of 440 patients mailed, 65% responded and 72% consented to contact. 94% completed the questionnaire and 82 patients (42%) had TRD. Thirty were subsequently identified as ineligible and 10 did not participate further. Twenty-six of the remaining 42 patients met ICD-10 depression criteria and 25 agreed to being randomised. 23 patients completed the 4-month follow-up questionnaire. Recruitment into a RCT to examine the effectiveness of CBT as an adjunct to pharmacotherapy in primary care based patients with TRD appears feasible and should now be conducted.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Cambridge University Press</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://journals.cambridge.org/</dc:relation><dc:source>1352-4658</dc:source><dc:subject>RC0321</dc:subject><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:title>A Randomised Controlled Trial of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy as an Adjunct to Pharmacotherapy in Primary Care Based Patients with Treatment Resistant Depression: a Pilot Study (ISRCTN81845520)</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Wiles, N.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hollinghurst, S.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mason, Victoria</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Musa, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Burt, V.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hyde, J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jerrom, B.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Lewis, G.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kessler, D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2008-01</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S135246580700389X</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:109
Date: 2015-08-06

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:109</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-08-06T12:31:12Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This article reports the development of a pain and discomfort module (PDM) designed to assess the full impact of quality of life (QoL) relating to chronic pain, which could be used with the generic World Health Organisation Quality of Life Assessment (WHOQOL). First, cognitive interviewing was completed with nine participants with chronic pain, for 108 items representing 10 pain-specific facets of QoL. Sixty-eight QoL items and 16 importance questions on pain were relevant, comprehensive, comprehensible and acceptable to users, and were confirmed to assess their purported concepts. Secondly, these items were pilot tested using a cross-sectional survey of 216 people with chronic pain, to investigate the preliminary psychometric properties of the PDM, and reduce its&#13;
items statistically. All new facets were important to those with chronic pain. Sixteen items within four facets of pain relief, anger and frustration, vulnerability/fear/worry, and&#13;
uncertainty were retained, and demonstrated acceptable to good internal consistency reliability (¼0.77–0.85). The PDM is a self-administered, multidimensional subjective&#13;
assessment of pain-related QoL, with potential to evaluate pain-relieving interventions, identify sufferer’s needs, and for survey use.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Taylor and Francis</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.informaworld.com/</dc:relation><dc:source>1476-8321 (electronic) 0887-0446 (paper)</dc:source><dc:subject>RB</dc:subject><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:title>The Quality of Life of People in Chronic Pain:&#13;
Developing a Pain and Discomfort Module for Use&#13;
with the WHOQOL</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Mason, Victoria</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Skevington, S.M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Osborn, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2008-02-16</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14768320601070746</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:108
Date: 2015-08-06

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:108</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-08-06T13:17:00Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This chapter is part of a resource which presents a state-of-the-art account of the psychology of pain from leading researchers. It features contributions from clinical, social, and biopsychological perspectives, the latest theories of pain, as well as basic processes and applied issues. The book opens with an introduction to the history of pain theory and the epidemiology of pain. It then explores theoretical work, including the gate control theory/neuromatrix model, as well as biopsychosocial, cognitive/behavioral, and psychodynamic perspectives. Issues, such as the link between psychophysiological processes and consciousness and the communication of pain are examined. Pain over the life span, ethno-cultural, and individual differences are the focus of the next three chapters.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Psychology Press</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.psypress.com/</dc:relation><dc:source>978-0-8058-4299-9</dc:source><dc:subject>RB</dc:subject><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:title>Social Influences on Individual Differences in Responding to Pain.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Mason, Victoria</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Skevington, S.M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004-12-01</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Book chapter</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:107
Date: 2017-01-04

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:107</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-01-04T14:39:22Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Spatial and temporal variations in daily grass pollen counts and weather variables are described for two regions with different bio-geographical and climatic regimes, southern Spain and the United Kingdom.  Daily average grass pollen counts are considered from six pollen-monitoring sites, three in southern Spain (Ciudad Real, Córdoba and Priego) and three in the United Kingdom (Edinburgh, Worcester and Cambridge).  Analysis shows that rainfall and maximum temperatures are important factors controlling the magnitude of the grass pollen season in both southern Spain and the United Kingdom, and that the strength and direction of the influence exerted by these variables varies with geographical location and time.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer Netherlands</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://link.springer.com</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0393-5965  Online: 1573-3025</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:title>Characteristics of Grass Pollen Seasons in Areas of Southern Spain and the United Kingdom</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Sánchez-Mesa, J.A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Smith, Matt</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Allitt, U.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Caulton, E.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Galán, C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003-09</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:AERO.0000006597.44452.a3</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:106
Date: 2015-08-06

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Clinicians and researchers have become increasingly interested in the impact of chronic pain (CP) on&#13;
quality of life (QoL). This report describes the qualitative stages of developing a pain and discomfort&#13;
module for persons with CP to be used with the UK World Health Organisation generic measure of quality&#13;
of life (WHOQOL). The aims were to investigate patients’ perceptions of CP and its effect on QoL, and to&#13;
generate items to be used in the development of a module appended to the UK WHOQOL-100. At the first&#13;
stage (Study 1), six focus groups of patients were invited to discuss how living with pain and discomfort&#13;
affected QoL. At the second stage (Study 2), an international web survey was conducted with English&#13;
speaking respondents. Ten new facets of QoL were identified by the focus groups: flare-ups, pain relief,&#13;
anger and frustration, vulnerability/fear/worry, uncertainty, loss/loneliness/feeling alone, positive strategies,&#13;
communication, guilt and burdening others, and relationship with health care providers. The websurvey&#13;
confirmed and validated these new facets. Although the WHOQOL-100 is a reliable and valid&#13;
measure of QoL for use in CP, this study shows that additional areas must be assessed when measuring the&#13;
impact of CP on QoL.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer Netherlands</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.springerlink.com</dc:relation><dc:source>0962-9343 (Print) 1573-2649 (Online)</dc:source><dc:subject>RB</dc:subject><dc:title>Development of a Pain and Discomfort Module for use with the WHOQOL-100</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Mason, Victoria</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Skevington, S.M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Osborn, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004-08</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:QURE.0000031344.53009.eb</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:104
Date: 2017-01-04

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:104</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-01-04T14:36:48Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Trajectory analysis is a valuable tool that has been used before in aerobiological studies, to investigate the movement of airborne pollen.  This study has employed back-trajectories to examine the four highest grass pollen episodes at Worcester, during the 2001 grass pollen season.  The results have shown that the highest grass pollen counts of the 2001 season were reached when air masses arrived from a westerly direction.  Back-trajectory analysis has a limited value to forecasters because the method is retrospective and cannot be employed directly for forecasting.  However, when used in conjunction with meteorological data this technique can be used to examine high magnitude events in order to identify conditions that lead to high pollen counts.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer Netherlands</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://link.springer.com/</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0393-5965  Online: 1573-3025</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR180</dc:subject><dc:title>Examining High Magnitude Grass Pollen Episodes at Worcester, United Kingdom, Using Back-Trajectory Analysis</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Smith, Matt</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kress, A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005-06</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10453-005-4178-8</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:103
Date: 2017-01-04

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:103</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-01-04T14:35:49Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>A number of media outlets now issue medium-range (~7 day) weather forecasts on a regular basis.  It is therefore logical that aerobiologists should attempt to produce medium-range forecasts for allergenic pollen that cover the same time period as the weather forecasts.  The objective of this study is to construct a medium-range (&lt; 7 day) forecast model for grass pollen at north London.  The forecast models were produced using regression analysis based on grass pollen and meteorological data from 1990-1999 and tested on data from 2000 and 2002.  The modelling process was improved by dividing the grass pollen season into three periods; the pre-peak, peak and post peak periods of grass pollen release.  The forecast consisted of five regression models.  Two simple linear regression models predicting the start and end date of the peak period, and three multiple regression models forecasting daily average grass pollen counts in the pre-peak, peak and post-peak periods.  Overall the forecast models achieved 62% accuracy in 2000 and 47% in 2002, reflecting the fact that the 2002 grass pollen season was of a higher magnitude than any of the other seasons included in the analysis.  This study has the potential to make a notable contribution to the field of aerobiology.  Winter averages of the North Atlantic Oscillation were used to predict certain characteristics of the grass pollen season, which presents an important advance in aerobiological work.  The ability to predict allergenic pollen counts for a period between five and seven days will benefit allergy sufferers.  Furthermore, medium-range forecasts for allergenic pollen will be of assistance to the medical profession, including allergists planning treatment and physicians scheduling clinical trials.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0954-7894  Online: 1365-2222</dc:source><dc:subject>QR180</dc:subject><dc:title>Constructing a 7-day Ahead Forecast Model for Grass Pollen at North London, United Kingdom</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Smith, Matt</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005-10</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2222.2005.02349.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:102
Date: 2017-01-04

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:102</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-01-04T14:34:46Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>A 30-day ahead forecast method has been developed for grass pollen at north London.  The total period of the grass pollen season is covered by eight multiple regression models, each covering a 10-day period running consecutively from 21st May to 8th August.  This means that three models were used for each 30-day forecast.  The forecast models were produced using grass pollen and environmental data from 1961-1999 and tested on data from 2000 and 2002.  Model accuracy was judged in two ways: the number of times the forecast model was able to successfully predict the severity (relative to the 1961-1999 dataset as a whole) of grass pollen counts in each of the eight forecast periods on a scale of one to four; and the number of times the forecast model was able to predict whether grass pollen counts were higher or lower than the mean.  The models achieved 62.5% accuracy in both assessment years when predicting the relative severity of grass pollen counts on a scale of one to four, which equates to six of the eight 10-day periods being forecast correctly.  The models attained 87.5% and 100% accuracy in 2000 and 2002 respectively when predicting whether grass pollen counts would be higher or lower than the mean.  Attempting to predict pollen counts during distinct 10-day periods throughout the grass pollen season is a novel approach.  The models also employed original methodology in the use of winter averages of the North Atlantic Oscillation to forecast 10-day means of allergenic pollen counts.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer Berlin Heidelberg</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://link.springer.com/</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0020-7128  Online: 1432-1254</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR180</dc:subject><dc:title>A 30-Day-Ahead Forecast Model for Grass Pollen in North London, United Kingdom</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Smith, Matt</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2006-03</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00484-005-0010-y</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:100
Date: 2017-01-04

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:100</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-01-04T14:31:48Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Previous work on Betula spp. (birch) in the UK and at five sites in Europe has shown that pollen seasons for this taxon have tended to become earlier by about 5–10 days per decade in most regions investigated over the last 30 years. This pattern has been linked to the trend to warmer winters and springs in recent years. However, little work has been done to investigate the changes in the pollen seasons for the early flowering trees. Several of these, such as Alnus spp. and Corylus spp., have allergens, which cross-react with those of Betula spp., and so have a priming effect on allergic people. This paper investigates pollen seasons for Alnus spp. and Corylus spp. for the years 1996–2005 at Worcester, in the West Midlands, United Kingdom. Pollen data for daily average counts were collected using a Burkard volumetric trap sited on the exposed roof of a three-storey building. The climate is western maritime. Meteorological data for daily temperatures (maximum and minimum) and rainfall were obtained from the local monitoring sites. The local area up to approximately 10 km surrounding the site is mostly level terrain with some undulating hills and valleys. The local vegetation is mixed farmland and deciduous woodland. The pollen seasons for the two taxa investigated are typically late December or early January to late March. Various ways of defining the start and end of the pollen seasons were considered for these taxa, but the most useful was the 1% method whereby the season is deemed to have started when 1% of the total catch is achieved and to have ended when 99% is reached. The cumulative catches (in grains/m3) for Alnus spp. varied from 698 (2001) to 3,467 (2004). For Corylus spp., they varied from 65 (2001) to 4,933 (2004). The start dates for Alnus spp. showed 39 days difference in the 10 years (earliest 2000 day 21, latest 1996 day 60). The end dates differed by 26 days and the length of season differed by 15 days. The last 4 years in the set had notably higher cumulative counts than the first 2, but there was no trend towards earlier starts. For Corylus spp. start days also differed by 39 days (earliest 1999 day 5, latest 1996 day 44). The end date differed by 35 days and length of season by 26 days. Cumulative counts and lengths of season showed a distinct pattern of alternative high (long) and low (short) years. There is some evidence of a synchronous pattern for Alnus spp.. These patterns show some significant&#13;
correlations with temperature and rainfall through the autumn, winter and early spring, and some relationships with growth degree 4s and chill units, but the series is too short to discern trends. The analysis has provided insight to the variation in the seasons for these early flowering trees and will form a basis for future work on building predictive models for these taxa.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer Berlin Heidelberg</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://link.springer.com/</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0020-7128  Online: 1432-1254</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR</dc:subject><dc:title>Changes in the Pollen Seasons of the Early Flowering Trees Alnus spp. and Corylus spp. in Worcester United Kingdom 1996-2005</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Smith, Matt</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Close, R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Adams-Groom, Beverley</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007-01</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00484-006-0059-2</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:98
Date: 2017-01-04

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:98</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-01-04T14:29:21Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The pollen grains of Ambrosia spp. are considered to be important aeroallergens in parts of southern and central Europe. Back-trajectories have been analysed with the aim of finding the likely sources of Ambrosia pollen grains that arrived at Poznań (Poland). Temporal variations in Ambrosia pollen at Poznań from 1995–2005 were examined in order to identify Ambrosia pollen episodes suitable for further investigation using back-trajectory analysis. The trajectories were calculated using the transport model within the Lagrangian air pollution model, ACDEP (Atmospheric Chemistry and Deposition). Analysis identified two separate populations in Ambrosia pollen episodes, those that peaked in the early morning between 4 a.m. and 8 a.m., and those that peaked in the afternoon between 2 p.m. and 6 p.m.. Six Ambrosia pollen episodes between 2001 and 2005 were examined using backtrajectory analysis. The results showed that Ambrosia pollen episodes that peaked in the early morning usually arrived at Poznań from a southerly direction after passing over southern Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary, whereas air masses that brought Ambrosia pollen to Poznań during the afternoon arrived from a more easterly direction and predominantly stayed within the borders of Poland. Back-trajectory analysis has shown that there is a possibility that long-range transport brings Ambrosia pollen to Poznań from southern Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary. There is also a likelihood that Ambrosia is present in Poland, as shown by the arrival of pollen during the afternoon that originated primarily from within the country.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer Berlin Heidelberg</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://link.springer.com/</dc:relation><dc:source>Print: 0020-7128  Online: 1432-1254</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR</dc:subject><dc:title>Examining Ambrosia Pollen Episodes at Poznań (Poland)&#13;
Using Back-trajectory Analysis</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Stach, Alicja</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Smith, Matt</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Skjøth, C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Brandt, J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007-03</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00484-006-0068-1</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:97
Date: 2017-01-04

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      <datestamp>2017-01-04T14:33:47Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Daily average Alnus pollen counts (1996-2005) from Worcester (UK) and Poznań (Poland) were examined with the aim of assessing the regional importance of Alnus pollen as an aeroallergen. The average number of Alnus pollen grains recorded annually at Poznań was more than 2.5 times that of Worcester. Furthermore, daily average Alnus pollen counts exceeded the thresholds of 100, 500 and 1,000 grains/m3 more times at Poznań than Worcester. Skin prick test results (1996-2005) and allergen-specific IgE(asIgE) measurements using the CAP (Pharmacia) system (2002-2005), were supplied by the Allergic Diseases Diagnostic Centre in Poznań. The annual number of positive skin prick tests to Alnus pollen allergens was significantly related (p&lt;0.05) to seasonal variations in the magnitude of the Alnus pollen catch recorded at Poznań (r=0.70). The symptoms of patients with positive skin prick tests to Alnus pollen allergens were: 51% pollinosis, 43% atopic dermatitis, 4% asthma, 1% chronic urticaria and 1% eczema. On a scale of 0-6, 20.5% of patients examined for serum asIgE in relation to Alnus pollen allergens had asIgE measurements in classes 5 and 6. Alnus pollen is generally considered to be mildly allergenic. However, the amount of Alnus pollen released into the atmosphere in places such as Poznań may increase its impact on the population and make it one of the more important aeroallergens present.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Institute of Agricultural Medicine</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.aaem.pl/</dc:relation><dc:relation>http://www.aaem.pl/pdf/aaem07c1.htm</dc:relation><dc:source>Print 1232-1966  Online 1898-2263</dc:source><dc:subject>QR180</dc:subject><dc:title>Regional Importance of Alnus Pollen as an Aeroallergen: A Comparative Study of Alnus Pollen Counts from Worcester (UK) and Poznań (Poland)</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Smith, Matt</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Emberlin, Jean</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Stach, Alicja</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Czarnecka-Operacz, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jenerowicz, D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Silny, W.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:96
Date: 2017-01-04

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:96</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-01-04T14:28:10Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Background Birch pollen is highly allergic and has the potential for episodically long range transport. Such episodes will in general occur out of the main pollen season. During that time allergy patients are unprotected and high pollen concentrations will therefore have a full allergenic impact.&#13;
Objective To show that Denmark obtains significant quantities of birch pollen from Poland or Germany before the local trees start to flower. &#13;
Methods Simultaneous observations of pollen concentrations and phenology in the potential source area in Poland as well as in Denmark were performed in 2006. The Danish pollen records from 2000-2006 were analysed for possible long range transport episodes and analysed with trajectories in combination with a birch tree source map.&#13;
Results In 2006 high pollen concentrations were observed in Denmark with bi-hourly concentrations above 500 grains/ m3 before the local trees began to flower. Poland was identified as a source region. The analysis of the historical pollen record from Copenhagen shows significant pre-seasonal pollen episodes almost every year from 2000-2006. In all episodes trajectory analysis identified Germany or Poland as source regions. &#13;
Conclusion Denmark obtains significant pre-seasonal quantities of birch pollen from either Poland or Germany almost every year. Forecasting of birch pollen quantities relevant to allergy patients must therefore take into account long-range transport. This cannot be based on measured concentrations in Denmark. The most effective way to improve the current Danish pollen forecasts is to extend the current forecasts with atmospheric transport models that take into account pollen emission and transport from countries such as Germany and Poland.  Unless long range transport is taken into account pre-seasonal pollen episodes will have a full allergic impact, as the allergy patients in general will be unprotected during that time.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing Ltd (now John Wiley &amp; Sons)</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com</dc:relation><dc:source>Online 1365-2222</dc:source><dc:subject>GE</dc:subject><dc:subject>QR</dc:subject><dc:title>The Long Range Transport of Birch (Betula) Pollen from Poland and Germany Causes Significant Pre-season Concentrations in Denmark</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Skjøth, C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Sommer, J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Stach, Alicja</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Smith, Matt</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Brandt, J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2007-07-07</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2222.2007.02771.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:93
Date: 2015-07-23

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:93</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-07-23T15:09:56Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Geographers and policy-makers alike have, until recently, ignored the importance of specific breeds of livestock in agricultural systems. However, the European Union has recently introduced a series of regulations aimed at protecting breeds of livestock with a local tradition.&#13;
Some British rural agencies, notably the Countryside Council for Wales, have begun to consider how these measures can be included within rural development plans. Based on current thinking in ‘new animal geography’, this article highlights the conceptual and practical problems of defining and identifying breeds for inclusion in these policies. Through detailed mapping, it is demonstrated that Welsh livestock breeds tend to exhibit three distinct&#13;
geographical patterns. These patterns have been reshaped by agricultural policy, increasingly to meet the goals of agri-environmental conservation. Through the case study of&#13;
Wales, the paper concludes that applied geography can be used to increase the effectiveness of these policy measures, especially given their new emphases on breed and locality.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.worc.ac.uk/93/2/appliedsheep_prepub.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleListURL&amp;_method=list&amp;_ArticleListID=627971844&amp;_sort=d&amp;view=c&amp;_acct=C000024118&amp;_version=1&amp;_urlVersion=0&amp;_userid=495664&amp;md5=ae9ae8ead4ecb94b6a89a6c664f97e78</dc:relation><dc:source>Applied Geography</dc:source><dc:subject>G1</dc:subject><dc:subject>S1</dc:subject><dc:subject>SF</dc:subject><dc:title>Livestock, Locality and Landscape: EU Regulations and the New Geography of Welsh Farm Animals</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Yarwood, R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Evans, Nick</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:87
Date: 2015-07-27

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:87</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-07-27T08:41:15Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The survival of family farming in British agriculture has long been a topic of interest for&#13;
rural researchers and is undergoing something of a current renewal of interest. However,&#13;
insights from feminist approaches remain underutilised despite the crucial role farming&#13;
women continue to play in family farming. This article addresses the unity of farm,&#13;
family and business by interpreting it as a patriarchal way of life. An ethnographically&#13;
informed repeated life history methodology is employed to study in detail the family&#13;
members of seven farms in rural mid-Wales. Findings show that the recent survival of&#13;
the family farms investigated has been heavily dependent upon compliance with a&#13;
patriarchal ideology that demands that women be ‘as good as gold’. However, it is&#13;
discovered that a new view of women is emerging in the world of British family farming,&#13;
that of ‘gold digger’. Women entering relationships with farming men are increasingly&#13;
being considered a threat to farm survival by virtue of their entitlements if the relationship&#13;
breaks down. The necessity to study the intricacies of personal relationships in&#13;
family farming has important implications for most future research into this form of&#13;
agricultural business arrangement.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.worc.ac.uk/87/2/SR_Pre-pub_version.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell / European Society for Rural Sociology</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/bpl/soru/2006/00000046/00000004/art00002</dc:relation><dc:source>Sociologia Ruralis</dc:source><dc:subject>HQ</dc:subject><dc:subject>G1</dc:subject><dc:subject>S1</dc:subject><dc:subject>GF</dc:subject><dc:subject>HM</dc:subject><dc:title>From ‘As Good as Gold’ to ‘Gold&#13;
Diggers’: Farming Women and the&#13;
Survival of British Family Farming</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Price, L.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Evans, Nick</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:86
Date: 2015-07-23

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:86</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-07-23T15:06:23Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>In this paper we use Bourdieu's concept of habitus to examine human animal relationships&#13;
within capitalist agricultural systems. In the first part of the paper we examine how Bourdieu's ideas&#13;
have been used by academics to provide insights into the ways that livestock affect and are affected&#13;
by farming practice. In the second part we build on these conceptual, empirical, and policy insights by&#13;
examining some of the national and international social networks that contribute to human animal&#13;
relationships in capitalistic farming.We focus on a case study of Welsh livestock and, in particular, the&#13;
historic and contemporary roles that breed societies play in the imagination of farm animals and&#13;
the creation of capitals in agriculture.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.worc.ac.uk/86/2/EPA_Lleyn_pre-pub.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Pion</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.envplan.com/abstract.cgi?id=a37336</dc:relation><dc:source>Environment and Planning A</dc:source><dc:subject>S1</dc:subject><dc:subject>G1</dc:subject><dc:subject>SF</dc:subject><dc:title>A Lleyn Sweep for Local Sheep? Breed Societies and the&#13;
Geographies of Welsh Livestock.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Yarwood, R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Evans, Nick</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:85
Date: 2015-08-03

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:85</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-08-03T13:07:10Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>It has become fashionable to conceptualize recent shifts in agrarian priorities as a ‘postproductivist’&#13;
transition from a previously ‘productivist’ agriculture. This notion became more&#13;
popular throughout the 1990s as a way to capture in one convenient package the complex&#13;
changes experienced by both the agricultural sector specifically and within rural areas more&#13;
generally. However, the widespread and uncritical use of such an all-encompassing term is&#13;
rather surprising given debates elsewhere in human geography on the rejection of dualistic&#13;
thinking. Yet, in agricultural and rural studies, the active creation and reinforcement of a productivist/&#13;
post-productivist dualism has emerged as a means of explaining the uneven&#13;
development of rural areas. This paper develops a critique of post-productivism to demonstrate&#13;
its invalidity, presenting empirical evidence to refute five supposed characteristics relating to&#13;
quality food, pluriactivity, sustainability, production dispersion and regulation. It is argued that&#13;
future progress in agricultural research will only be made if post-productivism is abandoned.&#13;
Effort should be refocused upon understanding deeper processes underpinning agricultural&#13;
change using existing theoretical perspectives developed in human geography but which lack&#13;
application in the agricultural context. Ecological modernization is provided as a brief exemplar&#13;
of how such progress may be achieved.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.worc.ac.uk/85/1/PIHG_prepub.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Edward Arnold</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://phg.sagepub.com/cgi/reprint/26/3/313.pdf</dc:relation><dc:source>0309-1325</dc:source><dc:subject>G1</dc:subject><dc:subject>GF</dc:subject><dc:title>Conceptualizing Agriculture: a Critique of Post-Productivism as the New Orthodoxy</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Evans, Nick</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Morris, C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Winter, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:78
Date: 2015-07-23

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:78</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-07-23T21:11:21Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Purpose &#13;
This study investigates perception of ethical and moral conduct in the public sector in Swaziland, specifically, the relationship among: money ethic, attitude towards business ethics, corruption perception, turnover intention, job performance, job satisfaction, and the demographic profile of respondents.&#13;
Methodology/Approach&#13;
The study was a survey using self-administered questionnaires. Using stratified sampling technique in selected organisations, usable data was collected from 83 public sector employees in Swaziland.&#13;
Findings&#13;
Results indicated significant relationship among money ethic, attitude towards business ethics, turnover intention and job performance. The importance of money as a motivator was also demonstrated. Respondents hold that civil servants’ involvement in corruption is high and that bribery and corruption is widespread in Swaziland.&#13;
Research limitations/implications&#13;
The sample size was small and hence limits generalization of findings, but provides preliminary information for a larger study. The need to enrich future studies with in-depth follow-up interviews was noted.&#13;
Practical implication&#13;
The respondents’ perception of widespread corruption calls for a reinvigoration of government anti-graft efforts and the need to promote ethical consciousness in the country. &#13;
Originality/value of paper&#13;
This paper has demonstrated the importance of ethical awareness, the importance of money as a motivator and the state of corruption in another cultural setting – Swaziland.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.worc.ac.uk/78/1/Money_Ethic%2C_moral_conduct_and_work_related_attitudes..._Swaziland_Preprints.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Emerald</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.emeraldinsight.com/</dc:relation><dc:source>0622-1711</dc:source><dc:subject>HD28</dc:subject><dc:title>Money Ethic, Moral Conduct and Work Related Attitudes: Field Study From the Public Sector in Swaziland</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Gbadamosi, Gbolahan</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Joubert, P.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/02621710510613762</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:74
Date: 2016-05-20

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      <identifier>oai:wrap.eprints.org:74</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-05-20T15:16:03Z</datestamp>
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Date: 2016-09-01

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Date: 2016-05-18

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ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:65
Date: 2016-05-20

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The research evaluated the impact of LEA and school support for Newly Qualified Teachers (NQTs) with particular regard to a) behaviour management and b) effective portfolio building, that is collecting evidence in support of their progress against the standards. This evaluation is part of pilot activities with Newly Qualified Teachers (NQTs) and seeks to demonstrate evidence of impact of the range of experiences that are available to NQTs – their ITE experience, their induction, LEA county support, and support in their school.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.worc.ac.uk/65/2/THE_INDUCTION_YEARWorcFINAL.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Research Centre for Motivating Learning</dc:publisher><dc:subject>LB</dc:subject><dc:title>The Induction Year In Worcestershire Schools</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bigger, Stephen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:49
Date: 2015-08-03

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ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:46
Date: 2015-08-03

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ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:21
Date: 2016-09-01

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ID: oai:wrap.eprints.org:7
Date: 2016-03-03

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