University of Salford Institutional Repository

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Base URL:  http://usir.salford.ac.uk/cgi/oai2
Sample date:  2017-10-05
Sample size:  100 records harvested

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ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:109
Date: 2015-11-30

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is not a valid RIOXX record
PropertyError
dc:identifierMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dc:identifier - found 0 values

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
dcterms:dateAcceptedMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dcterms:dateAccepted - found 0 values
dc:identifierMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dc:identifier - found 0 values
ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:109</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:50:45Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the connections between the radiology report and clinical work and considers the implications for computerisation. METHOD: A story representation is described that allows consideration of the radiology report as an active unit of narrative rather than a passive collection of data. This paper draws upon the results of a qualitative study of a neuroradiology department. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Radiology reports recount a patient condition but also represent and influence clinical work.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Schattauer</dc:publisher><dc:source>00261270</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Patient reports as stories of clinical work: narrative and work in neuroradiology</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Kay, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Rooksby, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:108
Date: 2015-11-30

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is not a valid RIOXX record
PropertyError
dc:identifierMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dc:identifier - found 0 values

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
dcterms:dateAcceptedMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dcterms:dateAccepted - found 0 values
dc:identifierMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dc:identifier - found 0 values
ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:108</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:49:48Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>A multi-site study, conducted in two English and two Danish intensive care units, investigates the complexity of work processes in intensive care, and the implications of this complexity for information management with regards to clinical information systems. Data were collected via observations, shadowing of clinical staff, interviews and questionnaires. The construction of role activity diagrams enabled the capture of critical care work processes. Upon analysing these diagrams, it was found that intensive care work processes consist of 'simplified-complexity', these processes are changed with the introduction of information systems for the everyday use and management of all clinical information. The prevailing notion of complexity surrounding critical care clinical work processes was refuted and found to be misleading; in reality, it is not the work processes that cause the complexity, the complexity is rooted in the way in which clinical information is used and managed. This study emphasises that the potential for clinical information systems that consider integrating all clinical information requirements is not only immense but also very plausible.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>13865056</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>Z665</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Simplifying the complexity surrounding ICU work processes - identifying the scope for information management in ICU settings</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Munir, SK</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kay, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2005.03.005</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:107
Date: 2015-11-30

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is not a valid RIOXX record
PropertyError
dc:identifierMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dc:identifier - found 0 values

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
dcterms:dateAcceptedMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dcterms:dateAccepted - found 0 values
dc:identifierMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dc:identifier - found 0 values
ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:107</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:49:50Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>There can be no doubt that the clinical infostructure is being significantly enriched with the deployment of new systems throughout the health sector. From a technological perspective, the initial emphasis has been mainly on functionality and only latterly on the usability of these clinical information systems. However, the large scale and rapid pace of the changes being wrought in the health sector will have a major impact on clinicians and patients, not least in how they interact with the technology. Therefore, it is not only hardware and software but people-ware, too, that needs to be actively managed; not simply a one-off functional specification but an ongoing, complex relationship. Usability is the human factor that encompasses the ethical, educational, and evaluative aspects of design. There is also a strong case for regarding usability of clinical information systems as a key critical success factor for the management of change within the health-care domain. In particular, the relationship between usability, and education and training is examined.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Routledge Taylor &amp; Francis</dc:publisher><dc:source>14639238</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>Z665</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Usability: a critical success factor for managing change in the clinical infostructure</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Kay, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14639230500298909</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:106
Date: 2015-11-30

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is not a valid RIOXX record
PropertyError
dc:identifierMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dc:identifier - found 0 values

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
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dc:identifierMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dc:identifier - found 0 values
ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:106</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:49:50Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>A major challenge for health informatics is to model the health-care domain knowledge into appropriate and useful ontologies. This is difficult, and modellers tend to simplify things dramatically by ignoring the fact that the health care domain encompasses a global perspective. The influx of complementary and alternative medicines from the East to the West, or indeed the ongoing colonialization of orthodox Western medicine into other non-western traditions requires multiple paradigms of delivering treatment to be considered simultaneously, side by side. Models and specifications need to be developed to encompass this richness and represent this complex reality so as to understand what the different concepts and terms in each tradition achieve. Acupuncture is used as a test case of cross-membership between two different paradigms. Here, we briefly outline requirements and answer possible objections to our approach before illustrating how we have modelled heterogeneous domain knowledge from different cultures, and across different paradigms, within a single ontology.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Routledge Taylor &amp; Francis</dc:publisher><dc:source>14639238</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>Z665</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Representing different views of acupuncture in a single ontology</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Kay, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gao, Y</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14639230500298925</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:105
Date: 2015-11-30

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is not a valid RIOXX record
PropertyError
dc:identifierMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dc:identifier - found 0 values

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
dcterms:dateAcceptedMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dcterms:dateAccepted - found 0 values
dc:identifierMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dc:identifier - found 0 values
ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:105</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:47:47Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Background: Psychosocial and emotional factors are important in childhood asthma. Nevertheless, drug therapy alone continues to be the main treatment. Treatment programmes that include behavioural or psychological interventions have been developed to improve disturbed family relations in the families of children with severe asthma. These approaches have been extended to examine the efficacy of family therapy to treat childhood asthma in a wider group of patients. This review systematically examines these studies. &#13;
Objectives: Recognition that asthma can be associated with emotional disturbances has led to the investigation of the role of family therapy in reducing the symptoms and impact of asthma in children. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of family therapy as an adjunct to medication for the treatment of asthma in children. &#13;
Search strategy: We searched the Cochrane Airways Group Specialised Register of trials, and checked the reference lists in trial reports and review articles. The most recent search was carried out in January 2007. &#13;
Selection criteria: Randomised trials comparing children undergoing systematic therapy focusing on the family in conjunction with asthma medication, with children taking asthma medication only. &#13;
Data collection and analysis: Two reviwers (JY and CS) applied the study inclusion criteria. &#13;
Main results: Two trials with a total of 55 children were included. It was not possible to combine the findings of these two studies because of differences in outcome measures used. In one study, gas volume, peak expiratory flow rate and daytime wheeze showed improvement in family therapy patients compared to controls. In the other study, there was an improvement in overall clinical assessment and number of functionally impaired days in the patients receiving family therapy. There was no difference in forced expiratory volume or medication use in both studies. &#13;
Authors' conclusions: There is some indication that family therapy may be a useful adjunct to medication for children with asthma. This conclusion is limited by small study sizes and lack of standardisation in the choice of outcome measures.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>John Wiley &amp; Sons Ltd.</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.cochrane.org/</dc:relation><dc:source>Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>HQ503</dc:subject><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:subject>RJ101</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Family therapy for asthma in children</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Yorke, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Shuldham, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD000089.pub2</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:104
Date: 2015-11-30

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is not a valid RIOXX record
PropertyError
dc:identifierMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dc:identifier - found 0 values

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
dcterms:dateAcceptedMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dcterms:dateAccepted - found 0 values
dc:identifierMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dc:identifier - found 0 values
ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:104</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:50:23Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Objective&#13;
&#13;
The purpose of this study was to investigate patients' perceptions of the effectiveness of a pain management regimen, which consisted of intermittent prn bolus doses of morphine, in a critical care unit after cardiac surgery.&#13;
&#13;
Design&#13;
&#13;
This was a escriptive and correlational study.&#13;
&#13;
Setting&#13;
&#13;
This study took place at the cardiothoracic intensive care unit of a major teaching hospital in Sydney, Australia.&#13;
&#13;
Patients&#13;
&#13;
The subjects were 102 patients who underwent cardiac surgical procedures. The mean age of the group was 61 years, and 24.5% were females and 75.5% were males.&#13;
&#13;
Results&#13;
&#13;
Analysis revealed that patients received limited total amounts of morphine during their critical care stay (mean = 26.7 mg; SD = 13.3; range: 0-68). All activities were associated with increased pain sensation. Patients requiring an internal mammary artery graft experienced increased pain despite receiving greater amounts of morphine. Elderly patients received less morphine and were refused pain killers more often than younger patients. Females found their overall pain experience to be less acceptable than did males. Less than half the participants always communicated their experience of pain to nurses.&#13;
&#13;
Conclusion&#13;
&#13;
Overall, the majority of participants were reasonably satisfied with their pain experience. However, the following areas need improvement: the assessment and management of pain in relation to gender and age differences and the type of graft/s used; the administration of morphine before activity; and the communication of pain experience by patients.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>01479563</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Patients perceptions of pain management after cardiac surgery in an Australian critical care unit</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Yorke, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>McLean, B</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Wallis, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hrtlng.2003.09.002</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:103
Date: 2015-10-29

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is not a valid RIOXX record
PropertyError
dc:identifierMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dc:identifier - found 0 values

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
dcterms:dateAcceptedMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dcterms:dateAccepted - found 0 values
dc:identifierMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dc:identifier - found 0 values
ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>CONTEXT: Little is known about adolescents' and young adults' experience with cystic fibrosis while waiting for or after receiving a lung transplant. The psychological and psychosocial factors that may influence these patients' transplant outcomes are yet to be fully explored. OBJECTIVE: To explore the psychosocial impact of the lung transplant journey on adolescents and young adults with cystic fibrosis. DESIGN: A questionnaire-based pilot study was used to enable descriptive, comparative, and correlational analyses between pretransplant and posttransplant groups. SETTING: A major lung transplant unit in Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-seven patients (9 before and 18 after transplantation) participated in the study. The mean ages were 18.7 years (SD 4.2) and 22.6 years (SD 3.9) in the pretransplant and posttransplant groups, respectively. RESULTS: In all domains of the Short Form 36 except Mental Health and Social Functioning, the posttransplant group had significantly higher scores (P &amp;lt; .05) compared to the pretransplant group. The Hospital and Anxiety and Depression Scale total Distress score in the posttransplant group was related to the number of rejection episodes (r = 0.47, P = .049) as well as hospital admissions (r = 0.51, P = .012), The number of rejection episodes was significantly related to patients' perceived level of self-efficacy (P = .025), importance to health (P = .001), and ease (P =.10) of monitoring their symptoms. CONCLUSION: This study provides some insight into the needs of adolescents and young adults with cystic fibrosis and the differences between those who are awaiting a transplant and those who have received a transplant. Assessing the young person's perceptions in relation to activities such as exercising, monitoring symptoms, and taking medications can give helpful insights into the transition phase, but require further research.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Innovision Communications Inc.</dc:publisher><dc:source>02664852</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Lung transplantation in adolescents and young adults with cystic fibrosis</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Yorke, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Parle, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>James, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gay, T</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Harkess, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Glanville, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:102
Date: 2015-11-30

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:102</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:48:50Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Aim: Psychological factors may influence the symptoms and management of asthma in children in many ways. It is, therefore, suggested that psychological interventions may be appropriate for this population. This paper reports a systematic review assessing the efficacy of psychological interventions in improving health outcomes for children with asthma. &#13;
Methodology: A review of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCT) was designed. RCTs assessing the effects of a psychological intervention in child participants were included in the review. Outcome measures included healthcare utilization, lung function, asthma symptoms, and psychological health status. The search was conducted until April 2005. &#13;
Results: Twelve studies, involving 588 children, were included in the review; however, study quality was poor and sample sizes were frequently small. A meta-analysis was performed on two studies, examining the effects of relaxation therapy on PEFR which favored the treatment group (SD 0.82, CI 0.41-1.24). No other meta-analysis could be performed due to the diversity of interventions and the outcomes assessed. In addition, many studies reported insufficient data. &#13;
Conclusions: This review was unable to draw firm conclusions for the role of psychological interventions for children with asthma. We recommend that valid outcome measures for evaluating the effectiveness of psychological interventions for children with asthma need to address adjustment to and coping with asthma, as well as other psychological indicators. The absence of an adequate evidence base is demonstrated, highlighting the need for well-conducted RCTs in this area.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>John Wiley &amp; Sons</dc:publisher><dc:source>87556863</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:subject>RJ101</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>A systematic review of psychological interventions for children with asthma</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Yorke, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Fleming, SL</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Shuldham, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.20464</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:101
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:101</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:49:09Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Objectives: To compare the effectiveness and costs of providing information for patient care via librarian-mediated searches and information-skills training. &#13;
Methods: A questionnaire survey to library staff and health professionals in the North West. Data was collected on perceptions of services, satisfaction and service usage, allowing a cost analysis to be undertaken. Statistical data was analysed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (spss). &#13;
Results: Using satisfaction and use of skills as outcome measures, both mediated searches and information skills training are effective. A breakdown of costs per type of training session and literature search is provided. Cost-effectiveness is dependent on whether costs are viewed from a library or trust point of view. Providing information skills training does not reduce the volume of mediated-search requests. &#13;
Conclusions: No one method of providing information for health professionals is more effective or cost-effective than another. A decision about which services to provide cannot be made on the basis of effectiveness or costs alone; the views of library staff and the health professionals they serve should also be taken into account. A proactive approach and targeting training towards those who are most likely to benefit may be an appropriate way forward.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>02656647</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>Z665</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>The costs and effectiveness of information skills training and mediated searching: quantitative results from the EMPIRIC project</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Brettle, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hulme, CT</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ormandy, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-1842.2006.00670.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:99
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:99</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:49:27Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The European Practice Database (EPD) contains data from 8 countries including 276 centres and 21,861 dialysis patients. Comparing patients and centre characteristics, remarkable similarities and pronounced differences in renal practice between different European countries and between centres within each country were found.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>European Renal Care Association</dc:publisher><dc:source>1019083X</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>D901</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>mem_text_and_place</dc:subject><dc:title>Comparison of renal care practice in Europe: centre and patient characteristics</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Elseviers, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>de Vos, JY</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Harrington, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Zampieron, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ormandy, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kafkia, T</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:98
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:98</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:49:30Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This paper describes a study to capture the key roles and activities of nephrology nurses across different countries in Europe. The concept of the study and the need to clarify the activities of the nephrology nurse arose as part of a larger study to develop the European Practice Database (EPD)1. The Research Board (EDTNA/ERCA) needed to identify key questions that would detect significant differences in the role and responsibilities of nephrology nurses in different countries and monitor the evolution over time of nephrology nursing practice in Europe. It was therefore appropriate to devise a separate small study to generate evidence based questions for the EPD and confirm the reliability and usefulness of the information captured.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>European Renal Care Association</dc:publisher><dc:source>1019083X</dc:source><dc:subject>D901</dc:subject><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>mem_text_and_place</dc:subject><dc:title>Development of indicators to measure European variation of nursing activities</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Zampieron, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Elseviers, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ormandy, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Vlaminck, H</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>de Vos, JY</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kafkia, T</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Lindley, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Harrington, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:97
Date: 2017-08-09

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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:97</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-08-09T05:24:10Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>In 2002, a team of researchers from the School of Nursing, University of Salford were commissioned by Bolton Hospitals NHS Trust to evaluate the delivery and organisation of patient-centred nursing care across the acute nursing wards within the Royal Bolton Hospital.&#13;
The key driver for the commissioning of this study arose from two serious untoward incidents that occurred in the year 2000. Following investigation of both these events the Director of Nursing in post at that time believed that poor organisation and delivery of care may have been a contributory factor. Senior nurses in the Trust had also expressed their concern that care may not be organised in a way that made best use of the skills available.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://usir.salford.ac.uk/97/1/Final%2520Report%2520Bolton%2520Hospitals%2520NHS%2520Trust%2520-%2520Feb%25202006%2520P%2520Ormandy.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>University of Salford</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.research.salford.ac.uk/scnmcr/SCNMCR/</dc:relation><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Evaluation of the organisation and delivery of patient-centred acute nursing care</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Ormandy, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Haigh, CA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Solomon, JM</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:96
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:96</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:51:01Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>On considère souvent que les enfants aveugles présentent des difficultés dans leurs capacités de représentation, notamment dans le jeu de fiction, la compréhension de soi et des autres et la représentation spatiale. Une interprétation possible de tels résultats est que la vision joue un rôle majeur dans le développement de ces activités. Cependant, récemment plusieurs chercheurs ont rapporté des données qui remettent en question la théorie selon laquelle les difficultés dans la capacité de représentation serait une conséquence nécessaire de la malvoyance. Ces données suggèrent qu’il peut y avoir des modes de représentation qui se développent à partir des modalités sensorielles autres que la vision. Dans cet article, nous décrivons une gamme de capacités de représentation chez un enfant aveugle congénital que nous avons observé de sa seconde à sa septième année. Les domaines de représentation étudiés sont la catégorisation d’objets, le développement lexical, la compréhension de soi et des autres, les jeux de fictions, l’appréciation de ce que les autres voient et la compréhension de l’espace. Il apparaît clairement que cet enfant a développé des capacités de représentation sans utiliser la vision. Nos résultats et ceux d’autres études nous conduisent à discuter comment la représentation peut se développer en l’absence de la modalité visuelle et pourquoi certains enfants aveugles semblent éprouver des difficultés particulières dans le domaine de la représentation.  &#13;
&#13;
Blind children are often reported to have difficulties in representational ability, including pretend play, understanding of self and others and spatial understanding. One interpretation of such findings is that vision plays a significant role in these developments. However, recently several researchers have reported findings which question whether or not difficulties in representational ability are a necessary consequence of visual impairment. These data suggest that there may be ways of developing representation through perceptual modalities other than vision. In this paper we describe a spectrum of representational ability in a congenitally totally blind child who we have observed from his second to seventh year of life. Aspects of representational ability studied include categorization of objects, early lexical development, understanding of self and others, pretend play, appreciation of the visual sense and spatial understanding. The evidence clearly indicates that this child has developed representational understanding without the use of vision. In the light of this and other evidence we discuss how representation might develop in the absence of vision and why some blind children seem to experience particular difficulties.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Universitaires de France</dc:publisher><dc:source>00137345</dc:source><dc:subject>HQ767</dc:subject><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Les capacités de représentation d'un enfant aveugle congénital entre un et sept ans (The representational ability of a congenitally blind child between one and seven years)</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Lewis, V</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Norgate, SH</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Collis, G</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:95
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Two previous studies have indicated that until the teenage years blind children understand the relationships between familiar locations in and around their home in terms of the routes between them rather than in terms of straight line directions. Given the practical implications of these findings, it is important that they are replicated. The present paper describes some new ways of exploring blind children's understanding of space and reports some preliminary data from three blind children, two severely visually impaired children and a small group of sighted children. These data indicate that blind children can understand the straight line relationships between different locations at a younger age than previously reported. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>SAGE Publications</dc:publisher><dc:source>02646196</dc:source><dc:subject>HQ767</dc:subject><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RJ101</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>New methods for studying blind children's understanding of familiar space</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Lewis, V</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Collis, G</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Shadlock, R</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Potts, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Norgate, SH</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/026461960202000104</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:94
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The pattern of parent-child correlations in adoption studies has long been interpreted to suggest substantial additive genetic variance underlying variance in IQ. The studies have frequently been criticized on methodological grounds, but those criticisms have not reflected recent perspectives in genetics and developmental theory. Here we apply those perspectives to recent IQ adoption studies and show how they further question two sets of problems: first, the assumption of additive gene and environmental effects; second, the assumption that the adoption situation approximates a randomized-effects design. We show how a number of possible factors having systematic effects in breach of those assumptions can produce the received pattern of correlations without appealing to unusual amounts of additive gene variance.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>S. Karger AG, Basel</dc:publisher><dc:source>0018716X</dc:source><dc:subject>HQ767</dc:subject><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>A critical analysis of IQ studies of adopted children</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Richardson, K</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Norgate, SH</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000096531</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:93
Date: 2017-10-05

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The classical twin method – comprising comparisons of monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins – in the domain of cognitive abilities and attainments has led to wide acceptance of results suggesting a large amount of additive genetic variance, with far-reaching implications both for the nature of future studies on the causes of cognitive variance and for intervention policies, as in education. However, this interpretation is only valid if the method observes a number of conditions, which have to hold. Here, we show that the most crucial of these, namely, the equal environments assumption (EEA), may not hold. Consequently, differences in twin correlations might be at least partly explained by treatment effects from parents, teachers, peers, and so on. In addition, well-known interactions at various levels confound the model of simple additive effects on which the classical twin method is predicated and results are interpreted. For example, at a socio-cognitive level, DZ twins may respond to treatments differently from MZ twins. This interaction may further explain MZ–DZ correlation differences. There is abundant evidence for such interactive effects in published twin data. We suggest that there is a need for a more thorough examination of these problems.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://usir.salford.ac.uk/93/1/RichardsonNorgateEEAinBJEP.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>British Psychological Society</dc:publisher><dc:source>00070998</dc:source><dc:subject>HQ767</dc:subject><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>The equal environments assumption of classical twin studies may not hold</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Richardson, K</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Norgate, SH</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1348/000709904X24690</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:92
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:50:42Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Since the late 1990s, the possible adverse effects of the combined measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine have caused intense public debate. After the vaccine was introduced in 1988, coverage was high, increasing from 80% in 1989 to 92% in 1997. After 1997 coverage began to decline,1 and by 2001 had fallen by 4.1%, which gave some cause for concern.2 We examined the extent to which these trends reflect different patterns of uptake in affluent and deprived areas and changes in the equitable coverage of immunisation for MMR.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>BMJ Publishing Group</dc:publisher><dc:source>09598138</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Comparison of social distribution of immunisation with measles, mumps and rubella vaccine, England, 1991-2001</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Middleton, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Baker, DJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.326.7394.854</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:90
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Difference in explanatory models (EMs) between the person and the healthcare professional has been suggested as one reason for non-adherence to a recommended treatment regimen. The aim of this study was to explore the EMsof diabetes by a group of Asian and Caucasian participants. A total of 25 Asians and 24 Caucasians were recruited from a local diabetic clinic and subsequently interviewed about their personal EMs of diabetes. Responses to the tape-recorded semistructured interview questions about the perceived cause, time and mode of symptom onset, pathophysiology, course of illness and treatment were analysed and categories of response established and compared across the two groups. Although the results indicated some similarities of EMs of diabetes between the groups, certain differences were identified. It is suggested that nurses who include EMs in their care planning are more likely to enhance adherence among people with diabetes.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Mark Allen Publishing Limited</dc:publisher><dc:source>09660461</dc:source><dc:subject>HT</dc:subject><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Explanatory models of diabetes among Asian and Caucasian participants</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Meetoo, D</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Meetoo, L</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:89
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:89</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:49:58Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Aim: An empowering action research study was undertaken to evaluate and strengthen the implementation of shared governance. One aim was to identify factors that acted as aids or barriers to effective decision-making by clinical leaders. As a work-based learning approach, action research was expected to lead to integration of learning into practice by researcher and participants alike. &#13;
Background: Shared governance replaces traditional hierarchies and requires and develops clinical leaders. Strategies are needed to maximize learning from introduction of such initiatives at the individual, group and organizational level. &#13;
Methods: Participant-observations and interviews were undertaken with shared governance council members from one model in north-west England. &#13;
Results: Leadership skills and knowledge and shared governance practices were significantly enhanced. Preparation for council roles was considered inadequate. Increased structured time for reflection and action planning was indicated. &#13;
Conclusions: Implementation of shared governance has succeeded in developing leadership capacity. Evaluation findings have led to improvements in the overall shared governance model. Action research has been found to have great utility at optimizing work-based learning. Nurse Managers need to develop their coaching and facilitating skills and recognize there is no 'quick fix' for developing clinical leaders. Implications include the need to support learners in identifying and implementing changes arising from work-based learning activities, the significant resource implications and the need to optimize the organizational climate if work-based learning approaches to leadership and management development are to succeed.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>09660429</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Work-based learning: a leadership development example from an action research study of shared governance implementation</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Williamson, T</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2934.2005.00576.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:88
Date: 2015-11-30

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ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:87
Date: 2017-08-10

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ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:86
Date: 2017-08-10

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Despite the United Kingdom's recent governmental mental health policy directives aimed at strengthening professional collaboration and increasing service user involvement, the prevailing mental health care culture remains steeped in a discourse of treatment and care, control and compliance and professional expertise. Drawing upon the data collected during the two phases of a 2-year national evaluation undertaken for the English National Board for Nursing, Midwifery and Health Visiting, the perceptions of a group of mental health service users in relation to their experiences and contact with the multi-professional team are explored. A series of metaphorical descriptions were developed with these service users drawn from their experience. These begin to illuminate a realistic way of thinking about how teams are set up, how and why they carry out their various roles, and the need to think in non-professional terms about the relationships that are developed with service users. A hierarchy of power was noted that was congruent with the outcomes of other studies. However, there was also a concurrent acknowledgement of the ‘usefulness’(to the individual service user) of each of the professional group members. This appeared to have been constructed alongside the power hierarchy and serves to illustrate how individual service users sought to find an accommodation within the social system they were placed in. This paper argues however, that the use of metaphors, as a form of shared communication, can be an effective first step in working towards this objective. Working in the way described here can allow for a greater shared understanding of what each group is experiencing and help ensure that future service development reflects a broader view of the mental health care world.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>13510126</dc:source><dc:subject>RA790</dc:subject><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Service users, metaphors and teamworking in mental health</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Warne, T</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Stark, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2850.2004.00775.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:85
Date: 2017-08-11

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Current UK health policy guidance locates primary care at the frontiers of health care modernization. New organizational structures have resulted in general practitioner (GP) practices being brought together in Primary Care Groups (PCGs) and Primary Care Trusts (PCTs) each serving a much larger population group than the traditional GP practice. These changes have been accompanied with a need to explore new ways of working and thinking. This paper draws upon the experiences of nurses and GPs participating in an evaluation of workforce planning issues in primary health care. It explores how practitioners working in PCGs across one geographical area were able to gain a better understanding of what these changes, to both the structure and process of practice, might involve. During this developmental process the respondents used ‘the family’ metaphor, as a form of ‘shorthand’ to orientate themselves to the new responsibilities, challenges and opportunities presented by these changes to primary health care. It was in the use of terms and constructs that were familiar to their ‘everyday life’ experiences that made taking the first tentative steps in the change process easier. This paper suggests that using metaphors may be a powerful tool for policy makers, practitioners,managers and for researchers as they seek to communicate a plan for change and in understanding what these changes might mean.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://usir.salford.ac.uk/85/1/download.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Cambridge University Press</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://journals.cambridge.org</dc:relation><dc:relation>http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=PHC</dc:relation><dc:source>14634236</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>HQ503</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>The family practitioner family : the use of metaphor in understanding changes in primary health care organizations</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Warne, T</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Stark, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1191/1463423603pc164oa</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:84
Date: 2017-08-10

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Deliberate self-harm predominantly occurs in women under the age of 30 years. This qualitative case study using feminist methods explored the experiences of three women who each had a long history of self-harming behaviour. Psychoanalytical concepts are used to explore the meaning of the conflicts that these women experience. Emergent themes include: great expectations, I speak but no one hears, sexual naivety meets sexual violence, and redrawing the sexual map. This thematic analysis helps facilitate an insight into what these women are trying to communicate, and provides guidance for mental health professionals to more effectively respond to the challenges of working with women who self-harm.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>10343780</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>HQ1101</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Cutting across boundaries : a case study using feminist praxis to understand the meanings of self-harm</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>McAndrew, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Warne, T</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-0979.2005.00378.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:83
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:83</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:50:18Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The objectives of this longitudinal study were to determine the prevalence of smoking among primary school children in Liverpool (England, UK), and to identify the predictors of experimentation with cigarettes during preadolescence. A cohort of children (n=270) completed questionnaires between 1999 and 2001 that elicited patterns of child smoking behaviour and children's experiences of smoking in their families and communities each year between the ages of 9 and 11 years. Parents also completed questionnaires. Children's first trials with cigarettes and repeated smoking were reported. The independent variables measured were socioeconomic status, familial and peer smoking, and intentions to smoke. By age 11, 27% of children had tried smoking, 12% had smoked repeatedly and 3% were smoking regularly. Variables measured at age 9 predicting experimentation with cigarettes by age 11 were male gender (P=0.041), paternal smoking (P=0.001), fraternal smoking (P=0.017), a best friend who smoked (P=0.026), and knowing someone with a smoking-related disease (P=0.006). Intentions to smoke at age 9 did not predict smoking at age 11 (P&amp;gt;0.05). In univariate analyses, child smoking was also associated with maternal smoking (P=0.002 at age 11), living in a low-income household (P&amp;lt;0.001 at age 10) and living in a deprived area (P=0.025 at age 11). Early smoking presents a considerable challenge to health promoters, not least because it is socially patterned. The interventions required must tackle the structural and social pressures that shape smoking behaviour during childhood.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>00333506</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RJ101</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Why do primary school children smoke? A longitudinal analysis of predictors of smoking uptake during pre-adolescence</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Milton, B</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Cook, PA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dugdill, L</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Porcellato, L</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Springett, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Woods, SE</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2003.10.006</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:81
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Smoking remains a major problem among young people in Europe. However, within the research community examining the issue, debate continues about the best way of assessing the extent of that problem. Questions have been raised about the extent to which existing techniques for generating statistical representations of patterns of youth smoking can address a range of problems connected with identifying, accounting for and correcting unreliable self-report smoking data. Using empirical data from the UK Liverpool Longitudinal Smoking Study (LLSS), this paper argues that self-report measures of smoking, treated in isolation from participants' personal accounts, can disguise problems with the reliability and validity of a given study. Using longitudinal qualitative and quantitative data in dialogue, two main factors contributing to unreliable data are discussed: (a) participants' access to and familiarity with frameworks of everyday cultural knowledge about the practice of smoking, and (b) participants' retrospective revision of events in line with their current goals, aspirations and self-understandings. The conclusion drawn is that research has to employ multiple methods, minimally incorporating some personal contribution from participants, to explore the complex character of the problem of smoking and to avoid the difficulties posed by the models of smoking behaviour embodied within stand-alone statistical research.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>02779536</dc:source><dc:subject>HQ767</dc:subject><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Lies, damned lies and statistics? Reliability and personal accounts of smoking among young people</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Mair, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Barlow, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Woods, SE</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kierans, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Milton, B</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Porcellato, L</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.07.002</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:80
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This paper reflects on the appropriateness of using focus groups with young children, based on a real life study carried out in Liverpool, UK which used 12, single-sex focus groups (n=50, mean age=7) to explore children's perceptions of smoking. The technique proved both useful and appropriate for young children, although in practice the groups needed more direction by the moderator than is thought to be ideal with adults. The findings produced by the study were comparable to those attained by other research methods. There was no evidence of over conformity as a range of responses were given, and the children appeared to enjoy the exercise, which encouraged spontaneity. We conclude, with certain preconditions, that focus groups with young children are a viable method for exploring young children's perspectives but need to be small in number, homogenous and interactive, to maintain a high level of interest.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Emerald</dc:publisher><dc:source>09654283</dc:source><dc:subject>HQ767</dc:subject><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Using focus groups to explore children's perceptions of smoking: reflections on practice</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Porcellato, L</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dugdill, L</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Springett, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/09654280210446856</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:79
Date: 2017-08-09

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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:79</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-08-09T14:40:34Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Background: The amount of surgery undertaken within United Kingdom Day Surgery Units has risen considerably over the past 15–20 years. Throughout this pioneering era, nursing roles and responsibilities within the modern surgical environment have developed although have largely shadowed medical advances. Evidence based nursing knowledge appears to have contributed very little to the recent success of day surgery. This may be due, in part, to the lack of attention given to modern surgical practices within current pre-registration nurse education programmes of study.&#13;
&#13;
Aim: The aim of this educational audit was to evaluate the consideration given to modern surgical practices in the programmes of study of recently qualified staff nurses employed within Day Surgery Units in the United Kingdom in order to gauge the extent of the challenge.&#13;
&#13;
Method: A postal audit was designed and sent to n = 247 Day Surgery Units. The audit was intended to elicit information from the staff nurses regarding their experiences of modern, elective day surgery during their nurse education programmes of study.&#13;
&#13;
Results: Two hundred and seventy seven staff nurses responded revealing that the level of attention to day surgery practices within pre-registration programmes was extremely low. The professions’ actual and potential theoretical contribution to modern surgical practices was virtually nil. Their experience of pre-operative nursing intervention appeared mainly to involve the teaching of traditional surgical in-patients nursing skills. The inclusion of modern surgical practices into the theoretical assignments within the programmes of study was very limited. Once qualified, the vast majority of staff nurses experienced no additional formal education for their new role.&#13;
&#13;
Conclusions: The results are discussed in relation to the re-focusing of pre-registration nurse education, changing clinical roles and the future of nursing within the modern surgical arena.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://usir.salford.ac.uk/79/1/Nurse_Knowledge.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.elsevier.com/</dc:relation><dc:relation>http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/30388/description#description</dc:relation><dc:source>09666532</dc:source><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>RD</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Nursing knowledge and the expansion of day surgery in the United Kingdom</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Mitchell, MJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ambsur.2005.09.003</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:78
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>As modern surgical and anaesthetic techniques develop even greater capabilities, the time in which to adequately undertake such nurse/patient discussions has past and will never return. Information provision is thus a challenge for day surgery. Many studies have suggested patients require differing levels of information i.e. full, partial and minimal disclosure. Future information booklets may need to be constructed in a more patient centred manner. This article attempts to provide a methodical approach to the required level of information, a guide to the construction of information booklets and suggestions for their application in day surgery.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam</dc:publisher><dc:source>09666532</dc:source><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>RD</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Constructing information booklets for day-case patients</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Mitchell, MJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0966-6532(00)00078-0</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:77
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Most cases of elective surgery in the UK are now undertaken in day-case facilities, and the trend is set to increase. Surgical and anaesthetic health care is changing rapidly. Traditional pre- and post-operative nursing intervention, once commonly taught and practised, must now be re-evaluated as a result of such transformations. However, undertaking research in order to investigate the fresh challenges facing nursing in the modern surgical environment may present many difficulties. Methodological issues, such as the application of research approaches, time for adequate data collection, and the utilisation of patients as participants undergoing modern surgery, will present numerous barriers. In this article, Mark Mitchell identifies and discusses three problematic methodological issues that currently challenge the effective study of psychological recovery from modern surgery in the UK.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>RCN Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>13515578</dc:source><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>RD</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Methodological challenges in the study of psychological recovery from modern surgery</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Mitchell, MJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:76
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:50:41Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This article outlines the increase in the amount and complexity of day-case surgery  currently being undertaken in the United Kingdom. The continuing increase in day surgery  has led to a corresponding rise in patient and lay-carer involvement throughout the pre and  post-operative period. The impact day surgery expansion is having upon the patient and  their carers' contribution to care is therefore highlighted as a challenging issue for modern  day-case surgery. Utilising the evidence available from the literature, the article focuses  specifically upon the contemporary issues concerning patient and lay-carer experiences of  discharge from a day surgery facility. The main challenges identified are pain  management, recovery behaviour and community care provision. The clinical application of  the issues raised within these themes is considered and recommendations for future  practice highlighted.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Mark Allen Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.britishjournalofnursing.com</dc:relation><dc:source>09660461</dc:source><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>RD</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Impact of discharge from day surgery on patients and carers</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Mitchell, MJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:75
Date: 2017-08-08

RIOXX

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      <datestamp>2017-08-08T14:38:54Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Medical advances have led to a considerable rise in the level of elective surgery undertaken as day-case surgery and with minimal hospital stay. However, amid such advances, preoperative psychological care has remained relatively static. A considerable number of patients are very anxious prior to elective surgery and little formal care is undertaken to address this major issue. A review of the literature from 1990 to 2002 was therefore undertaken in order to assess the present level of knowledge and interventions concerning patient anxiety when undergoing modern, intermediate surgical intervention. Thirty-four studies embracing data from 3754 patients undergoing both inpatient and day-case procedures were reviewed. Three main themes emerged -causes of anxiety, clinical concerns and measurement, and anxiety management. Each theme is discussed alongside details extracted from the relevant studies. Finally, the main issues arising are summarized and future research challenges identified.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://usir.salford.ac.uk/75/1/AnxietyLitReviewJCN.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://eu.wiley.com</dc:relation><dc:relation>http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0962-1067</dc:relation><dc:source>09621067</dc:source><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>RD</dc:subject><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Patient anxiety and modern elective surgery: a literature review</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Mitchell, MJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2702.2003.00812.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:73
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:73</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:50:22Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Background: Many student nurses undertake international clinical experience during their education programmes, which raises the question ‘How do these experiences impact on students nurses’ personal and professional development?’ &#13;
Method: A case study was conducted in one School of Nursing in the United Kingdom. Student nurses participating in a new module, International Nursing and Health Care, which included clinical experience overseas, gave qualitative accounts of their international experiences and subsequent learning. Their accounts were also compared with the perceptions and expectations of the module facilitators. &#13;
Findings: While there were some similarities in student experience and facilitator expectations, there were also notable differences. The students believed that their international experiences had a deep impact on their personal development, helping them make the transition from student to qualified nurse. The case study raised further questions about the acquisition of cultural knowledge and the facilitation and provision of learning from experience.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>00208132</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>The impact of international experience on student nurses' personal and professional development</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Lee, N</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-7657.2003.00200.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:72
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Research to underpin clinical activity in radiographic practice is rapidly becoming a requirement and not an option. Whilst it is recognised that the ability to undertake research demands suitable training in research itself, arguments have been given which indicate that without adequate leadership abilities the research activity may not develop or flourish. In the context of radiography this review paper initially argues a need for research leadership in the clinical (and academic) environment. The debate then moves to consider one method of leadership (transformational) that might be suitable. Transformational leadership is rapidly gaining popularity within the National Health Service. Finally, the debate focuses on the professional (‘taught’) doctorate as a means of acquiring both research and leadership training and education within one university course.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>10788174</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>L1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Leadership in research</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Lee, N</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gambling, TS</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hogg, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2004.01.018</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:71
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ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:69
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Aim: The aim of the study was to elicit from parents how they lived and coped with a baby who cries excessively. It sought to identify factors which made coping more difficult, as well as interventions perceived by parents to be effective in improving the situation. &#13;
Background: The excessive crying of a baby can be one of the most trying aspects of parenthood. Although there have been many studies into the cause and treatment of the problem, these have produced little convincing evidence and even less agreement among investigators. In the light of this an alternative approach is to provide effective support to enhance coping until the crying abates. &#13;
Design: This study was based in pragmatic ethnography and followed an adapted grounded theory approach. A total of 25 adults from 14 families participated, recounting their experiences with 20 babies who either were currently crying excessively or had done so previously while less than 1 year old. Data was collected by a factual questionnaire and tape-recorded focused interviews conducted in the family home augmented by periods of participant observation. &#13;
Outcomes: Almost every aspect of family life was disrupted, resulting in strained relationships, feelings of guilt, and concerns about losing control. Repeated attempts had to be made to establish a diagnosis and to find a cure. Such attempts failed, leading to a repeated cycle of hope and disappointment. The greatest potential to effect a positive impact lay in the supportive role of health visitors. They needed to visit frequently; stay for a prolonged period; demonstrate engagement with the family and its difficulties; and impart specific messages with conviction and sincerity. &#13;
Conclusion: A specific, vital role was found for the health visitor in supporting parents through this problem, and aspects of the role were identified in which further study is indicated.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>03092402</dc:source><dc:subject>HQ</dc:subject><dc:subject>HQ767</dc:subject><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Living and coping with excessive infantile crying</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Long, T</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Johnson, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2648.2001.01740.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:67
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The Chair Massage service considered in this evaluation study was provided to carers, visiting in-patients at a major cancer hospital in the UK. The two-stage evaluation comprised: firstly, a retrospective review of treatment records for the previous 12 months (n=182), and secondly, a prospective study, gathering data by interview and a ‘next-day’ questionnaire from carers (n=34), during 1 week of service delivery. The study at both stages sought to identify who used the service, post-treatment comments and changes in scores using a Feeling Good Thermometer (Field, T., 2000. Touch Therapy. Churchill Livingstone, London). During the second stage the carers were also asked about their concerns and worries, and to report changes in physical and emotional states using visual scales. Findings included significant improvements in physical and psychological scores; these were retained through to the next day. The next-day questionnaire also reported improved sleep for the majority of carers. A number of concerns and worries were raised at interview, notably anxieties about the patient and uncertainty about the future, family and financial worries. Overall, the service was well evaluated with parents and in particular female carers appearing to gain the most from the intervention.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>14623889</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Chair massage for carers in an acute cancer hospital</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Mackereth, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Sylt, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Weinberg, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Campbell, G</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejon.2005.03.005</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:66
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:66</identifier>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The aim of this paper is to briefly examine the contemporary phenomenon of “burnout” within oncology and palliative care. In discussing the suitable interventions to manage stress and avoid burnout, reference will be made to counselling and clinical supervision, but more substantially the paper will report on an innovative subsidised complementary therapy service for staff. The Government's Improving Working Lives Standard will be referred as an initiative that supports the development of supportive services for NHS staff.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>14623889</dc:source><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Improving stressful working lives: complementary therapies, counselling and clinical supervision for staff</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Mackereth, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>White, K</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Cawthorn, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Lynch, B</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejon.2004.04.006</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:65
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Infant or baby massage has emerged in the recent decade as an activity promoted by health care professionals, popular with parents and the subject of a growing body of research evidence (Complement. Ther. Nurs. Midwifery 2 (1996) 151; 3 &amp; 8 Tough Ther. 2000). This paper reports on the experience of establishing and facilitating baby massage training. There is a focus in the discussion on teaching fathers, as only one male parent attended the classes over a 6-month period. Recommendations are made in the conclusion, identifying possible ways of promoting fathers involvement in babies massage. The paper, with its images of a father engaged in baby massage, is intended to add to the current limited amount of literature available on this subject.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>13536117</dc:source><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>HQ503</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>A minority report: teaching fathers baby massage</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Mackereth, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1353-6117(03)00037-4</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:64
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The complementary therapy team at the Christie Hospital has won a highly prestigious national Prince of Wales award. The award is for "Good Practice in Integrated Healthcare" and applauds the hospital for including complementary therapies as part of patient care at the Christie. His Royal Highness, The Prince of Wales presented The Prince of Wales Foundation for Integrated Healthcare Award to Christie staff at Lambeth Hospital in London on the 11th December 2003 (see picture). The Gateway Clinic at Lambeth Hospital jointly won the award (reference here to a future publication). The Christie Hospital started providing complementary therapies 7 years ago, and the service has greatly expanded in the last 3 years. Patients can choose a complementary therapy treatment in addition to their medical treatment. A 15-strong complementary therapy team provides back and head massages, reflexology and other treatments. The paper reports on the various aspects of the project, identifying who leads each part and how it is being developed and evaluated.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>13536117</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>The award winning 'completing the circle' complementary therapy service initiative at Christie NHS Hospital Manchester</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Mackereth, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctnm.2004.02.003</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:63
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Background: Head injury as a result of trauma is an important cause of long-term disability. Recently published guidance from the National Institute for Clinical Excellence on Acute Head Injuries and a forthcoming National Service Framework for Long-Term Neurological Conditions provides renewed focus on this practice speciality. &#13;
Aims and objectives: This article presents a narrative review of a range of quantitative and qualitative studies that have explored the impact of head injury and postinjury disabilities on patients' and families lives. &#13;
Results: Patients may experience a range of physical, emotional, cognitive, social and behavioural problems after head injury that will have a significant impact on both their own and their families' everyday lives. It is important that the behavioural, physical and psychological aspects of head injury are addressed. Carers may be vulnerable to stress and anxiety as a result of their caring role. &#13;
Conclusions: It is often in the longer term that the true complexity and impact of head injury may become apparent. Ongoing support, from a range of services, will be required to assist both patient and family to cope with their circumstances. Ensuring that practice is evidence based, it is necessary to conduct further research, both to explore the effectiveness of current service provision and investigate those aspects deemed important by patients and carers. &#13;
Relevance to clinical practice: As nurses play an important role in both the acute and long-term care and support of those who have suffered a head injury, it is vital that they are aware of the wide ranging needs with which patients and families may present.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>09621067</dc:source><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>HQ503</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Head injury: long-term consequences for patients and families and implications for nurses</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Kneafsey, R</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gawthorpe, DM</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2004.00903.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:62
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Effective rehabilitation depends on multiple inputs from a variety of skilled multi-professional team members. This paper explores perceptions of the nurse's role within the multi-professional rehabilitation team and challenges for effective team working. It draws on findings from a 2-year qualitative study exploring the role of the nurse within rehabilitation. Substantial differences in the nurse's role were evident, depending on their and others' perceptions, especially in relation to the nurse's carry-on role. Many nurses felt their contributions were not valued and others desired greater reciprocity within the team. Blurring of role boundaries could bring benefits to clients but also led to professional tensions and rivalry.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>00207489</dc:source><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>HD66</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Rehabilitation practice: challenges to effective team working</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Long, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kneafsey, R</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ryan, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0020-7489(03)00015-4</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:61
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Effective hospital and community rehabilitation services are increasingly recognised as a means of meeting the changing pattern of health and social care need. While the district or community nurse has the potential to play a central part in community rehabilitation provision, this role has received relatively scant attention in the literature. This paper describes research findings on community nurses’ perceptions of their role and potential contribution to rehabilitation. As part of a wider, 2-year, qualitative investigation of the role of the nurse in rehabilitation, fieldwork was undertaken with both district and community staff nurses. This comprised focus group discussions and interviews with staff recruited as a consequence of the follow-up of patients’ experiencing rehabilitation. The findings indicate that community-based nurses contributed to patient rehabilitation by making assessments, referring on to other members of the multi-professional team, advocating for and liaising with other services, helping people to adapt, teaching and motivating patients and carers, supporting and involving families, and providing technical care. A number of challenges to community-based nursing roles were apparent, including feelings of exclusion, lack of recognition, a lack of time for rehabilitation and paucity of referrals for rehabilitation. Greater clarity and recognition is needed of the community-based nursing contribution to rehabilitation, and there is a need to ensure that community nursing assessments contribute to patients’ rehabilitation goals and the promotion of independent living.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>09660410</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>An exploration of the contribution of the community nurse to rehabilitation</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Kneafsey, R</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Long, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ryan, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2524.2003.00432.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:60
Date: 2015-11-30

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:60</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:51:01Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>AIM OF THE STUDY/PAPER: To identify the contribution of the nurse within the multi-professional rehabilitation team. BACKGROUND: The requirement for nurses to work effectively within the multi-professional rehabilitation team is increasingly important with the higher incidence of chronic disease, growing numbers of older people and enhanced survival from major trauma. METHODS: A 2-year qualitative investigation was undertaken centred on three contrasting condition case studies (fractured neck of femur, rheumatoid arthritis and stroke). Clients were theoretically sampled, with their 'rehabilitation pathway' through different services providing the window through which the nurse's contribution was explored. Multiple methods and points of data collection were used, including observation, face to face interviews (clients, carers and staff) and record review. To enhance generalisability, a series of national expert workshops were undertaken with four groups: users, carers and carers' organizations; nurses; members of the multi-professional team; and educationalists. FINDINGS: Six interlinked roles for the nurse were identified: assessment, co-ordination and communication, technical and physical care, therapy integration and therapy carry-on, emotional support, and involving the family. Of particular significance is the creation of a supportive environment for rehabilitation to occur. Some nurses undertook aspects of all of these roles at any one time while others were only involved in one or two areas. While nurses expressed a desire to integrate therapy into their care delivery, the actual achievement of this goal was variable. CONCLUSIONS: Key elements of the nurse's contribution within rehabilitation should aim to maximize client choice to enhance independent living in the client's future environment. At a nursing educational policy level the nurse needs to have a full understanding of the principles and models of rehabilitation. At a practice level, the nurse's role must be valued and recognized, by nurses themselves and other team members.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>03092402</dc:source><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>The role of the nurse within the multi-professional rehabilitation team</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Long, AF</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kneafsey, R</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ryan, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Berry, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2648.2002.02059.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:59
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:59</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:50:21Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>In this paper I argue that nursing research is losing its way. There are a number of ways in which this is happening; for example, people are spending much more time writing about methodology than getting on with the research itself and the reporting of discovery. Here, I address the extent to which we are debilitating the research enterprise through what passes as ‘ethics’ and&#13;
‘governance’.&#13;
I will refer to examples from nursing and related research to illustrate the gradual development of greater concern for the well-being of research participants and the prevention of harm. I will go on to illustrate how, in&#13;
comparison to the search for knowledge in the wider world, the health professions (and in the UK nurses in particular) are making research more difficult to execute than it needs to be. In the development of defensive rules&#13;
and procedures we have somehow forgotten exactly from what harms we are protecting our patients, students and staff.&#13;
For those looking for a theoretical background to my views, they are, in essence, consequential, and I hope to show that with a harms and benefits approach we could bring much common sense to the critical appraisal of&#13;
previous research and the approval and conduct of nursing research now and in the future.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>SAGE Publications</dc:publisher><dc:source>13614096</dc:source><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>BJ</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Real-world ethics and nursing research</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Johnson, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/136140960400900403</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:58
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:58</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:49:51Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>In this literature review, we examine to what extent patient safety is addressed within medical and nursing curricula. Patient safety is the foundation of healthcare practice and education both in the UK and internationally. Recent research and policy initiatives have highlighted this issue. The paper highlights the significance of this topic as an aspect of study in its own right by examining not only the fiscal but also the human costs such events invite.&#13;
In the United Kingdom patient safety issues feature prominently in the (Department of Health, 2000a. An organisation with a memory. The report of an expert group on learning from adverse events. The Stationery Office, London, Department of Health, 2000b. Handling complaints: monitoring the NHS complaints procedures (England, Financial year 1998–99). The Stationery Office, London.) policy documentation but this is not reflected within the formal curricula guidelines issued by the NMC and GMC. Yet if healthcare educational curricula were to recognise the value of learning from errors, such events could become part of a wider educational resource enabling both students and facilitators to prevent threats to patient safety. For this reason, the paper attempts to articulate why patient safety should be afforded greater prominence within medical and nursing curricula. We argue that learning how to manage errors effectively would enable trainee practitioners to improve patient care, reduce the burden on an overstretched health care system and engage in dynamic as opposed to defensive practice.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>02606917</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Patient safety: do nursing and medical curricula address this theme?</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Wakefield, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Attree, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Braidman, I</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Carlisle, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Johnson, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Cooke, H</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2005.09.010</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:57
Date: 2017-08-09

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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:57</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-08-09T04:38:41Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This article identifies that the introduction of the support worker role in the critical care team facilitates flexibility when organizing and managing patient care.&#13;
Qualified nurses' time can be used more effectively, enhancing the quality of the patient care delivered.&#13;
Aspects of the qualified nurses' workload in critical care can be shared and delegated successfully to unqualified staff.&#13;
It is our view that staffing levels in critical care environments need to be reviewed with more flexible working practices to meet the current and future demands of critical care.&#13;
There is a need for national consensus amongst qualified nurses to clarify and define the role of the support worker and develop a critical care competency framework to standardize training.&#13;
To ensure proficiency, adequate training and appropriate accountability, support workers require regulation by a nationally recognized body.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://usir.salford.ac.uk/57/1/Role%20and%20accountability%20of%20HCAs%20in%20ICU.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.journals.elsevier.com/intensive-and-critical-care-nursing/</dc:relation><dc:source>0964-3397</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>The role and accountability of senior health care support workers in intensive care units</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2004-02-20</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author>Johnson, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hulme, CT</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Long, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ormandy, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.iccn.2004.02.005</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:56
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:56</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:51:13Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Aims of the study. This paper examines the argument that certain qualitative research methods can be used in 'pure' forms. Whilst rigid adherence to particular published procedures might be possible, we argue that in many cases this is neither necessary nor more likely to increase the validity of the research outcome.&#13;
Methodological purity. In examining the works of well-known claimants to particular research approaches such as grounded theory and phenomenology we show that purity of method is uncommon. In particular it is possible to demonstrate that all published qualitative methods are subject to their own underlying relativist philosophy. The implication of this is that all are social constructions and that their execution will necessarily be negotiated in time and context.&#13;
Conclusion. We conclude that analysis of varied examples of qualitative research shows methods to be more flexible than is often admitted. What we describe as 'British Pluralism' is an attempt to accept this reality whilst maintaining rigour through integrity, clear accounts, reflexivity and constructive critique of one's own work and that of others.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.ingentaconnect.com</dc:relation><dc:source>03092402</dc:source><dc:subject>H1</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Arguments for 'British Pluralism' in qualitative health research</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Johnson, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Long, T</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>White, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2001.01659.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:55
Date: 2015-11-30

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RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:55</identifier>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Developments in primary and intermediate care services have enhanced interest in the notion of care management, the processes that it encompasses and the challenges that it poses to practitioners who are more used to working in a uni- or multidisciplinary manner. This article explores the way that a set of practitioners, new to care management, coped with the challenges of working within a newly created care-managed assessment and rehabilitation service for older people in one UK county. Data were gathered via non-participant observation, and group and individual interviews, as part of a wider action-research evaluation study. Three themes emerged from the data: the processes of ‘learning’ to become a care manager; ‘doing’ care management; and ‘experiences’ of the role. In order to ‘learn’ care management, staff needed to develop a range of new skills, establish supportive care-management processes, develop a new identity and work in an interdisciplinary way. ‘Doing’ care management involved working with a small group of patients with complex needs and precarious levels of homeostasis. Problem solving and crisis management were key activities and often required a creative approach to practice. Although care managers derived great satisfaction from their role, their ‘experiences’ were characterized by stress and anxiety. The practitioners from healthcare backgrounds needed more preparation to adapt to their new levels of responsibility and client risk. Successful management of the transition to care manager requires support from the key stakeholders and strong leadership within care manager teams. In-house competency-based training and induction programmes, and mentorship, can also play an important role, together with innovative forms of postqualifying education and training, for example, via job exchanges or an apprenticeship model.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>14736853</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Learning and performing care management: experiences of a newly formed interdisciplinary, assessment and rehabilitation team</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Kneafsey, R</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Long, AF</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Reid, G</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hulme, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1473-6861.2004.00069.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:54
Date: 2015-11-30

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RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This article identifies that the introduction of the support worker role in the critical care team facilitates flexibility when organizing and managing patient care. &#13;
Qualified nurses' time can be used more effectively, enhancing the quality of the patient care delivered.&#13;
Aspects of the qualified nurses' workload in critical care can be shared and delegated successfully to unqualified staff.&#13;
It is our view that staffing levels in critical care environments need to be reviewed with more flexible working practices to meet the current and future demands of critical care.&#13;
There is a need for national consensus amongst qualified nurses to clarify and define the role of the support worker and develop a critical care competency framework to standardize training.&#13;
To ensure proficiency, adequate training and appropriate accountability, support workers require regulation by a nationally recognized body.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>13621017</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>The role of the senior health care worker in critical care</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Ormandy, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Long, AF</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hulme, CT</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Johnson, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1362-1017.2004.00070.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:53
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:53</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:49:55Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>INTRODUCTION: Economic evaluation, linking the costs and consequences of an intervention to indicate the potential benefits of alternative interventions, is becoming established as one of the core tools for decision making in health care. As knowledge of the safety and effectiveness of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) interventions increases, economic evaluation within CAM has a heightened significance. OBJECTIVE: To explore whether the present framework for economic evaluation fits CAM and what modifications if any are needed for its application. Design: Systematic review. METHODS: A comprehensive search of four databases was undertaken (NHS Economic Evaluation Database, AMED, MEDLINE, CINAHL). Studies were included if they took the form of a comparative analysis of costs and consequences of a CAM treatment and were written in English. Each study was reviewed using a set of methodological questions to judge their quality as economic evaluations. RESULTS: A total of 19 studies were identified, of which 9 were cost-effectiveness studies, 7 cost-consequence studies, 2 cost-minimization studies, and 1 cost-benefit analysis. Seventeen (17) of the studies involved CAM treatments being used alongside mainstream or conventional treatments. The majority of the treatments aimed to alleviate pain, including chronic pain, back pain, neck pain, and migraine. Only a small minority of studies addressed wider outcomes of particular relevance to CAM disciplines. Nine (9) adopted a service provider perspective only, 7 included wider sickness absence costs and 3 patient costs. Only 1 study included costs to relatives. The quality of the cost and benefit dimensions of the studies was mixed. CONCLUSIONS: A CAM sensitive approach to economic evaluation is required. This needs to include a focus on outcomes that explore the range of effects of CAM treatment, an exploration of the client's perspective and not just that of the service provider and study designs that facilitate the individualized practitioner approach so central to CAM treatment.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Mary Ann Liebert Inc</dc:publisher><dc:source>10755535</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Square pegs and round holes? A review of economic evaluation in complementary and alternative medicine</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Hulme, CT</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Long, AF</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/acm.2005.11.179</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:52
Date: 2017-08-09

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RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The aim of the project is primarily to identify the evidence base for the current and future education and training requirements of the health and social care workforce to deliver integrated health and social care services in the North West of England.&#13;
&#13;
Seven North West Universities/Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) collaborated to achieve the Project objectives, bringing together for the first time, all the key partners in the Health, Social Care and Education sectors who are involved in supporting the delivery of integrated health and social care in the North West Region.&#13;
&#13;
Project outputs include: three project reports, a systematic review of the literature report, two project summaries, three toolkit reports, two benchmarking toolkits, course finder report, event publications.&#13;
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A key output from the project is the PCET course finder tool, a prototype application that allows people who are interested in integrated health and social care to search for relevant educational courses across the North West of England.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://usir.salford.ac.uk/52/1/wp1__project_experience_report.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>University of Salford</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.ihscr.salford.ac.uk/projectitem?id=12</dc:relation><dc:subject>H1</dc:subject><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Shaping the future for primary care education and training project. Finding the evidence for education and training to deliver integrated health and social care: the project experience</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Holland, K</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:project funder_name="Northwest Regional Development Agency (NWDA)">Shaping the Future Project</rioxxterms:project><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:51
Date: 2015-11-30

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ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:50
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The objective was to gain an overview of researchers experiences of searching the literature, with particular reference to the use of optimal search strategies (OSSs) and searching for qualitative research studies. A 13-item semi-structured questionnaire investigating search behaviour was distributed to members of the Cochrane Qualitative Methods Network. Follow-up interviews were conducted with a subset of respondents to explore issues raised and clarify points of ambiguity. Findings were analysed using data reduction, data displays and verification techniques. Eighty-six per cent of distributed questionnaires were returned. All respondents reported searching electronic databases as part of their literature search, with 80% expressing a preference for searching alone or with colleagues. Forty-one per cent indicated that they consider a database search to be only one aspect of a comprehensive literature search. The rigour and availability of OSSs was a concern for 30% of respondents. Twenty-five per cent of respondents had searched for qualitative studies, although the difficulty of locating this type of literature was considered problematic because of the varied use of the term ‘qualitative’. Whilst the majority of respondents reported using OSSs in some capacity, reservations were expressed about their ability to facilitate a comprehensive search. Replies indicated a belief that OSSs can reduce the sensitivity of a search, and might limit the breadth of coverage required. A greater appreciation of the availability and purpose of OSSs—including the ability to optimize either sensitivity or recall—is needed if this enhanced approach to accurate data retrieval and potential improvement in time management is to become widespread.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>02656647</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>ZA</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>How does your searching grow? A survey of search preferences and the use of optimal search strategies in the identification of qualitative research</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Grant, MJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-1842.2004.00483.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:48
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:48</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:50:43Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>As the focus within clinical practice moves toward higher and specialist levels of practice, the difficulty of assessing such higher level skills become more of an issue for nurse educators. The paper outlines the application of the Judgmental Module of Assessment outlined by Hager and Butler (1996) to two multidisciplinary cohorts of students undertaking an MSc in pain management. It is contended that the epistemological assumptions inherent within this versatile model make it highly appropriate for the assessment of practical skills at Master degree level. The difficulties faced by the students in assimilating this model of assessment are outlined and the overall usefulness of this assessment approach is reflected upon. The place and timing of such an assessment technique is considered and focus of the model is evaluated within the framework of higher levels of practice across different health disciplines.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>14715953</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>An evaluation of a judgmental model of assessment for assessing clinical skills in MSc students</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Haigh, CA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1471-5953(02)00056-2</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:47
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:47</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:50:59Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Aims of the paper. The purpose of this paper is to review chaos theory and to examine the role that it may have in the discipline of nursing.&#13;
&#13;
Background. In this paper, the fundamental ingredients of chaotic thinking are outlined. The earlier days of chaos thinking were characterized by an almost exclusively physiological focus. By the 21st century, nurse theorists were applying its principles to the organization and evaluation of care delivery with varying levels of success. Whilst the biological use of chaos has focused on pragmatic approaches to knowledge enhancement, nursing has often focused on the mystical aspects of chaos as a concept.&#13;
&#13;
Conclusions. The contention that chaos theory has yet to find a niche within nursing theory and practice is examined. The application of chaotic thinking across nursing practice, nursing research and statistical modelling is reviewed. The use of chaos theory as a way of identifying the attractor state of specific systems is considered and the suggestion is made that it is within statistical modelling of services that chaos theory is most effective.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>03092402</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Using chaos theory: the implications for nursing</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Haigh, CA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2648.2002.02113.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:46
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:46</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:50:40Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between post-operative epidural analgesia and incidence of heel pressure sores. The study sample consisted of 53 men and women over the age of 20 years who had major abdominal surgery (mean age 69 years). The main outcome measure was the number of patients who developed any degree of heel sore in the post-operative period. Pressure sore risk assessments were completed by the general surgical nurses with grade of risk recorded. Twenty-one percent of patients in the study developed pressure changes on the skin of their heels; 5.7% developed changes of Grade 2 or worse. Only 10 patients (18.9%) were scored as being at high risk of pressure sores post-operatively. Fifteen (28.3%) patients had no pressure sore risk assessment carried out post-operatively. Ward staff failed to recognise that their patients had been placed at high risk by the use of epidural analgesia post-operatively.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>13660071</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>An analysis of epidural related pressure sores in a specific patient population</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Duncan, F</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Haigh, CA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bailey, SN</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1366-0071(03)00022-6</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:45
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:45</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:49:47Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Background: The aim of this prospective, pragmatic, double-blind, randomized controlled trial was to investigate the analgesic and adverse effects of two concentrations of thoracic epidural bupivacaine in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. Our primary aim was to reduce the incidence of hypotension resulting from effective epidural analgesia.&#13;
&#13;
Methods: We studied 100 patients who were randomized to receive either 0.0625% bupivacaine or 0.125% bupivacaine, both with diamorphine, via a thoracic epidural. Dynamic pain was measured using a verbal ranking score and visual analogue scores.&#13;
&#13;
Results: No statistically significant difference was found between infusion rates or dynamic pain scores. A significantly greater number of patients receiving 0.125% bupivacaine, 63% versus 39%, were hypotensive on the day of surgery (p = 0.027). Thereafter, the trend continues but was not statistically significant.&#13;
&#13;
Conclusion: We were able to demonstrate that the incidence of hypotension was reduced with 0.0625% bupivacaine without affecting the quality of pain relief. However the overall incidence of hypotension remained high which restricted early mobilisation in some patients. Hypotension may be unavoidable when epidurals effectively control postoperative pain.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>13660071</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>A prospective randomized pragmatic double-blinded comparison of 0.125% and 0.0625% bupivacaine for the management of pain after operation in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Duncan, F</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Cupitt, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Haigh, CA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Vernon, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Marshall, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Nield, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.acpain.2005.05.004</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:43
Date: 2017-08-08

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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:43</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-08-08T15:40:54Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>In response to the need to support diverse and complex information requirements, nursing has developed a number of different terminology systems. The two main kinds of systems that have emerged are enumerative systems and combinatorial systems, although some systems have characteristics of both approaches. Differences in the structure and content of terminology systems, while useful at a local level, prevent effective wider communication, information sharing, integration of record systems, and comparison of nursing elements of healthcare information at a more global level. Formal nursing terminology systems present an alternative approach. This paper describes a number of recent initiatives and explains how these emerging approaches may help to augment existing nursing terminology systems and overcome their limitations through mediation. The development of formal nursing terminology systems is not an end in itself and there remains a great deal of work to be done before success can be claimed. This paper presents an overview of the key issues outstanding and provides recommendations for a way forward.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://usir.salford.ac.uk/43/2/Hardiker_1.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>15320464</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Formal nursing terminology systems: a means to an end</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Hardiker, NR</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bakken, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Casey, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hoy, D</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1532-0464(03)00002-9</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:42
Date: 2017-08-09

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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:42</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-08-09T02:21:07Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Objectives: Several researchers have proposed the use of logical ontologies as reference terminologies'. However, there are a number of unresolved issues. This article describes the development of a logical ontology for nursing interventions and presents the results of evaluation. Methods: Initially this study involved the development in GRAIL of two separate experimental ontologies: an ontology based on the textual content of informal definitions for nursing interventions drown from the Nursing interventions Classification; and an ontology based On labels for the some nursing interventions. Following initial bench-testing, the ontology based on labels was selected for extension (to accommodate also nursing intervention components of the Home Health Care Classification System and the Omaha System), for further testing and for external evaluation. Results: A hierarchy of nursing interventions generated automatically from the experimental antolagy based on informal definitions cantained only 3 hierarchical relationships, compared to 214 for the initial ontology based on labels. For the final extended ontology based on labels, the generated hierarchy contained the three source terminology systems in entirety - there were a total of 2861 hierarchical relationships. While the results of comporative bench testing of the final ontology were fovourable, the results of external evaluation were mixed and showed little agreement between reviewers. Conclusion: This study suggests that while a logical ontology based on labels might be a useful tool for mediating between nursing intervention terminology systems, a formative consensus type development methodology might improve the approach by helping to harmonise ideological differences that may exist across the nursing profession.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://usir.salford.ac.uk/42/2/mim_2003-42-3_286.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Schattauer</dc:publisher><dc:source>00261270</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>ZA</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Logical ontology for mediating between nursing intervention terminology systems</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Hardiker, NR</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:41
Date: 2017-08-10

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>There is evidence that nurses have been involved in, or have been affected by health- related computer projects since the mid-1960's. Since those early years nurses have  made many significant contributions to the wider bio-health informatics agenda. This article reflects on the evolution of Nursing Informatics, from attempts to define the discipline, through the development of support systems, to the current state-of-the-science  for one particular and important field of study, namely clinical terminologies. The article concludes with a call for increased professionalisation of Nursing Informatics.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://usir.salford.ac.uk/41/2/Hardiker_3.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Korean Society of Medical Informatics</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.kosmi.org/main.html</dc:relation><dc:source>12258903</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Nursing informatics: a personal review of the past, the present and the future</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Hardiker, NR</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hyeoun-Ae, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:40
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>AIM: The aim of this paper is to report a study conducted to explore the meanings of the lived experiences that Chinese family caregivers in Malaysia ascribed to the care they provided to relatives with severe and persistent mental illness. &#13;
BACKGROUND: In the past, many researchers have used quantitative approaches to explore the experiences of family caregivers of relatives with severe and persistent mental illness. However, the results of these studies have been far from conclusive because of serious methodological flaws. In addition, a large majority of these studies were conducted in western cultures, and it has been difficult to transfer the results to family caregivers in oriental cultures. &#13;
METHOD: The philosophy of Martin Heidegger underpinned the study. Qualitative data were collected mainly through in-depth interviews with 19 criterion-selected Chinese family caregivers of relatives with severe and persistent mental illness in 2002. &#13;
FINDINGS: We present the emergent themes reflecting the meaning structures of managing, enduring, and surviving the day-to-day experiences of the Chinese family caregivers. The impact of the stigma of the relatives' mental illness on family caregivers and families is pervasive and strong. As a result, family caregivers tried to avoid talking about their relative's mental illness with extended family or friends in order to protect their families from 'losing face'. In addition, most family caregivers believed that adopting positive behaviours and attitudes helped them cope with caregiving. &#13;
CONCLUSION: Mental health nurses need to help Chinese family caregivers to cope with the stresses and stigmas of their relatives' mental illnesses through psychosocial education or family intervention, and to provide them with culturally-congruent care. They should also educate the public about mental health and ill health through health promotion and education.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>03092402</dc:source><dc:subject>RA790</dc:subject><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>HQ503</dc:subject><dc:subject>RA</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>The lived-experiences of family caregivers of mentally ill relatives</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Horrocks, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Chang, KH</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2006.03732.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:39
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:39</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:50:55Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Aims: To explain the difficult Heideggerian concept of the ontological difference and then use it as a context to explain the misperceptions of Benner and Wrubel's reply to Edwards' criticism of the differences between ontological and intentional care.&#13;
&#13;
Background: Edwards' paper attempts to clarify what Benner and Wrubel actually mean by the category of ontological care. The latter's reply totally bypasses Edwards' criticisms because they have a misunderstanding of Heidegger's philosophy, which they use to support their arguments.&#13;
&#13;
Conclusion: Benner and Wrubel's claims that they are using Heidegger to underpin their arguments is wrong. This has the consequence that their category of ontological caring comes tumbling down and their philosophy is not as radical as they think it is.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>03092402</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Edwards, Benner and Wrubel on caring</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Horrocks, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2648.2002.02338.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:38
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>In their criticism of my paper (Horrocks, 2002) Benner and Wrubel (hereafter B&amp;W) argue that I add 'new misinterpretations of Heidegger that render his paper incoherent' (Benner &amp; Wrubel, 2002, p. 45). I am going to argue that their interpretation does not follow what Heidegger himself says, and also it does not follow the interpretation of several highly regarded Heideggerian scholars. The only interpretation it does match is that of Dreyfus (1991). But using Dreyfus's interpretation has some very important consequences for B&amp;W, and this is that beneath our arguments about the existential vs. the existentiell and the ontological vs. the ontical, etc., there are some deeper differences lurking as regards Heidegger's overall position. The most important concern being how fundamental is the ontological vs. ontical understanding (the ontological difference) in Heidegger's work. I am not entirely convinced that B&amp;W are aware of this in their use of the Dreyfus interpretation. The consequence for them if Dreyfus's interpretation is wrong or very weak is that the philosophy they use to make their nursing theories unique will not be as revolutionary as nurses think. But before we examine this issue we must turn to particular criticisms about my paper by B&amp;W, and their interpretation of Heidegger.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>14667681</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Saving Heidegger from Benner and Wrubel</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Horrocks, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-769X.2004.00172.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:37
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This review critically explores the development, impact and evaluation of exercise referral schemes (ERS) in the UK. A rapid expansion in the use of such ERSs has been recorded throughout leisure and primary care settings, but the evidence underpinning their implementation has been sparse and predominantly limited to randomized control trial (RCT) research design. Consequently, understanding of exercise referral as a `real world' intervention has been limited. Considering the increasing importance being placed on evidence-based practice and clinical effectiveness, it is no longer sufficient for service providers of exercise referral to ignore the need to evaluate schemes. The guidelines on evaluation provided by the National Quality Assurance Framework for Exercise Referral are limited, hence practitioners are often unsure of the best measures to use when assessing effectiveness. Predominantly, exercise professionals focus on the collection of physiological data but tend to ignore relevant psychological and environmental parameters. Also, few UK studies have followed participants up in the long term, to see if physical activity behaviour is sustained over time. Here, evidence from two on-going, large-scale ( n  = 1600/annum) evaluation studies of exercise referral schemes, based in urban localities in the northwest of England, are described. A participatory action research framework for evaluation was utilized and incorporated multi-method research approaches for the assessment of both ERS participants and health professionals involved in intervention delivery. This framework is an appropriate methodology for the evaluation and development of complex interventions, and here incorporates case study, focus groups, interviews and survey questionnaires. Included was a 12-month tracking study of a cohort of exercise referral participants ( n  = 342), which measured leisure-time physical activity levels (Godin leisure time score), at baseline (entry to exercise referral) and at 3 monthly intervals thereafter. Adherence to the ERS was approximately 35–45%, with the older participants more likely to complete. Physiological changes during the ERS, although statistically significant, were not of a magnitude to convey any real health benefit to an individual's health status. Although small in scale, physiological changes were all in a positive direction (e.g. reduction in blood pressure) and, if maintained over time, could bring about population-level benefits in health. Participants referred from cardiac and practice nurses had higher levels of adherence than participants referred by general practitioners. Scheme B showed that the participants who adhered ( n  = 103) until the end of the ERS (12 weeks) were able to sustain a small increase in physical activity at the end of 12 months (increase of 21 min moderate activity/week compared with baseline). In conclusion, this research shows that the process of exercise referral benefits certain segments of the population, but not necessarily all.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Routledge Taylor &amp; Francis</dc:publisher><dc:source>00140139</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RA0421</dc:subject><dc:subject>GV0557</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Exercise referral: the public health panacea for physical activity promotion? A critical perspective of exercise referral schemes; their development and evaluation</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Dugdill, L</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Graham, RC</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>McNair, F</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140130500101544</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:36
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The number of exercise referral schemes expanded rapidly across the UK during the 1990s. Health professionals are thought to be one of the most credible sources of health advice for patients and, hence, are thought to have a pivotal role to play in exercise referral schemes. The aim of the study was to investigate the exercise referral process from the health professional's perspective, specifically examining perceived barriers to referral, priority given to an exercise referral scheme in day-to-day consultations, perceived importance of their role in the process and referring practices. Quantitative and qualitative research methods were utilized with 49% (n = 71) of general practitioners and practice nurses (collectively referred to as health professionals throughout), in a large North West borough (population size approximately 287 000) responding to a postal survey and 11 health professionals (general practitioners n = 9 and practice nurses n = 2) volunteering to take part in a semi-structured interview. Barriers to the referral of patients included lack of time, lack of feedback regarding the patients referred. medico-legal responsibility, a feeling that patients may not take exercise advice given and the belief that physical activity promotion is not a priority during routine consultations. Health professionals refer individuals to an exercise referral scheme on an unsystematic basis and express mixed opinions regarding their perceived role in patient physical activity behaviour change. This study calls for closer partnership working, involving training for promoting physical activity in general practice. Also, greater feedback with regard to patient benefits is needed, in order to overcome some of the practical and perceived barriers for health professionals when referring patients to an exercise referral scheme.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Routledge Taylor &amp; Francis</dc:publisher><dc:source>00140139</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RA0421</dc:subject><dc:subject>GV0557</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Health professionals' perspectives in exercise referral process: implications for the referral process</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Graham, RC</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dugdill, L</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Cable, NT</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140130500101064</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:35
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>A cohort study was designed to explore over 200 primary schoolchildren's  (ages 4–7) perspectives on smoking in the context of their own lives and subsequently, to assess any changes in these perspectives over time. Results showed that, in general, the children had a negative disposition about the habit, which did   not dissipate over the 3-year study period. They had a fairly substantive understanding of smoking, in particular of the consequences to health, which increased in breadth and depth over time and they acknowledged the central role that the family played within the 'culture' of smoking. Such results have implications for the development of effective school-based smoking prevention strategies.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>SAGE Publications</dc:publisher><dc:source>09075682</dc:source><dc:subject>HQ767</dc:subject><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RA0421</dc:subject><dc:subject>RJ101</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>A longitudinal study exploring Liverpool primary schoolchildren's perspectives on smoking</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Porcellato, L</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dugdill, L</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Springett, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0907568205058601</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:34
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The public sector is facing an impending shortage of staff, because young people no longer want to work in it and nearly a third of its workforce is over 50 years of age. Staff working within the public sector report that stress is the biggest single factor affecting their decision to leave. This research note reports the findings of a recent study carried out in two social service departments in the north-west of England. The primary aim of the research was to explore work-related stress, using a ‘problem diagnosis tool’ to understand the stressors experienced by social services staff, and to inform the development of interventions aimed at reducing and/or eliminating them. This study used in-depth interviewing to develop a questionnaire incorporating a variety of measures to assess potential stressors and mental well-being. The questionnaire response rate was 33 per cent (n = 1234) and the results demonstrated statistically significant differences between staffing grades. Staff working with children and families reported the highest levels of absenteeism, poorest well-being, and highest level of organizational constraints. Job satisfaction was low compared with established norms for various occupational groups. This grounded research baseline is a crucial step to inform specifically designed and targeted interventions, which can be effectively evaluated from this baseline position.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Oxford University Press</dc:publisher><dc:source>00453102</dc:source><dc:subject>RA790</dc:subject><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>HD4801</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Stress in social services: mental wellbeing, constraints and job satisfaction</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Coffey, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dugdill, L</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Tattersall, AL</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bjsw/bch088</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:33
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Summary: This article presents the findings of a small-scale preliminary survey of one cohort of students studying towards a Diploma/BSc in Nursing. The survey sought to establish student characteristics and indicate their confidence levels using identified key library facilities. From questionnaires (N = 64), the data confirmed the `typicality' of the student group illuminating a breadth of prior experiences in terms of students' prior learning and perceived confidence in using library resources. Whilst a number of respondents indicated confidence using identified library resources, a significant number of students (typically over one third n = 14+) indicated that they lacked confidence in and did not utilise library facilities. This suggests that they may not be using the resources to full advantage. Over half of the respondents (53% n = 23) had not attended library skills training within the last two years and 9% (n = 4) had not used the library although they were completing assignments. This survey points to gaps in student confidence, and by implication, use of key library skills, particularly those involving electronic resources. At a time of widening participation and the explosion of information technology, this survey is a timely reminder of the need to revisit key skill development for nursing students studying in higher education.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>14715953</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>Z665</dc:subject><dc:subject>LB2300</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Establishing library 'key skill' confidence levels amongst a cohort of nursing students at an English university</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Franks, H</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>McAlonan, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2006.08.001</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:32
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:50:57Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This paper reports on an exploratory study undertaken in New South Wales, Australia which sought to identify the positions nurses go on to when they leave nursing and the skills and experience they gained from nursing which they believe enabled them to obtain employment outside the profession. In addition, the reasons why they left nursing were also ascertained. A network sampling technique was used to recruit 17 participants. A tape-recorded semi-structured interview of approximately 1h was conducted with each participant. Interviews were conducted until no new information emerged (14) and the remaining three interviews were used for validation. While many participants were employed in health-related fields, others were in diverse areas such as business, landscape coordination and market research, to name a few. All participants reported positively on the range of skills they had acquired as a nurse. Reasons provided for leaving the nursing workforce included reaching a ceiling in nursing or wishing to develop themselves in another direction. Respondents had also undertaken a wide range of additional qualifications.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>00207489</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Career paths beyond nursing and the contribution of nursing experience and skills in attaining these positions</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Duffield, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Franks, H</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0020-7489(01)00062-1</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:31
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:31</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:51:10Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Aims: To determine a demographic profile, employment history and career plans of a sample of nursing unit managers (first-line managers) in New South Wales (NSW), Australia in 1999. To compare the profile of first-line nurse managers in 1999 with those in 1989.&#13;
&#13;
Background: This study replicates another undertaken a decade earlier (see Duffield 1992). Tracking the changes to nurse manager positions is important, given changes to the educational preparation of nurses and restructuring within hospitals which have occurred in the past decade.&#13;
&#13;
Method: The same questionnaire was used in both studies, with minor amendments and the addition of two items to reflect changes to organizational structures, whereby nurse managers are now responsible for non-nursing staff. In 1999 all first-line nurse managers in the largest health service in NSW were invited to participate in the study.&#13;
&#13;
Results: A response rate of 77% was achieved. There were few differences of note in the demographic profile from 1989 to 1999. However educationally, first-line nurse managers in 1999 were more highly qualified. A greater proportion had higher degrees and increasingly, in the management discipline.&#13;
&#13;
Conclusion: Perhaps reflecting these qualifications, more managers in 1999 indicated their intention to move to more senior management positions in the next decade. The mode for experience in this role of 1 year in both 1989 and 1999 reflects a worrying trend of high turnover and inexperience amongst this group of managers. While maternity relief might account for this result, further research needs to determine more precise reasons. The ad hoc bases on which expert clinicians (clinical nurse specialists) act as the manager in his/her absence need to be critically examined. Alternative strategies such as introducing a formal second- in-charge position may ensure more successful recruitment and retention of staff to these critical management positions.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>03092402</dc:source><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Profile of first-line nurse managers in New South Wales, Australia, in the 1990s</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Duffield, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Moran, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Beutel, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bunt, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Thornton, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Wills, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Cahill, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Franks, H</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2648.2001.02036.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:30
Date: 2015-11-30

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ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:29
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The purpose of the paper was to compare the demographic details, educational qualifications, professional support and career guidance experiences of two groups of health managers as reported in previous research. One group comprised nurse managers (Duffield et al 2001) and the other comprised senior health administrators (Harris, Maddern &amp; Pegg 1998). Employment and education data from self-administered questionnaires were compared. Nurse managers were predominantly female (88%), while the administrators were 50% female. The nurse managers, although with a relatively equal rate of managerial qualifications as their health service counterparts, had not attained as many senior positions in health care administration. Over half had not had a mentor. Nurse managers have skills attained through their academic studies and experience that cause them to be as capable as (if not in some cases better than) health service administrators. Increased use of mentoring may provide opportunities for professional advancement in wider administrative areas.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Australian Healthcare Association</dc:publisher><dc:source>01565788</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Qualifications and experience: how well prepared are nurse managers compared to health service executives?</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Duffield, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Franks, H</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:28
Date: 2017-08-10

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ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:27
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>In this article, the author focuses on the researcher in research. Challenged by the theory and criticism of self-indulgence, the author has, as the researcher, come out through reflection and self-scrutiny to address some of the dilemmas the research process has held for her. Dilemmas concerning interviewing women from Pakistan using interpreters have been covered previously. The dilemmas discussed in this article concern the position of the researcher and honesty, the criticism of Western dominance, and how the research process has changed the author.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>SAGE Publications</dc:publisher><dc:source>10497323</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Dilemmas of self in the method</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Chesney, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/104973201129118876</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:25
Date: 2017-08-09

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&#13;
Method: The design was ethnographic (Denzin, 1978) with an anthropological slant. Participant observation was undertaken in a maternity hospital in Pakistan and an over-50s luncheon club in the UK. Following two focus groups, in-depth interviews were undertaken with 16 women. Data were collected from observation, experience gained during nine field trips to Pakistan and the use of a reflective research diary.&#13;
&#13;
Findings/results: The main theme that emerged was the importance of the Dai (untrained traditional birth attendant) in women's accounts of their experiences. This theme included her influence on the women's birth experience and her work in the context of relatives and other health professionals. Other sub-themes not covered in this paper were boy preference, the omnipresent medical model, birth systems, the powerful symbolism of blood, purity shame and honour, and specifically from the women interviewed in the UK – coming to England and modernisation.&#13;
&#13;
Implications: The Dai was considered essential for the birth and currently 80% of all rural births are attended by Dai. However the medical professionals and policy-makers in Pakistan consider Dai practice to be dangerous and aim to establish systems for supervising and supporting skilled birth attendants, including the development of emergency referral services and a community midwife programme. Further research on women's experiences of birth in the home and hospital in Pakistan are necessary to inform government policy.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://usir.salford.ac.uk/25/1/EBMjuly05_26-32.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Royal College of Midwives</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.rcm.org.uk/magazines/ebm/</dc:relation><dc:source>14794489</dc:source><dc:subject>HQ</dc:subject><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Women's birth experiences in Pakistan:  the importance of the Dai</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Chesney, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Davies, SE</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:24
Date: 2015-11-30

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ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:23
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Many studies of research-based practice in nursing highlight factors that impede the development of practice. With the aim of adding to this body of knowledge, a modified grounded theory approach was used in order to understand more about these barriers and how individual nurses utilize research in their practice. A selective sample of five staff nurses from one acute inpatient psychiatric unit took part in semi-structured interviews. Three main themes were identified, each with two sub-themes. These were (a) activities to utilize research with (i) a 'systematic' model and (ii) a 'latent' model of research utilization (b) enhancing research utilization with (i) organizational culture and (ii) individual attitude and knowledge and (c) impeding research utilization with (i) resources (ii) resistance to change. It is suggested that for these nurses research utilization occurs through their individual knowledge, skill and motivation coupled with organizational commitment. Recommendation is made that further investigation of the 'systematic' and 'latent' models should be carried out. Additionally, it is suggested that these research findings might be used to inform future training, further research-based initiatives and to raise managerial awareness of the impeding factors of research utilization.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Mark Allen Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>09660461</dc:source><dc:subject>RA790</dc:subject><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Research-based care on an acute inpatient psychiatric unit</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bartholomew, D</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Collier, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:22
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Complaints of insomnia among psychiatric inpatients are high. Many technical studies about insomnia are available in the literature, but few make reference to individual experience. This study examines the subjective experience of insomnia for psychiatric patients in one mental health unit. A random purposive sample of seven subjects was selected from the population of patients complaining of insomnia. Subjective experience was examined using a tape-recorded semistructured interview. The data were analysed using Burnard's content analysis framework. Ten categories were identified: control, wants and desires, holistic, assessment, individualisms, beliefs, conflict, communication, resignation and sleep signatures. Biographical data, and data from clinical notes about sleep were also collected. Results show that the impact of insomnia should not be underestimated and that attention to this aspect of a patient's experience could have a general effect on their mental health and well-being.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>13510126</dc:source><dc:subject>RA790</dc:subject><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>A study on the experience of insomnia in a psychiatric inpatient population</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Collier, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Skitt, G</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Cutts, H</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2850.2003.00654.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:21
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:49:53Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The assumption, that appears to be a common one, that old age mental health is only about dementia perpetuates the invisibility of those with other severe and enduring mental illness such as psychosis, schizophrenia, anxiety disorders, alcohol and drug misuse and so on. It is clear that clinical depression is in fact the most common mental disorder for older people (Burns et al 2002, Woodrow 2002). In policy and practice there is a strong focus on recognising new cases, and the needs of the older adult with established functional mental disorder is largely being ignored. Statistics on common mental disorder for the over 85s cannot be found despite the abundance of statistics available. The needs of older people with functional mental disorder are being marginalised by both: a) the assumption that people over 65 are one cohort of people; and b) by the inclusion within policy and practice documents as part of a generic group, where being an older person is assumed to be a priority rather than mental disorder being a person's primary need.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>RCN Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>14658720</dc:source><dc:subject>RA790</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Latent age discrimination in mental health care</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Collier, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:20
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This paper outlines the findings and discussion of a qualitative research study that focused on the experiences of seven qualified nurses working in three Accident and Emergency (A&amp;E) departments in the North West of England. It was exploratory in nature, aiming to describe and explain the nurses' encounters with adolescents accessing emergency contraception (EC) in A&amp;E. The study was carried out using a feminist methodology and a grounded theory method. The findings indicated that accident and emergency is a contradictory location for access to EC for adolescents, where the 'promise' of easy, confidential access contrasts sharply with the nurse's description of reality. The nurse's role is similarly contrasting, where their ideal is counter balanced by organisational limits, and is further shaped by both personal and professional guiding philosophies. The nurse's perceptions of the adolescents revealed the contradiction of both sympathetic and judgmental attitudes towards them, including an 'interpretation' of the reasons the adolescents gave for their attendance. These encounters led to a series of health, legal, and moral dilemmas for the nurses, and a strategy of referral of the adolescents to other agencies was used by them whenever possible.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>09652302</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Adolescents accessing emergency contraception in the A&amp;E department: a feminist analysis of the nursing experience</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Fallon, D</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0965-2302(02)00209-6</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:19
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Recent moves in parts of UK to provide opportunities for 'over the counter' purchasing at pharmacies, has meant that access to emergency oral hormonal contraception for adolescents is undergoing something of a revolution. The provision of emergency contraception (EC) to adolescents in Accident and Emergency (A and E) departments, however, is nothing new and is now an established component of the current government objective to reduce teenage pregnancy rates in this country. The tensions apparent in A and E departments related to the provision of EC, particularly to adolescents, have recently been recognized, but little attention has been paid to analysing the reasons why such tensions might exist. This article is based on a literature review carried out as part of a study of nurses' encounters with adolescents accessing EC in A and E departments in the North-west of England. It is a reappraisal of the salient issues in this arena from a feminist perspective, aiming to provide an alternative with which to view the encounter between adolescents and service providers in A and E.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>09621067</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>HQ1101</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Adolescent access to emergency contraception in A and E departments: reviewing the literature from a feminist perspective</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Fallon, D</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2702.2003.00687.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:18
Date: 2015-11-30

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:18</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:49:27Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Critical discourse analysis (CDA) has been evident in disciplines such as sociology and cultural studies for many years, and is of increasing interest to nurse scholars internationally. This paper outlines what CDA is and how it might be used as an approach to analysing any health text, using an example from the UK — the teenage pregnancy strategy. Discourses and linguistic techniques used within this document are discussed, together with the potential impact they may have, both on health professionals as readers, and on pregnant teenagers as targets of the strategy. Teenage pregnancy itself is an international concern, prompting different responses from the various governing bodies. When approaches to a health matter are so diverse across the developing world, it is useful to consider how policy analysis using CDA can advance our understanding of the positions taken up by the authors of the policies that might not otherwise be made explicit.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>13207881</dc:source><dc:subject>HQ767</dc:subject><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>P1</dc:subject><dc:subject>HM</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>mem_text_and_place</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>To 'raise dream and ambition': the rhetorical analysis of a teenage pregnancy strategy</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Fallon, D</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1800.2006.00328.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:17
Date: 2015-11-30

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:17</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:50:39Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Objectives: This project aimed to review the concepts and utility of screening for the risk of long-term incapacity associated with the common, relatively minor, health complaints associated with receipt of social security benefits (predominantly musculoskeletal disorders, mental health problems, and cardio-respiratory symptoms).&#13;
&#13;
Methods: A systematic electronic literature search yielded existing reviews concerning clinical and psychosocial data. Alternative search strategies were required to obtain unindexed reports of large individual studies based on socio-demographic and administrative data. From some 1000 retrieved titles, 28 reviews and 31 individual studies met the selection criteria, and provided the material for a structured review.&#13;
&#13;
Results: The findings show there is strong evidence that both socio-demographic and clinical psychosocial data contain strong predictors for long-term incapacity, yet they do not combine into a simple, robust, and universal screening tool. Whilst screening is possible and potentially valuable, its utility is strongly dependent on timing and purpose. Socio-demographic data can be strong predictors at an early stage, but may be immutable. Psychosocial predictors are effective somewhat later, yet have the advantage of being suitable for guiding rehabilitation strategies.&#13;
&#13;
Conclusions: There is a practical window for screening for long-term incapacity that extends between about one and six months. Socio-demographic and clinical data are interrelated, and their utility may vary over time; both may be combined into a logical and practical sequence in the screening process.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>American Board of Independent Medical Examiners</dc:publisher><dc:source>Disability Medicine</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Screening to identify people at risk of long-term incapacity: a conceptual and scientific review</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Burton, AK</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Waddell, G</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bartys, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Main, CJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:16
Date: 2015-11-30

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:16</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:49:16Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Background: Occupational health guidelines recommend a biopsychosocial approach to manage sickness absence due to musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), with a primary focus on early intervention through provision of a supportive network.&#13;
&#13;
Aims: To investigate the implementation of a guidelines-based intervention (early contact of absentees; addressing psychosocial obstacles; offering temporary modified work; communicating among the players), and to determine whether this is effective for reducing return-to-work times and duration of future absence.&#13;
&#13;
Methods: A non-randomized controlled trial was conducted within a UK company. Occupational health nurses at two experimental sites (1435 workers) were trained to deliver the intervention to workers taking absence due to MSDs (low back and upper limb disorders), while usual care was delivered at three control sites (1483 workers). Company-recorded absence data were collected over a 12-month follow-up period.&#13;
&#13;
Results: The implementation of the experimental intervention was impeded by unforeseen organizational obstacles at one site (policies, procedures and individual approaches) which had a detrimental effect on uptake and delivery. At the site where the intervention was delivered per protocol, absence was significantly less compared with controls; 6.5 and 10.8 days, respectively. However, the duration of future absence was not significantly different (13.0 and 25.1 days, respectively).&#13;
&#13;
Conclusions: An early intervention addressing psychosocial obstacles to recovery can be effective for reducing absence due to MSDs. Successful implementation, where the key players are onside and organizational obstacles are overcome, is difficult to achieve.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Oxford University Press</dc:publisher><dc:source>09627480</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>The implementation of occupational health guidelines principles for reducing sickness absence due to musculoskeletal disorders</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>McCluskey, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Burton, AK</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Main, CJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kql003</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:15
Date: 2015-11-30

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:15</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:49:46Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Objectives: There is considerable evidence documenting the association between psychosocial risk factors and work disability due to musculoskeletal disorders, and this has prompted suggestions that psychosocial screening should be administered in the workplace in order to identify individuals at risk of prolonged absence. However, the predictive value of psychosocial risk factors on return-to-work is largely unknown. The present study aimed to explore the predictive relationship between psychosocial risk factors and absence due to musculoskeletal disorders of the lower back and upper limbs.&#13;
&#13;
Methods: A prospective study of 4637 workers from a large, multi-site company in the UK was conducted in which a wide range of established questionnaires were used to collect baseline psychosocial data. Respondents were then followed over the ensuing 15 months, and absence due to musculoskeletal disorders was recorded.&#13;
&#13;
Results: 219 workers took absence due to musculoskeletal disorders. Detrimental cut-off scores (risks) on the psychosocial instruments were established, and it was found that work-related psychosocial risk factors predicted the likelihood of a future spell of absence (odds ratios ranging between 1.6 and 3.2), but not the duration of that absence.&#13;
&#13;
Conclusions: Although work-related psychosocial factors were associated with the occurrence of absence due to musculoskeletal disorders, these findings do not lend support to the use of routine occupational psychosocial screening in order to predict prolonged absence.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Oxford University Press</dc:publisher><dc:source>09627480</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>A prospective study of psychosocial risk factors and absence due to musculoskeletal disorders: implications for occupational screening</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bartys, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Burton, K</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Main, CJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqi052</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:14
Date: 2015-11-30

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:14</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:49:54Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7374617475733D707562</setSpec>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D7375626A65637473:52:5231</setSpec>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D7375626A65637473:52:5241:524130343231</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Background: Screening for cardiovascular disease is an important primary preventive measure, yet research has documented that not all population groups receive the same quality of preventive healthcare.&#13;
&#13;
Design: Longitudinal analysis of cardiovascular disease risk factor recording.&#13;
&#13;
Methods: Data were made available from a local population-based screening programme for cardiovascular disease (1989-1999), whereby residents aged 35-60 years were invited for screening every 5 years (n=84 646). Data were recorded for major risk factors including blood pressure, cholesterol, body mass index, smoking status, and alcohol consumption. Completeness of risk factor recording was compared between groups in the screened population defined by gender, ethnicity (Caucasian/South Asian) and employment status (employed/unemployed).&#13;
&#13;
Results: Recording of risk in the screened population was significantly less complete for women and South Asian participants over the duration of the screening programme, compared with men and Caucasian participants respectively. Conversely, recording of risk was significantly more complete for the unemployed compared with the employed participants.&#13;
&#13;
Conclusions: These findings present evidence of a less systematic screening procedure for women and South Asians, whilst it seems that men, Caucasian participants and the unemployed were appropriately screened. Inequalities at the primary preventive level will likely influence outcome, because equitable identification of risk is important for the provision of successful treatment measures, and to reduce inequalities in morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular disease.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Lippincott, Williams &amp; Wilkins</dc:publisher><dc:source>17418267</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RA0421</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Inequity in recording of risk  in a local population-based screening programme  for cardiovascular disease</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bartys, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Baker, DJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Lewis, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Middleton, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00149831-200502000-00010</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:13
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:50:25Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>'Counselling older people: a systematic scoping review' contains a compilation and appraisal of evidence from a range of scientific studies presenting a comprehensive overview of the effectiveness of counselling with older people across a range of settings. As the latest summary of evidence in its field, it provides a convenient access point to a wide body of research. This unique publication is highly accessible reference text, which contains robust findings and evidence. It will stimulate and support thinking and further research for practitioners, administrators and others working in the field of mental health for older people.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.bacp.co.uk/</dc:relation><dc:source>190511401X</dc:source><dc:subject>RA790</dc:subject><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:subject>HM</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Counselling older people: a systematic scoping review</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Brettle, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hill, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:12
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:12</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:51:11Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7374617475733D707562</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Objective: The research sought to examine the overlap in coverage between several health-related databases, thus enabling the identification of the most important sources for searching for information on the rehabilitation of people with severe mental illness. Methods: The literature was searched within a systematic review. Several health-related databases were retrieved (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, PsycLIT, Sociofile, and Social Science Citation Index), noting their source and comparing results retrieved from each database. Findings: The total number of studies retrieved from each database varied. Almost a third of the papers retrieved from each database were unique to that source. Forty-two percent of the papers were only found in one database. Restricting a search to one database alone would miss many papers and could affect the results of a systematic review. PsycLIT was the most useful database for this topic area, containing 44% of the papers. MEDLINE, the database of first choice for many health professionals, held only 29%. Conclusions: No database was determined to be significantly more useful than any other - each warranted inclusion in the study. Reliance cannot be placed on one database alone, and other methods such as hand searching should also be used. Although this may not be new information for information professionals, it is likely to be new for health professionals and researchers who are increasingly performing their own literature searches. Information professionals have an important role to play in conveying this message to those outside their profession.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Medical Library Association</dc:publisher><dc:source>00257338</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>ZA</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Comparison of bibliographic databases for information on the rehabilitation of people with severe mental illness</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Brettle, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Long, AF</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:11
Date: 2015-11-30

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:11</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:50:44Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7374617475733D707562</setSpec>
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      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D7375626A65637473:5A:5A41</setSpec>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D6865616C74685F616E645F77656C6C6265696E67</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The objectives of this study were to undertake a systematic review to determine the effectiveness of information skills training, to identify effective methods of training and to determine whether information skills training affects patient care. A systematic review, using an iterative approach to searching, was employed. Studies selected for inclusion in the review were critically appraised using a tool used in previous reviews. A tabular approach was used to provide a summary of each paper allowing synthesis of results. One thousand, three hundred and fifty-seven potentially relevant papers were located. On the basis of titles and abstracts, 41 potentially relevant studies were identified for potential inclusion. Further reading and application of the inclusion criteria left 24 studies for critical appraisal and inclusion in the review. Study designs included randomised controlled trials, cohort designs and qualitative studies. The majority of studies took place in US medical schools. Wide variations were found in course content and training methods. Eight studies used objective methods to test skills, two compared training methods and two examined the effects on patient care. There was limited evidence to show that training improves skills, insufficient evidence to determine the most effective methods of training and limited evidence to show that training improves patient care. Further research is needed in a number of areas.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>02656647</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>ZA</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Information skills training: a systematic review of the literature</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Brettle, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2532.20.s1.3.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:10
Date: 2015-11-30

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:10</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:48:48Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7374617475733D707562</setSpec>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D7375626A65637473:52:5231</setSpec>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D7375626A65637473:5A:5A363635</setSpec>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D6865616C74685F616E645F77656C6C6265696E67</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Objectives: To explore library staff and health professionals' views on the effectiveness of information skills training and librarian mediated searching as methods of providing information for patient care. This is the second article describing the Effective Methods of Providing InfoRmation for patIent Care (EMPIRIC) project. The first paper, in a previous issue of this journal (Brettle et al. The costs and effectiveness of information skills training and mediated searching: quantitative results for the EMPIRIC project. Health Information and Libraries Journal 2006, 23, 239-247) describes the quantitative results. Methods: A questionnaire survey to library staff and health professionals in the North West. Data was collected on perceptions of services, satisfaction and service usage. Statistical data were analysed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) and qualitative data using thematic analysis. Results: Both information skills training and mediated searches are perceived by library staff and health professionals to be effective. There is strong support for mediated searches carried out on behalf of the health professional and information skills training to enable them to carry out their own searches. The results provide insights into the effectiveness of the services and the factors that make them effective. Conclusions: Evidence and stakeholders views support the provision of both information skills training and mediated search services. Both services are valued by users who see them as complementary methods of obtaining information depending on their needs at different times.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>02656647</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>Z665</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Effectiveness of information skills training and mediated searching: qualitative results from the EMPIRIC project</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Brettle, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hulme, CT</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ormandy, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-1842.2007.00702.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:9
Date: 2015-11-30

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:9</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:49:09Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7374617475733D707562</setSpec>
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      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D7375626A65637473:5A:5A41</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Objectives: To compare the effectiveness and costs of providing information for patient care via librarian-mediated searches and information-skills training.&#13;
Methods: A questionnaire survey to library staff and health professionals in the North West. Data was collected on perceptions of services, satisfaction and service usage, allowing a cost analysis to be undertaken. Statistical data was analysed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS).&#13;
Results: Using satisfaction and use of skills as outcome measures, both mediated searches and information skills training are effective. A breakdown of costs per type of training session and literature search is provided. Cost-effectiveness is dependent on whether costs are viewed from a library or trust point of view. Providing information skills training does not reduce the volume of mediated search requests.&#13;
Conclusions: No one method of providing information for health professionals is more effective or cost-effective than another. A decision about which services to provide cannot be made on the basis of effectiveness or costs alone; the views of library staff and the health professionals they serve should also be taken into&#13;
account. A proactive approach and targeting training towards those who are most likely to benefit may be an appropriate way forward.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>02656647</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>ZA</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>The costs and effectiveness of mediated searching and information skills training: quantitative results from the EMPIRIC project</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Brettle, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hulme, CT</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ormandy, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-1842.2006.00670.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:8
Date: 2015-11-30

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:8</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:49:44Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7374617475733D707562</setSpec>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D7375626A65637473:52:5231</setSpec>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D7375626A65637473:48:4856</setSpec>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D6865616C74685F616E645F77656C6C6265696E67</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Background: Previous studies have highlighted the effects of informal caring on mental health, but evidence for its wider impact remains scant. We explored associations between informal care and a range of health (and health-related) measures. We also considered previously neglected differences between informal care ‘at home’ and care elsewhere, along with neighbourhood attachment as a possible modifier of the associations we found.&#13;
&#13;
Methods: The study involved a large population survey in two Primary Care Trusts. Data were collected by postal survey of 15465 adults; subjects were selected from the local General Practice register. 12.7 per cent of respondents identified themselves as carers. Health measures included psychiatric morbidity, bodily pain, self-assessed health, health-related behaviours, obesity, prescribed drugs and high levels of GP consultation.&#13;
&#13;
Results: Of nine measures considered, care at home was associated with psychiatric morbidity (OR 1.46, 95 per cent CI 1.25-1.70), bodily pain (OR 1.19, 95 per cent CI 1.02-1.39), and obesity (OR 1.59, 95 per cent CI 1.34-1.89). Care ‘away’ was associated with smoking (OR 1.26, 95 per cent CI 1.03-1.54), and inversely with both sedentary living (OR 0.70, 95 per cent CI 0.58-0.85) and poor self-assessed health (OR 0.78, 95 per cent CI 0.62-0.99). Health tended to be poorer when carers lacked a sense of neighbourhood attachment.&#13;
&#13;
Conclusions: Informal carers are likely to face serious health challenges besides anxiety and depression. Caring is associated with several aspects of poor health, which are themselves predictors of premature mortality. Proactive and wide-ranging support is required, the more so in neighbourhoods where carers feel alienated. Research and policy should distinguish carers ‘at home’ from carers ‘away’.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Oxford University Press</dc:publisher><dc:source>17413842</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>HV</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Unsung heroes who put their lives at risk?  Informal caring, health and neighbourhood attachment</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Barrow, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Harrison, RA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdi038</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:7
Date: 2017-08-09

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:7</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-08-09T19:56:56Z</datestamp>
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      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D7375626A65637473:4B:4B31</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Prioritisation of cases and resources as a means of rationing the limited legal aid budget has recently become a feature of access to justice in the UK. This article explores the utility of devising proxymodels of ‘legal need’ as a means of enabling the rational and equitable planning of legal services in these circumstances. Different conceptual and methodological approaches are considered, highlighting preliminary development work in Scotland. The likelihood of developing ‘legal needs’ measures that promote equity of access to appropriate legal services is discussed in the light of problems with defining ‘legal need’ and the diversity of services&#13;
available for the resolution of legal problems.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://usir.salford.ac.uk/7/1/displayFulltext.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Cambridge University Press</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://journals.cambridge.org</dc:relation><dc:relation>http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=JSP</dc:relation><dc:source>00472794</dc:source><dc:subject>K1</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Proxy models of legal need: can they contribute to equity of access to justice?</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Baker, DJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Barrow, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0047279405009529</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:6
Date: 2015-11-30

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:6</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:51:13Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7374617475733D707562</setSpec>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D7375626A65637473:52:5231</setSpec>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D7375626A65637473:52:5254</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Objectives: To describe current nursing and therapy interventions for the prevention and treatment of post-stroke shoulder pain and to explore the extent of their reported use in England.&#13;
Design: Semi-structured, themed interviews followed by a postal questionnaire.&#13;
Participants: Six nurses, five occupational therapists (OTs) and six physiotherapists (PTs) were interviewed. Twelve nurses, 12 OTs and 12 PTs were sent the pilot questionnaire and the main questionnaire was posted to&#13;
332 nurses, 332 OTs and 332 PTs.&#13;
Setting: NHS Trusts in England which provide acute stroke care/rehabilitation.&#13;
Procedure: Two researchers independently condensed the transcripts of the interviews into a list of interventions which were then transformed into a pilot postal questionnaire. Following the pilot small changes were made.&#13;
Participants sent the main questionnaire were given three weeks to return it before being posted a reminder. After a further two weeks a researcher gave a telephone reminder.&#13;
Results: One hundred and seventy-five different types of interventions were identified. The main questionnaire (57.8% response rate) found that all of the interventions were used by at least one respondent and that only 22.9% of&#13;
the interventions were used to the same extent by nurses, OTs and PTs. The data also suggest variation in reported use within professions. &#13;
Conclusions: This study has found a large number of interventions for poststroke shoulder pain which are reported to be used. This might reflect different causes of shoulder pain or variation between clinicians. Answers to these questions are expected to guide future evaluative research.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Arnold Publishers</dc:publisher><dc:source>02692155</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RT</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Unpacking the black box of nursing and therapy practice for post-stroke shoulder pain</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Pomeroy, VM</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Niven, DS</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Barrow, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Faragher, EB</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1191/026921501675454995</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:5
Date: 2017-08-10

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:5</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-08-10T04:23:23Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Background and Aims: The neurological control of bladder function and the ability to be dry at night involves not only the acquisition of normal daytime control, but also the establishment of a circadian rhythm in vasopressin release and the ability to arouse to a full bladder during sleep. We postulated that in some children there might be a delay in maturation of the normal neurological pathways involved in establishment of nocturnal continence and examined this by using a specific neuropsychological test.&#13;
&#13;
Methods: Children attending an established nocturnal enuresis clinic were examined using the Rey–Osterrieth test to assess the presence or absence of boundary errors in both copy and memory reproductions. The results of the test were scored independently and blind to the response to treatment with the vasopressin analogue DDAVP.&#13;
&#13;
Results: A significant association was found between boundary type errors and response to DDAVP, with non-responders making significantly more errors. No child with three or more errors responded to DDAVP. Using this test, the ability to predict response to treatment was 70%.&#13;
&#13;
Conclusions: It is postulated that the Rey–Osterrieth test, through the presence or absence of boundary errors, reflects a delay in maturation and/or a disorganisation of the retinal-hypothalamic-cortical pathways in the brain. The association previously described with growth hormone neurosecretory dysfunction syndrome would be compatible with this.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://usir.salford.ac.uk/5/1/stevebarrow2002testnocturnalenuresis.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>BMJ Publishing Group</dc:publisher><dc:source>00039888</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>A visual motor psychological test as a predictor to treatment in nocturnal enuresis</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bosson, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Holland, PC</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Barrow, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/adc.87.3.188</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:4
Date: 2015-11-30

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:4</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:51:00Z</datestamp>
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      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D7375626A65637473:52:5241</setSpec>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D6865616C74685F616E645F77656C6C6265696E67</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>BACKGROUND: The focus of health policy on improving health and reducing inequality for socially vulnerable groups. AIM: To examine self-report of condition-specific morbidity and consultation with the general practitioner (GP) for socially vulnerable groups. DESIGN OF STUDY: Cross-sectional survey using a modified version of the General Practitioner Assessment Survey (GPAS). SETTING: Ten general practices in each of six health authorities. METHOD: A random sample of 200 patients was selected from each practice. The questionnaire elicited information about experience of specific acute and chronic conditions and whether the GP had been consulted. Four sub-samples were selected from the 4493 registered patients who responded to the self-completion questionnaire. They were lone mothers (n = 160), elderly living alone (n = 417), the unemployed (n = 100), and members of ethnic minority groups (n = 316). RESULTS: Logistic regression analyses showed that, after adjustment for age, sex, smoking, and housing tenure, only lone motherhood and ethnic minority group status were consistently and independently associated with poorer health outcomes. Lone motherhood was associated with a higher likelihood of anxiety (odds ratio [OR] = 2.03, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.34 to 3.08) and sleep problems (OR = 1.83, 95% CI = 1.18 to 2.83) and ethnic minority group status with a higher likelihood of depression (OR = 2.02, 95% CI = 1.34 to 3.04), diabetes (OR = 4.03, 95% CI = 2.54 to 6.39, migraine (OR = 1.72, 95% CI = 1.26 to 2.35), and minor respiratory symptoms (OR = 1.75, 95% CI = 1.33 to 2.29). Ethnic minority group status was the only source of social vulnerability that was independently associated with a higher likelihood of GP consultation, particularly for episodes of illness such as backache (OR = 3.28, 95% CI = 2.06 to 5.21), indigestion (OR = 2.94, 95% CI = 1.53 to 5.65), migraine (OR = 3.22, 95% CI = 1.75 to 5.93), minor respiratory symptoms (OR = 3.53, 95% CI = 2.26 to 5.50) and sleep problems (OR = 4.72, 95% CI = 2.56 to 8.71). CONCLUSIONS: Social vulnerability can be a risk factor for poorer health, but this is dependent on the source of vulnerability and is condition-specific. No association was found between inequity in the utilisation of primary care and social vulnerability. The propensity for members of ethnic minority groups to consult more than white people, particularly for acute conditions, requires further exploration.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Royal College of General Practitioners</dc:publisher><dc:source>09601643</dc:source><dc:subject>HN</dc:subject><dc:subject>RA</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:subject>other</dc:subject><dc:title>Inequality in morbidity and consulting behaviour for socially vulnerable groups</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Baker, DJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Cambell, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mead, N</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:3
Date: 2015-11-30

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:3</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:50:41Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine changing inequality in the coverage of cervical screening and its relation to organisational aspects of primary care and to inequality in cervical cancer incidence and mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective time trends analysis (1991-2001) of screening coverage and cervical cancer incidence and mortality in England. SETTING: The 99 district health authorities in England, as defined by 1999 boundaries were used to create a time series of incidence and mortality rates from cervical cancer per 100 000 population. A subset of 60 district health authorities were used to construct a time series of screening coverage data and GP and practice characteristics. Health authorities were categorised into one of three "deprivation" groups using the Townsend Deprivation Index. PARTICIPANTS: Women aged &amp;#x3c; 35 and 35-64 were selected from health authority populations as the main focus of the study. RESULTS: Cervical cancer screening coverage was consistently higher in affluent areas from 1991-9 but ratio rates of inequality between affluent and deprived health authorities narrowed over time. The increase in coverage in deprived areas was most closely associated with an increase in the number of practice nurses. Cervical cancer incidence and mortality rates were consistently higher in deprived health authorities, but inequality decreased. Screening coverage and cervical cancer rates were highly negatively correlated in deprived health authorities. CONCLUSION: A primary health care intervention such as an organised programme of cervical screening can contribute to reducing inequality in population health.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>BMJ Publishing Group</dc:publisher><dc:source>0143005X</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>Cervical screening and health inequality in England in the 1990s</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Baker, DJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Middleton, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech.57.6.417</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:2
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:50:24Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Global Research Network, India</dc:publisher><dc:source>Research advances in epidemiology</dc:source><dc:subject>R1</dc:subject><dc:subject>RA0421</dc:subject><dc:subject>health_and_wellbeing</dc:subject><dc:title>The role of preventative medicine in reducing health in inequality: lessons from the UK</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Baker, DJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:contributor>M Mohan, R</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:type>Book chapter</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:usir.salford.ac.uk:1
Date: 2015-11-30

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      <datestamp>2015-11-30T23:50:45Z</datestamp>
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