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Base URL:  http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/cgi/oai2
Sample date:  2017-10-05
Sample size:  100 records harvested

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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1962
Date: 2017-05-05

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ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1962</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-05-05T13:32:47Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>ABSTRACT&#13;
Tax evasion represents one of the major problems facing transition and developing economies. It imposes several economic costs: it slows down economic growth; it diverts resources to unproductive activities; it provides an incentive for firms to remain small and invisible; and it generates inequity between the evaders and the honest taxpayers.&#13;
The aim of this thesis is to investigate the determinants of business tax evasion for transition economies. We do so by adapting the individual theory to the case of businesses; that is by assuming that the behaviour of businesses is similar to the behaviour of individuals, and that the determinants of business tax evasion may be similar, at least qualitatively, to the determinants of tax evasion by individuals or households. More specifically, beyond theoretical and empirical review of the tax evasion literature, this thesis provides three related empirical investigations: a panel investigation of tax evasion at the country level; a pooled-cross section investigation of firm-level behaviour across the transition economies and a cross-section investigation of business tax evasion and tax morale in Kosovo. For the firm-level investigation we use the BEEPS data for the years 1999, 2002 and 2005; and, for the investigation of business tax evasion in Kosovo, we generate primary data by developing a questionnaire and conducting a survey of businesses in Kosovo. Our econometric findings suggest that, first, regardless of the theoretical and previous empirical ambiguity, when it comes to transition economies the relationship between tax rate and tax evasion is positive; second, the macroeconomic environment has only minor effects on business tax evasion, suggesting that the decision to evade or not must depend on other non-economic factors; third, even if a country is performing well in general economic terms, the presence of negative institutional phenomena exert a dominant and immediate influence on the relationship between businesses and government; fourth, business tax morale, as is the case with individuals, has a strong and negative relationship with tax evasion; fifth, moreover, given that the same considerations on morality apply to both individuals and businesses, policies in the individual context apply also to businesses; sixth, lower corruption, higher trust and better treatment of business taxpayers improves significantly both tax morale and tax compliance; and, seventh, because levels of tax evasion vary across firm characteristics, audit strategies should be set accordingly. Finally this thesis provides a set of corresponding policy recommendations intended to reduce either the possibility and/or the inclination to evade.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/1962/1/ABDIXHIKU%20Lumir%20%2C%20Theses%20Final%20.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:subject>N100</dc:subject><dc:title>DETERMINANTS OF BUSINESS TAX EVASION IN TRANSITION ECONOMIES</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>ABDIXHIKU, Lumir</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Thesis</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1944
Date: 2015-06-10

RIOXX

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rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
dcterms:dateAcceptedMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dcterms:dateAccepted - found 0 values
ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1944</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-06-10T08:29:14Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>When I started on this research, I had looked at the works of Collinson and Forrest et al. because I wanted to know how students could be more directly involved in the observation process: I had a strong background in mentoring and developing teaching staff, and also involvement with ‘learner voice’ and graded observations. I had sufficient depth of prior ‘interest’ and experience to get me started, but finding that ‘gap in the knowledge’, that specific area within which I could make a contribution to knowledge was critical. Prior research was limited, the majority of which was in the compulsory education sector, and what did exist had a poor methodological stance. Although linking with student voice initiatives, the case studies tended to focus around whole school improvement, student councils, anti-bullying strategies and so on: even where learners had been involved in formal observations, the ‘participants’ had been selected by the school, and findings were reported anecdotally.&#13;
Having found my ‘gap’ in the literature, my aim was to investigate why adult students, and teaching staff, might choose to volunteer for a peer observation action research study, what they each anticipated gaining from the process, how their sense of identity might influence these perceptions, what might evolve from the reflective conversations between teacher and student and how these findings might be used to improve the teaching and learning experience for everyone involved (Hall, 2012). This necessitated looking at the research, and the data, from a range of perspectives and levels: the personal (micro), the interaction with others (meso), the institutional (exo) and policy (macro). Although the research was informed by policy, having completed an initial review of the main drivers, as I was seeking phenomenological perspectives, I chose to use semi-structured interviews as my primary research method. After all, if you want to know what people think, it is usually simplest to ask them, particularly when it is the depth of insight and feelings that you want to discover as this often requires additional, follow-up questions to probe further. This was not only about the individual perspectives, however. The study was also seeking to analyse what was happening in the ‘interactions’ between the student and the member of staff, and the implications this might have for the peer observation process. So, in addition to issues around these interactions and individual perceptions, the study also sought to understand what was happening between these various ‘communities’, that is, students and staff.&#13;
As such, I used Lave and Wenger's communities of practice and Bronfenbrenner's ecological learning systems, as initial theoretical frameworks through which to view&#13;
these: were we looking at ‘master-apprentice’ models, with students gaining some form of legitimate peripheral participation to the teacher's world through their engagement with the observation process and their ‘input’ into the peer observation feedback, or was it something more fluid where the student's agency was more independent and there was a more bi-directional influence in the evidence (Hall, 2012)? As with Kolb and Kolb's work, I wanted to understand how this experience might enable learners to engage with metacognitive practices, and so become ‘expert’, if at all, and what their perceptions were of this experience.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/1944/1/Peer%20Observations%20as%20a%20Vehicle%20for%20Engaging%20with%20the%20Student%20Voice%20-%20A%20Phenomenological.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>SAGE Publications Ltd</dc:publisher><dc:source>SAGE Research Methods Cases</dc:source><dc:subject>X100</dc:subject><dc:subject>X200</dc:subject><dc:subject>X300</dc:subject><dc:subject>X900</dc:subject><dc:title>Peer Observations as a Vehicle for Engaging with the Student Voice: A Phenomenological Inquiry</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Hall, Valerie J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2014-03-10</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Book chapter</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/978144627305013508713</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1912
Date: 2017-08-09

RIOXX

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This is a valid RIOXX record

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RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
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PropertyError
rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
dcterms:dateAcceptedMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dcterms:dateAccepted - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1912</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-08-09T14:43:12Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:license_ref start_date="2014-02-25">http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0</ali:license_ref><dc:description>Background:There is a paucity of evidence regarding the design of children's footwear in relation to musculoskeletal structure.Objectives:The aim was to gain consensus regarding where flexibility and support should be given on a school shoe for the 6- to 10-year-olds.Study design:Delphi Questionnaire.Methods:Recruitment of 10 Allied Health Professionals yielded a consensus group. Those recruited had dedicated experience in paediatrics and foot health. Rounds of questions were delivered to investigate the basis of the opinions made by the group on the location of support and flexibility in a school shoe for the age range identified.Results:Six themes were generated. Four themes gained 100% consensus regarding footwear allowing normal foot movement, footwear allowing normal forefoot function, footwear providing a stable base and the foot being secure in the shoe. Fleiss' kappa calculations revealed 'poor agreement' for the remaining two themes regarding clinical intervention and the purpose of footwear design in the midfoot in both the upper and sole of the shoe.Conclusion:The qualitative data generated through discussion have highlighted areas where more understanding and research are required, particularly in understanding how, in the long term, shoe design can affect the developing foot.Clinical relevanceChildren's footwear advice is often delivered from experience and personal belief. This article questions current understanding and opinion from clinical experts in the field of paediatric footwear and highlights that there is a lack of knowledge and confidence into the effects of children's footwear. There is a strong requirement for further empirical research to be completed on children's footwear to allow clinicians to formulate relevant and appropriate footwear advice.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/1912/1/davies_branthwaite_chockalingam_PI_2014.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1746-1553</dc:source><dc:subject>A900</dc:subject><dc:subject>B800</dc:subject><dc:subject>B900</dc:subject><dc:subject>C600</dc:subject><dc:title>Where should a school shoe provide flexibility and support for the asymptomatic 6- to 10-year-olds and on what information is this based? A Delphi yielded consensus.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>DAVIES, Nina</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>BRANTHWAITE, Helen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>CHOCKALINGAM, Nachiappan</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2014-02-25</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1910
Date: 2017-10-04

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is a valid RIOXX record

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
dcterms:dateAcceptedMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dcterms:dateAccepted - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1910</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-10-04T11:00:24Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:license_ref start_date="2014-03-21">http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0</ali:license_ref><dc:description>The complexity of human gait patterns has become a topic of major interest in motor control and biomechanics. Range of motion is still the preferred method to quantify movement impairment, however, within these traditional linear measures, the inter-segmental coordination and movement variability is normally ignored. A dynamical systems approach using vector coding and circular statistics provides non-linear techniques to quantify coordination and variability. This study provides comprehensive vector coding and circular statistics calculations. Additionally, pelvis-lumbar coordination and coordination variability data obtained from ten healthy young male participants during five walking trials using an optoelectronic system is provided. This novel data can form the baseline information for future studies in this area of research. Finally, a new illustration to present coordination and coordination variability information of gait kinematics, combining the output from the modified vector coding technique with traditional time-series segmental angle data is presented. This technique, when applied to single patients can be beneficial to assess the effect of an intervention on the patient-specific inter-segmental coordination pattern with implications to the clinical setting.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/1910/1/Needham%20et%20al%20%282014%29.%20Quantifying%20lumbar%E2%80%93pelvis%20coordination%20during%20gait%20using%20a%20modified%20vector%20technique.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1873-2380</dc:source><dc:subject>A900</dc:subject><dc:subject>B800</dc:subject><dc:subject>B900</dc:subject><dc:subject>C600</dc:subject><dc:title>Quantifying lumbar-pelvis coordination during gait using a modified vector coding technique.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>NEEDHAM, Robert</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>NAEMI, Roozbeh</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>CHOCKALINGAM, Nachiappan</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2014-03-21</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1906
Date: 2017-04-19

RIOXX

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RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
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rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
dcterms:dateAcceptedMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dcterms:dateAccepted - found 0 values
dc:identifierMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dc:identifier - found 0 values
ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1906</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-04-19T12:24:31Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>BACKGROUND&#13;
&#13;
Ill-fitting footwear can be detrimental to foot health with the forefoot being an area for most discomfort. Studies on footwear have primarily examined sports or orthopaedic prescription shoes and little is known about the effects that everyday flat shoes have on the forefoot. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of toe box shape in a popular slip-on pump on dorsal and plantar pressures with particular interest around the forefoot in a healthy female population.&#13;
&#13;
METHOD&#13;
&#13;
A convenience sample of 27 female participants with no known foot pathologies was recruited. After assessment of foot size, plantar foot pressure and interdigital pressures were recorded for each of the 3 different toe box styles; round, square and pointed. Participants walked at a self-selected speed over a 10 m walkway whilst wearing each of the 3 styles of shoe and also whilst barefoot. Processed and analysed data extracted included peak pressure, time to peak pressure, contact time and pressure time integral. ANOVA and Freidman analysis was used to test for statistical significance.&#13;
&#13;
RESULTS&#13;
&#13;
Shoes with a round toe showed least pressure around the medial aspect of the toes whilst the pointed shoe had least pressure on the lateral toes. Contact times for the plantar regions were not altered in any shoe condition yet contact around the medial aspect of the toes was highest in the pointed shoe.&#13;
&#13;
CONCLUSION&#13;
&#13;
This study highlights that the shape of the toe box in footwear can significantly influence the amount of pressure applied to the forefoot. Furthermore, the contours of the shoe also have an impact on the contact time and pressure time integral around the forefoot and also the peak plantar pressure in the toe region. The changes observed could be significant in the development of pathology in certain footwear toe box shapes. Consideration should be given to footwear design around the toe box to improve fit and reduce pressure. Further work is required to investigate the effect of toe box shape and volume on a pathological population with pressure related lesions.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1757-1146</dc:source><dc:subject>A900</dc:subject><dc:subject>B800</dc:subject><dc:subject>B900</dc:subject><dc:subject>C600</dc:subject><dc:title>The effect of shoe toe box shape and volume on forefoot interdigital and plantar pressures in healthy females.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>BRANTHWAITE, Helen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>CHOCKALINGAM, Nachiappan</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>GREENHALGH, Andrew K</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2013-07-25</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1904
Date: 2017-10-04

RIOXX

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This is not a valid RIOXX record
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RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
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ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1904</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-10-04T11:05:08Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This study assessed the basic fundamental movements of Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) athletes using the Functional Movement Screen™ (FMS) assessment and determined if an intervention program was successful at improving results. Participants were placed into 1 of 2 groups: intervention and control group. The intervention group was required to complete a corrective exercise program 4 times per week and all participants were asked to continue their usual MMA training routine. A mid-intervention FMS test was included to examine if successful results were noticed sooner than the 8 week period. Results highlighted differences in FMS test scores between the control group and intervention group, p=0.006. Post hoc testing revealed a significant increase in the intervention groups FMS score between weeks 0-8, p=0.00 and weeks 0-4, p=0.00 and no significant increase between weeks 4-8, p=1.00. A chi square analysis revealed the intervention group participants were more likely to have an FMS score &gt;14 than participants in the control group, at week 4 χ² = 7.29, p&lt;0.01 and week 8 χ² = 5.2, p&lt;0.05. Finally, a greater number of participants in the intervention group were free from asymmetry at week 4 and week 8 compared to the initial test period. The results of the study suggested that a 4 week intervention program was sufficient at improving FMS scores. Most, if not all the movements covered on the FMS relate to many aspects of MMA training. The knowledge that the FMS can identify movement dysfunctions, furthermore, the fact that the issues can be improved through a standardised intervention program could be advantageous to MMA coaches. Thus, providing the opportunity to adapt and implement new additions to training programs.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1533-4287</dc:source><dc:subject>A900</dc:subject><dc:subject>B800</dc:subject><dc:subject>B900</dc:subject><dc:subject>C600</dc:subject><dc:title>THE EFFECT OF AN INTERVENTION PROGRAM ON FUNCTIONAL MOVEMENT SCREEN TEST SCORES IN MIXED MARTIAL ARTS ATHLETES.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bodden, Jamie G</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>NEEDHAM, Robert</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>CHOCKALINGAM, Nachiappan</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2013-07-15</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1886
Date: 2017-02-09

RIOXX

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This is a valid RIOXX record

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PropertyError
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<record>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>In this paper we discuss the attitudes to the Global Games Jam, not from the students that do take part – but the ones that don’t. With a successful track record of hosting Global Game Jam locations, at Staffordshire University it has become apparent that the same students attend year on year. This proposed research sets out the setting for Staffordshire University’s game related courses, and the areas that will be addressed by questioning the students that’s don’t attend the 2014 Global Game Jam event.&#13;
&#13;
keywords: Engagement, Motivation, Game Jam, Community, Attendance,</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/1886/1/cfp_fdg_ggjworkshop_v2.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>Foundations of Digital Games 2014</dc:source><dc:subject>G400</dc:subject><dc:title>Contextualising nonattendance of eligible students to Global Game Jam locations</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>WEARN, Nia</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>FLETCHER, Barbara</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>VIGURS, Katharine</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2014-04-08</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1878
Date: 2017-04-19

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Abstract&#13;
Colour is an important property in image and video processing; it is used for the segmentation, classification, and recognition of objects. The observed colour of a surface, as captured by an imaging sensor, can be affected by factors such as specular reflection, illumination variation and shadows which can lead to erroneous colour identification. This creates a need for techniques that are able to extract an illumination invariant descriptor of the surface reflectance of an object, such techniques would enable the development of image and video processing systems which are able to identify the actual colour of an object, independent of illumination variations. Thus achieving what is referred to as colour constancy.&#13;
This research aims to investigate the effectiveness of applying blind signal separation integrated with a physical model of image formation into a framework for achieving colour constancy. The particular model considered in this study is the dichromatic reflection model. This model has been used in approaches to colour constancy developed by other researchers. However, most of these approaches use mixed image components (i.e. composed of specular and diffuse components) in order to estimate illumination and consequently achieve colour constancy. In addition, most of these approaches require the segmentation of the image into regions which correspond to different colours on the multi-coloured surfaces, in high specular reflection (highlight) areas of the image. Correct segmentation of multi-coloured surfaces is difficult to achieve. This thesis proposes an alternative approach embodied in a framework which integrates blind signal separation and dichromatic model of image formation. Unlike the conventional approaches, by using blind signal separation, the illumination can be estimated more accurately using the explicitly separated specular image component and colour constancy is achieved by utilising the explicitly separated diffuse image component only. In addition, by using the blind signal separation the multi-coloured surfaces segmentation problem can be avoided. The research questions addressed by this research are “how should blind signal separation be integrated with the dichromatic model?” and “how does the proposed framework perform in the context of achieving colour constancy?”&#13;
A novel colour constancy framework is developed in this thesis, and experimental findings about the performance of the framework are reported. Unlike the existing work, the proposed framework includes a new method to estimate the illumination spectral power distribution (ISPD) by using an explicitly extracted specular component of images. Furthermore, the proposed framework includes a new method for estimating the surface spectral reflectance using an explicitly extracted diffuse component, instead of mixed image components which are used by other researchers. The framework consists of three stages which are: the separation of image components, the ISPD estimation and the estimation of surface spectral reflectance.&#13;
The methodology exploited to evaluate the performance of the framework involves the development of algorithms, their implementation in software, and their assessment using well-designed experiments anchored on quantitative performance measurement methods. The goodness-of-fit coefficient (GFC) is used to evaluate the performance of the framework, by measuring the degree of similarity between the estimated spectral distribution and a known reference. Values of GFC range between 0 and 1; a higher value representing a higher degree of similarity.&#13;
Using an image data set generated by the author, compared to the manufacturer’s specifications, the estimated ISPD has an average GFC value equal to 0.9830 and 0.9215 for two light sources with colour temperature of 5500 K and 2900 K, respectively. The average GFC of the estimated ISPD improves significantly by 2.9% when the explicit specular image component is used instead of mixed image components. Furthermore, using Foster et al’s image data set (a set of hyperspectral images of natural scenes which was collected by Foster, Nascimento, and Amano), the ISPD is estimated using the mixed image components for other light sources with different colour temperatures. The results show that the estimated ISPD has an average value of the GFC equal to 0.9986 compared to the measured illumination.&#13;
Using the data set collected by the author of this thesis, the surface spectral reflectance is estimated at individual pixels of an object illuminated by two alternative light sources with colour temperatures of 5500 K and 2900 K. A comparative assessment shows that the spectral reflectance, estimated for each given surface, has almost the same spectral signature for the two light sources. The comparison between the surface spectral reflectance estimates corresponding to the two light sources gives an average GFC value which ranges from 0.9611 to 0.9887, depending on the type of the blind separation technique that is used (i.e. the spatially constrained FastICA technique and the technique developed by Umeyama and Godin). Given that the surface spectral reflectance is the output of the last stage of the framework, which depends on the output of the previous two stages, therefore the GFC measured for surface spectral reflectance reflects the performance of the whole framework. The high GFC values mean that the estimates of surface reflectance under the two light sources are very similar, despite the differences between the two illuminants. This similarity implies that the extracted surface reflectance is significantly independent of illumination characteristics, hence showing that the proposed framework achieved a significant degree of colour constancy. Moreover, the observed results show a statistically significant improvement in the accuracy of the estimated surface spectral reflectance by 2.6% in terms of average GFC value when the explicitly extracted diffuse image component is used instead of the mixed image components. Compared to the surface spectral reflectance measurements included in Foster et al’s image data set, the surface spectral reflectance estimated using the mixed image components has an average GFC value equal to 0.9608.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/1878/1/PhD%20Thesis%201878.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:subject>G400</dc:subject><dc:title>Investigation of Colour Constancy Using Blind Signal Separation and Physics-based Image Modelling</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>BADAWI, Waleed</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Thesis</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1856
Date: 2017-04-19

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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1854
Date: 2017-04-19

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1854</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-04-19T11:24:47Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>BACKGROUND:Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disorder in the world and represents the leading cause of pain and disability in the elderly population. Advancing age remains the single greatest risk factor for OA. Several studies have characterised disease development in the guinea pig ageing model of OA in terms of its joint histopathology and inflammatory cytokine profile. However, the quadriceps muscle has yet to be studied in relation to age-related disease onset or early disease progression. Therefore, we examined whether the initiation of OA in the Dunkin Hartley guinea pig is associated with changes in the quadriceps skeletal muscle. Male Dunkin Hartley guinea pigs (N=24) were group housed with free access to standard guinea pig chow and water. At 2, 3, 5 and 7months of age, six animals were selected based on their proximity to the median weight of the cohort. OA severity was graded at each time point by the assessment of toluidine blue stained step coronal sections of the total knee joint. Serum CTX II was measured as a potential biomarker of OA severity. Myosin Heavy Chain (MHC) isoforms were determined by a validated real-time PCR assay. Oxidative and glycolytic potential was determined in quadriceps homogenates via the measurement of ICDH and LDH activity.RESULTS:Initiation of OA in the DH strain guinea pig occurred between 2 and 3months of age and progressed until 7months when the final analyses were conducted. Serum CTX II significantly decreased during this early period of OA initiation and levels were unrelated to the histopathological severity of knee OA at any of the time points assessed. MHC mRNA measurements revealed a significant elevation in MHC IIX mRNA (associated with fast-twitch skeletal muscle fibres) coincident with the initiation of OA at 3months of age, with preliminary findings suggestive of a positive correlation to OA severity at this time point.CONCLUSIONS:These preliminary findings suggest that disease initiation in the ageing guinea pig model of OA is not associated with overt quadriceps muscle atrophy but instead is coincident with altered expression of mRNAs associated with quadriceps skeletal muscle contractile properties (specifically fast-twitch MHC IIX).</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>2046-2395</dc:source><dc:subject>A100</dc:subject><dc:title>Evidence of changes to skeletal muscle contractile properties during the initiation of disease in the ageing guinea pig model of osteoarthritis</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>TONGE, Daniel</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bardsley, R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Parr, Tim</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Maciewicz, RA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jones, SW</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2013</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1834
Date: 2017-05-08

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067/1 on Environmental Quality and Social Deprivation Data Analysis. The aim of the &#13;
research was to 'improve the Environment Agency's understanding of the relationship &#13;
between environmental quality and social deprivation in order to inform the &#13;
Environment Agency's policy position on environmental quality'. The objectives of the &#13;
study were to: &#13;
 &#13;
1. Evaluate existing data and research for the relationship between environmental &#13;
quality – with particularly reference to the Agency's environmental priorities &#13;
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Index of Multiple Deprivation); &#13;
 &#13;
2. Identify gaps in the current evidence base, which restrict the development of an &#13;
Agency policy on environmental equality; &#13;
 &#13;
3. Critically appraise the existing methodology used by the Environment Agency &#13;
to explore the extent to which environmental conditions vary across socially &#13;
deprived wards (as identified by the Index of Multiple Deprivation); &#13;
 &#13;
4. Identify the value of, and priorities for, more detailed quantitative analysis of &#13;
environmental data sets and propose appropriate methodologies for conducting &#13;
this analysis; &#13;
 &#13;
5. Conduct statistical analysis of data sets associated with areas for which the &#13;
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 &#13;
6. Make appropriate recommendations for Agency policy responses and further &#13;
research.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/1834/1/1834.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Environment Agency</dc:publisher><dc:subject>K400</dc:subject><dc:subject>L700</dc:subject><dc:title>Environmental Quality &amp; Social Deprivation Phase II: National Analysis of Flood Hazard, IPC Industries &amp; Air Quality</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Walker, Gordon</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mitchell, Gordon</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>FAIRBURN, Jonathan</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>SMITH, Graham</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1828
Date: 2017-05-08

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    <header>
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&#13;
The project involved a review of past research in the environmental equity field; a scoping and evaluation of data sets; and an analysis of 8 environmental topics against patterns of multiple deprivation throughout Scotland.&#13;
&#13;
For each of the 8 environmental topics analysis was undertaken against the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation 2004. Use was also made of spatially precise household location data in order to estimate populations in proximity to environmental features. Patterns of clustering and differences between urban and rural populations were also examined where relevant.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/1828/1/1828.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>SNIFFER</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.staffs.ac.uk/schools/sciences/geography/links/IESR/themes_envJust.shtml</dc:relation><dc:subject>F800</dc:subject><dc:subject>G500</dc:subject><dc:subject>K400</dc:subject><dc:subject>L700</dc:subject><dc:title>Investigating environmental justice in Scotland: links between measures of environmental quality and social deprivation.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>FAIRBURN, Jonathan</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Walker, Gordon</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>SMITH, Graham</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005-03</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>UE40301</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1826
Date: 2017-05-08

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      <datestamp>2017-05-08T15:15:06Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><ali:license_ref start_date="2008-08">http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0</ali:license_ref><dc:description>This project (with its outputs) aims to provide a robust evidence base at the sub-regional level to enable the Environment Agency to deliver aspects of Creating a Better Place (the corporate strategy) that relate to Better Quality of Life issues. Specifically it details the level of&#13;
environmental inequalities experienced by different groups in South Yorkshire. The outputs of the project could also be used to initiate a dialogue with local communities in South Yorkshire about the quality of their environment and therefore supports Defra’s ‘Improving Poor Environment programme’.&#13;
&#13;
This work should also be of interest to local authorities, environmental organisations, regeneration agencies and the voluntary sector who are engaging with agendas of sustainable development, social inclusion, health and ‘environmental justice’.&#13;
&#13;
Populations in South Yorkshire were classified using the Index of Multiple Deprivation at the individual household level. The most deprived population is classified as those who live in the lowest ten per cent of areas nationally. Using a Geographical Information System the population&#13;
living near to a range of environmental factors was analysed. Statistics on rural urban populations, clustering of sites and the multiple impact of different environmental factors are also included. The outputs of the project allow South Yorkshire to be mapped forenvironmental inequalities at the most detailed level possible and as such hotspots or&#13;
locations for area based interventions can be identified.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/1826/1/1826.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Environment Agency</dc:publisher><dc:subject>K400</dc:subject><dc:subject>L700</dc:subject><dc:title>Environmental justice in South Yorkshire</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>FAIRBURN, Jonathan</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>SMITH, Graham</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2008-08</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>GENE0608BODZ-E-E</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1824
Date: 2017-05-08

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numbers of people potentially at risk from such events, particularly when societal rather than individual&#13;
risk is of concern. To-date, however, the data used on the spatial distribution of populations at risk has&#13;
been highly generalised. This project has developed a sophisticated methodology for producing a&#13;
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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1823
Date: 2017-05-08

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This report and the work it describes were funded by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE). Its contents, including any opinions and/or conclusions expressed, are those of the authors alone and do not necessarily reflect HSE policy</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/1823/1/1823.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Health and Safety Executive Publications.</dc:publisher><dc:subject>G400</dc:subject><dc:subject>G500</dc:subject><dc:subject>K400</dc:subject><dc:subject>L700</dc:subject><dc:title>Updating and improving the National Population Database to National Population Database 2</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>SMITH, Graham</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>FAIRBURN, Jonathan</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2008</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Monograph</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1799
Date: 2017-10-04

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      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1799</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-10-04T10:44:41Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Discrete, three-minute, computer-presented stimuli (designed to range from engaging to incredibly boring) were used to elicit changes in cognitive/emotional states in seated, healthy volunteers. These stimuli did not require the use of a mouse, so movements were assumed to be non- instrumental. Stimuli included films, games, quizzes and music. Motion capture and video analysis were used to detect changes in head and shoulder position in response to the stimuli. Results include changes occurring between the first half and the second half of each of the main stimuli (i.e. arising in less than one minute as the volunteer "settles in"); in the second half of each stimulus, there were decreases in head height and shoulder height (i.e. position rather than movement). In conclusion, we speculate that non-instrumental changes in head height and shoulder height may suggest loss of vigilance or diminishing arousal in seated computer-users. Our unique contributions are: 1) discrete stimuli, were used on seated volunteers 2) without a mouse, to show that 3) modest (mm) head and shoulder movements in the vertical axis correlated with 4) subtle cyclical changes in boredom, not overall changes in fatigue. Future psychological validation of tutoring systems with discrete stimuli can use these postural parameters as part of a multimodal analysis of engagement.&#13;
&#13;
31st European Conference on Cognitive Ergonomics  - ECCE '13</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>ECCE '13 Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Cognitive Ergonomics</dc:source><dc:subject>B800</dc:subject><dc:subject>B900</dc:subject><dc:subject>C600</dc:subject><dc:title>Mean head and shoulder heights when seated: subconscious postural cycles during discrete computerised stimuli</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Witchel, Harry J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Westling, Carina</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>NEEDHAM, Robert</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>HEALY, Aoife</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>CHOCKALINGAM, Nachiappan</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2013</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2501907.2501957</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1792
Date: 2017-10-04

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Online First article.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Kluwer</dc:publisher><dc:source>1064-8011</dc:source><dc:subject>B900</dc:subject><dc:subject>C600</dc:subject><dc:title>The Effect of An Intervention Program on Functional Movement Screen Test Scores in Mixed Martial Arts Athletes</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bodden, Jamie G</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>NEEDHAM, Robert</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>CHOCKALINGAM, Nachiappan</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2013</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182a480bf</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1760
Date: 2016-09-30

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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1759
Date: 2016-09-30

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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1758
Date: 2016-09-30

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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1757
Date: 2016-09-30

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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1756
Date: 2016-09-30

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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1755
Date: 2016-09-30

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      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1755</identifier>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>An unpredicted sudden outburst flood from Sólheimajökull, Southern Iceland, in July 1999 may herald a major subglacial volcanic eruption beneath Mýrdalsjökull ice cap.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing Ltd, The Geologists' Association &amp; The Geological Society of London</dc:publisher><dc:source>1365-2451</dc:source><dc:subject>F800</dc:subject><dc:title>Flash flood at Sólheimajökull heralds the re-awakening of an Icelandic subglacial volcano</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Russell, A.J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>TWEED, Fiona</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Knudsen, O.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2000-05</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2451.2000.00005.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1754
Date: 2016-09-30

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      <datestamp>2016-09-30T14:57:06Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Volcanic eruptions generate hazards, are potent agents of landscape change and have the power to alter global climate. Recent events in Iceland have emphasised the multi-scale and trans-boundary nature of hazards from ice-volcano interactions and have highlighted their local, national and international impacts. Prompted by these recent events, this article reviews a selection of Icelandic volcanic eruptions in order to demonstrate the diversity of hazards and impacts generated by Icelandic volcanic activity. Some of the challenges associated with managing risks from Icelandic volcanic hazards are discussed and future prospects are outlined.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing Ltd, The Geologists' Association &amp; The Geological Society of London</dc:publisher><dc:source>1365-2451</dc:source><dc:subject>F800</dc:subject><dc:title>‘Now that the dust has settled…’ the impacts of Icelandic volcanic eruptions</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>TWEED, Fiona</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2012</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2451.2012.00854.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1753
Date: 2016-09-30

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      <datestamp>2016-09-30T14:51:26Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>International Association of Hydrological Sciences</dc:publisher><dc:source>International Association of Hydrological Sciences Red Book Publication 276, (Proceedings of ‘The Structure and Management Implications of Fluvial Sedimentary Systems’ Symposium, Alice Springs, September 2002)</dc:source><dc:subject>F800</dc:subject><dc:title>The Role of Hydrograph Shape in Controlling Glacier Outburst Flood (Jökulhlaup) Sedimentation: Justification of Field Prototypes for Flume Modelling</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Rushmer, E.L.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Russell, A.J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>TWEED, Fiona</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Knudsen, O.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Marren, P.M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2002</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1752
Date: 2016-09-30

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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1751
Date: 2016-09-30

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1751</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-09-30T14:58:15Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Few studies have focused on the geomorphic and sedimentary impact of magmatically-generated jôkulhlaups released directly into the proglacial zone. This paper characterizes the proglacial geomorphic and sedimentary impact of the 17-18 July 1999 jôkulhlaup, Glacier Sôlheimajôkull, Iceland.&#13;
Jôkulhlaup outflow from the glacier margin resulted in temporary water storage within former ice-dammed lake basins, resulting in the deposition of coarsegrained deltas, and more distal sandy bedforms capped by silts. Outflow from the western outlet transported boulders up to 8 m in diameter on the surface of a new outwash fan ranging in thickness from 6 m proximally to 1 m distally.&#13;
Near-simultaneous deposition of ice blocks, boulders and finer-grained matrix occurred, suggesting that flows were sediment rich during the rising stage of the flood. This unexpected short-lived flood had a distinctive impact on the proglacial zone, providing a record of a precursor to a Mount Katla eruption.&#13;
&#13;
Key words: Jôkulsâ â Sôlheimasandi; Myrdalsjôkull; Iceland; geomorphological impact; ice blocks; temporary storage; outwash fan; proglacial; Katla; boulders</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>International Association of Hydrological Sciences</dc:publisher><dc:source>International Association of Hydrological Sciences Red Book Publication 271 (Proceedings of ‘The Extremes of the Extremes’ Symposium, Reykjavík, July 2000)</dc:source><dc:subject>F800</dc:subject><dc:title>The geomorphic impact and sedimentary characteristics of the July 1999 jökulhlaup on the Jökulsá á Sólheimasandi, Mýrdalsjökull, southern Iceland</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Russell, A.J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>TWEED, Fiona</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Knudsen, O</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Roberts, M.J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Harris, T.D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Marren, P.M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2002</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1750
Date: 2016-09-30

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      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1750</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-09-30T14:50:35Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>We present evidence of glaciohydraulic supercooling under jökulhlaup and ablation- dominated conditions from two temperate Icelandic glaciers. Observations show that freezing of sediment-laden meltwater leads to intraglacial debris entrainment during normal and extreme hydrologic regimes. Intraglacial frazil ice propagation under normal ablation-dominated conditions can trap copious volumes of sediment, which forms anomalously thick sections of debris-rich ice. Glaciohydraulic supercooling plays an important role in intraglacial debris entrainment and should be given more attention in models of basal ice development. Extreme jökulhlaup conditions can result in significant intraglacial sediment accretion by supercooling, which may explain the concentration of englacial sediments deposited in Heinrich layers in the North Atlantic during the last glaciation.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Geological Society of America</dc:publisher><dc:source>0091-7613</dc:source><dc:subject>F800</dc:subject><dc:title>Glaciohydraulic supercooling and englacial sediment entrainment in temperate glaciers</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Roberts, M.J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>TWEED, Fiona</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Russell, A.J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Knudsen, O</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Lawson, D.E.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Larsen, G.J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Evenson, E.B.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Björnsson, H.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2002</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(2002)030&lt;0439:GSII&gt;2.0.CO;2</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1749
Date: 2016-09-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Ice-dam flotation is a commonly described mechanism for the initiation of jökulhlaups (catastrophic floods) from ice-dammed lakes, but predictions of the critical lake depth required for flotation often differ from the actual lake depth at which flotation occurs. Glacier debris content is identified as an insufficiently recognized variable in ice-dam flotation. It is demonstrated that high debris contents could suppress flotation, and thereby affect the timing, mechanism and magnitude of catastrophic lake drainage events. The density of the part of the glacier forming the ice dam (rather than pure ice density) is the key to predicting ice-dam flotation.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>John Wiley &amp; Sons</dc:publisher><dc:source>0197-9337</dc:source><dc:subject>F800</dc:subject><dc:title>Jökulhlaup Initiation by Ice-Dam Flotation: The Significance of Glacier Debris-Content</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>TWEED, Fiona</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2000</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1748
Date: 2016-09-30

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      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1748</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-09-30T14:58:33Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Theoretical studies of glacial outburst floods (jökulhlaups) assume that: (i) intraglacial floodwater is transported efficiently in isolated conduits; (ii) intraglacial conduit enlargement operates proportionally to increasing discharge; (iii) floodwater exits glaciers through pre-existing ice-marginal outlets; and (iv) the morphology and positioning of outlets remains fixed during flooding. Direct field observations, together with historical jökulhlaup accounts, confirm that these theoretical assumptions are not always correct. This paper presents new evidence for spatial and temporal changes in intraglacial floodwater routing during jökulhlaups; secondly, it identifies and explains the mechanisms controlling the position and morphology of supraglacial jökulhlaup outlets; and finally, it presents a conceptual model of the controls on supraglacial outbursts. Field observations are presented from two Icelandic glaciers, Skeiðarárjökull and Sólheimajökull. Video footage and aerial photographs, taken before, during and after the Skeiðarárjökull jökulhlaup and immediately after the Sólheimajökull jökulhlaup, reveal changes in floodwater routing and the positioning and morphology of outlets. Field observations confirm that glaciers cannot transmit floodwater as efficiently as previously assumed. Rapid increases in jökulhlaup discharge generate basal hydraulic pressures in excess of ice overburden. Under these circumstances, floodwater can be forced through the surface of glaciers, leading to the development of a range of supraglacial outlets. The rate of increase in hydraulic pressure strongly influences the type of supraglacial outlet that can develop. Steady increases in basal hydraulic pressure can retro-feed pre-existing englacial drainage, whereas transient increases in pressure can generate hydraulic fracturing. The position and morphology of supraglacial outlets provide important controls on the spatial and temporal impact of flooding. The development of supraglacial jökulhlaup outlets provides a new mechanism for rapid englacial debris entrainment.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>John Wiley &amp; Sons</dc:publisher><dc:source>0197-9337</dc:source><dc:subject>F800</dc:subject><dc:title>Ice fracturing during jökulhlaups: implications for englacial floodwater routing and outlet development</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Roberts, Matthew J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Russell, Andrew J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>TWEED, Fiona</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Knudsen, Óskar</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2000</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1746
Date: 2016-09-30

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      <datestamp>2016-09-30T14:49:25Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Utgefendur</dc:publisher><dc:source>0449-0576</dc:source><dc:subject>F800</dc:subject><dc:title>An ice-dammed lake in Jökulsárgil: predictive modelling and geomorphological evidence</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>TWEED, Fiona</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2000</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1745
Date: 2016-09-30

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1745</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-09-30T14:57:18Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Climate change will cause major changes in the Earth surface systems, especially in high-latitude and high-altitude cold environments. Geomorphological processes operating at the Earth's surface, transferring sediments and changing landforms are dependent on climate and will be significantly affected by climate change. More reliable modelling of sediment transfer processes operating under present-day climatic settings is needed to determine the consequences of climate change. It is necessary to collect and to compare data and knowledge from a wide range of different high-latitude and high-altitude cold environments and to develop more standardized methods and approaches for future research on sediment fluxes and relationships between climate and sedimentary transfer processes. In Europe, the wide range of high-latitude and high-altitude cold environments provides great potential to investigate climate–process relationships and to model the effects of climate change by using space for time substitution. The European Science Foundation (ESF) Network (01.01.2004–31.12.2006) “Sedimentary Source-to-Sink-Fluxes in Cold Environments” (SEDIFLUX) is bringing together leading scientists, young scientists and research teams from different fields. SEDIFLUX forms a framework for an integrated and multidisciplinary investigation of the addressed topic and is a major catalyst for strengthening and extending contacts, collaborative research activities and mobility of scientists in Europe. It also points to areas within Europe that would benefit from wider research collaboration (e.g. Russia, Poland). The SEDIFLUX Steering Committee consists of scientists from seven European countries: Achim A. Beylich, Co-ordinator of SEDIFLUX (Trondheim, Norway), Samuel Etienne (Clermont-Ferrand, France), Bernd Etzelmüller (Oslo, Norway), Vyacheslav V. Gordeev (Moscow, Russia), Jukka Käyhkö (Turku, Finland), Volker Rachold (Potsdam, Germany), Andrew J. Russell (Newcastle, England, UK), Karl-Heinz Schmidt (Halle/S., Germany), Þorsteinn Sæmundsson (Sauðárkrókur, Iceland), Fiona S. Tweed (Staffordshire, England, UK) and Jeff Warburton (Durham, England, UK). SEDIFLUX activities include four Science Meetings: in Sauðárkrókur, Iceland (June 18th–June 21st, 2004), Clermont-Ferrand, France (January 20th–22nd, 2005), Durham, England, UK (December 15th–20th, 2005) and Trondheim, Norway (October 29th–November 1st, 2006), Steering Committee Meetings attached to these Science Meetings, a Session co-organized by SEDIFLUX at the Second European Permafrost Conference, June 12th–17th, 2005, in Potsdam, Germany, publication of Scientific Reports and Abstract Volumes, publication of Special Issues of Journals and of a SEDIFLUX Handbook, creation of a SEDIFLUX Database, an effective diffusion and dissemination of SEDIFLUX activities and outputs by using electronic media (Websites, Newsletters, Forum), invitations of leading experts from other parts of the world, policy makers and land managers to the Science Meetings. The ESF Network SEDIFLUX is organized in four Working Groups: I: Selection of critical test catchments; II: Analysis of geographical and geological settings of test catchments; III: Analysis of present-day fluxes; IV: Integration and data management. The major outputs from the Working Groups will be published in the SEDIFLUX Handbook, including guidelines for future monitoring programmes and a section, which is particularly targeted at end-users. A strong monitoring and operational data collection and more standardized methods provide a baseline for the development of reliable models and for future research in the changing high-latitude and high-altitude cold environments. ESF SEDIFLUX will continue and will be extended as I.A.G./A.I.G. Working Group on Sediment Budgets in Cold Environments (SEDIBUD). Apart from further collaborations and collaborative research activities project and programme applications at both the national and the European level following the three-year ESF Network are discussed and initiated.&#13;
&#13;
Keywords&#13;
&#13;
    Source-to-sink-fluxes;&#13;
    Sediment budgets;&#13;
    Space-for-time substitution;&#13;
    Climate change;&#13;
    Monitoring;&#13;
    ESF network</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>0169555X</dc:source><dc:subject>F800</dc:subject><dc:title>The European Science Foundation (ESF) Network SEDIFLUX — An introduction and overview</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Beylich, Achim A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Etienne, Samuel</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Etzelmüller, Bernd</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gordeev, Vyacheslav V.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Käyhkö, Jukka</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Rachold, Volker</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Russell, Andrew J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Schmidt, Karl-Heinz</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Sæmundsson, Þorsteinn</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>TWEED, Fiona</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Warburton, Jeff</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2006</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2005.11.013</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1743
Date: 2016-09-30

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      <datestamp>2016-09-30T14:48:57Z</datestamp>
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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1742
Date: 2016-09-30

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1742</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-09-30T14:58:45Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Previous discussions of the catastrophic drainage of ice-dammed lakes have centred on mechanisms where characteristics of the lake are crucial to drainage initiation, for example dam flotation or tunnel formation at a critical lake depth. This paper describes a mechanism for lake drainage where drainage initiation depends on the characteristics of the glacier and is independent of the characteristics of the lake. Prediction of this mechanism must be based on glacier dynamics, whereas the mechanisms most commonly discussed previously are best predicted primarily on the basis of lake evolution.&#13;
&#13;
An ice-dammed lake at the margin of the glacier Solheimajokull, in southern Iceland, was observed to drain rapidly into the sub- or englacial drainage system, supplying water and debris to the bed or interior of the glacier. Geomorphological evidence suggests that the lake drains and refills periodically, discharging up to 13300 m3 of water into the glacier-hydrological system. The depth of the maximum lake is insufficient to cause either flotation of the ice margin or tunnel opening by plastic deformation of the ice, and we suggest that sudden drainage is related to ice-bed separations associated with specific glacier flow states rather than to a critical lake depth threshold. This mechanism of lake drainage has implications for conditions at the glacier bed, for the development of basal ice and for the entrainment of debris into the glacier, as well as for the prediction of potentially hazardous catastrophic drainage events and jokulhlaups from ice-dammed lakes.&#13;
&#13;
Keywords:&#13;
&#13;
    Ice-dammed lakes;&#13;
    Glacier hydrology;&#13;
    Basal ice Jokulhlaup</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>John Wiley &amp; Sons</dc:publisher><dc:source>08856087</dc:source><dc:subject>F800</dc:subject><dc:title>Periodic drainage of ice-dammed lakes as a result of variations in glacier velocity</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Knight, Peter G.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>TWEED, Fiona</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1991</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hyp.3360050205</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1741
Date: 2016-09-30

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1741</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-09-30T14:48:08Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Over the past few years there has been an increase in understanding of glacier-impounded or ‘ice-dammed’ lake behaviour. The spectacular jökulhlaup (catastrophic flood) from Grímsvötn, Iceland in November 1996 has both raised the profile of such events and emphasized the need for awareness of the processes involved. This review summarizes the extent of current knowledge of ice-dammed lakes, highlighting key developments and outlining areas of study still subject to difficulties. Controls on ice-dammed lake formation and persistence are identified, and cycles of jökulhlaup activity are related to glacier fluctuations. Ice-dammed lake drainage trigger mechanisms are reviewed and recent progress in the understanding of such mechanisms is emphasized. Controls on jökulhlaup routing and the development and character of jökulhlaup conduits are discussed and recent advances in jökulhlaup prediction, hydrograph modelling and peak discharge estimation are assessed. A process-based schematic model, drawing on published research, links ice-dammed lake occurrence and drainage to jökulhlaup characteristics. It is demonstrated that ice-dammed lake and ice-dam characteristics ultimately control seven key jökulhlaup attributes which determine the potential impact of jökulhlaups on both landscape and human activity in glaciated regions.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>SAGE Publications</dc:publisher><dc:source>0309-1333</dc:source><dc:subject>F800</dc:subject><dc:title>Controls on the formation and sudden drainage of glacier-impounded lakes: implications for jokulhlaup characteristics</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>TWEED, Fiona</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Russell, A. J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1999</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/030913339902300104</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1740
Date: 2016-09-30

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This paper presents sedimentary evidence for rapid englacial debris entrainment during jökulhlaups. Previous studies of jökulhlaup sedimentology have focused predominantly on proglacial impact, rather than depositional processes within glaciers. However, observations of supraglacial floodwater outbursts suggest that englacial sediment emplacement is possible during jökulhlaups. The November 1996 jökulhlaup from Skeiđarárjökull, Iceland presented one of the first opportunities to examine englacial flood deposits in relation to former supraglacial outlets. Using observations from Skeiđarárjökull, this paper identifies and explains controls on the deposition of englacial flood sediments and presents a qualitative model for englacial jökulhlaup deposition. Englacial jökulhlaup deposits were contained within complex networks of upglacier-dipping fractures. Simultaneous englacial deposition of fines and boulder-sized sediment demonstrates that englacial fracture discharge had a high transport capacity. Fracture geometry was an important control on the architecture of englacial jökulhlaup deposits. The occurrence of pervasively frozen flood deposits within Skeiđarárjökull is attributed to freeze-on by glaciohydraulic supercooling. Floodwater, flowing subglacially or through upglacier-dipping fractures, would have supercooled as it was raised to the surface faster than its pressure-melting point could increase as glaciostatic pressure decreased. Evidence for floodwater contact with the glacier bed is supported by the ubiquitous occurrence of sheared diamict rip-ups and intra-clasts of basal ice within jökulhlaup fractures, deposited englacially some 200–350 m above the bed of Skeiđarárjökull. Evidence for fluidal supercooled sediment accretion is apparent within stratified sands, deposited englacially at exceptionally high angles of rest in the absence of post-depositional disturbance. Such primary sediment structures cannot be explained unless sediment is progressively accreted to opposing fracture walls. Ice retreat from areas of former supraglacial outbursts revealed distinct ridges characterized by localized upwellings of sediment-rich floodwater. These deposits are an important addition to current models of englacial sedimentation and demonstrate the potential for post-jökulhlaup landform development. Copyright © 2001 John Wiley &amp; Sons, Ltd.&#13;
&#13;
Keywords:&#13;
&#13;
    jökulhlaup;&#13;
    englacial debris entrainment;&#13;
    glaciofluvial sediment;&#13;
    hydrofracturing;&#13;
    Iceland</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>John Wiley &amp; Sons</dc:publisher><dc:source>01979337</dc:source><dc:subject>F800</dc:subject><dc:title>Controls on englacial sediment deposition during the November 1996 jökulhlaup, Skeiđarárjökull, Iceland</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Roberts, Matthew J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Russell, Andrew J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>TWEED, Fiona</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Knudsen, Óskar</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2001</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/esp.236</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1739
Date: 2016-09-30

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1739</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-09-30T14:58:04Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7374617475733D707562</setSpec>
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      <setSpec>74797065733D61727469636C65</setSpec></header>
    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This paper examines the origin and significance of Loch Lomond Stadial (Younger Dryas) gravel deposits at Creag Aoil, Spean Bridge, Scotland. Sedimentation into ice-dammed lakes in Glen Roy and Glen Spean associated with shorelines at 260 m, 325 m and 350 m is well-documented, yet little is known about later, lower level lakes near Spean Bridge. Excavations on the northern flanks of the Lundy Channel revealed exposures into a 35–40 m thickness of sand and gravel. These sediments reflect deposition in a subaqueous environment experiencing repeated short-lived periods of high-energy subaerial deposition. Deformation structures within subaqueous deposits are associated with at least two ice-push events. This study presents new evidence for the existence of ice-dammed lakes at elevations between 260 m and 113 m and for periodic jökulhlaups draining southwest via the Lundy Channel. Active glacier ice associated with the deposits flowed northwest to southeast, driving meltwater across the Great Glen to the Lundy Channel. Glacier retreat was punctuated by periodic minor readvances. Progressive ice retreat was accompanied by ice thinning, and changes in ice-flow direction and subglacial meltwater routing. These findings add to knowledge of Loch Lomond Stadial deglaciation around Spean Bridge and have implications for our understanding of lacustrine glacier margins during deglaciation. Copyright © 2003 John Wiley &amp; Sons, Ltd.&#13;
&#13;
Keywords:&#13;
&#13;
    ice-dammed lake;&#13;
    subaqueous outwash;&#13;
    jökulhlaups;&#13;
    ice-push structures;&#13;
    Scotland</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>John Wiley &amp; Sons</dc:publisher><dc:source>0267-8179</dc:source><dc:subject>F800</dc:subject><dc:title>High-energy sedimentation, Creag Aoil, Spean Bridge, Scotland: implications for meltwater movement and storage during Loch Lomond Stadial (Younger Dryas) ice retreat</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Russell, Andrew J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>TWEED, Fiona</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Harris, Tim</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jqs.761</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1738
Date: 2016-09-30

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1738</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-09-30T14:58:09Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7374617475733D707562</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Glacial outburst floods (jökulhlaups) occur frequently in glaciated environments, and the resultant flooding causes geomorphic change and, in some instances, damage to local infrastructure. During some jökulhlaups, floodwater is stored temporarily in ice-marginal locations. In July 1999, a linearly rising jökulhlaup burst from Sólheimajökull, Iceland. During this remarkable event, subglacial floodwater pooled transiently in two relict ice-dammed lake basins, before draining suddenly back into Sólheimajökull. The significance of such rapid formation and attendant drainage of temporary ice-dammed lakes during jökulhlaups has not been addressed. Consequently, this paper: (i) assesses the hydrologic and geomorphic effects of temporary ice-dammed lake formation caused by lake-basin ‘retro-filling’; and (ii) discusses the impact and significance of transient retro-filling under jökulhlaup conditions. Pre- and post-flood fieldwork at Sólheimajökull enabled the impact and significance of lake-basin retro-filling to be assessed. Field evidence demonstrates that the July 1999 jökulhlaup had an unusually rapid rise to peak discharge, resulting in subglacial floodwater being purged to ice-marginal locations. The propensity for temporary retro-filling was controlled by rapid expulsion of floodwater from Sólheimajökull, coincident with locations suitable for floodwater storage. Floodwater inundated both ice-marginal lake basins, permitting significant volumes of sediment deposition. Coarse-grained deltas prograding from the ice margin and boulders perched on scoured bedrock provide geomorphic records of sudden retro-filling. The depositional characteristics of lake-basin deposits at Sólheimajökull are similar to jökulhlaup sediments documented in proglacial settings elsewhere; however, their depositional setting and association with ice-marginal landforms is distinctive. Findings suggest that temporary ice-dammed lake formation and drainage has the capacity to alter the shape of the flood hydrograph, especially if drainage of a temporary lake is superimposed on the original jökulhlaup. Deposits associated with lake-basin retro-filling have a long-term preservation potential that could help to identify temporary ice-dammed lake formation in modern and ancient glacial environments. Copyright © 2003 John Wiley &amp; Sons, Ltd.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>John Wiley &amp; Sons</dc:publisher><dc:source>0197-9337</dc:source><dc:subject>F800</dc:subject><dc:title>Hydrologic and geomorphic effects of temporary ice-dammed lake formation during jökulhlaups</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Roberts, Matthew J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>TWEED, Fiona</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Russell, Andrew J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Knudsen, Óskar</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Harris, Timothy D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/esp.476</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1737
Date: 2016-09-30

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1737</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-09-30T14:57:59Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Recent research has identified problems inherent in the identification and description of landforms. Morphologically similar small-scale glacial and periglacial landforms can be misinterpreted, thus hindering environmental reconstruction. This study reveals that a landform resembling a moraine at Stígárjökull, southern Iceland, is the product of both glacial deposition and mass movement. The landform has two distinct morphological and sedimentological components: a basal, lithologically diverse component, and an upper, lithologically homogenous component. Clast lithological analysis, particle shape and particle size measurements demonstrate that the basal component of the landform consists of sediment whose characteristics match nearby moraines. In contrast, the source of the upper component is a narrow outcrop of rock above the valley floor. Evidence suggests that frost-shattered material was transported across a perennial snow patch to a small moraine, leading to growth of the ‘moraine’. This combination of processes is unlikely to be unique, but the geological peculiarities of the field site permitted their identification. It is possible that many similar ‘moraines’ could be enlarged by subaerial feeding, leading to false reconstruction of glacier form and/or associated rates of erosion and sedimentation. Such polygenetic landform genesis therefore has implications for environmental reconstruction.&#13;
&#13;
Keywords:&#13;
&#13;
    polygenetic;&#13;
    glacial;&#13;
    periglacial;&#13;
    environmental reconstruction</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>John Wiley &amp; Sons</dc:publisher><dc:source>0435-3676</dc:source><dc:subject>F800</dc:subject><dc:title>A Polygenetic Landform At Stiga, Oraefajokull, Southern Iceland</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Harris, Tim</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>TWEED, Fiona</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Knudsen, Oskar</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0435-3676.2004.00220.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1736
Date: 2016-09-30

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1736</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-09-30T14:57:48Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7374617475733D707562</setSpec>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D46383030</setSpec>
      <setSpec>74797065733D61727469636C65</setSpec></header>
    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Jökulhlaups (glacial outburst floods) are known to have drained along the Jökulsá á Fjöllum river in Iceland during the Holocene. However, little is known about their number, age, source, and flow characteristics. This paper provides detailed geomorphological evidence for jökulhlaups that have routed from the Kverkfjöll ice margin and hence into the Jökulsá á Fjöllum. Erosional evidence of jökulhlaups from Kverkfjöll includes gorges, cataracts, spillways, subaerial lava steps, and valley-wide scoured surfaces. Depositional evidence includes wash limits, boulder bars, cataract-fill mounds, terraces, slackwater deposits, and outwash fans. Some of these landforms have been documented previously in association with jökulhlaups. However, subaerial lava surfaces that have been scoured of the upper clinker, gorges within pillow–hyaloclastite ridges, gorges between pillow–hyaloclastite ridges and subaerial lava flows, subaerial lava lobe steps, cataract-fill mounds, and boulder run-ups are previously undocumented in the literature. These landforms may therefore be diagnostic of jökulhlaups within an active volcanic rifting landscape. The nature and spatial distribution of these landforms and their stratigraphic association with other landforms suggest that there have been at least two jökulhlaups through Kverkfjallarani. The Biskupsfell eruption occurred between these two jökulhlaups. Kverkfjallarani jökulhlaups were very strongly influenced by topography, geology, and interevent processes that together determined the quantity and nature of sediment availability. Such controls have resulted in jökulhlaups that were probably fluidal, turbulent, and supercritical over large areas of the anastomosing channel bed. Kverkfjallarani jökulhlaups would have had highly variable hydraulic properties, both spatially and temporally. The knowledge of flow characteristics that can be gained from jökulhlaup impacts has implications for recognising jökulhlaups in the rock record and for hazard analysis and mitigation within similar landscapes and upon other glaciated volcanoes.&#13;
Keywords&#13;
&#13;
    Kverkfjöll;&#13;
    Jökulhlaups;&#13;
    Outburst flood;&#13;
    Geomorphology;&#13;
    Volcanic rifting zone;&#13;
    Iceland</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>0169555X</dc:source><dc:subject>F800</dc:subject><dc:title>Geomorphological evidence for jökulhlaups from Kverkfjöll volcano, Iceland</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Carrivick, Jonathan L.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Russell, Andrew J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>TWEED, Fiona</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2004.03.006</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1735
Date: 2016-09-30

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1735</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-09-30T14:57:53Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7374617475733D707562</setSpec>
      <setSpec>7375626A656374733D46383030</setSpec>
      <setSpec>74797065733D61727469636C65</setSpec></header>
    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Jökulhlaups (glacial outburst floods) occur frequently within Iceland and within most glaciated regions of the world. The largest jökulhlaups known to have occurred within Iceland drained from the northern margin of the Vatnajökull and along the Jökulsá á Fjöllum during the Holocene. However, little is known about the number, age and flow characteristics of the Jökulsá á Fjöllum jökulhlaups. One source of meltwater into the Jökulsá á Fjöllum is Kverkfjöll, a glaciated stratovolcano. This paper provides detailed sedimentological evidence demonstrating that jökulhlaups have routed through Kverkfjallarani and hence from Kverkfjöll. Sedimentological evidence of jökulhlaups includes valley-fill deposits and slack water deposits. Lithofacies, which are indicative of high-magnitude fluvial sedimentation, show that these deposits cannot be the result of nonjökulhlaup processes. The situation and nature of the sediments permit palaeoflow reconstructions. Fine-grained deposits within slack water deposits mark a break in jökulhlaup deposition and suggest that at least three jökulhlaups have drained through Hraundalur, the predominant valley within Kverkfjallarani. Evidence of lava overrunning ‘wet’ jökulhlaup deposits indicates that jökulhlaups occurred in close association with volcanic eruptions in the Biskupsfell fissure. The largest jökulhlaup was initially hyperconcentrated and subsequently became more fluid. Slope–area reconstructions indicate that the largest jökulhlaup had a probable average peak discharge of 45,000–50,000 m3 s−1; however, the peak discharge attenuated by 25–30% in just 25 km. These observations quantify the number, rheology, hydraulics and chronology of jökulhlaups from Kverkfjöll and hence within the Jökulsá á Fjöllum. This study presents a model of jökulhlaup impacts and characteristics from glaciated volcanoes and/or within volcanic rifting zones.&#13;
Keywords&#13;
&#13;
    Kverkfjöll;&#13;
    Outburst floods;&#13;
    Jökulhlaups;&#13;
    Rheology;&#13;
    Flow characteristics;&#13;
    Iceland</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>00370738</dc:source><dc:subject>F800</dc:subject><dc:title>Palaeohydrology and sedimentary impacts of jökulhlaups from Kverkfjöll, Iceland</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Carrivick, Jonathan L.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Russell, Andrew J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>TWEED, Fiona</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Twigg, Dave</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sedgeo.2004.07.005</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1734
Date: 2016-09-30

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      <datestamp>2016-09-30T14:57:42Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Iceland contains the worlds largest and best-documented active glacial outwash plains or sandar that have been studied since the 19th century. Vigorous subglacial volcanic activity and the presence of numerous ice-dammed lakes, make Iceland the prime location for the study of glacier outburst floods or jökulhlaups and their geomorphological and sedimentological impact. Increasing attention is being focused on large jökulhlaup channels related to both modem and ancient processes. Jökulhlaup impact within Icelandic bedrock channels has so far received little attention despite the fact that such channels are abundant as sandar in Iceland. Despite clear descriptions within Icelandic literature of jökulhlaup impact on glacier margins, there have been attempts to link jökulhlaup feeder system dynamics with processes and products in the proglacial outwash system. This chapter presents the latest research on the impacts of jökulhlaups generated by three main mechanisms: volcanic, ice-dammed lake drainage, and glacier surge. This chapter identifies and discusses the main advances in the understanding of jökulhlaup impact in Iceland.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>15710866</dc:source><dc:subject>F800</dc:subject><dc:title>Icelandic jökulhlaup impacts</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Russell, Andrew J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Fay, Helen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Marren, Philip M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>TWEED, Fiona</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Knudsen, Óskar</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1571-0866(05)80009-0</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1733
Date: 2016-09-30

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1733</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-09-30T14:39:43Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This paper explores changing ice–water interactions during jökulhlaups from Grænalón, a 5 × 108 m3 subaerial lake dammed by Skeiðarárjökull, Iceland. Unstable drainage of Graenalón since the early 20th century has resulted in 45 jökulhlaups whose hydrologic character has varied enormously. Geomorphic observations and geophysical measurements from the inlet and outlet zones of the subglacial floodwater tract constrained the hydromechanical factors governing ice–water interactions at Grænalón. To date, three distinct drainage regimes have occurred in response to the changing surface elevation of Grænalón. Shifts from one drainage regime to another involved pronounced changes in jökulhlaup magnitude, timing and cyclicity. Present hydraulic conditions for lake drainage differ from the classical view of a pressure-coupled lake draining directly beneath an ice dam. Instead, lowamplitude drawdown occurs at regular, frequent intervals when hydrostatic pressure in a shallow, rock–ice trench enables water to flow beneath a sagging ice barrier. Floodwater exits Skeiðarárjökull in a supercooled state due to rapid hydraulic displacement from an overdeepened subglacial basin.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>International Glaciological Society</dc:publisher><dc:source>02603055</dc:source><dc:subject>F800</dc:subject><dc:title>Ice–water interactions during floods from Grænalón glacier-dammed lake, Iceland</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Roberts, Matthew J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Pálsson, Finnur</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gudmundsson, Magnús Tumi</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Björnsson, Helgi</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>TWEED, Fiona</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005-01-01</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.3189/172756405781813771</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1732
Date: 2017-05-09

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1732</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-05-09T15:54:25Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Glaciers and ice sheets erode, entrain, and deposit massive quantities of debris. Fluxes of subglacial meltwater exert a fundamental control on ice dynamics and sediment transport budgets. Within many glacial systems outburst floods (jökulhlaups) constitute high magnitude, high frequency fluxes of meltwater relative to normal ablation controlled discharge. This paper presents a synthesis of research on recent Icelandic jökulhlaups and their geomorphological and sedimentary impact. We identify jökulhlaup impacts within subglacial, englacial and proglacial settings and discuss their wider significance for ice sheet hydrology, sediment transfer and geomorphology. Because jökulhlaups erode, deposit, and re-work sediment simultaneously, they usually cause significant glaciological and sedimentological impacts. Jökulhlaups that propagate as subglacial flood waves often produce widespread hydromechanical disruption at the glacier base. Recent Icelandic jökulhlaups have been recognised as highly efficient agents of reworking subglacial sediment and glacial sediment entrainment. Models of jökulhlaup impact, therefore, need to encompass the sub- and englacial environment in addition to the proglacial zone where research has traditionally been focussed. Most jökulhlaups transport sediment to proglacial sandar, and often directly to oceans where preservation potential of the impact is greater. Proglacial jökulhlaup deposits form distinctive sedimentary assemblages, coupled with suites of high-energy erosional landforms. This study of modern jökulhlaup processes and sedimentary products may be useful for the interpretation of meltwater processes associated with Quaternary ice sheets.&#13;
Keywords&#13;
&#13;
    Jökulhlaups;&#13;
    Ice sheets;&#13;
    Subglacial erosion;&#13;
    Englacial and Subglacial deposition;&#13;
    Sediment transfer;&#13;
    Proglacial;&#13;
    Outwash;&#13;
    Iceland</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>0169555X</dc:source><dc:subject>F800</dc:subject><dc:title>Icelandic jökulhlaup impacts: Implications for ice-sheet hydrology, sediment transfer and geomorphology</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Roberts, Matthew J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Russell, Andrew</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Fay, Helen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Marren, Philip M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Cassidy, Nigel, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>TWEED, Fiona</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>HARRIS, Tim</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2006</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2005.05.018</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1731
Date: 2016-09-30

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1731</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-09-30T14:57:33Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Knowledge of how glaciers entrain sediment is central to understanding processes of glacier movement and products of glacial sediment deposition. Previous work has shown that if the total hydraulic potential of subglacial meltwater increases more rapidly than the resulting mechanical energy can be transformed into sensible heat, then supercooling and ice growth will result. This process causes frazil ice to grow onto adjacent glacier ice, which acts to trap sediment in flowing meltwater eventually producing sedimentary inclusions within glacier ice. Supercooling has been recognised as a sediment entrainment mechanism at glaciers in Alaska, and more recently at several temperate Icelandic glaciers. Here we present short-period temperature measurements and field evidence of glaciohydraulic supercooling from three Icelandic glaciers. Temperature measurements demonstrate that supercooling occurs over a range of hydrological conditions and that the process does not operate continuously at all instrumented sites. Measurements of supercooling during a small jökulhlaup are also presented. Progressive accretion of supercooled meltwater creates sediment-laden ice exposures adjacent to active artesian vents. Understanding controls on the efficacy and pervasiveness of hydraulic supercooling is important for decoding the sedimentary record of modern and ancient glaciers and ice sheets.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>02773791</dc:source><dc:subject>F800</dc:subject><dc:title>Hydrologic monitoring of supercooled meltwater from Icelandic glaciers</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>TWEED, Fiona</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Roberts, Matthew J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Russell, Andrew J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2004.11.020</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1723
Date: 2016-09-30

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1723</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-09-30T14:56:59Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Proglacial lakes are ubiquitous within the Quaternary record and can provide exceptional breadth and depth of palaeoenvironmental information. Present deglaciation is increasing the number and size of proglacial lakes around the world. This study provides a synthesis of knowledge on proglacial lake character and behaviour and critically evaluates the importance of proglacial lakes from a geological perspective. We show how ‘ice-marginal’ or ‘ice-contact’ lakes and other distal proglacial lakes can be distinguished from each other by geomorphological, sedimentological, chemical and biological characteristics. The key controls on proglacial lake geomorphology and sedimentology are outlined and discussed. Proglacial lakes can exacerbate mountain glacier and ice sheet margin ablation via mechanical and thermal stresses, but very large lakes can moderate summer air temperatures and relatively retard summer ice ablation. Proglacial lakes interrupt meltwater flux and are very efficient sediment traps. Hydrological routing and consequent geomorphological activity can be radically modified by sudden drainage of proglacial lakes and resultant glacial lake outburst floods; exceptionally large proglacial lake drainages affected global ocean circulation and global climate during the Quaternary. Overall, analyses of proglacial lakes can provide a valuable insight into (i) patterns, character and behaviour of mountain glaciers, ice sheets and glaciations, and (ii) the impacts of past, present and future deglaciation.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>0277-3791</dc:source><dc:subject>F800</dc:subject><dc:title>Proglacial lakes: character, behaviour and geological importance</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>CARRIVICK, Jonathan L.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>TWEED, Fiona</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2013</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.07.028</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1721
Date: 2016-09-30

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1721</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-09-30T14:47:33Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption in Iceland provided a unique opportunity to quantify the evolution of proglacial geomorphology during a series of volcanogenic jökulhlaups (glacial outburst floods) (&gt;140 events). Time-lapse imagery and repeat terrestrial laser scans before and directly after the eruption show that the jökulhlaup of 14 April 2010 composed 61% of the 57 × 106 m3 total discharge of the combined events, and had the highest peak discharge for the two main flood events, but only deposited 18% of the total volume of sediment in front of Gígjökull glacier. The majority of sediments (67% of a total volume of 17.12 × 106 m3) were deposited by the 15 April 2010 jökulhlaup, and this was followed by extensive reworking by a series of smaller jökulhlaups over the following 29 days that deposited 15% of the total sediment. The geomorphological and sedimentary signatures of the two largest jökulhlaups associated with the onset of the eruption have either been reworked by later floods or are buried by later flood deposits. Consequently, the ice-proximal, posteruption landscape cannot be used to reconstruct the characteristics or magnitudes of either of the two largest jökulhlaups. The findings support a complex-response model in which peak discharge and the bulk of the sediment transported is decoupled by changing routing mechanisms and water:sediment ratios during the eruption.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0091-7613</dc:source><dc:subject>F800</dc:subject><dc:title>The role of multiple glacier outburst floods in proglacial landscape evolution: The 2010 Eyjafjallajokull eruption, Iceland</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Dunning, S. A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Large, A. R. G.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Russell, A. J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Roberts, M. J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Duller, R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Woodward, J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Meriaux, A.-S.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>TWEED, Fiona</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Lim, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/G34665.1</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1710
Date: 2017-04-19

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      <datestamp>2017-04-19T12:25:13Z</datestamp>
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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1709
Date: 2017-10-04

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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1651
Date: 2017-05-08

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>Footwear Science</dc:source><dc:subject>A900</dc:subject><dc:subject>B900</dc:subject><dc:subject>C600</dc:subject><dc:subject>H100</dc:subject><dc:title>Effects of walkway inclusion in pressure platform assessment</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Naemi, Roozbeh</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Alonso, Ana Pilar</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>CHOCKALINGAM, Nachiappan</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Larose Chevalier, Thierry</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2009</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1640
Date: 2017-04-19

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>Footwear Science</dc:source><dc:subject>A900</dc:subject><dc:subject>B900</dc:subject><dc:subject>C600</dc:subject><dc:subject>H100</dc:subject><dc:title>Where should a school shoe provide flexibility and support for the asymptomatic 6-10 year old and on what information is this based? A Delphi yielded consensus</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>BRANTHWAITE, Helen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>DAVIES, Nina</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>CHOCKALINGAM, Nachiappan</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2013</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1639
Date: 2017-10-04

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>Footwear Science</dc:source><dc:subject>A900</dc:subject><dc:subject>B900</dc:subject><dc:subject>C600</dc:subject><dc:subject>H100</dc:subject><dc:title>Comparison of design features in diabetic footwear and their effect on plantar pressure</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>HEALY, Aoife</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>CHATZISTERGOS, Panagiotis</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>NEEDHAM, Robert</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>NAEMI, Roozbeh</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>CHOCKALINGAM, Nachiappan</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2013</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1637
Date: 2017-04-19

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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1580
Date: 2017-04-19

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1580</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-04-19T11:19:12Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Physical activity has been advocated for women in the hope of offsetting progestin-only contraceptive-related loss in bone mineral density. There is limited evidence for the beneficial effect of physical activity on bone health of hypo-oestrogenic premenopausal women. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the relationship between physical activity and bone health [as measured by quantitative ultrasound (QUS)] of depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) users, and to investigate whether QUS measurements of DMPA users and non-users differed according to physical activity. Bone health of 48 DMPA users and 48 age-matched controls (22.83 ± 3.2 years) was assessed using calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA). Participants were categorised into low and high levels of physical activity based on their exposure to bone-loading exercise. Analysis of covariance was conducted to determine if QUS measurements of DMPA users and non-DMPA users differed within levels of bone-loading physical activity after controlling for body mass index. The duration of DMPA use ranged from 6 to 132 months. Participants’ reference bone-loading exposure time averaged 3.3 ± 1.8 years. Data analysis revealed that DMPA users had significantly lower BUA by 6.54 dB/MHz (t (95) = −2.411, p = 0.018) compared to non-users of DMPA. Concurrently high levels of physical activity and DMPA use led to 1.996 dB/MHz decreases in BUA. A cycle of prolonged DMPA use and concurrent engagement in high levels of physical activity appears detrimental to bone health. It is suggested that the lack of oestrogen may counteract the effects of physical activity by inhibiting bone formation in response to mechanical bone-loading.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0914-8779</dc:source><dc:subject>B100</dc:subject><dc:subject>C600</dc:subject><dc:title>Association between depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA), physical activity and bone health</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>BABATUNDE, Opeyemi</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>FORSYTH, Jacky</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2013</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00774-013-0497-y</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1578
Date: 2015-02-04

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      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1578</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-02-04T15:46:13Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper provides an analysis of the anthropological concept of liminality in relation to undergraduate preregistration mental health nurse education, and considers implications both for students and nurse educators working in this field.&#13;
&#13;
A review of educational and professional literature was undertaken in order to clarify the concept of liminality within the context of nurse education to aid in understanding how nurse educators could maximise the potential of liminality within the mental health pre registration nursing programme, and to consider the relationship between liminality and the preparation of future mental health nursing practitioners.&#13;
&#13;
A survey of the findings and conclusions of the selected studies yielded two key areas in which the concept has an explanatory function: in relation to “threshold concepts” in nurse education and as a way of describing a stage in the development of a role and identity.&#13;
&#13;
Discussion of each of these areas points to suggestions for changes in the understanding of education and training for mental health nurses, particularly in the context of the United Kingdom.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/1578/1/Liminality%20pree-formatting.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>Nurse Education in Practice</dc:source><dc:subject>B700</dc:subject><dc:subject>L600</dc:subject><dc:subject>X300</dc:subject><dc:subject>X900</dc:subject><dc:title>Liminality in preregistration mental health nurse education: a review of the literature</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Evans, Claire</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>KEVERN, Peter</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2014-12-26</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2014.08.004</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1531
Date: 2017-04-19

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      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1531</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-04-19T11:34:51Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Objectives&#13;
To explore English and Spanish fans’ emotional responses to team success and failure and resulting changes in social interaction and spending during the 2010 Soccer World Cup.&#13;
Design&#13;
&#13;
A between-group and within-group longitudinal design.&#13;
Method&#13;
&#13;
Data on emotion, team identification, social interaction and spending were collected from 59 English fans (47 men, 12 women), and 32 Spanish fans (19 men, 13 women), before, during and after the 2010 Soccer World Cup.&#13;
Results&#13;
&#13;
Both English and Spanish fans displayed significant changes in emotional state after the success or failure of their respective teams during the Soccer World Cup. The positive emotional state associated with winning the tournament in the Spanish fans persisted for over four days, and the negative emotional state associated with the early exit from the tournament by the English fans did not. Four days after the tournament the Spanish Fans had a more positive emotional state than the English fans. The changes in emotional state were not associated with greater identification with the team assessed through the use of team identifying pronouns; nor were changes in behavior associated with changes in emotional state. After the tournament the Spanish fans reported spending more time socializing than English fans and also spending more money than usual compared with baseline.&#13;
Conclusion&#13;
&#13;
These data provide evidence that group membership influences emotion and that the positive emotional experience associated with group success persist longer than the negative emotional experience associated with group failure.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>14690292</dc:source><dc:subject>C600</dc:subject><dc:subject>C800</dc:subject><dc:title>Just a game? Changes in English and Spanish soccer fans’ emotions in the 2010 World Cup</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>JONES, Marc</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>COFFEE, Pete</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>SHEFFIELD, David</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>YANGÜEZ, Marc</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>BARKER, Jamie</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2012</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2011.10.008</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1530
Date: 2017-04-19

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The use of rational-emotive behavior therapy (REBT) in sport psychology has received scant research attention. Therefore, this study examines the efficacy of REBT (comprising three counselling sessions and two homework assignments) in decreasing irrational beliefs and cognitive-anxiety in four elite youth cricketers using a single-case multiple-baseline across-participants design. Visual and statistical analyses indicated that REBT reduced irrational beliefs and cognitive-anxiety in all participants. The applied issues surrounding the use of REBT in a youth sport context are discussed, along with guidance for its future use in sport psychology research.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1041-3200</dc:source><dc:subject>C600</dc:subject><dc:subject>C800</dc:subject><dc:title>Examining the Efficacy of Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) on Irrational Beliefs and Anxiety in Elite Youth Cricketers</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>TURNER, Martin</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>BARKER, Jamie</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2013</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10413200.2011.574311</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1408
Date: 2017-05-08

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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1361
Date: 2017-05-08

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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1359
Date: 2017-05-08

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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1354
Date: 2017-04-19

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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1353
Date: 2017-10-04

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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1350
Date: 2017-04-19

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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1348
Date: 2017-10-04

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>Journal of strength and conditioning research/National Strength &amp; Conditioning Association</dc:source><dc:subject>A900</dc:subject><dc:subject>B900</dc:subject><dc:subject>C600</dc:subject><dc:title>THE EFFECT OF AN INTERVENTION PROGRAM ON FUNCTIONAL MOVEMENT SCREEN TEST SCORES IN MIXED MARTIAL ARTS ATHLETES.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bodden, Jamie G</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>NEEDHAM, Robert</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>CHOCKALINGAM, Nachiappan</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>NEEDHAM, Robert</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2013</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1347
Date: 2017-04-19

RIOXX

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      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1347</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-04-19T12:26:14Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Background&#13;
&#13;
Ill-fitting footwear can be detrimental to foot health with the forefoot being an area for most discomfort. Studies on footwear have primarily examined sports or orthopaedic prescription shoes and little is known about the effects that everyday flat shoes have on the forefoot. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of toe box shape in a popular slip-on pump on dorsal and plantar pressures with particular interest around the forefoot in a healthy female population.&#13;
Method&#13;
&#13;
A convenience sample of 27 female participants with no known foot pathologies was recruited. After assessment of foot size, plantar foot pressure and interdigital pressures were recorded for each of the 3 different toe box styles; round, square and pointed. Participants walked at a self-selected speed over a 10 m walkway whilst wearing each of the 3 styles of shoe and also whilst barefoot. Processed and analysed data extracted included peak pressure, time to peak pressure, contact time and pressure time integral. ANOVA and Freidman analysis was used to test for statistical significance.&#13;
Results&#13;
&#13;
Shoes with a round toe showed least pressure around the medial aspect of the toes whilst the pointed shoe had least pressure on the lateral toes. Contact times for the plantar regions were not altered in any shoe condition yet contact around the medial aspect of the toes was highest in the pointed shoe.&#13;
Conclusion&#13;
&#13;
This study highlights that the shape of the toe box in footwear can significantly influence the amount of pressure applied to the forefoot. Furthermore, the contours of the shoe also have an impact on the contact time and pressure time integral around the forefoot and also the peak plantar pressure in the toe region. The changes observed could be significant in the development of pathology in certain footwear toe box shapes. Consideration should be given to footwear design around the toe box to improve fit and reduce pressure. Further work is required to investigate the effect of toe box shape and volume on a pathological population with pressure related lesions.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>BioMed Central</dc:publisher><dc:source>1757-1146</dc:source><dc:subject>A900</dc:subject><dc:subject>B800</dc:subject><dc:subject>B900</dc:subject><dc:subject>C600</dc:subject><dc:title>The effect of shoe toe box shape and volume on forefoot interdigital and plantar pressures in healthy females</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>BRANTHWAITE, Helen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>CHOCKALINGAM, Nachiappan</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>GREENHALGH, Andrew K</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2013</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1757-1146-6-28</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1336
Date: 2017-05-03

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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1331
Date: 2017-04-19

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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1330
Date: 2017-04-19

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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1294
Date: 2017-05-05

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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1266
Date: 2017-04-19

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      <datestamp>2017-04-19T10:20:57Z</datestamp>
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Binarised curvilinear land transition images are processed with fast Fourier transform on which principal component analysis is performed. One-way analysis of variance (95 % confidence interval) concludes significant differentiation between 11 barrel manufacturers when calculating weighted Euclidean distance between any trio of land transitions and an average land transition for each barrel in the database. The proposed methodology is therefore a promising novel approach for the classification and identification of firearms.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0379073812001041</dc:relation><dc:source>0379-0738</dc:source><dc:subject>F400</dc:subject><dc:subject>F900</dc:subject><dc:subject>H700</dc:subject><dc:title>Numerical classification of curvilinear structures for the identification of pistol barrels</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>BOLTON-KING, Rachel</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>BENCSIK, Martin</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>EVANS, J. Paul O.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>SMITH, Clifton L.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>ALLSOP, Derek F.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>PAINTER, Jonathon D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>CRANTON, Wayne M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2012</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2012.03.002</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1264
Date: 2017-04-19

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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1238
Date: 2017-07-06

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ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1237
Date: 2017-07-06

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This paper is based on research that examined intergenerational dynamics amongst British South Asians regarding education and family life. The study investigated the perspectives of grandparents, parents and young people to establish how family attributes and education were&#13;
perceived by these three groups. The methods used to gather data were focus groups and individual interviews. These were complemented by digital ethnography, which involved using photographs taken by the young people for reflection during interviews. Drawing on Bourdieu, Putnam and Coleman’s theses of cultural and social capitals, the paper forwards the concept of educational capital, as the findings suggest a high emphasis on the acquisition of educational capital for upward social mobility amongst all groups.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Taylor &amp; Francis</dc:publisher><dc:source>0141-1926</dc:source><dc:subject>X900</dc:subject><dc:title>Educational capital as a catalyst for upward social mobility amongst British Asians: a three-generational analysis</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>BASIT, Tehmina</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2013</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01411926.2012.677414</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1236
Date: 2017-07-06

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      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1236</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-07-06T08:58:55Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This paper examines the impact of a school-based intervention entitled ‘Our Brothers and Sisters in Humanity’ on 10th grade female Omani students’ religious tolerance. A questionnaire was administered before and after an intervention to a sample of 241 girls, of whom 116 were in the experimental group and 125 in the control group. A semi-structured interview was conducted before and after the intervention with 16 participants, of whom 8 were from the experimental group and 8 from the control group. Analysis of the quantitative data in the postintervention&#13;
round reveals that there are statistically significant differences between the experimental group and the control group in favour of the experimental group in religious tolerance. Similarly the experimental group shows greater tolerance when compared to the control group in post-intervention interviews. The study suggests that religion is one of the most salient components of Omani pupils’‘identity’. The participants use religion to define their relations with, and determine their tolerance of, those who hold different religious beliefs. However, we conclude that education that capitalises on the perceived similarities between religions can be a means to suppress intolerance.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Taylor &amp; Francis</dc:publisher><dc:source>0141-1926</dc:source><dc:subject>X900</dc:subject><dc:title>Religious tolerance in Oman: addressing religious prejudice through educational intervention</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Al Sadi, Fatma H.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>BASIT, Tehmina</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2013</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01411926.2011.652071</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1235
Date: 2017-07-06

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This article examines the role of gender and ethnicity in young minority ethnic British citizens’ transition to adulthood. As part of a larger study using a mixed methods approach, in-depth interviews were conducted with 20 young men and women aged 14–24 at different stages of education,&#13;
employment and non-employment. By employing Bourdieu’s concept of habitus, the article shows how young people’s transition to adulthood is affected by gender and ethnic considerations. It is argued that for some, the interplay of gender and ethnicity with religion is a crucial aspect of their transition which causes them to make choices to&#13;
live their lives in a certain way, whereas for others it is more subtle and nuanced. Further, researchers and policymakers need to be cognisant of the similarities and differences of gendered experiences within various minority ethnic groups and the similarities between these groups and the majority ethnic group.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1361-3324</dc:source><dc:subject>X900</dc:subject><dc:title>‘…But that’s just the stereotype’: gender and ethnicity in transition to adulthood</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>BASIT, Tehmina</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2012</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13613324.2011.624507</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1233
Date: 2017-07-06

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This article investigates retrospectively and prospectively the educational and career aspirations and&#13;
experiences of young minority ethnic British citizens. It focuses on one aspect of a larger mixed methods&#13;
study, that is, qualitative research involving in-depth interviews with a stratified sample of 20 young men&#13;
and women of minority ethnic origins aged 14–24, and at different stages of education, employment and&#13;
non-employment. It argues that social and cultural capitals play a significant role in enabling young minority&#13;
ethnic citizens to succeed in education and careers and become valuable members of society. Furthermore,&#13;
it introduces the notion of ‘aspirational capital’ as a crucial extension of, or substitute for, cultural and&#13;
social capitals, depending on the familial background of the young people, and contends that it is a strong&#13;
motivating force in improving the life chances of young minority ethnic British citizens.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1746-1979</dc:source><dc:subject>X900</dc:subject><dc:title>'My parents have stressed that since I was a kid': Young minority ethnic British citizens and the phenomenon of aspirational capital</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>BASIT, Tehmina</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2012</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1746197912440857</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1210
Date: 2017-05-08

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      <datestamp>2017-05-08T15:15:05Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This paper investigates the deployment of passive UHF RFID technology for vehicle tracking. The paper identifies the related technical issues for vehicle tracking applications from current literature. A prototype system has been designed and developed for the application in tracking vehicles. Extensive experiments are conducted to investigate the performance consequences of applying different configurations of the proposed system. In the middleware development phase, the paper addresses two important challenges: 1) handling the stream of identification data; 2) determining the direction of the vehicle. Experiments are also conducted to demonstrate the performance of the system operated in various conditions including: 1) indoor vs. outdoor; 2) different height of tags.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1741-9174</dc:source><dc:subject>G400</dc:subject><dc:title>Practical aspects of using passive UHF RFID technology for vehicle tracking</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>CHOOSRI, Noppon</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>YU, Hongnian</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>ATKINS, Anthony</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2013</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1504/IJASM.2013.052208</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1002
Date: 2017-05-08

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      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:1002</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-05-08T15:07:42Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Abstract It is clear to most observers that China is taking an increasing role in world trade not only through political interventions but as a result of its strategy regarding acquisitions. There have been a significant number of these recently, some of which like the Rover take over in the UK and more recently Geely taking over Volvo, have been high profile. This paper provides a brief overview of these developments. It is then argued that an important issue facing the Chinese companies involved in these take overs is one of brand equity and country of origin effects. This issue is of equal importance to China’s global competitors as well. A review of the literature shows that consumer perception constructs, such as perceived quality, have been well researched through numerous country-of-origin papers. A key issue to explore here however, is the extent to which the new nationality of brand ownership will have an impact on consumer perception constructs of brand equity. This paper discusses these two areas and examines their relationship in conceptual terms. A research agenda is then suggested, which forms the basis of a proposed interpretative project aimed at establishing the views of consumers regarding the phenomenon of well known brands being taken over by a new country of origin - evidence from the car industry draws on the progress being made in this area. The research aims to examine the implications for consumer based valuations of brand equity and the types of new strategic thinking this could engender. It is argued that the Chinese brand lacks the main components for global success in several areas though in time these factors will be addressed. .In the short term more focus will be made on supplying the local Chinese market though experienced gained from increased exports of components and collaboration in research from abroad as shown in the examples of the car industry will help strengthen the reputation of Chinese products in the longer term as well as helping to establish more Chinese global brands</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Wiley</dc:publisher><dc:source>1086-1718</dc:source><dc:subject>N100</dc:subject><dc:subject>N200</dc:subject><dc:subject>N500</dc:subject><dc:title>Can China overcome the difficulties of establishing successful global brands?</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Floyd, David</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>ARDLEY, Barry</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>MCMANUS, John</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2011-11-20</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsc.902</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:999
Date: 2017-05-08

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      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:999</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-05-08T15:07:14Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The success of ventures that have pursued non traditional marketing approaches may be attributed to a range of forward thinking practices which it is argued here, should be the starting and finishing points for Chinese companies. Chinese multinationals need to develop entrepreneurial ability more compatible with their growth in the international markets. Chinas educational framework is still largely based on rote learning, which is a method typically seen as ill suited to modern needs. Many Chinese high tech sectors are still dominated by overseas know-how and the ongoing strength of wholly foreign- owned enterprises.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Wiley</dc:publisher><dc:source>1086-1718</dc:source><dc:subject>N100</dc:subject><dc:subject>N200</dc:subject><dc:title>Fostering Chinese firms through Entrepreneurship, Globalisation and International Finance</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>MCMANUS, John</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>ARDLEY, Barry</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Floyd, David</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2012-05-21</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsc.1902</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:939
Date: 2017-05-08

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>With the aging population increasing at a faster rate the muscular skeletal system disorder caused by falling is becoming a challenging problem to health providers. In Thailand there is lack of training of therapists to assist the elderly people following fall injuries. The need for innovative approaches to help with the care of elderly is required. This paper addresses this issue by describing a decision support system based on a case based reasoning paradigm to support the physiotherapists in their care for the elderly.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>2011 5th International Conference on Software, Knowledge Information, Industrial Management and Applications (SKIMA) Proceedings</dc:source><dc:subject>G400</dc:subject><dc:title>Application of CBR techniques in elderly falling risk for physiotherapist assessment and support</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Rueangsirarak, W.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>ATKINS, Anthony</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>SHARP, Bernadette</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Chakpitak, N</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Meksamoot, K.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2011</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/SKIMA.2011.6089977</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:906
Date: 2015-07-08

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Background: Recognition memory (RM) is impaired in patients with schizophrenia, as they rely largely on feelings of familiarity rather than conscious recollection. It has been suggested that this abnormality may reflect a breakdown in strategic memory processes involved in both encoding and retrieval. By studying 2 patients with false recognition (FR; patient C.T.) and delusional misidentification (DM; patient B.C.), and a group of psychotic control patients, we examined proposals that FR and DM exist on a continuum of increasingly severe impairment in strategic memory function. Methods: Executive function, autobiographical memory and verbal and facial RM were assessed using standard neuropsychological tests and the remember/know paradigm. Results: The psychotic control group displayed a significantly reduced reliance on remember judgements and compensatory elevation in know judgements on both RM tasks compared with the normal control group. Patient B.C. also followed this trend, but in a much more pronounced manner. In contrast, patient C.T. displayed a qualitatively different performance profile, which was marked by an increased dependence on remember responses. Conclusions: We have presented evidence which support proposals that a breakdown in strategic memory and executive dysfunction are more pronounced in DM than FR. However, the small sample size precludes any firm conclusions being drawn.</dc:description><dc:format>CDF</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/906/1/store906.msg</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>Psychopathology</dc:source><dc:subject>C800</dc:subject><dc:title>An investigation of conscious recollection, false recognition and delusional misidentification in patients with schizophrenia</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Edelstyn, Nicola M.J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>DRAKEFORD, Justine</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Oyebode, Femi</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Findlay, C.D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:833
Date: 2016-11-07

RIOXX

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:833</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-11-07T17:32:16Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><ali:license_ref>http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0</ali:license_ref><dc:description>During the Provisional IRA’s (PIRA) 1975 ceasefire, two different sets of incident centres were established across Northern Ireland in order to monitor and avert escalation of violence between Republicans and Security Forces.  While one group of these offices were run by the Northern Ireland Office (NIO) and administered by clerks in the Northern Ireland Civil Service, very quickly Sinn Féin (taking advantage of their decriminalisation in 1974) established their own incident centres to coordinate their communication with the government. This article argues that the establishment of the Sinn Féin incident centres set a precedent for the future political activity of the Provisional Republican Movement; that their activity during the 1975 ceasefire played an important formative role in the evolution of the group’s political strategy; and that this experience, acquired from the work done during the 1975 truce, was of far greater influence than is appreciated in current accounts.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/833/1/833%20-%20%20Monitoring%20the%20Peace%20-%20%20Incident%20Centres%20Article.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Taylor &amp; Francis</dc:publisher><dc:source>0954-6553</dc:source><dc:subject>V200</dc:subject><dc:title>Monitoring the Peace? : Northern Ireland’s 1975 ceasefire incident centres and the politicisation of Sinn Féin</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>CRAIG, Tony</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:832
Date: 2016-11-07

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:832</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-11-07T17:23:19Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><ali:license_ref>http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0</ali:license_ref><dc:description>This article examines talks that took place between British government officials and loyalist paramilitary groups in Northern Ireland at a critical moment in the most recent Troubles. In particular, this article describes talks that took place secretly at the Northern Ireland Office's ‘Laneside’ building, a secluded suburban house used by British diplomats and MI6 officers on the shores of Belfast Lough between 1971 and 1976. Drawing on both recently released archive material as well as interviews with those who worked at and visited Laneside, this article explores what went on at these talks and analyses their outcomes from three different perspectives. This article demonstrates that the most accurate perspective from which to view what occurred in these meetings is neither top-down (government led) nor bottom-up (paramilitary led), but one that looks at what went on there as part of a conversation which both sets of participants for a time found useful. For the loyalists, Laneside had a role as a venue to think about strategy (rather than negotiate ends). For the British these were conversations that were useful in furnishing their understanding of loyalism, and as a place where policies could be explained and problems better understood. Looking at what occurred at Laneside as a semi-autonomous governmental body in Northern Ireland reveals key insights into both the loyalist paramilitaries' political ideas as well as the aims of British policy in Northern Ireland. Furthermore, this middle perspective holds a mirror up to the more familiar talks then occurring between the very same British officials and the Provisional IRA.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/832/1/832%20-%20Loyalists%20at%20Laneside.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Taylor &amp; Francis</dc:publisher><dc:source>0790-7184</dc:source><dc:subject>V300</dc:subject><dc:title>Laneside, Then Left a Bit? Britain's Secret Political Talks with Loyalist Paramilitaries in Northern Ireland, 1973–1976</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>CRAIG, Tony</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07907184.2012.732952</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:830
Date: 2016-11-07

RIOXX

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:830</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-11-07T17:17:47Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><ali:license_ref>http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0</ali:license_ref><dc:description>Following the outbreak of the Troubles in Northern Ireland, the British government established an office dedicated to gathering the views of political groups there, below the level of the state. By looking at the numerous contacts, conduits and intermediaries that existed (however temporarily) between the British government and the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) before the 1975 ceasefire, this article illustrates that an almost continuous conversation was taking place. It also demonstrates that these contacts were centred on Dáithí Ó Conaill, the then Sinn Féin Vice President, and that these ‘talks’, when taken as a whole, can better explain the events that culminated in the 1975 ceasefire.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/830/1/830%20-%20From%20back%20doors%20%20to%20backchannels.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Taylor &amp; Francis</dc:publisher><dc:source>1361-9462</dc:source><dc:subject>V100</dc:subject><dc:subject>V200</dc:subject><dc:subject>V300</dc:subject><dc:title>From Backdoors and Back Lanes to Backchannels: Reappraising British Talks with the Provisional IRA, 1970-1974</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>CRAIG, Tony</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13619462.2012.656391</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:829
Date: 2016-11-07

RIOXX

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:829</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-11-07T17:36:41Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><ali:license_ref>http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0</ali:license_ref><dc:description>At various moments in the twentieth century the Irish Republican Army (IRA) in its various incarnations have used the tactic of infrastructural bombing, notably in their 1939 attacks in England on electricity pylons and in the summer of 1971 in Northern Ireland on its electrical distribution network. In 1996 the British Security Service (MI5) foiled an attack by the IRA aimed at causing a total electrical blackout of the greater London area, a plan that would have seen major disruption in the capital for many weeks or months. Using recently declassified material this paper seeks to re-evaluate the impact of these IRA infrastructural sabotage campaigns that have until now either been ignored or judged to have been derisory or incongruous failures. This paper demonstrates the historical development of this tactic from both the IRA's perspective, and that of those who were tasked with hindering it, highlighting the devastating potential of such tactics in the future.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/829/1/829%20-%20Sabotage%20Draft%20article%20Nov08%20Draft%20Tony%20Craig.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Taylor and Francis</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02684527.2010.489781</dc:relation><dc:source>1743-9019</dc:source><dc:subject>V200</dc:subject><dc:subject>V300</dc:subject><dc:title>Sabotage! The origins, development and impact of the IRA’s infrastructural bombing campaigns 1939-1997.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>CRAIG, Tony</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02684527.2010.489781</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:812
Date: 2017-05-09

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:812</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-05-09T15:57:52Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>In 2008 the global older population (aged 65 and over) was estimated to be about 7% of the world’s population; it is estimated to reach 2 billion by 2050 accounting for 22% of the world total population. This demographic trend sets new challenges to health services and policies, and imposes a significant financial and social burden on economies as a whole. The decline in musculoskeletal system in the aging population is the biggest cause of injury death in older people who require effective physiotherapy treatment. However the current demand for physiotherapists outstrips current supply. To address this problem this paper described an innovative approach which consists of a screening risk assessment of the elderly which can be combined with a case based reasoning system to support physiotherapist in managing the care of the elderly following a fall. Although the study is based on a small cohort of the Thai population it is believed that this approach can address the shortage of physiotherapists and bring a significant improvement in the health care of older people.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>09574174</dc:source><dc:subject>G400</dc:subject><dc:subject>G500</dc:subject><dc:title>Fall-risk screening system framework for physiotherapy care of elderly</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>RUEANGSIRARAK, W.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>ATKINS, Anthony</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>SHARP, Bernadette</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>CHAKPITAK, N</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>MEKSAMOOT, K.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2012</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2012.02.023</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:735
Date: 2017-05-08

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:735</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-05-08T14:36:17Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The importance of trunk movement in human gait has been established by many studies. However, these investigations have examined trunk/pelvis motion or the pelvic/thoracic motion in isolation to lower limb kinematics. Studies quantifying spinal deformities and the range of spinal and trunkal movement have concentrated on spinal/back movement, with the subject performing tasks, such as flexion, while maintaining a static position. There is also a paucity of data detailing the real relative motion between the back and lower limb during gait, an important consideration when testing the Nottingham 'flag-pole' hypothesis for spinal curvature generation. Research into the use of opto-electronic gait analysis systems to measure dynamic back movements has shown the capability of these systems in producing repeatable patterns of back movements. While using a motion analysis system, if a relationship between the spinal movement and lower limb kinematics could be established, such a relationship would provide a new opportunity for range of movement studies in conditions like scoliosis. Furthermore, establishing such a relationship would allow investigation into the influence of one segment over another during locomotion. This present study has examined the movement of markers placed on the back and pelvis, used in three-dimensional opto-electronic systems for gait studies, in relation to the markers placed on the lower limbs. The results of a pilot study have highlighted relative movements between various segments in simple tasks like flexion, lateral bending and negotiating steps, which have implications for spinal deformity generation. The findings also demonstrate the points to be considered in order to define dynamic trunk and spinal movement. Further ongoing studies are being undertaken to validate the findings.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>Studies in health technology and informatics</dc:source><dc:subject>A900</dc:subject><dc:subject>B800</dc:subject><dc:subject>B900</dc:subject><dc:subject>C600</dc:subject><dc:title>Examination of relative movement between the back and lower limb.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Chockalingam, N.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dangerfield, P.H.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Giakas, G.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dorgan, J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>COCHRANE, Thomas</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2002</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:733
Date: 2017-05-08

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      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:733</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-05-08T14:36:56Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Various investigations into anatomical landmarks that could be employed in spine and back surface measurement have highlighted the usefulness of the spinous processes of the vertebra and the posterior superior iliac spines of the pelvis. Earlier studies used an opto-electronic gait analysis system to examine the motion of skin markers and compared results with similar inter-vertebral movement recorded through radiographs. Consistent patterns of movement suggested a relationship between spinal and back surface motion. Further investigations into the use of opto-electronic gait analysis systems to measure dynamic back movements showed the capability of producing repeatable patterns of back movements. However, these studies, mainly measuring the range of movement (ROM) of spine, have not examined the effects of marker placements. While most ROM studies concentrate on stationary repetitive flexion/extension and bending movements, spinal ROM during walking and in scoliosis has not been widely reported. Spinal range of motion is an important indicator of spinal function and is used in the determination of disability and compensation. The present study has evaluated the placement of markers on the back and pelvis, used in three-dimensional opto-electronic systems for gait and movement studies. Various marker configurations have been compared and reported. The findings highlight the drawbacks of previously reported techniques, and particularly indicate that skin movement can adversely affect findings. However, the results confirm the feasibility of application of this technique to investigate dynamic trunk and spinal movement in both normal and deformed spines.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>Studies in health technology and informatics</dc:source><dc:subject>A900</dc:subject><dc:subject>B800</dc:subject><dc:subject>B900</dc:subject><dc:subject>C600</dc:subject><dc:title>Study of marker placements in the back for opto-electronic motion analysis.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Chockalingam, N.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dangerfield, P.H.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Giakas, G.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>COCHRANE, Thomas</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2002</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:729
Date: 2017-05-08

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      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:729</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-05-08T14:35:15Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Although the causes and progression of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) are still unclear, a recent extensive review has indicated a number of possible aetiological factors. Previous investigations, employing gait measurements, have indicated asymmetries in the ground reaction forces and suggest a relationship between these asymmetries, neurological dysfunction and spinal deformity. Using a strain-gauge force platform, the present study has examined the time-domain parameters of various components of the ground reaction force together with impulse. Symmetry indices (SI) between left and right sides have also been estimated. The results show that the patients with a left compensatory curve had a greater SI for a left-side impulse, whilst subjects with little or no compensation had a greater right-side impulse. This indicates that a possible gait compensation is occurring, so that the subjects compensate on the opposite pelvis/lower limb to that of the curve. While indicating the asymmetries between left and right, the results also serve to high-light the value of using kinetic parameters in developing the understanding of the pathogenesis and aetiology of scoliosis. © Springer-Verlag 2004.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>European Spine Journal</dc:source><dc:subject>A900</dc:subject><dc:subject>B800</dc:subject><dc:subject>B900</dc:subject><dc:subject>C600</dc:subject><dc:title>Assessment of ground reaction force during scoliotic gait</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Chockalingam, N.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dangerfield, P.H.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Rahmatalla, A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ahmed, E.-N.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>COCHRANE, Thomas</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:711
Date: 2017-02-06

RIOXX

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RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:711</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-02-06T12:39:13Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>BACKGROUND: Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine. While AIS can progress during growth and cause a surface deformity, it is usually not symptomatic. However, in adulthood, if the final spinal curvature surpasses a certain critical threshold, the risk of health problems and curve progression is increased. Braces are traditionally recommended to stop curvature progression in some countries and criticized in others. They generally need to be worn full time, with treatment extending over years. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of bracing in adolescent patients with AIS. SEARCH STRATEGY: The following databases (up to July 2008) were searched with no language limitations: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE (from January 1966), EMBASE (from January 1980), CINHAL (from January 1982) and reference lists of articles. An extensive handsearch of the grey literature was also conducted. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials and prospective cohort studies comparing braces with no treatment, other treatment, surgery, and different types of braces. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently assessed trial quality and extracted data. MAIN RESULTS: We included two studies. There was very low quality evidence from one prospective cohort study with 286 girls that a brace curbed curve progression at the end of growth (success rate 74 (95 CI: 52 to 84)), better than observation (success rate 34 (95 CI:16 to 49)) and electrical stimulation (success rate 33 (95 CI:12 to 60)). There is low quality evidence from one RCT with 43 girls that a rigid brace is more successful than an elastic one (SpineCor) at curbing curve progression when measured in Cobb degrees, but there were no significant differences between the two groups in the subjective perception of daily difficulties associated with wearing the brace. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: There is very low quality evidence in favour of using braces, making generalization very difficult. Further research could change the actual results and our confidence in them; in the meantime, patients' choices should be informed by multidisciplinary discussion. Future research should focus on short and long-term patient-centred outcomes, in addition to measures such as Cobb angles. RCTs and prospective cohort studies should follow both the Scoliosis Resarch Society (SRS) and Society on Scoliosis Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Treatment (SOSORT) criteria for bracing studies.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online)</dc:source><dc:subject>A900</dc:subject><dc:subject>B800</dc:subject><dc:subject>B900</dc:subject><dc:subject>C600</dc:subject><dc:title>Braces for idiopathic scoliosis in adolescents. (version 2)</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Negrini, S.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Minozzi, S.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bettany-Saltikov, J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Zaina, F.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Chockalingam, N.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Grivas, T.B.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kotwicki, T.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Maruyama, T.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Romano, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Vasiliadis, E.S.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2010</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:682
Date: 2017-10-04

RIOXX

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:682</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-10-04T10:41:49Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>There are assumptions that leg length discrepancy (LLD) may cause low back pain by creating pelvis obliquity and lumbar scoliosis. Although individuals with LLD develop compensatory movements in the lower limbs and pelvis during walking, few investigations have attempted to identify kinematic variables of the upper body. This study aims to gain an understanding of how simulated LLD influences three-dimensional motion of the pelvis and spine. Seven male participants were required to walk barefoot at a preferred speed. Three LLD conditions (1, 2, and 3cm) were simulated using modified pieces of high density EVA attached to the right foot. An optoelectronic motion analysis system was used to record kinematic data of the pelvis and spine (lumbar, lower and upper thoracic segments) for each condition. Differences in range of motion and patterns of movement for the pelvis and lumbar spine were minimal between barefoot and LLD conditions. These observations could be attributed to various kinematic compensatory strategies within the lower limbs which require further in-depth investigation. © 2012 The authors and IOS Press. All rights reserved.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>Studies in Health Technology and Informatics</dc:source><dc:subject>A900</dc:subject><dc:subject>B800</dc:subject><dc:subject>B900</dc:subject><dc:subject>C600</dc:subject><dc:title>The effect of leg length discrepancy on pelvis and spine kinematics during gait</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>NEEDHAM, Robert</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Chockalingam, N.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dunning, D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Healy, A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ahmed, E.B.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ward, A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2012</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:681
Date: 2017-10-04

RIOXX

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:681</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-10-04T10:42:20Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Optoelectronic motion capture technology is a useful tool in the quantitative dynamic assessment of the spine. In a clinical setting this may help gain a further understanding of underlining musculoskeletal pathology. It is therefore important that accurate measurements are made to allow data to be comparable across various investigations. This report outlines a new multi-segment spinal model and its validation. A mechanical model consisting of an upper thoracic (UT), lower thoracic and lumbar segment was developed allowing for range of motion assessment. An electrogoniometer and torsiometer were attached to the model to provide a control measurement. The UT segment was chosen for analysis and static trials were collected at angles ranging from 2-45°. Kinematic data was captured using an optoelectronic motion capture system. Software computed angles corresponded well with the control measure. While highlighting the differences in the estimation of angles between software platforms, this study emphasizes the need for the clear description and understanding of the kinematic model used. © 2012 The authors and IOS Press. All rights reserved.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>Studies in Health Technology and Informatics</dc:source><dc:subject>A900</dc:subject><dc:subject>B800</dc:subject><dc:subject>B900</dc:subject><dc:subject>C600</dc:subject><dc:title>Validation of a multi-segment spinal model for kinematic analysis and a comparison of different data processing techniques</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>NEEDHAM, Robert</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Chockalingam, Nachiappan</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Naemi, R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Shannon, T.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Healy, A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2012</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:512
Date: 2017-05-08

RIOXX

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RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:512</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-05-08T15:10:05Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>In 2004 the Schwartz Review advised English higher education institutions that their admissions systems should: be transparent; select students who are able to complete their courses based upon achievements and potential; use assessment methods that are reliable and valid; minimise barriers to applicants; be professional; and be underpinned by appropriate institutional structures and processes. These five principles were only expressed as recommendations, reflecting the reluctance of policy makers to interfere with individual higher education institutions' admissions policies. This article analyses the results of research that reviewed the progress that English higher education institutions had made in implementing the Schwartz recommendations and assess whether a more interventionist stance is required to achieve ‘fair admissions’.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Blackwell Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>09515224</dc:source><dc:subject>X900</dc:subject><dc:title>Achieving ‘Transparency, Consistency and Fairness’ in English Higher Education Admissions: Progress since Schwartz?</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>ADNETT, Nick</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>McCaig, Colin</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>SLACK, Kim</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bowers-Brown, Tamsin</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2010</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2273.2010.00468.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:451
Date: 2017-04-19

RIOXX

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:451</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-04-19T11:18:28Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7374617475733D707562</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Exercise is considered an important means of improving bone health and preventing osteoporosis. Brief bouts of simple exercises may be useful for aiding lifestyle compliance to physical activity. The aim of this study was to review the evidence on the effect of brief, high-impact exercise on bone health among premenopausal women. Methods: A structured and comprehensive search of databases was undertaken along with hand-searching of key journals and reference lists to locate relevant studies published and unpublished up to January 2011. Six randomised controlled trials met predetermined inclusion criteria. Brief high-impact exercises (&lt;30min) were examined for their effect on bone mineral density (BMD) among premenopausal women. Trial quality was assessed using the Effective Public Health Practice Project quality assessment tool. Study outcomes for analysis, absolute change (g/cm2) or relative change (%) in BMD at femoral neck, trochanter and lumbar spine were compared by calculating standardised mean difference (SMD) using fixed and random-effects models. Results: Quality scores of included trials varied from medium to high on a scale of one to three. Brief bouts of exercise led to significant increases in femoral neck BMD (SMD=0.64, 95% CI=0.38, 0.90, overall effect Z-value=4.84, p=0.001); a modest increase in trochanteric BMD (SMD=0.36, 95% CI=0.10, 0.61, Z-value=2.08, p=0.04); and no increase in spinal BMD (SMD=0.04, 95% CI=-0.23, 0.31, Z-value=0.26, p=0.79). Conclusion: Based on the meta-analysis, brief high-impact exercise improves BMD at the hip but not at the lumbar spine.  Effectiveness of this form of exercise as a lifestyle physical activity for prevention of osteoporosis should be explored further in larger populations.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer Verlag</dc:publisher><dc:source>0937-941X</dc:source><dc:subject>C600</dc:subject><dc:title>A meta-analysis of brief high-impact exercises for enhancing bone health in premenopausal women</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>BABATUNDE, Opeyemi</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>FORSYTH, Jacky</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>GIDLOW, Christopher</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2012</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00198-011-1801-0</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:450
Date: 2017-04-19

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      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:450</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-04-19T11:18:51Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The utility of Quantitative Ultrasound (QUS) for assessing and monitoring changes in bone health due to exercise is limited for lack of adequate research evidence. Restrictions to bone density testing and the enduring debate over repeat dual energy absorptiometry testing spells uncertainty over clinical and non-clinical evaluation of exercise for prevention of osteoporosis. This study, via systematic review and meta-analysis, aimed to paint a portrait of current evidence regarding QUS’ application to monitoring bone’s adaptive response to exercise interventions. Methods: Structured and comprehensive search of databases was undertaken along with hand-searching of key journals and reference lists to locate relevant studies published up to December 2011. Twelve articles met predetermined inclusion criteria.  The effect of exercise interventions for improving bone health, as measured by QUS of the calcaneum, was examined across the age spectrum. Study outcomes for analysis: absolute (dB/MHz) or relative change (%) in broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) and/or os calcis stiffness index were compared by calculating standardised mean difference (SMD) using fixed- and random-effects models. Results: Quality of included trials varied from low to high on a scale of one to three. Four to 36 months of exercise led to a significant improvement in calcaneum BUA (0.98 SMD, 95% CI 0.80, 1.16, overall effect Z-value=10.72, p=0.001) across the age spectrum. Conclusion: The meta-analysis attest to the sensitivity of QUS to exercise-induced changes in bone health across the age groups. QUS may be considered for use in exercise-based bone health interventions for preventing osteoporosis.&#13;
Key words: QUS* BUA* exercise * osteoporosis* prevention*meta-analysis</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>87563282</dc:source><dc:subject>C600</dc:subject><dc:title>Quantitative Ultrasound and bone's response to exercise: A meta analysis</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>BABATUNDE, Opeyemi</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>FORSYTH, Jacky</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2013</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2012.12.011</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:421
Date: 2017-05-08

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      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:421</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-05-08T15:18:48Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The analysis of the electrocardiogram as a diagnostic tool is a relatively old field and it is therefore often assumed that the ECG is a simple signal that has been fully explored. However, there remain difficult problems in this field that are being incrementally solved with advances in techniques from the fields of filtering, pattern recognition, and classification, together with the leaps in computational power and memory capacity that have occurred over the last couple of decades. While the ECG is routinely used to diagnose arrhythmias, it reflects an integrated signal and cannot provide information on the micro-spatial scales of cells and ionic channels. For this reason, the field of computational cardiac modeling and simulation has grown over the last decade. The aim of this paper is by using a novel system to develop methods to analyze and detect small changes in ECG waves and complexes that indicate cardiac diseases and disorders</dc:description><dc:format>image/jpeg</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/421/1/Development.JPG</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>CISST'10 Proceedings of the 4th WSEAS international conference on Circuits, systems, signal and telecommunications</dc:source><dc:subject>H100</dc:subject><dc:subject>H600</dc:subject><dc:subject>H900</dc:subject><dc:title>Development of a novel system to analyse and detect small changes in ECG signals that indicate cardiac disorders</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>KALOVREKTIS, KONSTANTINOS</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>GANETSOS, THEODORE</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>SHAMMAS, Noel</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>TAYLOR, Ian</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>ANDONOPOULOS, John</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2010-01-27</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:402
Date: 2017-07-06

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      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:402</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-07-06T08:56:57Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0141-1926</dc:source><dc:subject>X900</dc:subject><dc:title>White British; dual heritage; British Muslim: young Britons' conceptualisation of identity and citizenship</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>BASIT, Tehmina</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2009</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01411920802688747</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:397
Date: 2017-07-06

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:397</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-07-06T08:56:36Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0305-4985</dc:source><dc:subject>X900</dc:subject><dc:title>Playing the role of ‘cultural expert’: teachers of ethnic difference in Britain and Australia</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>BASIT, Tehmina</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Santoro, Ninetta</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2011</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03054985.2010.521621</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:372
Date: 2017-05-04

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:372</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-05-04T11:29:19Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Objective: To explore the relative importance of the perceived physical and social neighbourhood environment for physical and mental health. Methods: A representative random sample of adults was recruited from 10 areas across Stoke-on-Trent, UK (June-September 2007). Interview-administered surveys were used to record data on the perceived neighbourhood environment (physical and social), self-reported health, and socio-demographics. Multiple regression analysis was used to explore independent associations between environmental factors and physical and mental health. Results: Independent physical and social environmental factors respectively explained 6.0% and 3.2% of variability in physical health and 2.8% and 4.4% of variability in mental health. Diversity of land use was the strongest and only physical environmental predictor of physical health (Beta=0.27, p&lt;0.001), explaining more variability than social environmental factors combined. Conversely, social support was the most important (and only) social environmental factor for mental health (Beta=-0.20, p&lt;0.001); again, this explained more variability in mental health than the combined effect of four physical environmental predictors. Conclusion: Perceived physical and social environmental characteristics were important for physical and mental health, independent of socio-demographic factors. Living in neighbourhoods with greater land use diversity appears particularly important for physical health, whereas social support appears more closely linked to mental health.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>0091 7435</dc:source><dc:subject>B900</dc:subject><dc:title>Relative importance of physical and social aspects of perceived neighbourhood environment for self-reported health</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>GIDLOW, Christopher</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>COCHRANE, Thomas</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Davey, Rachel C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>SMITH, Graham</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>FAIRBURN, Jonathan</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2010.05.006</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:194
Date: 2017-06-08

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:eprints.staffs.ac.uk:194</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-06-08T13:30:51Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Objectives: Historically, the youth sport emotional response literature focused mainly on stress and&#13;
enjoyment. Although research on these emotional responses has been significant, no systematic&#13;
examination of these responses from a developmental perspective has been undertaken and therefore,&#13;
developmental influence and implications for competitive youth sport are largely unknown. To begin to&#13;
address this issue, the present study examined the developmental progression of sources of enjoyment&#13;
among youth sport participants.&#13;
Design: A multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was used to examine the developmental&#13;
differences in sources of enjoyment among younger (under 11 years) and older (over 11 years) children&#13;
participating in individual and team sports.&#13;
Methods: Participants (n = 152) aged 8–15 years were categorized into groups of younger and older&#13;
children based on underlying cognitive-developmental criteria. Self-report measures of enjoyment, sources&#13;
of enjoyment, perceived sport competence, and task and ego goal orientation were recorded.&#13;
Results: Older children reported significantly greater enjoyment and other-referenced competency and&#13;
recognition than younger children. Although all sources of enjoyment predicted enjoyment among younger&#13;
children, no single source added a unique proportion of variance to the model. Competitive excitement&#13;
(CE) and other-referenced competency and recognition significantly predicted enjoyment among older&#13;
children. Team sport participants reported significantly greater self-referenced competency (SRC),&#13;
affiliation with peers (AP), competitive excitement (CE), positive parental involvement (PPI) and&#13;
enjoyment compared with individual sport participants. Finally, aligned with previous research, task&#13;
orientation and perceived competence significantly predicted enjoyment.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>14690292</dc:source><dc:subject>C800</dc:subject><dc:title>Understanding enjoyment in youth sport: A developmental perspective</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>McCarthy, Paul J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>JONES, Marc</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>CLARK-CARTER, David</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2008</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2007.01.005</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>

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