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ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:283
Date: 2016-10-04

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Teachers of another language, many of whom are bilingual and bicultural, have had to think about relationships with and attitudes towards the country (ies) or communities where the other language is spoken. By constantly interacting with that language and culture they often think and act 'comparatively' without, in most instances, articulating their views in a formal manner. Such notions are particularly complex in the Anglo-German context. The research project described here aimed to find out if native speakers of German have different attitudes towards their own and the other culture than native speakers of English who teach German as a second language. To what extent do personal biographies influence language teaching in the classroom? What does the concept of citizenship mean to them in their personal and professional lives? These are some of the issues the paper sets out to explore. &#13;
</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1469-3623</dc:source><dc:title>Precarious relationships: perceptions of culture and citizenship among teachers of German</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Arthur, Lore</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2002-03-01</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03057920120116544</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:282
Date: 2016-10-04

RIOXX

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dc:identifierMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dc:identifier - found 0 values

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
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rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:282</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-10-04T09:42:17Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>The research project reported here arose out of questions we had in relation to time pressures, increasingly heavy workloads and concerns that we were, it seemed to us, neglecting our families and friends. We kept on asking ourselves: how do people manage? Open University students, for example, most of whom are working full-time, have families and friends, often study more than 14 hours a week on various programmes for either work-related purposes or personal development. How meaningful, therefore, is the concept of lifelong learning to adults in the context of everyday reality? Does the policy-led demand for lifelong learning not place too heavy a burden on individual learners? What does the concept of 'time' mean to them? This paper draws on theoretical perspectives of time (rather than space and time) in relation to lifelong learning in the context of work, seen from both the employees' and the employers' perspectives.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Studies in the Education of Adults</dc:publisher><dc:source>0266-0830</dc:source><dc:title>Too little time to learn?: Issues and challenges for those in work</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Arthur, Lore</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Tait, Alan</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:281
Date: 2016-10-04

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
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RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:281</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-10-04T09:42:17Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Publisher's description:&#13;
Providing an overview of all major topics within the field of educational management, with newly commissioned material from major authors, this book reviews relevant theory, explains relevant research and provides an unrivalled overview of educational management from an international perspective.&#13;
&#13;
</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Paul Chapman Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>0-7619-4791-4</dc:source><dc:title>Resource acquisition and allocation</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Anderson, Lesley</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:contributor>Bush, Tony</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Bell, Les A.</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:publication_date>2002-06-06</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Book chapter</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:280
Date: 2016-10-04

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is not a valid RIOXX record
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dc:identifierMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dc:identifier - found 0 values

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:280</identifier>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Sage Publications</dc:publisher><dc:source>0761940596</dc:source><dc:title>A leadership approach to managing people and teams in education</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Anderson, Lesley</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:contributor>Kydd, Lesley</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Newton, Wendy</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Anderson, Lesley</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:publication_date>2002-11-12</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Book chapter</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:279
Date: 2016-10-04

RIOXX

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RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:279</identifier>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This volume provides insights into effective strategic management as a major contribution towards educational transformation in the new South Africa. Through a mix of theory and school-based practice, and drawing on wide research, it offers syntheses of educational management theory and examples of practice taken from South Africa’s schools. Contains sections on: The Context of Education Management in South Africa; The Management of Schools; Theory and Practice in Educational Management; Organisational Structure; Organisational Culture; Transforming Schools - Managing the Change Process; School Effectiveness and School Improvement; Quality Assurance and Accountability; Theories of Leadership; Leadership and Roles; Strategic Management and Planning; Development Planning.&#13;
</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>London Commonwealth Secretariat</dc:publisher><dc:source>0-85092-726-9</dc:source><dc:title>Organisational culture</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bush, Tony</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Anderson, Lesley</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:contributor>Coleman, Marianne</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Bush, Tony</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Thurlow, Michael</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Book chapter</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:278
Date: 2016-10-04

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is not a valid RIOXX record
PropertyError
dc:identifierMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dc:identifier - found 0 values

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
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PropertyError
rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:278</identifier>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Examines the relationship between leadership and management to improvement within educational institutions&#13;
Sets the interactions of educational institutions within their external environment at local, national and global levels considers the theme of site based management for educational institutions, linked to improvement&#13;
explores the ways in which management and leadership can contribute to learning for all - students, teachers, educational leaders and managers. Inclusion of international case studies and examples. This edited text provides an international perspective on leadership and management roles and their relationship to improvement within educational institutions. The interactions of educational institutions are examined at local, national and global levels with case studies and examples being drawn from many countries in Europe, Asia and Africa. &#13;
Two main themes are explored. The first is the move to site based management for educational institutions, linked to improvement. The second investigates the idea of learning for all and explores the ways in which leadership and management can contribute towards the development and enhancement of student learning, staff development and institutional growth. The authors, who are mainly drawn from the Institute of Education, University of London, make full use of the whole range of international literature relating to educational leadership, management and administration providing a textbook for masters-level students.&#13;
Readership: Postgraduate students taking leadership in education modules on Education programmes or studying full Leadership in Education Masters and EdD courses.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Oxford University Press</dc:publisher><dc:source>0199268576</dc:source><dc:title>Decentralization, autonomy and school improvement</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Anderson, Lesley</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:contributor>Coleman, Marianne</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Earley, Peter</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004-11-25</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Book chapter</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:277
Date: 2016-10-04

RIOXX

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RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
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<record>
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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:277</identifier>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Managing Finance, Resources and Stakeholders in Education provides readers with knowledge and understanding of the theory and practice of managing finance, resources and stakeholders in schools and colleges. Written specifically for those studying for an academic qualification at masters level in educational management, it provides self-study material and links to other key texts in the field.&#13;
&#13;
&#13;
The authors deal with the links between finance, resources and stakeholders in the context of school and college self-management. Examples are drawn from international settings as well as from the United Kingdom. Building on an examination of theoretical perspectives, practical considerations and applications are examined in a format, which encourages the reader to explore the context of their own educational institution. &#13;
</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Sage Publications</dc:publisher><dc:source>0761972587</dc:source><dc:title>Managing finance, resources and stakeholders in education</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Anderson, Lesley</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Briggs, Ann R.J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Burton, Neil</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2001-10-25</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Book</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:276
Date: 2016-10-04

RIOXX

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RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:276</identifier>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>In 1998, the Labour Government instituted the School Standards and Framework Act which abolished Grant Maintained (GM) schools and introduced three new categories of school: community, voluntary and foundation. The latter two were to have much of the autonomy of GM schools, particularly with respect to admissions. This article reports on the findings of a study which gathered the perceptions of heads, governors and senior staff about admissions issues in 11 foundation schools after their first full term in their new status.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1363-2434</dc:source><dc:title>Foundation schools and admissions: the local dimension</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Wise, Christine</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Anderson, Lesley</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bush, Tony</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2001-11</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13632430120108925</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:274
Date: 2016-10-04

RIOXX

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RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1464-0899</dc:source><dc:title>Renewing Partnerships in Education: Heads' reflections on Foundation Schools and LEAs</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Anderson, Lesley</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bush, Tony</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Wise, C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2001</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:273
Date: 2016-10-04

RIOXX

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RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>In the light of central government rhetoric of partnerships in educational provision, and the recent redefinition of schools’ relationships with local authorities, this article explores the perceptions of six chief education officers of the formal relationships that currently exist between them. The CEOs interviewed were drawn from different types of LEAs, some of which had seen high levels of ‘opting out’ by their secondary schools and some of which had had very low levels. They saw the concept of partnership as problematic, raising significant questions about the extent to which their organizations, constrained by formal accountability relationships and externally created codes of practice, could discharge their responsibilities as partnerships. It is suggested that the concept of partnership needs further clarification and precision if it is to be used in describing relationships between schools and their LEAs. </dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1741-1440</dc:source><dc:title>Control, Autonomy and Partnership in Local Education: Views from Six Chief Education Officers</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bennett, Nigel</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Harvey, Janet A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Anderson, Lesley</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1741143204041885</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:272
Date: 2016-10-04

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:272</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-10-04T09:42:15Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1573-1812</dc:source><dc:title>School-LEA Partnerships: recipe for success, or chimera?</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bennett, Nigel</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Anderson, Lesley</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005-03</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10833-004-7779-z</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:271
Date: 2016-10-04

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:271</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-10-04T09:42:15Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This paper takes as its starting point the special provision made for grant maintained schools through the 1998 School Standards and Framework Act and suggests that the compromise it represented may be considered as an example of New Labour's 'Third Way' in politics. The latter is discussed in terms of general and educational policies with specific regard to the characteristics of self-governing schools.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0007-1005</dc:source><dc:title>A ‘Third Way’ towards self-governing schools?: New Labour and opting out</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Anderson, Lesley</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2001-03</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8527.t01-1-00163</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:270
Date: 2016-10-04

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:270</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-10-04T09:42:15Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This article discusses some preliminary results of an ongoing investigation into the development of intercultural competence in the context of distance language teaching and learning. A search for appropriate practical approaches led us to the design of an on-line pilot course, the main objective of which was to develop intercultural competence through translation activities. The course involved English speakers learning Spanish. Our conclusions suggest that since translation tasks involve the negotiation of a meeting point between two cultures, they can be used as a didactic means to facilitate students' encounter with the concepts, ideas, values and attitudes of others and demand a revision of their own. Therefore, we propose that translation could be recovered for general language courses to play a meaningful role in the development of students' intercultural competence. </dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>British Journal of Educational Studies. Vol 49</dc:publisher><dc:source>0790-8318</dc:source><dc:title>Translation skills for intercultural purposes: An on-line course for non-specialist learners of Spanish</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Beaven, Tita</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Álvarez, Inma</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:269
Date: 2016-10-04

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:269</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-10-04T09:42:14Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0308-4957</dc:source><dc:title>Consideraciones sobre la contribución de los ordenadores en el aprendizaje de lenguas extranjeras</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Álvarez, I</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:268
Date: 2016-10-04

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:268</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-10-04T09:42:14Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Over the past few years, the Open University (OU) has been involved in the development of a Spanish programme geared to students who want to learn the language at distance. The task has been a challenge not only because of the obvious difficulties that learning a language at a distance poses, but also because Spanish is a language spoken in three continents, by 21 countries and by at least as many cultures. The teaching of culture is therefore at the core of the development of the OU Spanish courses. It is an integral part of the syllabus, the writing of the materials and the development of strategies that will enable students to interact effectively in a multicultural setting. This paper will explore the main issues relating to the development of a language programme that gives equal importance to linguistic and cultural content, and will exemplify what the OU Spanish team has done in an attempt to address such issues.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>CiLT Publications</dc:publisher><dc:source>1902031873</dc:source><dc:title>Strategies for the development of multicultural competence in language learning</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Álvarez, Inma</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Garrido, Cecilia</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:contributor>Coleman, James A.</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Ferney, Derrik</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Head, David</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Rix, Rob</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:publication_date>2001-06</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Book chapter</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:267
Date: 2017-08-21

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:267</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-08-21T07:46:56Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This article examines the important issue of stress in collaborative e-learning, and how it can be eliminated or minimised through appropriate design and support. The authors explore these issues mainly based on evidence from students in an Open University Business School (OUBS) course, and they also link their findings to previous research and similar concerns in other areas, like on-line collaboration in and across businesses and teleworking.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/267/1/issue1-art15-lawless-allen.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1479-4403</dc:source><dc:title>Understanding and reducing stress in collaborative e-learning</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Lawless, Naomi</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Allan, John</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004-02</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:266
Date: 2016-10-04

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:266</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-10-04T09:42:13Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>On-line collaboration is becoming increasingly common in education and in organisations. It was believed that this could in itself cause stress for collaborators. An analysis of on-line learning diaries, phone interviews and questionnaires indicated that on-line collaboration could cause stress, and this stress was linked to the dependency of the collaborators on each other, and the level of their mutual trust. Stress could be designed out of on-line collaborative exercises through management of the on-line working processes. The trend in both education and management towards increased on-line working and collaboration indicates that further research needs to be carried out into finding how to reduce stress from this cause.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0040-0912</dc:source><dc:title>Stress caused by on-line collaboration in e-learning: a developing model</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Allan, John</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Lawless, Naomi</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003-08</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/00400910310508955</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:265
Date: 2016-10-04

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This paper addresses the somewhat neglected topic of envy and its relationship to education and social inequality in Britain. Drawing on the work of Rawls, Runciman and Crosland, the paper proposes a distinction between envy as a vice and 'justified resentment' aroused by perceived injustices in the social distribution of primary goods, including education. Various pejorative uses of the term 'the politics of envy' in UK politics are examined. The conditions necessary for a politics of justified resentment are then analysed. Current developments in higher education in the UK are discussed with reference to signs of the emergence of new social resentments among the relatively highly educated. Prospects for a wider politics of justified resentment are assessed in relation to a range of emergent policies and priorities of New Labour in government.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0007-1005</dc:source><dc:title>Education and the Politics of Envy</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Ahier, John</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Beck, John</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003-12-01</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1467-8527.2003.00242.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:264
Date: 2016-10-04

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Publisher's 'About the Book':  &#13;
Following the introduction of student loans and tuition fees, the situation of students and new graduates has changed considerably. Set in this context, Graduate Citizens is a thought-provoking, and insightful look at the current generation of students' attitudes towards citizenship and matters of social and moral responsibility.&#13;
Drawing on small-scale case studies of students in two universities, the authors explore students' changing sense of citizenship against the backdrop of recent changes in higher education. It addresses students' approaches to being in debt, the role of their families in providing support and their attitudes towards careers. Questioning the claim that the current generation of students is politically apathetic, this book shows that they are in fact socially concerned with, though distant from, official, mainstream politics. It investigates students' responses to such political and economic phenomena as globalisation and the ever-increasing promotion of market forces.&#13;
Graduate Citizens illuminates and explores the links between reforms in higher education, student experience of university and issues of citizenship. It poses questions about the condition and future of citizenship in Britain and discusses the implications for citizenship education. &#13;
</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Routledge</dc:publisher><dc:source>0415257220</dc:source><dc:title>Graduate Citizens</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Ahier, J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Beck, J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Moore, R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2002-10-24</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Book</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:263
Date: 2017-02-07

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:263</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-02-07T11:16:32Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>This paper describes a research project into undergraduates’ use of a software tool to learn symbolic logic—a complex abstract domain that has been shown to be intimidating for students. The software allows the students to manipulate proofs in certain ways and then calculates the consequences of their actions. A research method has been developed that allowed students’ use of this tool to be modelled, and this model was then used to identify, refine and create visual cues that provide support for students’ reasoning. The focus of this paper is the role of the software as an artefact to aid students’ visualisation of reasoning processes rather than the logic itself. The main mechanisms by which this visualisation is supported are the imposition of constraints on the actions available and the demonstration to students of the consequences of their actions. The study shows that the software encouraged experimentation with different routes to a proof, and constituted a challenge to fixated reasoning.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1467-8535</dc:source><dc:title>Software that assists learning within a complex abstract domain: the use of constraint and consequentiality as learning mechanisms</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Aczel, James</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Fung, Pat</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bornat, Richard</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Oliver, Martin</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>O'Shea, Tim</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Sufrin, Bernard</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003-11</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.0007-1013.2003.00355.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:262
Date: 2017-02-09

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:262</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-02-09T23:59:29Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Although there is empirical evidence that visualisation tools can help students to learn formal subjects such as logic, and although particular strategies and conceptual difficulties have been identified, it has so far proved difficult to provide a general model of learning in this context that accounts for these findings in a systematic way. In this paper, four attempts at explaining the relative difficulty of formal concepts and the role of visualisation in this learning process are presented. These explanations draw on several existing theories, including Vygotsky's Zone of Proximal Development, Green's Cognitive Dimensions, the Popper-Campbell model of conjectural learning, and cognitive complexity.&#13;
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ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:174
Date: 2017-09-19

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:174</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-19T05:16:34Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The North Rupununi District in south-west Guyana is comprised of a mosaic of ecosystems, including savannas, wetlands and forests, and is home to the Makushi Amerindians, who depend on the waterways for their subsistence needs. With logging and mining seen as increasing threats to the region, it is necessary to look at methods for engaging stakeholders in monitoring the status of their natural resources. This paper presents the results of a pilot study carried out to investigate water use by the Makushi Amerindians, and collect baseline data on the hydro-morphological aspects of the waterways. Methods included informal interviews, the use of the River Habitat Survey (RHS), and water quality measurements. The results indicate the heavy reliance of the Makushi on the waterways for their daily lives, particularly on fishing. Although ponds and creeks are important sources of fish, the rivers provide much larger catches of a greater diversity of fish species, both in the wet and dry seasons. The physical characteristics of the water sources used by the Makushi are mainly associated with the surrounding habitat types: the savanna areas containing the more nutrient rich white-water rivers, and the tropical forest areas containing the less nutrient rich black-water rivers. This study indicates that at present there is no direct evidence of adverse impacts on the waterways used by the Makushi in terms of fish catches, habitat conditions and water quality. A monitoring scheme was set up using this study's outputs as a baseline from which any future changes can be compared. Further work is to be carried out over the next three years to produce monitoring and sustainable management procedures for the North Rupununi ecosystems, by linking the physical attributes of the environment to biodiversity and subsequently local livelihoods, and by building capacity of local stakeholders through training.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/174/1/Mistry_et_al-2004_Exploring_the_links.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0301-4797</dc:source><dc:title>Exploring the links between natural resource use and biophysical status in the waterways of the North Rupununi, Guyana</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Mistry, Jayalaxshmi</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Simpson, Matthews</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author id="http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3546-4916">Berardi, Andrea</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Sandy, Yung</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:project funder_name="Royal Geographical Society"/><rioxxterms:project funder_name="Royal Holloway, University of London"/><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004-09</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2004.03.010</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:173
Date: 2016-10-05

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:173</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-10-05T04:46:42Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The paper reports a reflective inquiry into the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) of systems-related courses developed and presented up to 1995 by the former Systems Department in the Open University, UK. The SWOT analysis is considered in the context of the "systems movement" in its broadest sense. Based on the OU experiences the institutional challenges of systems-as-discipline and interdiscipline are explored. Three strategies for the future are suggested: (i) the potential of Systems Departments to demonstrate rigorous and coherent interdisciplinarity; (ii) for systemists to work harder to bridge the divide between their espoused theory and theory in use, particularly in their own institutional settings and (iii) the need for a rigorous pedagogy for "systems practice."</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/173/1/SPAR_Ray_Ison_1.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1094-429X</dc:source><dc:title>Appreciating systems: critical reflections on the changing nature of systems as a discipline in a systems-learning society</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Maiteny, P.T.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ison, R.L.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2000-08</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1009549632626</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:172
Date: 2017-06-11

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      <datestamp>2017-06-11T05:28:28Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This issue of Systemic Practice and Action Research, celebrating the work of Peter Checkland, in the particular nature and development of soft systems methodology (SSM), would not have happened unless the work was seen by others as being important. No significant contribution to thinking happens without a secondary literature developing. Not surprisingly, many commentaries have accompanied the ongoing development of SSM. Some of these are insightful, some full of errors, and some include both insight and absurdity. Checkland (1999, p. A42) opines, in the recently published 30-year retrospective, that "SSM has been ill-served by its commentators." Scrutiny of the secondary literature on SSM provides support for this view and also identifies some general characteristics and trends that are important to the development of SSM and, incidentally, reinforces some existing conclusions.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/172/1/SPAR_holwell.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1094-429X</dc:source><dc:title>Soft systems methodology: other voices</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Holwell, Sue</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2000-12</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1026479529130</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:171
Date: 2017-09-22

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      <datestamp>2017-09-22T17:37:46Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>It is now often argued that society is steering with the wrong compass. Most decision-making processes are based on Gross Domestic Product (GDP), favouring economic options that generate its increase. GDP has long since been used as an indicator of economic performance, progress, and even welfare. Moreover, it is on the basis of GDP that countries are internationally 'ranked'.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/171/1/Sandrine_AlternativePolicyindicators.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Routledge</dc:publisher><dc:source>041520285X</dc:source><dc:title>Alternative policy indicators</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Simon, Sandrine</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:contributor>Barry, John</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Frankland, E. Gene</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:publication_date>2001</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Book chapter</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:170
Date: 2017-09-06

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The environmental problems generated by our consumer societies require immediate measures that respect the principles of long term sustainability. However, in response to the rising amount of wastes (on average, per capita arising municipal wastes increased by 26&#13;
between 1970 and the late 1980s in the OECD) various (mostly end-of-pipe) waste management strategies have been advocated, while a real questioning of what constitutes&#13;
'wastes' is still desperately needed.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/170/1/Sandrine_Recycling.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Routledge</dc:publisher><dc:source>041520285X</dc:source><dc:title>Recycling</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Simon, Sandrine</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:contributor>Barry, John</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Frankland, E. Gene</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:publication_date>2001</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Book chapter</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:167
Date: 2016-10-05

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      <datestamp>2016-10-05T10:39:08Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This article explores the impact of the new sustainability agenda on the occupational and professional needs of those who have taken educational and training programmes in the environmental field either at undergraduate or postgraduate level or through relevant professional institutions' continuing professional development programmes. It also describes a one-day workshop for the professionals on sustainable development, based on systems thinking and practice. The workshop provides a model for developing greater understanding and effective action in professional practice, by using dialogue and interprofessional learning to explore approaches to sustainability in a variety of business and professional contexts. It introduces the principles underpinning the concept of sustainability and provides tools to support the integration of sustainable development into professional practice and organisational change.&#13;
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</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/167/1/NY00004156_HPF_LO.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1094-429X</dc:source><dc:title>Sustainability, systems thinking and professional practice</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Martin, Stephen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005-04-12</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11213-005-4156-7</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:164
Date: 2017-09-05

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      <datestamp>2017-09-05T05:01:06Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This chapter relates the emerging focus on systems practice within the Systems Discipline at the Open University. Recent innovations have occurred in the changing environment of the University (Lane 1999), the higher education sector (Ison 1999) and the systems community more generally (Maiteny and Ison 2000).</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/164/1/isssCHAPT4.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Kluwer Academic</dc:publisher><dc:source>0306465868</dc:source><dc:title>Systems practice at the United Kingdom's Open University</dc:title><rioxxterms:author id="http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9191-119X">Ison, Raymond</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:contributor>Wilby, Jennifer</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Ragsdell, Gillian</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:publication_date>2001</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Book chapter</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:163
Date: 2017-09-25

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:163</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-25T12:26:45Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The role of education in helping our societies put sustainability into practice is crucial. The motivation, awareness and empowerment, necessary for citizens to understand the concept and take part in its operationalisation, ought to emerge from environmental education, since we might encounter some difficulty when trying to teach, or impose these notions in a theoretical way. In developing environmental courses, we therefore ought to progressively replace pedagogical approaches based on (relatively 'authoritarian') transfers of information with more interactive and collaborative learning processes: citizens' participation can start with the creation of communities of learners. This paper describes the construction of two web courses: a first level teaching module on environmental systems and a third level interdisciplinary environmental course, both developed at the Open University, specialised in distance and open learning. The themes of the course include participatory processes in decision-making, the perception and representation of environmental systems, alternative leadership, biodiversity, climate change and integrated water management, environmental action and governance. The concepts focused on include sustainability, complexity, uncertainty, globalisation and 'systemic problem solving'. In both courses, the overall pedagogical process is based on the notion of environmental governance. This means that the web has been chosen as a learning platform, because &#13;
- it provides various types of up to date information as well as archives,&#13;
- it allows various types of users to communicate between different countries, and also&#13;
- it encourages collaborative and interactive learning.&#13;
This paper describes the experience of the author in creating web environmental courses at the Open University. Components of the courses such as interactive activities are discussed, as well as the pedagogical focus progressively shifted towards more participatory processes of learning.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/163/1/Chapt7FromSandrineInBookTea.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Peter Lan Scientific Publishers</dc:publisher><dc:source>3-631-39837-9</dc:source><dc:title>Participatory online environmental education at the Open University UK</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Simon, Sandrine</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:contributor>Leal Filho, Walter</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:publication_date>2002</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Book chapter</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:162
Date: 2017-02-07

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:162</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-02-07T18:59:51Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>In this study we look at online tutor strategies for the support of students learning a second language with the help of a Web-based asynchronous textual conference. Our previous research has shown us that in such a conference environment, communicative activities can be mixed with reflective tasks, where students are encouraged to exchange reflections on the language being studied, and on their own learning experience. While we have found that such a mix can be beneficial for language learning, nevertheless there are further efforts to be made in persuading learners to integrate linguistic task completion with reflective work, in an interactive mode. Online tutors have an important role to play in furthering this aim, and in this study we look at the strategies used by three tutors who participated in a project with students of French at the Open University in 1998. First we propose a categorisation - according to message-type - of interactions found in the project's three conferences. Then we compare interactions in the three groups and, based on the pattern and content of tutor intervention, we distinguish between two main tutorial styles, which we associate with two different types of student behaviour, one more oriented towards communication, and the other more reflective. We conclude by suggesting ways in which tutors could support online learners in trying to integrate those learning approaches more closely.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/162/1/CALL__1999_article.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1744-3210</dc:source><dc:title>Supporting language students' interactions in Web-based conferencing</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Lamy, Marie-Noelle</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Goodfellow, Robin</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1999-12</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1076/call.12.5.457.5696</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:161
Date: 2017-09-01

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:161</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-01T05:28:44Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The purpose of the Mediterranean Action Plans Coastal Area Management Programme is to help Mediterranean countries implement a sustainable management process for their coastal areas. This in particular implies thinking collectively about possible futures by taking into account past developments and the present situation of the area in question. To do so and right from the very start, the Blue Plan has assisted teams involved in the CAMPs to use the systemic and prospective approach so as to highlight priorities, forecast negative developments and suggest action to be taken to establish sustainable development in the Mediterranean's coastal areas. What do we mean by sustainable development? The Blue Plan adheres to a definition that is a blend of what you find in the Bruntland Report and at the FAO, 'sustainable development is one that respects the environment, is technically appropriate, economically viable and socially acceptable, making it possible to meet the needs of present generations without jeopardising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs'.&#13;
In this framework the 'Imagine' analysis of systemic and prospective sustainability now proposes a set of tools and methods (a methodological corpus) to describe, assess and examine the level of sustainability of an eco-socio system in the past, present and future by means of indicators and a participatory process that considers local actors to be experts at their level.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/161/1/Imagine_book.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>UNEP</dc:publisher><dc:source>2 912081 15 7</dc:source><dc:title>A practitioner's guide to 'Imagine', the systemic and prospective sustainability analysis</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bell, Simon</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Coudert, Elisabeth</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005-10</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Book</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:159
Date: 2017-09-04

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:159</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-04T23:44:03Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper develops three concepts important to the practice of action research recoverability, research themes, and iteration by highlighting their applicability beyond single action research studies. The concepts are discussed against a program of action research, undertaken by a multidisciplinary research team, with a research focus on local, sector and national evels. This contrasts with the more usual pattern of action research in single situations. Action research is criticized on the grounds that it lacks generalizability and external validity from one-off studies. Goodness criteria have been derived to address these and other criticisms. The recoverability criterion, less strong than the repeatability of experimentation, is central to these. A second concept, that of research themes, links the recoverability criterion and iteration in action research. Iteration within and between projects and the notion of critical mass, of doing work in more than one setting, address the limitations of single setting studies.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/159/1/IFIP_8_2_AR.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Kluwer Academic Publishers</dc:publisher><dc:source>1 4020 8094 8</dc:source><dc:title>Themes, iteration and recoverability in action research</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Holwell, Sue</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:contributor>Kaplan, B</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Truex, D.P</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Wastell, D</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Wood-Harper, A.T</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>DeGross, J.I</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Book chapter</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:154
Date: 2017-05-18

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:154</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-05-18T01:58:43Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>New and previously published micro-gravity data are combined with InSAR data, precise levelling and GPS measurements to produce a model for the processes operating at Krafla volcano, 20 years after its most recent eruption. The data have been divided into two periods: from 1990 to 1995 and from 1996 to 2003 and show that the rate of deflation at Krafla is decaying exponentially. The net micro-gravity change at the centre of the caldera is shown, using the measured Free Air Gradient, to be -85 μGal for the first and -100 μGal for the second period. After consideration of the effects of water extraction by the geothermal power station within the caldera, the net gravity decreases are -73 ± 17 μGal for the first and -65 ± 17 μGal for the second period. These decreases are interpreted in terms of magma drainage. Following a Mogi point source model we calculate the mass decrease to be ~2 x 1010 kg/yr reflecting a drainage rate of ~0.23 m3/s, similar to the ~0.13 m3/s drainage rate previously found at Askja volcano, N-Iceland. Based on the evidence for deeper magma reservoirs and the similarity between the two volcanic systems, we suggest a pressure-link between Askja and Krafla at deeper levels (at the lower crust or the crust-mantle boundary). After the Krafla fires, co-rifting pressure decrease of a deep source at Krafla stimulated the subsequent inflow of magma, eventually affecting conditions along the plate boundary in N-Iceland, as far away as Askja. We anticipate that the pressure of the deeper reservoir at Krafla will reach a critical value and eventually magma will rise from there to the shallow magma chamber, possibly initiating a new rifting episode. We have demonstrated that by examining micro-gravity and geodetic data, our knowledge of active volcanic systems can be significantly improved.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/154/1/corrected3_Text_dezeeuwvandalfsen.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0258-8900</dc:source><dc:title>Integration of micro-gravity and geodetic data to constrain shallow system mass changes at Krafla Volcano, N Iceland</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>de Zeeuw-van Dalfsen, Elske</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Rymer, Hazel</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Williams-Jones, Glyn</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Sturkell, Erik</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Sigmundsson, Freysteinn</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2006-04</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s0445-005-0018-5</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:151
Date: 2017-09-22

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:151</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-22T03:26:35Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Imagine a situation where, after debating for years on what makes you happy, you finally decide that it is about time you start put these ideas into practice and effectively make yourself happy(ier). If you are really determined, you will be keen to stop convincing yourself that you are happy if you are not: you will want to check whether you are really making progress towards achieving your goals. You will have identified different components of your happiness and will assess some of them, progressing cautiously, step by step. You will also be aware of the links between these components, links that determine your overall state of happiness.&#13;
In the situation described above, now replace the term 'happiness' by that of 'sustainability' - like concepts such as justice, truth, or happiness indeed, it is a desirable objective, albeit difficult to capture in a concise, shared, definition.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/151/1/SustIndicator.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>International Society for Ecological Economics (ISEE)</dc:publisher><dc:source>Online Encyclopaedia of Ecological Economics (OEEE)</dc:source><dc:title>Sustainability indicators</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Simon, Sandrine</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:contributor>Neumayer, Eric</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003-02</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Book chapter</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:149
Date: 2017-09-25

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:149</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-25T18:39:54Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>There are renewed demands for transparency and stakeholder participation in environmental planning and management. Research is a generic form of practice common to many professions. Appreciating the position of the researcher and reflecting on research practice can enhance its transparency. The case is presented for considering underlying metaphors as a way of making understandings explicit, transparent and structured, so as to enhance reflection on research practice. Metaphors can be explored, either individually or jointly, and learning opportunities can come from the exploration and awareness of alternative metaphors. Four metaphors have been chosen to reflect on research practice: research-as-action, research-as-narrative, research-as-facilitation and research-as-responsible. These metaphors define various roles relevant to researching with people and seem powerful ways of discussing what researching or planning with people might entail, and how to include the position of the researcher/planner in reflective practice. Whilst the primary concern is with research practice, the arguments might equally apply to other forms of practice such as planning, managing, advising or regulating.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/149/1/Metaphors_for_Reflecting_on_Research_Practic1.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1360-0559</dc:source><dc:title>Metaphors for reflecting on research practice: researching with people</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>McClintock, David</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author id="http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9191-119X">Ison, Raymond</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Armson, Rosalind</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003-09</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0964056032000138454</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:148
Date: 2017-07-30

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:148</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-07-30T04:28:54Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>In work undertaken in both Malta and Lebanon we have been reflecting on the current means by which the international community apply concepts intended to achieve what is called 'sustainable development'. In an attempt to make means and ends conform to each other we have developed an holistic approach to what is essentially a timeless need for understanding, systemic planning and compassionate stewardship. This essay indicates that we may be closer to holistic means with which to realise these goals than we know. It describes how some planning and analysis methods have their origins in ancient traditions. However, the milieu in which sustainability occurs is often unsympathetic to and sometimes incompatible with the ideals of holism. The essay assesses the current understanding of sustainability and points to the need for a wider and more inclusive base to contemporary sustainability as practiced in the community.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/148/1/Holism__understanding_Sustain.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1094-429X</dc:source><dc:title>Holism and understanding sustainability</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bell, Simon</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Morse, Stephen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005-08</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11213-005-7171-9</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:147
Date: 2017-09-09

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      <datestamp>2017-09-09T19:20:45Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper deals with issues and presents changes in practices relating to the new working as realized in the developing e-working world. The paper begins by reviewing my own experience. This is expressed as anecdote from my diary. Following this, the downside of e-work is argued to be characterized by atomization and fragmentation and is depicted under four headings: being an e-worker, engaging with work as an e-worker, contextualizing experience as an e-worker, and managing self and work as an e-worker. This section is followed by a brief review of how this downside has been achieved. The paper then goes on to discuss two models for developing the e-work process beyond the current debacle. The first model is one based on conventional practices and is concentrated on relieving the pressure. This conventional approach is also referred to as the provision for... model. The model deals with providing technologies and inducements and meeting expenses of e-workers as fragmented elements of the workforce. It is a patchwork quilt of piecemeal planning. The second model, arising from the research behind the paper, involves thinking again–Where might we be? The process develops an invitation to join... model, focusing on relationships. The paper goes on to describe a process for developing a systemic approach to e-work and non-e-work for large organizations and a means for applying the systemic development of e-work in full, and not just gesture. The paper concludes with an overview of the key learning points emergent from the research to date. Concerning the style of the paper, it is set out in the form of a Kolb learning cycle–this is the overarching methodology applied to the enquiry as a whole.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/147/1/surfing_the_third_wave.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1094-429X</dc:source><dc:title>Surfing the Third Wave: Experiential Reflections on New Working Practices</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bell, Simon</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2002-02</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1014293721695</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:139
Date: 2016-10-04

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:139</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-10-04T09:42:07Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Previous research has shown that a range of nitrosated glycine derivatives react with DNA to form O6-carboxymethylguanine and O6-methylguanine DNA adducts [Harrison et al. (1999) Chem. Res. Toxicol. 12, 106-111). Nitrosated glycine derivatives may be formed in the gastrointestinal tract from the reaction of dietary glycine with nitrosating agents. The aim of this study was to further investigate the role of dietary glycine in the formation of O6-guanine adducts at physiologically relevant concentrations. In vitro studies were performed by reacting 10 M to 50 mM glycine with nitric oxide in the presence of oxygen. An HPLC assay was developed to measure the resulting nitrosated glycine derivative, diazoacetate anion. The amount of nitrosating agent present in the reaction mixture was determined by colorimetric measurement of nitrite, the hydrolysis product of N2O3. Diazoacetate anion formation depended linearly on glycine concentration. Solutions of nitrosated glycine reacted with 2'-deoxyguanosine and calf thymus DNA to give O6-carboxymethyl-2'-deoxyguanosine and, at high concentrations of glycine and nitric oxide, O6-methyl-2'-deoxyguanosine. At physiological concentrations of glycine and nitric oxide, diazoacetate anion was not detectable. Studies with synthetic diazoacetate anion showed that concentrations &lt;14 M did not give detectable O6-carboxyethylguanine in DNA, even when a sensitive immunoslot blot assay was used. However, O6-carboxymethylguanine was detected in human blood DNA samples obtained from three volunteers consuming a standardized high meat diet, using the immunoslot blot assay. O6-Carboxymethylguanine levels ranged from 35 to 80 (detection limit = 15) O6-carboxymethylguanine per 108 bases. These studies provide further evidence that nitrosated amino acids may be risk factors for gastrointestinal tract cancers.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0893-228X</dc:source><dc:title>Detection of O6-Carboxymethyl-2'-deoxyguanosine in DNA Following Reaction of Nitric Oxide with Glycine and in Human Blood DNA Using a Quantitative Immunoslot Blot Assay</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Cupid, Belinda C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Zeng, Zuotao</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Singh, Rajinder</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Shuker, David E.G.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004-02-07</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/tx0340706</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:135
Date: 2016-10-04

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:135</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-10-04T09:42:07Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>N-Nitrosoindoles can efficiently transfer the nitroso group to nucleophilic targets in isolated purine nucleotides, causing depurination, deamination, and the formation of a novel guanine analogue, oxanine [Lucas, L. T., Gatehouse, D., and Shuker, D. E. G. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 18319-18326]. To determine the likely biological relevance of these modification pathways, the reactivity of 1-nitrosoindole-3-acetonitrile (NIAN), a model 3-substituted N-nitrosoindole, with oligonucleotides and calf thymus DNA was examined at physiological pH and temperature. Reaction of NIAN with single-stranded oligonucleotides containing various guanine motifs resulted in the production of single-strand break products at guanine sites due to the formation of alkali-labile lesions. The number of lesions increased with NIAN concentration and incubation time. Modification of calf thymus DNA by NIAN resulted in depurination, which gave the&#13;
corresponding purine bases, deamination coupled with depurination, which gave xanthine, and the formation of oxanine. The former pathway was clearly the most important, and all reaction products exhibited a dose-response relationship. Cytosine and thymine residues were&#13;
inactive toward NIAN. Further studies revealed an additional product in NIAN-treated duplex DNA containing a CCGG motif that was characterized as an interstrand cross-link, the yield of which increased with increasing NIAN concentration. These results indicate that the transnitrosating ability of NIAN to modify purine residues is preserved at the macromolecular level, with guanine residues appearing to be a primary site of reaction. All of these modification processes are potentially mutagenic events if they occur in vivo.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0893-228X</dc:source><dc:title>Characterization of DNA damage at purine residues in oligonucleotides and calf thymus DNA induced by the mutagen 1-nitrosoindole-3-acetonitrile</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Lucas, Lynda T.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gatehouse, David</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jones, George D.D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Shuker, David E.G.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2001-02</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/tx000179r</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:128
Date: 2017-09-19

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:128</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-19T05:18:01Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The sounds produced by orthopteran insects are very diverse. They are widely studied for the insight they give into acoustic behaviour and the biophysical aspects of sound production and hearing, as well as the transduction of sound to neural signals in the ear and the subsequent processing of information in the central nervous system. The study of sound signalling is a multidisciplinary area of research, with a strong physiological contribution. This review considers recent research in physiology and the links with related areas of acoustic work on the Orthoptera.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/128/1/Sound_signalling_in_Orthoptera.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier Ltd</dc:publisher><dc:source>012024229X</dc:source><dc:title>Sound Signalling in Orthoptera</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Robinson, David J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hall, Marion J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:contributor>Evans, Peter</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:publication_date>2002-12-16</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Book chapter</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2806(02)29003-7</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:120
Date: 2016-10-04

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:120</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-10-04T18:50:57Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper explores the apparent contradiction between the 'linearity' of most Sustainable Development projects, with time-bound and defined outputs achieved at a fixed cost, and an implied 'circularity' of the theory whereby there is no 'end'. Projects usually have clear parameters within which they are implemented, and the inclusion of elements such as the need for accountability, measurable impact and 'value for money' have grown in importance. It could be argued that we live in a 'projectified' and therefore linear world. The paper explores the potential contradiction between 'linearity' and 'circularity', and suggests that one way around this is to frame the project within a form of the Kolb Learning Cycle heuristic. This will facilitate a rationalisation from those implementing the sustainable development project as to why decisions are being made and for whom. If these questions are opened up to the project stakeholders, including beneficiaries, then the Kolb cycle could encourage learning and understanding by all involved. It could also provide Sustainability Therapy to those trapped in processes, which they find orthogonal to their own perceptions. It is suggested that such learning, therapy and reflective practice should be a valid output of the sustainable development project, although typically the focus is only upon the final outputs and how they feed into policy. Ironically funders would be well advised to take a broader perspective in order to achieve true 'value for money' within such projects, even if learning is not an easily measurable or tangible outcome. These points are explored within the context of the wider literature and experience with a sustainable development project undertaken in Malta.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/120/1/Deliv._Sus_Bell__Morse_JEM051.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0301-4797</dc:source><dc:title>Delivering sustainability therapy in sustainable development projects</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bell, Simon</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Morse, Stephen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005-04</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2004.11.006</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:119
Date: 2016-10-05

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:119</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-10-05T18:27:29Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>We report on short-term (over tens of minutes) residual gravity changes recorded at the restless Nisyros caldera in Greece via a series of discrete measurements at benchmarks within or in proximity to a hydrothermal area located along the caldera floor. The obtained time series reveal sinusoidal gravity variations with amplitudes of up to 25 μGal and wavelengths of 40–50 min. Degassing of a magmatic source coupling into (shallow) hydrothermal systems including the ascent of steam pockets and transient pressure variations during steam/liquid interface propagation appear to be the most likely causative process for the observed short-term variations. We assess standard protocols of microgravity surveys for hazard assessment in volcanic areas in the light of these findings and propose additional techniques, such as continuous gravimetry, for the discrimination of hydrothermal signals from deeper-seated, i.e. magmatic, signals during gravity monitoring of restless volcanoes hosting active hydrothermal systems. &#13;
&#13;
</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/119/1/gravhydro_rev_tracked.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0094-8276</dc:source><dc:title>On the interpretation of gravity variations in the presence of active hydrothermal systems: Insights from the Nisyros Caldera, Greece</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Gottsmann, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Rymer, H.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Wooller, L.K</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005-12-10</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2005GL024061</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:118
Date: 2016-10-04

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:118</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-10-04T09:42:06Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This chapter outlines a new argument for the view that language has a cognitive role. I suggest that humans exhibit two distinct kinds of belief state, one passively formed, the other actively formed. I argue that actively formed beliefs (virtual beliefs, as I call them) can be identified with premising policies, and that forming them typically involves certain linguistic operations. I conclude that natural language has at least a limited cognitive role in the formation and manipulation of virtual beliefs.&#13;
</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/118/1/Virtual_belief_eprint.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Cambridge University Press</dc:publisher><dc:source>0521637589</dc:source><dc:title>Natural language and virtual belief</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Frankish, Keith</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:contributor>Carruthers, Peter</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Boucher, Jill</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:publication_date>1998</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Book chapter</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:117
Date: 2016-10-04

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:117</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-10-04T09:42:05Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper takes another look at Davidson's paratactic theory of indirect discourse and evaluates some revisions to it, proposed recently by Ian Rumfitt (Mind, 1993). Davidson's original version of the theory – according to which indirect speech reports refer to token utterances – has a problem dealing with ambiguity. Rumfitt suggests that we can solve this problem by supposing that the immediate objects of verbs in indirect speech are token representations of disambiguated LF tree-structures. I argue that this proposal is inadequate and suggest that it is better to think of indirect speech as relating speakers to utterance types. </dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/117/1/Paratactic_theory_eprint.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1467-8284</dc:source><dc:title>How should we revise the paratactic theory?</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Frankish, Keith</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1996-10</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0003-2638.1996.00251.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:116
Date: 2017-10-04

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      <datestamp>2017-10-04T06:56:00Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper sets out the case for a two-level theory of human psychology. It takes its start from Daniel Dennett's distinction between belief and opinion, arguing that it has the power to account for a number of tensions within our commonsense concept of belief. It argues, however, that Dennett's account is seriously inadequate, particularly in its treatment of the role of opinion in practical reasoning. The paper goes on to sketch an alternative proposal which retains the virtues of Dennett's suggestion, while providing a richer and more satisfying account of the cognitive role of opinion.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/116/1/Matter_of_opinion_eprint.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0951-5089</dc:source><dc:title>A matter of opinion</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Frankish, Keith</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1998-12</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09515089808573271</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:114
Date: 2017-09-26

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:114</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-26T07:16:11Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper explores the apparent contradiction between the 'linearity' of most Sustainable Development projects, with time-bound and defined outputs achieved at a fixed cost, and an implied 'circularity' of the theory whereby there is no 'end'. Projects usually have clear parameters within which they are implemented, and the inclusion of elements such as the need for accountability, measurable impact and 'value for money' have grown in importance. It could be argued that we live in a 'projectified' and therefore linear world. The paper explores the potential contradiction between 'linearity' and 'circularity', and suggests that one way around this is to frame the project within a form of the Kolb Learning Cycle heuristic. This will facilitate a rationalisation from those implementing the sustainable development project as to why decisions are being made and for whom. If these questions are opened up to the project stakeholders, including beneficiaries, then the Kolb cycle could encourage learning and understanding by all involved. It could also provide Sustainability Therapy to those trapped in processes which they find orthogonal to their own perceptions. It is suggested that such learning, therapy and reflective practice should be a valid output of the sustainable development project, although typically the focus is only upon the final outputs and how they feed into policy. Ironically funders would be well advised to take a broader perspective in order to achieve true 'value for money' within such projects, even if learning is not an easily measurable or tangible outcome. These points are explored within the context of the wider literature and sustainable&#13;
development projects undertaken in Malta and Lebanon.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/114/1/ISD_04_v2.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>Proceedings International Sustainable Development Research Conference</dc:source><dc:title>Delivering sustainability therapy in a projectified world</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bell, Simon</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Morse, Stephen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:113
Date: 2017-08-22

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:113</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-08-22T06:28:29Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper explores the apparent contradiction between the 'linearity' of most Sustainability Indicator (SI) projects, with defined outputs achieved in a set period of time, and an implied 'circularity' that goes with most sustainable development (SD) initiatives. Projects usually have clear parameters within which they are implemented, and the inclusion of elements such as the need for accountability, measurable impact and 'value for money' have grown in importance. Whether we like it or not, it could be argued that we live in a 'projectified' world. We suggest that one way of exploring this potential contradiction between 'linearity' and 'circularity' is to frame the project with a Kolb Learning Cycle heuristic. This will facilitate a rationalisation from those implementing the SI project as to why decisions are being made and for whom. If these questions are opened up to the project stakeholders, including beneficiaries, then the Kolb cycle could encourage learning and understanding by all involved. It is suggested that such learning should be a valid output of the SI project, although typically the focus is only upon the final list of SIs and how they feed into policy. Funders need to take a broader perspective by allowing for both within SI projects, even if learning is not a measurable or tangible outcome. These points are explored within the context of the wider literature and SI projects in Malta and Lebanon.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/113/1/ISDRC_03_v6.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>Proceedings International Sustainable Development Research Conference  2003 (Proceedings of)</dc:source><dc:title>Learning from experience in sustainability</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bell, Simon</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Morse, Stephen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:112
Date: 2017-10-05

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      <datestamp>2017-10-05T07:16:06Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper constitutes an attempt to find a means to represent multiple stories in the strong narrative of conventional sustainable development (SD) projects. The author’s experience of such projects in various parts of the world indicates that they have a tendency to arise from and reflect a dominant mindset, placing the SD project in what can be a working environment which is inimical to the very ideals which SD is supposed to represent. Short termism and value for money drive project formats and objectives whilst counter narratives and alternative stories arising from stakeholders in such projects are often ignored. Yet these alternative threads often contain strong SD messages of their own and could, if effectively utilised, enhance the SD project process. This paper sets out the case for a new field – ‘project ethnography’ – allied with the growing use of meta analysis to compare project ‘stories’. The paper presents preliminary findings using an analytical framework to facilitate an ethnographic analysis and draw out the stories that those working in such projects can tell. The analysis focuses on some SD projects in the Mediterranean which reinforces the view of the authors that the conventional model of SD project organisation and delivery often contains within itself alternative understandings – understandings which the authors regard as stories in collision with the presenting and accepted project narrative, but at the same time valuable in richness of experience and perspective which can be drawn upon for informing SD project design and implementation.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/112/1/ISDRC_Helsinki_05_v11.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>11th Annual International Sustainable Development Research Conference</dc:source><dc:title>Sustainable development projects: explicit and acroamatic story telling as part of a new ‘project ethnography’</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bell, Simon</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Morse, Stephen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:108
Date: 2017-08-09

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:108</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-08-09T08:39:21Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper sets out some observations arising from on-going research into the use of systemic methods in the planning of complex projects within the National Health Service (NHS) in Staffordshire and Shropshire in the UK. This brief paper sets out the main reasons for the application of systemic approaches, the nature of the methodologies put in place and some of the outcomes and reflections of those involved in the various workshops. Whilst not attempting to be definitive in our conclusions, the authors believe that the results of the application of systemic methods by Health and Care professionals show a range of strengths going forward.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/108/1/SSWDD_v10.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1094-429X</dc:source><dc:title>Applying Systemic Project Management Approaches for the UK National Health Service</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bell, Simon</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Christina, Ann</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2006-02</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11213-005-9002-4</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:107
Date: 2017-10-05

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:107</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-10-05T06:16:17Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Editorials of all kinds offer the author an opportunity to explore the themes of the journal and their linkage to the experience of recent events. In edition 18.2, I suggested that I would like to see systems people more widely recognised, their work and methods more widely practiced and their output more widely appreciated. To this end I suggested that systems approaches needed to move into the mainstream and yet retain that unique value that sets them apart from the hum-drum and often plain uninspiring 'solutions' that clutter much of that broad river. To this end I discussed the value of the papers in this journal that showed a diverse and inspiring series of approaches to problem solving in what I called the SEDC contexts; contexts where issues of sustainable development, environmental change, democratising agencies and conflict are paramount. The SEDC contexts are, for me, some of the defining contexts of our age; and if we are to show the value of our methods to the wider world I argued that we must be seen to be of value in these contexts.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/107/1/Editorial_18.4.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1094-429X</dc:source><dc:title>Editorial</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bell, Simon</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005-08</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11213-005-7166-6</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:105
Date: 2016-10-04

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:105</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-10-04T17:17:35Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This research was commissioned by the UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre as part of a larger MONEE (Monitoring Eastern Europe) project covering countries in transition – the 27 nations of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). The MONEE Social Report combines qualitative and quantitative material in the 2005 Publication 'Children and Disability in Transition' (www.unicef-icdc.org)&#13;
&#13;
This paper is concerned with analysing in depth the findings from the qualitative research as the basis for recommendations that keep the voices of children, young people, families and medical and social care providers at the heart of the policy process.&#13;
&#13;
This research was conducted in three countries – Russia, Latvia and Bulgaria. The reason for choosing these three countries in consultation with the networking group included the issue of children's rights for children with disabilities in Russia which has been widely reported (UNICEF 1999, 2003). As the largest CIS country, Russia's influence in policy and practice in other neighbouring countries is likely to be significant. Latvia was one of the CEE countries who joined the EU in May 2004 and Bulgaria hope to join the EU in 2007. Thus these three countries are in different stages of transition. The organisations and systems for supporting disabled children are likely to be influenced by political and market transitions and these three countries are interesting examples from which to explore the concept of transition as it relates to disabled children and their families.&#13;
&#13;
The theoretical model that informs this research is concerned with applying the social model of disability to families rather than individuals. The structures, policies and processes that cause frustration and disappointment affect the whole family not just the disabled child (Dowling and Dolan 2001).&#13;
The social model applied in this context aims to combat the past medical and educational ideology of 'defectology' – seeing children with disabilities as defective models – which has been evidenced particularly in Russia but also all other former communist countries (Grigorenko 1998). Defectology as a professional discourse has isolated children from their families and created hostility between medical providers and parents who believe that their disabled children have been taken away from them because professionals believed it was in the best interests of their child to do so.&#13;
&#13;
Many of the challenges that are described by children, young people, parents and providers are challenges that need social policy not medical solutions. Medical solutions are also very important for these children. However equally important is the need for medical and social practitioners to work alongside each other, despite their professional and theoretical differences, to provide the best social, emotional and physical opportunities for children with disabilities.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/105/1/Paper.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>Proceedings Childhoods 2005 Oslo Conference: Children and Youth in Emerging and Transforming Societies</dc:source><dc:title>To understand the meaning of disability for children, parents and providers in Bulgaria, Latvia and Russia</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Dowling, Monica</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:102
Date: 2016-10-04

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:102</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-10-04T09:42:03Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Lord Palmerston's policies on religion have been variously portrayed as stemming from ignorance, manipulation by an evangelical clique, and mere political calculation. This article, however, argues that although Palmerston lacked the intense spiritual commitments of many of his contemporaries, he still had a serious agenda on religious issues. In particular he sought to maintain the establishment of the Church of England by providing it with effective leadership and conciliating its opponents. His religious policy as prime minister between 1855 and 1865 needs to be understood in the context of his earlier career, in which he was both at home and abroad a consistent advocate of toleration, especially for Roman Catholics, although hostile to clergy with ecclesiastical or political pretensions, whatever their denomination. In the mid-1850s he initially contemplated significant reform of the structure of the Anglican episcopate, but decided that the political climate was unpropitious. He therefore concentrated his efforts rather on securing good appointments in order to make the existing system work better. Lord Shaftesbury was certainly instrumental in causing Palmerston to promote several prominent evangelicals, but there were other significant influences on him, and overall his episcopal appointments achieved a balance between church parties. His legacy was in different ways appropriated by both Disraeli and Gladstone, and was important in maintaining the position of the Church of England as a central focus for national identity. &#13;
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</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1477-4534</dc:source><dc:title>Lord Palmerston and religion: a reappraisal</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Wolffe, John</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005-09-01</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ehr/cei240</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:101
Date: 2016-10-04

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>We present a study of the use of amine- functionalised, mesoporous silicas as supports for nanoparticulate palladium, and the use of the composite materials as&#13;
heterogeneous catalysts for the Suzuki coupling of aryl bromides. Upon modification of the silica, via attachment of N-functionalised aminopropylsilyl ethers to surface silanol groups, only a small reduction in surface area and average pore diameter is observed. The mesoporosity and high surface area are also maintained after introduction of nanoparticulate palladium, as evidenced by the measurement of BET nitrogen sorption isotherms. Electron microscopy shows that the palladium particles are well-dispersed and of typical diameter 3-6 nm. Catalysis was initially tested using the coupling of phenylboronic acid with 4-bromoanisole in the presence of K2CO3 and with toluene as solvent. This revealed that the choice of organic modification has a crucial role in determining the activity and recyclability of the catalyst: optimum behaviour was found for diamine- and triamine-containing systems, while quaternary alkylammonium salts showed poor activities. The optimised catalysts are also active in the coupling of a range of aryl bromides and phenylboronic acids, and after three catalytic runs they show virtually no drop in activity. Upon further cycling, however, and after six catalytic runs, we do observe a drop in activity and this is accompanied by some leaching of palladium, and pore-blocking by reaction products and byproducts.</dc:description><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0897-4756</dc:source><dc:title>Nanoparticulate palladium supported by covalently modified silicas: synthesis, characterisation and application as catalysts for the suzuki coupling of aryl halides</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bedford, Robin B.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Singh, Udayshanker G.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Walton, Richard I.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Williams, Ruth T.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Davis, Sean A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cm048860s</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:92
Date: 2017-08-04

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:92</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-08-04T23:12:13Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The SNC (Shergotty-Nakhla-Chassigny) meteorites have recorded interactions between martian crustal fluids and the parent igneous rocks. The resultant secondary minerals – which comprise up to 1 vol.% of the meteorites – provide information about the timing and nature of hydrous activity and atmospheric processes on Mars. We suggest that the most plausible models for secondary mineral formation involve the evaporation of low temperature (25 – 150 °C) brines. This is consistent with the simple mineralogy of these assemblages – Fe-Mg-Ca carbonates, anhydrite, gypsum, halite, clays – and the chemical fractionation of Ca-to Mg-rich carbonate in ALH84001 "rosettes". Longer-lived, and higher temperature, hydrothermal systems would have caused more silicate alteration than is seen and probably more complex mineral assemblages. Experimental and phase equilibria data on carbonate compositions similar to those present in the SNCs imply low temperatures of formation with cooling taking place over a short period of time (e.g. days). The ALH84001 carbonate also probably shows the effects of partial vapourisation and dehydration related to an impact event post-dating the initial precipitation. This shock event may have led to the formation of sulphide and some magnetite in the Fe-rich outer parts of the rosettes.&#13;
Radiometric dating (K-Ar, Rb-Sr) of the secondary mineral assemblages in one of the nakhlites (Lafayette) suggests that they formed between 0 and 670 Myr, and certainly long after the crystallisation of the host igneous rocks. Crystallisation of ALH84001 carbonate took place 0.5 Gyr after the parent rock. These age ranges and the other research on these assemblages suggest that environmental conditions conducive to near-surface liquid water have been present on Mars periodically over the last 1 Gyr. This fluid activity cannot have been continuous over geological time because in that case much more silicate alteration would have taken place in the meteorite parent rocks and the soluble salts would probably not have been preserved.&#13;
The secondary minerals could have been precipitated from brines with seawater-like composition, high bicarbonate contents and a weakly acidic nature. The co-existence of siderite (Fe-carbonate) and clays in the nakhlites suggests that the pCO2 level in equilibrium with the parent brine may have been 50 mbar or more. The brines could have originated as flood waters which percolated through the top few hundred meters of the crust, releasing cations from the surrounding parent rocks. The high sulphur and chlorine concentrations of the martian soil have most likely resulted from aeolian redistribution of such aqueously-deposited salts and from reaction of the martian surface with volcanic acid volatiles.&#13;
The volume of carbonates in meteorites provides a minimum crustal abundance and is equivalent to 50–250 mbar of CO2 being trapped in the uppermost 200–1000 m of the martian crust. Large fractionations in 18O between igneous silicate in the meteorites and the secondary minerals (30) require formation of the latter below temperatures at which silicate-carbonate equilibration could have taken place (400°C) and have been taken to suggest low temperatures (e.g. 150°C) of precipitation from a hydrous fluid.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/92/1/ISSIpaper.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0038-6308</dc:source><dc:title>Alteration assemblages in Martian meteorites: implications for near-surface processes</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bridges, J.C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Catling, D.C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Saxton, J.M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Swindle, T.D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Lyon, I.C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author id="http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4055-533X">Grady, M.M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2001-04</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1011965826553</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:89
Date: 2017-02-09

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      <datestamp>2017-02-09T22:37:12Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper presents the results of a case study of the policies and practices of six African university presses. Based on the findings, it posits the formation of a consortium of African university presses. It borrows heavily from consortium formation in the library world. &#13;
&#13;
</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/89/1/kwasi_on_publishing__3_.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1198-9742</dc:source><dc:title>University press publishing consortium for Africa : lessons from academic libraries</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Darko-Ampem, Kwasi</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005-01</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:87
Date: 2017-09-14

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:87</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-14T15:09:56Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The purpose of this article is to fill some of the gaps in our knowledge of those women writers in the lower echelons of the literary world of mid-Victorian England. Through an examination of the resources of the Royal Literary Fund the paper aims to provide a portrait of the career paths and lives of women writers who depended on their literary skills for a living.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/87/1/writing_for_their_lives.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0309-2445</dc:source><dc:title>Writing for their lives: women applicants to The Royal Literary Fund</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Mumm, S.D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1990</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:82
Date: 2017-08-08

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:82</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-08-08T02:59:11Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Focuses on the convent-based rehabilitation of fallen women in Victorian Britain. Penitentiaries for sexually and morally outcast females; Cultural issues; Description of penitentiary work; Sexually transgressive penitents; Cases; Category of fallen women; Typical life of a fallen servant.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/82/1/NOT_WORSE_THAN_OTHER_GIRLS.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0022-4529</dc:source><dc:title>'Not worse than other girls': the convent-based rehabilitation of fallen women in Victorian Britain</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Mumm, Susan</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1996</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:79
Date: 2017-09-14

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:79</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-14T15:09:56Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Reincarnation has never been part of mainstream Christian theology. This is true in spite of periodic speculations by Christian theologians, and in spite of the fact that reincarnation believers sometimes wrongly impute belief in reincarnation to prominent Christian thinkers. Even so, in 1984 Paul Badham was able to point to statistics which indicated that as many Anglicans believed in reincarnation as believed in heaven and hell. This paper is based on the responses of the many Christians who were among informants in an interview study we conducted in 1997 in the south-west of England; our purpose was to investigate European Values Survey (EVS) statistics which suggest that around a quarter of all British people and, indeed, of Europeans more generally, believe in reincarnation.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/79/1/Theology.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0040-571X</dc:source><dc:title>Reincarnation belief and the Christian churches</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Waterhouse, Helen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Walter, Tony</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:78
Date: 2016-10-08

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:78</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-10-08T08:08:13Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Major element contents of chondrite groups were volatility controlled and established in a nebula after formation of Ca-Al-rich inclusions but before chondrules formed. Elemental abundances in chondrules tend to correlate with chemical affinity. Calcium was fractionated from Al by a planetary, not a nebular process. Chondrules were contemporaneous with igneous activity and aqueous and thermal metamorphism. Planetary bodies of varied size and structure co-existed during the first 50-80 million years of the Solar System, when chondrules formed and impact was common. We propose that most chondrules formed by impacts on differentiated bodies. </dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/78/1/Hutchisonfinal.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:relation>http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?bibcode=2005ASPC..341..933H&amp;amp;db_key=AST&amp;amp;data_type=HTML&amp;amp;format=</dc:relation><dc:source>1050-3390</dc:source><dc:title>Chondrules: chemical, petrographic and chronologic clues to their origin by impact</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Hutchison, R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bridges, J.C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gilmour, J.D.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005-12</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:74
Date: 2016-10-04

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:74</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-10-04T09:42:01Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The burgeoning interest on social capital within the climate change community signals a positive movement towards a concern for the behavioural elements of adaptive action and capacity. But social capital is a slippery concept. In this paper the case is put forward for a critical engagement with social capital. There is need for an open debate on the dangers and opportunities that social capital presents. This paper discusses the formation, operation and utility of social capital and reviews options for future research agendas focused on communities of place and practice.&#13;
&#13;
</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/74/1/Pelling2004_preprint.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0959-3780</dc:source><dc:title>Understanding adaptation: What can social capital offer assessments of adaptive capacity?</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Pelling, Mark</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>High, Chris</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005-12</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2005.02.001</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:73
Date: 2017-10-04

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:73</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-10-04T17:15:43Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>We investigate eruptive activity by analysis of thermal-alert data from the MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer) thermal infrared satellite instrument, detected by the MODVOLC (MODIS Volcano alert) algorithm. These data are openly available on a website, and easy to use. We show how such data can plug major gaps in the conventional monitoring record of volcanoes in an otherwise generally poorly-documented region (Melanesia), including: characterising the mechanism of lava effusion at Pago; demonstrating an earlier-than-realised onset of lava effusion at Lopevi; extending the known period of lava lake activity at Ambrym; and confirming on-going activity at Bagana, Langila and Tinakula. We also add to the record of activity even at some generally better-monitored volcanoes in Indonesia, but point out that care must be taken to recognise and exclude fires.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/73/1/Rotheryetal.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1432-0819</dc:source><dc:title>Analysis of volcanic activity patterns using MODIS thermal alerts</dc:title><rioxxterms:author id="http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9077-3167">Rothery, Dave A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Coppola, Diego</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Saunders, Charlotte</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005-07</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00445-004-0393-3</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:72
Date: 2016-10-04

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:72</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-10-04T20:26:42Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>74797065733D61727469636C65</setSpec></header>
    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Zag is an H3-6 chondrite regolith breccia within which we have studied 14 halite grains ?3mm. The purity of the associated NaCl-H2O brine is implied by freezing characteristics of fluid inclusions in the halite and EPMA analyses together with a lack of other evaporite-like phases in the Zag H3-6 component. This is inconsistent with multistage evolution of the fluid involving scavenging of cations in the Zag region of the parent body. We suggest that the halite grains are clastic and did not crystallise in situ. Halite and water-soluble extracts from Zag have light Cl isotopic compositions, ?37-Cl = -1.4 to '2.8 �. Previously reported bulk carbonaceous chondrite values are approximately ?37-Cl = +3 to +4 �. This difference is too great to be the result of fractionation during evaporation and instead we suggest that Cl isotopes in chondrites are fractionated between a light reservoir associated with fluids and a heavier reservoir associated with higher temperature phases such as phosphates and silicates. Extraterrestrial carbon released at 600 degrees Celsius from the H3-4 matrix has ?13-C = -20 �, consistent with poorly graphitised material being introduced into the matrix rather than indigenous carbonate derived from a brine. We have also examined 28 other H-chondrite falls in order to ascertain how widespread halite or evaporite-like mineral assemblages are in ordinary chondrites. We did not find any more to add to Zag (H3-6) and Monahans (H5), which suggests that such highly soluble phases were not usually preserved on the parent bodies.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/72/1/zagafebresubmit2.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1086-9379</dc:source><dc:title>Halite and stable chlorine isotopes in the Zag H3-6 breccia</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bridges, J.C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Banks, D.A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Smith, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Grady, M.M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004-05</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:71
Date: 2017-09-06

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:71</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-06T19:31:49Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>74797065733D61727469636C65</setSpec></header>
    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>A group of 31 meteorites (SNC group) was derived from Mars as a product of 4 – 7 ejection events, probably from Tharsis and Elysium-Amazonis. The SNCs either have basaltic mineralogy or some are ultramafic cumulates crystallised from basaltic melts. The SNCs can be classified both petrographically and geochemically. We classify the shergottite SNC meteorites on the basis of their LREE-depletion into Highly Depleted, Moderately Depleted and Slightly Depleted. The Slightly Depleted samples (which are mainly but not exclusively aphyric basalts) show high log oxygen fugacity values (QFM -1.0). Highly Depleted samples - which are mainly olivine-phyric basalts - have low log oxygen fugacity values (QFM -3.5). On the basis of mixing calculations between La/Lu and 87-Sr/86-Sr we favour models linking the correlation between LREE abundances and log oxygen fugacity to mantle heterogeneity rather than contamination by oxidised, LREE-rich crustal fluids. SNC chemistry in general reflects the Fe-rich mantle of Mars (x2 FeO that of the Earth), the late accretion of chondritic material into the mantle, and possibly the presence of a plagioclase-rich magma ocean which acted to variably deplete the mantle in Al. The high FeO contents of the SNC melts are associated with high melt densities (allowing the ponding of large magma bodies) and low viscosities, both of which are consistent with the large scale of many observed martian lava flows.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/71/1/Bridges-Warren-revised._Jour_of_geo_soc_spec_iss.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0016-7649</dc:source><dc:title>The SNC meteorites: basaltic igneous processes on Mars</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bridges, J.C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Warren, P.H</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2006</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1144/0016-764904-501</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:67
Date: 2017-10-03

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:67</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-10-03T03:50:13Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>74797065733D61727469636C65</setSpec></header>
    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>New microgravity data from the active crater of Poás volcano, Costa Rica, collected in 2002-2004 extends the existing dataset to provide a unique 20-year time series. These data show that gravity has decreased monotonically in the north and east of the crater over the last 5 years, whilst it has increased to the west and remained approximately constant in the south. These changes are interpreted in terms of convective recharge within dendritic intrusions beneath the crater, with overall down-welling in the north and up-welling in the west. The data reveal a 5-10 year periodicity in sub-crater mass movement, but overall, the upper part of the conduit system appears to have maintained a state of mass equilibrium.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/67/1/Rymer_6_-_Poas_GRL_REVISED_FINAL.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0094-8276</dc:source><dc:title>Magma plumbing processes for persistent activity at Poás Volcano, Costa Rica</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Rymer, Hazel</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Locke, Corinne A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Brenes, Jorge</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Williams-Jones, Glyn</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005-04-21</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2004GL022284</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:66
Date: 2016-10-05

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:66</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-10-05T01:46:06Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>74797065733D61727469636C65</setSpec></header>
    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Ground tilt measurements demonstrate that Askja is in a state of unrest, and that in the period 1988 - 1991 a maximum 48 +/- 3 µrad tilt occurred down towards the centre of the caldera. This is consistent with 126 mm of deflation at the centre of the caldera with a 2.5 - 3.0 km depth to the source of deformation. The volume of the subsidence bowl is 6.2 x 106 m3. When combined with high precision microgravity measurements, the overall change in sub-surface mass may be quantified. After correction for the observed elevation change using the free air gradient of gravity measured for each station, the total change in mass is estimated to be less than 109 kg. A small residual ground inflation and net gravity increase in the eastern part of the caldera may be caused by dyke intrusion in this region. The minimum dimensions of such an intrusion or complex of intrusions are 1m width, up to 100m deep and up to several hundred metres thick.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/66/1/Rymer_5_-_Askja_short_paper.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0258-8900</dc:source><dc:title>Gravity and elevation changes at Askja, Iceland</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Rymer, Hazel</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Tryggvason, Eysteinn</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1993-07</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00301147</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:65
Date: 2017-09-16

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rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:65</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-16T16:23:24Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>74797065733D61727469636C65</setSpec></header>
    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Magma transfer processes at persistently active volcanoes are distinguished by the large magma flux required to sustain the prodigious quantities of heat and gas emitted at the surface. Although the resulting degassed magma has been conjectured to accumulate either deep within the volcanic edifice or in the upper levels of the sub-edifice system, no direct evidence for such active accumulation has been reported. Temporal gravity data are unique in being able to quantify mass changes and have been successfully used to model shallow magma movements on different temporal scales, but have not generally been applied to the investigation of postulated long-term accumulation of magma at greater spatial scales within volcanic systems. Here, we model the critical data acquisition parameters required to detect mass flux at volcanoes, we review existing data from a number of volcanoes that exemplify the measurement of shallow mass changes and present new data from Poas and Telica volcanoes. We show that if a substantial proportion of degassed magma lodges within the sub-edifice region, it would result in measurable annual to decadal gravity increases occurring over spatial scales of tens of kilometres and propose that existing microgravity data from Sakurajima and, possibly, Etna volcanoes could be interpreted in these terms. Furthermore, such repeat microgravity data could be used to determine whether the accumulation rate is in equilibrium with the rate of production of degassed magma as calculated from the surface gas flux and hence identify the build-up of gas-rich magma at depth that may be significant in terms of eruption potential. We also argue that large magma bodies, both molten and frozen, modelled beneath volcanoes from seismic and gravity data, could represent endogenous or cryptic intrusions of degassed magma based on order of magnitude calculations using present-day emission rates and typical volcano lifetimes.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/65/1/Rymer_4_-_magma_transfer.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1872-6097</dc:source><dc:title>Magma transfer processes at persistently active volcanoes: insights from gravity observations</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Locke, Corinne A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Rymer, Hazel</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Cassidy, John</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003-09</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0377-0273(03)00179-3</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:64
Date: 2017-09-15

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:64</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-15T11:01:11Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>74797065733D61727469636C65</setSpec></header>
    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Site-specific modification of the N1-position of purine was explored at the nucleoside and oligomer levels. 2'-Deoxyinosine was converted into an N1-2,4-dinitrophenyl derivative 2 that was readily transformed to the desired N1-substituted 2'-deoxyinosine analogues. This approach was used to develop a post-synthetic method for the modification of the endocyclic N1-position of purine at the oligomer level. The phosphoramidite monomer of N1-(2,4-dinitrophenyl)-2'-deoxyinosine 9 was prepared from 2'-deoxyinosine in four steps and incorporated into oligomers using an automated DNA synthesizer. The modified base, N1-(2,4-dinitrophenyl)-hypoxanthine, in synthesized oligomers, upon treatment with respective agents, was converted into corresponding N1-substituted hypoxanthines, including N1-15N-hypoxanthine, N1-methylhypoxanthine and N1-(2-aminoethyl)-hypoxanthine. These modified oligomers can be easily separated and high purity oligomers obtained. Melting curve studies show the oligomer containing N1-methylhypoxanthine or N1-(2-aminoethyl)-hypoxanthine has a reduced thermostability with no particular pairing preference to either cytosine or thymine. The developed method could be adapted for the preparation of oligomers containing mutagenic N1-ß-hydroxyalkyl-hypoxanthines and the availability of the rare base-modified oligomers should offer novel tools for biological and structural studies. </dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/64/1/01435458.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1362-4962</dc:source><dc:title>Post-synthetic and site-specific modification of endocyclic nitrogen atoms of purines in DNA and its potential for biological and structural studies</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Narukulla, Raman</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Shuker, David E.G.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author id="http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5713-8030">Xu, Yao-Zhong</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005-03</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/gki315</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:63
Date: 2016-11-30

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rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:63</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-11-30T11:51:42Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>74797065733D61727469636C65</setSpec></header>
    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>An understanding of the mechanisms responsible for persistent volcanism can be acquired through the integration of geophysical and geochemical data sets. By interpreting data on micro-gravity, ground deformation and SO2 flux collected at Masaya Volcano since 1993, it is now clear that the characteristically cyclical nature of the activity is not driven by intrusion of additional magma into the system. Rather, it may be due in large part to the blocking and accumulation of gas by restrictions in the volcano substructure. The history of crater collapse and formation of caverns beneath the crater floor would greatly facilitate the trapping and storage of gas in a zone immediately beneath San Pedro and the other craters. Another mechanism that may explain the observed gravity and gas flux variations is the convective overturn of shallow, pre-existing, degassed, cooled, dense magma that is replaced periodically by lower density, hot, gas-rich magma from depth. Buoyant gas-rich magma rises from depth and is emplaced near the surface, resulting in the formation and fluctuation of a low-density gas-rich layer centred beneath Nindirí and Santiago craters. As this magma vigorously degasses, it must cool, increase in density and eventually sink. Five stages of activity have been identified at Masaya since 1853 and the most recent data suggest that the system may have been entering another period of reduced degassing in 2000. This type of analysis has important implications for hazard mitigation because periods of intense degassing are associated with poor agricultural yields and reduced quality of life. A better understanding of persistent cyclically active volcanoes will allow for more effective planning of urban development and agricultural land use.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/63/1/JVGR_2003.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1872-6097</dc:source><dc:title>Gravity changes and passive SO2 degassing at the Masaya caldera complex, Nicaragua</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Williams-Jones, Glyn</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Rymer, Hazel</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author id="http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9077-3167">Rothery, David A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0377-0273(03)00033-7</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:62
Date: 2017-08-09

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:62</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-08-09T03:42:16Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>74797065733D61727469636C65</setSpec></header>
    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>One of the fundamental questions in modern volcanology is the manner in which a volcanic eruption is triggered; the intrusion of fresh magma into a reservoir is thought to be a key component. The amount by which previously ponded reservoir magma interacts with a newly intruded magma will determine the nature and rate of eruption as well as the chemistry of erupted lavas and shallow dykes. The physics of this interaction can be investigated through a conventional monitoring procedure that incorporates the simple and much used Mogi model relating ground deformation (most simply represented by ?h) to changes in volume of a magma reservoir. Gravity changes (?g) combined with ground deformation provide information on magma reservoir mass changes. Our models predict how, during inflation, the observed ?g/?h gradient will evolve as a volcano develops from a state of dormancy through unrest into a state of explosive activity. Calderas in a state of unrest and large composite volcanoes are the targets for the methods proposed here and are exemplified by Campi Flegrei, Rabaul, Krafla, and Long Valley. We show here how the simultaneous measurement of deformation and gravity at only a few key stations can identify important precursory processes within a magma reservoir prior to the onset of more conventional eruption precursors.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/62/1/JVGR_paper_2002.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0377-0273</dc:source><dc:title>Detecting volcanic eruption precursors: a new method using gravity and deformation measurements</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Williams-Jones, Glyn</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Rymer, Hazel</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2002-03-30</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0377-0273(01)00272-4</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:61
Date: 2017-08-09

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:61</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-08-09T00:06:01Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>74797065733D61727469636C65</setSpec></header>
    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>One of the greatest remaining problems in modern volcanology is the process by which volcanic eruptions are triggered. It is generally accepted that eruptions are preceded by magma intrusion [Sigurdsson and Sparks, 1978]. The degree of interaction between previously ponded magma in a chamber and newly intruded magma determines the nature and rate of eruption and also the chemistry of erupted lavas and shallow dykes. Here, we investigate the physics of this interaction. Volcano monitoring at its most effective is a synergy between basic science and risk assessment, while hazard mitigation depends on reliable interpretation of eruption precursors. The simple and much used Mogi model relates ground deformation (?h) to changes in magma chamber volume. Gravity changes (?g) combined with ground deformation provide information on magma chamber mass changes. Our new models predict how the ?g/?h gradient will evolve as a volcano develops from a state of dormancy through unrest into a state of explosive activity. Thus by simultaneous measurement of deformation and gravity at a few key stations, magma chamber processes can be identified prior to the onset of conventional eruption precursors.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/61/1/Rymer_3_-_eruption_prediction.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0094-8276</dc:source><dc:title>Volcanic eruption prediction: Magma chamber physics from gravity and deformation measurements</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Rymer, Hazel</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Williams-Jones, Glyn</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2000</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/1999GL011293</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:60
Date: 2017-09-19

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:60</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-19T06:02:52Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>74797065733D61727469636C65</setSpec></header>
    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Hazard assessment and risk mitigation at restless calderas is only possible with adequate geophysical monitoring. We show here how detailed long-term micro-gravity and deformation surveys may contribute to hazard assessment at the Campi Flegrei caldera (CFc) in Italy by evaluating gravity–height change (Δg/Δh) gradients obtained during ground inflation and deflation between 1981 and 2001. Such gradients provide a framework from which to assess the likelihood and type of volcanic eruptions. Our new analysis of unrest at the CFc allows us to separate ‘noise’ during the gravity survey from the signal of deep-seated magmatic processes. This facilitates identification of the dynamics within the magma reservoir beneath the CFc. We found that magma replenishment during rapid uplift between 1982 and 1984 was insufficient, probably by one to two orders of magnitude, to trigger an eruption similar to the 1538 Monte Nuovo eruption, the most recent volcanic eruption within the CFc. Furthermore, our interpretation of Δg/Δh gradients for the ongoing period of deflation since 1984 suggests that eruptive volcanic activity is not imminent. Short periods of minor inflation associated with large gravity changes since 1981 are interpreted to reflect noise, which to some degree is probably due to sub-surface mass/density changes within shallow hydrothermal systems beneath the CFc, indicating no risk of eruptive volcanic activity. We propose that monitoring Δg/Δh gradients at restless calderas is essential as a caldera develops from a state of unrest to a state where volcanic eruptions have to be anticipated. Adoption of this method for the several tens of restless calderas world-wide will provide early warning of changes in or increase of activity at these supervolcanoes.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/60/1/Rymer_2_-_hazard_assessment.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0012-821X</dc:source><dc:title>Hazard assessment during caldera unrest at the Campi Flegrei, Italy: a contribution from gravity–height gradients</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Gottsmann, Joachim</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Berrino, Giovanna</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Rymer, Hazel</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Williams-Jones, Glyn</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003-05</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0012-821X(03)00225-5</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:59
Date: 2017-06-29

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:59</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-06-29T18:50:06Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>74797065733D61727469636C65</setSpec></header>
    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The 1975–1984 Krafla rifting episode was a major lava- and dyke-producing event associated with the release of extensional strain accumulated over more than 200 years at the divergent plate boundary in North Iceland. The present work provides a unique example of gravity decreases and increases sustained over a long period following a major eruptive episode at a rift volcano. After height correction, persistent net gravity decreases over the source of observed Mogi-type deflation occur with gravity increases occurring further away from this centre of deformation. Gravity decreases are interpreted in terms of drainage from a shallow magma chamber. The net gravity decreases require that at least 4×1010 kg of magma must have been drained during the 6-year observation period. Assuming a density of 2700 kg m−3, this magma would occupy 1.5×107 m3 and by analogy with results obtained for Kilauea, this implies a magma chamber volume change of 4.1×106 m3. This is consistent with the chamber volume change deduced from ground deformation data assuming a Poisson's ratio of 0.25 and a Mogi source. Net gravity increases are more spatially extensive and are most likely caused by migration of the steam–water interface and/or closure of micro-fractures in lavas above the magma chamber during post-eruptive cooling and contraction. We present a model for the Krafla magma chamber in which a cooling, contracting and draining magma body causes subsidence at the surface. These results contrast with observations from the Askja caldera, Iceland, where post-eruptive deflation has been shown to be accompanied by negligible net gravity changes above the Mogi-type source in the caldera. Long-term post-eruptive deflation and magma drainage have not been observed at subduction-related volcanoes; this may be a function of a difference in magma viscosity.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/59/1/Rymer_1_-_post-eruptive.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0377-0273</dc:source><dc:title>Post-eruptive gravity changes from 1990 to 1996 at Krafla volcano, Iceland</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Rymer, Hazel</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Cassidy, John</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Locke, Corinne A.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Sigmundsson, Freysteinn</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1998-12</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0377-0273(98)00092-4</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:58
Date: 2017-10-03

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:58</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-10-03T06:39:38Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>74797065733D61727469636C65</setSpec></header>
    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Complexity has been understood in different ways since its (re) introduction into scientific discourse. Therefore, instead of proposing a definition of complexity, we group the existing explanations about it into two distinct categories: descriptive and perceived complexity. The main features of these categories are described and how they arise as the result of the adoption of contrasting epistemologies is discussed. These categories together with their implications for our doing in the world are explored under the rubric of the 'epistemological problem of complexity'. The practical significance of the issues we address, especially as they relate to building capacity for systems practice, understood as a way of managing in situations of complexity, is also of concern. "Even when the individual trees are highly interesting and picturesque, it has use to see what the forest looks like in the large" (Rescher, 199S; xvii).</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/58/1/Human_knowing_etc1.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1521-3250</dc:source><dc:title>Human knowing and perceived complexity: implications for systems practice</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Schlindwein, Sandro Luis</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author id="http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9191-119X">Ison, Ray</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:57
Date: 2017-09-26

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:57</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-26T05:05:22Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>74797065733D636F6E666572656E63655F6974656D</setSpec></header>
    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>We describe an evolving praxeology for Systems Practice for managing complexity built on 30 years of developing supported open learning opportunities in the area of Systems within the curriculum of The Open University (UK). We ground this description in two specific examples of how notions of participation are incorporated conceptually and practically into a learners programme of study by considering: (i) the postgraduate course 'Environmental Decision Making. A Systems Approach' (T860) and (ii) the undergraduate course 'Managing complexity. A systems approach' (T306).</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/57/1/learning_paper_-_Ray.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>International Workshop on Teaching and Learning Participation in Higher Education</dc:source><dc:title>Learning participation as systems practice</dc:title><rioxxterms:author id="http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9191-119X">Ison, Ray</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author id="http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4365-8860">Blackmore, Chris</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Armson, Rosalind</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003-04</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:56
Date: 2017-09-18

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:56</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-18T19:44:25Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>One of the most significant and enduring ideas associated with the systems initiatives at Hawkesbury has been the inter-connections that were made there between systemic acts of development in the 'concrete world' and the abstract 'epistemic developments' of the actors who participate in them. Each is seen to be constitutive of the other in a profoundly systemic manner, with 'concrete events' being both influenced by and an influence on 'abstract ideas'. The embrace of critical experiential strategies, which themselves are regarded as essentially systemic and reflexive in nature, has been a central feature of the pedagogies, research processes, and engagement strategies that have been designed to better facilitate this inter-connection. As calls for more sustainable and equitable forms of development gather momentum across the globe, and the citizenry become increasingly engaged with issues that are seen to pose significant systemic global risks, the need for collective, communicative experiential strategies as systemic discourse, becomes evident.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/56/1/BAWDEN_END.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1092-7026</dc:source><dc:title>Systemic development at Hawkesbury: some personal lessons from experience</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bawden, Richard</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/sres.682</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:55
Date: 2016-11-29

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:55</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-11-29T21:03:21Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The paper will refer to research work that illustrates the researcher as chorographer (one practised in the art of systematic description of regions) and choreographer (one practised in the design of dance arrangements) of the emotions. The authors experienced this transformation when they developed and tested a conversational model of learning and change based on the biological systems work of Chilean scientist Humberto Maturana. Hawkesbury Agricultural College (which became part of the University of Western Sydney in 1989) was a fertile field for research and consulting that understood learning as change taking place in a relational space, over time, and as a consequence of engagements shaped by the participants' emotions. The use of participatory and collaborative methods to bring about change demanded an explanatory system that located the usefulness of these practices in what was understood as the biology of living systems and cognitive science.&#13;
&#13;
</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/55/1/Wiley_Ison_2005-March.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1092-7026</dc:source><dc:title>The researcher of human systems is both choreographer and chorographer</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Russell, David</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author id="http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9191-119X">Ison, Ray</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/sres.680</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:54
Date: 2017-08-16

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:54</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-08-16T13:25:06Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper describes the development of a software framework for predicting vegetation change within&#13;
the Astroni crater, a state nature reserve near Naples, Italy. ASTROMOD (ASTROni MODel), is designed to&#13;
allow the analysis of environmental and management scenarios in the crater, thus aiding the reserve's manager in effective decision making. ASTROMOD comprises a vegetation dynamics model developed for forest ecosystems, combined with models of environmental determinants. It integrates a user-friendly interface for visualising spatial data, a parameter database and a series of programming modules within Microsoft Excel. This approach is a significant departure from other spatial biophysical modelling approaches which require costly and complex software tools.&#13;
&#13;
</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/54/1/Copy_of_ASTROMOD.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1364-8152</dc:source><dc:title>ASTROMOD: a computer program integrating vegetation dynamics modelling, environmental modelling and spatial data visualisation in Microsoft Excel</dc:title><rioxxterms:author id="http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3546-4916">Berardi, Andrea</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2002</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1364-8152(02)00011-7</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:53
Date: 2016-10-06

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:53</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-10-06T12:38:15Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper describes recent developments in our approach to teaching computer programming in the context of a part-time Masters course taught at a distance. Within our course, students are sent a pack which contains integrated text, software and video course material, using a uniform graphical representation to tell a consistent story of how the programming language works. The students communicate with their tutors over the phone and through surface mail. &#13;
Through our empirical studies and experience teaching the course we have identified four current problems: (i) students' difficulty mapping between the graphical representations used in the course and the programs to which they relate, (ii) the lack of a conversational context for tutor help provided over the telephone, (iii) helping students who due to their other commitments tend to study at 'unsociable' hours, and (iv) providing software for the constantly changing and expanding range of platforms and operating systems used by students. &#13;
&#13;
We hope to alleviate these problems through our Internet Software Visualization Laboratory (ISVL), which supports individual exploration, and both synchronous and asynchronous communication. As a single user, students are aided by the extra mappings provided between the graphical representations used in the course and their computer programs, overcoming the problems of the original notation. ISVL can also be used as a synchronous communication medium whereby one of the users (generally the tutor) can provide an annotated demonstration of a program and its execution, a far richer alternative to technical discussions over the telephone. Finally, ISVL can be used to support asynchronous communication, helping students who work at unsociable hours by allowing the tutor to prepare short educational movies for them to view when convenient. The ISVL environment runs on a conventional web browser and is therefore platform independent, has modest hardware and bandwidth requirements, and is easy to distribute and maintain. Our planned experiments with ISVL will allow us to investigate ways in which new technology can be most appropriately applied in the service of distance education.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/53/1/domingue-97-1.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1365-893X</dc:source><dc:title>Teaching programming at a distance: the Internet software visualization laboratory</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Domingue, John</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mulholland, Paul</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1997-04-08</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:52
Date: 2017-02-08

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:52</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-02-08T20:39:04Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Most Higher Education institutions are involved in the creation of online materials to support their students' information literacy skills development – which is labour intensive, and inevitably results in a great deal of duplication of effort across the sector. A recent project, run jointly by SCONUL's Advisory Committee on Information Literacy and The Open University, addressed whether it is possible to create a generic information literacy course that can be delivered anywhere. The OU's standalone module, MOSAIC, which has been running for the last three years with positive feedback from students, provided an ideal starting point for the investigation.&#13;
&#13;
</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/52/1/PDF_CILIP_Update_article_Mosaic_reversion_2004_11.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1476-7171</dc:source><dc:title>Is a standalone IL course useful?</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Parker, Jo</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Needham, Gill</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Makin, June</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Morris, Debra</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:50
Date: 2017-09-23

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:50</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-23T07:35:52Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>By 2020, microprocessors will likely be as cheap and plentiful as scrap paper,scattered by the millions into the environment, allowing us to place intelligent systems everywhere. This will change everything around us, including the nature of commerce, the wealth of nations, and the way we communicate, work, play, and live. This will give us smart homes, cars, TVs , jewellery, and money. We will speak to our appliances, and they will speak back. Scientists also expect the Internet will wire up the entire planet and evolve into a membrane consisting of millions of computer networks, creating an “intelligent planet.” The Internet will eventually become a “Magic Mirror” that appears in fairy tales, able to speak with the wisdom of the human race.&#13;
Michio Kaku, Visions: How Science Will Revolutionize the Twenty - First Century, 1998&#13;
&#13;
If the semantic web needed a symbol, a good one to use would be a Navaho dream-catcher: a small web, lovingly hand-crafted, [easy] to look at, and rumored to catch dreams; but really more of a symbol than a reality.&#13;
Pat Hayes, Catching the Dreams, 2002&#13;
&#13;
Though it is almost impossible to envisage what the Web will be like by the end of the next decade, we can say with some certainty that it will have continued its seemingly unstoppable growth. Given the investment of time and money in the Semantic Web (Berners-Lee et al., 2001), we can also be sure that some form of semanticization will have taken place. This might be superficial - accomplished simply through the addition of loose forms of meta-data mark-up, or more principled – grounded in ontologies and formalised by means of emerging semantic web standards, such as RDF (Lassila and Swick, 1999) or OWL (Mc Guinness and van Harmelen, 2003). Whatever the case, the addition of semantic mark-up will make at least part of the Web more readily accessible to humans and their software agents and will facilitate agent interoperability.&#13;
If current research is successful there will also be a plethora of e-learning platforms making use of a varied menu of reusable educational material or learning objects. For the learner, the semanticized Web will, in addition, offer rich seams of diverse learning resources over and above the course materials (or learning objects) specified by course designers. For instance, the annotation registries, which provide access to marked up resources, will enable more focussed, ontologically-guided (or semantic) search. This much is already in development. But we can go much further. Semantic technologies make it possible not only to reason about the Web as if it is one extended knowledge base but also to provide a range of additional educational semantic web services such as summarization, interpretation or sense-making, structure-visualization, and support for argumentation.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/50/1/stutt-2004-10.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1365-893X</dc:source><dc:title>Semantic learning webs</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Stutt, Arthur</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author id="http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0015-1952">Motta, Enrico</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004-05-21</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:48
Date: 2017-02-10

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:48</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-02-10T05:47:37Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Narrative has long been used as an educational tool. This article explains how narrative, in the form of popular accounts, has been used to provide context, structure and broad appeal to a large-scale, entry-level university course on Information and Communication Technology (ICT). This course is delivered via the web with online tuition. Students' responses to the use of narrative and the scope of the material has been encouraging. It is argued that narrative performs an enculturation function that is often under-utilised in ICT education.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/48/1/JIME_weller-00-1.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1365-893X</dc:source><dc:title>The use of narrative to provide a cohesive structure for a web based computing course</dc:title><rioxxterms:author id="http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8339-146X">Weller, Martin J.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2000-08-15</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:47
Date: 2017-02-09

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      <datestamp>2017-02-09T19:02:06Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>A multimedia CD makes an impressive resource for the scholar-researcher, but students unfamiliar with the subject-matter may not always work so effectively with such a resource. Without any narrative structure, how does the novice cope? The paper describes how we are investigating the design features that 'afford' activities that generate learning: What are the design features that encourage students to practise the role of the scholar? What encourages them to explore, but also to reflect on their analysis of the data they find? What kind of learning takes place when students are allowed to explore at will? The paper goes on to compare the learning experiences of students using commercial CDs with those using material with contrasting designs, in an attempt to identify the design features that afford constructive learning activities. It concludes with an interpretation of the findings, comparing them with work in related educational media, and situating the findings in the context of a conversational framework for learning.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/47/1/JIME_laurillard-00-2.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1365-893X</dc:source><dc:title>Affordances for learning in a non-linear narrative medium</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Laurillard, Diana</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Stratfold, Matthew</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Luckin, Rose</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Plowman, Lydia</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Taylor, Josie</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2000-08-15</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:46
Date: 2017-02-07

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      <datestamp>2017-02-07T12:40:08Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Art Explorer is an innovative multimedia system being designed and developed within the Institute of Educational Technology, at The Open University. Based on an analogy to dreams, Art Explorer is structured into several episodes. Each episode is designed to help beginning students of Art History foster personal constructs about paintings and develop a richer understanding of how their perceptions of paintings work. This discussion focuses on the pedagogic rationale motivating Art Explorer's development and is structured around two strands of a design story. First, it highlights the research behind the design. The reported research is about learners' problems - most specifically about the varying conceptual, perceptual and affective challenges learners face as they begin to study Art History. But, more broadly, it is about the problems faced by learners as they begin academic study and seek to engage with the knowledge and methods of discipline experts. Secondly, and it is argued, as a second pedagogic priority, the spotlight shifts to multimedia. The discussion tracks design decisions that aim both to exploit the potential of the medium and to match pre-identified learner needs. The ingredients of Art Explorer are described to illustrate some of the rich potential of the medium for negotiating understanding between teacher and learner.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/46/1/durbridge-96-1.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1365-893X</dc:source><dc:title>Varying the texture: a study of art, learning and multimedia</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Durbridge, N.H.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Stratfold, M.P.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1996-12-02</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:44
Date: 2017-02-08

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      <datestamp>2017-02-08T20:47:46Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>In this paper we explore the role of theories in current practice in educational technology. We review a range of writings from the past 30 years on the nature of learning technology research. We discuss influences on learning technologies from the related fields of Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIED) and Human-Computer Interaction (HCI). We identify two groups of theories which have been used. The first group are related to principled decisions about the design of learning materials. The second group influence the ways in which we frame our research on learning. Research in learning technologies in the future will need to draw on both groups of theories. In this paper, we draw on our own experiences as educational technologists and the purpose of the paper is to encourage other educational technologists to join with us in reflecting on their own use of theories.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/44/1/issroff-scanlon-02-6.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1365-893X</dc:source><dc:title>Educational Technology: The influence of theory</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Issroff, Kim</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Scanlon, Eileen</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2002-07-25</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:43
Date: 2017-10-04

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:43</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-10-04T16:26:07Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>74797065733D61727469636C65</setSpec></header>
    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Background&#13;
Expansion of an unstable (CGG)n repeat to over 200 triplets within the promoter region of the human FMR1 gene leads to extensive local methylation and transcription silencing, resulting in the loss of FMRP protein and the development of the clinical features of fragile X syndrome. The causative link between (CGG)n expansion, methylation and gene silencing is unknown, although gene silencing is associated with extensive changes to local chromatin architecture.&#13;
&#13;
Results&#13;
In order to determine the direct effects of increased repeat length on gene transcription in a chromatin context, we have examined the influence of FMR1 (CGG)n repeats upon transcription from the HSV thymidine kinase promoter in the Xenopus laevis oocyte. We observe a reduction in mRNA production directly associated with increasing repeat length, with a 90% reduction in mRNA production from arrays over 100 repeats in length. Using a kinetic approach, we show that this transcriptional repression is concomitant with chromatin maturation and, using in vitro transcription, we show that chromatin formation is a fundamental part of the repressive pathway mediated by (CGG)n repeats. Using Trichostatin A, a histone deacetylase inhibitor, we show reactivation of the silenced promoter.&#13;
&#13;
Conclusions&#13;
Thus, isolated fragile X associated (CGG)n repeat arrays can exert a modifying and transcriptionally repressive influence over adjacent promoters and this repressive phenomenon is, in part, mediated by histone deacetylation.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/43/1/1471-2199-4-3.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1471-2199</dc:source><dc:title>Fragile X (CGG)n repeats induce a transcriptional repression in cis upon a linked promoter: evidence for a chromatin mediated effect</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Chandler, Simon P.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kansagra, Pushpa</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hirst, Mark C.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003-03</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2199-4-3</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:41
Date: 2016-10-04

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:41</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-10-04T09:41:54Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The critical role of inappropriate inflammation is becoming accepted in many diseases that affect man, including cardiovascular diseases, inflammatory and autoimmune disorders, neurodegenerative conditions, infection and cancer.&#13;
This review proposes that cancer up-regulates the angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor through systemic oxidative stress and hypoxia mechanisms, thereby triggering chronic inflammatory processes to remodel surrounding tissue and subdue the immune system. Based on current literature and clinical studies on angiotensin receptor inhibitors, the paper concludes that blockade of the AT1 receptor in synergy with cancer vaccines and anti-inflammatory agents should offer a therapy to regress most, if not all, solid tumours.&#13;
With regard to cancer being a systemic disease, an examination of supporting evidence for a systemic role of AT1 in relationship to inflammation in disease and injury is presented as a logical progression. The evidence suggests that regulation of the mutually antagonistic angiotensin II receptors (AT1 and AT2) is an essential process in the management of inflammation and wound recovery, and that it is an imbalance in the expression of these receptors that leads to disease.&#13;
In consideration of cancer induced immune suppression, it is further postulated that the inflammation associated with bacterial and viral infections, is also an evolved means of immune suppression by these pathogens and that the damage caused, although incidental, leads to the symptoms of disease and, in some cases, death.&#13;
It is anticipated that manipulation of the angiotensin system with existing anti-hypertensive drugs could provide a new approach to the treatment of many of the diseases that afflict mankind.</dc:description><dc:format>text/html</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/41/1/Journal_of_Inflammation__Full_text__Cancer%2C_inflammation_and_the_AT1_and_AT2_receptors.htm</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1476-9255</dc:source><dc:title>Cancer, inflammation and the AT1 and AT2 receptors</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Smith, Gary Robert</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Missailidis, Sotiris</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004-09-30</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1476-9255-1-3</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:39
Date: 2017-10-04

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      <datestamp>2017-10-04T07:06:08Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper sets out and applies a new methodology for determining whether or not economic activity is environmentally sustainable. By comparing current environmental impacts with standards of environmental sustainability, it calculates the 'sustainability gaps' (SGAPs) with respect to different environmental impacts. For the UK, SGAPs are computed for CO2, SO2, and other air pollutants. Across none of these environmental themes can current UK use of the environment be said to be sustainable. The SGAP indicators can be combined with current trends to show how long it would take, on continuation of the trends, for the sustainability standard to be attained. The paper calls this indicator the 'Years to Sustainability' (YS) measure. For the policy objective of sustainable development to be made fully operational, it is necessary for the concept of environmental sustainability to be clearly defined by quantitative indicators. On the basis of the indicators set out in this paper it can be judged whether economic activity is moving towards or away from environmental sustainability, and at what speed.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/39/1/Simon_Sustainability_Gap.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0921-8009</dc:source><dc:title>Estimating sustainability gaps: methods and preliminary applications for the UK and the Netherlands</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Ekins, Paul</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Simon, Sandrine</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2001</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8009(00)00279-2</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:38
Date: 2017-09-04

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:38</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-04T23:41:40Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper develops a methodology for identifying that natural capital—called critical natural capital (CNC)—the maintenance of which is essential for environmental sustainability. By consideration of the characteristics of natural capital, of the environmental functions that these characteristics enable natural capital to perform and of the importance of these functions to humans and the biosphere, it shows how sustainability standards in respect of these environmental functions may be derived. The difference between the current situation and these standards is termed the sustainability gap. The methodology that emerges from bringing these ideas together into a single analytical framework enables policy makers to identify the extent of current unsustainability, the principal causes of it, the elements and processes of natural capital (the CNC) which need to be maintained or restored to close the sustainability gap and the costs of so doing. The framework should therefore be of use in identifying priorities and policies for moving towards environmental sustainability.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/38/1/CRITINC_Framework_for_Pract._App.EcolEcon.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0921-8009</dc:source><dc:title>A Framework for the practical application of the concepts of critical natural capital and strong sustainability</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Ekins, Paul</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Simon, Sandrine</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Deutsch, Lisa</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Folke, Carl</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>De Groot, Rudolf</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003-03</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8009(02)00272-0</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:37
Date: 2017-06-09

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      <datestamp>2017-06-09T15:43:38Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper investigates why and how systems approaches can help in evaluating the design of new Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) as social learning platforms. It focuses on the prototypes created by the research project Virtualis , whose objective is to promote social learning on environmental concepts and practices amongst a variety of stakeholders. &#13;
The paper presents the principles of systems thinking and practice that did help in formulating such evaluation processes. It illustrates both how a peer systemic evaluation process within the research team and a participatory evaluation process (involving potential future users of the ICTs) were carried out.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/37/1/SPAR_2004_Simon.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1094-429X</dc:source><dc:title>Systemic evaluation methodology: the emergence of social learning from environmental ICT prototypes</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Simon, Sandrine</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004-10</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11213-004-5789-7</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:36
Date: 2016-11-29

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:36</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-11-29T21:46:31Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The authors of this paper have been engaged in Systems Thinking, Systems Practice and Systems Teaching for many years. In this paper they reflect on their experience of engaging systemically with their own organisation in order to bring about change. Re-structuring the Systems Department of the UK's Open University to create new sites for emergence of fresh ideas, interests and enthusiasms raised questions about meaning and purpose as well as theoretical questions about practice. The authors describe their own attempts to answer these questions and to manage their own evolving understandings and emotionings by reflecting on some critical incidents. </dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/36/1/fish_out_of_water_-_ray_and_rose.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>American Society for Cybernetics 2001 Conference</dc:source><dc:title>If you're a fish, what can you know about the water?</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Armson, Rosalind</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author id="http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9191-119X">Ison, Ray</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2001</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:35
Date: 2016-11-29

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:35</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-11-29T22:02:26Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>Higher education (HE) around the world is undergoing transition. But what type of thinking is governing this change? Will the change be more of the same – predominantly first order change - or will the sector be managed in such a way as to create whole system change - second order change? Or alternatively, will secondorder&#13;
change occur as the result of technological forces and ex post accommodations to these? These were some of the questions facing participants at a one day seminar in July 1997 called "Applying Systems Thinking to Higher Education" hosted by the Systems Discipline at the Open University (OU) in the UK. The seminar took advantage of the coming together of international systems thinkers and practitioners for the UK Systems Society Biennial Conference (Stowell et al 1997). Presentations were made from systems thinkers and practitioners responsible for, or involved in, creative and innovative systemic approaches to teaching, researching and managing HE in the US, Australia, UK, South Africa and India amongst others.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/35/1/1998HigherEdIntro.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1092-7026</dc:source><dc:title>Guest Editorial: applying systems thinking to higher education</dc:title><rioxxterms:author id="http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9191-119X">Ison, Ray</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1999</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:33
Date: 2017-03-23

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:33</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-03-23T19:22:04Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Operational research (OR) and environmental planning for sustainable development share three characteristics: first, both have wide boundaries in terms of clientele, range of methodological approaches used, and attention to multiple (and often conflicting) values; second, both traditions have an interest in fostering interdisciplinarity; third, both traditions are concerned with the implementation, as well as the design, of planning strategies. In a literature review and interviews with stakeholders associated with both traditions, three generic issues were found to recur: complexity and uncertainty (regarding the unpredictability of natural and social phenomena); multiple and often conflicting values (of those involved in environmental planning); and political effects (on those not involved in planning processes, including non-human nature). This paper reveals a pattern of how these generic issues are perceived in the public, business and voluntary sectors, and explains how, through a series of workshops and a mini-conference, three interrelated agendas for future action by systems/OR practitioners took shape.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/33/1/Midgley_and_Reynolds_04_prePub.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0968-0802</dc:source><dc:title>Systems/operational research and sustainable development: Towards a new agenda</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Midgley, Gerald</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Reynolds, Martin</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2004-02</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/sd.218</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:28
Date: 2017-03-23

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      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:28</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-03-23T06:25:30Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>My research examines the performance of natural resource-use information systems. I question why such systems, despite receiving substantial financial and human investment, appear to have a weak impact on projects, programs, and policy intended for rural poverty alleviation in developing countries. Drawing on my understanding of the process of unfolding introduced by C. West Churchman, and its particular relationship to Habermasian constitutive interests, I reflect on my experiences of using the concept during fieldwork undertaken in Botswana. The concept is found useful on two fronts: first, it provides a purposeful guide for gathering and processing information/knowledge—what I have termed an epistemological intent; second, it provides a useful template for evaluating other information systems; in particular, the role of expertise—what I have termed an ontological intent. The process of unfolding, as I understand it, also provides an invitation for constructive (rather than self-indulgent) personal reflection: what might be termed a constitutive reflexive intent. By making information gathering and knowledge generation less mystical and a more transparent social activity, the conceptual and practical application of the process of unfolding can help toward retrieving inquiry as being a purposeful, openly political, and thereby less deceptive engagement: features which I believe are found particularly wanting in the business of rural development information gathering.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/28/1/eprint_6.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1094-429X</dc:source><dc:title>'Unfolding' natural resource-use information systems: fieldwork in Botswana</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Reynolds, Martin</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>1998-04</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1022925317711</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:27
Date: 2017-03-23

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>A week-long intensive process of staff development and induction called Rapid Institutional Appraisal (RIA) was conducted in November 2000 in the Systems Discipline, Centre for Complexity and Change (CCC), at the Open University. We report the systemic roots and characteristics of the RIA as designed from traditions of soft systems methodology and rapid rural appraisal. Our experiences arising from our own use of RIA are described and the wider implications for organizational learning in a complex organization discussed. While acknowledging limitations with this RIA event, we argue that RIA offers a potential model for staff development for adaptive use in different contexts and on varying scales. The process builds on principles of "conversation" and "multiple perspectives" as the touchstone for establishing a purposeful community of practice.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/27/1/RIA_SPAR.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1094-429X</dc:source><dc:title>Rapid institutional appraisal</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Armson, R.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author id="http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9191-119X">Ison, R.L.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Short, L.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author id="http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6986-6476">Ramage, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Reynolds, M.</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2001-12</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1013182429327</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:25
Date: 2017-02-08

RIOXX

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:25</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-02-08T17:52:35Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>A summary of multi-format subject guide production at the Open University Library is provided to justify the decision to develop a new system for their production using a commercial CM system. A detailed consideration of the design and implementation stages is given before a critical review of the project outcome.&#13;
&#13;
</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/25/1/lib_subject_guides.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0033-0337</dc:source><dc:title>Library subject guides: a content management case study at the Open University, UK</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Wales, Tim</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2005</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/00330330510595698</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:23
Date: 2016-10-05

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
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RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:23</identifier>
      <datestamp>2016-10-05T10:47:13Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper sets out an illustrative application to the UK of a new framework for identifying critical natural capital (CNC). This involves classifying the characteristics of natural capital and the environmental functions to which it gives rise, and then defining standards of environmental sustainability for these functions. The framework then relates these functions to the economic system, through the input/output tables, in order to identify the pressures on the functions and hence the extent to which the functions are not being maintained at a sustainable level. The framework is worked though in some detail for water, with less detailed application of it to air, land and habitats. The methodology can be used to identify areas of environmental unsustainability and the processes to which this unsustainability is due, so that policies to move towards sustainability may be more easily identified.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/23/1/Sandrine_EcologicalEconomicsPublicat.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0921-8009</dc:source><dc:title>An illustrative application of the CRITINC framework to the UK</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Ekins, Paul</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Simon, Sandrine</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003-03</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8009(02)00277-X</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:6
Date: 2017-02-09

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is a valid RIOXX record

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:6</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-02-09T16:26:26Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Describes how the Open University is embedding electronic library resources and services into e-learning.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/6/1/The_OU_goes_digital_article_CILIP_Update_Feb031b.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>Library and Information Update</dc:source><dc:title>The OU goes digital</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Ramsden, Anne</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2003</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:2
Date: 2017-02-14

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
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RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:2</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-02-14T19:12:36Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper provides an overview of the Open University's newly validated work based pre-registration nursing programme including the Library's involvement in the programme. The programme's educational philosophy, aims and objectives are outlined. The paper discusses the ways in which information literacy skills are being integrated into the programme to help the students develop the skills they need to deliver care based on current evidence, best practice and validated research.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/2/1/LIBARTVICEprints.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>1471-1834</dc:source><dc:title>Working in partnership to deliver an innovative pre-registration nursing programme</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Thomas, Judy</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Arrowsmith, Vickie</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:publication_date>2002-11</rioxxterms:publication_date><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1471-1842.2002.00387.x</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:oro.open.ac.uk:43210
Date: 2017-10-05

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is a valid RIOXX record

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:oro.open.ac.uk:43210</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-10-05T10:54:58Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>74797065733D636F6E666572656E63655F6974656D</setSpec></header>
    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Researchers are taking repository download statistics more seriously than ever before, and are citing them in funding bids as evidence of previous impact. The repository staff are receiving more enquiries relating to download statistics as time goes on, so having the most accurate and reliable statistics available is becoming clear. Having them available in a way that requires the least intervention of repository staff would allow for more efficient dealings with other repository tasks, such as deposit review, etc.&#13;
&#13;
In this paper, I look at the issues faced with incorporating, into the repository, statistics from IRUS-UK (Institutional Repository Usage Statistics, UK based) – a JISC supported, centralized system which collates the download statistics for 75 UK repositories, ensuring better than COUNTER compliance. I also consider the choices to be made with regards to comparisons to locally derived statistics (IRStats2) and how to obtain and present them without overburdening the central system.&#13;
&#13;
Finally I look to what opportunities the near future may hold, with reference to my participation on the IRUS-UK community Advisory Group and the NISO SUSHI-Lite Working Group to establish a light-weight RESTful standard for SUSHI services and how these might be incorporated into the repository.</dc:description><dc:format>application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://oro.open.ac.uk/43210/1/OR2015%20Alan%20Stiles%20Wed%202015-06-10%20P5B.pptx</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:relation>https://www.conftool.com/or2015/index.php/Stiles-Incorporating_COUNTER_compliant_download_statistics_into_an_EPrints_repository-25_a.pptx?page=downloadPaper&amp;filename=Stiles-Incorporating_COUNTER_compliant_download_statistics_into_an_EPrints_repository-25_</dc:relation><dc:relation>https://www.conftool.com/or2015/index.php?page=browseSessions&amp;form_session=60</dc:relation><dc:source>OR2015:10th International Conference on Open Repositories</dc:source><dc:title>Incorporating IRUS-UK statistics into an EPrints repository</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2015-03-31</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author id="http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3343-1088">Stiles, Alan</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>

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