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Sample date:  2017-10-05
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ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:352
Date: 2017-09-07

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is a valid RIOXX record

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:352</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T02:01:15Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>A combined experimental and computational study suggests that a reduction in the entropy of activation in the solid state can lead to the protodeboronation of boronic acids.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/352/3/OBC_8.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Royal society of Chemistry</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25604694</dc:relation><dc:source>1477-0539</dc:source><dc:subject>QD</dc:subject><dc:title>A mechanistic proposal for the protodeboronation of neat boronic acids: boronic acid mediated reaction in the solid state.</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2015-01-09</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author>Noonan, G</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Leach, AG</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c4ob02543a</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:350
Date: 2017-09-06

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is a valid RIOXX record

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
dcterms:dateAcceptedMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dcterms:dateAccepted - found 0 values
ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:350</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-06T20:35:51Z</datestamp>
      <setSpec>7374617475733D707562</setSpec>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Environments undergo short-term and long-term changes due to natural or human-induced events. Animals differ in their ability to cope with such changes which can be related to their ecology. Changes in the environment often elicit avoidance reactions (neophobia) which protect animals from dangerous situations but can also inhibit exploration and familiarization with novel situations and thus, learning about new resources. Studies investigating the relationship between a species' ecology and its neophobia have so far been restricted to comparing only a few species and mainly in captivity. The current study investigated neophobia reactions to experimentally-induced changes in the natural environment of six closely-related blackbird species (Icteridae), including two species represented by two distinct populations. For analyses, neophobic reactions (difference in number of birds feeding and time spent feeding with and without novel objects) were related to several measures of ecological plasticity and the migratory strategy (resident or migratory) of the population. Phylogenetic relationships were incorporated into the analysis. The degree of neophobia was related to migratory strategy with migrants expressing much higher neophobia (fewer birds feeding and for a shorter time with objects present) than residents. Furthermore, neophobia showed a relationship to diet breadth with fewer individuals of diet generalists than specialists returning when objects were present supporting the dangerous niche hypothesis. Residents may have evolved lower neophobia as costs of missing out on opportunities may be higher for residents than migrants as the former are restricted to a smaller area. Lower neophobia allows them approaching changes in the environment (e.g. novel objects) quickly, thereby securing access to resources. Additionally, residents have a greater familiarity with similar situations in the area than migrants and the latter may, therefore, initially stay behind resident species.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/350/1/Migratory%20New%20World%20blackbirds%20%28icterids%29%20are%20more%20neophobic%20than%20closely%20related%20resident%20icterids..pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Public Library of Science</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23460875</dc:relation><dc:source>1932-6203</dc:source><dc:subject>QH301</dc:subject><dc:subject>QL</dc:subject><dc:title>Migratory New World blackbirds (icterids) are more neophobic than closely related resident icterids.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Mettke-Hofmann, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Winkler, H</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hamel, PB</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Greenberg, R</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0057565</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:349
Date: 2017-09-08

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is a valid RIOXX record

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
dcterms:dateAcceptedMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dcterms:dateAccepted - found 0 values
ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:349</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-08T06:55:35Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Consistent individual differences in behaviour observed within a population are termed ‘personality’. Studies of personality typically test subjects in isolation, ignoring the potential effects of the social environment, which might restrict the expression of individual behaviour via conformity, or enhance it by facilitation. The Gouldian finch, Erythrura gouldiae, exhibits polymorphism in head colour (red or black) which is related to different personalities: black-headed birds are bolder and less aggressive than red-headed birds. As such, this species provides a unique opportunity to investigate the effects of the presence of a social partner on the expression of individual behaviour. Using two behavioural tests that reflect individual ‘boldness’, exploration of a novel object and time taken to return to feeding following a predator threat, we show that Gouldian finches adjusted their behaviour according to the personality of their partners: where a bird's partner was bolder, it became bolder; where a bird's partner was shyer, it became shyer. This social conformity effect was reduced, however, for black-headed birds paired with red-headed partners in the novel object test; in keeping with previous research findings, bolder individuals were less plastic in their responses. Since variation in personality can promote group cohesion and improve the functioning of social groups in a variety of contexts, we hypothesize that head colour could act as a cue, facilitating preferential associations with those of similar or dissimilar personalities in large mobile flocks of Gouldian finches.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/349/1/King_et_al_2015_Anim_Behav_accepted_version.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier Masson</dc:publisher><dc:source>1095-8282</dc:source><dc:subject>QH301</dc:subject><dc:subject>QL</dc:subject><dc:title>The effects of social conformity on Gouldian finch personality</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>King, AJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Williams, LJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mettke-Hofmann, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:348
Date: 2017-09-09

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is a valid RIOXX record

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
dcterms:dateAcceptedMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dcterms:dateAccepted - found 0 values
ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:348</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-09T04:29:45Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The Internet of Things (IoT) will result in the deployment of many billions of wireless embedded systems creating interactive pervasive environments. It is envisaged that devices will cooperate to provide greater system knowledge than the sum of its parts. In an emergency situation, the flow of data across the IoT may be disrupted, giving rise to a requirement for machine-to-machine interaction within the remaining ubiquitous environment. Geographic hash tables (GHTs) provide an efficient mechanism to support fault-tolerant rendezvous communication between devices. However, current approaches either rely on devices being equipped with a GPS or being manually assigned an identity. This is unrealistic when the majority of these systems will be located inside buildings and will be too numerous to expect manual configuration. Additionally, when using GHT as a distributed data store, imbalance in the topology can lead to storage and routing overhead. This causes unfair work load, exhausting limited power supplies as well as causing poor data redundancy. To deal with these issues, we propose an approach that balances graph-based layout identity assignment, through the application of multifitness genetic algorithms. Our experiments show through simulation that our multifitness evolution technique improves on the initial graph-based layout, providing devices with improved balance and reachability metrics.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/348/1/iotpaper.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>IEEE</dc:publisher><dc:source>2327-4662</dc:source><dc:subject>QA75</dc:subject><dc:title>Position-relative identities in the internet of things: An evolutionary GHT approach</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Attwood, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Lamb, DJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Abuelmaatti, O</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JIOT.2014.2353194</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:340
Date: 2015-06-04

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is a valid RIOXX record

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:340</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-06-04T13:03:51Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The purpose of this action research case study was to investigate the impact of selected teaching strategies aimed at addressing and reducing the significance of the social and psychological factors affecting pupil motivation within a specific Physical Education class. The teaching strategies selected for use included co-construction, collaborative learning, scaffolding and pupil groupings. These were chosen to encourage and facilitate personalised learning and active engagement, whilst promoting changes in behavior by identifying and overcoming barriers to learning, with the ultimate aim to encourage the development of physically literate individuals with the motivation, confidence, physical competence, knowledge and understanding, who value and take responsibility for maintaining purposeful physical activity throughout the lifecourse (Whitehead, 2013). The results of the study found that the combination of co-construction, collaborative learning and scaffolding, along with optimal groupings, developed and improved motivation, effort and engagement levels within this particular class. This study was successful as it placed the learner at the centre of focus. This facilitated opportunities for personalized learning and active engagement, which supported changes in behaviours by overcoming barriers to learning. By structuring learning tasks as a collaborative mastery endeavor it enabled the redefinition of gender and social stereotypes within the class, allowing the students’ sense of self to be preserved and protected from negative comparisons and comments by peers, allowing them to enjoy and reconnect with their own learning, which promoted physical literacy values, attitudes and competencies helping learners move towards becoming physically literate and autonomous in this nature.</dc:description><dc:format>application/msword</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/340/1/ICSSPE%20Bulletin%20-%20Engaging%20Disengaged%20Students%20Case%20Study%20%5BEJM%5D.doc</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>International Council of Sport Science and Physical Education</dc:publisher><dc:relation>https://www.icsspe.org/bookshop/bulletin/no-65-cd-rom</dc:relation><dc:source>1728-5909</dc:source><dc:subject>L1</dc:subject><dc:title>How can motivation levels of female pupils be improved within KS3 Basketball Physical Education lessons?</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2013-10-01</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author>Myers, EJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:contributor>Weinberg, B</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:338
Date: 2017-09-07

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is a valid RIOXX record

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:338</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T13:19:38Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Mindfulness has been described as a state of awareness characterized by refined attentional skills and a non-evaluative attitude toward internal and external events. Recently it has been suggested that higher levels of mindfulness may be beneficial in the workplace and first programs aiming to increase mindful awareness in occupational settings have been introduced. The current study underpins these developments with empirical evidence regarding the involved psychological processes, by investigating the relationship between dispositional mindfulness, work engagement and well-being in 299 adults in fulltime employment. As hypothesized, the results confirm that self-reported mindfulness predicts work engagement and general well-being. Furthermore, these relationships are mediated by positive job-related affect and psychological capital (hope, optimism, resiliency, and self-efficacy). Investigating mindfulness and psychological capital as multi-faceted concepts by means of structural equation modeling yielded a more precise picture. The ability to step back from automatic, habitual reactions to distress turned out to be the mindfulness facet most central for predicting work engagement and well-being. Furthermore, mindfulness exerts its positive effect on work engagement by increasing positive affect, hope, and optimism, which on their own and in combination enhance work engagement (full mediation). Well-being, on the other hand, is directly influenced by mindfulness, which exerts additional indirect influence via positive affect, hope and optimism (partial mediation). Although exploratory in nature, the results identify non-reactivity and non-judging as important mindfulness skills in the workplace.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/338/1/MalinowskiLim2015.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer Verlag</dc:publisher><dc:source>1868-8535</dc:source><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:title>Mindfulness at Work: Positive Affect, Hope, and Optimism Mediate the Relationship Between Dispositional Mindfulness, Work Engagement, and Well-Being</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2015-01-10</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author>Malinowski, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Lim, HJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12671-015-0388-5</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:336
Date: 2017-09-09

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is a valid RIOXX record

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:336</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-09T18:29:06Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Developing markets have been shown to have institutional frameworks that differ from that in developed economies and greatly affects the transaction costs in the market which favours the use of the collaborative mode of entry. This study argues conditions exist in unstable developing markets that support the use of the wholly owned subsidiary. It discusses these conditions from empirical analysis of the conditions in the Nigerian market and introduces the need for research to focus on a wider perspective on entry mode research suggesting a look at not just cost minimization measures, but also value creation and the notion of strategic flexibility under uncertainty as advocated by the real options theory.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/336/1/GBR%20paper%20VOL%202%20NO%204.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>International Journal of Business Review.</dc:publisher><dc:source>GSTF International Journal of Business Review.</dc:source><dc:subject>HF</dc:subject><dc:title>Foreign Retail Entry Strategy: Empirical support for the use of the independent entry strategy in an uncertain developing market environment</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2013-05-24</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author>Analogbei, MA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:335
Date: 2017-09-07

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is a valid RIOXX record

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:projectMinimum of 1 value(s) required for rioxxterms:project - found 0 values
dcterms:dateAcceptedMinimum of 1 value(s) required for dcterms:dateAccepted - found 0 values
ali:license_refMinimum of 1 value(s) required for ali:license_ref - found 0 values
<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:335</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T13:09:12Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>In the areas adjacent to the drowned Pleistocene continent of Sunda - present-day Mainland and Island SE Asia - the Austronesian Hypothesis of a diaspora of rice cultivators from Taiwan ~4200 years ago has often been linked with the start of farming. Mounting evidence suggests that these developments should not be conflated and that alternative explanations should be considered, including indigenous inception of complex patterns of plant food production and early exchange of plants, animals, technology and genes. We review evidence for widespread forest disturbance in the Early Holocene which may accompany the beginnings of complex food-production. Although often insubstantial, evidence for incipient and developing management of rainforest vegetation and of developing complex relationships with plants is present, and early enough to suggest that during the Early to mid-Holocene this vast region was marked by different approaches to plant food production. The trajectory of the increasingly complex relationships between people and their food organisms was strongly locally contingent and in many cases did not result in the development of agricultural systems that were recognisable as such at the time of early European encounters. Diverse resource management economies in the Sunda and neighbouring regions appear to have accompanied rather than replaced a reliance on hunting and gathering. This, together with evidence for Early Holocene interaction between these neighbours, gives cause for us to question some authors continued adherence to a singular narrative of the Austronesian Hypothesis and the 'Neolithisation' of this part of the world. It also leads us to suggest that the forests of this vast region are, to an extent, a cultural artefact.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/335/1/Hunt%20Rabett%202014%20JAS.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>0305-4403</dc:source><dc:subject>CC</dc:subject><dc:subject>Q1</dc:subject><dc:title>Holocene landscape intervention and plant food production strategies in island and mainland Southeast Asia</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Hunt, CO</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Rabett, RJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2013.12.011</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:334
Date: 2017-05-16

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><ali:license_ref start_date="2015-01-16">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref><dc:description>Monuron (1,1-dimethyl-3-(4-chlorophenyl)urea) is a non-selective phenylurea herbicide, widely used in developing countries although concerns have been raised about its toxicity and carcinogenicity. Monuron was evaluated by the National Toxicology Program in 1988 and shown to be a male rat-specific renal carcinogen. We report that oral administration of Monuron to male rats for 3 days, leads to a larger number of genes being differentially expressed in the renal-cortex than in the liver. Further, we observed up-regulation of cell cycle genes and genes involved in cell proliferation in the renal-cortex while in the liver xenobiotic metabolising enzymes were up-regulated. We also identified one commonly down-regulated gene in both organs – fragile histidine triad gene (Fhit), a putative tumour suppressor gene; however the down-regulation was only significant at the protein level in the liver. In addition, we conducted in vitro whole-genome transcriptomics studies with human and rat renal cortical cells. Rat cells exposed to Monuron showed down-regulation of sterol biosynthesis, spliceosome and cell cycle genes and up-regulation of genes involved in amino acid metabolism and transport. No genes were found to be differentially expressed in human cells exposed to Monuron. Overall, the findings from the in vitro studies showed very little overlap with the whole animal findings.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/334/5/Transcriptomic%20alterations%20induced%20by%20Monuron%20in%20rat%20and%20human%20renal%20proximal%20tubule%20cells%20in%20vitro%20and%20comparison%20to%20rat%20renal-cortex%20in%20vivo%20.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Royal Society of Chemistry</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=WOS:000350552900023&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>2045-452X</dc:source><dc:subject>QD</dc:subject><dc:subject>QH301</dc:subject><dc:title>Transcriptomic alterations induced by Monuron in rat and human renal proximal tubule cells in vitro and comparison to rat renal-cortex in vivo</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2015-01-03</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author>Bloch, KM</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Yaqoob, N</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Sharma, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Evans, AR</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Aschauer, L</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Radford, R</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jennings, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ryan, MP</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Van Delft, JHM</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Lock, EA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c4tx00113c</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:333
Date: 2017-09-06

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      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:333</identifier>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Multi-muscle EMG time-series are highly correlated and time dependent yet traditional statistical analysis of scalars from an EMG time-series fails to account for such dependencies. This paper promotes the use of SPM vector-field analysis for the generalised analysis of EMG time-series. We reanalysed a publicly available dataset of Young versus Adult EMG gait data to contrast scalar and SPM vector-field analysis. Independent scalar analyses of EMG data between 35% and 45% stance phase showed no statistical differences between the Young and Adult groups. SPM vector-field analysis did however identify statistical differences within this time period. As scalar analysis failed to consider the multi-muscle and time dependence of the EMG time-series it exhibited Type II error. SPM vector-field analysis on the other hand accounts for both dependencies whilst tightly controlling for Type I and Type II error making it highly applicable to EMG data analysis. Additionally SPM vector-field analysis is generalizable to linear and non-linear parametric and non-parametric statistical models, allowing its use under constraints that are common to electromyography and kinesiology.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/333/1/Robinson%20et%20al%20SPM%20for%20alpha%20based%20statistical%20analysis%20of%20multi-muscle%20EMG.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25465983</dc:relation><dc:source>10506411</dc:source><dc:subject>Q1</dc:subject><dc:title>Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM) for alpha-based statistical analyses of multi-muscle EMG time-series.</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2014-11</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author>Robinson, MA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Vanrenterghem, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Pataky, TC</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2014.10.018</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:332
Date: 2015-02-05

RIOXX

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      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:332</identifier>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>On-line gaming coupled with virtual world development and social networking are at the forefront of next generation entertainment. In parallel, there is an unprecedented push to equip every device with networking capabilities. However, there is little evidence to suggest that these distinct technological trends will converge rather than just co-exist. There are obvious benefits to support interoperation between real objects and virtual worlds in at least two ways: improving the possibilities for device interactions and improving the functionality that is available within virtual worlds. Moreover, it also allows the physical constraints associated with real objects to be removed, enabling them to enjoy the freedom offered by virtual worlds. To promote this vision, we propose an integration architecture that blurs the gap between real and virtual objects. This supports both conventional and unconventional usage of devices visually connected to digital avatars, thus freeing users to decide how they wish to operate devices. Although much work has been done in both networked appliances and interactive entertainment, there is a need to converge these disciplines to harness the power afforded by new and emerging digital worlds. This will make it easier to interact with devices through the obvious benefits physical disembodiment brings. We present a new approach demonstrated using a working prototype to implement a virtual world capable of operating a remote appliance, either via the device or via its digital avatar. &amp;copy; 2007 IEEE.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/332/1/AINAW-2007-Accepted.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Computer Society, Piscataway, NJ 08855-1331, United States</dc:publisher><dc:source>21st International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications Workshops 2007, AINAW '07</dc:source><dc:subject>QA75</dc:subject><dc:subject>QA76</dc:subject><dc:title>Bridging the gap between networked appliances and virtual worlds</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Fergus, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Llewellyn-Jones, D</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Merabti, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>El Rhalibi, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:331
Date: 2015-02-04

RIOXX

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:331</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-02-04T16:07:50Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>We present a novel MMOG Hybrid P2P architecture and detail its key components, topology and protocols. We highlight the main components which lie at the heart of the proposed solution, and their roles, and describe the methods of tackling the key scenarios which are faced by the architecture during gameplay. For each role, we discuss the interactions that exist between them and describe the protocols that will be used for inter-role communication to perform the atomic actions necessary for maintaining the consistency and responsiveness of an MMOG such as peer addition, peer removal, group transfer, object change persistency and many more. We conclude the chapter with a comparison of the architecture against several existing P2P MMOG frameworks, discussing the differences which exist between them and how the novel Hybrid-P2P architecture we propose aims to address their flaws.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/331/3/W068.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>IEEE</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=WOS:000335245800220&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>2330-7927</dc:source><dc:subject>QA75</dc:subject><dc:title>A novel scalable hybrid architecture for MMOG</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Carter, CJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>El Rhalibi, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Merabti, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:330
Date: 2015-02-05

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
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RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:330</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-02-05T14:38:06Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Presently, cloud providers offer “off-the-shelf” Service Level Agreements (SLA), on a “take it or leave it” basis. This paper, alternatively, proposes customized SLAs. An automated negotiation is needed to establish customized SLAs between service providers and consumers with no previous knowledge of each other. Traditional negotiations between humans are often fraught with difficulty. Thus, in this work, the use of intelligent agents to represent cloud providers and consumers is advocated. Rubinstein’s Alternating Offers Protocol offers a suitable technical solution for this challenging problem. The purpose of this paper is to apply the state-of-the-art in negotiation automated algorithms/agents within a described Cloud Computing SLA framework, and to evaluate the most appropriate negotiation approach based on many criteria.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/330/1/IEEE_ICMCS14_Conference_accepted.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>IEEE CONFERENCE PUBLICATIONS</dc:publisher><dc:source>2014 International Conference on Multimedia Computing and Systems (ICMCS)</dc:source><dc:subject>QA75</dc:subject><dc:title>Intelligent Agents for Automated Cloud Computing Negotiation</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2014-02-23</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author>Alsrheed, F</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>El Rhalibi, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Randles, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Merabti, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:contributor>Essaaidi, M</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Zaz, Y</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:type>Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICMCS.2014.6911305</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:329
Date: 2017-09-08

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      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:329</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-08T03:49:47Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Purpose: The purpose of the research project was to examine the transformation of fire prevention processes via improved targeting of fire prevention interventions over a four year period. Design / methodology / approach: A four year case study of the transformation of fire prevention processes involving a UK fire and rescue service, local council, NHS primary care trust and a police force was undertaken. Findings: Understanding the socio-economic causal factors underlying unintentional dwelling fires, and the need to work in collaborative partnerships to achieve change in such factors can support more targeted and effective fire prevention activities. Research limitations / implications: Analysis of underlying causal factors and their relationships, together with population segmentation and working in co-ordinated collaborative partnerships can support enhanced fire risk assessment and community safety. This supported more pro-active early intervention fire risk management. Practical implications: Analysis of socio-economic causal factors, and socio-economic groups associated with unintentional dwelling fires can assist in targeting fire prevention activities in a more effective and efficient manner. This enabled the fire and rescue service to target fire prevention to social groups most at risk of dwelling fires and the types of fires (for example, kitchen fires) relevant to the different social groups. Social implications: Collaborative public sector partnerships can achieve change in the socio-economic circumstances of at-risk individuals to support fire prevention. This enables the social and health related factors underlying fire risk to be addressed by the relevant partner health or social services agencies. Originality / value: The detailed analysis of the transformation of fire prevention activities that led to an implemented approach to enhanced community safety. In particular, the analysis and evaluation of the move to collaborative multi-agency partnerships to support and improve fire prevention activities.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/329/1/Fireprevtrans%202015%20accepted%20and%20for%20LJMU%20repository.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Emerald</dc:publisher><dc:source>1750-6166</dc:source><dc:subject>HV</dc:subject><dc:title>Transforming fire prevention: a case study</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2015-01-16</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author>Taylor, MJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Higgins, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Francis, H</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jones, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Appleton, D</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:327
Date: 2017-03-29

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><ali:license_ref start_date="2016-09-08">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref><dc:description>Many applications optimistically claim the title of virtual campus tour nowadays with a small minority deserving it. Throughout this paper various virtual campus tours are explored and analysed along with the problems of interior navigation. The technologies that support development of virtual worlds for computer games are studied and a solution to interior navigation and virtual campus tour derived from this technology is proposed.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/327/1/DeSE2014_final%28Camera%20Ready%29.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>IEEE</dc:publisher><dc:source>Proceedings - 2015 International Conference on Developments in eSystems Engineering</dc:source><dc:subject>QA76</dc:subject><dc:title>An Application of Game Technology to Virtual University Campus Touring and Interior Navigation</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2015-09-01</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author>Maines, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Tang, SOT</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:325
Date: 2015-04-02

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:325</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-04-02T14:13:24Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Elastic partitioning of computations between mobile devices and cloud is an important and challenging research topic for mobile cloud computing. Existing works focus on the single-user computation partitioning, which aims to optimize the application completion time for one particular single user. These works assume that the cloud always has enough resources to execute the computations immediately when they are offloaded to the cloud. However, this assumption does not hold for large scale mobile cloud applications. In these applications, due to the competition for cloud resources among a large number of users, the offloaded computations may be executed with certain scheduling delay on the cloud. Single user partitioning that&#13;
does not take into account the scheduling delay on the cloud may yield significant performance degradation. In this paper, we study, for the first time, Multi-user Computation Partitioning Problem (MCPP), which considers the partitioning of multiple users’ computations together with the scheduling of offloaded computations on the cloud resources. Instead of pursuing the minimum application completion time for every single user, we aim to achieve minimum average completion time for all the users, based on&#13;
the number of provisioned resources on the cloud. We show that MCPP is different from and more difficult than the classical job scheduling problems. We design an offline heuristic algorithm, namely SearchAdjust, to solve MCPP. We demonstrate through benchmarks that SearchAdjust outperforms both the single user partitioning approaches and classical job scheduling approaches by 10% on average in terms of application delay. Based on SearchAdjust, we also design an online algorithm for MCPP that can be easily deployed in practical systems. We validate the effectiveness of our online algorithm using real world load traces.&#13;
&#13;
Index Terms—mobile cloud computing; offloading; computation partitioning; job scheduling</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/325/1/IEEE%20TC-Mobile%20Cloud.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>IEEE</dc:publisher><dc:source>0018-9340</dc:source><dc:subject>QA75</dc:subject><dc:title>Multi-user Computation Partitioning for Latency Sensitive Mobile Cloud Applications</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2014-10-01</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author>Yang, L</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Cao, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Cheng, H</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ji, Y</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:320
Date: 2017-09-07

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:320</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T13:21:27Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Traffic analysis and anomaly detection have been extensively used to characterize network utilization as well as to identify abnormal network traffic such as malicious attacks. However, so far, techniques for traffic analysis and anomaly detection have been carried out independently, relying on mechanisms and algorithms either in edge or in core networks alone. In this paper we propose the notion of multi-level network resilience, in order to provide a more robust traffic analysis and anomaly detection architecture, combining mechanisms and algorithms operating in a coordinated fashion both in the edge and in the core networks. This work is motivated by the potential complementarities between the research being developed at IIT Madras and Lancaster University. In this paper we describe the current work being developed at IIT Madras and Lancaster on traffic analysis and anomaly detection, and outline the principles of a multi-level resilience architecture.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/320/1/jct_Spl_Paper_345_356_ICTACT_CRC_AKM_2011.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>ICTACT</dc:publisher><dc:source>2229-6948</dc:source><dc:subject>QA76</dc:subject><dc:subject>T1</dc:subject><dc:title>Multi-level Network Resilience: Traffic Analysis, Anomaly Detection and Simulation</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Marnerides, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>James, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Schaeffer-Filho, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Sait, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mauthe, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Murthy, H</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:319
Date: 2017-09-06

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:319</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-06T20:37:22Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The adequate operation for a number of service distribution networks relies on the e�ective maintenance and fault management of their underlay DSL infrastructure. Thus, new tools are required in order to adequately monitor and further diagnose anomalies that other segments of the DSL network cannot identify due to the pragmatic issues raised by hardware or software misconfigurations. In this work we present a fundamentally new approach for classifying known DSL-level anomalies by exploiting the properties of novelty detection via the employment of one-class Support Vector Machines (SVMs). By virtue of the imbalance residing in the&#13;
training samples that consequently lead to problematic prediction outcomes when used within two-class formulations, we adopt the properties of one-class classification and construct models for independently identifying and classifying a single type of a DSL-level&#13;
anomaly. Given the fact that the greater number of the installed Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexers (DSLAMs) within the DSL network of a large European ISP were misconfigured, thus unable to accurately flag anomalous events, we utilize as inference solutions the models derived by the one-class SVM formulations built by the known labels as flagged by the much smaller number&#13;
of correctly configured DSLAMs in the same network in order to aid the classification aspect against the monitored unlabelled events. By reaching an average over 95% on a number of classification accuracy metrics such as precision, recall and F-score we show that one-class SVM classifiers overcome the biased classification outcomes achieved by the traditional two-class formulations and that they may constitute as viable and promising components within the design of future network fault management strategies. In addition, we demonstrate their superiority over commonly used two-class machine learning approaches such as Decision Trees and Bayesian Networks that has been used in the same context within past solutions. &#13;
&#13;
Keywords: Network management, Support Vector Machines, supervised learning, one-class classifiers, DSL anomalies</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/319/1/COMCOM_rev1_Nov2014_fin.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV</dc:publisher><dc:source>0140-3664</dc:source><dc:subject>QA75</dc:subject><dc:title>Fault Diagnosis in DSL Networks using Support Vector Machines</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2015-01-10</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author>Marnerides, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Malinowski, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Morla, R</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kim, HS</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:318
Date: 2015-06-25

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:318</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-06-25T15:03:16Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Cloud networks underpin most of todays’ socioeconomical&#13;
Information Communication Technology (ICT) environments&#13;
due to their intrinsic capabilities such as elasticity and&#13;
service transparency. Undoubtedly, this increased dependence of numerous always-on services with the cloud is also subject to a number of security threats. An emerging critical aspect is related with the adequate identification and detection of malware. In the majority of cases, malware is the first building block for larger security threats such as distributed denial of service attacks (e.g. DDoS); thus its immediate detection is of crucial importance. In this paper we introduce a malware detection technique based on Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition (E-EMD) which is performed on the hypervisor level and jointly considers system and network information from every Virtual Machine (VM). Under two pragmatic cloud-specific scenarios instrumented in our controlled experimental testbed we show that our proposed technique can reach detection accuracy rates over 90% for a range of malware samples. In parallel we demonstrate the superiority of the introduced approach after comparison with a covariance-based anomaly detection technique that has been broadly used in previous studies. Consequently, we argue that our presented scheme provides a promising foundation towards the efficient detection of malware in modern virtualized cloud environments.&#13;
&#13;
Index Terms—Malware Detection, Empirical Mode Decomposition,&#13;
Cloud computing, Anomaly Detection</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/318/1/eemd_icnc_crc.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>IEEE</dc:publisher><dc:source>2015 International Conference of Computing, Neworking and Communications</dc:source><dc:subject>QA75</dc:subject><dc:subject>QA76</dc:subject><dc:title>Malware Detection in the Cloud under Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2014-09-20</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author>Marnerides, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Spachos, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Chatzimisios, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mauthe, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:316
Date: 2017-09-07

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:316</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T05:38:03Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This article is based on the original research that studied immigrant women who have been living in Liverpool since 2001. It deals with issues concerning the identity of immigrant women. One of the aims was to identify if there was a difference between subjective perception and findings derived from an objective evaluation of their integration based on the collected data. The study, conducted in Liverpool in 2009, explores the choices immigrant women have made with respect to their preferred identity, i.e. by nationality, religion, or ethnicity. The inductive explorative research is postpositivist in approach and a questionnaire was used to collect primary data. The results have demonstrated how the various challenges immigrants face when moving to another country influence their choice of identity. Their preference of identification by nationality, religion and ethnic group helped to define the level of integration of these women within the wider society. The study has found that the way the respondents wanted to be identified depended on a number of factors; degree of integration, knowledge of the local language, and participation in the local community. The quantitative method and the multiple correspondence analyses have enabled the mapping profile of the sample and have demonstrated the existence of spatial urban self-segregation. The study shows that these women live in their diaspora space rather than within the wider community.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/316/1/Immigrant%20women%20in%20Liverpool.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Common Ground</dc:publisher><dc:source>2327-008X</dc:source><dc:subject>HT</dc:subject><dc:title>Immigrant women's Identity and Integration: Liverpool, "The World in One City"</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2014-09-04</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author>Di Cristo, N</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hickman, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:314
Date: 2017-09-07

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:314</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T13:17:49Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Employing optical fiber to deliver the trapping laser to the sample chamber significantly reduces the size and costs of optical tweezers (OT). The utilization of fiber decouples the OT from the microscope, providing scope for system portability, and the potential for uncomplicated integration with other advanced microscopy systems. For use with an atomic force microscope, the fiber must be inserted at an angle of 10 deg to the plane of the sample chamber floor. However, the literature states that optical trapping with a single fiber inserted at an angle ≤20 deg is not possible. This paper investigates this limitation and proposes a hypothesis that explains it. Based on this explanation, a tapered-fiber optical tweezer system is developed. This system demonstrates that such traps can indeed be made to function in three-dimensions (3-D) at insertion angles of ≤10 deg using relatively low optical powers, provided the fiber taper is optimized. Three such optimized tapered fiber tips are presented, and their ability to optically trap both organic and inanimate material in 3-D is demonstrated. The near-horizontal insertion angle introduced a maximum trapping range (MTR). The MTR of the three tips is determined empirically, evaluated against simulated data, and found to be tunable through taper optimization.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/314/1/OE%2053%208%20085107.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>SPIE- Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=000340624200021&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>0091-3286</dc:source><dc:subject>TA</dc:subject><dc:title>Single-beam three-dimensional optical trapping at extremely low insertion angles via optical fiber optimization</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Ross, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Murphy, MF</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Lilley, F</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Lalor, MJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Burton, DR</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.53.8.085107</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:313
Date: 2017-09-06

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:313</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-06T17:19:38Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Evidence of Oldowan tools by w2.6 million years ago (Ma) may signal a major adaptive shift in hominin &#13;
evolution. While tool-dependent butchery of large mammals was important by at least 2.0 Ma, the use of  &#13;
artifacts for tasks other than faunal processing has been difficult to diagnose. Here we report on use-wear &#13;
analysis ofw2.0 Ma quartz and quartzite artifacts from Kanjera South, Kenya. A use-wear framework that &#13;
links processing of specific materials and tool motions to their resultant use-wear patterns was developed. &#13;
A blind test was then carried out to assess and improve the efficacy of this experimental use-wear &#13;
framework, which was then applied to the analysis of 62 Oldowan artifacts from Kanjera South. Usewear &#13;
on a total of 23 artifact edges was attributed to the processing of specific materials. Use-wear on &#13;
seven edges (30%) was attributed to animal tissue processing,corroborating zooarchaeological evidence &#13;
for butchery at the site. Use-wear on 16 edges (70%)was attributed to the processing of plant tissues, &#13;
including wood, grit-covered plant tissues that we interpret asunderground storage organs (USOs), and &#13;
stems of grass or sedges. These results expand our knowledge of the suite of behaviours carried out in the &#13;
vicinity of Kanjera South to include the processing of materials that would be ‘invisible’ using standard &#13;
archaeological methods. Wood cutting and scraping may represent the production and/or maintenance &#13;
of wooden tools. Use-wear related to USO processing extends the archaeological evidence for hominin acquisition and consumption of this resource by over 1.5 Ma. Cutting of grasses, sedges or reeds may be related to a subsistence task (e.g., grass seed harvesting, cutting out papyrus culm for consumption) and/or a non-subsistence related task (e.g., production of ‘twine,’ simple carrying devices, or bedding). These results highlight the adaptive significance of lithic technology for hominins at Kanjera.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/313/1/Lemorini%20et%20al%202014%20submitted.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=WOS:000339139400002&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>0047-2484</dc:source><dc:subject>CC</dc:subject><dc:subject>GN</dc:subject><dc:subject>QE</dc:subject><dc:title>Old stones' song: Use-wear experiments and analysis of the Oldowan quartz and quartzite assemblage from Kanjera South (Kenya)</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Lemorini, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Plummer, TW</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Braun, DR</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Crittenden, AN</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ditchfield, PW</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bishop, LC</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hertel, F</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Oliver, JS</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Marlowe, FW</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Schoeninger, MJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Potts, R</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2014.03.002</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:312
Date: 2017-09-07

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Smart grids are power distribution networks that include a significant communication infrastructure, which is used to collect usage data and monitor the operational status of the grid. As a consequence of this additional infrastructure, power networks are at an increased risk of cyber-attacks. In this letter, we address the problem of detecting and attributing anomalies that occur in the sub-meter power consumption measurements of a smart grid, which could be indicative of malicious behavior. We achieve this by clustering a set of statistical features of power measurements that are determined using the Smoothed Pseudo Wigner Ville (SPWV) energy Time-Frequency (TF)distribution. We show how this approach is able to more accurately distinguish clusters of energy consumption than simply using raw power measurements. Our ultimate goal is to apply the principles of profiling power consumption measurements as part of an enhanced anomaly detection system for smart grids.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/312/1/ieee_comm_letters.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>IEEE</dc:publisher><dc:source>1089-7798</dc:source><dc:subject>QA76</dc:subject><dc:subject>T1</dc:subject><dc:title>Power Consumption Profiling Using Energy Time-Frequency Distributions in Smart Grids</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2014-10-31</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author>Marnerides, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Smith, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Schaeffer, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mauthe, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/LCOMM.2014.2371035</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:310
Date: 2017-09-08

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      <datestamp>2017-09-08T13:34:25Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>To explain the observed anomalies in stellar populations within globular clusters, many globular cluster formation theories require two independent episodes of star formation. A fundamental prediction of these models is that the clusters must accumulate large gas reservoirs as the raw material to form the second stellar generation. We show that young clusters containing the required gas reservoir should exhibit the following observational signatures: (i) a dip in the measured luminosity profile or an increase in measured reddening towards the cluster centre, with Av &gt;10mag within a radius of a few pc; (ii) bright (sub)mm emission from dust grains; (iii) bright molecular line emission once the gas is dense enough to begin forming stars. Unless the IMF is anomalously skewed towards low-mass stars, the clusters should also show obvious signs of star formation via optical emission lines (e.g. H_alpha) after the stars have formed. These observational signatures should be readily observable towards any compact clusters (radii of a few pc) in the nearby Universe with masses &gt; 10^6 Msun and ages &lt;100Myr. This provides a straightforward way to directly test globular cluster formation models which predict large gas reservoirs are required to form the second stellar generation. The fact that no such observational evidence exists calls into question whether such a mechanism happens regularly for YMCs in galaxies within a few tens of Mpc.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/310/1/1501.01216v1.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Oxford University Press</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://arxiv.org/abs/1501.01216v1</dc:relation><dc:source>0035-8711</dc:source><dc:subject>QB</dc:subject><dc:title>Heart of Darkness: dust obscuration of the central stellar component in globular clusters younger than ~100Myr in multiple stellar population models</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2015</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author>Longmore, SN</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:308
Date: 2016-03-11

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      <datestamp>2016-03-11T14:46:22Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><ali:license_ref start_date="2014-10-01">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref><dc:description>Software-Defined Networking (SDN) is an emerging paradigm to logically centralize the network control plane and automate the configuration of individual network elements. At the same time, in Cloud Data Centers (DCs), even though network and server resources converge over the same infrastructure and typically under a single administrative entity, disjoint control mechanisms are used for their respective management. In this paper, we propose a unified server-network control mechanism for converged ICT environments. We present a SDN-based orchestration framework for live Virtual Machine (VM) management where server hypervisors exploit temporal network information to migrate VMs and minimize the network-wide communication cost of the resulting traffic dynamics. A prototype implementation is presented and Mininet is used to evaluate the impact of diverse orchestration algorithms.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/308/1/cloudnet14_cziva.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>IEEE</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.poscotso.info/</dc:relation><dc:source>Cloud Networking (CloudNet), 2014 IEEE 3rd International Conference on</dc:source><dc:subject>QA75</dc:subject><dc:subject>QA76</dc:subject><dc:title>SDN-based Virtual Machine Management for Cloud Data Centers</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2014-09-01</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author>Cziva, R</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Stapleton, D</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Tso, FP</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Pezaros, DP</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:306
Date: 2017-09-09

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:306</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-09T09:50:33Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><ali:license_ref start_date="2014-12-23">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/under-embargo-all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref><dc:description>The aim of the current study is to quantify oxygen uptake, heart rate and molecular responses of human skeletal muscle associated with mitochondrial biogenesis following an acute bout of simulated soccer training. Muscle biopsies (vastus lateralis) were obtained from nine active men immediately pre-, post- and 3 h post-completion of a laboratory-based soccer-specific training simulation (LSSTS) on a motorised treadmill. The LSSTS was a similar intensity (55 ± 6% V˙ O2max) and duration (60-min) as that observed in professional soccer training (e.g. standing 41%, walking 37%, jogging 11%, high-speed running 9% and sprinting 2%). Post-exercise, muscle glycogen decreased (Pre; 397 ± 86 mmol∙kg-1 dw, Post; 344 ± 64 mmol∙kg-1 dw; P = 0.03), plasma lactate increased (P &lt; 0.001) up to ~4-5 mmol.L-1, NEFA and glycerol increased (P &lt; 0.001) to values of 0.6 ± 0.2 mmol.L-1 and 145 ± 54 μmol.L-1, respectively. PGC-1α mRNA increased (P = 0.009) 5-fold 3 h post-exercise. We provide novel data by demonstrating that soccer-specific training is associated with increases in PGC-1α mRNA. These data may have implications for practitioners in better understanding the specific ‘muscle’ responses to soccer-specific training protocols in the field.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/306/3/Jeongetal2014Journalofsportsscience%5B1%5D.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>TAYLOR &amp; FRANCIS LTD</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=WOS:000356292300010&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>0264-0414</dc:source><dc:subject>RC1200</dc:subject><dc:title>Acute simulated soccer-specific training increases PGC-1 alpha mRNA expression in human skeletal muscle</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2014-11-25</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author>Jeong, T-S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bartlett, JD</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Joo, C-H</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Louhelainen, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Close, GL</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Morton, JP</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Drust, B</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.992937</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:304
Date: 2017-09-10

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:304</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-10T07:09:15Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><ali:license_ref start_date="2014-11-11">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/under-embargo-all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref><dc:description>The purpose of the present study was to compare learning experiences perceived to contribute to service-delivery competence in sport, clinical, and counseling psychologists. Twenty psychologists (11 female, 9 male; 28–70 years of age) participated in semistructured interviews. All participants emphasized the role of client interactions in learning service-delivery processes. In addition, clinical and counseling participants reported personal therapy and supervision as influential experiences. Applied implications for training include (a) regional supervision networks comprising peers and elders, (b) university-based sport psychology clinics, and (c) personal and professional development groups.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/304/3/hayleys%20paper%5B1%5D.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Taylor &amp; Francis</dc:publisher><dc:source>1041-3200</dc:source><dc:subject>BF</dc:subject><dc:subject>RC1200</dc:subject><dc:title>Learning Experiences Contributing to Service-Delivery Competence in Applied Psychologists: Lessons for Sport Psychologists</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2014-08-04</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author>McEwan, HE</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Tod, D</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10413200.2014.952460</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:303
Date: 2017-09-06

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:303</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-06T17:40:59Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><ali:license_ref start_date="2015-01-02">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref><dc:description>Variation in vectorial capacity for human malaria among Anopheles mosquito species is determined by many factors, including behavior, immunity, and life history. To investigate the genomic basis of vectorial capacity and explore new avenues for vector control, we sequenced the genomes of 16 anopheline mosquito species from diverse locations spanning ~100 million years of evolution. Comparative analyses show faster rates of gene gain and loss, elevated gene shuffling on the X chromosome, and more intron losses, relative to Drosophila. Some determinants of vectorial capacity, such as chemosensory genes, do not show elevated turnover, but instead diversify through protein-sequence changes. This dynamism of anopheline genes and genomes may contribute to their flexible capacity to take advantage of new ecological niches, including adapting to humans as primary hosts.</dc:description><dc:format>application/x-pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/303/1/Neafsey%20et%20al%20author%20version.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>American Association for the Advancement of Science</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=WOS:000347102300042&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>0036-8075</dc:source><dc:subject>QL</dc:subject><dc:title>Highly evolvable malaria vectors: The genomes of 16 Anopheles mosquitoes</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2014-11-14</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author>Neafsey, DE</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Waterhouse, RM</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Abai, MR</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Aganezov, SS</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Alekseyev, MA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Allen, JE</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Amon, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Arca, B</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Arensburger, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Artemov, G</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Assour, LA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Basseri, H</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Berlin, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Birren, BW</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Blandin, SA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Brockman, AI</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Burkot, TR</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Burt, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Chan, CS</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Chauve, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Chiu, JC</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Christensen, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Costantini, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Davidson, VLM</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Deligianni, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dottorini, T</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dritsou, V</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gabriel, SB</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Guelbeogo, WM</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hall, AB</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Han, MV</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hlaing, T</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hughes, DST</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jenkins, AM</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jiang, X</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jungreis, I</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kakani, EG</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kamali, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kemppainen, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kennedy, 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EM</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>O'Loughlin, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Oringanje, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Oshaghi, MA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Pakpour, N</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Papathanos, PA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Peery, AN</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Povelones, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Prakash, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Price, DP</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Rajaraman, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Reimer, LJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Rinker, DC</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Rokas, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Russell, TL</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Sagnon, N</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Sharakhova, MV</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Shea, T</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Simao, FA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Simard, F</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Slotman, 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ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:299
Date: 2017-09-06

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ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:297
Date: 2017-09-13

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      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:297</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-13T04:43:34Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>We investigate the internal structure and density profiles of halos of mass $10^{10}-10^{14}~M_\odot$ in the Evolution and Assembly of Galaxies and their Environment (EAGLE) simulations. These follow the formation of galaxies in a $\Lambda$CDM Universe and include a treatment of the baryon physics thought to be relevant. The EAGLE simulations reproduce the observed present-day galaxy stellar mass function, as well as many other properties of the galaxy population as a function of time. We find significant differences between the masses of halos in the EAGLE simulations and in simulations that follow only the dark matter component. Nevertheless, halos are well described by the Navarro-Frenk-White (NFW) density profile at radii larger than ~5% of the virial radius but, closer to the centre, the presence of stars can produce cuspier profiles. Central enhancements in the total mass profile are most important in halos of mass $10^{12}-10^{13}M_\odot$, where the stellar fraction peaks. Over the radial range where they are well resolved, the resulting galaxy rotation curves are in very good agreement with observational data for galaxies with stellar mass $M_*&lt;5\times10^{10}M_\odot$. We present an empirical fitting function that describes the total mass profiles and show that its parameters are strongly correlated with halo mass.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/297/3/MNRASOct14.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Oxford University Press</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://arxiv.org/abs/1409.8617v2</dc:relation><dc:source>0035-8711</dc:source><dc:subject>QB</dc:subject><dc:title>The masses and density profiles of halos in a LCDM galaxy formation simulation</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Schaller, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Frenk, CS</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bower, RG</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Theuns, T</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jenkins, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Schaye, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Crain, RA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Furlong, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Vecchia, CD</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>McCarthy, IG</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>SMUR</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:295
Date: 2017-09-12

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researchers considered the congruence of physical, imaginary and observed movement markers in a single paradigm and never in a design where eye movement metrics are the markers. In this study, participants were required to perform a forward reach and point Fitts’ Task on a digitizing tablet whilst wearing an eye movement system. Gaze metrics were used to compare behaviour congruence between action execution, action observation, and guided and unguided movement imagery conditions. The data showed that participants attended the same task-related visual cues between conditions but the strategy was different. Specifically, the number of fixations was significantly different between action execution and all covert conditions. In addition, fixation duration was congruent between action execution and action observation only, and&#13;
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techniques may be beneficial in supporting motor planning in both performance and clinical rehabilitation environments.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/295/1/Active%20vision%20during%20action%20execution%2C%20observation%20and%20imagery%3A%20evidence%20for%20shared%20motor%20representations..pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Public Library of Science</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=WOS:000321223000117&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>1932-6203</dc:source><dc:subject>RC1200</dc:subject><dc:title>Active Vision during Action Execution, Observation and Imagery: Evidence for Shared Motor Representations</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>McCormick, SA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Causer, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Holmes, PS</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067761</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:294
Date: 2015-12-01

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper presents Manchester Digital Laboratory (MadLab) as an "organisation as prototype" in terms of its innovation; emphasising its permeability to external collaboration and internal structure. We present the accumulation of experience and inspiration found in this organisational prototype as a significant development with as much social impact as any single material invention. Few organisations are held up as examples of organisational prototypes although notable exceptions such as Apple Computers and Factory Records do exist. Few of these examples offer a systematic accounting for the basis of organisational innovation and its application elsewhere. This work sets out to understand how inspirations drawn from sources such as literature and popular media and seemingly disparate personal ideas and skills, through processes of invention and innovation can become the basis for a sustainable organisation capable of creating value. In this manner we present MadLab as a prototype that is the product of the personal interests and motivations of the directors and their influences - including science fiction. Whilst the directors did not consciously engage in Science Fiction Prototyping we present their actions, organisational structure and collaboration as a model for the realisation of organisational Science Fiction Prototyping. This empirical study focusses on MadLab; its short history, its people, its activities and the intersecting creative influences on the different groups that make up the organisation. The understanding gained of this organisational prototype is then considered within a more generalised view of organisation types and their potential to create value and achieve long-term viability. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/294/1/MadLab_final.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>0040-1625</dc:source><dc:subject>T1</dc:subject><dc:title>Making MadLab: A creative space for innovation and creating prototypes</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bell, F</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Fletcher, G</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Griffiths, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Greenhill, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>McLean, R</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2013.09.004</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:290
Date: 2017-09-10

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ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:289
Date: 2017-09-07

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:289</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T07:57:20Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Pre-exercise meals containing carbohydrates (CHO) are recommended to athletes, although there is evidence to suggest that a high fat meal prior to exercise increases utilisation of fats yet may not adversely affect performance. This study investigated the effect of a high fat and high CHO pre-exercise meal prior to high intensity intermittent exercise. Ten male recreational soccer players&#13;
performed a soccer specific protocol followed by a 1 km time trial 3 ½ h after ingesting one of 2 test meals, high fat meal (HFM) or a high CHO meal (HCM). Blood glucose, fatty acids (FA), glycerol, β-hydroxybutyrate, lactate and insulin were assessed prior to the meal, pre-exercise, halftime, and post-exercise, whilst rates of CHO and fat oxidation were determined at 4 time points during the exercise as well as heart rate (HR) and rating of perceived exertion (RPE). Significant increases in FA, glycerol, β-hydroxybutyrate and fat oxidation after the HFM were observed, while CHO oxidation was significantly higher following the HCM (P &lt; 0.05). No performance effect was&#13;
found for the 1 km time trial (HFM: 228.6+14.4 s; HCM: 229.4+26.5 s) (mean+SD). These findings suggest that the type of meal ingested prior to soccer simulated exercise has an impact on metabolism, but not on the subsequent performance as determined in the present study.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/289/1/Effect%20of%20Fat%20and%20CHO%20Meals%20on%20Intermittent%20Exercise%20in%20Soccer%20Players.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Georg Thieme Verlag</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=WOS:000313908300011&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>0172-4622</dc:source><dc:subject>RC1200</dc:subject><dc:title>Effect of Fat and CHO Meals on Intermittent Exercise in Soccer Players</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Hulton, AT</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Edwards, JP</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gregson, W</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>MacLaren, D</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Doran, DA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0032-1321798</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:288
Date: 2017-09-07

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      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:288</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T07:29:45Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The Devices Profile for Web Services (DPWS) standard enables the use of Web services for resource-constrained devices, main components of the Internet of Things (IoT). DPWS can power the next generation of IoT applications connecting millions of networked devices and services on the Web. This article presents a simulator, called DPWSim, to support the use of this technology. DPWSim featuring secure messaging, dynamic discovery, service description, service invocation, and publishsubscribe eventing can be used to prototype, develop, and test products in terms of DPWS communication protocols. It can also support the collaboration between manufacturers, developers, and designers during the new product development process.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/288/1/IoT-0250-2014.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>IEEE</dc:publisher><dc:source>2327-4662</dc:source><dc:subject>QA75</dc:subject><dc:subject>QA76</dc:subject><dc:title>DPWSim: A Devices Profile for Web Services (DPWS) Simulator</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Lee, GM</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:287
Date: 2017-09-07

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      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:287</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T13:59:15Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The degree of engagement in a computer game is determined by sensory immersion (i.e. effects of display technology) and challenge immersion (i.e. effects of task demand). Twenty participants played a computer game under two display conditions (a large TV vs. head-mounted display) with three levels of cognitive challenge (easy/hard/impossible). Immersion was defined as selective attention to external (non-game related) auditory stimuli and measured implicitly as event-related potentials (ERPs) to an auditory oddball task. The Immersive Experience Questionnaire (IEQ) was used to capture subjective indicators of immersion. The type of display had no significant influence on ERPs or responses to the IEQ. However, subjective immersion was significantly enhanced by the experience of hard and impossible demand. The amplitude of late component ERPs to oddball stimuli were significantly reduced when demand increased from easy to hard/impossible levels. We conclude that ERPs to irrelevant stimuli represent a valid method of operationalising immersion.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/287/1/accepted_manuscript.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=000345479200010&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>1071-5819</dc:source><dc:subject>QA76</dc:subject><dc:title>Use of auditory event-related potentials to measure immersion during a computer game</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Burns, CG</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Fairclough, SH</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhcs.2014.09.002</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:284
Date: 2015-06-02

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      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:284</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-06-02T11:48:23Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The bandwith, sensitivity and sheer survey speed of the SKA offers unique potential for deep spectroscopic surveys of the Milky Way. Within the frequency bands available to the SKA lie many transitions that trace the ionised, radical and molecular components of the interstellar medium and which will revolutionise our understanding of many physical processes. In this chapter we describe the impact on our understanding of the Milky Way that can be achieved by spectroscopic SKA surveys, including "out of the box" early science with radio recombination lines, Phase 1 surveys of the molecular ISM using anomalous formaldehyde absorption, and full SKA surveys of ammonia inversion lines.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/284/1/1412.5554v1.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:relation>http://arxiv.org/abs/1412.5554v1</dc:relation><dc:source>Proceedings of Science</dc:source><dc:subject>QB</dc:subject><dc:title>The ionised, radical and molecular Milky Way: spectroscopic surveys with the SKA</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Thompson, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Beuther, H</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dickinson, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mottram, JC</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Klaassen, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ginsburg, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Longmore, SN</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Remijan, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Menten, K</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:282
Date: 2015-07-17

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      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:282</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-07-17T09:45:10Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The paper investigates the phenomena of edges as a differentiation that both divides and conjoins space and process. Edge conditions as a species of edges are responsible for the founding and development of our cities and they continue to influence the metropolis through a membranous separation - communication. . These edge conditions in process and spatial things can be explained through the analogy of a step. Step covers both meanings, the action of taking a step and the interval which is a step, consequently it describes the process and the spatiality or the time and space of step as an edge condition. A step links ‘instants’ of process and spatiality. A step is both end and bridge as an edge is both an end and an intersection. Its perhaps not incidental that mechanical time relies on serial steps in the form of a set of interlinked rotating cogs operating step by step to generate motion. This clockwork action becomes increasingly complex three dimensionally using the edges of serial cams and the stepping action of ‘cam followers’ between cams to develop complex programmed motion. This programmed motion through a series of edges and steps was used to create breathtaking imitations of nature such as ‘The Writer’ by Pierre Jaquet Droz and ‘The Swan’ by John Joseph Merlin. Today’s cities can be conceived of emerging as a reflective pattern of the programmatic activities and expectancies of their milieus where edge conditions form the basis of this reflective control. The edge is where happenings intensify it’s the meeting of phenomena and consequently both barrier and bridge to other spaces containing the ‘novel’ as in Simmel’s strangers. “All human action takes and makes place. The past is the set of places made by human action. History is a map of these places”. (Ethington, P. J: 2007) Ethington P. J; ‘Groundwork’ for a Spatial Theory of History; Rethinking History, Volume 11, Number 4, December 2007;</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/282/1/A%20Species%20of%20edges-metropolis%2016%20%20sml.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:relation>http://g.p.brown@ljmu.ac.uk/</dc:relation><dc:source>The Mediated City</dc:source><dc:subject>NA</dc:subject><dc:title>A Species of Edges as Metropolis</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Brown, GP</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:279
Date: 2017-09-07

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      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:279</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T17:34:20Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>In this paper, we propose a web-based content syndication system in which users can easily choose IPTV contents. This system generates personalized content guide to provide a list of IPTV contents with respect to user’s interests and statistics information of their online social community. For this, IPTV contents and relevant metadata are collected from various sources and transformed. Then the service and content metadata are processed by user metadata including audience measurement and community metadata. The metadata flows are separated from content flows of transport network. The implementation of IPTV content syndication system demonstrates how to arrange IPTV contents efficiently from content providers to the end user’s screen. We also show that the user metadata including online community information are important for the system’s performance and the user’s satisfaction.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/279/1/CANSS-gmlee3.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>IEEE</dc:publisher><dc:source>1229-2370</dc:source><dc:subject>QA75</dc:subject><dc:subject>T1</dc:subject><dc:title>A Web-based IPTV Content Syndication System for Personalized Content Guide</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Lee, GM</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:260
Date: 2017-09-07

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      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:260</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T13:20:17Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Star formation is observed to be suppressed in group and cluster galaxies compared to the field. To gain insight into the quenching process, we have analysed ~2000 galaxies formed in the GIMIC suite of cosmological hydrodynamical simulations. The time of quenching varies from ~2 Gyr before accretion (first crossing of r200,c) to &gt;4 Gyr after, depending on satellite and host mass. Once begun, quenching is rapid (&gt;~ 500 Myr) in low-mass galaxies (M* &lt; 10^10 M_Sun), but significantly more protracted for more massive satellites. The simulations predict a substantial role of outflows driven by ram pressure -- but not tidal forces -- in removing the star-forming interstellar matter (ISM) from satellite galaxies, especially dwarfs (M* ~ 10^9 M_Sun) where they account for nearly two thirds of ISM loss in both groups and clusters. Immediately before quenching is complete, this fraction rises to ~80% even for Milky Way analogues (M* ~ 10^10.5 M_Sun) in groups (M_host ~ 10^13.5 M_Sun). We show that (i) ISM stripping was significantly more effective at early times than at z = 0; (ii) approximately half the gas is stripped from `galactic fountains' and half directly from the star forming disk; (iii) galaxies undergoing stripping experience ram pressure up to ~100 times the average at a given group/cluster-centric radius, because they are preferentially located in overdense ICM regions. Remarkably, stripping causes at most half the loss of the extended gas haloes surrounding our simulated satellites. These results contrast sharply with the current picture of strangulation -- removal of the ISM through star formation after stripping of the hot halo -- being the dominant mechanism quenching group and cluster satellites.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/260/1/1410.8161v1.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Oxford University Press</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://arxiv.org/abs/1410.8161v1</dc:relation><dc:source>0035-8711</dc:source><dc:subject>QB</dc:subject><dc:title>Star formation quenching in simulated group and cluster galaxies: When, how, and why?</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2014-10-29</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author>Bahe, YM</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>McCarthy, IG</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:254
Date: 2017-09-07

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>We present multiline CO observations of the complex submillimeter galaxy SMM J00266+1708. Using the Zpectrometer on the Green Bank Telescope, we provide the first precise spectroscopic measurement of its redshift (z=2.742). Based on followup CO(1-0), CO(3-2), and CO(5-4) mapping, SMM J00266+1708 appears to have two distinct components separated by ~500 km/s that are nearly coincident along our line of sight. The two components show hints of different kinematics, with the blue-shifted component dispersion-dominated and the red-shifted component showing a clear velocity gradient. CO line ratios differ slightly between the two components, indicating that the physical conditions in their molecular gas may not be alike. We tentatively infer that SMM J00266+1708 is an ongoing merger with a mass ratio of (7.8+/-4.0)/sin^2(i), with its overall size and surface brightness closely resembling that of other merging systems. We perform large velocity gradient modeling of the CO emission from both components and find that each component's properties are consistent with a single phase of molecular gas (i.e., a single temperatures and density); additional multi-phase modeling of the red-shifted component, although motivated by a CO(1-0) size larger than the CO(3-2) size, is inconclusive. SMM J00266+1708 provides evidence of early stage mergers within the submillimeter galaxy population. Continuum observations of J00266 at the ~1" resolution of our observations could not have distinguished between the two components due to their separation (0.73" +/- 0.06"), illustrating that the additional velocity information provided by spectral line studies is important for addressing the prevalence of unresolved galaxy pairs in low-resolution submillimeter surveys.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/254/1/1411.0700v1.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>American Astronomical Society and IOP Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://arxiv.org/abs/1411.0700v1</dc:relation><dc:source>0004-637X</dc:source><dc:subject>QB</dc:subject><dc:title>Excitation Conditions in the Multi-component Submillimeter Galaxy SMM J00266+1708</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Sharon, CE</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Baker, AJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Harris, AI</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Tacconi, LJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Lutz, D</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Longmore, SN</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:253
Date: 2017-09-07

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:253</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T06:23:43Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>We discuss the possibility that gamma-ray bursts result from internal shocks in an ultra-relativistic matter. Using a simple model we calculate the temporal structure and we estimate the efficiency of this process. In this model the ultra-relativistic matter flow is represented by a succession of shells with random values of the Lorentz factor. We calculate the shocks that take place between those shells and we estimate the resulting emission. Internal shocks can produce the highly variable temporal structure observed in most of the bursts provided that the source emitting the relativistic flow is highly variable. The observed peaks are in almost one to one correlation to the activity of the emitting source. A large fraction of the kinetic energy is converted to radiation. The most efficient case is when an inner engine produces shells with comparable energy but very different Lorentz factors. It&#13;
also gives the most preferable temporal structure.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/253/1/9705013v1.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>American Astornomical Society and IOP Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:source>1538-4357</dc:source><dc:subject>QB</dc:subject><dc:title>Can Internal Shocks Produce the Variability in Gamma-Ray Bursts?</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Kobayashi, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Piran, T</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Sari, R</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:252
Date: 2017-09-07

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:252</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T12:03:23Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>We consider the process of stellar binaries tidally disrupted by a supermassive black hole (BH). For highly eccentric orbits, as one star is ejected from the three-body system, the companion remains bound to the BH. Hypervelocity stars (HVSs) observed in the Galactic halo and S-stars observed orbiting the central BH may originate from such mechanism. In this paper, we predict the velocity distribution of the ejected stars of a given mass, after they have traveled out of the Galactic potential. We use both analytical methods and Monte Carlo simulations. We find that each part of the velocity distribution encodes different information. At low velocities &lt;800 km s−1, the Galactic potential universally shapes the observed distribution, which rises toward a peak, related to the Galactic escape velocity. Beyond the peak, the velocity distribution depends on binary mass and separation distributions. Finally, the finite star life introduces a break related to their mass. A qualitative comparison of our models with current observations shows the great potential of HVSs to constrain bulge and Galactic properties. Standard choices for parameter distributions predict velocities below and above ~800 km s−1 with equal probability, while none are observed beyond ~700 km s−1 and the current detections are more clustered at low velocities 300–400 km s−1. These features may indicate that the separation distribution of binaries that reach the tidal sphere is not flat in logarithmic space, as observed in more local massive binaries, but has more power toward larger separations, enhancing smaller velocities. In addition, the binary formation/evolution process or the injection mechanism might also induce a cut-off amin ~ 10 R☉ in the separation distribution.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/252/1/1307.1134v3.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>American Astronomical Society and IOP Publishing</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=000343857900024&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>0004-637X</dc:source><dc:subject>QB</dc:subject><dc:title>THE VELOCITY DISTRIBUTION OF HYPERVELOCITY STARS</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Rossi, EM</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kobayashi, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Sari, R</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/795/2/125</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:251
Date: 2017-09-06

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:251</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-06T14:36:47Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The long ${\it Swift}$ gamma-ray burst GRB 120326A at redshift $z=1.798$ exhibited a multi-band light curve with a striking feature: a late-time, long-lasting achromatic rebrightening, rarely seen in such events. Peaking in optical and X-ray bands $\sim 35$ ks ($\sim 12.5$ ks in the GRB rest frame) after the 70-s GRB prompt burst, the feature brightens nearly two orders of magnitude above the underlying optical power-law decay. Modelling the multiwavelength light curves, we investigate possible causes of the rebrightening in the context of the standard fireball model. We exclude a range of scenarios for the origin of this feature: reverse-shock flash, late-time forward shock peak due to the passage of the maximal synchrotron frequency through the optical band, late central engine optical/X-ray flares, interaction between the expanding blast wave and a density enhancement in the circumburst medium and gravitational microlensing. Instead we conclude that the achromatic rebrightening may be caused by a refreshed forward shock or a geometrical effect. In addition, we identify an additional component after the end of the prompt emission, that shapes the observed X-ray and optical light curves differently, ruling out a single overall emission component to explain the observed early time emission.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/251/1/1409.6467v1.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>EDP Sciences</dc:publisher><dc:source>0365-0138</dc:source><dc:subject>QB</dc:subject><dc:title>The nature of the late achromatic bump in GRB 120326A</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Melandri, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Virgili, F</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Guidorzi, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bernardini, MG</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kobayashi, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mundell, CG</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gomboc, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dintinjana, B</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hentunen, V</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Japelj, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kopac, D</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kuroda, D</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Morgan, AN</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Steele, IA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Quadri, U</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Arici, G</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Arnold, D</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Girelli, R</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hanayama, H</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kwai, N</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mikuz, H</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Nissinen, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Salmi, T</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Smith, R</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Strabla, L</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Tonincelli, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Quadri, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:contributor>Forveille, T</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:247
Date: 2017-09-07

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:247</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T09:59:39Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>We test the performance of two models that use mammalian communities to reconstruct multivariate palaeoenvironments. While both models exploit the correlation between mammal communities (defined in terms of functional groups) and arboreal heterogeneity, the first uses a multiple multivariate regression of community structure and arboreal heterogeneity, while the second uses a linear regression of the principal components of each ecospace. The success of these methods means the palaeoenvironment of a particular locality can be reconstructed in terms of the proportions of heavy, moderate, light, and absent tree canopy cover. The linear regression is less biased, and more precisely and accurately reconstructs heavy tree canopy cover than the multiple multivariate model. However, the multiple multivariate model performs better than the linear regression for all other canopy cover categories. Both models consistently perform better than randomly generated reconstructions. We apply both models to the palaeocommunity of the Upper Laetolil Beds, Tanzania. Our reconstructions indicate that there was very little heavy tree cover at this site (likely less than 10%), with the palaeo-landscape instead comprising a mixture of light and absent tree cover. These reconstructions help resolve the previous conflicting palaeoecological reconstructions made for this site.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/247/1/Louys%20et%20al%202014%20JHE%20text.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25480104</dc:relation><dc:source>1095-8606</dc:source><dc:subject>QH301</dc:subject><dc:title>Analytical framework for reconstructing heterogeneous environmental variables from mammal community structure.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Louys, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Meloro, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Elton, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ditchfield, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bishop, LC</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2014.11.001</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:244
Date: 2017-09-08

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      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:244</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-08T08:14:33Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This article will discuss how video conferencing has been used to bring together dance students from two universities from two different continents separated by an ocean to collaborate and perform together. It will focus on the performance zones that have been codified and how the creative use of bodies (particularly in the Cone of Capture and Zone of Virtual Interplay) has been used to give the visual impression of one company dancing together in a ‘third space’.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/244/1/tWO%20HALVES%20OF%20A%20WHOLE%20-PB.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>MAPA D2</dc:source><dc:subject>LC</dc:subject><dc:subject>T1</dc:subject><dc:title>Dancing Together: Two halves of a whole</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Brooks, PA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:242
Date: 2017-09-07

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:242</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T10:02:55Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The Devices Profile for Web Services (DPWS) standard enables the use of Web services for certain Internet of Things (IoT) applications. DPWS is appropriate for implementing services on resource-constrained devices. However, little investigation has gone into how such services perform in IoT scenarios when it comes to features such as dynamic discovery and publish-subscribe eventing. Moreover, DPWS introduces considerable overhead due to its use of SOAP envelopes in exchange messages. To tackle these problems, the authors extend the DPWS standard using a REST proxy, creating a RESTful Web API that paves the way for developers to invest more in this technology.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/242/3/IC_IC-Lee.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>IEEE</dc:publisher><dc:source>1941-0131</dc:source><dc:subject>T1</dc:subject><dc:title>Extending the Devices Profile for Web Services Standard Using a REST Proxy</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Lee, GM</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:240
Date: 2015-04-16

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      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:240</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-04-16T14:49:49Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><dc:description>More official complaints about medical treatment in the UK relate to poor communications than to wrong diagnoses.  This article, in considering the importance of communications training for clinicians, is structured into three sections.  From use of a story that introduces the idea of miscommunication and trauma in the first section, the article moves, in the second, to a theorisation of trauma as a concept, addressing issues of intersubjectivity, the relationship between embodied and psychological being, and ethics.  The third section then engages directly with medical communications training, exemplifying a particular literary-studies approach to matters of communication.</dc:description><dc:format>application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/240/1/GERANIUMS%20RED%20%20FOR%20SUBMISSION%20%20with%20acks%20and%20amendments%20finalised.docx</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer Verlag</dc:publisher><dc:source>1573-3645</dc:source><dc:subject>BJ</dc:subject><dc:subject>RA</dc:subject><dc:title>'Geraniums (red) and delphiniums (blue)': trauma, ethics, and medical communications</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Graham, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:227
Date: 2017-09-07

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      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:227</identifier>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Gypsophila pilulifera, Boiss &amp; Heldr, Caryophyllaceae, is a perennial medicinal herb that grows in the southwestern region of Turkey. Except for only one report on the isolation of cytotoxic saponins from the underground parts of G. pilulifera, there are no published thorough phytochemical or bioactivity studies on this species. In the present study, the free-radical scavenging activity of extracts and fractions of the stems of G. pilulifera was evaluated, using a slightly modified and more precise version of the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay, reported here for the first time. The DPPH assay-guided HPLC-PDA-purification of the active solid-phase extraction fraction (50% methanol in water) of the methanolic extract exhibited verbascoside as the main free-radical scavenger present in this species. The structure of this active compound was resolved by spectroscopy, and the free-radical scavenging potential of verbascoside was determined.&#13;
&#13;
Keywords : Gypsophila pilulifera; Free-radical scavenger; Solid-phase extraction; High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC); Phenylethanoid; Verbascoside.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/227/1/Gypsophilia_BJP2013.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>SOC BRASILEIRA FARMACOGNOSIA</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=WOS:000336187800005&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>0102-695X</dc:source><dc:subject>QD</dc:subject><dc:subject>RS</dc:subject><dc:title>Assessment of free-radical scavenging activity of Gypsophila pilulifera: assay-guided isolation of verbascoside as the main active component</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Chima, NK</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Nahar, L</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Majinda, RRT</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Celik, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Sarker, SD</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:225
Date: 2017-09-06

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      <datestamp>2017-09-06T18:13:00Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Bicycles are a desirable form of transportation for many reasons, including the fact that taking a bicycle is environmentally-friendly, economically cost-effective, a way to keep fit and healthy and, on occasions, an enjoyable social activity. This paper explores the characteristics and commonalities between particular bike-sharing systems in urban areas, with a view to deriving influences on the sustainability of such systems. The empirical study is China and the paper analyses bike-sharing systems in five Chinese cities. China is suffering from the severe negative consequences of high private vehicle usage in large and densely populated cities. Nevertheless a long history of bicycle usage in the country provides great potential for such a green form of travel to be part of public and private transportation. The findings show that bike-sharing systems have varying degrees of success. The configurations which seem the most sustainable consider and integrate elements relating to transport planning, system design and choice of business model. Key conclusions are that those responsible for developing policy and practices in relation to bike-sharing systems need to understand the diverse aspects of value for the stakeholders wishing to engage with such a system. Public bicycle sharing, as a Product Service System, needs to be carefully developed to appreciate the quality and timely interplay between the physical design of the system and the provision of services being offered. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/225/1/Sustainable%20Bike-sharing%20Systems-%20Characteristics%20and%20Communalities%20across%20Cases%20in%20Urban%20China.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>0959-6526</dc:source><dc:subject>TD</dc:subject><dc:title>Sustainable bike-sharing systems: characteristics and commonalities across cases in urban China</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Zhang, L</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Zhang, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Duan, Z-Y</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bryde, DJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.04.006</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:224
Date: 2017-09-08

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      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:224</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-08T06:43:49Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><ali:license_ref start_date="2014-04-01">http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0</ali:license_ref><dc:description>The construction of real estate has the potential to advance sustainability in terms of meeting economic and social criteria—the Business Case and the Societal Case. This is a crucial aspect in the stated visions and plans in many developing countries. Hence, it is important to understand how real estate can best contribute. Semi-structured interviews with a number of decision-makers involved in the real estate sector in the Kingdom of Bahrain were undertaken to explore perceptions of how the sector could best contribute to sustainable development. The decision-makers came from government bodies, investment banks, real estate developers, investors, constructors, project consultants and auditors. The interviews highlight the importance of having a stated vision and strategy which is highly visible and shared by all stakeholders. In the case of Bahrain this is Vision 2030 and the National Economic Strategy. It is important to ensure that any plans that are put in place to achieve the vision/strategy are adaptable to reflect changes in the external environment. The decision-makers identified three areas of focus in terms of the content of policy in order to meet the economic and social-related sustainability criteria as set out in Vision 2030 and the National Economic Strategy. These are: infrastructure, affordable housing and tourism/leisure. Within these three areas, that of infrastructure is also the key enabler for developments in the other two areas to be realized. In terms of a method of governance, the use of public-private-partnerships (PPPs) was identified as being highly appropriate. Such partnerships are not only useful to leverage private sector investment into specific development projects but also to ensure that such development harnesses innovative and efficient methods.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/224/1/The%20Role%20of%20Real%20Estate%20in%20Sustainable%20Development%20in%20Developing%20Countries.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>MDPI AG</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=000334921800005&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>2071-1050</dc:source><dc:subject>HN</dc:subject><dc:title>The Role of Real Estate in Sustainable Development in Developing Countries: The Case of the Kingdom of Bahrain</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Mouzughi, Y</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bryde, DJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Al-Shaer, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:222
Date: 2017-09-06

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:222</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-06T23:16:22Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><ali:license_ref start_date="2014-11-30">http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0</ali:license_ref><dc:description>Phaleria macrocarpa (Scheff.) Boerl. is a dense evergreen tree of the family Thymelaeceae. This plant is popular with the name of Mahkota dewa, which is literally translated as God's Crown. All parts of this plant including fruits, seeds, stem, and leaves have well known therapeutic properties and have been extensively used in traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases such as cancer, diabetes mellitus, allergies, kidney disorders, blood diseases, stroke, and acne with satisfactory results. Scientific findings on bioactivities of P. macrocarpa also demonstrated different pharmacological properties of various parts of this plant including cytotoxic, antidiabetic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and antihypertensive activities. Phytochemicals studies of P. macrocarpa revealed the presence of several classes of compounds such as benzophenones, terpenoids, xanthones, lignans, acids, and sugars. This review aims to provide a critical overview on botanical description, traditional usage, phytochemicals, and pharmacological activities of P. macrocarpa.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/222/1/TANG-14-0018e22_SS2014.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Association of Humanitas Medicine</dc:publisher><dc:source>2233-8985</dc:source><dc:subject>RS</dc:subject><dc:title>The ethnomedicinal, phytochemical and pharmacological properties of Phaleria macrocarpa (Scheff). Boerl</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2014-10-31</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author>Basar, N</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Othman, SNAM</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Nahar, L</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Sarker, SD</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:221
Date: 2017-09-07

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:221</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T13:22:28Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>We recently proposed that the star-forming potential of dense molecular clouds in the Central Molecular Zone (CMZ, i.e. the central few 100 pc) of the Milky Way is intimately linked to their orbital dynamics, potentially giving rise to an absolute-time sequence of star-forming clouds. In this paper, we present an orbital model for the gas stream(s) observed in the CMZ. The model is obtained by integrating orbits in the empirically constrained gravitational potential and represents a good fit (χ2 red = 2.0) to the observed position-velocity distribution of dense (n &gt; several 103 cm−3) gas, reproducing all of its key properties. The orbit is also consistent with observational constraints not included in the fitting process, such as the 3D space velocities of Sgr B2 and the Arches and Quintuplet clusters. It differs from previous,&#13;
parametric models in several respects: (1) the orbit is open rather than closed due to the extended mass distribution in the CMZ, (2) its orbital velocity (100–200 km s−1) is twice as high as in previous models, and (3) Sgr A� coincides with the focus of the (eccentric) orbit rather than being offset. Our orbital solution supports the recently proposed scenario in which the dust ridge between G0.253+0.016 (‘the Brick’) and Sgr B2 represents an absolutetime sequence of star-forming clouds, of which the condensation was triggered by the tidal compression during their most recent pericentre passage. We position the clouds on a common timeline and find that their pericentre passages occurred 0.30–0.74Myr ago. Given their short free-fall times (tff � 0.34 Myr), the quiescent cloud G0.253+0.016 and the vigorously star-forming complex Sgr B2 are separated by a single free-fall time of evolution, implying that star formation proceeds rapidly once collapse has been initiated.We provide the complete orbital solution, as well as several quantitative predictions of our model (e.g. proper motions and the positions of star formation ‘hotspots’). The paper is concludedwith a discussion of the assumptions and possible caveats, as well as the position of the model in the Galactic context, highlighting its relation to large-scale gas accretion, the dynamics of the bar, the x2 orbital family, and the origin of the Arches and Quintuplet clusters.&#13;
&#13;
Key words: galaxies: ISM — ISM: clouds — ISM: kinematics and dynamics — stars: formation—&#13;
Galaxy: centre</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/221/1/1412.0664v1.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Oxford University Press</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=WOS:000350272900003&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>0035-8711</dc:source><dc:subject>QB</dc:subject><dc:title>The dynamical evolution of molecular clouds near the Galactic Centre - I. Orbital structure and evolutionary timeline</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Kruijssen, JMD</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dale, JE</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Longmore, SN</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stu2526</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:219
Date: 2017-09-08

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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><ali:license_ref start_date="2014-08-31">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref><dc:description>The authors have liaised with the UK Government over time to highlight the risks associated with the procurement of ICT systems in the public sector and how they should best be addressed, given its unfortunate history of failed projects and the current systems security agenda. Their focus has been the integral issue of the assurance of software quality. This resulted in their being invited to submit independent “Third Party Guidance” which covers both the available procurement process options and the technical issues and opportunities (drawing on lessons from Industry). The guidance was submitted in February 2013, and after due consideration, it has now been circulated to Government teams that have an interest in this area, including the Government Procurement Service itself. There were two main components to the guidance: Technical aspects and Procurement processes. Technical aspects: There are industrial standards to ensure process quality for both hardware and software. The software component of any system is usually the most problematic, in part because there are a number of different, existing standards. These vary from the largely arbitrary and advisory (e.g. Carnegie Mellon Software Institute’s Capability Maturity Model, Level Five (CMM5)) to the prescriptive (e.g. Avionics’ DO-178b). In addition, the Motor Industry Software Reliability Association (MISRA) has a range of programming standards, which are adopted worldwide. CMM5 has been used in the procurement of public sector systems, but this falls short of what is required, and so greater emphasis should be placed on the level of criticality involved in systems. There are many causes for problems. Some of these are perceived (e.g. avaricious ICT suppliers fool the naïve civil servants and Government ministers), some are root causes (e.g. changing requirements impacting on bolt-on protective and corrective actions) and some are faulty assumptions (e.g. using tried and trusted systems as the basis for new systems will lead to more reliability). There are potential solutions to the problems facing Government Acquired Software, which have different merits. They include: contractual mechanisms; requirements freeze; wrappers; and agile techniques. Lessons should be learned from industries with consistent, successful records of implementing software systems: Nuclear, Avionics and Telecommunications. Specific ways in which the risks inherent in public sector software-based systems can be reduced were then recommended. Procurement processes: Whilst public procurement processes usually place responsibility for the efficacy of software squarely with the providers, failures still occur. A basic premise in the purchase of any artefact is the balance between price and quality, with the general rule (assumed) that the higher the quality the higher the price. Yet the particular problem for information systems is that there is usually no discernable quality assessment visible to either the purchaser or even the provider. Three options were presented for improving procurement processes to minimise the risks associated with poor-quality software: Accreditation Approach; Consortia Approach; and, Contract Requirement. The latter was recommended as the most practical way forward, which can be quickly acted upon. The ongoing collection and collation of results from related audits can then strengthen Government intelligence.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/219/1/Gandy%20R%20%26%20Hennell%20M%20%282014%29%20Public%20ICT%20Procurement%20-%20Maximising%20Quality%20Whilst%20Minimising%20Risk%20Paper%20for%20IPPC6.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>International Public Procurement Conference</dc:publisher><dc:source>International Public Procurement Conference 2014_Book Of Proceedings</dc:source><dc:subject>HF</dc:subject><dc:subject>JF</dc:subject><dc:title>Public ICT Procurement - Maximising Quality Whilst Minimising Risk</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Gandy, RJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hennell, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:217
Date: 2017-09-07

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:217</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T17:31:50Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the nature and development of corporate accounting regulation in Libya. Design/methodology/approach – Questionnaire survey and semi-structured interview methods were used to collect data. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with external auditors, financial managers, accounting academics and regulators. Findings – This paper found general agreement that the accounting regulation of public corporations and banks is strongly influenced by the Libyan Commercial Code and the Income Tax Law. Although listed companies and the banking sector in Libya are required to comply with International Accounting Standards (IASs), the majority of them still comply with the US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (US GAAP). Moreover, the conclusion that can be drawn from this study is that the enforcement of IASs through the Libyan Accountants and Auditors Association (LAAA), local auditors and the Libyan Stock Market has not achieved its purpose. The results also indicate that the accounting profession in Libya is still in its infancy and still lacks clear structure in order to develop corporate accounting practice and it appears to play only an important role in retaining external influences on the accounting practice. The empirical results of this research show that the Salter and Niswander (1995) criteria (longevity, setting exam and auditors’ opinion on companies’ financial reports) found that the level of professionalism in Libya is below the required standard. Originality/value – This paper focuses on corporate accounting regulation and practices and the role of the LAAA in the development of corporate accounting in Libya. This paper, therefore, aims to contribute to the literature by examining the corporate accounting regulation in Libya and fills a gap in international accounting research.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/217/3/ESSA_KM_MARCH_2014_Paper_Developing_corporate_accounting_regulation_in_Libya.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Emerald</dc:publisher><dc:source>2042-1168</dc:source><dc:subject>HF5601</dc:subject><dc:title>Developing Corporate accounting regulation in Libya: Past and future Challenges</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Menacere, MK</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>El-Firjani, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Menacere, K</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Pegum, R</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>SMUR</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:215
Date: 2015-12-09

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:215</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-12-09T11:22:27Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><ali:license_ref start_date="2014-11-06">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/under-embargo-all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref><dc:description>This paper addresses the issue of autonomous fair signature exchange in emerging ubiquitous (u-) commerce systems, which require that the exchange task be delegated to authorised devices for its autonomous and secure execution. Relevant existing work is either inefficient or ineffective in dealing with such delegated exchange. To rectify this situation, this paper aims to propose an effective, efficient and secure solution to the delegated exchange to support the important autonomy feature offered by u-commerce systems. The proposed work includes a novel approach to symmetric-key based verifiable proxy encryption to make the exchange delegation flexible, efficient and simple to implement on resource-limited devices commonly used in u-commerce systems. This approach is then applied to design a new exchange protocol. An analysis of the protocol is also provided to confirm its security and fairness. Moreover, a comparison with related work is presented to demonstrate its much better efficiency and simplicity.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/215/1/JCSS-PLEASE-Paper-Accepted.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>ELSEVIER</dc:publisher><dc:source>0022-0000</dc:source><dc:subject>QA75</dc:subject><dc:title>Fair signature exchange via delegation on ubiquitous networks</dc:title><dcterms:dateAccepted>2014-11-06</dcterms:dateAccepted><rioxxterms:author>Shi, Q</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Zhang, N</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Merabti, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:contributor>Segal, M</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:214
Date: 2017-09-07

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:214</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T17:46:51Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>We present new deep images of the Coma Cluster from the ESA Herschel Space Observatory at wavelengths of 70, 100 and 160 μm, covering an area of 1.75 × 1.0 square degrees&#13;
encompassing the core and south-west infall region. Our data display an excess of sources at flux densities above 100 mJy compared to blank-field surveys, as expected. We use extensive optical spectroscopy of this region to identify cluster members and hence produce cluster luminosity functions in all three photometric bands. We compare our results to the local field galaxy luminosity function, and the luminosity functions from the Herschel Virgo Cluster Survey. We find consistency between the shapes of the Coma and field galaxy luminosity functions at all three wavelengths; however, we do not find the same level of agreement with that of the Virgo Cluster.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/214/1/Hickinbottom_2014.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Oxford University Press</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=000339423100028&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>0035-8711</dc:source><dc:subject>QB</dc:subject><dc:title>A surprising consistency between the far-infrared galaxy luminosity functions of the field and Coma</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Hickinbottom, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Simpson, CJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>James, PA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ibar, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Carter, D</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Boselli, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Collins, CA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Davies, JI</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dunne, L</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Eales, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Fuller, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mobasher, B</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Peletier, RF</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Phillipps, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Smith, DJB</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Smith, RJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Valentijn, EA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:213
Date: 2017-09-06

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:213</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-06T19:28:11Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>To trace the dietary evolution of the two abundant Middle to Late Pleistocene rhinoceros species Stephanorhinus kirchbergensis and Stephanorhinus hemitoechus in Europe over several climatic cycles, we examined comprehensive material of stratigraphically well-defined alaeopopulations from different regions and interglacials. Using morphometrics and mesowear analysis, these reconstructions of Stephanorhinus diets indicate that habitat diversity and interspecific competition with closely related rhinoceros species induced variation in feeding behaviour. Although anatomical features of both species suggest significantly higher dietary specializations compared to the Early to early Middle Pleistocene Stephanorhinus hundsheimensis, their mesowear signals are characteristic of a mixed feeder diet, similar to that of extant mammal species in relatively open habitats. Both species retained a degree of dietary flexibility, enabling them to survive in a range of environments. Although each of these rhinoceroses preferred different habitats, species identity alone is not sufficient to establish the real dietary traits of a Stephanorhinus palaeopopulation. As a consequence, their occurrence in a faunal assemblage alone cannot be taken to indicate a specific habitat.&#13;
&#13;
S. kirchbergensis and S. hemitoechus were embedded in a dynamic process of temporo-spatial replacements and interspecific differentiation of rhinoceroses in the western Palaearctic. However, dietary specialization in these Middle to Late Pleistocene European rhinoceroses was not the result of a directed time-transgressive evolution. Rather, within the range of each species' ecological tolerance, it was controlled by environmental parameters, with habitat variability as the main factor.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/213/3/Stephanorhinusdietaryspecialisation_revised.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elseiver</dc:publisher><dc:source>Quaternary Science Reviews</dc:source><dc:subject>GB</dc:subject><dc:subject>QH301</dc:subject><dc:title>Dietary variation and overlap in Central and Northwest European Stephanorhinus kirchbergensis and S. hemitoechus (Rhinocerotidae, Mammalia) influenced by habitat diversity</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Van Asperen, EN</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kahlke, R-D</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:210
Date: 2017-09-08

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:210</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-08T10:49:03Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Recent ground-based near-IR (NIR) studies of stellar clusters in nearby galaxies have suggested that young clusters remain embedded for 7–10 Myr in their progenitor molecular cloud, in conflict with optical-based studies which find that clusters are exposed after 1–3 Myr. Here, we investigate the role that spatial resolution plays in this apparent conflict. We use a recent catalogue of young (&lt;10 Myr) massive (&gt;5000 M⊙) clusters in the nearby spiral galaxy, M83, along with Hubble Space Telescope (HST) imaging in the optical and NIR, and ground-based NIR imaging, to see how the colours (and hence estimated properties such as age and extinction) are affected by the aperture size employed, in order to simulate studies of differing resolution. We find that the NIR is heavily affected by the resolution, and when aperture sizes &gt;40 pc are used, all young/blue clusters move redwards in colour space, which results in their appearance as heavily extincted clusters. However, this is due to contamination from nearby sources and nebular emission, and is not an extinction effect. Optical colours are much less affected by resolution. Due to the larger effect of contamination in the NIR, we find that, in some cases, clusters will appear to show NIR excess when large (&gt;20 pc) apertures are used. Our results explain why few young (&lt;6 Myr), low-extinction (A V &lt;1  mag) clusters have been found in recent ground-based NIR studies of cluster populations, while many such clusters have been found in higher resolution HST-based studies. Additionally, resolution effects appear to (at least partially) explain the origin of the NIR excess that has been found in a number of extragalactic young massive clusters.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/210/1/1408.4163v1.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Oxford University Press</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=000343400100062&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>0035-8711</dc:source><dc:subject>QB</dc:subject><dc:title>The effect of spatial resolution on optical and near-IR studies of stellar clusters: implications for the origin of the red excess</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bastian, N</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Adamo, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Schirmer, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hollyhead, K</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Beletsky, Y</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Carraro, G</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Davies, B</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gieles, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Silva-Villa, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:209
Date: 2017-09-06

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      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:209</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-06T14:05:33Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>In this paper, we present a novel coarticulation and speech synchronization framework compliant with MPEG-4 facial animation. The system we have developed uses MPEG-4 facial animation standard and other development to enable the creation, editing and playback of high resolution 3D models; MPEG-4 animation streams; and is compatible with well-known related systems such as Greta and Xface. It supports text-to-speech for dynamic speech synchronization. The framework enables real-time model simplification using quadric-based surfaces. Our coarticulation approach provides realistic and high performance lip-sync animation, based on Cohen-Massaro’s model of coarticulation adapted to MPEG-4 facial animation (FA) specification. The preliminary experiments show that the coarticulation technique we have developed gives overall good and promising results when compared to related techniques.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/209/1/KIB-AER-2014-Online.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>EMERALD GROUP PUBLISHING LIMITED</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=000341943900003&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>0368-492X</dc:source><dc:subject>QA75</dc:subject><dc:title>Coarticulation and speech synchronization in MPEG-4 based facial animation</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Duarte, RLP</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>El Rhalibi, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Merabti, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:208
Date: 2017-09-06

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Date: 2017-09-07

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ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:203
Date: 2017-09-07

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ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:201
Date: 2017-09-12

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ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:193
Date: 2017-09-07

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&#13;
&#13;
Keywords&#13;
Geographical Information System; &#13;
Evolution; &#13;
Dwelling; &#13;
Fire risk</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/193/3/Fireprevevolvev10fsjpostreferredversion.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>0379-7112</dc:source><dc:subject>T1</dc:subject><dc:subject>TA</dc:subject><dc:title>The evolution of geographical information systems for fire prevention support</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Higgins, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Taylor, MJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Francis, H</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jones, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Appleton, D</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:192
Date: 2017-09-07

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&#13;
 – The purpose of this paper is to propose a novel approach that automates the visualisation of both quantitative data (the network) and qualitative data (the content) within emails to aid the triage of evidence during a forensics investigation. Email remains a key source of evidence during a digital investigation, and a forensics examiner may be required to triage and analyse large email data sets for evidence. Current practice utilises tools and techniques that require a manual trawl through such data, which is a time-consuming process. &#13;
&#13;
&#13;
&#13;
&#13;
Design/methodology/approach&#13;
&#13;
 – This paper applies the methodology to the Enron email corpus, and in particular one key suspect, to demonstrate the applicability of the approach. Resulting visualisations of network narratives are discussed to show how network narratives may be used to triage large evidence data sets. &#13;
&#13;
&#13;
&#13;
&#13;
Findings&#13;
&#13;
 – Using the network narrative approach enables a forensics examiner to quickly identify relevant evidence within large email data sets. Within the case study presented in this paper, the results identify key witnesses, other actors of interest to the investigation and potential sources of further evidence. &#13;
&#13;
&#13;
&#13;
&#13;
Practical implications&#13;
&#13;
 – The implications are for digital forensics examiners or for security investigations that involve email data. The approach posited in this paper demonstrates the triage and visualisation of email network narratives to aid an investigation and identify potential sources of electronic evidence. &#13;
&#13;
&#13;
&#13;
&#13;
Originality/value&#13;
&#13;
 – There are a number of network visualisation applications in use. However, none of these enable the combined visualisation of quantitative and qualitative data to provide a view of what the actors are discussing and how this shapes the network in email data sets.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/192/3/IMCSv1postrefereedversion.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Emerald</dc:publisher><dc:source>1758-5805</dc:source><dc:subject>QA76</dc:subject><dc:subject>RA1001</dc:subject><dc:subject>T1</dc:subject><dc:title>Forensic triage of email network narratives through visualisation</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Haggerty, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Haggerty, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Taylor, MJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:191
Date: 2017-09-09

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ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:190
Date: 2017-09-07

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The purpose of the research project was to examine the process of developing a data sharing framework between different public sector organizations.&#13;
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&#13;
A two year case study of a data sharing project between a UK fire and rescue service, local council, NHS primary care trust and a police force was undertaken.&#13;
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It is important to carefully determine the requirements for data sharing, to establish data sharing agreements, to have secure arrangements for data sharing, and to ensure compliance with data protection legislation.&#13;
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Data sharing between public sector organizations can operate effectively if appropriate care is taken when creating data sharing agreements between partner organizations.&#13;
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Data sharing can assist in reducing duplication of effort between public sector organizations, and can reduce costs and enable more co-ordinated provision of public services.&#13;
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&#13;
Data sharing can assist in identifying citizens who might otherwise have been overlooked to relevant organizations. Data sharing can also assist in reducing risks associated with individuals and promote more independent living.&#13;
&#13;
Originality / value:&#13;
&#13;
The detailed analysis of a data sharing case study identified the need for a systematic data sharing framework. Such a framework is proposed and illustrated with practical examples of specification, implementation and evaluation.&#13;
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ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:189
Date: 2017-09-06

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ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:186
Date: 2017-09-06

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ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:184
Date: 2017-09-07

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ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:180
Date: 2017-09-07

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ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:176
Date: 2015-04-02

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A human digital memory, created with the data from these pervasive devices, produces&#13;
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Crown Copyright © 2013 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.</dc:description><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/176/1/PMC_Revision2_Dobbins_new1.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=000336519700011&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>1574-1192</dc:source><dc:subject>QA75</dc:subject><dc:title>Creating human digital memories with the aid of pervasive mobile devices</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Dobbins, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Merabti, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Fergus, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Llewellyn-Jones, D</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:175
Date: 2017-09-09

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>here has been some improvement in the treatment of preterm infants, which has helped to increase their chance of survival. However, the rate of premature births is still globally increasing. As a result, this group of infants are most at risk of developing severe medical conditions that can affect the respiratory, gastrointestinal, immune, central nervous, auditory and visual systems. In extreme cases, this can also lead to long-term conditions, such as cerebral palsy, mental retardation, learning difficulties, including poor health and growth. In the US alone, the societal and economic cost of preterm births, in 2005, was estimated to be $26.2 billion, per annum. In the UK, this value was close to £2.95 billion, in 2009. Many believe that a better understanding of why preterm births occur, and a strategic focus on prevention, will help to improve the health of children and reduce healthcare costs. At present, most methods of preterm birth prediction are subjective. However, a strong body of evidence suggests the analysis of uterine electrical signals (Electrohysterography), could provide a viable way of diagnosing true labour and predict preterm deliveries. Most Electrohysterography studies focus on true labour detection during the final seven days, before labour. The challenge is to utilise Electrohysterography techniques to predict preterm delivery earlier in the pregnancy. This paper explores this idea further and presents a supervised machine learning approach that classifies term and preterm records, using an open source dataset containing 300 records (38 preterm and 262 term). The synthetic minority oversampling technique is used to oversample the minority preterm class, and cross validation techniques, are used to evaluate the dataset against other similar studies. Our approach shows an improvement on existing studies with 96% sensitivity, 90% specificity, and a 95% area under the curve value with 8% global error using the polynomial classifier.</dc:description><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/175/1/PLoS%20One.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=000326241200018&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>1932-6203</dc:source><dc:subject>QA75</dc:subject><dc:subject>RJ</dc:subject><dc:title>Prediction of Preterm Deliveries from EHG Signals Using Machine Learning</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Fergus, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Cheung, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hussain, A</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Al-Jumeily, D</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Dobbins, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Iram, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:166
Date: 2017-09-06

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      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:166</identifier>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>A healthy lifestyle has the ability not only to give you more energy and help you look and feel better, but it also has the ability to help you live longer and prevent disease, such as obesity and pressure ulcers. This is particularly important for the elderly population, as a healthier lifestyle would enable independent living to occur for a longer period of time. However, providing a direct link between increasing physical activity and positive health outcomes is a problem. The effect of leading an increasing sedentary lifestyle is also not evident straightaway. Effects of this behavior often occur over years and decades, as opposed to days or months. Therefore, there is very little willingness to change, if instant results are not seen. There is a need to provide a mechanism that is able to monitor an individual and provide a visual indication of his or her behavior. It is envisioned that the area of human digital memories is capable of providing such a system. This article explores how sedentary behavior and journey information can be collected, from different environments, so that an illustration of a user's habits can be seen and changes can occur. A successful prototype has also been developed that evaluates the applicability of the approach. Copyright © 2013, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2013.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/166/3/Monitoring%20and%20Reducing%20Sedentary%20Behaviour%20in%20the%20Elderly%20with%20the%20Aid%20of%20Human%20Digital%20Memories_Main%20Text.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>MARY ANN LIEBERT, INC</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=000316059300007&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>1530-5627</dc:source><dc:subject>QA75</dc:subject><dc:title>Monitoring and Reducing Sedentary Behavior in the Elderly with the Aid of Human Digital Memories</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Dobbins, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Fergus, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Stratton, G</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Rosenberg, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Merabti, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:165
Date: 2017-09-10

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Memories are an important aspect of a person's life and experiences. The area of human digital memories focuses on encapsulating this phenomenon, in a digital format, over a lifetime. Through the proliferation of ubiquitous devices, both people and the surrounding environment are generating a phenomenal amount of data. With all of this disjointed information available, successfully searching it and bringing it together, to form a human digital memory, is a challenge. This is especially true when a lifetime of data is being examined. Linked Data provides an ideal, and novel, solution for overcoming this challenge, where a variety of data sources can be drawn upon to capture detailed information surrounding a given event. Memories, created in this way, contain vivid structures and varied data sources, which emerge through the semantic clustering of content and other memories. This paper presents DigMem, a platform for creating human digital memories, based on device-specific services and the user's current environment. In this way, information is semantically structured to create temporal "memory boxes" for human experiences. A working prototype has been successfully developed, which demonstrates the approach. In order to evaluate the applicability of the system a number of experiments have been undertaken. These have been successful in creating human digital memories and illustrating how a user can be monitored in both indoor and outdoor environments. Furthermore, the user's heartbeat information is analysed to determine his or her heart rate. This has been achieved with the development of a QRS Complex detection algorithm and heart rate calculation method. These methods process collected electrocardiography (ECG) information to discern the heart rate of the user. This information is essential in illustrating how certain situations can make the user feel. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved..</dc:description><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/165/1/ComCom%20Special%20Issue_Revised2_Dobbins1.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=000327417900007&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>0140-3664</dc:source><dc:subject>QA75</dc:subject><dc:title>Exploiting linked data to create rich human digital memories</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Dobbins, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Merabti, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Fergus, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Llewellyn-Jones, D</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Bouhafs, F</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:164
Date: 2017-09-07

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      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:164</identifier>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The behaviour of norm-autonomous agents is determined by their goals and the norms that are explicitly represented inside their minds. Thus, they require mechanisms for acquiring and accepting norms, determining when norms are relevant to their case, and making decisions about norm compliance. Up until now the existing proposals on norm-autonomous agents assume that agents interact within a deterministic environment that is certainly perceived. In practise, agents interact by means of sensors and actuators under uncertainty with non-deterministic and dynamic environments. Therefore, the existing proposals are unsuitable or, even, useless to be applied when agents have a physical presence in some real-world environment. In response to this problem we have developed the n-BDI architecture. In this paper, we propose a multi-context graded BDI architecture (called n-BDI) that models norm-autonomous agents able to deal with uncertainty in dynamic environments. The n-BDI architecture has been experimentally evaluated and the results are shown in this paper. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.</dc:description><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/164/1/N-BDI.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher><dc:source>0888-613X</dc:source><dc:subject>QA</dc:subject><dc:subject>QA75</dc:subject><dc:title>Reasoning about norms under uncertainty in dynamic environments</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Criado, N</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Argente, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Botti, V</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Noriega, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:163
Date: 2017-09-07

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      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:163</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T06:04:15Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Software agents can be members of different institutions along their life; they might even belong to different institutions simultaneously. For these reasons, agents need capabilities that allow them to determine the repercussion that their actions would have within the different institutions. This association between the physical word, in which agents' interactions and actions take place, and the institutional world is defined by means of constitutive norms. Currently, the problem of how agents reason about constitutive norms has been tackled from a theoretical perspective only. Thus, there is a lack of more practical proposals that allow the development of software agents capable of reasoning about constitutive norms. In this article we propose an information model, knowledge representation and an inference mechanism to enable Belief-Desire-Intention agents to reason about the consequences of their actions on the institutions and making decisions accordingly. Specifically, the information model, knowledge representation and inference mechanism proposed in this article allows agents to keep track of the institutional state given that they have a physical presence in some real-world environment. Agents have a limited and not fully believable knowledge of the physical world (i.e. they are placed in an uncertain environment). Therefore, our proposal also deals with the uncertainty of the environment. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.</dc:description><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/163/1/ConstitutiveIGPLVersionFinal.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Oxford University Press</dc:publisher><dc:source>13670751</dc:source><dc:subject>QA76</dc:subject><dc:title>Reasoning about constitutive norms in BDI agents</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Criado, N</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Argente, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Noriega, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Botti, VJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:162
Date: 2017-09-07

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Norms are used in open Multi-Agent Systems as a formal specification of deontic statements aimed at regulating the actions of agents and the interactions among them. In this paper, we propose a set of services facilitating the development of both non-normative and normative agents for norm-governed MAS. Specifically, we propose to provide agents with norm reasoning services. These services will help agent designers/developers to programme agents that consider norm reasoning without having to implement the needed mechanisms to reason about norms by themselves. This article shows how these services perform as well as the results of the experiments that we conducted to evaluate their performance.</dc:description><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/162/1/ITMAS12SpecialIssueFinal.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Springer US</dc:publisher><dc:source>1387-3326</dc:source><dc:subject>QA75</dc:subject><dc:title>Norm reasoning services</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Criado, N</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Such, JM</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Botti, VJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10796-013-9444-7</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:160
Date: 2015-04-16

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evaluation. At present there is a growing trend towards designing buildings to be more adaptable within the UK property market. Hence, economic evaluation of adaptable&#13;
buildings needs to be undertaken as early as possible for appropriate long term decisions. This paper examines the paradigm shift required for a WLA approach for adaptable&#13;
buildings while identifying the benefits and barriers of its practical application. A comprehensive literature review was undertaken to analyse how WLA could be used as a&#13;
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within adaptable buildings. Being involved in the ‘Adaptable Futures’ research project at&#13;
Loughborough University, the authors have blended their thoughts with available literature and attempt to identify how important in undertaking WLA is for an adaptable facility while identifying the barriers of current applications. Stakeholder input is crucial towards the&#13;
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Key words: economic evaluation, whole life analysis, adaptable buildings, barriers, benefits, stakeholders’ role</dc:description><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/160/1/Paper%202.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>Changing Roles: New Roles; New Challenges</dc:source><dc:subject>TH</dc:subject><dc:title>Paradigm shift towards whole life analysis in adaptable buildings</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Manewa, RMAS</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Pasquire, CL</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gibb, AG</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Schmidt-III, R</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:contributor>Wamelink, H</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:type>Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:153
Date: 2017-09-07

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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This exploratory study focuses on immigrant women who have been living in Liverpool since 2001. Its aim is to identify the difference - if any – between a subjective perception of integration of the respondents and the findings derived from an objective evaluation of their integration based on the collected data. The foreign women contacted had arrived from all over the world and the extensive questionnaire addressed a breadth of aspects relating to the individuals and their relation to the host community. The intention of the study is not to examine exclusionary or inclusionary practices at play in Liverpool. A wide variety of texts on immigration/migration was consulted and it was noted that literature has generally neglected the importance of immigrant women’s integration into the host society, a gap this study attempts to fill. Purposive sampling, defined as a non-probability sampling procedure was used for the composition of the sample (Saunders et al, 2007). Data were gathered by mean of a questionnaire. The different sections related to demographic information, education, identity, and religion. A number of questions required the knowledge and practice of the local cultural approaches to daily life; in this way, focus was put on the lived experience of the respondents. To avoid bias, responses collected from the questionnaires were evaluated by using a purposely created mathematical tool (see page 6) which facilitated the formulation of an objective measurement of integration. The findings have shown a marked difference between the subjective perception of integration and the objective outcome. It is therefore possible to speculate that immigrant women in Liverpool are generally not integrated within the wider society of the city. Furthermore, the findings have shown that the knowledge of English, the level of education and the length of residence are useful indicators of integration.</dc:description><dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/153/4/The%20world%20in%20one%20city.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Common Ground Publishing LLC</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://ijhcpc.cgpublisher.com/product/pub.249/prod.61</dc:relation><dc:source>2327-0047</dc:source><dc:subject>H1</dc:subject><dc:subject>HM</dc:subject><dc:subject>JA</dc:subject><dc:title>The world in One City: Immigrant Integration in Liverpool</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Di Cristo, N</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hickman, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:150
Date: 2017-09-07

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      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:150</identifier>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Networked learning has always had a connection to a set of pedagogic values and it has defined itself as linked to the development of information and communication technologies. These values and the technologies which allow for the development of contemporary networked learning mean that the field has an implicit politics. In an age of austerity what are the implications for networked learning? The development of networked learning largely coincided with the development of neo-liberal politics in advanced industrial countries and the technologies deployed to enable networked learning are largely the outcome of design and development carried out by large multi-national US based corporations. This backdrop of neo-liberal corporatism was called into question by the banking crisis of 2008 and the conversion of a private debt crisis into a sovereign debt crisis. In this process public austerity has become a dominant consideration in policy for higher education. Government has changed its relationship to higher education, most notably in the UK (focused on England), and is generally trying to both reduce overall expenditure and at the same time ensure either equivalent outputs or improved levels of output. The drive for productivity gains, a drive for ‘more for less’, informs the hype and policy motivation behind xMOOCs because they seem to offer a way to enable cheaper and wider access to higher education. This paper takes a critical look at the way austerity politics are revising the values and affecting the development of technologies for networked learning and suggests ways that researchers will need to engage with resistance to aspects of austerity politics.</dc:description><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/150/1/Jones-Politics%20of%20NL.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>978-1-86220-304-4</dc:source><dc:subject>JA</dc:subject><dc:subject>LB</dc:subject><dc:title>The Politics of Networked Learning in an Age of Austerity</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Jones, CR</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:contributor>Bayne, S</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Jones, C</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>De Laat, M</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Ryberg, T</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:contributor>Sinclair, C</rioxxterms:contributor><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:149
Date: 2017-09-07

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ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:148
Date: 2017-09-08

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      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:148</identifier>
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ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:143
Date: 2017-09-12

RIOXX

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      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:143</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-12T13:15:07Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The vernacularization of voice-recording technology over the course of the past century means that we have largely forgotten what a strange and quasi-magical thing it is to preserve someone’s voice. This article, first delivered as the Ben Pimlott Memorial Lecture, traces the development of voice-recording technologies in the twentieth century from gramophone records to miniaturized mobile devices. It argues that the recording of the voice led to a renewed awareness of the voice as a trained instrument, as a marker of individual identity, and as a way of immortalizing speech and preserving an auditory remnant of people after their deaths. Recording technologies extended the range of voices that could be heard by taking the BBC and other voice capturers beyond the London-based live studios and what Lord Reith referred to as the anonymous ‘collective personality’ of the radio announcers; and it made people listen intently to voices as both expressions of the self and as vehicles for communicating with others. The voice recording technologies of the past century were essentially democratizing, allowing the ‘voice of the people’ to be heard in authentic everyday settings albeit in fragmentary and imperfect ways.</dc:description><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/143/1/Moran%20vox%20populi%20TCBH.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Oxford University Press</dc:publisher><dc:source>0955-2359</dc:source><dc:subject>PN0441</dc:subject><dc:subject>PN1990</dc:subject><dc:title>‘Vox Populi? The Recorded Voice and Twentieth-Century British History’</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Moran, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:126
Date: 2017-09-13

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      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:126</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-13T18:40:58Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Pulmonary vaccine delivery has gained significant attention as an alternate route for vaccination without the use of needles. Immunization through the pulmonary route induces both mucosal and systemic immunity, and the delivery of antigens in a dry powder state can overcome some challenges such as cold-chain and availability of medical personnel compared to traditional liquid-based vaccines. Antigens formulated as nanoparticles (NPs) reach the respiratory airways of the lungs providing greater chance of uptake by relevant immune cells. In addition, effective targeting of antigens to the most ‘professional’ antigen presenting cells (APCs), the dendritic cells (DCs) yields an enhanced immune response and the use of an adjuvant further augments the generated immune response thus requiring less antigen/dosage to achieve vaccination. This review discusses the pulmonary delivery of vaccines, methods of preparing NPs for antigen delivery and targeting, the importance of targeting DCs and different techniques involved in formulating dry powders suitable for inhalation.</dc:description><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/126/1/nitesh%20review%202012%20proofs.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>SPRINGER/PLENUM PUBLISHERS</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=000314034600002&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>0724-8741</dc:source><dc:subject>RM</dc:subject><dc:subject>RS</dc:subject><dc:title>Nanocarriers Targeting Dendritic Cells for Pulmonary Vaccine Delivery</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Kunda, NK</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Somavarapu, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gordon, SB</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hutcheon, GA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Saleem, IY</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:125
Date: 2017-09-07

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      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:125</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T13:50:17Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Abstract Poly(glycerol adipate-co-ω-pentadecalactone) (PGA-co-PDL) was previously evaluated for the colloidal delivery of α-chymotrypsin. In this article, the effect of varying polymer molecular weight (MW) and chemistry on particle size and morphology; encapsulation efficiency; in vitro release; and the biological activity of α-chymotrypsin (α-CH) and lysozyme (LS) were investigated. Microparticles were prepared using emulsion solvent evaporation and evaluated by various methods. Altering the MW or monomer ratio of PGA-co-PDL did not significantly affect the encapsulation efficiency and overall poly(1,3-propanediol adipate-co-ω-pentadecalactone) (PPA-co-PDL) demonstrated the highest encapsulation efficiency. In vitro release varied between polymers, and the burst release for α-CH-loaded microparticles was lower when a higher MW PGA-co-PDL or more hydrophobic PPA-co-PDL was used. The results suggest that, although these co-polyesters could be useful for protein delivery, little difference was observed between the different PGA-co-PDL polymers and PPA-co-PDL generally provided a higher encapsulation and slower release of enzyme than the other polymers tested.</dc:description><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/125/1/DDIP%20proofs%202013.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:relation>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23855737</dc:relation><dc:source>Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy</dc:source><dc:subject>RM</dc:subject><dc:subject>RS</dc:subject><dc:title>Evaluation of biodegradable polyester-co-lactone microparticles for protein delivery.</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Tawfeek, HM</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Khidr, SH</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Samy, EM</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ahmed, SM</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Gaskell, EE</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hutcheon, GA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:124
Date: 2017-09-06

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      <datestamp>2017-09-06T23:19:33Z</datestamp>
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ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:123
Date: 2017-09-07

RIOXX

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:123</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T04:20:33Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/123/1/Encapsulation%20and%20release%20of%20a-chymotrypsin%20from%20poly%28glycerol%20adipate-co-w-pentadecalactone%29%20microparticles.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>INFORMA HEALTHCARE</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=000254574900005&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>0265-2048</dc:source><dc:subject>QD</dc:subject><dc:subject>RM</dc:subject><dc:title>Encapsulation and release of alpha-chymotrypsin from poly(glycerol adipate-co-omega-pentadecalactone) microparticles</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Gaskell, EE</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hobbs, G</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Rostron, C</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hutcheon, GA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:121
Date: 2017-09-06

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:121</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-06T18:33:18Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The high hole mobility of Ge makes it a strong candidate for end of roadmap pMOSFETs and low interface states have been achieved for the Al2O3-GeO2-Ge gate-stack. This structure, however, suffers from significant negative bias temperature instability (NBTI), dominated by positive charge (PC) in Al2O3/GeO2. An in-depth understanding of the PCs will assist in the minimization of NBTI and the defect energy distribution will provide valuable information. The energy distribution also provides the effective charge density at a given surface potential, a key parameter required for simulating the impact of NBTI on device and circuit performance. For the first time, this letter reports the energy distribution of the PC in Al2O3/GeO2 on Ge. It is found that the energy density of the PC has a clear peak near Ge Ec at the interface and a relatively low level between Ec and Ev. Below Ev at the interface, it increases rapidly and screens 20% of the Vg rise.</dc:description><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/121/1/EDL-2014-Ge-Energy-p162.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=WOS:000331377500004&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>0741-3106</dc:source><dc:subject>TK</dc:subject><dc:title>Energy Distribution of Positive Charges in Al2O3/GeO2/Ge pMOSFETs</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Ma, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Zhang, JF</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Ji, Z</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Benbakhti, B</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Zhang, WD</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Mitard, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Kaczer, B</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Groeseneken, G</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hall, S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Robertson, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Chalker, P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version><rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/LED.2013.2295516</rioxxterms:version_of_record></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:117
Date: 2017-09-07

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:117</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T16:17:57Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper discusses the operation of a multiphase system, which is aimed at both variable-speed drive and generating (e.g., wind energy) applications, using back-to-back converter structure with dual three-phase machine-side converters. In the studied topology, an asymmetrical six-phase induction machine is controlled using two three-phase two-level voltage source converters connected in series to form a cascaded dc link. The suggested configuration is analyzed, and a method for dc-link midpoint voltage balancing is developed. Voltage balancing is based on the use of additional degrees of freedom that exist in multiphase machines and represents entirely new utilization of these degrees. The validity of the topology and its control is verified by simulation and experimental results on a laboratory-scale prototype, thus proving that it is possible to achieve satisfactory dc-link voltage control under various operating scenarios. © 1982-2012 IEEE.</dc:description><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/117/1/IEEETIE2013-HangSeng.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=000323490100015&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>0278-0046</dc:source><dc:subject>TK</dc:subject><dc:title>Operation of a Six-Phase Induction Machine Using Series-Connected Machine-Side Converters</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Che, HS</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Levi, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jones, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Duran, MJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hew, W-P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Abd Rahim, N</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:116
Date: 2017-09-06

RIOXX

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:116</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-06T17:32:20Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper presents an investigation of the finite-control-set model predictive control (FCS-MPC) of a five-phase induction motor drive. Specifically, performance with regard to different selections of inverter switching states is investigated. The motor is operated under rotor flux orientation, and both flux/torque producing (d-q) and nonflux/torque producing (x-y) currents are included into the quadratic cost function. The performance is evaluated on the basis of the primary plane, secondary plane, and phase (average) current ripples, across the full inverter's linear operating region under constant flux-torque operation. A secondary plane current ripple weighting factor is added in the cost function, and its impact on all the studied schemes is evaluated. Guidelines for the best switching state set and weighting factor selections are thus established. All the considerations are accompanied with both simulation and experimental results, which are further compared with the steady-state and transient performance of a proportional-integral pulsewidth modulation (PI-PWM)-based current control scheme. While a better transient performance is obtained with FCS-MPC, steady-state performance is always superior with PI-PWM control. It is argued that this is inevitable in multiphase drives in general, due to the existence of nonflux/torque producing current components. © 1982-2012 IEEE.</dc:description><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/116/1/IEEETIE2012-Lim.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=000323490100014&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>0278-0046</dc:source><dc:subject>TK</dc:subject><dc:title>FCS-MPC-Based Current Control of a Five-Phase Induction Motor and its Comparison with PI-PWM Control</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Lim, CS</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Levi, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jones, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Abd Rahim, N</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hew, WP</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:115
Date: 2017-09-07

RIOXX

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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:115</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T05:57:19Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This work discusses the implementation of an efficient fault-tolerant control m a multiphase wind energy conversion system. The conversion system consists of an asymmetrical six-phase induction generator supplied by four voltage source converters (VSCs) m a hybrid series/parallel configuration. Post-fault operation must preserve the current ratings of the system and should also maximize the generated power by means of a proper flux adjustment. Both requirements are achieved m this work using a non-linear optimization analysis and some modifications m the control scheme. Simulation results confirm the optimal and safe performance of the wind energy system under study.</dc:description><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/115/1/IET-PEMD2014-Mario.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>IET Conference Publications</dc:source><dc:subject>TK</dc:subject><dc:title>Fault-tolerant efficient control of six-phase induction generators in wind energy conversion systems with series-parallel machine-side converters</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>González, I</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Duron, MJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Aguado, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Che, HS</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Levi, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:114
Date: 2017-09-09

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:114</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-09T05:25:42Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Using the vector space decomposition approach, the currents in a multiphase machine with distributed winding can be decoupled into the flux and torque producing α-β components, and the loss-producing x-y and zero-sequence components. While the control of α-β currents is crucial for flux and torque regulation, control of x-y currents is important for machine/converter asymmetry and dead-time effect compensation. In this paper, an attempt is made to provide a physically meaningful insight into current control of a six-phase machine, by showing that the fictitious x-y currents can be physically interpreted as the circulating currents between the two three-phase windings. Using this interpretation, the characteristics of x-y currents due to the machine/converter asymmetry can be analyzed. The use of different types of x-y current controllers for asymmetry compensation and suppression of dead-time-induced harmonics is then discussed. Experimental results are provided throughout the paper, to underpin the theoretical considerations, using tests on a prototype asymmetrical six-phase induction machine. © 1986-2012 IEEE.</dc:description><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/114/1/IEEETPE2013-HangSeng.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=000324020500041&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>0885-8993</dc:source><dc:subject>TK</dc:subject><dc:title>Current Control Methods for an Asymmetrical Six-Phase Induction Motor Drive</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Che, HS</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Levi, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jones, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hew, W-P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Abd Rahim, N</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:113
Date: 2017-09-07

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    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:113</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T13:06:40Z</datestamp>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>In this paper derivation of an analytical formula for the leg voltage THD is presented. The considered system is a leg of a multilevel pulse width modulated (PWM) voltage source inverter (VSI). The solution is based on the Parseval's theorem. The assumption throughout the derivations is that the ratio of the switching to the fundamental frequency is high. Derivations are based on the integration of the power of the PWM signal in a single switching period over the fundamental period of the signal. Only an ideal sinusoidal reference leg voltage is analysed. Analytical expression for the leg voltage THD is given for any number of levels. Validity of the derived analytical equations is confirmed by simulations and experiments.</dc:description><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/113/1/IET-PEMD2014-Obrad.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>IET Conference Publications</dc:source><dc:subject>TK</dc:subject><dc:title>Analytical formula for leg voltage THD of a PWM multilevel inverter</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Dordevic, O</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jones, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Levi, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:112
Date: 2017-09-07

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      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:112</identifier>
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      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>Open-end winding three-phase drive topologies have been extensively investigated in the last two decades. In the majority of cases supply of the inverters at the two sides of the winding is provided from isolated dc sources. Recently, studies related to multiphase open-end winding drives have also been conducted, using isolated dc sources at the two winding sides. This paper investigates for the first time a five-phase open-end winding configuration, which is obtained by connecting a two-level five-phase inverter at each side of the stator winding, with both inverters supplied from a common dc source. In such a configuration it is essential to eliminate the common-mode voltage (CMV) that is inevitably created by usual PWM techniques. Based on the vector space decomposition (VSD), the switching states that create zero CMV are indentified and plotted. A space vector pattern with large redundancy of switching states is obtained. Suitable space vectors are then selected to realize the required voltage reference at the machine terminals with zero CMV. The large number of redundant states enables some freedom in the choice of switching states to impress these space vectors. Out of numerous possibilities, two particular switching sequences are chosen for further investigation. Both are implemented in an experimental setup, and the results are presented and discussed. © 2013 IEEE.</dc:description><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/112/1/IEEETIE2013-Nandor.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=000326263700006&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>0278-0046</dc:source><dc:subject>TK</dc:subject><dc:title>A Space Vector PWM With Common-Mode Voltage Elimination for Open-End Winding Five-Phase Drives With a Single DC Supply</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Bodo, N</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jones, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Levi, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:111
Date: 2017-09-07

RIOXX

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RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:111</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T03:48:40Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This paper proposes a noninvasive temperature measurement technique of indirect type, applicable in the permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) drives. The motor temperature is required for protection and monitoring purposes, as well as for updating temperature-dependent control parameters. Direct measurement with dedicated sensors requires peripherals and cabling; hence, it is quite involved and often avoided. Temperature estimation based on test signal injection contributes to torque ripple and often relies on other motor parameters. A solution is proposed here, which makes the use of intrinsic pulse-width modulation excitation and does not use electrical or thermal parameters of the considered PMSM. The temperature of the stator winding is estimated from the motor input impedance Z(ω) calculated over the range of frequencies starting at and going well beyond f. The paper includes analytical considerations, implementation details and experimental verification obtained with a 4.5-kW PMSM used in battery-supplied propulsion systems. © 2013 IEEE.</dc:description><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/111/1/IEEETEC2014-Boban.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0885-8969</dc:source><dc:subject>TK</dc:subject><dc:title>Motor temperature monitoring based on impedance estimation at pwm frequencies</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Popov, NZ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Vukosavic, SN</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Levi, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:110
Date: 2017-09-12

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is a valid RIOXX record

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:110</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-12T14:25:36Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>A two-motor drive, supplied by a five-leg inverter, is considered in this paper. The independent control of machines with full dc-bus voltage utilization is typically achieved using an existing pulsewidth modulation (PWM) technique in conjunction with field-oriented control, based on PI current control. However, model predictive control (MPC), based on a finite number of control inputs [finite-control-set MPC (FCS-MPC)], does not utilize a pulsewidth modulator. This paper introduces three FCS-MPC schemes for synchronous current control in this drive system. The first scheme uses all of the available switching states. The second and third schemes are aimed at reducing the computational burden and utilize a reduced set of voltage vectors and a duty ratio partitioning principle, respectively. Steady-state and transient performances are analyzed and compared both against each other and with respect to the field-oriented control based on PI controllers and PWM. All analyses are experimental and use the same experimental rig and test conditions. Comparison of the predictive schemes leads to the conclusion that the first two schemes have the fastest transient response. The third scheme has a much smaller current ripple while achieving perfect control decoupling between the machines and is of low computational complexity. Nevertheless, at approximately the same switching loss, the PI-PWM control yields the lowest current ripple but with slower electrical transient response. © 1982-2012 IEEE.</dc:description><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/110/1/IEEETIE2014-CSLim.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC</dc:publisher><dc:relation>http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&amp;SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&amp;SrcAuth=LinksAMR&amp;KeyUT=000331791100007&amp;DestLinkType=FullRecord&amp;DestApp=ALL_WOS&amp;UsrCustomerID=7f77ca1697db64ccb27a8011c7ced90d</dc:relation><dc:source>0278-0046</dc:source><dc:subject>TK</dc:subject><dc:title>A Comparative Study of Synchronous Current Control Schemes Based on FCS-MPC and PI-PWM for a Two-Motor Three-Phase Drive</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Lim, C-S</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Levi, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jones, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Abd Rahim, N</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hew, W-P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:109
Date: 2017-09-07

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is a valid RIOXX record

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:109</identifier>
      <datestamp>2017-09-07T05:53:44Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>The paper presents a study of postfault control for an asymmetrical six-phase induction machine with single and two isolated neutral points, during single open-phase fault. Postfault control is based on the normal decoupling (Clarke) transformation, so that reconfiguration of the controller is minimized. Effect of the single open-phase fault on the machine equations under this control structure is discussed. Different modes of postfault operation are analyzed and are further compared in terms of the achievable torque and stator winding losses. Validity of the analysis is verified using experimental results obtained from a six-phase induction motor drive prototype. © 1986-2012 IEEE.</dc:description><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/109/1/IEEETPE2014-HangSengChe.pdf</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:source>0885-8993</dc:source><dc:subject>TK</dc:subject><dc:title>Postfault operation of an asymmetrical six-phase induction machine with single and two isolated neutral points</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Che, HS</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Hew, W-P</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Rahim, NA</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Duran, MJ</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Levi, E</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:author>Jones, M</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>
ID: oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:105
Date: 2015-05-14

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is a valid RIOXX record

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
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<record>
    <header>
      <identifier>oai:researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk:105</identifier>
      <datestamp>2015-05-14T14:49:46Z</datestamp>
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    <metadata>
      <rioxx xmlns="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://docs.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/ http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/rioxx.xsd"><ali:free_to_read/><dc:description>This article discusses the ‘new nature writing’ and the work of some of its key practitioners: Mark Cocker, Roger Deakin, Kathleen Jamie, Richard Mabey and Robert Macfarlane. The new nature writing focuses on finding meaning not in the rare and exotic but in our common, unremarkable encounters with the natural world, and in combining both scientific, scholarly observation of nature with carefully crafted, discursive writing. In this sense it speaks to a contemporary eco-political moment while critically engaging with the rich history of nature writing and thinking about the environment in Britain from the Romantic era onwards, and particularly since the late 1960s.</dc:description><dc:identifier>http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/105/1/Moran%20new%20nature%20writing.doc</dc:identifier><dc:language>en</dc:language><dc:publisher>Manchester University Press</dc:publisher><dc:source>0306-1973</dc:source><dc:subject>PN</dc:subject><dc:title>A Cultural History of the New Nature Writing</dc:title><rioxxterms:author>Moran, J</rioxxterms:author><rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type><rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version></rioxx></metadata></record>

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