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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8200
Date: 2016-12-06

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is not a valid RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:version_of_record'10.1080/14608944.2014.897316' is not a valid HTTP URI in rioxxterms:version_of_record

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:version_of_record'10.1080/14608944.2014.897316' is not a valid HTTP URI in rioxxterms:version_of_record
<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8200</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-12-06T15:56:31Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_5</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_664</setSpec>
  </header>
  <metadata>
    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-11-28">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>The question of eligibility for international sporting representation (ISR) has become increasingly contentious. In this paper we argue that the current ISR regulations are outdated and problematic. Sporting governing bodies ought to ignore citizenship as a criterion for ISR, and instead ISR should be based on a normative account of national belonging which would operate primarily on grounds of early socialisation and longterm residency. This approach would avoid many of the pragmatic and moral pathologies of ISR, and would utilise sports potential in promoting a liberal and progressive understanding of national ties.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/msword</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8200/1/29.%20Iorwerth.docx</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Taylor and Francis</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>1460-8944</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>nation</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>nation-state</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>identity</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>citizenship</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>international sporting representation</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Nation, state and identity in international sport</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2014-02-19</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Iorwerth, Hywel</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Hardman, Alun</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Jones, Carwyn</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2014-03-26</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1080/14608944.2014.897316</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
</rioxx:rioxx>
  </metadata>
</record>
ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8199
Date: 2016-12-06

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is not a valid RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:version_of_record'10.1080/00948705.2015.1036876' is not a valid HTTP URI in rioxxterms:version_of_record

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:version_of_record'10.1080/00948705.2015.1036876' is not a valid HTTP URI in rioxxterms:version_of_record
<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8199</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-12-06T15:54:34Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_5</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_664</setSpec>
  </header>
  <metadata>
    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-11-28">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>In their recent contribution to JPS, Gleaves and Llewellyn argue on lusory and ethical&#13;
grounds that elite sporting competition should cease to be predicated on competitions&#13;
between nations. From a lusory perspective, they argue that inter-national&#13;
sports’ limitation on who can compete (due to it being based on national and&#13;
cultural criteria) undermines some of the central principles of elite sport, such&#13;
as athletic supremacy and merit. From an ethical perspective, they argue that international&#13;
sport is categorically unethical because the national and cultural narratives&#13;
that frame such contests are inherently untruthful and inauthentic. In this article, we&#13;
challenge Gleaves and Llewellyn on both these grounds and argue that national&#13;
identity and representation are worthy values that can be achieved through sport,&#13;
and that inter-national sport, far from being categorically unethical, has the&#13;
potential to stimulate meaningful cultural conversations, both within and between&#13;
national communities.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/msword</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8199/1/28.%20Iorwerth.doc</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Taylor and Francis</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>0094-8705</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>Inter-national sport</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>elite sport</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>identity</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>nationalism</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>The case for inter-national sport: A reply to Gleaves and Llewellyn</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2015-03-29</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Iorwerth, Hywel</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Hardman, Alun</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2015-04-29</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1080/00948705.2015.1036876</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
</rioxx:rioxx>
  </metadata>
</record>
ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8215
Date: 2016-12-13

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is a valid RIOXX record

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8215</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-12-13T10:25:01Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_5</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_664</setSpec>
  </header>
  <metadata>
    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read ali:start_date="2100-01-01"/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-11-29">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/under-embargo-all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>The purpose of the present study was to investigate the experiences of international netball players born in different parts of the school year. A total of thirteen international netball players aged 24 to 52 were interviewed (six born in the first half of the school year and seven born in the second half). A qualitative analysis of the interview data was performed using a combination of deductive and inductive analyses. The analysis focussed on five broad themes: participation motives, attrition motives, age issues, support and location issues. The two groups of players experienced similar participation motives and support from coaches, family, friends and peers. Age issues were experienced by both groups of players. Location effects and the need to balance netball with other commitments were also experienced by both groups of players. There were two differences between the two groups with all seven of the players born in the second half of the school year experiencing performance and social attrition motives. These were experienced by 3 and 4 of the 6 players born in the first half of the school year respectively. Coaches and national governing bodies need to be aware of the attrition motives experienced by players, especially those who live some distance from main netball centres. An understanding of the performance attrition motives experienced specifically by players born in the second half of the school year could help coaches to nurture talented players.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/msword</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8215/1/71.%20POD.doc</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>21C Education Publishing Company, South Korea</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>1975-8286</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>participation motives</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>attrition motives</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>support networks</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Relative age effect in netball: a qualitative investigation</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2013-12-01</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Edwards, Laura</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">O'Donoghue, Peter</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2014-01-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
</rioxx:rioxx>
  </metadata>
</record>
ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8181
Date: 2016-11-24

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is not a valid RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:version_of_record'10.1113/jphysiol.2013.268615' is not a valid HTTP URI in rioxxterms:version_of_record

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:version_of_record'10.1113/jphysiol.2013.268615' is not a valid HTTP URI in rioxxterms:version_of_record
<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8181</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-11-24T19:03:48Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_5</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_664</setSpec>
  </header>
  <metadata>
    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-11-24">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>Research detailing the normal vascular adaptions to high altitude is minimal and&#13;
often confounded by pathology (e.g. chronic mountain sickness) and methodological issues.&#13;
We examined vascular function and structure in: (1) healthy lowlanders during acute hypoxia and prolonged ( 2 weeks) exposure to high altitude, and (2) high-altitude natives at 5050 m (highlanders). In 12 healthy lowlanders (aged 32 ± 7 years) and 12 highlanders(Sherpa; 33 ± 14 years) we assessed brachial endothelium-dependent flow-mediated dilatation(FMD), endothelium-independent dilatation (via glyceryl trinitrate; GTN), common carotid intima–media thickness (CIMT) and diameter (ultrasound), and arterial stiffness via pulse wave velocity (PWV; applanation tonometry). Cephalic venous biomarkers of free radical-mediated lipid peroxidation (lipid hydroperoxides, LOOH), nitrite (NO2 –) and lipid soluble antioxidants were also obtained at rest. In lowlanders, measurements were performed at sea level (334 m) and between days 3–4 (acute high altitude) and 12–14 (chronic high altitude) following arrival to 5050 m. Highlanders were assessed once at 5050 m. Compared with sea level, acute high altitude reduced lowlanders’ FMD (7.9 ± 0.4 vs. 6.8 ± 0.4%; P = 0.004) and GTN-induced dilatation (16.6 ± 0.9 vs. 14.5 ± 0.8%; P = 0.006), and raised central PWV (6.0 ± 0.2 vs. 6.6 ± 0.3 m s−1; P = 0.001). These changes persisted at days 12–14, and after allometricallyscaling FMD to adjust for altered baseline diameter. Compared to lowlanders at sea level and high altitude, highlanders had a lower carotid wall:lumen ratio ( 19%, P   0.04), attributable to a narrower CIMT and wider lumen. Although both LOOH and NO2 – increased with high altitude in lowlanders, only LOOH correlated with the reduction in GTN-induced dilatation&#13;
evident during acute (n = 11, r=−0.53) and chronic (n = 7, r=−0.69; P   0.01) exposure to 5050 m. In a follow-up, placebo-controlled experiment (n=11 healthy lowlanders) conducted in a normobaric hypoxic chamber (inspiredO2 fraction (FIO2 )=0.11; 6 h), a sustained reduction in FMD was evident within 1 h of hypoxic exposure when compared to normoxic baseline (5.7±1.6 vs. 8.0 ±1.3%; P &lt; 0.01); this decline in FMD was largely reversed following α1-adrenoreceptor blockade. In conclusion, high-altitude exposure in lowlanders caused persistent impairment in vascular function, which was mediated partially via oxidative stress and sympathoexcitation. Although a lifetime of high-altitude exposure neither intensifies nor attenuates the impairments seen with short-term exposure, chronic high-altitude exposure appears to be associated with arterial remodelling.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8181/1/7.%20Stembridge.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Wiley</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>0022-3751</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>Hypoxia</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>vasculature</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>α1-adrenoreceptor</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Conduit artery structure and function in lowlanders and native highlanders: relationships with oxidative stress and role of sympathoexcitation</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2013-12-03</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Lewis, Nia C. S.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Bailey, Damian M.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">duManoir, Gregory R.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Messinger, Laura</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Lucas, Samuel J.E.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Cotter, James D.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Donnelly, Joseph</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">McEneny, Jane</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Young, Ian S.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Stembridge, Mike</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Burgess, Keith R.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Basnet, Aparna S.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Ainslie, Philip</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2014-03-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1113/jphysiol.2013.268615</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
</rioxx:rioxx>
  </metadata>
</record>
ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8180
Date: 2016-11-25

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is not a valid RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:version_of_record'10.1152/japplphysiol.00995.2014' is not a valid HTTP URI in rioxxterms:version_of_record

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is not a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:version_of_record'10.1152/japplphysiol.00995.2014' is not a valid HTTP URI in rioxxterms:version_of_record
<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8180</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-11-25T16:18:33Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_5</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_664</setSpec>
  </header>
  <metadata>
    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-11-24">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>Impaired myocardial systolic contraction and diastolic relaxation have been suggested as possible mechanisms contributing to the decreased stroke volume (SV) observed at high altitude (HA). To determine whether intrinsic myocardial performance is a limiting factor in the generation of SV at HA, we assessed left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic mechanics and volumes in 10 healthy participants (aged 32 ± 7; mean ± SD) at rest and during exercise at sea level (SL; 344 m) and after 10 days at 5,050 m. In contrast to SL, LV end-diastolic volume was ∼19% lower at rest (P = 0.004) and did not increase during exercise despite a greater untwisting velocity. Furthermore, resting SV was lower at HA (∼17%; 60 ± 10 vs. 70 ± 8 ml) despite higher LV twist (43%), apical rotation (115%), and circumferential strain (17%). With exercise at HA, the increase in SV was limited (12 vs. 22 ml at SL), and LV apical rotation failed to augment. For the first time, we have demonstrated that EDV does not increase upon exercise at high altitude despite enhanced in vivo diastolic relaxation. The increase in LV mechanics at rest may represent a mechanism by which SV is defended in the presence of a reduced EDV. However, likely because of the higher LV mechanics at rest, no further increase was observed up to 50% peak power. Consequently, although hypoxia does not suppress systolic function per se, the capacity to increase SV through greater deformation during submaximal exercise at HA is restricted.&#13;
&#13;
&#13;
&#13;
&#13;
during initial exposure to hypobaric hypoxia at high altitude (HA), cardiac output for a given absolute workload is increased to compensate for a lower arterial oxygen content before returning to baseline levels with acclimatization (8). However, after 2-5 days of acclimatization, the required cardiac output is generated through a lower stroke volume (SV) and higher heart rate (38). The reduced SV is suggestive of either lower ventricular filling, potentially caused in part by an impaired myocardial relaxation, or impaired ejection secondary to systolic contractile dysfunction. There is, however, a paucity of data in humans supporting a direct effect of hypoxia on myocardial function at HA (25, 41).&#13;
&#13;
The suggestion that hypoxia may impair myocardial systolic function during exercise was proposed nearly 50 years ago (3) and has been revisited more recently (27–29). Negative inotropic effects of hypoxia (arterial oxygen tension of 44 mmHg) have been shown in intact animal models (39) and isolated myocardial fibers under severe hypoxia (1% O2) (33). Exercise training under hypobaric hypoxia is also associated with altered mechanical properties at a cellular level in rodents (9), although chronic hypoxia alone did not decrease myofilament sensitivity to calcium. However, in contrast to animal studies, data in humans indicate that systolic function is maintained or enhanced at HA. For example, Suarez et al. (37) reported the maintenance of systolic function after gradual decompression to a barometric pressure of 282 mmHg, a finding that was subsequently confirmed by numerous investigations during acute and prolonged hypoxic exposure (6, 10, 12, 23, 31). However, of these studies, only Suarez et al. (37) investigated systolic function during light exercise (60 W), where function appeared to be maintained. It is not known whether systolic function is maintained at higher exercise intensities.&#13;
&#13;
It has also been speculated that reduced oxygen availability may impair diastolic relaxation at HA (15, 18) and thus explain the decreased left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic volume (EDV) commonly observed (2, 6, 18). However, despite numerous studies reporting a decrease in plasma volume and altered transmitral filling patterns (2, 6, 20), myocardial relaxation was only previously investigated during hypoxia in dogs (15), and no data exist examining LV relaxation during exercise at high altitude. By using sensitive, noninvasive imaging techniques (two-dimensional speckle tracking), it is now possible to examine the LV deformation mechanics (strain, twist, and untwist velocity) that underpin LV systolic and diastolic function. LV strain and twist have been shown to be sensitive measures of global and regional myocardial function, and reveal subclinical dysfunction in patients where ejection fraction is unchanged (16, 22). In addition, diastolic LV untwist velocity correlates well with invasive measures of LV stiffness and provides a temporal link between relaxation and the development of intraventricular pressure gradients (30, 43). Therefore, examination of LV mechanics at HA may determine whether the decreased SV observed at HA is dependent on impaired myocardial relaxation and/or myocardial contractile dysfunction or confirm previous findings of preserved ventricular function during exercise (37).&#13;
&#13;
We therefore assessed systolic and diastolic ventricular mechanics during incremental exercise at sea level and HA to examine whether impaired myocardial relaxation or systolic dysfunction explains the previously reported reduction in SV at HA. We hypothesized that at HA, 1) ventricular filling would be lower at rest and during exercise and would be accompanied by a reduction in untwist velocity and 2) systolic mechanics would be impaired during exercise at HA.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8180/1/3.%20Hughes%20and%20Shave.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>American Physiological Society</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>8750-7587</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>Hypoxia</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Left ventricular mechanics</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>stroke volume</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Impaired myocardial function does not explain reduced left ventricular filling and stroke volume at rest or during exercise at high altitude</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2015-03-02</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Stembridge, Mike</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Ainslie, Philip</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Hughes, Michael G.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Stöhr, Eric J.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Cotter, James D.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Tymko, Michael M.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Day, Trevor A.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Bakker, Akke</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Shave, Rob</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2015-11-15</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1152/japplphysiol.00995.2014</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
</rioxx:rioxx>
  </metadata>
</record>
ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8184
Date: 2016-11-24

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is not a valid RIOXX record
PropertyError
rioxxterms:version_of_record'10.1113/jphysiol.2014.282962' is not a valid HTTP URI in rioxxterms:version_of_record

RCUK-RIOXX

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<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8184</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-11-24T19:02:00Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_5</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_664</setSpec>
  </header>
  <metadata>
    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-11-24">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>Blood flow through intrapulmonary arteriovenous anastomoses (IPAVA) is increased with exposure to acute hypoxia and has been associated with pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP).  We aimed to determine the direct relationship between blood flow through IPAVA and PASP in 10 participants with no detectable intracardiac shunt by comparing: (1) isocapnic hypoxia (control); (2) isocapnic hypoxia with oral administration of acetazolamide (AZ; 250 mg, three times-a-day for 48 h) to prevent increases in PASP, and (3) isocapnic hypoxia with AZ and 8.4% NaHCO3 infusion (AZ+HCO3-) to control for AZ-induced acidosis.  Isocapnic hypoxia (20 min) was maintained by end-tidal forcing, blood flow through IPAVA was determined by agitated saline contrast echocardiography and PASP was estimated by Doppler ultrasound.  Arterial blood samples were collected at rest before each isocapnic-hypoxia condition to determine pH, [HCO3-], and PaCO2.  AZ decreased pH (-0.08 ± 0.01), [HCO3-] (-7.1 ± 0.7 mmol/l), and PaCO2 (-4.5 ± 1.4 mmHg; p&lt;0.01), while intravenous NaHCO3 restored arterial blood gas parameters to control levels.  Although PASP increased from baseline in all three hypoxic conditions (p&lt;0.05), a main effect of condition expressed an 11 ± 2% reduction in PASP from control (p&lt;0.001) following AZ administration while intravenous NaHCO3 partially restored the PASP response to isocapnic hypoxia. Blood flow through IPAVA increased during exposure to isocapnic hypoxia (p&lt;0.01) and was unrelated to PASP, cardiac output and pulmonary vascular resistance for all conditions. In conclusion, isocapnic hypoxia induces blood flow through IPAVA independent of changes in PASP and the influence of AZ on the PASP response to isocapnic hypoxia is dependent upon the H+ concentration or PaCO2. &#13;
Abbreviations list: AZ, acetazolamide; FEV1, forced expiratory volume in 1 second; FIO2, fraction of inspired oxygen; FVC, forced vital capacity; Hb, total haemoglobin; HPV, hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction; HR, heart rate; IPAVA, intrapulmonary arteriovenous anastomoses; MAP, mean arterial pressure; PASP, pulmonary artery systolic pressure; PETCO2, end-tidal partial pressure of carbon dioxide; PETO2, end-tidal partial pressure of oxygen; PFO, patent foramen ovale; PVR, pulmonary vascular resistance; Q̇c, cardiac output; RVOT, right ventricular outflow tract; SpO2, oxyhaemoglobin saturation; SV, stroke volume; TRV, tricuspid regurgitant velocity; V̇E, minute ventilation; VTI, velocity-time integral</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8184/8/restricted-resource.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>The Physiological Society</dc:publisher>
   <dc:subject>Intrapulmonary arteriovenous anastomoses</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>acetazolamide</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>pulmonary artery pressure</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Hypoxia, not pulmonary vascular pressure induces blood flow through intrapulmonary arteriovenous anastomoses</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2014-11-10</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Tremblay, Joshua</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Lovering, Andrew T.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Ainslie, Philip</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Stembridge, Mike</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Burgess, Keith R.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Bakker, Akke</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Donnelly, Joseph</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Lucas, Samuel J.E.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Lewis, Nia C. S.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Dominelli, Paolo B.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Henderson, William R.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Dominelli, Giulio S.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Sheel, A. William</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Foster, Glen</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2014-12-23</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1113/jphysiol.2014.282962</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
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</record>
ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8194
Date: 2016-11-25

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rioxxterms:version_of_record'10.1378/chest.14-1992' is not a valid HTTP URI in rioxxterms:version_of_record
<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8194</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-11-25T19:03:40Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_5</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_664</setSpec>
  </header>
  <metadata>
    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-11-25">https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>The hypoxic ventilatory response (HVR) at sea level (SL) is moderately predictive of the&#13;
change in pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) to acute normobaric hypoxia. However, because of&#13;
progressive changes in the chemoreflex control of breathing and acid-base balance at high altitude (HA),&#13;
HVR at SL may not predict PASP at HA. We hypothesized that resting peripheral oxyhemoglobin&#13;
saturation (SpO2) at HA would correlate better than HVR at SL to PASP at HA. In 20 participants at SL,&#13;
we measured normobaric, isocapnic HVR (L/min·-%SpO2&#13;
-1) and resting PASP using echocardiography.&#13;
Both resting SpO2 and PASP measures were repeated on day 2 (n=10), days 4-8 (n=12), and 2-3 weeks&#13;
(n=8) after arrival at 5050m. These data were also collected at 5050m on life-long HA residents (Sherpa;&#13;
n=21). Compared to SL, SpO2 decreased from 98.6 to 80.5% (P&lt;0.001), while PASP increased from&#13;
21.7 to 34.0mmHg (P&lt;0.001) after 2-3 weeks at 5050m. Isocapnic HVR at SL was not related to SpO2&#13;
or PASP at any time point at 5050m (all P&gt;0.05). Sherpa had lower PASP (P&lt;0.01) than lowlanders on&#13;
days 4-8 despite similar SpO2. Upon correction for hematocrit, Sherpa PASP was not different from&#13;
lowlanders at SL, but lower than lowlanders at all HA time points. At 5050m, whilst SpO2 was not&#13;
related to PASP in lowlanders at any point (all R2=&lt;0.05; P&gt;0.50), there was a weak relationship in the&#13;
Sherpa (R2=0.16; P=0.07). We conclude that neither HVR at SL nor resting SpO2 at HA correlates with&#13;
elevations in PASP at HA.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8194/1/9.%20Stembridge.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>0012-3692</dc:source>
   <dc:title>Chemoreceptor responsiveness at sea level does not predict the pulmonary pressure response to high altitude</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2014-11-13</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Hoiland, Ryan</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Foster, Glen</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Donnelly, Joseph</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Stembridge, Mike</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Willie, Christopher</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Smith, Kurt J.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Lewis, Nia C. S.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Lucas, Samuel J.E.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Cotter, Jim D.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Yeoman, David J.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Thomas, Kate</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Day, Trevor A.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Tymko, Michael</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Burgess, Keith R.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Ainslie, Philip</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2015-07-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1378/chest.14-1992</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
</rioxx:rioxx>
  </metadata>
</record>
ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8195
Date: 2016-11-25

RIOXX

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PropertyError
rioxxterms:version_of_record'10.1113/jphysiol.2013.266593' is not a valid HTTP URI in rioxxterms:version_of_record
<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8195</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-11-25T19:03:50Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_5</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_664</setSpec>
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  <metadata>
    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-11-25">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>The incidence of blood flow through intracardiac shunt and intrapulmonary arteriovenous anastomoses (IPAVA) may differ between Sherpas permanently residing at high altitude (HA) and sea-level (SL) inhabitants as a result of evolutionary pressure to improve gas exchange and/or resting pulmonary haemodynamics. To test this hypothesis we compared sea-level inhabitants at SL (SL-SL; n = 17), during acute isocapnic hypoxia (SL-HX; n = 7) and following 3 weeks at 5050 m (SL-HA; n = 8 non-PFO subjects) to Sherpas at 5050 m (n = 14). inline image, heart rate, pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) and cardiac index (Qi) were measured during 5 min of room air breathing at SL and HA, during 20 min of isocapnic hypoxia (SL-HX; inline image = 47 mmHg) and during 5 min of hyperoxia (inline image = 1.0; Sherpas only). Intracardiac shunt and IPAVA blood flow was evaluated by agitated saline contrast echocardiography. Although PASP was similar between groups at HA (Sherpas: 30.0 ± 6.0 mmHg; SL-HA: 32.7 ± 4.2 mmHg; P = 0.27), it was greater than SL-SL (19.4 ± 2.1 mmHg; P &lt; 0.001). The proportion of subjects with intracardiac shunt was similar between groups (SL-SL: 41%; Sherpas: 50%). In the remaining subjects, IPAVA blood flow was found in 100% of subjects during acute isocapnic hypoxia at SL, but in only 4 of 7 Sherpas and 1 of 8 SL-HA subjects at rest. In conclusion, differences in resting pulmonary vascular regulation, intracardiac shunt and IPAVA blood flow do not appear to account for any adaptation to HA in Sherpas. Despite elevated pulmonary pressures and profound hypoxaemia, IPAVA blood flow in all subjects at HA was lower than expected compared to acute normobaric hypoxia.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8195/7/10.%20Stembridge.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Wiley</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>0022-3751</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>High altitude</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>pulmonary hypoxic vasoconstriction</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>shunt</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Resting pulmonary haemodynamics and shunting: a comparison of sea-level inhabitants to high altitude Sherpas</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2013-12-24</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Foster, Glen</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Ainslie, Philip</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Stembridge, Mike</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Day, Trevor A.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Bakker, Akke</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Lucas, Samuel J.E.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Lewis, Nia C. S.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Macleod, David B.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Lovering, Andrew T.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2014-03-15</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1113/jphysiol.2013.266593</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
</rioxx:rioxx>
  </metadata>
</record>
ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8196
Date: 2016-11-25

RIOXX

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rioxxterms:version_of_record'10.1113/EP085081' is not a valid HTTP URI in rioxxterms:version_of_record
<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8196</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-11-25T19:03:34Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_5</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_664</setSpec>
  </header>
  <metadata>
    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-11-25">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>New Findings&#13;
&#13;
•What is the central question of this study?&#13;
&#13;
Regulation of cardiac function is typically achieved by changes in heart rate (HR) and cardiac shortening velocity (strain rate; SR), but their interdependence in vivo remains poorly understood.&#13;
&#13;
&#13;
•What is the main finding and its importance?&#13;
&#13;
Using resistance exercise to increase heart rate and arterial resistance physiologically in humans and measuring regional cardiac SR (at the base and apex), we found that HR and SR were not strictly coupled because SR at the base and apex responded differently, despite the same HR. Importantly, our data show that the region-averaged ‘longitudinal’ SR, which is currently popular in the clinical setting, markedly underestimates the contribution of the apex.&#13;
&#13;
&#13;
&#13;
The fundamental importance of cardiac shortening and lengthening velocity (i.e. strain rate; SR) has been demonstrated in vitro. Currently, the interdependence between in vivo SR and HR is poorly understood because studies have typically assessed region-averaged ‘longitudinal’ strain rate, which is likely to underestimate the apical contribution, and have used non-physiological interventions that may also have been influenced by multicollinearity caused by concomitant reductions in arterial resistance. Resistance exercise acutely raises HR, blood pressure and arterial resistance and transiently disassociates these cardiovascular factors following exercise. Therefore, we measured SR, HR, blood pressure and arterial resistance in nine healthy men (aged 20 ± 1 years) immediately before, during and after double-leg-press exercise at 30 and 60% of maximal strength. Resistance exercise caused a disproportionate SR response at the left ventricular base and apex (interaction effect, P &lt; 0.05). Consequently, associations between HR and regional peak SR were inconsistent and mostly very weak (r2 = 0.0004–0.24). Likewise, the areas under the curve for systolic and diastolic SR and their relationship with systolic and diastolic duration were variable and weak. Importantly, region-averaged ‘longitudinal’ SR was identical to basal SR, thus, markedly underestimating the apical contribution. In conclusion, in vivo HR and SR are not strictly coupled in healthy humans, which is explained by the region-specific responses of SR that are not captured by ‘longitudinal SR’. This novel observation emphasizes the independent role of in vivo SR in overall cardiac function during stress and may cause a ‘revival’ of SR as a marker of regional left ventricular (dys)function.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8196/3/11.%20Stohr.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Wiley</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>0958-0670</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>Strain rate</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>heart rate</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>exercise</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>In vivo human cardiac shortening and lengthening velocity is region-dependent and not coupled with heart rate</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2015-03-04</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Stöhr, Eric J.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Stembridge, Mike</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Esformes, Joseph I.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2015-05-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1113/EP085081</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
</rioxx:rioxx>
  </metadata>
</record>
ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8120
Date: 2016-12-12

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RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
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<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8120</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-12-12T14:46:16Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_5</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_664</setSpec>
  </header>
  <metadata>
    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-10-20">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>The purpose of this study was to examine the natural development of the mechanical features of sprint performance in relation to maturation within a large cohort of boys. Three hundred and thirty-six boys (11–15 years) were analyzed for sprint performance and maturation. Maximal speed, stride length (SL), stride frequency (SF), flight time (FT) and contact time (CT) were assessed during a 30m sprint. Five maturation groups (G1–5) were established based on age from peak height velocity (PHV) where G1=&gt;2.5years pre-PHV, G2 = 2.49–1.5years pre-PHV, G3 = 1.49–0.5years pre-PHV, G4 = 0.49years pre- to 0.5years post-PHV and G5 = 0.51–1.5years post-PHV. There was no difference in maximal speed between G1, G2 and G3 but those in G4 and G5 were significantly faster (p &lt; .05) than G1–3. Significant increases (p &lt; .05) in SL were observed between groups with advancing maturation, except G4 and G5 (p &gt; .05). SF decreased while CT increased (both p &lt; .05) between G1, G2 and G3, but no further significant changes (p &gt; .05) were observed for either variable between G3, G4 and G5. While G1–3 increased their SL, concomitant decreases in SF and increases in CT prevented them from improving maximal speed. Maximal sprint speed appears to develop around and post-PHV as SF and CT begin to stabilize, with increases in maximal sprint speed in maturing boys being underpinned by increasing SL.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8120/6/Maximal%20Sprint%20Speed%20in%20Boys%20of%20Increasing%20Maturity-Meyers.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Human Kinetics</dc:publisher>
   <dc:subject>boys</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>speed</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>stride length</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>stride frequency</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>contact time</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>maturation</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Maximal sprint speed in boys of increasing maturity</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2014-03-25</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Meyers, Rob</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Oliver, Jon</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Hughes, Michael G.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Cronin, John B.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Lloyd, Rhodri S.</rioxxterms:author>
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   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1123/pes.2013-0096</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8193
Date: 2016-11-25

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   <dc:description>The Caster Semenya debacle touched off by the 2009 Berlin World Athletics Championships resulted finally in IOC and IAAF abandonment of sex testing, which gave way to procedures that make female competition eligibility dependent upon the level of serum testosterone, which must be below the male range or instrumentally countered by androgen resistance. We argue that the new policy is unsustainable because (i) the testosterone-performance connection it posits is uncompelling; (ii) testosterone-induced female advantage is not ipso facto unfair advantage; (iii) the new policy reflects the gender policing impulses endemic to sport as well as the broader cultural impulses to monstrify women and to doctor women who have nothing wrong with them; (iv) female–male performance disparities are not the only reason for sex-segregated sport, but co-exist with respectable cultural and practical reasons, which (v) provide a powerful case for allowing athletes to compete in the sex category congruent with their gender identity.</dc:description>
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   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8193/1/25.%20Edwards.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Taylor and Francis</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>1751-1321</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>sex categorisation</dc:subject>
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   <dc:subject>Fairness</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>The new IOC and IAAF policies on female eligibility: old Emperor, new clothes?</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2014-02-26</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Davis, Paul</rioxxterms:author>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8223
Date: 2016-11-30

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   <dc:description>The Football Association (FA) has been under pressure to allow girls to play in mixed teams since 1978, following 12-year old Theresa Bennett’s application to play with boys in a local league. In 1991, over a decade after Bennett’s legal challenge, the FA agreed to remove its ban on mixed football and introduced Rule C4 in order to permit males and females to play together in competitive matches under the age of 11. More recently, following a campaign by parents, coaches, local Members of Parliament and the Women’s Sport Foundation, the FA agreed to trial mixed football for the under-12 to under-15 age categories in order to establish, among other things, the risk of injury to players in sex-integrated competitions. A series of exponential changes ensued: between 2010 and 2014, the age at which mixed football was permitted increased from U11 to U16. In 2015, the FA announced the decision to raise the age limit on mixed football from U16 to U18 for the forthcoming 2015–2016 season. We critically examine the reasons given by the FA for enforcing segregated participation beyond the age of 18, namely that males have an unfair advantage and that females face an unacceptable risk of injury. We also discuss the argument that removing the ban might harm the women’s game. In conclusion, we suggest that the FA ought to abandon the ban on mixed football over the age of 18.</dc:description>
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   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8223/3/Challenging%20sex%20segregation%20-%20philosophical%20evaluation%20mixed%20football.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Taylor and Francis</dc:publisher>
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   <dc:subject>sex segregation</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Challenging sex segregation: A philosophical evaluation of the football association’s rules on mixed football</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2015-12-01</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Edwards, Lisa</rioxxterms:author>
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   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1080/17511321.2015.1127995</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8312
Date: 2017-01-20

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   <dc:description>My aim in this article is to contribute to the discussion about how teachers and coaches come to act in appropriate ways given the complex nature of both practices. I focus on two specific dispositions or qualities from the philosophical literature, namely the virtue of care and the Aristotelian concept of phronesis (or practical wisdom), which have been put forward as possible explanations. I argue that care and phronesis are fundamental qualities for both good teachers and coaches. Talk of care and phronesis in the literature is welcome, but these concepts are themselves complex. Care and phronesis, like other virtues are context-specific, difficult to acquire (or teach) and their particular expression depends on a host of complex factors, not least one's character and personal and professional experience. I illustrate my argument with reference to a former professional football player who exhibited symptoms of personality disorder from an early age and who presented challenges to his teachers and coaches through his disruptive behaviour.</dc:description>
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   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8312/3/32.%20Jones.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Taylor and Francis</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>1357-3322</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>Care</dc:subject>
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   <dc:subject>Virtue</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Personality disorder</dc:subject>
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   <dc:subject>Coaching</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Care and phronesis in teaching and coaching: dealing with personality disorder</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2015-01-30</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Jones, Carwyn</rioxxterms:author>
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   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1080/13573322.2015.1015976</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8310
Date: 2017-01-20

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   <dc:description>D’Angelo and Tamburrini invited readers to consider doping in sport as a health issue and dopers as potential addicts who need therapy rather than offenders who need punishing. The issue of addiction in sport is important and very much under researched. In this essay I explore the extent to which addiction can be justifiably used as an excuse for offending behaviour. The favoured argument is that addicts experience a craving or compulsion to use over which they have no control. I argue that there is insufficient evidence that addicts experience such compulsion. Although it seems science is unravelling some of the mysteries of addiction, it has not provided sufficient evidence that addictive consumption amounts to compulsive use. Nevertheless, it is clear that addicts do have difficulty with controlling their use and such difficulties ought to be considered in any judgements about moral responsibility. This does not mean that rules or laws including anti-doping legislation should be altered because not all those who fall foul are addicted. Moreover, accepting responsibility and punishment for the consequences of their actions (including anti-doping rules) is an important part of therapy for addicts.</dc:description>
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   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Taylor and Francis</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>0094-8705</dc:source>
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   <dc:subject>compulsion</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>doping</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Doping as addiction: disorder and moral responsibility</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2014-10-13</dcterms:dateAccepted>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8309
Date: 2017-01-20

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    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8309</identifier>
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   <dc:description>What little we know about alcoholism amongst professional footballers comes largely from the media (often tabloid newspapers) and published autobiographies and biographies of high profile stars. The coverage often focuses on deviant behaviour when drunk, such as driving under the influence, marital infidelity, violence, and breaking team rules. There is little or no published research which seeks to understand better what it is like to suffer from alcoholism from the perspective of the player-addicts themselves. In this paper I present a case study of British footballer who had a brief professional career and is in recovery from alcoholism. His subjective experience of alcoholism provides valuable insights into the underlying triggers and/or causes of the illness; its destructive nature; the link between the individual’s addiction and his social circumstances (including football); and his recovery.</dc:description>
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   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8309/3/34.%20Jones.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Sage journals</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>1012-6902</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>addiction</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>alcoholism</dc:subject>
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   <dc:subject>recovery</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Alcoholism and recovery: A case study of a former professional footballer</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2013-11-16</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Jones, Carwyn</rioxxterms:author>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8224
Date: 2016-11-30

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   <dc:description>Prior to the subtraction of Section 28 from the 1988 Local Government Act in 2003, a substantial amount of research was published that specifically examined the experiences of lesbian physical education (PE) teachers. This article contributes to the existing academic literature by exploring the lives of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transsexual teachers working in a post-Section 28 school environment. Drawing on life history interviews of two lesbian PE teachers, we offer insights into how the abolition of Section 28 has affected their lives. Comparable to previous studies, both women reported feeling fearful of the consequences of identifying as lesbian and employed various strategies in order to maintain a divide between their public and private lives so as to conceal their sexual identities from colleagues, pupils and parents. However, in contrast to much of the previous literature, we found that the teachers in this study also identified with narratives of resistance. Despite being fearful of coming out at work, they nevertheless remained committed to coming out when the context is appropriate, to challenging the heteronormative symbolic order configured around the heterosexual/homosexual binary and to more proactively promoting sexual diversity and tolerance in schools.</dc:description>
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   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8224/3/We%20are%20getting%20there%20slowly%20-%20Lesbian%20teacher%20identities%20in%20the%20post%20section%2028.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Taylor and Francis</dc:publisher>
   <dc:subject>Sexuality</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Section 28</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Schools</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Physical education</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Homophobia</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Heteronormativity</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Panoptic schema</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>‘We are getting there slowly’: lesbian teacher experiences in the post-Section 28 environment</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2014-01-23</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Edwards, Lisa</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Brown, David, H. K.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Smith, Lauren</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2014-08-05</rioxxterms:publication_date>
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   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1080/13573322.2014.935317</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8108
Date: 2016-12-20

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    <datestamp>2016-12-20T16:19:33Z</datestamp>
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    <setSpec>col_10369_664</setSpec>
  </header>
  <metadata>
    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-10-17">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>The purpose of the study was to conduct an in-depth examination of the stress and emotion process experienced by three sub-elite level male cricketers over a series of five competitive performances. Using reflective diaries and follow up semi-structured interviews, the findings highlighted the impact of appraisal, coping, and emotion on performance, with perceptions of control and self-confidence emerging as variables that can influence the emotive and behavioral outcomes of a stressful transaction. Post-performance, guided athlete reflection was advanced as a valuable tool in the production and application of idiographic coping behaviors that could enhance perceptions of control and self-confidence and influence stress and emotion processes.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8108/3/50.%20Neil%20%28in%20press%29.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Human Kinetics</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>0888-4781</dc:source>
   <dc:source>1543-2793</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>stressor</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>appraisal</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>coping</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>emotion</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>performance</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>The experience of competition stress and emotions within cricket</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2015-02-20</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Neil, Rich</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Bowles, Harry</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Fleming, Scott</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Hanton, Sheldon</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-03-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/tsp.2014-0077</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
</rioxx:rioxx>
  </metadata>
</record>
ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8201
Date: 2016-12-13

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is a valid RIOXX record

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8201</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-12-13T10:26:44Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_5</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_664</setSpec>
  </header>
  <metadata>
    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-11-28">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>Relative age influences participation in professional tennis. The purpose of the current investigation was to compare the %net points played between players born in the first 6 months of the calendar year (H1 players) and players born in the second 6 months (H2 players). There were 116 players included in the current investigation because net statistics were provided for at least 6 of their matches in the 2011 to 2013 US Opens and the 2012 to 2014 Australian Opens. Players were also classified by generation; born before 1st January 1985 or after due to the introduction of surface grading in 2002. The %net points for male players was significantly influenced by generation (p = 0.041) and the interaction of generation and half year of birth (p = 0.040). The 17 H1 male players born in 1985 or later played 12.1±2.5% net points compared with 10.4±2.8% for the 16 H2 male players born in 1985 or later. The H1 players may have developed a greater tendency to go to the net as junior players with a relative age advantage. These players have continued to play more net points as seniors even though they no longer have a relative age advantage.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8201/1/72.%20POD.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Cardiff Metropolitan University</dc:publisher>
   <dc:subject>net strategy</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>reliability</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>stabilisation</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>surface grading</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Relative age effect on elite tennis strategy for players born before and after 1st January 1985</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2014-06-01</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">O'Donoghue, Peter</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2014-08-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
</rioxx:rioxx>
  </metadata>
</record>
ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8263
Date: 2016-12-15

RIOXX

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PropertyError
rioxxterms:version_of_record'10.1111/sms.12759' is not a valid HTTP URI in rioxxterms:version_of_record
<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8263</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-12-15T19:01:07Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_5</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_664</setSpec>
  </header>
  <metadata>
    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read ali:start_date="2017-09-27"/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-12-15">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>The aim of this study was to empirically examine the interaction of athlete-specific kinematic kinetic and strength asymmetry in sprint running. Bilateral ground reaction force and kinematic data were collected during maximal velocity (mean = 9.05 m∙s-1) sprinting for eight athletes. Bilateral ground reaction force data were also collected whilst the same athletes performing maximal effort squat jumps. Using novel composite asymmetry scores, interactions between kinematic and kinetic asymmetry were compared for the group of sprinters. Asymmetry was greater for kinematic variables than step characteristics, with largest respective values of 6.68% and 1.68%. Kinetic variables contained the largest asymmetry values, peaking at &gt;90%. Asymmetry was present in all kinematic and kinetic variables analysed during sprint trials. However, individual athlete asymmetry profiles were reported for sprint and jump trials. Athletes’ sprint performance was not related to their overall asymmetry. Positive relationships were found between asymmetry in ankle work during sprint running and peak vertical force (r = 0.895) and power (r = 0.761) during jump trials, suggesting that the ankle joint may be key in regulating asymmetry in sprinting and the individual nature of asymmetry. The individual athlete asymmetry profiles and lack of relationship between asymmetry of limb strength and sprint performance suggest that athletes are not ‘limb dominant’ and that strength imbalances are joint and task specific. Compensatory kinetic mechanisms may serve to reduce the effects of strength or biological asymmetry on the performance outcome of step velocity.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8263/3/ength%20and%20performance%20asymmetry%20during%20maximal%20velocity%20sprint%20running.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Wiley</dc:publisher>
   <dc:subject>gait, sprinting, symmetry angle, strength asymmetry</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Strength and Performance Asymmetry During Maximal Velocity Sprint Running</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-08-10</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Exell, Timothy A.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Irwin, Gareth</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Gittoes, Marianne J.R.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Kerwin, David G.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-09-27</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1111/sms.12759</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100000266">EP/D076943</rioxxterms:project>
</rioxx:rioxx>
  </metadata>
</record>
ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8043
Date: 2016-09-22

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is a valid RIOXX record

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RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8043</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-09-22T19:01:50Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_7</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_865</setSpec>
  </header>
  <metadata>
    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-08-01">http://rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved/</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>Introduction: Due to weakened immune function, listeriosis is particularly associated with ‘at-risk’ consumers, predominantly affecting pregnant-women, older-adults (aged ≥ 60 years) and people receiving chemotherapy. Sporadic incidence of listeriosis is frequently related to refrigerated ready-to-eat (RTE) food products stored/consumed in the domestic kitchen. Consequently, ‘at-risk’ consumers should implement safe food handling/storage practices, including time and temperature control of RTE-foods to reduce the risks associated with L. monocytogenes. Changes in UK epidemiology data indicate reduced pregnancy associated-cases and increased older-adult and chemotherapy associated-cases.&#13;
&#13;
Purpose: Determination and comparison of these ‘at-risk’ consumers’ food-safety reported behaviours and related cognitions may identify listeriosis risk factors and inform the development of targeted food-safety information. Such data is currently lacking in the UK.&#13;
&#13;
Methods: Quantitative survey methods (online/paper-based) ascertained food-safety knowledge, self-reported practices and attitudes towards domestic food handling/storage. The study involved pregnant/post-partum (≤12 months) women (n=40), older-adults (≥60 years) (n=100) and chemotherapy-patients/family-caregivers (n=172).&#13;
&#13;
Results: Awareness of recommended refrigeration temperatures were significantly more widespread(p&lt;0.01)among chemotherapy-patients/family-caregivers (57%) than pregnant-women (25%) and older-adults (13%); attitudes towards recommended refrigeration temperatures were significantly more negative among older-adults (p&lt;0.001). However, self-reported refrigeration practices were not significantly different (p&gt;0.05), with the majority (58-65%) reporting temperatures would ‘never’ be checked. Older-adults were significantly less knowledgeable of ‘use-by’ dates, had more negative attitudes (p&lt;0.001) towards ‘use-by’ dates and were more likely to report consumption of foods beyond the ‘use-by’ date (p&lt;0.005). Although older-adults’ attitudes were significantly more negative towards consuming RTE foods within two days of opening, no significant differences in knowledge and self-reported practices were determined, with majority of all ‘at-risk’ consumers (82-89%) reporting consumption beyond recommendations. Failing to adhere to recommended food storage practices may increase the risks associated with listeriosis among these ‘at-risk’ consumers.&#13;
&#13;
Significance: Significant differences in knowledge, attitudes and self-reported practices between ‘at-risk’ consumers may indicate why reduced pregnancy associated-cases and increased older-adult and chemotherapy associated-cases are reported in the UK. Study findings may be utilised for the development of targeted food-safety education to reduce risks of listeriosis.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8043/1/Comparison%20of%20Listeriosis%20Risk%20Factors%20Among%20Three%20%e2%80%98At-Risk%e2%80%99%20Consumer%20Groups.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>International Association for Food Protection</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>0362-028X</dc:source>
   <dc:title>Comparison of listeriosis risk factors among three ‘at-risk’ consumer groups: pregnant women, older adults and chemotherapy patients</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-03-21</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Evans, Ellen W.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Redmond, Elizabeth</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-08-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Other</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AO</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
</rioxx:rioxx>
  </metadata>
</record>
ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8211
Date: 2016-11-29

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
This is a valid RIOXX record

RCUK-RIOXX

RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
This is a valid RCUK-RIOXX record
<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8211</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-11-29T19:03:46Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_7</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_865</setSpec>
  </header>
  <metadata>
    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-11-29">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>Introduction: Listeriosis is associated with the highest hospitalization and mortality rates of foodborne illnesses; listeriosis incidence has doubled in recent years in Europe. Consumer recommendations to reduce listeriosis risk factors include following ‘use-by’ dates on unopened ready-to-eat (RTE) food products, avoiding prolonged storage of opened RTE foods and ensuring safe refrigeration temperatures. Currently, data detailing consumer cognition and behaviour associated with listeriosis risk factors are lacking.&#13;
&#13;
Purpose: This study aimed to review consumer food safety studies to consolidate and cumulatively determine consumer cognitive and behavioural risk factors that may be associated with listeriosis in the home.&#13;
&#13;
Methods: Consumer food safety research data (n=200) were reviewed and analysed using a content analysis approach. Findings were summarized according to assessment of knowledge, attitudes, self-reported practices, and/or actual behaviours of listeriosis risk factors.&#13;
&#13;
Results: Overall, only 43% of studies assessed consumer cognitive or behavioural data associated with listeriosis risk factors; 27% assessed refrigeration practices, 23% determined storage length of opened RTE foods and 21% ascertain adherence of ‘use-by’ dates. Majority (71%) of studies utilized survey based data collection methods (questionnaires/interviews), consequently, the majority of findings were based on self-report (78%) and knowledge (59%). Observation (21%) and focus groups (8%) were less commonly used. Consequently findings of this study indicate that actual behaviours and attitudinal data relating to listeriosis risk factors are lacking. Although findings suggest consumers may deviate from recommended practices, a lack of observational data suggests a need to determine the actual behaviours of consumers in domestic kitchens in relation to listeriosis risk factors.&#13;
&#13;
Significance: This review reveals a need for in-depth research to determine food safety attitudes and actual behaviours of consumers in conjunction with self-reported practices and knowledge of listeriosis risk factors. Such data combined with review findings would inform development of targeted food safety education to reduce risks associated with listeriosis in the home.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8211/1/Listeriosis%20review%20poster%2003_05_2016.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>International Association for Food Protection,</dc:publisher>
   <dc:title>A review of consumer food safety research to identify domestic risk factors associated with listeriosis</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-03-01</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Evans, Ellen W.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Redmond, Elizabeth</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-05-12</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Other</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
</rioxx:rioxx>
  </metadata>
</record>
ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8042
Date: 2016-12-12

RIOXX

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RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
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<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8042</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-12-12T19:01:32Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_7</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_865</setSpec>
  </header>
  <metadata>
    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read ali:start_date="2100-01-01"/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-07-24">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/under-embargo-all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>Increased consumer demand for convenience and ready-to-eat (RTE) food, along with changes to consumer food purchase and storage practices have resulted in an increased reliance on refrigeration to maximize food safety. Previous research suggests that many domestic refrigerators operate at temperatures exceeding recommendations, however several studies are determined by means of one temperature data point, which, given temperature fluctuation, may not be a true indicator of actual continual operating temperature. Data detailing actual operating temperature and the impact of consumer practice on temperature are limited. This study has collated the time-temperature profiles of domestic refrigerators in consumer kitchens (n=43) over 6.5 days with concurrent self-report refrigerator usage. Overall, findings established a significant difference (p&lt;0.05) between one-off temperature and mean operating temperature. No refrigerator operated at ≤5.0°C for the entire duration of the study. Mean temperatures exceeding 5.0°C were recorded in the majority (91%) of refrigerators. No significant associations or differences were determined between temperature profiles and demographics including household size and refrigerator characteristics (age, type, loading and location). A positive correlation (p&lt;0.05) between room temperature and refrigerator temperature was determined. Reported door opening frequency correlated with temperature fluctuation (p&lt;0.05). Thermometer usage was determined to be infrequent. Cumulatively, research findings have established that the majority of domestic refrigerators in consumer homes operated at potentially unsafe temperatures influenced by consumer usage. Findings from this study may be utilized to inform the development of shelf-life testing based on realistic domestic storage conditions. Furthermore, data can inform development of future educational interventions to increase safe domestic refrigeration practices.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8042/2/Time-temperature%20profiling%20of%20UK%20consumers%20domestic%20refrigerators.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>International Association for Food Protection</dc:publisher>
   <dc:title>Time-temperature profiling of UK consumers’ domestic refrigerators</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-07-24</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Evans, Ellen W.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Redmond, Elizabeth</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-01-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
</rioxx:rioxx>
  </metadata>
</record>
ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8082
Date: 2016-10-10

RIOXX

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RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
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rioxxterms:version_of_record'10.1038/ijo.2016.123' is not a valid HTTP URI in rioxxterms:version_of_record
<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8082</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-10-10T10:49:29Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_5</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_664</setSpec>
  </header>
  <metadata>
    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-10-03">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/under-embargo-all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>AIMS:&#13;
 &#13;
Supervised exercise reduces liver fat and improves endothelial function, a surrogate of cardiovascular disease risk, in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We hypothesised that after a 16-week supervised exercise program, patients would maintain longer-term improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness, liver fat and endothelial function.&#13;
&#13;
&#13;
MATHERIALS AND METHODS:&#13;
 &#13;
Ten NAFLD patients [5/5 males/females, age 51±13years, BMI 31±3 kg.m2 (mean±s.d.)] underwent a 16-week supervised moderate-intensity exercise intervention. Biochemical markers, cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2peak), subcutaneous, visceral and liver fat (measured by magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy respectively) and brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) were assessed at baseline, after 16 weeks supervised training and 12-months after ending supervision.&#13;
&#13;
&#13;
RESULTS:&#13;
 &#13;
Despite no significant change in body weight, there were significant improvements in VO2peak [6.5 ml.kg−1.min−1 (95% CI 2.8, 10.1); P=0.003], FMD [2.9% (1.5, 4.2); P=0.001], liver transaminases (P&lt;0.05) and liver fat [−10.1% (−20.6, 0.5); P=0.048] immediately after the 16-weeks supervised training. Nevertheless, 12-months after ending supervision, VO2peak [0.9 ml.kg−1.min−1 (−3.3 5.1); P=0.65], FMD [−0.07% (−2.3, 2.2); P=0.95], liver transaminases (P&gt;0.05) and liver fat [1.4% (−13.0, 15.9); P=0.83] were not significantly different from baseline.&#13;
&#13;
&#13;
CONCLUSIONS:&#13;
 &#13;
Twelve months following cessation of supervision, exercise-mediated improvements in liver fat and other cardiometabolic variables had reversed with cardiorespiratory fitness at baseline levels. Maintenance of high cardiorespiratory fitness and stability of body weight are critical public health considerations for the treatment of NAFLD.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8082/3/Exercise-induced%20improvements%20in%20liver%20fat%20and%20endothelial%20function-Pugh%20C%20.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Nature Publishing Group</dc:publisher>
   <dc:title>Exercise-induced improvements in liver fat and endothelial function are not sustained 12 months following cessation of exercise supervision in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-06-25</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Pugh, Christopher J. A.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Sprung, Victoria</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Jones, Helen</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Richardson, Paul</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Shojaee-Morade, Faribra</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Umpleby, A. Margot</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Green, Daniel J.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Cable, N. Timothy</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Trennel, Michael I.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Kemp, Graham J.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Cuthbertson, Daniel J.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-07-21</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1038/ijo.2016.123</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8099
Date: 2016-10-10

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<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8099</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-10-10T08:12:20Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_7</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_866</setSpec>
  </header>
  <metadata>
    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-10-06">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>This is the first study to measure the ‘sense of community’ reportedly offered by the CrossFit gym model. A cross-sectional study adapted Social Capital and General Belongingness scales to compare perceptions of a CrossFit gym and a traditional gym. CrossFit gym members reported significantly higher levels of social capital (both bridging and bonding) and community belongingness compared with traditional gym members. However, regression analysis showed neither social capital, community belongingness, nor gym type was an independent predictor of gym attendance. Exercise and health professionals may benefit from evaluating further the ‘sense of community’ offered by gym-based exercise programmes.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8099/3/Community%20belongingness%20social%20capital%20and%20exercise%20adherence%20JHP%20%28DC2%29s.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Sage</dc:publisher>
   <dc:subject>community health psychology</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>exercise behaviour</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>physical activity</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>social capital</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>social support</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>The role of social capital and community belongingness for exercise adherence: An exploratory study of the CrossFit gym model</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-07-12</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Whiteman-Sandland, Jessica</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Hawkins, Jemma</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Clayton, Debbie</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-08-23</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1177/1359105316664132</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8121
Date: 2016-12-01

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    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8121</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-12-01T20:41:11Z</datestamp>
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    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-10-20">https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>Arterial wall mechanics likely play an integral role in arterial responses to acute physiological stress. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the impact of low and moderate intensity double-leg press exercise on common carotid artery (CCA) wall mechanics using 2D vascular strain imaging. Short-axis CCA ultrasound images were collected in 15 healthy men (age: 21 ± 3 years; stature: 176.5 ± 6.2 cm; body mass; 80.6 ± 15.3 kg) before, during, and immediately after short-duration isometric double-leg press exercise at 30% and 60% of participants’ one-repetition maximum (1RM: 317 ± 72 kg). Images were analyzed for peak circumferential strain (PCS), peak systolic and diastolic strain rate (S-SR and D-SR) and arterial diameter. Heart rate (HR), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) were simultaneously assessed and arterial stiffness indices were calculated post hoc. A two-way repeated measures ANOVA revealed that during isometric contraction, PCS and S-SR decreased significantly (P &lt; 0.01) before increasing significantly above resting levels post-exercise (P &lt; 0.05 and P &lt; 0.01 respectively). Conversely, D-SR was unaltered throughout the protocol (P = 0.25). No significant differences were observed between the 30% and 60% 1RM trials. Multiple regression analysis highlighted that HR, BP and arterial diameter did not fully explain the total variance in PCS, S-SR and D-SR. Acute double-leg press exercise is therefore associated with similar transient changes in CCA wall mechanics at low and moderate intensities. CCA wall mechanics likely provide additional insight into localized intrinsic vascular wall properties beyond current measures of arterial stiffness.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8121/3/The%20Effect%20of%20an%20Acute%20bout%20of%20Resistance%20Exercise%20on%20Carotid%20Strain%20and%20Strain%20Rate.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Wiley</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>2051-817X</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>Circumferential Strain, Strain Rate, Arterial Stiffness, Hemodynamics.</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>The effect of an acute bout of resistance exercise on carotid artery strain and strain rate</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-08-06</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Black, Jane M.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-08-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.14814/phy2.12959</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8125
Date: 2017-01-27

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    <datestamp>2017-01-27T12:58:09Z</datestamp>
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   <dc:description>Objectives - &#13;
Basic military training is physically and psychologically demanding placing recruits at high risk of injury and premature discharge. This study aimed to identify risk factors for lower leg, ankle and foot injury in Maltese military recruits during basic training.&#13;
&#13;
Design - &#13;
This was a prospective cohort study.&#13;
&#13;
Setting - &#13;
An armed forces barracks.&#13;
&#13;
Participants - &#13;
127 recruits commencing one basic military training course agreed to participate in the study. The cohort comprised 114 males and 13 females with a mean age of 21.7 ± 2.4 years.&#13;
&#13;
Main outcome measures -&#13;
All injuries to the lower leg, ankle and foot were recorded using the Orchard Sports Injury Classification System. Injuries were analysed for associations with fitness scores, smoking status, body mass index and foot type.&#13;
&#13;
Results - &#13;
A total of 34 (26.2%) recruits sustained at least one injury, with 10 recruits (7.9%) terminating their training prematurely (three due to musculoskeletal injury). Smoking history, body mass index and foot type were not associated with injury risk. Lower fitness levels at the commencement of basic military training compared with fitness levels measured six months prior, were associated with higher injury risk.&#13;
&#13;
Conclusions - &#13;
Lower fitness at the commencement of basic training was associated with higher injury risk in army recruits. Thus, conditioning programmes aimed at improving recruit fitness should be considered within an injury prevention strategy.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8125/1/Psaila%20Ranson%202016%20Injury%20Risk%20Factors%20Armed%20Forces%20PTiS.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>1466-853X</dc:source>
   <dc:title>Risk factors for lower leg, ankle and foot injuries during basic military training in the Maltese Armed Forces</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-09-05</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Psaila, Mathew</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Ranson, Craig</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-01-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1016/j.ptsp.2016.09.004</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8107
Date: 2016-10-14

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  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8107</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-10-14T19:03:16Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_5</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_664</setSpec>
  </header>
  <metadata>
    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2015-01-01">https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>Background:&#13;
Within international Rugby Union, only injury rates during the Rugby World Cup have been reported. Therefore, injury rates and types during other international tournaments are unknown.&#13;
Purpose:&#13;
To assess the 3-year incidence, severity, nature, and causes of match and training injuries sustained during different international tournaments played by the Welsh national Rugby Union team.&#13;
Study Design:&#13;
Descriptive epidemiology study.&#13;
Methods:&#13;
Injury data for all players (n = 78) selected for 1 national Rugby Union team over a 3-year period were analyzed using the international consensus statement methods. Player height (cm) and mass (kg) were recorded. Tournaments were grouped for comparisons as: autumn tournaments (2012 and 2013), Rugby World Cup (RWC; 2011), Six Nations (2012, 2013, and 2014), and summer tournaments (2012, 2013, and 2014). Injury incidence (injuries/1000 hours), prevalence (% of players unavailable), and severity (days lost) were calculated for each tournament. Injury location, type, and cause of match and training injuries were analyzed.&#13;
Results:&#13;
Match injury incidence was highest during autumn tournaments (262.5/1000 match-hours) and lowest during the RWC (178.6/1000 match-hours). Summer tournaments had the highest training incidence (5.5 injuries/1000 training-hours). Mild injuries were most likely during the RWC (risk ratio [RR], 2.02; 95% CI, 1.26-3.24), while severe injuries were most likely during autumn tournaments (RR, 3.27; 95% CI, 1.70-6.29). Quadriceps hematomas (18.8/1000 match-hours; 95% CI, 11.3-31.1) and concussions (13.8/1000 match-hours; 95% CI, 7.6-24.8) were the most common match injuries, with shoulder dislocations being the most severe (111 mean days lost per injury).&#13;
Conclusion:&#13;
Injury rates were considerably higher than those previously reported for multiple teams during RWC tournaments. Further investigation of injury rates and risk factors is recommended to accurately gauge their impact within international Rugby Union, particularly with regard to lower limb hematoma, concussion, and shoulder injuries.</dc:description>
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   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8107/1/Moore%202015%20OJSM%20final%20version.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Sage</dc:publisher>
   <dc:subject>injury epidemiology, rugby, concussion, hematoma</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Injury risk in international Rugby Union: Three-year injury surveillance of the Welsh national team</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2015-01-01</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Moore, Isabel</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Ranson, Craig</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Mathema, Prabhat</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2015-07-28</rioxxterms:publication_date>
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   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1177/2325967115596194</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8119
Date: 2016-10-20

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    <datestamp>2016-10-20T19:03:23Z</datestamp>
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   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-10-20">https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>Abstract Running economy (RE) has a strong relationship with running performance, and modifiable running biomechanics are a determining factor of RE. The purposes of this review were to (1) examine the intrinsic and extrinsic modifiable biomechanical factors affecting RE; (2) assess training-induced changes in RE and running biomechanics; (3) evaluate whether an economical running technique can be recommended and; (4) discuss potential areas for future research. Based on current evidence, the&#13;
intrinsic factors that appeared beneficial for RE were using a preferred stride length range, which allows for stride length deviations up to 3 % shorter than preferred stride length; lower vertical oscillation; greater leg stiffness; low lower limb moment of inertia; less leg extension at toe-off; larger stride angles; alignment of the ground reaction force and leg axis during propulsion; maintaining arm swing; low thigh antagonist–agonist muscular coactivation; and low activation of lower limb muscles during propulsion. Extrinsic factors associated with a better RE were a firm, compliant shoe–surface interaction and being barefoot or wearing lightweight shoes. Several other modifiable biomechanical factors presented inconsistent relationships with RE. Running biomechanics during ground contact appeared to play an important role, specifically those during propulsion. Therefore, this phase has the strongest&#13;
direct links with RE. Recurring methodological problems exist within the literature, such as cross-comparisons, assessing variables in isolation, and acute to short-term interventions. Therefore, recommending a general economical running technique should be approached with caution. Future work should focus on interdisciplinary longitudinal investigations combining RE, kinematics,&#13;
kinetics, and neuromuscular and anatomical aspects, as well as applying a synergistic approach to understanding the role of kinetics.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8119/1/Moore%202016%20Review%20of%20biomechanical%20factors%20affecting%20running%20economy.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Springer Verlag</dc:publisher>
   <dc:title>Is there an economical running technique? A review of modifiable biomechanical factors affecting running economy</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2015-01-01</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Moore, Isabel</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-01-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
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   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1007/s40279-016-0474-4</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8128
Date: 2016-11-07

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    <datestamp>2016-11-07T15:56:06Z</datestamp>
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   <dc:description>This paper presents research that is developing new ways of supporting the wellbeing of people with late stage dementia through the development of playful objects. The LAUGH project is an international AHRC funded design research project that is using qualitative and participatory approaches to inform innovative concepts for new playful artefacts to stimulate fun, joy and in the moment pleasure for people living with dementia. The research is partnered by Gwalia Cyf and supported by Age Cymru and Alzheimer’s Society, including people living with dementia from their Service User Review Panels (SURP).&#13;
&#13;
Data presented is informed by three pre-design development workshops in which a multidisciplinary group of experts in the fields of dementia care and design have contributed their professional experience. This paper specifically focuses on data from the third of these workshops exploring procedural memory in relation to hand-use and craft making.&#13;
&#13;
This paper contends that hand-use, gesture and haptic sensibilities can provide access to procedural and emotional memories, which are retained even into the late stages of the disease. Craft and making activities learned in earlier life, provide rhythmic patterns of hand activity that can enhance wellbeing by supporting in the moment sensory experience, competency and reaffirmation of personhood. Playful activities provide a person with dementia freedom to explore, learn and have positive experiences even when cognitive function and memory recall is severely impaired. &#13;
&#13;
Future planned workshops will see the iterative development of prototype designs and their evaluation in ‘live labs’ with people living with late stage dementia.</dc:description>
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   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8128/2/Wellbeing2016-book%20of%20proceedings%20-%20extract%201.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Birmingham City University</dc:publisher>
   <dc:subject>Dementia, wellbeing, design, procedural memory, hand-use</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Designing for wellbeing in late stage dementia</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-05-04</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Treadaway, Cathy</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Fennell, Jac</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Kenning, Gail</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Prytherch, David</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Walters, Andy</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-09-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8130
Date: 2016-10-31

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    <datestamp>2016-10-31T19:01:19Z</datestamp>
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   <ali:free_to_read/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-10-31">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>Dementia comprises a number of degenerative neurological diseases. It is a complex condition and each person’s experience and symptoms are different. There is a growing awareness of the need for well-designed products and services to assist with dementia care and to enhance wellbeing. This paper presents research investigating the design of playful objects for people with late stage dementia. The investigation described is a preliminary stage in the LAUGH (Ludic Artefacts Using Gesture and Haptics) project; an AHRC funded international, interdisciplinary design research project. People living with dementia, informal and professional carers, health professionals, art therapists, charity representatives, arts practitioners and designers are informing the research through a series of expert group participatory workshops and case study interviews. Observation, discussion, video, photography and investigation. Findings presented in this paper focus on the importance of emotional memory and emotional expression in the care of people with late stage dementia; the value of sensory triggers and props to stimulate emotional remembering; and the importance of designing to promote high quality social connections.</dc:description>
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   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8130/1/LAUGH%20Design%20%26%20Emotion%20paper.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Design and Emotion Society</dc:publisher>
   <dc:subject>LAUGH project</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>positive emotion</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>dementia</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>LAUGH: Designing to enhance positive emotion for people living with dementia</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-09-01</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Treadaway, Cathy</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Kenning, Gail</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Prytherch, David</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Fennell, Jac</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-09-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
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   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Arts and Humanities Research Council" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100000267">LAUGH Project</rioxxterms:project>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8131
Date: 2016-11-01

RIOXX

Base RIOXX scheme designed for low-level interoperability
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RCUK RIOXX scheme for reporting of open access publications funded through UK Research Council grants
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<record>
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    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8131</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-11-01T11:47:58Z</datestamp>
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   <dc:description>This paper presents international multidisciplinary design research to support the wellbeing of people living with dementia. The LAUGH project aims to develop playful artefacts that will contribute to non-pharmacological personalised approaches to caring for people living with late stage dementia in residential care. This paper presents the context for this research and explains the initial stages of the work currently in progress. An inclusive participatory methodology is described in which key experts including: health professionals, technologists, materials scientists and carers of people living with dementia are informing the development of design concepts. A positive design approach in which designing for pleasure, personal significance and virtue underpin the work. The initial stages of the research have identified the significance of: playfulness, sensory stimulation, hand use and emotional memory. This paper contends that designs should aim to promote ‘in the moment’ living in order to support subjective wellbeing of people living with late stage dementia.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8131/1/CT_DRS_In_the_Moment.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Design Research Society</dc:publisher>
   <dc:subject>LAUGH project</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>dementia</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>late stage</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>wellbeing</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>emotional memory</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Inclusive design</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>In the moment: designing for late stage dementia</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-06-01</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Treadaway, Cathy</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Prytherch, David</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Kenning, Gail</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Fennell, Jac</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-06-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract</rioxxterms:type>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8136
Date: 2016-11-08

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    <datestamp>2016-11-08T21:39:04Z</datestamp>
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   <ali:free_to_read/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-11-08">https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>We consider a face-to-face videoconferencing system that uses a Kinect camera at each end of the link for 3D modeling and an ordinary 2D display for output. The Kinect camera allows a 3D model of each participant to be transmitted; the (assumed static) background is sent separately. Furthermore, the Kinect tracks the receiver’s head, allowing our system to render a view of the sender depending on the receiver’s viewpoint. The resulting motion parallax gives the receivers a strong impression of 3D viewing as they move, yet the system only needs an ordinary 2D display. This is cheaper than a full 3D system, and avoids disadvantages such as the need to wear shutter glasses, VR headsets, or to sit in a particular position required by an autostereo display. Perceptual studies show that users experience a greater&#13;
sensation of depth with our system compared to a typical 2D videoconferencing system.</dc:description>
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   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8136/1/3D%20modeling%20and%20motion%20parallax%20for%20improved%20videoconferencing.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Springer</dc:publisher>
   <dc:subject>3D modelling</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>videoconferencing</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>naked-eye</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>motion parallax</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>real-time modelling</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>3D</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>3D modeling and motion parallax for improved videoconferencing</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-02-01</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true" rioxxterms:id="http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8283-6407">Zhu, Zhe</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false" rioxxterms:id="http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8283-6407">Ralph, Martin</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false" rioxxterms:id="http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8283-6407">Pepperell, Robert</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false" rioxxterms:id="http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8283-6407">Burleigh, Alistair</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-06-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
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   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1007/s41095-016-0038-4</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8137
Date: 2017-01-26

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    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8137</identifier>
    <datestamp>2017-01-26T17:01:13Z</datestamp>
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   <ali:free_to_read/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-11-08">https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>We investigated the familiar phenomenon of the uncanny feeling that represented people in frontal pose invariably appear to ‘‘face you’’ from wherever you stand. We deploy two different methods. The stimuli include the conventional one—a flat portrait rocking back and forth about a vertical axis—augmented with two novel variations. In one alternative, the portrait frame rotates whereas the actual portrait stays motionless and fronto-parallel; in the other, we replace the (flat!) portrait with a volumetric object. These variations yield exactly the same optical stimulation in frontal view, but become grossly different in very oblique views. We also let participants sample their momentary awareness through ‘‘gauge object’’ settings in static displays. From our results, we conclude that the psychogenesis of visual awareness maintains a number—at least two, but most likely more—of distinct spatial frameworks simultaneously involving ‘‘cue–scission.’’ Cues may be effective in one of these spatial frameworks but ineffective or functionally different in other ones.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8137/1/Facing%20the%20Spectator%20published.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Sage</dc:publisher>
   <dc:subject>pictorial space</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>picture perception</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>cue scission</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>uncanny valley</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Facing the Spectator</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-09-22</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Koenderink, Jan</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">van Doorn, Andrea</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Pinna, Baingio</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Pepperell, Robert</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-11-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1177/2041669516675181</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8138
Date: 2016-11-09

RIOXX

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    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8138</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-11-09T03:00:39Z</datestamp>
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   <dc:description>Little is known about how we perceive the size and shape of objects in far peripheral vision. Observations made during an artistic study of visual space suggest that objects appear smaller and compressed in the periphery compared with central vision. To test this, we conducted three experiments. In Experiment 1, we asked participants to draw how a set of peripheral discs appeared when viewed peripherally without time or eye movement constraints. In Experiment 2, we used the method of constant stimuli to measure when a briefly presented peripheral stimulus appeared bigger or smaller compared with a central fixated one. In Experiment 3, we measured how accurate participants were in discriminating shapes presented briefly in the periphery. In Experiment 1, the peripheral discs were reported as appearing significantly smaller than the central disc, and as having an elliptical or polygonal contour. In Experiment 2, participants judged the size of peripheral discs as being significantly smaller when compared with the central disc across most of the peripheral field, and in Experiment 3, participants were quite accurate in reporting the shape of the peripheral object, except in the far periphery. Our results show that objects in the visual periphery are perceived as diminished in size when presented for long and brief exposures, suggesting diminution is an intrinsic feature of the structure of the visual space. Shape distortions, however, are reported only with longer exposures.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8138/1/i-Perception-2016-Baldwin-published%20version.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Sage</dc:publisher>
   <dc:subject>peripheral vision</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>size perception</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>shape perception</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>visual space</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>The Perceived Size and Shape of Objects in Peripheral Vision</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-06-21</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Baldwin, Joseph</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Burleigh, Alistair</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Pepperell, Robert</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Ruta, Nicole</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-08-17</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
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   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1177/2041669516661900</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8140
Date: 2016-11-23

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    <datestamp>2016-11-23T13:07:56Z</datestamp>
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   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-11-14">https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>Objectives: This cross-sectional study aimed to individually and cumulatively compare sensitivity and specificity of the (1) ankle brachial index and (2) pulse volume waveform analysis recorded by the same automated device, with the presence or absence of peripheral arterial disease being verified by ultrasound duplex scan. &#13;
&#13;
&#13;
Methods: Patients (n=205) referred for lower limb arterial assessment underwent ankle brachial index measurement and pulse volume waveform recording using volume plethysmography, followed by ultrasound duplex scan. The presence of peripheral arterial disease was recorded if ankle brachial index &lt;0.9; pulse volume waveform was graded as 2, 3 or 4; or if haemodynamically significant stenosis &gt;50% was evident with ultrasound duplex scan. Outcome measure was agreement between the measured ankle brachial index and interpretation of pulse volume waveform for peripheral arterial disease diagnosis, using ultrasound duplex scan as the reference standard. &#13;
&#13;
&#13;
Results: Sensitivity of ankle brachial index was 79%, specificity 91% and overall accuracy 88%. Pulse volume waveform sensitivity was 97%, specificity 81% and overall accuracy 85%. The combined sensitivity of ankle brachial index and pulse volume waveform was 100%, specificity 76% and overall accuracy 85%. &#13;
&#13;
&#13;
Conclusion: Combining these two diagnostic modalities within one device provided a highly accurate method of ruling out peripheral arterial disease, which could be utilised in primary care to safely reduce unnecessary secondary care referrals.</dc:description>
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   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8140/2/2050312116659088.full.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Sage</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>2050-3121</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>automated ankle brachial index</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>pulse volume</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>pulse volume waveform</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>ultrasound duplex scan</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>peripheral arterial disease</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>lower limb</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Non-invasive assessment of peripheral arterial disease: Automated ankle brachial index measurement and pulse volume analysis compared to duplex scan</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-06-14</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Lewis, Jane E. A.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Williams, Paul</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Davies, Jane H.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-07-12</rioxxterms:publication_date>
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   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1177/2050312116659088</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8159
Date: 2016-11-18

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    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8159</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-11-18T19:01:33Z</datestamp>
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   <dc:description>Aims and objectives: The purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of speech development across successive generations of heritage language users, examining how cross-linguistic, developmental and socio-cultural factors affect stop consonant production.&#13;
Design: To this end, we recorded Sylheti and English stop productions of two sets of Bangladeshi heritage families: (1) first-generation adult migrants from Bangladesh and their (second-generation) UK-born children, and (2) second-generation UK-born adult heritage language users and their (third-generation) UK-born children.&#13;
Data and analysis: The data were analysed auditorily, using whole-word transcription, and acoustically, examining voice onset time. Comparisons were then made in both languages across the four groups of participants, and cross-linguistically.&#13;
Findings: The results revealed non-native productions of English stops by the first-generation migrants but largely target-like patterns by the remaining sets of participants. The Sylheti stops exhibited incremental changes across successive generations of speakers, with the third-generation children’s productions showing the greatest influence from English.&#13;
Originality: This is one of few studies to examine both the host and heritage language in an ethnic minority setting, and the first to demonstrate substantial differences in heritage language accent between age-matched second- and third-generation children. The study shows that current theories of bilingual speech learning do not go far enough in explaining how speech develops in heritage language settings.&#13;
Implications: These findings have important implications for the maintenance, transmission and long-term survival of heritage languages, and show that investigations need to go beyond second-generation speakers, in particular in communities that do not see a steady influx of new migrants.</dc:description>
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   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Sage</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>1367-0069</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>Stop consonants</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>auditoryand acustic analysis</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>heritage language</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Sylheti-English Bilingualism</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>bilingual phonological acquisition</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Inter-generational transmission in a minority language setting: Stop consonant production by Bangladeshi heritage children and adults</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-09-31</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Mayr, Robert</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Siddika, Aysha</rioxxterms:author>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8150
Date: 2016-11-22

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    <datestamp>2016-11-22T16:38:26Z</datestamp>
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   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-11-17">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/under-embargo-all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>Chronic wounds, including pressure ulcers, foot ulcers and venous leg ulcers have a detrimental impact on the health and well-being of an estimated 2% of people in the UK. Chronic wounds are normally colonised by bacteria and in some instances bacterial load increases sufficiently for infection to ensue. Once a chronic wound becomes infected it is difficult to resolve and a combination of continuous inflammation and bacterial proliferation makes these wounds difficult to manage. A state of prolonged inflammation can occur as a result of impaired homeostatic pathways which are exacerbated by bacterial growth. Chronic, infected wounds can persist for many months or even years, sometimes requiring surgical intervention in the form of regular debridement or amputation when other strategies such as antimicrobial treatments fail. The complex relationships between both oral microbiota and the host have been extensively characterised, including the shift from health to disease, and has allowed for the development of numerous control strategies. This knowledge combined with contemporary studies of chronic infected wounds can be used to develop an understanding of the relationship between the host and microorganism in the chronic wound environment. Such information has the potential to inform wound management including strategies to control infection and promote wound healing.</dc:description>
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   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8150/1/Withycombe%20et%20al%202016%20author%20copy.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Wiley</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>2041-1006</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>ecology</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>immunity</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>infection</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>oral microbiology</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>wounds</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Micro-management: curbing chronic wound infection</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-08-09</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Withycombe, Cathryn</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Purdy, Kevin</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Maddocks, Sarah</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-08-12</rioxxterms:publication_date>
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   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1111/omi.12174</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8160
Date: 2016-11-23

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    <datestamp>2016-11-23T15:56:34Z</datestamp>
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   <dc:description>During the golden age of antibiotic discovery, from the 1930s through the 1960s, methods of antibiotic identification relied solely on scientific observation, and while chemical analogues such as amoxicillin, derived from penicillin, continued to be developed, they retained the same mechanisms of action and hence the same bacterial targets. Moreover, there are finite modifications that can ultimately be made to “old” classes of antibiotics. Consequently, only two new classes of antibiotics have been discovered in the past 40 years, and both entered the market early in the new millennium. The advent of the genomics revolution offered a new hope for the discovery of novel antimicrobial targets. Genomic strategies were utilized to identify potential antibacterial targets, namely those that, if inhibited, resulted in the death of the bacterium. Such targets were to be present in pathogenic strains of bacteria and absent from the human host; they could include metabolic pathways, receptor ligands, and virulence traits, to name a few. Despite the abundance of targets identified using this strategy, no new antibiotics have reached the marketplace as a result of the genomics approach. However, new antimicrobials with novel targets continue to be identified and contribute to the ongoing struggle against antimicrobial resistance that threatens to return humankind to a situation comparable to the preantibiotic era.</dc:description>
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   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8160/1/Novel%20targets%20of%20antimicrobial%20therapies.docx</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>ASM Press</dc:publisher>
   <dc:title>Novel targets of antimicrobial therapies</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-01-01</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Maddocks, Sarah</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-01-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
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   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1128/microbiolspec.VMBF-0018-2015</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8151
Date: 2016-11-17

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    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8151</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-11-17T19:03:49Z</datestamp>
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   <dc:description>Ethnopharmacological relevance: Date fruit, Phoenix dactylifera L. has traditionally been used as a medicine in many cultures for the treatment of a range of ailments such as stomach and intestinal disorders, fever, oedema, bronchitis and wound healing.&#13;
Aim of the review: The present review aims to summarise the traditional use and application of Phoenix dactylifera date fruit in different ethnomedical systems, additionally the botany and phytochemistry are identified. Critical evaluation of in vitro and in vitro studies examining date fruit in relation to anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic and antimicrobial activities are outlined.&#13;
Key Findings: The ethnomedical use of Phoenix dactylifera in the treatment of inflammatory disease has been previously identified and reported. Furthermore, date fruit and date fruit co-products such as date syrup are rich sources of polyphenols, anthocyanins, sterols and carotenoids. In vitro studies have demonstrated that date fruit exhibits antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic activity. The recent interest in the identification of the numerous health benefits of dates using in vitro and in vivo studies have confirmed that date fruit and date syrup have beneficial health effects that can be attributed to the presence of natural bioactive compounds.&#13;
Conclusions: Date fruit and date syrup have therapeutic properties, which have the potential to be beneficial to health. However, more investigations are needed to quantify and validate these effects.</dc:description>
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   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8151/3/Chemical%20characterisation-%20Taleb.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>0378-8741</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>Phoenix dactylifera, date fruit, polyphenols, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Chemical characterisation and the anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic and antibacterial properties of date fruit (Phoenix dactylifera L.)</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-10-07</dcterms:dateAccepted>
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   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Maddocks, Sarah</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Morris, Keith</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Kanekanian, Ara</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-10-10</rioxxterms:publication_date>
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   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1016/j.jep.2016.10.032</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8203
Date: 2017-01-27

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   <dc:description>Previously published evidence has established major clinical benefits from using Computer Aided Design (CAD), Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM), and Additive Manufacturing (AM) to produce patient-specific devices.  These include cutting guides, drilling guides, positioning guides, and implants.  However, custom devices produced using these methods are still not in routine use – particularly by the UK National Health Service (NHS).  Oft-cited reasons for this slow uptake include: a higher up-front cost than conventionally-fabricated devices, material-choice uncertainty, and a lack of long-term follow-up due to their relatively recent introduction.  This paper identifies a further gap in current knowledge – that of design rules, or key specification considerations for complex CAD/CAM/AM devices.  This research begins to address the gap by combining a detailed review of the literature with first-hand experience of interdisciplinary collaboration on five craniofacial patient case-studies.  &#13;
&#13;
In each patient case, bony lesions in the orbito-temporal region were segmented, excised, and reconstructed in the virtual environment.  Three cases translated these digital plans into theatre via polymer surgical guides.  Four cases utilised AM to fabricate titanium implants.  One implant was machined from PolyEther Ether Ketone (PEEK).  From the literature, articles with relevant abstracts were analysed to extract design considerations.  19 frequently-recurring design considerations were extracted from previous publications.  9 new design considerations were extracted from the case studies – on the basis of subjective clinical evaluation.  These were synthesised to produce a design considerations framework to assist clinicians with prescribing and design engineers with modelling.  Promising avenues for further research are proposed.</dc:description>
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   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>SAGE Publishing</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>0954-4119</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>Implants / Prosthetics</dc:subject>
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   <dc:subject>Computer Aided Design</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Additive Manufacturing</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>3D Printing</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Surgical Guides</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Orthopaedic Materials,</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Evolution of design considerations in complex craniofacial reconstruction using patient-specific implants</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-11-07</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Peel, Sean</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Bhatia, Satyajeet</rioxxterms:author>
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   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Morris, Daniel S.</rioxxterms:author>
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   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2017-01-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8177
Date: 2016-11-23

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   <dc:description>Plant-derived products such as date syrup have demonstrated antibacterial activity and can inhibit bacteria through numerous different mechanisms, which may be attributed to bioactive compounds including plant-derived phenolic molecules. Date syrup is rich in polyphenols and this study hypothesized that date syrup polyphenols demonstrate inherent antimicrobial activity, which cause oxidative damage. This investigation revealed that date syrup has a high content of total polyphenols (605 mg/100g), and is rich in tannins (357 mg/100g), flavonoids (40.5 mg/100g) and flavanols (31.7 mg/100g) that are known potent antioxidants. Furthermore, date syrup, and polyphenols extracted from date syrup, the most abundant bioactive constituent of date syrup are bacteriostatic to both Gram positive and Gram negative Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus respectively. It has further been shown that the extracted polyphenols independently suppress the growth of bacteria at minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 30 mg/mL and 20 mg/mL for E. coli and S. aureus, and have observed that date syrup behaves as a prooxidant by generating hydrogen peroxide that mediates bacterial growth inhibition as a result of oxidative stress. At sub-lethal MIC concentrations date syrup demonstrated antioxidative activity by reducing hydrogen peroxide, and at lethal concentrations date syrup demonstrated prooxidant activity that inhibited the growth of E. coli and S. aureus. The high sugar content naturally present in date syrup did not significantly contribute to this effect. These findings highlight that date syrup’s antimicrobial activity is mediated through hydrogen peroxide generation in inducing oxidative stress in bacteria.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8177/1/The%20antibacterial%20activity%20of%20date%20syrup%20polyphenols%20-Maddocks%20S.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Frontiers Media</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>1664-302X</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>Phoenix dactylifera</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>date syrup</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>polyphenol</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>aureus</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>The antibacterial activity of date syrup polyphenols against S. aureus and E. coli</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-02-05</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Taleb, Hajer</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Maddocks, Sarah</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Morris, Keith</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Kanekanian, Ara</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-02-26</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.3389/fmicb.2016.00198</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8198
Date: 2016-11-28

RIOXX

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<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8198</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-11-28T19:03:57Z</datestamp>
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   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-11-28">http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>Introduction &#13;
Current international guidelines for cardiac rehabilitation (CR) advocate moderate-intensity exercise training (MISS, moderate-intensity steady state). This recommendation predates significant advances in medical therapy for coronary heart disease (CHD) and may not be the most appropriate strategy for the ‘modern’ patient with CHD. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) appears to be a safe and effective alternative, resulting in greater improvements in peak oxygen uptake (VO2 peak). To date, HIIT trials have predominantly been proof-of-concept studies in the laboratory setting and conducted outside the UK. The purpose of this multicentre randomised controlled trial is to compare the effects of HIIT and MISS training in patients with CHD attending UK CR programmes. &#13;
&#13;
Methods and analysis &#13;
This pragmatic study will randomly allocate 510 patients with CHD to 8 weeks of twice weekly HIIT or MISS training at 3 centres in the UK. HIIT will consist of 10 high-intensity (85–90% peak power output (PPO)) and 10 low-intensity (20–25% PPO) intervals, each lasting 1 min. MISS training will follow usual care recommendations, adhering to currently accepted UK guidelines (ie, &gt;20 min continuous exercise at 40–70% heart rate reserve). Outcome measures will be assessed at baseline, 8 weeks and 12 months. The primary outcome for the trial will be change in VO2 peak as determined by maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Secondary measures will assess physiological, psychosocial and economic outcomes. &#13;
&#13;
Ethics and dissemination &#13;
The study protocol V.1.0, dated 1 February 2016, was approved by the NHS Health Research Authority, East Midlands—Leicester South Research Ethics Committee (16/EM/0079). Recruitment will start in August 2016 and will be completed in June 2018. Results will be published in peer-reviewed journals, presented at national and international scientific meetings and are expected to inform future national guidelines for exercise training in UK CR.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8198/1/e012843.full.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>BMJ Publishing Group</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>2044-6055</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>cardiac rehabilitation</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>high intensity exercise</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>health economics</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>psychosocial</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>qualitative</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>cardiovascular physiology</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>High-intensity interval training versus moderate-intensity steady-state training in UK cardiac rehabilitation programmes (HIIT or MISS UK): study protocol for a multicentre randomised controlled trial and economic evaluation</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-10-05</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">McGregor, Gordon</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Nichols, Simon</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Hamborg, Thomas</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Bryning, Lucy</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Tudor-Edwards, Rhiannon</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Markland, David</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Mercer, Jenny</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Birkett, Stefan</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Ennis, Stuart</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Powell, Richard</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Begg, Brian</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Haykowsky, Mark J</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Banerjee, Prithwish</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Ingle, Lee</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Shave, Rob</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Backx, Karianne</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-11-16</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-012843</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8186
Date: 2016-11-25

RIOXX

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<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8186</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-11-25T03:02:42Z</datestamp>
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   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2014-08-01">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>Short-term, high-altitude (HA) exposure raises pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) and decreases left-ventricular (LV) volumes. However, relatively little is known of the long-term cardiac consequences of prolonged exposure in Sherpa, a highly adapted HA population. To investigate short-term adaptation and potential long-term cardiac remodeling, we studied ventricular structure and function in Sherpa at 5,050 m (n = 11; 31 ± 13 yr; mass 68 ± 10 kg; height 169 ± 6 cm) and lowlanders at sea level (SL) and following 10 ± 3 days at 5,050 m (n = 9; 34 ± 7 yr; mass 82 ± 10 kg; height 177 ± 6 cm) using conventional and speckle-tracking echocardiography. At HA, PASP was higher in Sherpa and lowlanders compared with lowlanders at SL (both P &lt; 0.05). Sherpa had smaller right-ventricular (RV) and LV stroke volumes than lowlanders at SL with lower RV systolic strain (P &lt; 0.05) but similar LV systolic mechanics. In contrast to LV systolic mechanics, LV diastolic, untwisting velocity was significantly lower in Sherpa compared with lowlanders at both SL and HA. After partial acclimatization, lowlanders demonstrated no change in the RV end-diastolic area; however, both RV strain and LV end-diastolic volume were reduced. In conclusion, short-term hypoxia induced a reduction in RV systolic function that was also evident in Sherpa following chronic exposure. We propose that this was consequent to a persistently higher PASP. In contrast to the RV, remodeling of LV volumes and normalization of systolic mechanics indicate structural and functional adaptation to HA. However, altered LV diastolic relaxation after chronic hypoxic exposure may reflect differential remodeling of systolic and diastolic LV function.&#13;
 &#13;
 &#13;
 &#13;
 &#13;
 &#13;
 exposure to high altitude (HA) challenges the cardiovascular system to meet the metabolic demand for oxygen (O2) in an environment where arterial O2 content is markedly reduced. The drop in arterial O2 has both direct and indirect consequences for the heart, including depressed inotropy of cardiac muscle (40, 44), changes in blood volume and viscosity, and vasoconstriction of the pulmonary arteries (33). Despite these broad physiological changes, which have been reviewed previously (28, 49), there is evidence that the heart copes relatively well at HA (29, 34).&#13;
 &#13;
 Short-term HA exposure in lowland natives is characterized by a decreased plasma volume (PV), an increased sympathetic nerve activity, and pulmonary vasoconstriction (17, 30, 37), all of which have considerable impact on cardiac function and in time, could stimulate cardiac remodeling. Himalayan native Sherpa, who are of Tibetan lineage and have resided at HA for ∼25,000 yr (2), are well adapted to life at HA, demonstrating greater lung-diffusing capacity (11) and an absence of polycythemia compared with acclimatized lowlanders (4). Previous studies have also reported Sherpa to have higher maximal heart rates (HRs) and only moderate pulmonary hypertension compared with lowlanders at HA (11, 25). Due to their longevity at HA, Sherpa provide an excellent model to investigate the effects of chronic hypoxic exposure. Despite this, neither the acute nor lifelong effects of HA on right- and left-ventricular (RV and LV, respectively) structure and function have been fully assessed in lowlanders or the unique Sherpa population.&#13;
 &#13;
 Due to the unique arrangement of myofibers, cardiac form and function are intrinsically linked, as reflected in the cardiac mechanics (LV twist and rotation and ventricular strain) that underpin ventricular function. In response to altered physiological demand, ventricular mechanics acutely change (16, 41) and chronically remodel (31, 42) to reduce myofiber stress and achieve efficient ejection (5, 47). Therefore, concomitant examination of myocardial mechanics and ventricular structure in both the acute and chronic HA setting will provide novel insight into human adaptation to hypoxia.&#13;
 &#13;
 To investigate the effects of chronic hypoxic exposure, we compared ventricular volumes and mechanics in Sherpa at 5,050 m with lowlanders at sea level (SL). In addition, to reveal potential stimuli for remodeling and to examine the time course of adaptation, we compared Sherpa with lowlanders after short-term HA exposure.&#13;
 &#13;
 We hypothesized that: 1) Sherpa would exhibit smaller LV volumes and a higher RV/LV ratio than lowlanders at SL, 2) LV mechanics in Sherpa will closely resemble those of lowlanders at SL, and 3) following partial acclimatization to HA, LV volumes would be reduced in lowlanders and LV mechanics acutely increased.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8186/1/Ventricular%20structure%2c%20function%20and%20mechanics%20at%20high%20altitude.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>American Physiological Society</dc:publisher>
   <dc:subject>Hypoxia</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Cardiac Remodelling</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Ventricular mechanics</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Sherpa</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Ventricular structure, function, and mechanics at high altitude: chronic remodeling in Sherpa vs. short-term lowlander adaptation.</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2014-05-23</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Stembridge, Mike</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Ainslie, Philip</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Hughes, Michael G.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Stöhr, Eric J.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Cotter, James D.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Nio, Amanda Q. X.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Shave, Rob</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2014-08-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>NA</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1152/japplphysiol.00233.2014</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8249
Date: 2016-12-08

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<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8249</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-12-08T19:05:23Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_7</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_865</setSpec>
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    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-11-28">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>Older adults and other groups with weakened immunity are at increased risk of foodborne disease. Further research is important to understand the actual food safety practices of older adults and therefore develop effective food safety education strategies.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8249/3/Older-adults%e2%80%99%20domestic%20kitchen%20practices%20associated%20with%20an%20increased%20risk%20of%20listeriosis..pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Sage Journals</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>1757-9139</dc:source>
   <dc:title>Older adults’ domestic kitchen practices associated with an increased risk of listeriosis</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-04-25</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Evans, Ellen W.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-07-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
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   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1177/1757913916649818</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8213
Date: 2016-11-29

RIOXX

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<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8213</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-11-29T19:04:05Z</datestamp>
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    <setSpec>col_10369_865</setSpec>
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   <ali:free_to_read/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-11-29">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>Introduction: Chemotherapy patients have an increased risk of foodborne illnesses as a result of immunosuppression, and are reported to have a five-times greater risk of listeriosis. To enable chemotherapy patients/carers to minimise risk of illness by implementation of risk-reducing behaviours is essential. Provision of food safety information prior to and during treatment is needed to raise awareness of the potential risks relating to foodborne illness by informing patients/carers of control measures and responsibilities of reducing critical risk factors. &#13;
Purpose: The aim of this study was to review food-related information available to chemotherapy patients/carers in the UK and evaluate the inclusion of risk-reducing food-safety behaviours.&#13;
&#13;
Methods: Food-related information available to chemotherapy patients/carers in the UK were collected from health care providers including UK NHS trusts. Sources were reviewed and analysed using a content analysis approach. Findings were summarized according to key topics critical to food safety and listeriosis, (e.g. refrigeration practices, cross-contamination, consumption of at-risk food products). &#13;
&#13;
Results: Overall, food-related information for cancer patients was obtained from 42 of 141 NHS chemotherapy providers and three UK cancer charities. Although 64% explained why patients are at an increased risk of developing infection during treatment, many failed to highlight the importance of food safety to prevent infection. Recommendations to ensure thorough cooking were most frequently included, although 42% recommended the avoidance of raw meat, poultry and fish, only 9% recommended the use of a thermometer to achieve a core temperature of 75°C. Practices relating to avoiding listeriosis were particularly lacking.&#13;
&#13;
Significance: Although information is available, considerable gaps exist and information provided varies greatly between sources. There is a need to establish the potential impact of such food-related information sources on cancer patient/carer food safety knowledge, attitudes towards reducing the risks of foodborne disease during chemotherapy treatment and implementation of risk-reducing food safety practices in the home during chemotherapy. Such data will inform the development of food safety education interventions targeting patients/carers.</dc:description>
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   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8213/1/FS%20info%20for%20patients%20poster%2003_05_2016.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>International Association for Food Protection,</dc:publisher>
   <dc:title>A Review of UK Food Safety Information Provision for Chemotherapy Patients</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-03-01</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Evans, Ellen W.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Redmond, Elizabeth</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-05-12</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Other</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version>
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</record>
ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8204
Date: 2016-11-29

RIOXX

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<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8204</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-11-29T19:04:09Z</datestamp>
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    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-04-01">http://www.gwerddon.cymru/cy/termau/</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>Yn yr erthygl hon rydym yn herio’r syniad fod cenedlaetholdeb yn gyffredinol, a chenedlaetholdeb ar y maes chwarae yn arbennig, yn anfoesol. Er bod cenedlaetholdeb yn gallu cael ei lygru ar y maes chwarae ac mewn cyd-destunau eraill, nid yw hynny o reidrwydd yn anochel. Drwy drafod athroniaeth cenedlaetholdeb rhyddfrydol, fe fyddwn yn ceisio dangos bod derbyn ymlyniad diwylliannol a chenedlaethol yn hanfodol er mwyn hybu cymuned ryng-genedlaethol. Ymhellach, byddwn yn dadlau bod gan chwaraeon cenedlaethol botensial hynod arwyddocaol i greu fforwm a deialog lle y gall gwahanol ddinasyddion rannu a dysgu oddi wrth ei gilydd.&#13;
In this paper we challenge the idea that nationalism in general, and sporting displays of nationalism in particular, are morally problematic. Whilst sporting displays of nationalism are often accompanied by ethnocentric and jingoistic tendencies, it does not follow that such competition is inherently problematic. By drawing on Liberal Nationalist philosophy, we argue that accepting and celebrating particular cultural and national ties represent a fundamental step towards encouraging an international and cosmopolitan mindset. Moreover, we argue that international sport has significant potential in stimulating meaningful cultural conversations, both within and between national communities.</dc:description>
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   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8204/3/21_e4-Hywel_Iorwerth-Carwyn_Jones.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>cy</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Y Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>1741-4261</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>Cenedlaetholdeb, Moesoldeb, Chwaraeon Rhyngwladol</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Ystyriaeth Feirniadol o Arwyddocd Moesegol Chwaraeon Rhyngwladol</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2015-04-29</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Iorwerth, Hywel</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-04-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8233
Date: 2016-12-02

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<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8233</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-12-02T19:03:52Z</datestamp>
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   <dc:description>Objective: This study was aimed to explore perceptions of and reactions to music in young adults (18–25 years) using the theory of social representations (TSR). Design: The study used a cross-sectional survey design and included participants from India, Iran, Portugal, USA and UK. Data were analysed using various qualitative and quantitative methods. Study sample: The study sample included 534 young adults. Results: The Chi-square analysis showed significant differences between the countries regarding the informants’ perception of music. The most positive connotations about music were found in the responses obtained from Iranian participants (82.2%), followed by Portuguese participants (80.6%), while the most negative connotations about music were found in the responses obtained from Indian participants (18.2%), followed by Iranian participants (7.3%). The participants’ responses fell into 19 main categories based on their meaning; however, not all categories were found in all five countries. The co-occurrence analysis results generally indicate that the category “positive emotions or actions” was the most frequent category occurring in all five countries. Conclusions: The results indicate that music is generally considered to bring positive emotions for people within these societies, although a small percentage of responses indicate some negative consequences of music.</dc:description>
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   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8233/1/09_SR%20of%20music_Manuscript_12Aug2016.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Taylor &amp; Francis Online</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>1499-2027</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>Music Listening</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Hearing Loss</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Public health Hazard</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Attitude</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Social Representation</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Text Mining</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Cross-Culture</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Social representation of "music" in young adults: a cross-cultural study</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-08-16</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Manchaiah, Vinaya</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Zhao, Fei</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Widen, Stephen</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Auzenne, Jasmin</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Beukes, Eldre W</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Ahmadi, Tayebeh</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Tome, David</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Mahadeva, Deepthi</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Krishna, Rajalalshmi</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Germundsson, Per</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-09-09</rioxxterms:publication_date>
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   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1080/14992027.2016.1227481</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8234
Date: 2016-12-02

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    <datestamp>2016-12-02T19:03:56Z</datestamp>
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   <dc:description>Objective: This systematic review aimed to explore the evidence on whether the preferred listening levels (PLLs) and durations of music listening through personal listening devices (PLDs) in adolescents and young adults exceed the current recommended 100% daily noise dose; together with the impact on hearing and possible influential factors of such listening behaviours. Design: A systematic search was conducted using multiple online bibliographic databases. Study sample: The 26 studies were included on the basis of the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: The results showed that up to 58.2% of participants exceeded the 100% daily noise dose, particularly in the presence of background noise. Significantly positive correlations were found among background noise levels and mean PLLs, as well as the proportion of participants exceeding the 100% daily noise dose. Moreover, significantly worse hearing thresholds were found in PLD users using audiometry, and significantly poor results in otoacoustic emission (OAE), even in the participants with self-reported ‘normal hearing’. Conclusion: It is crucial to develop appropriate standards and safe recommendations for daily music exposure dose in future studies. Providing an essential guide and effective education to adolescents and young adults will help raise awareness, increase knowledge, and consequently change attitudes and listening habits.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8234/1/12_MUSIC%20DAILY%20EXPOSURE%20DOSE.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Taylor &amp; Francis</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>1499-2027</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>Music</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Hearing Loss</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Personal Listening Device</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Noise-induced Hearing Loss</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Adolescents</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Young Adults</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Music listening in relation to recommended daily noise exposure dose and hearing problems using personal listening devices in adolescents and young adults</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2015-11-13</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Jiang, Wen</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Zhao, Fei</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Guderley, Nicola</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Manchaiah, Vinaya</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-01-15</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.3109/14992027.2015.1122237</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8235
Date: 2016-12-02

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    <datestamp>2016-12-02T19:03:50Z</datestamp>
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   <dc:description>The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of symmetrical, asymmetrical and unilateral hearing impairment on music quality perception. Six validated music pieces in the categories of classical music, folk music and pop music were used to assess music quality in terms of its ‘pleasantness’, ‘naturalness’, ‘fullness’, ‘roughness’ and ‘sharpness’. 58 participants with sensorineural hearing loss [20 with unilateral hearing loss (UHL), 20 with bilateral symmetrical hearing loss (BSHL) and 18 with bilateral asymmetrical hearing loss (BAHL)] and 29 normal hearing (NH) subjects participated in the present study. Hearing impaired (HI) participants had greater difficulty in overall music quality perception than NH participants. Participants with BSHL rated music pleasantness and naturalness to be higher than participants with BAHL. Moreover, the hearing thresholds of the better ears from BSHL and BAHL participants as well as the hearing thresholds of the worse ears from BSHL participants were negatively correlated to the pleasantness and naturalness perception. HI participants rated the familiar music pieces higher than unfamiliar music pieces in the three music categories. Music quality perception in participants with hearing impairment appeared to be affected by symmetry of hearing loss, degree of hearing loss and music familiarity when they were assessed using the music quality rating test (MQRT). This indicates that binaural symmetrical hearing is important to achieve a high level of music quality perception in HI listeners. This emphasizes the importance of provision of bilateral hearing assistive devices for people with asymmetrical hearing impairment.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8235/1/11_The%20effcts%20of%20symmetrical%20and%20asymmetrical.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Springer Link</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>0937-4477</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>Music Quality</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Hearing Impairment</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Binaural hearing</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Symmetrical hearing</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Symmetrical hearing loss</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Asymmetrical hearing loss</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>The effect of symmetrical and asymmetrical hearing impairment on the music quality perception</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2015-09-01</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Cai, Yuexin Y</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Zhao, Fei</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Chen, Yuebo Y</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Liang, Maojin M</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Chen, Ling L</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Yang, Haidi H</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Xiong, Hao H</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Zhang, Xueyuan</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Zheng, Yiqing</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2015-11-26</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1007/s00405-015-3838-8</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8258
Date: 2017-01-26

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    <datestamp>2017-01-26T19:06:55Z</datestamp>
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    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
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   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8258/3/Jones%20Robyn.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Sage</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>1747-9541</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>pragmatism; sports coaching; mixed methods</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Beyond ‘Crude Pragmatism’ in sports coaching: Insights from C.S. Peirce,William James, and John Dewey: A commentary</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-11-10</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Jones, Robyn</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2017-01-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
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   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1177/1747954116684222</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8305
Date: 2017-01-17

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    <datestamp>2017-01-17T19:06:51Z</datestamp>
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   <dc:description>Abstract&#13;
&#13;
Dietary nitrate supplementation has been shown to increase nitric oxide (NO) metabolites, reduce blood pressure (BP) and enhance exercise performance. Acute exposure to ultraviolet (UV)-A light also increases NO bioavailability and reduces BP. We conducted a randomized, counterbalanced placebo-controlled trial to determine the effects of UV-A light alone and in combination with nitrate on the responses to sub-maximal steady-state exercise and time trial (TT) performance. Nine cyclists (VO2max 53.1 ± 4.4 ml/kg/min) completed five performance trials comprising 10 min submaximal steady-state cycling followed by a 16.1 km TT. Following a familiarization the final four trials were preceded, in random order, by either (1) Nitrate gels (NIT) + UV-A, (2) Placebo (PLA) + UV-A, (3) NIT + Sham light (SHAM) and (4) PLA + SHAM (control). The NIT gels (2 × 60 ml gels, ~8.1 mmol nitrate) or a low-nitrate PLA were ingested 2.5 h prior to the trial. The light exposure consisted of 20 J/cm2 whole body irradiation with either UV-A or SHAM light. Plasma nitrite was measured pre- and post-irradiation and VO2 was measured continuously during steady-state exercise. Plasma nitrite was higher for NIT + SHAM (geometric mean (95% CI), 332 (292–377) nM; P = 0.029) and NIT + UV-A (456 (312–666) nM; P = 0.014) compared to PLA + SHAM (215 (167–277) nM). Differences between PLA + SHAM and PLA + UV-A (282 (248–356) nM) were small and non-significant. During steady-state exercise VO2 was reduced following NIT + UVA (P = 0.034) and tended to be lower in NIT + SHAM (P = 0.086) but not PLA + UV-A (P = 0.381) compared to PLA + SHAM. Performance in the TT was significantly faster following NIT + UV-A (mean ± SD 1447 ± 41 s P = 0.005; d = 0.47), but not PLA + UV-A (1450 ± 40 s; d = 0.41) or NIT + SHAM (1455 ± 47 s; d = 0.28) compared to PLA + SHAM (1469 ± 52 s). These findings demonstrate that exposure to UV-A light alone does not alter the physiological responses to exercise or improve performance in a laboratory setting. A combination of UV-A and NIT, however, does improve cycling TT performance in this environment, which may be due to a larger increase in NO availability</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8305/2/Acute%20Whole%20Body%20UVA%20Irradiation%20Combined%20with%20Nitrate%20Ingestion%20Enhances%20Time%20Trial.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>1089-8603</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>Exercise</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Nitric Oxide</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>cyclists</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>ingestion</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>time trial performance</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Acute whole body UVA irradiation combined with nitrate ingestion enhances time trial performance in trained cyclists</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2015-04-01</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Muggeridge, David</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Sculthorpe, Nicholas</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Fergal, Grace</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Willis, Gareth</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Thornhill, Laurence</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Weller, Richard</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">James, Philip</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Easton, Chris</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2015-08-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1016/j.niox.2014.09.158</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8259
Date: 2016-12-14

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   <dc:description>The aim of this article is two-fold. Firstly, it is to advance the case for Activity Theory (AT) as a credible and alternative lens to view and research sports coaching. Secondly, it is to position this assertion within the wider debate about the epistemology of coaching. Following a framing introduction, a more comprehensive review of the development and current conceptualisation of AT is given. Here, AT’s evolution through three distinct phases and related theorists, namely Vygotsky, Leont’ev and Engeström, is initially traced. This gives way to a more detailed explanation of AT’s principal conceptual components, including ‘object’, ‘subject’, ‘tools’ (mediating artefacts), ‘rules’, a ‘community’ and a ‘division of labour’. An example is then presented from empirical work illustrating how AT can be used as a means to research sports coaching. The penultimate section locates such thinking within coaching’s current ‘epistemological debate; arguing that the coaching ‘self’ is not an autonomous individual, but a relative part of social and cultural arrangements. Finally, a conclusion summarises the main points made, particularly in terms in presenting the grounding constructivist epistemology of AT as a potential way forward for sports coaching.</dc:description>
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   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8259/1/Activity%20theory%2c%20complexity%20and%20sports%20coaching%20An%20epistemology%20for%20a%20discipline.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Taylor &amp; Francis</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>1470-1243</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>activity theory</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>epistemology</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>sports coaching</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Activity theory, complexity and sports coaching: An epistemology for a discipline</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2013-10-24</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Jones, Robyn</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Edwards, Christian</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Tuim Viotto Filho, I.A.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2014-03-18</rioxxterms:publication_date>
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   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1080/13573322.2014.895713</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8261
Date: 2016-12-14

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    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8261</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-12-14T19:06:22Z</datestamp>
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   <dc:description>The interest in the study of engagement in the academic field can be seen through the increasing number of results in Google Scholar and in Scopus, going from barely 20 results between 2000 and 2005 to more than 500 in Scopus and more than 1100 in Google Scholar between 2011 and 2015. Soane et al. (2012) propose a unified theoretical framework as the basis of the psychological mechanism of engagement, grounded on the approach of Kahn (1990). The aim of this paper is to analyze the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the ISA engagement scale in a sample of 477 employees of the administration and services sector in a Spanish public university. Keeping the original design of the English version of the scale, the proposed factorial structure is validated with the good fit of the data according to the revised goodness of fit indices; reliability and the results of the analysis of construct validity.</dc:description>
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   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8261/2/Limbert.pdf</dc:identifier>
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   <dc:source>1576-5962</dc:source>
   <dc:title>Validation of the Spanish version of Soane's ISA Engagement Scale</dc:title>
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   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Mañas-Rodríguez, Miguel Ángel</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Alcaraz-Pardo, Luis</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Pecino-Medina, Vicente</rioxxterms:author>
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   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-08-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
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   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1016/j.rpto.2016.04.002</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8267
Date: 2016-12-15

RIOXX

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<record>
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    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8267</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-12-15T19:06:07Z</datestamp>
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   <dc:description>The current paper studies the effect of dismissals on work-rate in English FA Premier League soccer.  The study included 28 matches where a team had a player dismissed while they were winning by a single goal or the score was level.  Two types of match were compared; matches where the team reduced to 10 players maintained the drawing or winning score-line until the end of the match and matches where they failed to do so.  Similar reductions in work-rate variables were observed for teams reduced to 10 players and for their opponents after the dismissal irrespective of the outcome of the match. A significant interaction effect of team (the team reduced to 10 players v the team that played with 11 players throughout the match), match period (before v after the dismissal) and type of match was found on the percentage of time spent in the defending and attacking thirds (p &lt; 0.05).  The teams reduced to 10 players tended to spend more time in the defending third and less time in the attacking third after the dismissal.  This pattern was observed to a greater extent in matches where the 10 players successfully maintained or improved the score between the dismissal and the end of the match.  This suggests that outnumbered teams played strategically to defend the match status, rationing their efforts after the dismissal.</dc:description>
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   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Ingenta</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>1474-8185</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>situational variables, high speed running, sprinting</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>The effect of dismissals on work-rate in English FA Premier League soccer</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-09-23</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">O'Donoghue, Peter</rioxxterms:author>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8270
Date: 2016-12-15

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<record>
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    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8270</identifier>
    <datestamp>2016-12-15T19:06:12Z</datestamp>
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   <dc:description>This paper investigates the effect of score-line on work-rate in English FA Premier League soccer.  Player movement data from 110 matches where a goal was scored between 15 minutes and the end of the first half were captured by the ProzoneTM player tracking system.  The number of V-cut path changes performed per minute declined more after the first goal in matches that were won by one of the sides than in drawn matches (p &lt; 0.017). V-cut path changes involve players changing direction more than 135o to the left or the right. There was also a significant interaction of match type (won, drawn or lost by the team scoring first), period of the match (before and after the first goal), venue and the relative quality of the teams on the total number of path changes performed (p &lt; 0.05). Players from the scoring and conceding teams spent significantly less time in the middle third of the pitch after the first goal then before (p &lt; 0.017). This suggests that variability in work-rate is influenced by a combination of factors. The results suggest that the first goal has an influence on teams’ tactics and work-rate.  However, the study did not find any differences in work-rate between teams achieving different outcomes having scored first.</dc:description>
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   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Ingenta</dc:publisher>
   <dc:subject>situational variables, high speed running, sprinting</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Score-line effect on work-rate in English FA Premier League soccer</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-09-23</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">O'Donoghue, Peter</rioxxterms:author>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8271
Date: 2016-12-19

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    <datestamp>2016-12-19T19:05:59Z</datestamp>
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   <dc:description>Simulation has been applied as a tool for learning and training in sports, psychology and medicine for&#13;
some time, but its current use and potential for training musicians is less well understood. The aim&#13;
of this study was to explore musicians’ perceptions and experiences of using simulated performance&#13;
environments. Nine conservatory students performed in two simulations, each with interactive&#13;
virtual elements and vivid environmental cues: a recital with a virtual audience and an audition&#13;
with virtual judges. Qualitative data were collected through a focus group interview and written&#13;
reflective commentaries. Thematic analysis highlighted the musicians’ experiences in terms of (1)&#13;
their anticipation of using the simulations, (2) the process of performing in the simulations, (3)&#13;
the usefulness of simulation as a tool for developing performance skills and (4) ways of improving&#13;
simulation training. The results show that while simulation was new to the musicians and individual&#13;
levels of immersion differed, the musicians saw benefits in the approach for developing, experimenting&#13;
with and enhancing their performance skills. Specifically, the musicians emphasised the importance&#13;
of framing the simulation experience with plausible procedures leading to and following on from&#13;
the performance, and they recognised the potential for combining simulation with complementary&#13;
training techniques.</dc:description>
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   <dc:publisher>Sage</dc:publisher>
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   <dc:subject>expertise, learning, perception, performance, practice, simulation, qualitative</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Musicians’ perceptions and experiences of using simulation training to develop performance skills</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-08-26</dcterms:dateAccepted>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8272
Date: 2016-12-16

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   <dc:description>In ensemble performances, group members use particular bodily behaviors as a sort of “language” to supplement the lack of verbal communication. This article focuses on music regulators, which are defined as signs to other group members for coordinating performance. The following two music regulators are considered: body gestures for articulating attacks (a set of movements externally directed that are used to signal entrances in performance) and eye contact. These regulators are recurring observable behaviors that play an important role in non-verbal communication among ensemble members. To understand how they are used by chamber musicians, video recordings of two string quartet performances (Quartet A performing Bartók and Quartet B performing Haydn) were analyzed under two conditions: a low stress performance (LSP), undertaken in a rehearsal setting, and a high stress performance (HSP) during a public recital. The results provide evidence for more emphasis in gestures for articulating attacks (i.e., the perceived strength of a performed attack-type body gesture) during HSP than LSP. Conversely, no significant differences were found for the frequency of eye contact between HSP and LSP. Moreover, there was variability in eye contact during HSP and LSP, showing that these behaviors are less standardized and may change according to idiosyncratic performance conditions. Educational implications are discussed for improving interpersonal communication skills during ensemble performance.</dc:description>
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   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8272/1/fpsyg-07-01229.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Frontiers in Psychology</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>1664-1078</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>music regulators, behavioral coordination, eye contact, video analysis, string quartet ensembles</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Music regulators in two string quartets: A comparison of communicative behaviors between low- and high-stress performance conditions</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-08-02</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Biasutti, Michele</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Concina, Eleonora</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Wasley, David</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Williamon, Aaron</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-08-25</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
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   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01229</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8273
Date: 2016-12-19

RIOXX

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   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2016-12-19">https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>This paper is based on a study that was initiated to better understand the&#13;
dynamics of the grassroots sport landscape and establish a framework for effective governance&#13;
practice in this important area of sport policy and management. Researchers&#13;
had previously identified the value of exploring good governance specific to the nonprofit&#13;
sector and in particular the unique features of informal sports organisations and&#13;
small community clubs. The research methodology blended a meta-analysis of relevant&#13;
literature to identify key principles followed by primary data collection to evaluate and&#13;
validate the emerging framework. The results of the study provided a typology of the&#13;
sport governance landscape and clear evidence of the need to develop a framework&#13;
for effective governance appropriate to the needs of grassroots sports organisations.&#13;
Furthermore, it supported the construction of a flexible and dynamic self-regulatory&#13;
instrument – known as SATSport- that organisations might consider for measuring and&#13;
illustrating commitment to good governance.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8273/1/The_SATSport_Framework_for_Effective_Gov.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Mykolas Romeris University and Kaunas University of Technology</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>2029-2872</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>SATSport, Governance, Grassroots Sport, Good Practice, Self- Assessment</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>The SATSport framework for effective governance in grassroots sports organisations</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2015-09-01</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Digennaro, Simone</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Lowther, Mark</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Borgogni, Antonio</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2015-12-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
</rioxx:rioxx>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8276
Date: 2017-01-05

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<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8276</identifier>
    <datestamp>2017-01-05T14:24:31Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_5</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_664</setSpec>
  </header>
  <metadata>
    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read ali:start_date="2017-04-01"/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2017-01-04">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>OBJECTIVES:&#13;
The aim of this study was to examine whether asymmetrical lower limb loading early after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (1 mo) can predict asymmetrical lower limb loading at the time of return to sport (6 mos) and whether other early predictors as knee joint range of motion or maximal isometric strength affect this relationship.&#13;
DESIGN:&#13;
Ground reaction forces were measured during a sit-to-stand task 1 mo after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and a vertical countermovement jump 6 mos after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in 58 athletes. Other early postoperative measurements were knee joint range of motion (2 wks, 1 mo, and 2 mos after surgery) and maximal isometric strength of the knee extensor and flexor muscles (2 mos after surgery). Linear regression models were developed using side-to-side limb symmetry index (LSI) of countermovement jump as the dependent variable.&#13;
RESULTS:&#13;
LSI of sit-to-stand task 1 mo after surgery was a significant independent predictor of LSI of countermovement jump 6 mos after surgery. After accounting for deficits in knee joint range of motion and LSI of maximal isometric strength (ΔR² = 0.35, P &lt; 0.01), LSI of sit-to-stand task predicted LSI of countermovement jump (ΔR² = 0.14 P &lt; 0.01).&#13;
CONCLUSIONS:&#13;
Asymmetrical lower extremity loading 1 mo after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is an early predictor of asymmetrical lower extremity loading 6 mos after surgery.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8276/1/AJPMR_Labanca_2016.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Wolters Kluwer Health</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>0894-9115</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>knee</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>rehabilitation</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>sit to stand</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>vertical jump</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Asymmetrical lower extremity loading early after ACL reconstruction is a significant predictor of asymmetrical loading at the time of return to sport</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2015-07-02</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Labanca, Luciana</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Laudani, Luca</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Menotti, Federica</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Rocchi, Jacopo</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Mariani, Pier Paolo</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Giombini, Arrigo</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Pigozzi, Fabio</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Macaluso, Andrea</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-04-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1097/PHM.0000000000000369</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8275
Date: 2017-01-09

RIOXX

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  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8275</identifier>
    <datestamp>2017-01-09T14:16:47Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_5</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_664</setSpec>
  </header>
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    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read ali:start_date="2017-12-30"/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2017-01-04">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>Introduction: The cardiac dysfunction associated with anthracycline-based chemotherapy cancer treatment can exist sub-clinically for decades before overt presentation. Stress echocardiography, the measurement of left ventricular (LV) deformation and arterial haemodynamic evaluation have separately been used to identify sub-clinical cardiovascular (CV) dysfunction in several patient groups including those with hypertension and diabetes. The purpose of the present cross-sectional study was to determine whether the combination of these techniques could be used to improve the characterisation of sub-clinical CV dysfunction in long-term cancer survivors previously treated with anthracyclines. Materials and methods: Thirteen long-term cancer survivors (36±10 years) with prior anthracycline exposure (11±8 years post-treatment) and 13 age-matched controls were&#13;
recruited. Left ventricular structure, function and deformation were assessed using echocardiography. Augmentation index was used to quantify arterial haemodynamic load and was measured using applanation tonometry. Measurements were taken at rest and during two stages of low-intensity incremental cycling.Results: At rest, both groups had comparable global LV systolic, diastolic and arterial function (all P&gt;0.05), however longitudinal deformation was significantly lower in cancer survivors (-18±2 v -20±2, P&lt;0.05). During exercise this difference between groups persisted and further differences were uncovered with significantly lower apical circumferential deformation in the cancer survivors (-24±5 v -29±5, -29±5 v 35±8 for first and second stage of exercise respectively, both P&lt;0.05). Conclusion: In contrast to resting echocardiography the measurement of LV deformation at rest and during exercise provides a more comprehensive characterisation of sub-clinical LV dysfunction. Larger studies are required to determine the clinical relevance of these preliminary findings.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8275/1/Cardiac%20dysfunction%20in%20cancer%20survivors%20unmasked%20during%20exercise.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Wiley</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>0014-2972</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>Anthracyclines</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Exercise echocardiography</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Cardiac deformation</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Arterial haemodynamics</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Cardiac dysfunction in cancer survivors unmasked by exercise</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-12-28</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Kearney, Maria</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Gallop-Evans, Eve</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Cockcroft, John R.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Stöhr, Eric J.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Lee, Eveline</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Backx, Karianne</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Haykowski, Mark</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Yousef, Zaheer</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Shave, Rob</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-12-30</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eci.12720</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8284
Date: 2017-01-09

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  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8284</identifier>
    <datestamp>2017-01-09T19:06:40Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_5</setSpec>
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  </header>
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    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read ali:start_date="2017-11-06"/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2017-01-09">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>The  purpose  of  this  study  was  to  explore  volunteer  rugby  &#13;
union    coaches’    perceptions    of    organised    competitive    &#13;
participation during childhood. Participants were 202 under-9 &#13;
(U9)  mini  rugby  union  coaches  who  had  coached  during  &#13;
the  2010/11  season.  Coaches  completed  an  Internet-based  &#13;
survey,  and  cluster  analysis  was  used  to  identify  different  &#13;
groups   based   on   attitudes   towards   the   Rugby   Football   &#13;
Union’s  current  rules  and  proposed  changes  to  these  rules.  &#13;
Three distinct groups were identified based on whether they &#13;
wanted to maintain the status quo (Traditionalists); maintain &#13;
some  elements  of  structure  (Moderates);  or  have  a  much  &#13;
less structured introduction to rugby (Radicals). In total, over &#13;
three   quarters   of   coaches   favoured   structured   elements   &#13;
(early specialisation), while less than a quarter favoured a less &#13;
structured game (late specialisation). Only the Radical’s views &#13;
matched  those  espoused  by  elite  coaches  and  U9  players  &#13;
themselves, raising several issues regarding coach education &#13;
for  player  development  during  childhood.  In  the  short  term  &#13;
there  are  the  difficulties  of  aligning  disparate  views  of  U9  &#13;
player development via coaching for and during competitive &#13;
games.   This   is   further   complicated   by   the   challenges   of   &#13;
enhancing  the  skills  of  thousands  of  volunteer  coaches  with  &#13;
limited  experience,  knowledge  and  expertise  in  coaching  &#13;
during childhood.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8284/3/Exploring%20mini%20rugby%20union%20coaches%e2%80%99%20perceptions%20of%20competitive%20activities.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Taylor &amp; Francis</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>2164-0629</dc:source>
   <dc:source>2164-0637 (ESSN)</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>Coaching; rugby union;  competitive participation;  early specialisation; late  specialisation; player development</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Exploring mini rugby union coaches’ perceptions of competitive activities</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-08-02</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Thomas, Gethin L.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Coles, Tim</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Wilson, Mark R.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-11-06</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1080/21640629.2016.1244425</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Economic and Social Research Council" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100000269">RES-187-24-0002</rioxxterms:project>
</rioxx:rioxx>
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</record>
ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8285
Date: 2017-01-27

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<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8285</identifier>
    <datestamp>2017-01-27T10:35:21Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_5</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_664</setSpec>
  </header>
  <metadata>
    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read ali:start_date="2018-07-10"/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2017-01-10">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>The general purpose of this article is threefold. Firstly, it is to further the notion of coaching as orchestration through developing insight into precisely how and what coaches orchestrate. Secondly, it is to firmly position coaching as a relational practice, whilst thirdly it is to better define coaching’s complex nature and how it can be somewhat ordered. Following an introduction where the purpose and value of the paper are outlined, we present the reflective method of critical companionship through which we explored and addressed the aforementioned purposes. The case for the quiddity, or the 'just whatness' (i.e., the inherent nature or essence) of coaching as involving complex, relational acts which can be somewhat explained through recourse to the developing theory of orchestration is subsequently made. In doing so, two precise examples of how we as coaches orchestrate sporting practice are presented. The paper concludes with both a summary of the principal argument(s) made, and some reflective considerations for future directions.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8285/3/What%20do%20coaches%20orchestrate%20-%20Unravelling%20the%20%27quiddity%27%20of%20practice%20.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Routledge</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>1357-3322</dc:source>
   <dc:source>1470-1243 (ESSN)</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>sports coaching; orchestration; quiddity; relational practice</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>What do coaches orchestrate? Unravelling the 'quiddity' of practice</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2017-01-10</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Jones, Robyn</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Ronglan, Lars Tore</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2017-01-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1080/13573322.2017.1282451</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
</rioxx:rioxx>
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</record>
ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8304
Date: 2017-01-27

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<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8304</identifier>
    <datestamp>2017-01-27T12:06:20Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_7</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_862</setSpec>
  </header>
  <metadata>
    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2017-01-17">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>Context: Chronic psychological stress has been associated with shorter telomeres in some studies, but&#13;
the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. One possibility is that the neuroendocrine responses&#13;
associated with stress exposure are involved.&#13;
Objective: To testing the hypothesis that greater cortisol responsivity to acute stressors predicts more&#13;
rapid telomere attrition.&#13;
Design: We measured salivary cortisol responses to two challenging behavioral tasks. Leukocyte&#13;
telomere length was measured at the time of mental stress testing and 3 years later.&#13;
Participants: We studied 411 initially healthy men and women aged 54-76 years.&#13;
Main outcome measure: Leukocyte telomere length.&#13;
Results: Cortisol responses to this protocol were small, we divided participants into cortisol&#13;
responders (n = 156) and non-responders (n = 255) using a criterion (≥20%) previously shown to&#13;
predict increases in cardiovascular disease risk. There was no significant association between cortisol&#13;
responsivity and baseline telomere length, although cortisol responders tended to have somewhat&#13;
shorter telomeres (β = -0.061, standard error 0.049). But cortisol responders had shorter telomeres and&#13;
more rapid telomere attrition than non-responders on follow-up, after controlling statistically for age,&#13;
gender, socioeconomic status, smoking, time of day of stress testing and baseline telomere length (β = -&#13;
0.10, standard error 0.046, p = 0.029). The association was maintained after additional control for&#13;
cardiovascular risk factors (β = -0.11, p = 0.031). The difference between cortisol responders and nonresponders&#13;
was equivalent to approximately 2 years in aging.&#13;
Conclusions: These findings suggest that cortisol responsivity may mediate in part the relationship&#13;
between psychological stress and cellular aging.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8304/1/The%20longitudinal%20relationship%20between%20cortisol%20responses%20to%20mental%20stress.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Endocrine Society</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>0021-972X</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>cortisol</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>mental stress</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>leukocyte</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>telomere</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>attrition</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>The longitudinal relationship between cortisol responses to mental stress and leukocyte telomere attrition</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-11-22</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Steptoe, Andrew</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Hamer, Mark</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Lin, Jue</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Blackburn, Elizabeth</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Erusalimsky, Jorge</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-01-01</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>VoR</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1210/jc.2016-3035</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
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ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8313
Date: 2017-01-26

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<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8313</identifier>
    <datestamp>2017-01-26T16:44:14Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_7</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_862</setSpec>
  </header>
  <metadata>
    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read ali:start_date="2017-12-19"/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2017-01-24">http://www.rioxx.net/licenses/under-embargo-all-rights-reserved</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>The susceptibility of the cell-wall free bacterial pathogens Ureaplasma spp. to Manuka honey was examined. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of Manuka honey for four Ureaplasma urealyticum and four Ureaplasma parvum isolates was determined. Sensitivity to honey was also compared to clinical isolates with resistance to tetracycline, macrolide and fluoroquinolone antibiotics. Finally step-wise resistance training was utilised in an attempt to induce increased tolerance to honey. The MIC was dependent on the initial bacterial load with 7.5% and 18.0% w/v honey required to inhibit U. urealyticum at 1 and 106 colour changing units (CCU), respectively, and 4.8% and 15.3% w/v required to inhibit U. parvum at 1 and 106 CCU, respectively. MIC values were consistently lower for U. parvum compared with U. urealyticum. Antimicrobial activity was seen against tetracycline resistant, erythromycin resistant and ciprofloxacin resistant isolates at 105 CCU. No resistance to honey was observed with fifty consecutive challenges at increasing concentrations of honey. This is the first report of the antimicrobial activity of Manuka honey against a cell-wall free bacterial pathogen. The antimicrobial activity was retained against antibiotic resistant strains and it was not possible to generate resistant mutants.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8313/3/Beeton.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Wiley</dc:publisher>
   <dc:subject>antimicrobials</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>microbial structure</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>infection</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>microbial physiology</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>resistance</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Antimicrobial activity of Manuka honey against antibiotic resistant strains of the cell wall free bacteria Ureaplasma parvum and Ureaplasma urealyticum</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-12-13</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Hillitt, K.L.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Jenkins, R.E.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Spiller, O.B.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Beeton, Michael L.</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-12-19</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1111/lam.12707</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
</rioxx:rioxx>
  </metadata>
</record>
ID: oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8314
Date: 2017-01-24

RIOXX

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RCUK-RIOXX

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<record>
  <header>
    <identifier>oai:repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk:10369/8314</identifier>
    <datestamp>2017-01-24T19:07:13Z</datestamp>
    <setSpec>com_10369_7</setSpec>
    <setSpec>col_10369_862</setSpec>
  </header>
  <metadata>
    <rioxx:rioxx xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:doc="http://www.lyncode.com/xoai" xmlns:rioxx="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxx/" xmlns:rioxxterms="http://www.rioxx.net/schema/v2.0/rioxxterms/" xmlns:ali="http://ali.niso.org/2014/ali/1.0">
   <ali:free_to_read ali:start_date="2017-12-23"/>
   <ali:license_ref ali:start_date="2017-01-24">https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/</ali:license_ref>
   <dc:description>Introduction&#13;
&#13;
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are small, spherical particles enclosed by a phospholipid bilayer (∼30–1000 nm) released from multiple cell types, and have been shown to have pathophysiological roles in a plethora of disease states. The transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) allows for adaptation of cellular physiology in hypoxia and may permit the enhanced release of EVs under such conditions. Nitric oxide (NO) plays a pivotal role in vascular homeostasis, and can modulate the cellular response to hypoxia by preventing HIF-1 accumulation. We aimed to selectively target HIF-1 via sodium nitrite (NaNO2) addition, and examine the effect on endothelial EV, size, concentration and function, and delineate the role of HIF-1 in EV biogenesis.&#13;
&#13;
Methods&#13;
&#13;
Endothelial (HECV) cells were exposed to hypoxic conditions (1% O2, 24 h) and compared to endothelial cells exposed to normoxia (21% O2) with and without the presence of sodium nitrite (NaNO2) (30 μM). Allopurinol (100 μM), an inhibitor of xanthine oxidoreductase, was added both alone and in combination with NaNO2 to cells exposed to hypoxia. EV and cell preparations were quantified by nanoparticle tracking analysis and confirmed by electron microscopy. Western blotting and siRNA were used to confirm the role of HIF-1α and HIF-2α in EV biogenesis. Flow cytometry and time-resolved fluorescence were used to assess the surface and intravesicular protein content.&#13;
&#13;
Results&#13;
&#13;
Endothelial (HECV) cells exposed to hypoxia (1% O2) produced higher levels of EVs compared to cells exposed to normoxia. This increase was confirmed using the hypoxia-mimetic agent desferrioxamine. Treatment of cells with sodium nitrite (NaNO2) reduced the hypoxic enhancement of EV production. Treatment of cells with the xanthine oxidoreductase inhibitor allopurinol, in addition to NaNO2 attenuated the NaNO2-attributed suppression of hypoxia-mediated EV release. Transfection of cells with HIF-1α siRNA, but not HIF-2α siRNA, prior to hypoxic exposure prevented the enhancement of EV release.&#13;
&#13;
Conclusion&#13;
&#13;
These data provide evidence that hypoxia enhances the release of EVs in endothelial cells, and that this is mediated by HIF-1α, but not HIF-2α. Furthermore, the reduction of NO2− to NO via xanthine oxidoreductase during hypoxia appears to inhibit HIF-1α-mediated EV production.</dc:description>
   <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format>
   <dc:identifier>https://repository.cardiffmet.ac.uk/bitstream/10369/8314/1/Hypoxia%20manuscript%20007b.pdf</dc:identifier>
   <dc:language>en</dc:language>
   <dc:publisher>Elsevier</dc:publisher>
   <dc:source>1089-8603</dc:source>
   <dc:subject>extracellular vesicles</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Hypoxia</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Hypoxia-inducible factor</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Nitrite</dc:subject>
   <dc:subject>Nitric oxide</dc:subject>
   <dc:title>Nitrite-derived nitric oxide reduces hypoxia-inducible factor 1α-mediated extracellular vesicle production by endothelial cells</dc:title>
   <dcterms:dateAccepted>2016-12-15</dcterms:dateAccepted>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="true">Burnley-Hall, Nicholas</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Willis, Gareth</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Davis, Jessica</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">Rees, D. Aled</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:author first-named-author="false">James, Philip</rioxxterms:author>
   <rioxxterms:publication_date>2016-12-23</rioxxterms:publication_date>
   <rioxxterms:type>Journal Article/Review</rioxxterms:type>
   <rioxxterms:version>AM</rioxxterms:version>
   <rioxxterms:version_of_record>10.1016/j.niox.2016.12.005</rioxxterms:version_of_record>
   <rioxxterms:project rioxxterms:funder_name="Cardiff Metropolitan University" rioxxterms:funder_id="http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002802">Cardiff Metropolian (Internal)</rioxxterms:project>
</rioxx:rioxx>
  </metadata>
</record>

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